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Sexting Exposed: A Qualitative Study Research Proposal EMESE C. PARKER, RN, MS, WHNP-BC MPH CAPSTONE PRESENTATION MAY 2011 CAPSTONE ADVISOR: DR. HINDIN ADVISOR: LEE BONE Roadmap Definition Literature review: Highlights Study proposal: Aims Questions Methods Analysis Conclusion Literature Review: What is Sexting? No single definition Broadest: (9-17) Sexually explicit: “Your wardrobe needs Messages updating...how about Photos trying me on”(1) Videos Sent/posted, received, “Forget M&Ms: I melt in forwarded your hands”(1) Using any electronic media Cell phones Internet Email Hunting for Data •Aim: -Primary research on U.S. sexting (12-26 yrs) -Through 2011 -English language How? -Traditional and non- traditional methods Found: -8 studies for final review(9-16) Sexting Prevalence(9-16) Any type (12-26 yrs) 19-59% Explicit Visuals Messages Sending Receiving Sending Receiving Posting Posting Teens Teens Teens (11-19 yrs): (11-19 yrs): (13-19 yrs): 4-22% 13-31% 39% Young People Young People (13-25 yrs): (13-26 yrs): Young Adults 18-35% Young Adults 29-56% (18-26 yrs): (20-26 yrs): 20-33% 59% Sexting Highlights (Cont) Who are young people What do they think about sexting?(9, 10, 12, 17) sexting?(10,12) “Dangerous” (54-66%), Boyfriends/girlfriends (53- “stupid” (54-64%), “gross” 75%) (33-41%), “lame” (33-39%,), People they dated/hooked and “immoral” (34-40%) up (19-38%) People they wanted to “Flirty” (12-68%), “hot” (10- date/hook up with 51%), and “fun” (10-49%) (21-27%) Sexters thought more positively about it than non-sexters19 Why Sext? Studies difficult to compare 9,10,14,16 •Examples: •“In response to one sent to me/someone asked me” (43-46%) “From pressuring” (25- 65%)16,18 Sexting Highlights (Cont) Gender/Age Differences? Real World Impact? Age: Increases among Sharing (13-26 yrs):(1,13) older age groups(12-14) 16-30% (13-26 yrs) had Gender: unclear(12-14) explicit visual of someone shared with them 15-17% shared explicit visual Perceived Negatives? with someone else (13,16) “Dangerous” (90%) (13-18 Relationships (13-26 yrs): yrs) Exchanging content Could have “serious dating/hook ups(16) negative consequences” More forward/aggressive(16) (78%) (13-26 yrs) Unprotected intercourse(11) Study Proposal DETA I L S Study Aim To better understand, To explore the thoughts, among 18-26 year olds, feelings and attitudes the popular methods of older teens and young communication within adults have towards existing/potential: sexting Friendships 18-19 year olds Relationships 20-26 year olds Romantic Sexual Study Questions What are popular What are the thoughts, methods of feelings, and attitudes communication used by older teens and young older teens and young adults have towards adults within sexting? existing/potential Friendships ? What do they perceive Relationships ? are surrounding Romantic circumstances and Sexual potential consequences? Study Design Focus groups: 8 (single-sex): 18-21 yrs: Females (x2), males (x2) 22-26 yrs: Females (x2), males (x2) 6-9 participants/group 1.5 hrs/group Private room, on campus Who? Santa Rosa Junior College community (SRJC) (Santa Rosa, CA) 18-26 yrs, any race/ethnicity Fluent English speaker Human Sexuality course, on campus Spring term 2011 Recruitment Obtain approval from SRJC Recruit in classes and via flyers Sign-up sheet Phone screening and assignment to group Goal: Approx 65 people Incentives: Free food and drink Raffle for $75 Simon gift card Help community Focus Group Format 1) Food! 2) Oral consent 3) Demographic questionnaire 4) Group Discussion Participants wear # Data collection: Notes Audio taping Group Discussion Questions SAMPLES Data Analysis Transcription: Audio Text Review data Code Similarities/differences? Emerging themes? Comparisons: Within and across groups Same age and sex Older vs. younger groups Male vs. female Conclusion Implications: Research Future research: Real world implications • Health and wellbeing • Gender and age differences Help organize future research inquiries via proposed categorization: Sext senders’ self-reported desired outcomes Local community impact: Share results with SRJC psych department and school health center to determine next steps Ultimate Goal: Better support today’s young people through public health programming Thank you References 1) Sexting examples. