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Strategy

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									                                      Comprehension Strategy Explanations
                                    Procedural Knowledge                  Sample Teacher Talk

                                1. Look for clues in the words     Good readers predict before and
                                   and pictures.                   during reading. Here I see a picture
      Predicting

                                2. Think about what they           of a _______. I know that _______.
                                   already know about the topic.   Because of both what I see and
                                3. On the basis of prior           what I know, I predict that this story
                                   knowledge, predict what they    will be about _______.
                                   think will happen.
                                1. Keep the original prediction    I predicted that _____. So far, that
      Monitoring, Questioning




                                   in mind.                        might be right because the text says
        and Repredicting




                                2. Keep asking whether that        ______.
                                   prediction continues to make
                                   sense in light of new           I predicted that _____. That must
                                   information from the text.      not be true because the text says
                                3. Use new information in the      ______. My new prediction is
                                   text and prior knowledge        _______.
                                   about that information to
                                   make new predictions.
                                Identify descriptive words the     Good readers make pictures in their
                                author is using.                   minds to help them to understand. I
      Visualizing




                                1. Use prior knowledge about       know that this story takes place
                                   those words and about the       _______. I know that setting would
                                   world to create a visual        have _______. The author uses the
                                   image.                          words ____ and _____. In my mind
                                                                   I am visualizing _____________.
                                1. Note the clues embedded in      The author tells us that this
                                   the text.                       character is ________. Because of
                                2. Access their own experience     my own experience, I know that
      Inferring




                                   regarding the clues.            _________. Therefore, I think the
                                3. Make inferences about the       character is _______.
                                   implied meaning based on
                                   experience and the clues the
                                   author provides.




Adapted from Walpole, S., & McKenna, M. C. (in press). Differentiated reading instruction for
      small groups: Supporting struggling readers in grades K-3. New York: Guilford Press.
                          1. Put yourself in the author’s     The author has given me a whole lot
                             place.                           of facts about _____ and about

      Finding the Main
                          2. Examine words and phrases        _____. Some of them are the same
                             for clues to what is important   and some are different. I think that
            Idea
                             to the author.                   the main idea here is that ______
                          3. Ask questions about what, in     are similar to ____ in some ways
                             their experience, the clues      and different in other ways.
                             combined seem to say about
                             what the author values.
                          1. Know the parts of a story.       I can use what I know about stories
                          2. Review the book to identify      to retell this one very simply. I
      Retelling a Story




                             the story information            don’t tell everything. I think about
                             provided at the beginning, in    what the author usually does in the
                             the middle, and at the end.      beginning, the middle, and the end.
                                                              This story is set ____. The main
                                                              characters are ______. The
                                                              problem in the story is _____. The
                                                              characters solve the problem by
                                                              _____.
                          1. Think about the content of       When I want to think about two
                             each text.                       stories at once, I have to decide how
                          2. Decide how they are alike        they are alike and different. I first
      Synthesizing




                             and different.                   think about how they were alike. In
                          3. Use experience about the         our stories, they were alike because
                             common elements to create a      _______. Then I think about how
                             synthesis.                       they were different. Our stories
                                                              were different because ______.
                                                              Together, then, I can synthesize
                                                              information from the stories to say
                                                              that ___________.




Adapted from Walpole, S., & McKenna, M. C. (in press). Differentiated reading instruction for
      small groups: Supporting struggling readers in grades K-3. New York: Guilford Press.

								
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