Essential Questions: - DOC by HC120314132645

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									Course: Anatomy and Physiology
________________________________________________________________________________________

   UNIT: INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY ON A CELLULAR
                                      LEVEL
                                 Essential Questions
     Why is it necessary to maintain and follow safety procedures in a science
       laboratory?
     How scientific tools are used in the Anatomy and Physiology studies?
     How can the student report and communicate the findings achieved in a             Curriculum Infusion                                              Levels of Instruction
       laboratory investigation?
     How have technology tools enabled scientists to transcend the surface
       barrier of the cell?
     How are cells and tissue related?
     How intricately designed is a cell?
     How delicate is the cell?




                                                                                                                                                                   Comprehension
                                                                                                                         Interdisciplinar
                                                                                                            Technology




                                                                                                                                                                                   Application
                                                                                                                                                       Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Evaluation
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Synthesis
                                                                                      Extended


                                                                                                 Modified




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Analysis
                                                                                                             Infusion




                                                                                                                                            Infusion
                                                                                                                             y Study
                                                                                                                                             Career
             Objectives                    Suggested Activities/Strategies

Observe and practice safe              Students will define and draw in the
procedures in the classroom and        notebooks, the safety symbols designated to                                                                                  X                             X
laboratory                             maintain safety in the lab.

Demonstrate the proper use and         Students will conduct an experiment
care of scientific equipment used in   focusing on specific specimens as they
the study of Anatomy and               review the proper handling, structural                                  X                                                    X                             X
Physiology.                            components and functions of a microscope.


Communicate results of scientific      Students will complete their findings in the
investigations in oral, written, or    following presentation forms: oral reports,
graphic form.                          written lab reports or graphic form.                                    X                                                    X                             X                     X




New Brunswick Public Schools
Revised 1/2011                                                             1 of 9                                                                                                                       2007/2008
Course: Anatomy and Physiology
________________________________________________________________________________________
   UNIT: INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY ON A CELLULAR
                                      LEVEL
                                 Essential Questions
     Why is it necessary to maintain and follow safety procedures in a science
       laboratory?
     How scientific tools are used in the Anatomy and Physiology studies?
     How can the student report and communicate the findings achieved in a            Curriculum Infusion                                              Levels of Instruction
       laboratory investigation?
     How have technology tools enabled scientists to transcend the surface
       barrier of the cell?
     How are cells and tissue related?
     How intricately designed is a cell?
     How delicate is the cell?




                                                                                                                                                                  Comprehension
                                                                                                                        Interdisciplinar
                                                                                                           Technology




                                                                                                                                                                                  Application
                                                                                                                                                      Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Evaluation
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Synthesis
                                                                                     Extended


                                                                                                Modified




                                                                                                                                                                                                Analysis
                                                                                                            Infusion




                                                                                                                                           Infusion
                                                                                                                            y Study
                                                                                                                                            Career
            Objectives                    Suggested Activities/Strategies
Explore career pathways in the        Students will investigate the various
field of biology and medicine         career pathways in the field of biology                                 X                              X                     X
                                      and medicine using the Internet                                                    X

Focus and examine specific            Students will evaluate specific specimens as
specimens using various               they utilize specific magnifications of the
                                                                                                                                                                   X                             X                     X
magnification levels of the           microscope (ex. slides of various cells).
microscope.

Examine and explain the basic         Students will examine an onion cell and
structure of cell’s organelles        elodea leaf cells under microscope and                                  X                                                    X                             X
                                      determine their structures.

Analyze the organelles of an animal   Student will construct a model of a cell to
cell                                  demonstrate organelles’ location and relate                             X                                                    X                             X
                                      structure to function.




New Brunswick Public Schools
Revised 1/2011                                                          2 of 9                                                                                                                         2007/2008
Course: Anatomy and Physiology
________________________________________________________________________________________
   UNIT: INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY ON A CELLULAR
                                      LEVEL
                                 Essential Questions
     Why is it necessary to maintain and follow safety procedures in a science
       laboratory?
     How scientific tools are used in the Anatomy and Physiology studies?
     How can the student report and communicate the findings achieved in a         Curriculum Infusion                                              Levels of Instruction
       laboratory investigation?
     How have technology tools enabled scientists to transcend the surface
       barrier of the cell?
     How are cells and tissue related?
     How intricately designed is a cell?
     How delicate is the cell?




                                                                                                                                                               Comprehension
                                                                                                                     Interdisciplinar
                                                                                                        Technology




                                                                                                                                                                               Application
                                                                                                                                                   Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Evaluation
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Synthesis
                                                                                  Extended


                                                                                             Modified




                                                                                                                                                                                             Analysis
                                                                                                         Infusion




                                                                                                                                        Infusion
                                                                                                                         y Study
                                                                                                                                         Career
            Objectives                    Suggested Activities/Strategies
Describe several disorders            Student will use the computer to research
associated with the cells.            cellular disorders and prepare a                                     X                                                    X                                        X
                                      presentation




New Brunswick Public Schools
Revised 1/2011                                                          3 of 9                                                                                                                      2007/2008
Course: Anatomy and Physiology
________________________________________________________________________________________

                             UNIT: SKELETAL SYSTEM
                                Essential Questions
       What is the physiological mechanisms of the skeletal system
                                                                                            Curriculum Infusion                                               Levels of Instruction
       How are the joints associated with the human skeleton?
       How can the structure of the long bone be differentiated??
       How can the skeletal system be negatively affected?




