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NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES REGISTRATION

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NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES REGISTRATION Powered By Docstoc
					NPS Form 10-900                                                             OMB No. 10244018
(RN.10.90)

United States Department of the Interior
National Park Sewice
NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES
REGISTRATION FORM

                                                                                               es
This fonn is for use in nominating or reubestinp determinations for individual ~ r o ~ e r t i and
di&&. See instructions in ~ o i t co;nPletethe ~ational
                                           o                      Register of Histork Piplaces
Registration Fonn (National Register Bulletin 16A). Complete each item by marking "x" in the
appropriate box or by entering the information requested. If any item does not apply to the
DroDertv being documented. enter "NIA" for "not applicable." For functions, architecttd
                              al s ,
~ ~ s i f i k t i o ~ t e r i a d areas of significance, enter only categories and subcategories from
the instructions. Place additional entries and narrative items on continuation sheets (NPS Fom
10-900a). Use a typewriter, word processor, or computer, to complete all items.

1. Name of Property

historic name -Dogham, Doggams

other namedsite number -Dogham Farm D H R File # 018-0059

2. Location

street & number -1601 Dogham Lane                                     -NIA-not for publication
city or town -Charles City                                        vicinity      X
state -Virginia-     code -VA        county -Charles City_ code -036      zip code -23030-

3. StatelFederal Agency Certification

As the desinaated authoritv under the National Historic Preservation Act of 1986, as amended, I
hereby c e & ythat this x     nomination -request for determination of cligibihty meets the
                                      -- -
documentation standards for rexistering ~rouenies the National Register of Historic Places and
                                                in
                                                                  &
meets the procedural and prof&ional requirements set forth in 36 C part 60. In my opinion,
the property - X meets d o c s not meet the National Register Criteria. I recommend that
this property be considered sip6caut -nationally         statewide -X- locally.
( -See -continuation &%for additional comments.)




In my opinion, the property -   meets -does not meet the National Register
criteria. ( -See continuation sheet for additional comments.)

Signature of commenting or other official            Date

State or Federal agency and bureau
4. National Park Service Certification

I, hereby cerhfy that this property is:

-entered in the National Register
 -See continuation sheet.
-determined eligible for the
 National Register
 -See continuation sheet.
-determined not eligible for the
 National Register
-removed from the National Register

-other (explain):

    Signature of Keeper                         Date of Action




Ownership of Property (Check as many boxes as apply)
       -X private
       -public-local
       -public-State
       -public-Federal
Category of Property (Check only one box)
        -X building(s)
        -district
        -site
        -structure
        -object
Number of Resources within Property

     Contributing Noncontributing
      -8  -        -0- buildings
      -2  -        - -0 sited
      -0-          - -o s h l l c m m
      -0-          - ObJeds
                      0
      -10          - Totat
                    0

Number of contributing resources previously listed in the National
Register -0-

Name of related multiple property listing (Enter "N/AH property is not part
                                                      if
of a multiple p o e listing)
               r pm            N/A
6. Function or Use


Historic Functions (Enter categories from instructions)
  Cat: -Domestic                         Sub: -Single dwelling
      Domestic                                   Secondary structure
      -Agnculture/Subsistence          -storage
      -    AgnculturdSubsistence -Animal Facility-
      -    Agn&e/Subsistence            -Agricultural Field-
      F W W                                -    Cemetery
      -    Industry                         -Manufactmq (brick)-

 urn
C r e t Functions (Enter categories from instructions)
   Cat: -Domestic                        Sub: -Single dwelling
      Domestic                               Secondary structure-
      -Agn&e/Subsistence               - cultural ~ield-
      -Agncuwsubsistence              -Storage
      -AgnculturelSubsistence          -Animal Facility-
        Funerary                            -  Cemetery




7. Description



Architectural Classification (Enter categories from instmctiom)
   -Colonial
   -  Colonial Revival

Materials @mer categoria from instmctions)
   foundatioa b r i c k
      f
   m -shingle:       concrete
   walls w o o d : weatherbod

    other -chimneys:     brick



Nanative Description (Describe the historic and current condition of the
property on one or more continuation sheets.)
8. Statement of Significance


Applicable National Register Criteria (Mark "x"in one or more boxes for the
criteria qualifying the property for National Register listing)

   -X- A &perty is associated with events that have made a significant
           contribution to the broad patterns of our W r y .
   -B Property is associated with the lives of persons sguiflcant in
                              past.
     X C Property embodies the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of
co&ction or represents the work of a master, or possesses high artistic values, or
represents a significant and distinguishable entity whose components lack
                 individual distinction.
   -D Property has yielded, or is likely to yield information important in p r e h h l y or
history.

