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					The Gothic
Cathedral
        THE GOTHIC CATHEDRAL
             OBJECTIVES
• Understand the key structural components of the
  Gothic cathedral

• Explain the origins of the Gothic style

• Analyze the cathedral as an interactive
  environment

• Explain the symbolic properties of light and
  height in the Gothic cathedral
Ille de France region
THE GOTHIC CATHEDRAL




  Notre Dame, Paris, 1163-1267
Romanesque style: Ste. Marie, Souillac,
France. c. 1130
Gothic style: Abbey Church of St. Denis, France, 1220s
 Gothic Cathedral
Architectural Style

• Began in France in the 12c.
• Pointed arches.
• Flying buttresses.
• Stained glass windows.
• Elaborate, ornate interior.
• Taller, more airy  lots of light.
• Lavish sculpture  larger-than-life.
     Development of Gothic
          Cathedrals
1.   Urban revolution: civic pride, rising
     wealth, intense urban piety

2. Mirrors shift in piety, literature, and the
   lifestyle of the nobility towards emotional
   intensity and refinement

3. Structural engineering advances allowed
   for greater height and took the weight off
   the walls allowing for the installation of
   large windows
   Gothic Cathedrals: 2
     major features


• LIGHT

• HEIGHT
Notre Dame,
Paris, ca.
1250, nave &
choir
  Interactive Elements

• Educational program

• Inspiring mystical, emotional
  experience using light and height
Abbot Suger: creates the Gothic style at St. Denis

     Choir, St. Denis, 1140s


     **First church space to
     focus on making the
     ceiling higher and the
     interior more filled
     with light


     **Beginning of new
     style of church design
     in France
 The Gothic Style Emerges

Tree of Jesse,
window at St. Denis


**educational


**symbolic of
God’s light in your
life
Royal Chapel of St. Chapelle, Paris,
begun 1240s
Sainte Chapelle, interior
Rose Window: A circular window composed of
patterned tracery arranged in petal-like formation.
      Rose Window
Chartres Cathedral, Paris




  The good, of course, is always beautiful,
  and the beautiful never lacks proportion.
                       --- Plato
Notre Dame Cathedral

           **Exterior of cathedrals
           are also part of the
           educational program
           **Numerous relief and
           partially free-standing
           sculptures cover the
           front and sides of the
           structure—all carefully
           planned to be part of an
           overall religious
           program
Notre Dame, portal carvings
Spires—rise
up pointing
to heaven
Cathedral Gargoyles
      HEIGHT
Structural Elements

  • Rib Vaults

  • Pointed Arches

  • Flying Buttresses
Rib Vault: A relatively thin stone
vault set within a framework of ribs.
Amiens, nave vaulting, 1220-1247




     Nave height: 140 feet
   Flying Buttress: a free-standing support
   attached to the outer walls to resist the
   lateral thrust of a vault



Amiens Cathedral
Nave cross section
Flying Buttress
Amiens Cathedral, buttressing
Computer graphic: Amiens




    Source: Amiens Cathedral Project
Basilican Floor Plan (Latin
          Cross)
• Cathedrals were usually oriented along an
  east-west axis. The main entrance was on
  the west end while the liturgical stuff
  (altar, bishop’s throne, etc.) was located in
  the east end. They had the shape of a Latin
  cross.
   Basilican Plan (Latin
          Cross)
NAVE: the central longitudinal space of
       a basilican church
AISLE: the space between the columns of the
         nave and the side wall
TRANSEPT: an extension across the main
          axis giving a church the shape of
          a cross
Crossing: area of a church where the nave, choir,
          and transept intersect
Choir: area of the church where the priest
       performs the mass
 Apse: vaulted, circular extension or projection at
      the eastern end of a church



                                               apse
Which Interior Is Which?
Which Cathedral Style
      Is Which?

				
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posted:3/14/2012
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