                                                                                                                                                                         Comprehension
                                                                                                                              Interdisciplinary
                                                                                                                 Technology




                                                                                                                                                             Knowledge



                                                                                                                                                                                         Application




                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Evaluation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Synthesis
                                                                                           Extended

                                                                                                      Modified




                                                                                                                                                                                                       Analysis
                                                                                                                  Infusion




                                                                                                                                                  Infusion
                                                                                                                                                   Career
                                                                                                                                   Study
              Objectives                       Suggested Activities/Strategies

Identify the components of the         Students will observe a model skeletal and
skeletal system.                       compare with computer pictures and
                                       diagnostic diagrams.
                                               They will complete an unlabeled
                                                   Diagram of a skeleton.
                                                                                                                   X                                                     X                             X
                                               Analyze and name the function of
                                                  various types of bones;
                                               Draw and label a bone, identifying
                                                   internal and external structure and
                                                   function.

Identify the major skeletal joints.    Using a skeleton model, the students will
                                       observe and label diagram of the joints of the                              X                                                     X                             X
                                       human skeleton.

Analyze the structure of the long      Students will construct labeled cut-away
bone.                                  models of a long bone using plastic wrap
                                       (eriostemon), clay (compact bone), sponge                                                                                         X                             X
                                       (spongy bones) and petroleum jelly (yellow
                                       marrow).

Analyze disorders associated with      Select 5 bone diseases and/or infections,
the human skeleton system              describe the vector for the disease or infection,                           X                                                     X                             X
                                       and explain the effect on the human organism.


New Brunswick Public Schools
Revised 1/2011                                                             4 of 9                                                                                                                             2007/2008
Course: Anatomy and Physiology
________________________________________________________________________________________
                          UNIT: SKELETAL SYSTEM
                             Essential Questions
       What is the physiological mechanisms of the skeletal system
                                                                                  Curriculum Infusion                                               Levels of Instruction
       How are the joints associated with the human skeleton?
       How can the structure of the long bone be differentiated??
       How can the skeletal system be negatively affected?




                                                                                                                                                               Comprehension
                                                                                                                    Interdisciplinary
                                                                                                       Technology




                                                                                                                                                   Knowledge



                                                                                                                                                                               Application




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Evaluation
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Synthesis
                                                                                 Extended

                                                                                            Modified




                                                                                                                                                                                             Analysis
                                                                                                        Infusion




                                                                                                                                        Infusion
                                                                                                                                         Career
                                                                                                                         Study
             Objectives                       Suggested Activities/Strategies




New Brunswick Public Schools
Revised 1/2011                                                          5 of 9                                                                                                                      2007/2008
Course: Anatomy and Physiology
________________________________________________________________________________________

                       UNIT: DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
                          Essential Questions
           How do the various components of the digestive system relate                  Curriculum Infusion                                                Levels of Instruction
            to each other?
           What is the role of enzymes in the digestive system?
           How can the digestive system be negatively affected?




                                                                                                                                                                       Comprehension
                                                                                                                             Interdisciplinar
                                                                                                                Technology




                                                                                                                                                                                       Application
                                                                                                                                                           Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Evaluation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Synthesis
                                                                                          Extended


                                                                                                     Modified




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Analysis
                                                                                                                 Infusion




                                                                                                                                                Infusion
                                                                                                                                 y Study
                                                                                                                                                 Career
            Objectives                  Suggested Activities/Strategies

Construct the anatomical               Design a visual model representing digestive
components of the digestive system.    structures and functions, including the                                                                                          X                             X          X
                                       function of four enzymes.

Analyze the effect of enzymes of the   Trace, from the mouth to an intestinal
digestive tract.                       (columnar) cell, the digestion of fats (lipids),
                                                                                                                                                                        X                             X          X
                                       carbohydrates and protein in a MacDonald
                                       Happy Meal™

Analyze disorders associated with      Research on the internet 5 digestive
the digestive system.                  diseases and/or infections, describe the
                                       vector for the disease and/or infections, and                               X                              X                     X                             X
                                       explain the effect(s) on the human
                                       organisms.




New Brunswick Public Schools
Revised 1/2011                                                               6 of 9                                                                                                                         2007/2008
Course: Anatomy and Physiology
________________________________________________________________________________________

                       UNIT: CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
                            Essential Questions
How does the heart relate to the major vessels of the circulatory system?
How are the left and right chambers of the heart structurally different in their          Curriculum Infusion                                               Levels of Instruction
management of the flow of blood??
How the function of the circulatory can compromised negatively?