Criteria Considerations (Mark "X" in all the boxes that apply.)

   a        owned by a religious institution or used for religious purposes.
   -b       removed from its original location.
   -c       a birthplace or a grave.
   -d       a cemetery.
   -e       a reconstructed building, object, or structun.
   -f       a commemorativeproperty.
   -g       less than 50 yean of age or achieved sigmflcaacc within the
                         past5oyean.
Areas of Sigmflcance (Enter categories from ~ c t i o n s )
               -Explo&n/Settlement-
               -  Architecture
               Ethnic Heritage (European)-




Period of Signitiamc -1642-1949                                       ae
                                                          Sigmflcant D t s -1642-
                                                                         -ca.1940-

Significant Person
(Complete if Criterion B is m r e above)
                             akd
Cultural Affiliation
Nanative Statement of Signdicance (Explain the significance of the property on
one or more continuation sheets.)


9. Major Bibliographicnl References


(Cite the books, articles, and other sources used in preparing this form on one
or more continuation sheets.)

Previous documentation on file (NPS)

-preliminary determination of individual listing (36 CFR 67) has been
 requested.
-previously listed in the National Register
-previously determined eligible by the National Register
-designated a National Historic Landmark
-recorded by Historic American Buildings Survey #
-recorded by Historic American Engineering Record #
Primary Location of Additional Data

-X State Historic Prescrvaiion Oflice
-Other State agency
-Federal agency
-Local government
-University
-Other
Name of repository:


10. Geographicd Data


Acreage of Property -Approximately 312 acres

UTM References (Place additional UTM references on a continuation sheet)

          Zone Easting Noduq Zonc Easting Northing
         I--                 3--
        2--                       4--

          -X- See wntinuation sheet.
Verbal Boundary Description @scribe the boundaries of the property on a
continuation sheet.)

Boundary Justification (Explain why the boundaries were selected on a
continuation sheet.)
11. Form Prepared By

nameltitle-John    G.Zehmer, Jr., Architectural Historian and Ann Andrus, Historian, VDHR and
                  Robert Mitchell, Dogham Partnership

organization-Virginia      merit of Historic Resources                         date-April    1999-

street & number-10 Courthouse Avenue- telephone             804-863-1621

city or town_Petersburg                    SW-VA zip code -23803-


Additional Documentation

Submit the following items with the completed form:

Continuation Sheets

Maps
  A USGS map (7.5 or 15 minute series) indicating the property's location.
  A sketch map for historic districts and pmperties having large acreage
      or numerous resources.

Photographs
  Representative black and white photograph of the property.

Additional items (Check with the SHPO or FPO for any additional items)


Property Owner

(Complete this item at the request of the SHPO or FPO.)

name -The Dogham Company, c/o Edward D. Mitchell, h4anapg Partner-

street & number-Nations      Bank Real Estate., PO Box 27025 tel.-804-788-3875

city or townWIIRichmond                                       a ? l t e V A zip code 23261-7025


Papwork Reduction Act -    S           This information is bdng collected for applications to the National
Register of Historic Places to nominate pmperties for list@ or detamiae eligibility for listing, to list
pmperties, and to a d cxi&ing Wp R ~ ~ D O toC quest is q u i d to obtain a beneilt in
                                                     S this
                                                                                470
accordana with the National Historic m a t i o n Act, as ammdcd (16 U.S.C. et seq.). E t m t d  siae
Burden Statement: Public reportingburden for this form is &mated to average 18.1 hours per response
including the time for reviewing instmtions, gathering and m&aimng data, and completing and
reviewing the f o m Direct comments regarding t i bmknestimate or any aspect of this form to the Chief,
                                                  hs
 -i
  v
Ate              Services Division, National Padr Service, P.O. Box 37127, W s i g o DC 20013-7127;
                                                                            ahntq
                of
and the 0£6a Management and Budget, Papenvork Reductions Reject (1024-0018). W s i g o ,  a h n t n DC
20503.
NPS Form 10900-a                                                                  OMB No. 10244018
(8-86)

United States Department of the Interior
National Park Service

NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES

Section    7                  page-1-                                                      Dogham
                                                                            Charles City County, Virginia

