NIGERIA�S INVESTMENT CLIMATE AND OPPORTUNITIES ???? by lRthJ5gU

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									NIGERIA’S INVESTMENT
CLIMATE AND OPPORTUNITIES
尼日利亚的投资环境与投资机遇


A PRESENTATION OF
THE EMBASSY OF NIGERIA
BEIJING
尼日利亚驻华使馆


                            1
Presentation Outline /纲要
     Structure of the Nigerian Economy
      尼日利亚的经济结构
     Drivers of the Nigerian Economy
      尼日利亚经济的发展动力
     Economic Targets
      经济发展目标
     Nigeria’s Competitiveness
      尼日利亚的竞争力
     Anti Corruption Measures
      反腐举措
     The Nigerian Business Environment
      尼日利亚的经营环境
     Basic Investment Legislation
      投资相关的基本立法
     Investment Opportunities
      投资机遇
     Conclusion /总结                      2
     WORLD MAP SHOWING NIGERIA
AND CHINA 世界地图(显示尼日利亚和中国)




                                 3
MAP OF AFRICA SHOWING NIGERIA
非洲地图(显示尼日利亚)




                                4
NIGERIA – PROFILE: GOOD PEOPLE GREAT NATION
      尼日利亚 – 概览        勤劳的人民伟大的民族
Official Name             - Federal Republic of Nigeria
官方名称                      - 尼日利亚联邦共和国
Location                  - West Africa, Africa
地理位置                      - 非洲西非
Government                - Democratic since 1999
政体                        - 自1999年以来为民主制
Land Area                 - 923,768 sq km
国土面积                      - 923,768平方公里
Population                - 146,255,312 (2006 Census)
人口                        - 146,255,312 (2006统计数据)
Official Language         - English
官方语言                      - 英语
Capital City              - Abuja
首都                        - 阿布贾
Currency                  - Naira (N)
货币                        - 奈拉(N)
International Time Zone   - +1GMT
国际时区                      - +1GMT                         5
    STRUCTURE OF THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY
                      尼日利亚的经济结构
•   Capital-intensive oil sector /资本集中的石油部门
    – 95% of foreign exchange earnings, and
    – about 80% of budgetary revenues
      占外汇收入的95% 和预算收入的80%
•   The Non-oil sector /非石油部门
    – Major contributors of the non-oil activities are
    – 非石油部门的行业主要包括
        •   Services /服务业
             – Moderately driven by technology /科技驱动

             – Private sector-led /私营导向

             – Telecommunications industry with growth rate between 26

               – 29% per annum /电讯业的年均增长率达26 – 29%
        •   Agriculture sector /农业
             – employs 66% of workforce /集中了66%的劳动力                      6
             – highly subsistence farming system /高度自给的农耕系统
           ECONOMIC INDICES /经济指标
GDP Growth Rate             -   6.2% (2007) and estimated 6.8% (2008)
GDP 增速                      -      6.2% (2007) 预计6.8% (2008)
Sector Contribution /行业贡献
  Oil & Gas /石油天然气         -          23.7% (2007)
  Agriculture /农业          -          42.2% (2007)
  Industry /工业             -          19.4% (2007)
  Services /服务业            -          16.1% (2007)
  Utilities /公共事业          -          3.5% (2007)
  Transport /交通            -          2.7% (2007)
  Finance & Insurance /金融保险-          3.8% (2007)
  Inflation Rate /通货膨胀率    -          15.1% (2007)
  Purchasing Power Parity  -          US$294billion (2008)
  购买力指数
  Foreign Reserve /外汇储备     -         US$42billion (18 Feb. 2010)   7

  Source: CBN, Abuja/来源: CBN 阿布贾
        REAL GDP GROWTH RATE (%)
              GDP 实际增速(%)
                2000 - 2008


12.00
                    10.60


10.00



 8.00                                                   2000
                                                 6.60
                                                        2004
                                6.00     6.20
                                                        2006
             5.30
 6.00                                                   2007
                                                        2008

 4.00



 2.00



            2000    2004        2006     2007   2008
 0.00
                                                               8
                       Real GDP Growth