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2011, from http://sextingexamples.org/ 2) Brunker, M. (2009, January 15). ‘Sexting’ surprise: Teens face child pornography charges. MSNBC. Retrieved March 4, 2011, from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/28679588/ns/technology_and_science- tech_and_gadgets/ 3) Celzic, M (2009, March 6). Her teen committed suicide over “sexting.” Today.com. Retrieved March 4, 2011, from http://today.msnbc.msn.com/id/29546030/ns/today-parenting/ 4) United Nations (2005). World Youth Report 2005: Young people today, and in 2015. Retrieved October 5, 2010, from http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unyin/documents/wyr05book.pdf 5) Lenhart, A., Purcell, K., Smith, A., & Zickuhr, K (2010). Social media and mobile internet use among teens and young adults. Pew Research Center. Retrieved March 7, 2011, from http://www.pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2010/PIP_Social_Media_and_Young_Adu lts_Report_Final_with_toplines.pdf 6) Lehart, A., Ling, R., Campbell, S., Purcell, K. (2010). Teens and mobile phones. Pew Research Center. Retrieved October 15, 2010, from http://www.pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2010/PIP-Teens-and-Mobile-2010-with- topline.pdf 7) Lenhart, A., Madden, M., Macgill, A., & Smith, A. (2007). Teens and social media. Pew Research Center. Retrieved October 18, 2010, fromhttp://www.pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2007/PIP_Teens_Social_Media_Final .pdf 8) Ito, M., Baumer, M., Bittanti, M., Boyd, D., Cody, R., Herr-Stephenson, B.,…Tripp, L. (2010). Hanging out, messing around, and geeking out: Kids living and learning with new media. Available from http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/full_pdfs/Hanging_Out.pdf References (Cont) 9) Cox Communications, in partnership with National Center for Missing & Exploited Children and John Walsh (2009). Teen online & wireless safety survey. [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved October 5, 2011, form http://www.cox.com/takecharge/safe_teens_2009/media/2009_teen_survey_internet_and_wireless_safety .pdf 10) AK Tweens (April 21, 2009). Survey from AK Tweens reveals “sexting” not just a teen problem; Girls ages 10- 15 are also sending, receiving and/or posting “sexy” photos, texts and emails. Retrieved April 5, 2011, from www.docstoc.com/docs/30798529/SURVEY-FROM-AK-TWENNS- REVEALS%E2%80%9CSEXTING%E2%80%9D-NOT-JUST-A 11) Ferguson, C.J. (2010). Sexting behaviors among young Hispanic women: Incidence and association with other high-risk sexual behaviors. Psychiatr Quarterly, p. 1-5. 12) Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J.W. (2010). Sexting: A brief guide for educators and parents. Cyberbullying Research Center. Retrieved March 25, 2011, from http://www.cyberbullying.us/Sexting_Fact_Sheet.pdf 13) Knowledge Networks (2009). The MTV-Associated Press poll: Digital abuse survey. Retrieved September 7, 2010, from http://surveys.ap.org/data%5CKnowledgeNetworks%5CAP_Digital_Abuse_Topline_092209.pdf 14) Lenhart, A. (2009). Teens and Sexting. How and why minor teens are sending sexually suggestive nude or nearly nude images via text messaging. Pew Research Center in partnership with University of Michigan. Retrieved September 3, 2010, from http://pewresearch.org/assets/pdf/teens-and-sexting.pdf 15) LG-One (2010). LG Text Ed research report. [PowerPoint slides]. Obtained March 5, 2011, from personal correspondence with study contact: Erica Samadani (Erica.Samadani@lg-one.com) 16) National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, in partnership with Cosmogirl.com (2008). Sex and Tech: Results from a survey of teens and young adults. Retrieved August 31, 2010, from http://www.thenationalcampaign.org/sextech/pdf/sextech_summary.pdf References (Cont) 17) Katzman, D.K. (2010). Sexting: Keeping teens safe and responsible in a technologically savvy world. Canadian Paedriatric Society, 15 (1), 41-2. 18) Athinline.org (n.d.). 2009 MTV-AP Digital Abuse Study, Executive Summary. Retrieved September 7, 2010, from http://www.athinline.org/MTVAP_Digital_Abuse_Study_Executive_Summary.pdf 19) Tompson, T. (Personal Communication, March 9, 2011).
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