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Organ donation Learning Outcome Organ donation history. Define organ donation . Organ that you can be donated. Discuss the different religions views. History The first successful living donor transplant was performed between 23-year-old identical twins in 1954. Doctor Joseph E. Murray transplanted a healthy kidney from Ronald Herrick into his twin brother, Richard, who had chronic kidney failure. Richard went on to live an active, normal life, dying eight years later from causes unrelated to the transplant. Ronald Still alive over fifty years since the transplant 1. Organ donation The removal of specific tissues of the human body from a person who has recently died, or from a living donor, for the purpose of transplanting or grafting them into other persons. Organs and tissues are removed in procedures similar to surgery , and all incisions are closed at the conclusion of the surgery. People of all ages may be organ and tissue donors. Organs that can be donated : Heart kidney liver Intestine Pancreas lungs U.S. Waiting List • in used Statisticsdied wereUK to save many 764 Organs from people who people's lives through 2,195 transplants. • 1,914 patients received a kidney transplant. (which (31%) were given their kidney by a friend or relative). • 130 people received a pancreas or combined kidney/pancreas transplant increase of 51% over the previous year. • 610 patients received a liver transplant, 7% fewer than in the previous year. • 264 cardiothoracic transplants were carried out, a decrease of 9% compared to the previous year. • At the end of March 2006, 6,698 patients were listed as actively waiting for a transplant, a 9% increase compared to the previous year. How does religions view organ donation? Islam : • The Muslims believe that the body must be buried as soon as possible after death and they Violating the human body, whether living or dead, is illegal in Islam. • But they did not use this in a number of instances: firstly in cases of necessity and secondly in saving another person's life which that has great relevance to organ donation. Allah greatly rewards those who save others from death. Christianity : • It seems in keeping with this that Christians consider organ donation as an act of love and a way of following Jesus' example . • organ donation is considered acceptable to Roman Catholics and most Protestants . • But Christian Scientists object to all forms of organ donation and transplantation . Hinduism : • There are many references that support the concept of organ donation in Hindu scriptures. • Life after death is a strong belief of Hindus and is an ongoing process of rebirth. The law of karma decides which way the soul will go in the next life. • Organ donation is an integral part of the Hindu way of life, as guided by the Vedas. Hindus have no objection to organ donation, Lutheran ; • In 1984, the Lutheran Church in America passed a resolution stating that donation contributes to the well-being of humanity . • It can be "an expression of sacrificial love for a neighbor in need." They call on "members to consider donating organs and to make any necessary family and legal arrangements, including the use of a signed donor card." Gypsies (Romany); • Gypsies are a people of different ethnic groups without a formalized religion. They share common folk beliefs and tend to be opposed to organ and tissue donation. • Their opposition is connected with their beliefs about the afterlife. Traditional belief contends that for one year after death, the soul retraces its steps. Thus, the body must remain intact because the soul maintains its physical shape Katie waiting on to list for a liver transplant. Organ transplants are dependent on your generosity. Summary o Organ donation is very useful to help people’s life. o There are a lot of people waiting for the donation and the number increase every moment. o The religions have different views for organ donation. o You should be generous and try to draw a small smile on patient’s face.
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