Summary Description

As is typical of sites in V i that have been inhabited for over 350 years, the one-and-a-half story frame
dwelling at Dogham in Charles City County reflects changes and enlargements that have been made by one
generation after another. At Dogham, these improvements have been accomplished in a manner t a leaves
                                                                                                    ht
the main section well delineated while the unmistakable newer parts are carefully executed using a
traditional vocabulary. Conversely, the other special architectural f*lhue of Dogham is totally hidden.
This is a group of anomalies that have been found in the frarmng of the oldest sections of the house. These
include early sash-sawn cedingjoists of the first floor, unusually large Rolman numerals on posts and studs,
the use of heavy intermediate pests, the earlier than usual use of frarmng with ledgers and joists below the
wall plate and the unusual placement of the dormers just above the roof cornice. These featurestend to
suggest an early 18th-cmtury for the on@ section, but information on 17bcentury cmstruction is so
                               date
meager, that this unusual group of frarmng details may someday support family tradition of an earlier
origin. In addition the late 19~-       cemetery, the ruins of a brick-makmg site that operated from the
1840s to the 1890s and a group of 20th cnuy outbuildings reflect the long occupation of the property.
                                          etr
AU of these are found in a bucolic setting of flat fields surrounded by woodlamls, which feature deep
ravines made by the stream t a lead to the James River t a forms the eastem boundary of the property.
                               ht                             ht
Detailed Description

The main house a Dogbarn is a mmblmg one-and-a-half -story frame structure roughly L-shaped in plan.
                   t
Its oldest section is the center part of the east-west range. This is easily identi6ed as a typical V   i
vernacular three-bay I-house with three dormer windows on each side of a gable roof between exterior end
chimneys. The west chunney and all of the exterior woodwork appear to be of the second quarter of the
 1 9 century. The dormers are unusual in t a they are placed at the lower edge of the roof immediately
      ~                                        ht
above the eaves cornice. AU the windows have square unadorned comer blocks and symmetrically molded
architraves. The plan is the familiar center stair hall with a room on either side. On the inside of all the
rooms in this part ofthe bouso is found woodwork consistent with the style and date of the exterior. The
same architraves and corner blodu are found on doors and windows. The doors are of the typical Greek
Revival type feahvlne four long vatical panels. In the hall is a simple stair with a newel square in section
and plain rectaogular balusters. It rises in one flight from an initial s t of winders. The mantels are typical
                                                                         e
G e k Revival ones framing large 6replace openings. The one in the d h g (east) room is a bit larger than
  re
the one across the hall in the parlm.

The difference in fireplace size is a clue to the fact that the "original hue' reached its present
                                                                           os,'
d d o n as the result of at least two different ~hases construction. On the exterior the chimnw to
                                                              of
the dining room fireplace is also much larger than ibe chimney at the other end of the house.      on
of the framing of the walls has confhmed that the present dining room and hall constituted a small house.
There was a full basement room with a fireplace below and first and second flwr rooms each with
fireplaces. To this core was added the present parlor. The upstairs rooms were changed as the house was
expanded to reachtheir present state. The exact roof form of the area over the oldest section is not known.
NPS Form 10900-a                                                            OMB No. 10244018
(8-86)

United States Department of the Interior
National Park Service

NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES

Section    7        Page     2                                                              Dosham
                                                                              Charles City County, V        i

It is interesting to note that the rooms on the second floor have much greater headroom than most of the
ubiquitous half-story rooms found across Virginia. This is accomplished by the positioning of the dormers
just above the exterior cornice as well as the use of ledgers to support the joists of the second floor well
below the wall plate:

In summation it is safe to say that both parts of the original house were built before 1810, some of it
possibly long before that date. Near the middle of the 19' century the exterior was re-clad, much of the
roof rebuilt, and m s of the interior woodwork M e d . Such a r e f u r b i is not at all unusual and is,
                   ot
infact.oneofthebasicphenomenaofframeconstmctionin~~.                      nLehouseranaiaedthiswayforthe
next 100 years. From old photopphs it is evident that there   was    a -story    wing on the east endif the
house. This stood on brick ~ i e r and was ~robablv late 19' or early 20' ccnturv addition. It was
                                   s                  a
removed in the 1940s.