Source: CBN, Abuja /来源: CBN,阿布贾
        DRIVERS OF THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY
                尼日利亚经济的发展动力
•   Rule of Law /法规健全
     – anchored on Good Governance, Transparency, Accountability, Zero-
     Tolerance for Corruption
     优良的执政能力,政府工作透明公开,采取问责制,对腐败行为零容忍。
•   Empowerment of the Private Sector /赋予私营部门更多权利
     – Public Private Partnership (PPP) initiatives /倡导公私合作 (PPP)
•   Commitment to creating Enabling Business Environment
    致力于营造良好的经营环境
     – Port and Customs reform /港口和海关改革
     – Infrastructure Concessioning and regulation /基础设施特许经营和监管
     – Land Use reform /改革土地使用制度
     – Financial and Insurance sector reform /改革金融和保险业
     – Business Entry procedures /简化经营准入流程
     – The Civil Service reform /公共服务改革
     – The sustenance of the Image Project /完善政府形象计划
     – Amnesty Programme of Rehabilitation and Re-integration in the Niger
       Delta Region /尼日尔三角洲的复兴和重整计划
   Low External Debt /外债比例低                                            9
     ― US$38billion (2006) /US$380亿 (2006)
     ― US$3.94billion (31st Dec. 2009) / US$39.4亿 (2009年12月31日)
               ECONOMIC TARGET /经济发展目标
•   The 7-Point Agenda targets the following
    –   Proactively maintain competitive macro economic indices
        着力保持有竞争力的宏观经济指标
        • Single digit inflation rate /个位数的通胀率
        • Average GDP growth rate of 7% >10% >12%, 2009-2011-2015

                         GDP 平均增速 7% >10% >12%, 2009-2011-2015
        • Ensure stable exchange rate against major currencies

          (currently $1 = N150±)
        保持对重要货币的汇率稳定(现在$1 = N150±)
    –   Building and expanding economic infrastructure
        建设并扩大经济发展所需的基础设施
        •   Generate 10,000 MW by end of 2010
            至2010年底发电量达10,000 MW
        •   Increase rural infrastructure by 40% /农村基础设施扩建40%
    –   Increase the GDP of agriculture sector by 15% to remove parity
        with GDP and assure Food Security                             10
        将农业部门在GDP中的比重提高15%,消除GDP的不均衡,确保粮食
        安全
NIGERIA: 19TH RECIPIENT OF GLOBAL FDI INFLOW 2007-2008
                (BILLIONS OF DOLLARS)
   尼日利亚: 2007-2008 年度 FDI 流入量居全球第19位(10亿美元)
       Uni ted States                                                                                                       316
                                                                                                                271

              Fr ance                                                           118
                                                                                            158

               Chi na                                                         108
                                                                   84

     Uni ted Ki ngdom                                                    97
                                                                                                  183

 Russi an Feder ati on                                        70
                                                        55

                S n
                 pai                                         66
                                        28

                                                             63
    Hon Kong, Chi na                                   54

             Bel gi um                                   60
                                                                              111

            Ausr al i a                            47
                                                  44

              Br azi l                            45
                                             35                                                                                         2008

             Canada                               45                                                                                    2007
                                                                              108

                                                  44
             Sweden                22

                Indi a                        42
                                    25

        Saudi Ar abi a                       38
                                   24

            Ger many                25
                                                        56

               Japan               24
                                   23

                                   23
            i
           S ngapor e                    32

             Mexi co               22
                                     27

             Ni ger i a            20
                              12

             Tur key           18
                                22                                                                                                        11
                          0                       50                    100           150           200   250         300         350
NIGERIA: TOP 10 RECIPIENTS OF FDI INFLOW IN AFRICA, 2007-2008
              (BILLIONS OF DOLLARS) – UNCTAD
      尼日利亚: 2007-2008 年度 FDI 流入量居非洲前10(10亿美元)
                         - UNCTAD

    25
          20
    20
               16
    15
         12         12                                            2007
               10
    10               9       9                                    2008
                         6
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                                                                         12
     by
   Li
Nigeria’s Output Growth versus Peer Countries
Average 2000 – 2008 (%)
2000 – 2008 尼日利亚对多国出口的平均增速 (%)




                                                13
THE REAL GDP GROWTH RATE CONSISTENCY OF
NIGERIA WITH SELECTED COUNTRIES (2006-2009)
尼日利亚与多个国家GDP实际增速的连续性对比 (2006-2009)
    14



    12



    10



     8
                                                                                          2006

     6                                                                                    2007
                                                                                          2008
                                                                                          2009'
     4



