What is an accent? An accent is the unique way that speech is pronounced by a group of people speaking the same language. A person's accent depends on many factors; however, accents are usually grouped in the following way: • Regional Accents - for example, people who are from Texas often sound different than people who are from New York. • Foreign Accents - for example, someone who was raised speaking English will sound different than someone who was raised speaking Spanish and learned English as an adult. Accents are a natural part of spoken languages. It is important to realize that no accent is better than another. It should also be stressed that accents are NOT a speech or language disorder. How do accents affect communication? Accents reflect the unique characteristics and background of a person. Many people take great pride in their accents. However, some people may have difficulty communicating because of their accent. These difficulties include the following: • People not understanding you • Avoiding social interaction with those who may not understand you • Frustration from having to repeat yourself all the time • People focusing on your accent more than on what you are trying to say These types of communication problems may have negative effects on job performance, educational advancement, and everyday life activities. It may also negatively affect your self- esteem if you are having trouble communicating because of an accent. For all of these reasons, some people want to modify or change their accent. Can I change my accent? Yes, with lots of hard work, practice, and the help of a qualified speech-language pathologist (SLP), you can learn how to change your speech pronunciation. Changing your accent is also known as "accent modification" or "accent reduction." An SLP can provide services to speakers who want to modify or reduce their accent. People who receive these types of services include the following: • Non-native English speakers • Speakers who want to reduce a regional accent • Business and medical professionals who want to improve their communication skills because of a foreign or regional accent • Actors who need to learn a new accent for a role or performance Intonation: The pattern or melody of pitch changes in connected speech, especially the pitch pattern of a sentence, which distinguishes kinds of sentences or speakers of different language cultures. The rising and falling sounds of the voice when speaking. Pronunciation: Pronunciation refers to the way a word or a language is spoken, or the manner in which someone utters a word. Rhythm: May be generally defined as a "movement marked by the regulated succession of strong and weak elements, or of opposite or different conditions. Tone: the pitch and pitch changes in words of certain languages Liaison: Liaison in general means: 1. Communication between two or more groups. 2. Co-operation, working together.
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