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Name __________________________________ Pre-AP Biology Test Review Cell Transport Chapter 4 1. Describe the structure and function of the cell membrane. 2. Cell membranes are made up of ____________________ and ____________________. 3. What kind of molecules does the cell membrane allow in? What kind does it not let in? 4. What are the characteristics of passive transport? 5. What is diffusion? 6. What is the difference between diffusion and osmosis? 7. What is the difference between hypotonic/ hypertonic/ isotonic? 8. Explain, name and draw what happens to an animal cell when placed in a hypertonic solution? 9. Explain, name and draw what happens to an animal cell when placed in a hypotonic solution? 10. Explain, name and draw what happens to an animal cell when placed in an isotonic solution? 11. Explain the best solution for a typical animal cell? Plant cell? 12. What is facilitated diffusion? 13. What is the function of a transport (channel/carrier) protein? 14. What are the characteristics of active transport? 15. What type of transport is the sodium-potassium pump? 16. What is the difference between endocytosis and exocytosis? 17. What is the difference between phagocytosis and pinocytosis? 18. What is the function of a receptor protein? 19.The metric system is based on powers of _______________. 20.What is the magnification of the ocular lens (eye piece)? 21.What is the magnification of the low power objective? 22.What is the total magnification when using low power? Name __________________________________ Pre-AP Biology 23.Which power do you use first to focus a microscope? 24.When you move from low power to high power on a microscope, the area of view ____________. 25.What are the three parts of cell theory? 26.What is the smallest unit of life? 27.When a cell’s volume increases, the surface area to volume ratio increases/ decreases. 28.What are the differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes? 29.What is an example of a prokaryotic cell? 30.What are two examples of eukaryotic cells? 31.Do polar or nonpolar substances mix with water? 32.What is an organelle? 33.Short, hair-like structures on the surface of some cells are called ______________________. 34.What molecule forms the lipid bilayer of cell membranes? 35.What is a phospholipid? 36.Know the structure and function of all of these: a. Ribosomes b. Golgi apparatus c. Endoplasmic reticulum i. Rough ii. Smooth d. Plasma membrane e. Cytoplasm f. Lysosomes g. Nucleus h. Nucleolus i. Nuclear membrane j. Mitochondria k. Chloroplast l. Cell wall m. Central Vacuole n. Cytoskeleton o. Cilia p. Flagella 37.What organelles are only found in plant cells?
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