     2



     0
          Nigeria   South Africa   Ghana   Cote dÍvoire   Tunisia   Ethiopia   Cameroon

    -2
                                                                                                  14
2009’ Data projection /2009’ 年度数据
 Sources: CBN, SA Reserve Bank, World Economic Report (2008)
 来源:CBN,SA储备银行,国际经济报告 (2008)
     THE NIGERIAN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
               尼日利亚的经营环境
Achievements /成就:
o Macroeconomic and political stability;
  宏观经济和政治环境稳定
o Public fiscal management, and creditworthiness
  公共财政管理有序,可靠
o Growth in Non-Oil Exports: $1.8b and $1.9b in 2007 and 2008;
$900m realized in the first 9 months of 2009
  非石油部门出口增长:2007年2008年分别为$18亿和$19 亿,2009年前9
个月已实现$9亿。
o Rule of Law; Legal and regulatory frameworks
  法规健全,立法和执法框架完善
o Amnesty Programme of Rehabilitation and Re-integration in
the Niger Delta Region
  尼日尔三角洲的振兴和重整计划
o Commitment to Reforms; Pro-Private sector, investor-friendly
                                                             15
policies
 坚持改革;支持私营部门,贯彻投资者友好政策
 LIST OF 25 RISKIEST OFFSHORING LOCATIONS BY BROWN WILSON
GROUP – WORLD’S LEADING OUTSOURCING ADVISORY BROWN ILSON
      集团公布的25个最危险离岸地 –全球知名外包服务咨询服务供应商

   Bogota - Columbia                          Juarez    - Mexico /华雷斯 - 墨西哥
    波哥大 - 哥伦比亚                                 Brasilia - Brazil /巴西利亚 - 巴西
   Bangkok- Thailand /曼谷 - 泰国                 Chandigarh    - India
   J/burg     - South Africa                   昌迪加尔印度
    约翰内斯堡 – 南非                                 Colombo    - Sri Lanka /科伦坡 - 斯里兰卡
   K/Lumpur       - Malaysia                  Ho Chi Minh City- Vietnam
    吉隆坡,马来西亚                                    胡志明市,越南
   Kingston       - Jamaica /金斯顿 - 牙买加        Quezon City - Philippines
   Delhi/Nolda - India /德里- 印度                 奎松城 - 菲律宾
   Manila/Cebu - Philippines                  Accra      - Ghana / 阿克拉 - 加纳
    马尼拉/宿雾 - 菲律宾                               Pune       - India / 浦那 - 印度
   Rio de Janeiro – Brazil /里约热内卢 - 巴西        Chennai   - India / 金奈 - 印度
   Mumbai           - India /孟买 - 印度          Hanoi      - Vietnam / 河内 - 越南
   Jerusalem        - Israel /耶路撒冷 - 以色列      Bangalore - India /班加罗尔 - 印度
   Curitiba         - Brazil /库里提巴 - 巴西       Hyderabad – India /海得拉巴 - 印度 16
   Dalian           - China /大连 - 中国          Kolkata    - India /加尔各答 - 印度
    ANTI-CORRUPTION MEASURES BY
     THE GOVERNMENT OF NIGERIA
          尼日利亚政府的反腐举措
• Enhanced pay packages for public officers and the
private sector
 提高公务员和私营部门人员的工资水平
• Introduction of the Mortgage Finance Scheme
  引入金融信贷方案
•Contributory Pension Scheme with the introduction
of the Pension Reform Act (PRA) 2004 , ensures that
every worker receives his/her retirement benefits as
and when due.
2004年实施养老金改革法(PRA),建立养老金制度,确
保每个工人退休时可以得到完善的保障。
                                                       17
   ANTI-CORRUPTION MEASURES BY THE
    GOVERNMENT OF NIGERIA …cont’d
         尼日利亚政府的反腐举措 …续

•Introduction of the National Health Insurance Scheme
(NHIS) to facilitate fair-financing of healthcare costs through
pooling and judicious utilization of financial resources.
建立全民健康保险制度(NIIS),通过集中管理财政资源,
实现公平的医疗费用融资方式。

