European Imperialism in Africa and Asia Have you ever witnessed a situation when someone bullied someone else? Who did the bully choose to pick on? What did they want? Were they able to get it? How? What is “Imperialism”? A strong country dominates the political, economic, or cultural life of a weaker country. This is similar to a “bully” situation. • Stronger nation = bully • Weaker nation = victim Who is Involved? European nations will begin to take over parts of Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Great Britain France Germany Japan Russia Italy Reasons for Imperialism Nationalism! • Pride and devotion to one’s country or region. • Strong countries thought their nations would appear even STRONGER if they took over other countries. Social Darwinism • Regular Darwinism = survival of the fittest (science) • Social Darwinism = it is natural for strong countries to dominate weaker ones. More Causes of Imperialism Make money!!!! • Obtain natural resources (e.g. spices, oil) to supply factories. Factories had grown large during the Industrial Revolution. Nations needed new sources to fuel these factories. • New markets The more places you have to sell goods, the more money you will make White Man’s Burden Poem written by Rudyard Kipling about imperialism. What is a “burden”? Who do you think the “white man” is? Part of “White Man’s Burden” Kipling’s Version: Easier-to-Read Version: Take up the White Man's burden-- Take up the European’s Send forth the best ye responsibility- breed-- Send out the best men Go bind your sons to you have - exile To serve your captives' Go force your sons to need; go To wait in heavy harness, To serve your On fluttered folk and prisoners' needs; wild-- To take care of, Your new-caught, sullen On fluttered folk and peoples, wild-- Half-devil and half-child. Your new-caught, angry peoples, Half-devil and half- child. More of “White Man’s Burden” Kipling’s Version: Easier-to-Read Version: Take up the White Man's Take up the White Man's burden-- burden-- The savage wars of peace-- The violent wars of peace-- Fill full the mouth of Famine Feed the hungry native people And bid the sickness cease; And make them healthy; And when your goal is nearest And when your have almost The end for others sought, reached your goals Watch sloth and heathen Folly And others are still trying, Bring all your hopes to Watch laziness and stupidity (of nought. the natives) . Cancel out everything you did for them. White Man’s Burden How does this poem depict the native people of Africa, Asia, and the Americas? What does the poem say is the Europeans’ responsibility? Europeans would use this poem to justify taking over parts of Africa, Asia, and the Americas. European Takeover It was not difficult for European countries to take over parts of Africa and Asia. European nations had better technology that the Africans and Asians, so they were unable to resist the Europeans. • Stronger armies • Better and more effective weapons. Europe takes over Africa Which two countries took over the most land? Circle the only independent area in Africa. How do you think the Europeans will be able to keep control over these area? Europe Takes Over Asia -Which European country took over the most land in Asia? -Why do you think there was so much more independent land in Asia than in Africa? -How is the geography of Asia different from Africa? European Efforts European nations would spread western ideas like Religion (mostly Catholic) Education Clothing styles English language Europeans thought they were doing the native people a huge service as they tried to make them just like Europeans. • Would the natives necessarily want this? Why or why not? Effects of Imperialism European nations take over parts of Africa and Asia. Western ideas spread to these areas and natives lost traditions. Transportation, education, and medical care in colonies did improve. Many economies relied on a single cash crop (like tobacco). • Why is it bad to rely on one crop only? Political Cartoon Practice! Who is in the cartoon? Is the cartoonist for or against imperialism? What are some improvements that have been made? Political Cartoon Practice! Who is in this cartoon? What is the U.S. trying to do? Does the African want to go? Review What parts of the world did Europe colonize? Why did Europe want to take over these areas? Think About It!! How was imperialism negative for Africa and Asia? How was imperialism positive?
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