An Introduction to the Trojan War by Ked51li


									An Introduction to the Trojan War

                 With emphasis given to
                  the place and position
                  of Odysseus and his
                  epic poem.
Review: Myths
 A myth is an explanation of something in nature; how
 everything in the universe came into existence (men,
 animals, trees, the sun, earthquakes, etc) and all that

 Myths are early science but also entertainment

 Greek mythology is made up of stories about gods and
Greek Pantheon
The universe created the gods who lived on Mount Olympus.

Zeus, god of the sky
• Athena: goddess of wisdom
• Helen: most beautiful woman

Poseidon, god of the sea
• Charybdis: devourer of land
• Polyphemus: chief monster of the Cyclopes
• Aeolus: keeper of winds

Hades, god of the underworld
• Morpheus: god of sleep and dreams
Origins of the Trojan War
 Took place between approximately 1260-1250 B.C.

 Archaeological remains provide evidence that there
 was a war but cause unknown.

 Scholars believe the war began over control of the
 trade route between the Aegean Sea and the Black
 Sea between the Trojans and Greeks.

 Ancient mythology states that the war began over a
 single woman, Helen, queen of Sparta.
Marriage of Peleus and Thetis
 All gods on Olympus invited except ERIS, the evil
 goddess of Discord

 Apple inscribed with “For The Fairest”

 Apple Claimants:
 – Hera, queen of the gods
 – Athena, goddess of war and wisdom
 – Aphrodite, goddess of love

 Paris, Prince of Troy, will be the judge
The Bribe
            Hera - POWER

            Athena - WISDOM

            Aphrodite – HOT BODY,
              BEAUTIFUL WOMAN

            Paris chooses Aphrodite
Helen of Troy   Helen- beautiful daughter of
                King of Sparta (in Greece)

                Helen has many suitors-
                they swear oath to protect
                Helen and her new husband

                Father chooses Menelaus-
                makes him King of Sparta

                Paris abducts Helen

                1000 ships, including
                Odysseus & Achilles, leave
                for Troy
Gods Take Sides: Trojans

                  Ares, god of war
                  Apollo, sun god
                  Artemis, goddess of the hunt
                  Zeus (neutral)
Gods Take Sides: Greeks

Trojan War: The Battle
                Ten years of
                  – hand to hand combat.
                  – periods of temporary
                    truce to bury the dead
                  – no fighting after
Trojan War: Odysseus’ Trick
                Greeks build a gigantic hollow
                horse and hide inside

                Sinon chosen to tell a tale of the
                Greeks leaving

                Priest Laocoon tried to warn
                Trojans “I fear the Greeks even
                when they bear gifts”

                Poseidon sent serpent to kill
Trojan War: Surprise Attack
                  Trojans thought they had

                  Sinon tells them horse is
                  an offering to Athena - big
                  so Trojans wouldn’t take it

                  Trojans fall for it and drag
                  horse into city gates to
                  temple of Athena
Trojan War: The Sacking of Troy
                  In middle of night Greeks leave
                  horse and attack

                  Troy is in flames before Trojans
                  know what has happened

                  King of Troy dead

                  Women and Children become

                  Helen is returned to Menelaus
Odysseus’ Mistakes
 Trojans were slaughtered and city sacked and burned

 Greeks violated Trojan temples

 Greeks did not offer sacrifices to the gods to thank them
 for their victory

 Odysseus, creator of the Horse, will suffer the most
Homer and the Epic Poem
        The Illiad                   The Odyssey
• First written record of    • Describes the 10-year
                               journey of Odysseus as he
  Greece                       tries to go home to Ithaca
• describes the events of 51   after the Trojan War
  days during the last year • He and his men face
  of the war when Achilles     monsters, giants,
  kills Hector                 cannibals, temptation, and

  500 year gap between the actual war and when the
  story was written down in 725 BCE.
Epic Poems
   An epic is a story-poem about a great hero who
   performs daring deeds that require superhuman

   Told orally, not written, recited from memory by
   minstrels (traveling entertainers)

   In Greek epics the gods either help or hinder the hero,
   like in The Odyssey, Poseidon hinders Odysseus while
   Athena helps him
Activity: Timed Writing

 Using what you have learned in class, write
 a short tabloid-style story that highlights a
 character or event that is central to the
 Trojan War. Please pay attention to all
 standard writing conventions (i.e. spelling,
 capitalization, punctuation, etc.)
Paris is for Lovers
No, not that Paris

    The King of Troy can’t seem to keep his boys in their chambers, as the impetuous and
    impulsive Paris, Prince of Troy, secreted himself off to Sparta for a Mediterranean jaunt.
    Hector, the busy-body older brother, followed “to keep him out of trouble.”

    Hector’s best efforts failed, though, as he and his younger brother beat a hasty retreat to
    the war drums of 1000 Greek ships. Their misdeed: taking another man’s wife.

    Helen, the princess of Sparta famed for her beauty and rumored to be an illegitimate
    child of Zeus, had been promised to the much older and battle-maimed Menelaus by her
    father. However, her tastes appear to favor the strength and vitality of youth, as she
    appeared to put up very little struggle while boarding the Trojan ship.

    Mount Olympus presented a very divided front on the issue. The conservative block,
    led by Hera and Poseidon, demanded a swift and immediate return of the Spartan
    property. Meanwhile, the liberal faction of Apollo and Artemis expressed satisfaction
    with the choice. Zeus, who is rumored to be at an undisclosed location with the mortal
    Alcmene, refused to issue a statement.

    When asked for her take on the story, Aphrodite, the goddess of love who recently
    received a prize of her own from Paris, exclaimed with delighted giggle, “Paris really is
    for lovers!”

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