• Introduction of Consumer Credit Schemes
   建立消费者信用制度

• Creation of Independent Corrupt Practices Commission
(ICPC), Economic and Financial Crimes Commission
(EFCC), Code of Conduct Bureau (CoCBureau)建立独立的
腐败行为管理 委员会(ICPC),经济金融犯罪管理委员会                                      18
(EFCC),违规行为监察局( CoCBureau )
         THE NIGERIAN BUSINESS
             ENVIRONMENT
             尼日利亚的经营环境
Challenges/挑战:
 Widening Income Gaps and Wealth Distribution,
  aggravated by: Dependence on Oil Exports, which
  finance Overdependence on Imports
 收入差距和财富分配不平衡加剧:依赖石油出口,融资
 过度依赖进口

 High cost of Infrastructure = retardation of
  competitiveness of business, promotes poverty
  基础设施成本过高= 企业竞争力低下,进一步促进贫困
  产生                                                19
         THE NIGERIAN BUSINESS
          ENVIRONMENT ... Cont’d
           尼日利亚的经营环境 …续
 Completion of sector regulatory agenda (several
  bills to be passed)
  行业调整完毕(通过多项法案)

 Rapid scaling-up of Capacity, especially in PPP
  management
  产能迅速扩大,在PPP管理方面成效明显

 Increase in long-term funding for infrastructure
  investments
                                                     20
  基础设施投资的长期融资快速增长
        BASIC INVESTMENT LEGISLATIONS
                   基本投资法规
•   The Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission Act 16
    of 1995;
    1995年的尼日利亚投资促进委员会法案16
    –   Investment Protection Guarantees /投资保障
        –   Non-expropriation of Investment: The NIPC Act No. 16 of
            1995 guarantees that ‘no enterprise shall be nationalized or
            expropriated by any government of the federation’.
            非征用投资:1995年的NIPC法案16规定“企业不被国有化,企业也不
            得被任何政府征用”。

        –   100% ownership of investments in any sector (except ones listed
            in the ‘negative list’) irrespective of nationality
            任何国籍的投资者投资任何部门都享有100%所有权(负面名单上的
            除外)。

           Guarantee of unconditional transferability/repatriation of funds
            through an authorized dealer, in freely convertible currency
                                                                               21
            保证无条件通过指定经销商转移/汇回资金,自由兑换货币
BASIC INVESTMENT LEGISLATIONS… cont’d
            基本投资法规… 续

•   The Foreign Exchange (Monitoring & Miscellaneous
    Provisions) Act 17 of 1995
    1995年的外汇(监管和相关事务规定)法案17
    –   Repatriation of Profits /利润汇回
        –   Under the Act 17 of 1995, investors are free to repatriate
            their profits and dividends net of taxes through any
            authorized dealer in freely convertible currencies.
            根据1995年的法案17,投资者可将其利润和税后股息通过指
            定经销商以自由兑换汇率汇回。


•   There are other sector specific regulatory legislations.
    还包括针对其他部门的具体监管法规。
                                                                         22
        INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES
                 投资机遇
 Investment Opportunities exist in all sectors of
  the economy, especially:
 在各个经济领域都存在大量投资机遇,重点请关注:

       Power/Energy / 电力/能源
     Oil & Gas (extractive and non-extractive)
     石油天然气 (开采和未开采)

       Agriculture & Agro Allied /农业和农业联盟
       Real Estate Development /房地产开发
       Maritime, Shipping and Ports /航运、造船和港口
       Solid Minerals / 固体矿产                        23
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES…cont’d
          投资机遇…续
    Banking & Financial services /银行和金融服务

    Tourism / Hospitality /旅游/酒店

    Manufacturing /制造业

    Pharmaceuticals and Health services
     药品和医疗服务

    Information & Communication Technology (ICT)
      信息与通信技术(ICT)