 In the 1930's a frame sleeping porch and bathroom were added at the end ofthe center hall on the north
side of the house. These were done in the general style of the house and in the Colonial Revival mode of
the day. In the 1940sthe Richmond coatracting 6m1,Claiborne & Taylor constmcted additions running
north and south at the east end of the house. Because of the grade change at that location the west side
which h c a the front of the old house is a story and a half, while the back facing east is a story and a half
above a full one-story brick basement. The section conoecting to the old house replaces the one-story wing
known from old phobgraphs and includes what is known as the ''flower room." To the north of this
connector are a kitchen and a servant's room and bath. In the east wing itself are a series of bed and
bathrooms on the two upper floors and a playroom on the lower level. These additions were executed i the   n
then popular Colonial Revival style. nKy repeat without exactly copying the elements of the old house at
Dogham-*@              dormers, green louvred shutters, small paned sash, simulated wocden shingles and
shouldered end chmmeys.

Along the south side ofthe lagc field that lies to the w s of the house is a line of farm buildings dating
                                                        et
from the 1930s and 1940s. 'Ibcae include two cdtages,a garage-shop, pheasant house all built in the
1940s and a chickar house, stable, and barn b i in the 1930s. AU are simple utilitarian buildings that
form a complex most of which is fenced. In the edge of the woods just south of the eastern end of the farm
buildings is the M y cemetay includiog the marked graves of six members of the Royall and H g n    oa
families. They are John Pleasant Royall, d. 1898; his wife M r ,d. 1911; their son W i d. 1858; their
                                                              ay
daughters Alice, d. 1947 and Ida, d. 1934; Ida's husband William J. Hogan, d. 1926; and t e r son,
                                                                                             hi
William S., d. 1927. The cemetery is somewhat over grown, but is bordered by a thick band of daffodils
forming a large square about 40 feet on each side. At the end of the open laod is the James River. To the
right (north) of the openin& is the begirming of the stretch ofwoods that form9 the north boundary of the
property. In this wood near the river are the remains of a brick marmfactory that operated from the 1840s
to the 1890s. T e e are piles of brick and the remains of at least three round kilns. The brick manuhctory
                 hr
was operated by William H.Panish of Richmond.
NPS Fonn 10900-a                                                          OMB No. 1024-00 18
(8-86)

United States Department of the Interior
National Park Service

NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES

Section    7        Page     3                                                            Dogham
                                                                             Charles City County, Vuginia


Dogham with its woods, fields, riverftcmt, and picturesque house is unmistacably V i . It is
representative of the simple houses that abounded in the past aad have been skillfully renewed by
s u u x d i q generations of owners.
NPS Fom 10900-a                                                                    OMB No. 1024-0018
(8-86)

U i e States Department of the Interior
 ntd
National Park Service

NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES

Section    8               page-4-                                                        Dosham
                                                                            Charles City County, Virginia


Statement of Significance

The house at Dogham Farm, on the north side of the James River in Charles City County, Virginia, was
built on 600 acres of land patented by Joseph Royall in 1642. The house is a one-anda-half story frame
dwelhg sited in the center of an approximately 309-acre tract above a creek valley with wocdlands to the
east and fields and pastures stretchtng westward to the James River. Professional opinion cannot w n h n a
construction date for the house, but portions of it may date to the early 18" century. It is significant as an
example of a Colonial-period dwelling with distinctive framing characteristicsthat, in the opinion of
architeaural historians at Colonial Williamsburg, represent a "detour" in the evolution of frarmng
techniques in V i a . Repairs and additions made to the property in the 18", 19"and 2 0 centuries were
                                                                                                  ~
carefully executed leaving the older section of the house well defiaed. The M a that acquired and lived
at Dogham, includmg Joseph RoyaU, his wife Katherine Bauks, and her dhusband, Henry Isham,
were part of the westward expansion of Virginia during the middle of the lp century. This westward
expansion helped to transform Virginia from a coUection of struggling seal-             to a prosperous colony.
The Royalls and the Ishams, along with 0 t h Virginia M e s , also assumed social and govermnental roles
                                                                              'ieae
in the mid 17" century and foreshadowed the establishment of a Virginia ' t d w t r aristocracy." Dogham
Farm is eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places at the local level of sigulicance under
Criteria A and C. In addition to the house, t e D m w also contains seven contributing twentieth-cdw
                                               h
outbuildings and two contributing sites includ& th;: site of a commercial brick m @  a        &xation with
three round kilns. and a caneterv containinn the marked mves of seven R o d family members who died
between1858and 1947. Thep~pertywithbothopenfi~~dsandwooded&e,itsds~mthe~ames
River and is collection of resources retains its historically rural character and reflects the influence of the
            t
several genera!ions that have lived at Dogham Farm.

