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Introduction to Central Europe and Northern Eurasia

VIEWS: 54 PAGES: 10

									Central Europe and Northern Eurasia

                 Chapter 18
         Introduction and Overview
            Skillbuilder
 The map of Central Europe and
 Northern Eurasia has been redrawn
 many times. What factors have changed
 the area’s political boundaries. (for
 example, the fall of communism, ethnic
 strife, civil wars, etc…)
            I. Historical Overview
 A. Migrations and              B. The Growth of
 Religious Diversity              Empires
   1. Huns and Avars invade,    1. Large empires emerge
    Slavs move East                a. Poland & Lithuania
   2. Roman Catholic              b. Ottoman
    missionaries convert
                                   c. Austrian Hapsburg
    Russians
                                 2. Russian empire
   3. Islam brought to the
    Caucasus                      extended from Baltic and
                                  Black seas to the Pacific
                                  Ocean
          Historical Overview cont.
 C.    Political Change
   1. World War I
     a. Ottoman Empire collapsed
     b. Formation of nation states increased
     c. Formation of Soviet Empire=communism
   2. World War II
     a. Hitler invades European countries
     b. Soviet control of Eastern Europe
     c. Holocaust
   3. Soviet Union dissolved
     a. Countries of Soviet Union revolted
     b. 1991 Russia broke into 13 smaller countries
       II. Physical Characteristics
 A.   Land is flat in west, higher in the south and east
 B.   Eurasia=referred to as one continent
 C.   The Danube River
   1. Second longest in Europe
   2. Flows eastward from Germany to the Black Sea
 D.   Lake Baikal
   1. Siberia
   2. World’s largest and deepest freshwater lake
   3. 20% of all freshwater in the world
                         III. Climates
 A.    Variety of climates
   1. tundra=
   2. subarctic=
   3. humid Continental Climate =
 B.    Winter on the Neva
   1. River runs through St.Petersburg
   2. Ice fishing
 C.    Black Sea Resort
   1. inland sea= a sea almost completely surrounded by land
   2. warm summers
   3. strong winter storms
 D.    Comparing Climate Zones
   1. mild Mediterranean to frigid tundra
   2. coldest winters except for antarctica
                    IV. Ecosystems
 A.   Variety of ecosystems
   1. tundra=
   2. taiga=
   3. steppe=
 B.   Forest Ecosystem
   1. Bialowieza Park
     a. Poland
     b. Covered much of Europe in 8000 B.C.
   2. mixed forest=predominant ecosystem in Poland
 C.   Grassland Ecosystem
   1. Ukraine and Southern Russia
   2. fertile soil
 D.   Tundra
   1. Northern Eurasia
   2. polar conditions
             V. People and Culture
 A.   Movement
   1. easy
   2. multiethnic=
 B.   Orthodox Christianity
   1. Central Europe
   2. democracy has given freedom of religion
 C.   Estonian Culture
   1. dozens of ethnic groups
   2. ethnic group=
 D.   Urban Life
   1. traditional architecture
   2. modern business
       VI. Economics, Technology, and
                Environment
 A.   communism to capitalism
   1. communist economy=
   2. capitalist economy=
 B.   Women in the Work Force
   1. many men died in WW II
   2. women 50% of workforce
 C. Baltic Port
   1. Vyborg
   2. important to have ports open during winter
 D.   Acid Rain=
Comparing Health Care

								
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