    Industrial Parks and Clusters as landing platform 24
      工业园区和集散平台
    INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES: POWER
              投资机遇:电力
   Privatization/Concessioning of Generation &
    Distribution companies
    私有/特许经营企业发电/配电
   Expansion of the transmission grid by increasing
    wheeling capacity to 16,000mw
    输电网容量扩充至16,000mw
   Expansion of Gas Transmission Infrastructure
    扩大天然气输送的基础设施建设
   Rehabilitation of existing plants (Thermal, Hydro
    etc)
    现有厂区的恢复重建(火电,水电)
   Completion of NIPP Projects: Transmission,
    Generation, Distribution & Gas Pipelines estimated   25
    at $3billion
    完成NIPP项目:总金额预计为30亿美金的发电/输电/配
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES: TRANSPORTATION
                投资机遇:交通
 Road /道路:
  Construction of Major Bridges on BOT
   以BOT方式建设主要桥梁
  PPPof Major Highways on Design, Build,
  Maintain, Operate and Transfer (DBMOT) of
  Major economical viable routes
  主要公路以PPP方式设计、建造、维护、 运
  营 ,主要经济可行线路的移交(DBMOT)
      Asset Management of Some Core
  Total
  Network核心干线网络的资产管理
      and Asphalt Plants
  Quarries
                                              26
  采石和沥青加工
         INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES:
              TRANSPORTATION
                   投资机遇:交通
Aviation /航空:
   Airport Terminal Concessions and Terminal Development
    on BOT
    以BOT方式建设机场航站楼和终端设施
   Runway Construction and Rehabilitation
    跑道建设与恢复修整
   Aircraft Maintenance Facilities
    飞机维护
   Aviation Security and Safety Infrastructure
    航空保安和安全基础设施
   Aviation Security and Safety Training
    航空保安和安全培训
   Integrated Airport Transportation System
    机场综合运输系统
                                                            27
   In-Flight Catering Services and Infrastructure
    飞行途中的餐饮服务和基础设施
      INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES:
           TRANSPORTATION
             投资机遇:交通
Railway /铁路:
 Right of Way Concession
  铁路特许经营权
 Passenger Coaches
  客运列车
 Station building and operations
  车站建设和运营
 Branded Cargo lines (e.g. for oil companies, flour mills
  steel companies, cement companies etc
  专用货运线路(例如,用于石油、面粉、钢铁、水泥等企
  业)
 New Track Construction from Narrow Gauge to
  Standard on BOT Basis
  以BOT方式改造窄轨,铺设新轨道                                           28
 Inter-modal facilities (Road/Rail/Sea Port)
  多种运输模式联营(公路/铁路/海港)
          INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES:
               TRANSPORTATION
                 投资机遇:交通
Maritime and Ports /海运和港口:
   Greenfield Port Development (Lagos, Port Harcourt and Warri)
    格林菲尔德港口开发(拉各斯,哈科特港和瓦里)
   Water Front Development/Inter-modal Jetties (Lagos and Calabar)
    滨水开发/多功能码头(拉各斯和卡拉巴尔)
   Port Infrastructure Expansion and Renewal
    港口基础设施的扩建与更新
   Dredging and Channel Maintenance
    航道疏浚和维护
   Inland Container Depots on BOOT
    以BOOT方式经营内陆集装箱仓库
   Development of River Ports for Inland Water Transportation
    开发用于内河航运的内河港口
   Greenfield Dockyard.                                           29
    格林菲尔德船
       INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES:
            MANUFACTURING
              投资机遇:制造业
Automobiles industry:
汽车行业

      opportunities for establishing local plants abound
       with:
       开办本地汽车生产企业的发展机遇

      establishment and provision of automobile service
       centres
          开设汽车服务中心

                                                            30
             INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES:
                   AGRICULTURE
                    投资机遇:农业
   Contributes 40% to the GDP
    对 GDP 的贡献可达40%
   Investment in dams and irrigation infrastructure development
     投资建设水坝和开发灌溉设施
   Large scale factory driven agriculture in identified areas of crops,
    livestock and fisheries
     在农作物、畜牧业和渔业集中的地区开办大型企业

   Investment opportunities exist in research & extension,
    mechanisation, input provision, agro-processing, storage & market
    development, bio-fuel
    研究和推广技术,机械化,农产品加工,存储和市场运作,
    生物燃料方面的投资机遇
   Large scale commercial Agriculture - production & processing with
    a view to adding value to Rice, Sugar, Wheat, Cassava, Oil Palm etc
                                                                           31
    发展大规模农业企业,实现大米、糖、小麦、木薯、油棕等作物的增值
           INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES:
                 SOLID MINERALS
                 投资机遇:固体矿产
   Mining now a Government priority (Nigerian Minerals and
    Mining Act, 2007)
    政府目前优先发展矿产开采(2007年尼日利亚矿产和开采法案)
   New investor friendly minerals policy
    实施对投资者友好的矿产开发政策
   Mining Cadastre Office established
    成立采矿地管理部门
   Sector opened to private sector from monopoly
    取消垄断,向私营部门开放
   Opportunities /机遇:
     Development of Bitumen, Tarsand in Nigeria
      发展尼日利亚的沥青和砂土行业
     Exploration and Mechanized Coal/Lignite Production
      发展煤/褐煤的机械化生产
                                                           32
       Reserve estimated at 15 billion barrels /储备预计为150亿桶
       Coverage 73 square kilometre /覆盖73平方公里
             INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES:
                SOLID MINERALS…cont’d
                  投资机遇:固体矿产…续
   Opportunities /机遇:
       Exploration and Development of Barites and Bentonite for the Oil
        Industry and Gypsum for the Cement Industry
        开发用于石油工业的石膏和重晶石,开发用于水泥业的膨润土