Historical Background

Joseph RoyaU was twudy-twowhen he ermgrated to Virginia, arriving aboard the ship Charitie in July of
1622. He was probably born and raised in London,a d m x h n t of an old Norman family who went to
England with ths "Conquest". However in the rigid social structum of his time he was not classified as a
member of the "gentry" and cammmced life in the New World as a "servant" of Luke and AUice Boyse. He
is recorded as beiug with the Boyses c ''ye Neck-of-Land, Corporation of Charles Citty " on January 24,
                                      a
1622.'

Except for a suit against him in 1626 brought by AUice Boys and his marriage to Thomasin, his first wife,
in 1629, little is known of Royall's activities or whereabouts between 1626 and 1637 when he began
acquiring land in the M e r counties of Henrim and Charles City. On August 15, 1637, Royall patented
300 acres in Hemico County southeast of Turkey Island Creek taking advantage of the " M g h t , ' ' a rule
whereby an individual was granted 50 acres for each person he tramported to the colony. Among those
listed as being transported were his w f ,Thomasin, his "now wife Ann" and his brother ~ e n r y ? next
                                      ie                                                         His
patent was dated May 4, 1638 when he acquired 200 acres in "Chas Citty Co." in Diggs ~undred.'And
NPS Fom 10900-a                                                                   OMB No. 1024-0018
(8-86)

United States Deparbnent of the Interior
Natiod Park Service

NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES

Section    8              page-5-                                                         Dosham
                                                                           Charles City County, V i a


finally on August 20, 1642, RoyaU patented 600 acres above Shirley Hundred for transporting twelve
people.4 It was this property he named "Doggams" and which would th&         be considered the ancestral
home of the Royall family in Virginia. According to a longstanding -tion in the RoyaU family
"Doggams"is a variation of a French name for a stream in Normandy fiwn whence the family went to
~ngland.'

The fate of Royall's wife, Thomasii and where he resided during the years he was accumulating an esOlte
are not known:Pmbably &r 1642 he lived in primitive                 Dogham because of is pro&ity to
                                                                                           t
Shirlev Hundred and other settlers and because it afforded soinewhat areat securitv from Indian raids.
~he~erhewaslivingitis~el~thathewasexposcdinsanewa~~thelastm~or~onbetwan
the Indians and the English settlers that ocnured in Charlw City County and s u m m d q areas in the
spring of 1644 claiming over 500 lives. What is
certain is that sometimebefore 1645 he lost his secoad wife Arm. Still childless, in 1645 he retumedto
England and manied Katherine Banks, of Cauterb~ry.~ 1646 Katbcrinc gave birth to the couple's only
                                                         In
son, Joseph, Jr., "at the ancestral home, Doghams, on the Jamee ~ i v e r "Joseph Royall died in 1654 or
                                                                           .~
early 1655. Soon thereafter Katherine married Henry Isham of Bermuda IIundred,a s t l m n near
                                                                                       eteet
present day Hopewell.

Unlike Joseph Royal1 and many of the earlier settlers of Vigiuia, Henry Isham was a member of the gentry,
the second son of William Isham of Pytchley Mawr in Northamptmshke and his wife Mary Brett, sister of
Sir Edward Brett of K n . The Ishams were an ancient Northamptodire family and were avid Royahsts
                       et
                                ot
during the English Civil War. M s likely, therefore, Henry's emigration to Virginia in 1650 is attributable
                             ila
to the Royal Governor Sir Wlim Berkeley whose most important projed during the Commonwealth
(1649-1660) was "recruitment of a Royah elite for V i . % p o s i t i o n to the CromweU regime and
Governor Berkeley's cncouraganentnsultedin a wave of upper class immigrants to the colony in the
middle of the 17th century. Amtmg them was what author David Hackelt Fiscber bas called the
"Northampton cousinage", a group of familes centered around the Ishams which included Washingtom,
Randolphs and Spencas of ~ k h p . ~ Henceforth these immigrants would become a close knit r u l q elite of
Virginia; their descendants would becanethe great planters, politically powerful Tidewater aristccrats and
politicians of the 18th and ery 19th centuries. Tbrough their daughters, the descendanfs of Henry and
                             al
Katherine Isham would be among them.1°

