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									The Road to Revolution
  Chapter 10 Guided Notes
Texas Under
Mexico’s Rule
• In 1824, Mexico adopted the Constitution of
  1824 which established a federal
• The constitution gave limited power to the
  central government and broad power to the
  states (division of power called federalism)
• Most Tejanos, Texans, and US settlers
  supported the constitution as it gave more
  power to Texas.
Coahuila Y Texas
• In 1825 per the
  constitution, the
  Texas region joined
  the Mexican state of
  Coahuila forming
  Coahuila y Texas
• Texas remained a
  political subdivision
  and was later divided
  into 3 departments
Slavery (and other issues)
in Texas
       “The colonists in Texas will not be Mexicans more than in name”
                           – An American newspaper in 1825

• One of the biggest issues to separate the US settlers in Texas and
the Mexican government was slavery.
• During the 1820’s both Coahuila y Texas and the Mexican National
government restricted slavery, even though many Texans ignored the
•Several Texans including Stephen F Austin were opposed to slavery
but felt it was necessary at the time to keep the economy moving in
the right direction.
•In 1827, the Coahuila y Texas state outlawed slavery.
•In 1829, President Vicente Guerrero issued a decree ending Slavery
 The Law of
 April 6, 1830
• In response to Mier y Teran’s
  report, The Law of April 6,
  1830 was passed.
• This banned US immigration
  into Texas as well as made it
  illegal for Texans to bring in
  more slaves.                   President Vicente Guerrero
• Mexico hoped this would
  increase Mexico’s control
  over Texas
Conflicts at Anahuac
                      5 W’s of Anahuac
Who: Hundreds of Troops stationed in Texas to enforce the
 Law of April 6, 1830 . A rebellion made of townspeople
 was led by the brother of an arrested man.
What: Tensions were rising in Anahuac between Texans and
 Mexican officials
Where: Anahuac- an important trade route and immigration
 point at the mouth of the Trinity River on Galveston Bay
When: In the 1830’s after the Law of April 6, 1830 was passed
Why: Import taxes/control of trade as well as the arresting of
 several Texans
The Turtle Bayou
          5 W’s of The Turtle Bayou Resolutions
•   Who: Over 150 Texas townspeople who opposed
    the actions in Anahuac
•   What: An official document that stated the
    opinions and reasons behind the march/capturing
    of Mexican troops at Anahuac.
•   Where: Turtle Bayou- a few miles from Anahuac
•   When: June 13, 1832
•   Why: It was not a rebellion against the government
    but a defending of their rights under the
The Battle of
• During the march and minor exchange of gunfire at
  Anahuac (prior to the resolutions), some of the
  men left to find a cannon in the town of Brazoria.
• Unaware that the resolution had been filed and the
  conflict was over, the men headed back to
• When they reached Velasco, the Mexican officials
  would not let them pass resulting in The Battle of
  Velasco on June 26, 1832.
• The Mexican army soon ran out of ammunition an
  surrendered to the Texas colonists
Bustamante VS.
Santa Anna
       Anastacio Bustamante- Mexico’s President
       from 1830 to 1832 after overthrowing and
       killing President Vicente Guerrero.
       He took complete control of Mexico which did
       not comply with the Constitution of 1824

       Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna- Led a revolt
       against President Bustamante and was
       successful. He was elected President in 1833.
       He had the support of Texas as well as much of
       Mexico. They all hoped he would restore the
The Convention
                                                   Why 2? - many delegates
                                                   did not attend the first
                                                   convention leading to

of 1832/1833                                       second convention

                              Santa Anna
                    Elected President of Mexico in 1833.

                               Texans hoped
                                he would…

    Constitution of 1824                       Convention of 1832/1833
                                           -Allow US immigration
Enforce because its federalists
                                           - Make Texas a separate state
 principles gave Texas strong
                                           - Exempt TX from customs duties.
         local control.
                                           - Provide land for schools
Austin is ARRESTED!!
• Austin set out on a 3 month mission to Mexico City
  to present the demands established in the
  Conventions of 1832 and 1833 to Santa Anna in
  April of 1833.
• Because of other issues the nation was facing,
  Santa Anna and the congress could not meet to
  discuss Austin’s demands until November.
• In October, Austin (very frustrated) wrote to the
  Texas government ordering them to go ahead and
  begin organizing a state government; even though
  that demand had yet to be granted.
Austin is ARRESTED cont!!

• When Austin finally was able to meet with
  Santa Anna, all the demands from the
  conventions were granted EXCEPT Texas
  being made into a separate state.
• Austin was satisfied and returned to Texas
  only to be arrested by Mexican officials who
  intercepted the letter he had written.
• Austin was imprisoned for a year (without
  trial) for “Challenging the Mexican
What did you LEARN?
1. What led Colonists to write the Turtle Bayou
- Several Texans were arrested in Anahuac leading to
   a march and exchange of gunfire. The
   townspeople wrote the Resolutions to explain their
2. What impact did the Constitution of 1824 have on
   events in Texas?
- This made many Texans support Santa Anna’s hopes
   of overthrowing the government. The constitution
   was not being followed under the original govt. and
   limited the power given to the states.
Chapter Wrap-Up
 1. What role did government regulation of trade
    play in the growing conflict between Texans
    and the Mexican government?
 2. How did Santa Anna’s decision to set aside the
    Constitution of 1824 and create a centralist
    government affect Texas?
 3. How do you think the problems facing a young
    nation like the Republic of Mexico affected its
    policies toward Texas?

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