                                                                                                                                                                       Comprehension
                                                                                                                            Interdisciplinary
                                                                                                               Technology




                                                                                                                                                           Knowledge



                                                                                                                                                                                       Application




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Evaluation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Synthesis
                                                                                         Extended

                                                                                                    Modified




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Analysis
                                                                                                                Infusion




                                                                                                                                                Infusion
                                                                                                                                                 Career
                                                                                                                                 Study
              Objectives                         Suggested Activities/Strategies


Illustrate and describe the location,     Diagram the heart and identify, the
structure and the function of the         chambers, major blood vessels, and heart                                                                                     X                             X
heart.                                    valves

Compare and contrast the structure        Employ the use of computer animation to
and function of the right and left        trace the flow of blood through the chambers
                                                                                                                 X                                                     X                             X
chambers of the heart as they relate      of the heart.
to the flow of blood.

Analyze the disorders associated          Research on the internet 5 circulatory
with the circulatory system.              diseases (and/or infections), research and
                                          describe the vector, for the disease or                                X                                                     X                             X
                                          infection, and explain the effect on the
                                          human organism.




New Brunswick Public Schools
Revised 1/2011                                                                 7 of 9                                                                                                                       2007/2008
Course: Anatomy and Physiology
________________________________________________________________________________________

                       UNIT: RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
                           Essential Questions
       How can the lungs keep the body supplied with a continuous source of
        oxygen?                                                                            Curriculum Infusion                                              Levels of Instruction
       How do our reflexes regulate respiration?
       How does the internal and external respiration mechanism function in the
        respiratory system?
       How does the respiratory system respond to negative influences?




                                                                                                                                                                      Comprehension
                                                                                                                            Interdisciplinar
                                                                                                               Technology




                                                                                                                                                                                      Application
                                                                                                                                                          Knowledge




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Evaluation
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Synthesis
                                                                                         Extended


                                                                                                    Modified




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Analysis
                                                                                                                Infusion




                                                                                                                                               Infusion
                                                                                                                                y Study
                                                                                                                                                Career
            Objectives                    Suggested Activities/Strategies

Analyze how the lungs operate with       Students will analyze a video on the
the blood to supply the body with        respiratory system and develop a diagram of
oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide.     how the respiratory system transports                                                                                         X                             X                     X
                                         oxygen into the body and carbon dioxide out
                                         of the body

Recognize reflexes and identify their    Complete internet research and develop a
function(s) to regulate respiration in   chart illustrating the role of reflexes in                               X                                                    X                             X                     X
the body.                                helping to regulate respiration.

Compare and contrast between             Create a Venn Diagram that compares and
internal and external respiration.       contrast internal and external respiration                               X                                                    X                             X                     X


Analyze diseases associated with the     Research the internet for 5 diseases and/or
respiratory system and describe the      infections of the respiratory system,
vectors/infection responsible.           complete research, describe the vector                                   X                                                    X                             X                     X
                                         causing the disease or infection, and explain
                                         the effect on the human organism.




New Brunswick Public Schools
Revised 1/2011                                                              8 of 9                                                                                                                         2007/2008
Course: Anatomy and Physiology
________________________________________________________________________________________

                           UNIT: PIGLET DISSECTION
                              Essential Questions
       How do the various organs of the digestive system of the piglet compare to
        the organs of the human organism?                                                            Curriculum Infusion                                                   Levels of Instruction
       How does the heart compare to the human’s heart?
       How different are the lungs of piglet compared to the human organism?
       How is the intestinal tract organized in the piglet?
       How distinguishable is the piglet’s skeleton as compared to the human?




                                                                                                                                                                             Comprehension
                                                                                                                                Interdisciplinary
                                                                                                                   Technology




                                                                                                                                                               Knowledge



                                                                                                                                                                                             Application




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Evaluation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Synthesis
                                                                                          Extended

                                                                                                        Modified




                                                                                                                                                                                                           Analysis
                                                                                                                    Infusion




                                                                                                                                                    Infusion
                                                                                                                                                     Career
                                                                                                                                     Study
              Objectives                       Suggested Activities/Strategies

Analyze the internal organization,             Review safety and careful handling
structure, function of the following            of specific tools when dissecting and
                                                                                                                     X                                                       X                             X                      X
systems in the piglet, and                      careful handling of prepared
compare/contrast to that of the                 specimens.
human organism: digestive,                     Dissect and label specific organs of
circulatory, respiratory, and skeletal          each of the following systems:
systems.                                        digestive, circulatory, respiratory and
                                                skeletal.
                                               Complete diagrams associated with
                                                dissections.
                                               Complete lab write up                                                X                                                       X                             X                      X
                                               Groups will make oral presentations
                                                of assigned organs and/or a specific
                                                system in the form of a Power Point
                                                presentation.
                                               All students will submit a hard copy
                                                of lab write up




New Brunswick Public Schools
Revised 1/2011                                                              9 of 9                                                                                                                                2007/2008

								
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