       Exploration and Development of Phosphate Resources for the
        Fertilizer Industry
        勘探开发用于化肥工业的磷矿资源

       Processing of Iron Ore
        铁矿石加工


                                                                      33
           INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES:
              TELECOMMUNICATIONS
                  投资机遇:电信业
   Fastest growing sector: 26 – 29% per annum
    增速最快的部门:年均26 - 29%
   Sales, installation, repair and maintenance of
    telecommunications terminal, facilities and equipment;
    电信终端,基础设施和设备的销售,安装与维修
   Major Networks in Nigeria – Active Subscribers
    MTN – 23million      Zain – 17million
    Globacom – 16million
   尼日利亚的干线网络 – 用户量
    MTN – 2300万      Zain – 1700万                            34

    Globacom – 1600万
        INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES:
        TELECOMMUNICATIONS…cont’d
             投资机遇:电信业…续

 Provision and operation of telecommunications services
 电信服务的提供和运营
   Cellular mobile telephony, paging and trunked radio;
    蜂窝移动电话,寻呼和集群无线电
   Value Added Network/Data Services (Internet, Voice
    Mail, Electronic Mail services)
   网络/数据增值服务(互联网,语音邮件,电子邮件服务)
 Local Manufacture of Equipment

  本地设备制造
   The local manufacture of switching and transmission
    equipment                                            35


    在本地制造交换和传输设备
    INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES: TOURISM
               投资机遇:旅游
   Nigeria’s Home Movie industry the 2nd largest in the world
    尼日利亚家庭电影业居全球第二
   Audience growing all over the world
    世界各地观众不断增长
Opportunities /机遇:
   Establishment of hotels and resorts near waterfalls, springs etc
    在瀑布、喷泉附近修建酒店和度假区
   Beach Tourism
    开发海滩旅游区
   Heritage/Cultural Tourism Resources Development
    开发文物/文化旅游产业
   Wildlife Tourism Resources Development
    开发野生动植物旅游产业
   Building of tourist lodges
    修建旅馆
                                                                       36
   Marketing/Distribution of Nigerian Films
    尼日利亚电影的市场运作和分销
  INVESTMENT INCENTIVES IN NIGERIA
          尼日利亚的投资优势
General Incentives /投资优势:
  Vast arable land – over 70% of Nigerian land area is suitable for
   agriculture and remains under utilized
  适用土地广阔-全国70%的土地适于耕作,大部分尚未开发
  Trainable, resourceful and cost effective workforce with 60% youth
   年轻人占总人口的60%,人力资源丰富,成本低廉
  Strategic location – hub of the West and Central African Markets
   战略位置-地处西非和中非市场的核心集散区
  Relative absence of natural disasters / calamities; i.e. no
   earthquakes, hurricanes or major floods etc.
   自然灾害相对较少,一般没有地震,飓风或洪水等重大灾害
  Highest Return on Investment (RoI) in Africa
 ― 35% - 45% generally (70 – 100% in some sectors)
   具有在非洲最高的投资回报率(ROI)35% - 45%                                         37
…INVESTMENT INCENTIVES IN NIGERIA
        …尼日利亚的投资优势
Statutory Incentives / 法定刺激政策
  Up to 5 years Corporate Tax Holiday
   免征5年的企业所得税
 * Capital Allowances /资本免税额:
  Research & Development – use of local inputs – 140%
   研究与开发– 使用地方投入 – 140%
  Investment in infrastructure 20% of costs
   基础设施投资 成本的20%
  Minimum local raw materials utilization – 20% for 5 years
   利用当地原材料的最低额度 – 5年内为20%
  Very low VAT regime of 5%
   增值税额度仅为5%
                                                               38
               EXPORT EXPANSION GRANT SCHEME
                       扩大出口补助计划
   The Export Expansion Grant scheme is a very vital incentive required for the
    stimulation of export oriented activities that will lead to significant growth of
    the non-oil export sector.
    扩大出口补助计划是一项非常重要出口导向刺激计划,这将带动非石油出口部
    门显著增长。
   The scheme operates the “Weighted Eligibility Criteria” in assessing for EEG. The
    baseline data as supplied by each individual applicant company is used in its
    assessments. Thus the method of assessment is company specific.
    该计划运用“加权资格标准”进行EEG评估。评估所用的基准数据由各个申请
    公司提供。因此将针对每个公司具体情况进行评估。
   A company’s EEG assessment would be conducted once yearly and the
    determined rate will apply throughout the year. The weighted eligibility criteria
    has four bands: 30%, 20%, 10% and 5%.
    每个公司的EEG评估每年进行一次,评估后的比例可适用一年。加权等级分四
    级: 30%, 20%, 10% 和 5%。
                                                                                or
    A new entrance in to the EEG shall provide prior period financial statements 39
    where applicable an investment plan for its assessment.
    新加入EEG的企业需提供上一年的财务报表,及其适用于评估的投资计划。
           EXPORT EXPANSION GRANT SCHEME
                   扩大出口补助计划
ELIGIBILITY /申请资格:
I.     Export must be registered with the Nigerian Export Promotion Council
       (NEPC).
     必须在尼日利亚出口促进会( NEPC )注册出口
II.    Eligible exporter shall be a manufacturer, producer or merchant of products
       of Nigerian origin for the export market (I.e. the products must be made in
       Nigeria).
     合格的出口商必须为尼日利亚原产用于出口产品的制造商、生产商或经销商(
       即产品必须在尼日利亚制造)
III.   An exporter must have a minimum annual export turnover of N5 million and
       evidence of repatriation of proceeds of exports.
     出口商的年度最低出口额500万奈拉,并能提供出口证明。
IV.    Exporter-company shall submit its baseline data which includes Audited
       Financial Statement and information on operational capacity to NEPC.
     出口商必须向NEPC提供包括经审计的财务报表和运营能力信息在内的基准数据