Henry Isham died in 1676 having been active in local &rs in Charles City County as a Justice and a
social leader and having made one known trip back to England in 1660." Isham w s among those who
                                                                                  a
encouraged Nathaniel Bacon, a neighbor at Curles Neck," to assume leadership of a group opposed to
Governor Berkeley in what became known as Bacon's Rebellion. Because of the date of Isbam's death, two
sources have concluded that Isham was punished for his opposition to the Governor." A third source,
however, documents Isham's presence at meetings with          but states authoritatively that "Isham
remained faithiid to . . . the governor.""
NPS Form 10900-a                                                                    OMB No. 1024-0018
(8-86)

United States Departmaa of the &or
National Park Service

NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES

                                                                                           Dogham
                                                                             Charles City County, Virginia


Upon Henry Isham's death his son,Henry II, ioherited Dogham. 'Ihe exact date of young Henry's birtb is
not known but by 1677 he was old enough to go to England to fulfill the condition of a legacy that required
him to reside in England for a year. He was taken ill on the return voyage and died. In his will dated
November 13, 1678,he left "...my plantation in Charles City County in V i - I c o m m o n l y known by ye
name of Doggams...to be equally divided between my two sisters Mts Mary Randolph and Mts Anne
Isham." He designated his friend and brother-in-law William Randolph to be his exe~utor.~'

             er
At the time H n y Isham wrote his will, his sister M r was newly wed to W i Randolph. Later
                                                    ay
generations would dub the couple the "Adam and Eve of Virginia society".16Among Mary Isham
Randolph's descendants who have roots at Dogham and played notable roles in A e i a history were
                                                                               mrcn
Peyton Randolph @adson), Thomas
Jeffersoa (great grandson), and John Marshall @eat, g e t grandson)." Anne Isham married her brother-
                                                       ra
m-law, Colonel Francis Eppes. His sister was married to her half brother, Joseph RoyaU, Jr.

Katherine Banks RoyaU Isham, the last member of the h t generatioa reside& of Dogham, died in 1686.
She and her ~ U S ~ ~ J U I S
                      helped transform V         i from a small colony struggling to exist to an increasingly
prosperous society governed by self confide& men of substance accustomedto authority.Sometime after
 1678 when M r Isham Randolph and Anne Isham iuherited the property from their brother, Henry Isham
             ay
II, ownership of ~ogham           back to their half brother, ~osephR&d, or hia desceadants. It ranained
in the hands of the Royal1 family until 1929,although at some point, Dogham was apparently divided
betweenRoyaUfamilymanben. Thedeedssometimesrec0rdthe~mpmyasberng300acres.'"

By 1898 John Pleasant Royall owned 578 l/r acres of the original 600 anes patented by Joseph Royall.
John Pleasant Royall's will, probated July 21, 1898,divided the property between his daughters, Ida and
Alice. Ida received the house at Dcgbam and 300 acres. Alice meived 278 % acres of the neighboring              .
                                 In
estate Royall called ~iverview!~ May 1929,Ida Royall Hogan and her son William Lewis Hogan sold
DoghamtoJamsPiaclmey~ofRichmo~Vu~.This~onretumedDoghamtothe
                        ahrn
Isbam d e w m h t s of K t e i e Baolu. Henry Isham was the sixth great-grandtitk of Mr. Hamson.
James Plnckoey Harrison died m 1968,leaving Dogham to his son Jameg Pidmey Harrison, Jr. His sister,
RoxaneHarrisoa~U,balnrsbaadandtheirchildreninafamily~p,theDoghamP~~~hip,
purchased Dogham in 1988.Subsequently Mr. & Mrs. Mitchell gave their inter*rtsto their children so ta
                                                                                                    ht
Dogham Farm is now owned by Mr. and Mrs. James Pikney Harrison's Mitchell grandchildren,direct
descendants of Henry and Katherine Isham.

Dogham House

W e early Charles City County deed books, order books and various family members' wills make
reference to Dogham, it is di£ticult to determine when the earliest portions of the house were constructed.
Oral tradition in the Royall M y dates the house to 1652.~ publicafioos describing historic Virginia
                                                               Two
 NPS Form 10900-a                                                                    OMB No.1024-0018
(8-86)

United States Department of the Interior
National Park Service

NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES

Section    8               page-7-                                                         Dogham
                                                                             Charles City County, Virginia


plantations also date Dogham to 1652.      "Neither publication, however, identiiies its source. The repair
and restoration done in 1989 showed the house to be of early construction, but no conclusive evidence was
found to prove or disprove a 17th century origin.23In 1997 and again in June 1998, Mark R. Wenger,
Architectural Historian of Colonial W i b u r g , inspected the house. In Mr. Wenger's opinion portions
of the house may well date to the early 18th century,other portions to a later date, but no later than 1810."
In his letter evaluating Dogham Mr. Wenger states that whatever the date of the earliest podon of the
house:

      Dogbarn is extraordinary for having been framed wt joists beanng on ledgers in the
                                                           ih
      nail period. Also unusual is the dormer placement that arises from this framing techniqw. I
      can recall no other early examples of these f*ituns,though others doubtless exist. Finally the
      house is very important for the early appearauce of circular-sawn material in the roof frame.
                                                         h
      Dogham thus represents an importaut detour in t e evolution of framing techniques here in
      Virginia. Even if om were to ignore the potentially early date ofthe structure, its importaut
      historical associations and the rich life thcn early in this century,the aaomalous frame of this
      house would be more tban sufficient to wanant is inclusion on the N a t h d Register.
                                                         t

During restoration work in 1989 it was revealed ta the eastem 60% of the house is theearliest portion,
                                                  ht
constructed with post and girth hnmg of hand-bewn oak. Structuraljoints "are laboriously pit sawn and
hand-hewn into interloclang shapes and held fast by wooden pins."u Individual studs and posts are
identified by large Roman numerals. The western 40% of the house was built at a later date using pine
i s e d of oak and different construction techniques." During restoration it was as0 evident the house bad
 nta
been repaired many times with extensive remodeling in the mid 19th century.n Charles City County tax
records for 1865 c r y a d o n ta taxes were reduced due to damages.* M s likely these were
                   ar              ht                                         ot
sustained during the Civil War either during the Union army's retrcat to Harrison's Landing firom Malvem
Hill in 1862 or during later &knishes. A number of Civil-war muskets and a cavalry saber remained in the
house when the cretownen aquued the property. Civil War era minie balls, a hand grenade and shell
                  urn
fragments have been discovered on the property.

The seven contributing outbuildin8s on t e property are typical agricuhd buildings constructed in the
                                          h
2 0 century for tenants, storage, or to house chickens or c&r birds and horses. The brickyard, though
     ~
currently overgrown, contains three round brick ldlns and piles of brick. William H. Panish of Richmond
operated a commercial brick manufactory here firom the 1840s through the 1890s. The Royall family
cemetery, also overgrown, contains marken for seven family members includq John Pleasant Royall, his
wife and daughten.

The Mitchell family is concerned t a real estate development moving west from Williamsburg and east
                                  ht
from Richmond will eventually swallow up the land in Charles City County between the James River and
                                                                                        . .
Virginia Route 5 and some of the m s historic areas in the count^^. They have carefdy mmtamd the
                                  ot
house and have preserved the open character of the surrounding farmland.
NPS Fonn 10900-a                                                                                 OMB No. 1024-0018
(8-86)

        tts
United S a e Department of the Interior
               evc
National Park S r i e

NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES

Scin 9
 eto                             pase-8-                                                                     Dosham
                                                                                          h r e iy
                                                                                         C a l s C t County,V r i i
                                                                                                             igna


Blbliognphy

Charles City County, General lndcx to Deeds.

Charles City County, Land Books.

Charles City County. Wi Book 7.

                                                igna -
Harris, John Royall. '"Ihe Colonial Royalls of V r i i "
                                                     .fo                                   Vol. V.
          Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company. 1981.

Harrison. James Finckney. Letts dated M y 8, 1956 to M s Ralph T.Cattaall with infamation on the
                                       a              r.
          date of cQnsmction for Dogham.
Lance, Keith Curry. "The Isham Descent of Sane Fouruhng Fathrs of the United Stata of Amria"
         Genealogical C M compiled 1998. Bod&, Colarado Library.

Nugent, Nell M rm
              ai
         Richmod V            i State Library.
                          .      .
Phinny, Mary Allen A Bnef H~storv Jirab Ishslll. Rutlaad, V .The Tuttle Publishiug C m p y (no d t )
                                of                         T                                    ae.

P i e l l , Royall E. The Rovall Familv ofAmerieg Privately published 1961. Courtesy ofKeith C V Lancc, 9446 W. 104*
                                                                                              U
Court, Westminsta,Co 80021-3885.

Royall, Tub. L t e dated 8/21/28 to Mrs. Ida Royall Hogan enclosing Royall f d y pealogical information. Original iu
                 etr
possession of Mr. and Mrs. Robert H Mitchell, Jr.

                                                   arsn
Royall, Tucker. Letter dated 8/7/37 to J. Pioclmy Hrio povidmg Royall family genealogical information. Copy in
possession of Mr. and Mrs. Robat H. Mitchell, Jr.

Rouse, ParLc, Jr.    h Jlnmr A Nation
                    I e                                            i
                                                        Richmond, D& Re% 1990.

Stanard, Mary' NeWmn                             Rebelli9p New York,Wasbgton: The Neal Publishing Company. 1907.
                     H.
Tyler, D. Gardiner. A''
                                     .-. .   .                             V   ' '    Privately published by D. Gardna
Tyler, 1990. C q y in poracsrioa of Robut H Mitchell, Jr.

Virginia Colonial Abstmck V o u . Charles City Court Orders 1655-58. Richmond, V          i State Library.
Wenger, MarL R.. Architeciwd Histaim, Colcmial Willinmaburg. Letts dated W 9 8 to Mr. and Mrs. Robat H. Mitchell.
Jr., cmuxmhg likely Mlstruction dates of Dogham house.

Will of Hauy Isham @) dated Novemba 13,1678. Copy of original in possession of Dogham Cnnplny at Dogham, 1601
Dcgbam Lane,Charles City. VA 23030.

Witten-     James P. and Coski, Johu M. Charles Citv Countv: Aa.-
                                                                       .   .         Privately p u b W by James P
Wittenburg, 1989.
NPS Form 10900a                                                                 OMB No. 10244018
(8435)

United States merit of the Interior
National Park Saice
NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES

                                                                                    Dogham
                                                                    Charles City County, Viginia


Geogrnpbial Data

UTM References

         Zone   Eastion          Northing

         18      301290          4137650
         18      301640          4137610
         18      301640          4137480
         18      301710          4137460
         18      301760          4137600
         18      302390          4137620
         18      302820          4137410
         18      302640          4136580
         18      302160          4136850
         18      301760          4136830
         18      301050          4137250


Verbal Boundary Description
The Dogham Farm property is idenIi6ed as W a City County tax pards 35-6 (main hact of 293 acres)
and 35-5 (brickyard hact ofappmxbateIy 19 acns).

Boundary Justiiication

The approximaccly 3 12 apes making up Doglum Farm is the area inherited by Ida Royal1 Hogan from her
fatha, John P. Royall, pa his will of 1898 and t m d i t i d y known as "Dogham"
NPS Form 10900%                                                                 OMB No. 1024JX318
(8-86)
United States Depuiment of the lnterior
National Park Service
NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES

Section-photo List        Page_lO-                                                 Dogham
                                                                    Charles City County, Virginia

Photographs

The following items of infonuation are common to all photographs:

Name of Property:         Dogham Farm
Location:                 Charles city County, V i
Location &Negatives:      V      i merit of Historic Resources (VDHR)

1.      View of exterior h m the northwest
        Photographer: Scon Brooks-Milla, VDHR, November 1998
        Negative #: 17484
2.      View of south from of original d o n of house
        Photographer: Scott Brooks-Miller, VDHR, November 1998
        Negative #: 17484

3.      View of 1940s addition h m t e southsl
                                    h
        Photographer Scon Brooks-Miller, VDHR, November 1998
       'Negative #: 17484

4.      View of center hall in original d o n of house
        Photographer: Scott Brooks-Miller, VDHR, November 1998
        Negative #: 17484
5.      View of palIoI
        Photographcr: Scott Brooks-Miller, VDHR, November 1998
        Negative #: 17484

6.      View of dining mom
        P h o t o g a p k SaHt Brocks-Miller, VDHR, Novembex 1998
        Negakive #: 17484

7.      V e of flower mom.
         iw
        Pbotojyapk Scott BBroolrMillu, VDHR,November 1998
        Negative #: 17484

8.      View of flower room
                        cn
        Photographer S o Brooks-Miller, VDHR, November 1998
        Negative #: 17484

9.      View of grouping of outbuildings
        Photographer: John G. Zchma, VDHR, April 1999
        Negative #: 17498
10.     View of brickyard ruins
        Photographer: John G. Zehmcr,VDHR, April 1999
        Negative #: 17498
NPS Form 109W-a                                       OMB No.l024M)18
(8-86)

United States Depattmeot of thc Intcrior
National Park Stnice
NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES

Section-Skach      Map-              pa@-11-                   Dosham
                                               cllnrles City County, Vuginia

				
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