     VALIDITY FOR EEG APPLICATION /申请的有效性:
                                                                                40
      Qualifying export transactions must have the proceeds fully repatriated
      within 180 days, calculated from the date of export.
    合格的出口交易必须自出口之日起180天内结算
         DETERMINATION OF EXPORT PERFORMANCE
                 - ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
                 出口业绩评定 - 资质标准
                             Company                        Company
      Eligibility Criteria             Threshold   Weight
S/N                            Data                           Score
           资质标准                          限值         权重
                             公司数据                           公司评分
      Local Value Added
1.                                                 25%
           本地增值
        Local Content
2.                                                 20%
           本地内容
         Employment
3.        (Nigerians)                              20%
      雇佣(尼日利亚人)
        Priority Sector
4.                                                 10%
           优先行业
        Export Growth
5.                                                 20%
           出口增速
      Capital Investment
6.                                                  5%            41
           投资资本

                TOTAL WEIGHT /总权重                  100%
                     CONCLUSION
                        总结
o Government has taken bold steps to do the right thing; fix power,
  develop infrastructure, tackle security, fight financial and economic
  crimes, improve justice system and reform electoral process to be
  electorate-friendly
  政府大胆进取,正确行事;修复电力,发展基础设施,解决安全保障,
  打击金融和经济犯罪,促进司法系统改革,采取最选民友好的选举制度
  改革
o The economic reforms have succeeded in reshaping the investment
  climate with tremendous inflow of FDI especially in telecoms,
  banking, manufacturing and agricultural sectors
  经济改革已成功的重整投资环境,FDI流入剧增,尤其集中在电信、银
  行、制造业和农业领域
o Given the investment friendly disposition of Nigeria, there is no
  better time than now to invest in Africa’s most profitable economy
                                                                       42
  为投资方提供有力的投资条件,目前是投资尼日利亚收益率最大的历史
  机遇,是投资非洲的最理想选择
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
          感谢你的关注
    For more information, contact:

     如果需要更多信息,请联系:
     中外投资服务网
     周广祥先生:
     电话:0591 2836 5025
     传真:0591 2836 5027
     Email:Nicholas@helosina.com     43

								
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