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					 278                                               JEWISH CHARITIES                                                                                                                                                                           JEWISH CHARITIES                                                                                                 279

      A     classification      of    the     1729     cases,      with       English                 1.1      per cent,             F r e n c h 0.5             per cent,       c o m p r i s i n g 14 per cent of the total n u m b e r                                       the       unemployment                        problem.            It    was       the
reference to their period of idleness,                           shows        R u s s i a n 0.6 per cent, A u s t r i a n 1.7 per cent,                                          of     openings,           the      positions             were       not          filled       belief      of        many          that        unemployment                  would
that:                                                                         Asiatic                Turkey               1.1    per        cent,          Switzerland           due to a misunderstanding                                 on the        part of                have       no      footing,              in    Louisville          at    least,    if
                                                   No.     P e r Cent         0.6 per cent, and Italian 6.6 per cent.                                                            the employer w h o failed to m a k e a r r a n g e ­                                           the m a s s e s would turn to the soil.                                  Accord­
      L e s s than 1 month                         345           23.7                 The       large percentage                           of    the        native-born          ments       with           the     foreman            in     charge              of     a      ingly, about 500 "help wanted" cards                                           were
      L e s s than 2 m o n t h s                   458           31.4         is interpreted by the constituency of L o u i s ­                                                  gang.       In still another instance, comprising                                              mailed t o f a r m e r s and land o w n e r s                                 within
      L e s s than 3 m o n t h s                   254           17.          ville's population,                              which        consists             of     but a    3 per cent of the total number of openings,                                                    a radius of                 fifty    miles, asking them t o                       fill
      L e s s than 4 m o n t h s                    129           9.          small percentage of                                foreigners.                                     the call for help was canceled;                                   thus 8 per                   out       same         and      return             to    the      Bureau,         the
      L e s s than 5 months                           97          6.6                 T h o u g h f r o m the v e r y beginning the pre­                                         cent     of the positions                     unfilled        were due                  to     result          of which            was        one      reply.
      L e s s than 6 m o n t h s                      54          3.7         sumption                    was        that        the       Bureau            would         be    the     fact      that       the         Bureau           failed       "to         find             On         the     other            hand,          the     requests          for
      L e s s than 7 m o n t h s                      27           1.8        purely relief, and of t e m p o r a r y nature,                                              its   the right m a n for the right j o b . "                                                        labor received f r o m the f a r m e r s with w h o m
      L e s s than 8 months                           16           1.1        activities c a m e to an end with that of                                                    the                                                                                                  the 28 cases of f a r m help w e r e placed, bore
                                                                                                                                                                                      Painstaking             care         was       exercised               by         the
      Afore than 8 months                             16          5.2         Unemployment                            Fund.                An         attempt'            was                                                                                                   witness           of    the         difficulties         they          underwent
                                                                                                                                                                                 Bureau           in    placing           farm       help.         If    an         em­
      Unknown                                       273                       made              to     find      employment                      with        firms        and                                                                                                   in getting the right kind of help.
                                                                                                                                                                                 ployment              bureau        justifies         its     existence                by
                                                                              individuals.                       An             appeal               to      employers
                                                                                                                                                                                 bringing          together              the    city       man          with            the          The        Bureau in its short-lived period e m ­
      Two        hundred       and    seventy,        or about           18   through the press, personal letters and calls
                                                                                                                                                                                 city    j o b , its        value         is    emphasized              when             it     phasized              the     fact,       for       Louisville          at     least,
per        cent, were unemployed for a period of                              resulted in placing 187 m e n and 46 w o m e n .
                                                                                                                                                                                 succeeds in bringing together the farm hand                                                    that a well-trained,                          disinterested             municipal
idleness          of four m o n t h s and m o r e .              These        A        tabulation                    of        positions              filled          shows:
                                                                                                                                                                                 with       the    farm.            The        Bureau          succeeded                 in     e m p l o y m e n t bureau would be of inestimable
were not of the "won't w o r k " class.                       In the          Male—apprentices and boys 4, clerks 2, car­
                                                                                                                                                                                 placing          28    farm         and       dairy         hands,          70     per         value both to the city and its u n e m p l o y e d ;
majority           of cases     idleness        was    due t o a d ­          riage             woodworker                      1, carpenters 4,                      cement
                                                                                                                                                                                 cent,      with        fully       10 per           cent     pending,                  not     but    the none too satisfactory placement of
vanced           age.                                                         workers                 3, c o o k s 2, day w o r k e r s                           52,     dish
                                                                                                                                                                                 heard f r o m , at the Bureau's close as a re­                                                 farm        labor d e m o n s t r a t e d that the problem
      A s to the length of residence in Louisville                            washers                 2, drivers                3, elevator                operator         1,
                                                                                                                                                                                 lief    station.                                                                               of    the unemployed, particularly of the                                         un­
                                                                              factory                workers              3,    farm        and           dairy        hands
the 1729 cases classify as f o l l o w s :                                                                                                                                            It is probably opportune to mention here                                                  skilled,          cannot            be        solved     by     the      so-often
                                                                              28,          fireman             1, gardeners                 2, handy               men      7,
                                                                                                                                                                                 that the farm w a s looked upon as a test of                                                   prescribed m o v e m e n t "back t o the                                  soil."
                                                                              janitor                1,        laborers              50,        painters,             paper-
                                                   No.     P e r Cent
                                                                              hangers and plasterers                                   10, solicitors 2, tin­
      Born        in Louisville                    348           23.
                                                                              ner          1,    tobacco              stemmers                  4,    all      others' 3.
      L e s s than one year                           65          4.3                                                                                                                    R E L A T I O N OF I N D U S T R I A L                                               CONDITIONS TO CHARITABLE
                                                                              Female—cooks                           2,        day     workers              9,        factory
      One        year                                 37          2.6
      Two        years                                88          5.8
                                                                              w o r k e r s 9, general h o u s e w o r k e r s 9, house­                                                                                                                ORGANIZATIONS
                                                                              keepers s,                  housemaid                  1, laundress                 1, sales­
      T h r e e years                                 88          5.8
                                                                              ladies 2, seamstresses 6, stenographer I , all                                                                                                                                      By Charles Strull
      P o u r years                                   45          3.
                                                                              others             1.         In       addition              to        the     above,        75
      F i v e years                                   66          4.35            r
                                                                                                                                                                                      Certain          as     it    is     that      this      country,                 al­     effect      it has had upon the budgets and ac­
                                                                              w omen were given                                 temporary employment
      Six       years                                 37          2.6                                                                                                            though at peace, has felt the effects                                        of        in­     tivities of these organizations.                                  The follow­
                                                                              at the             "Bundle              D a y " shop                   under        the     au­
      Seven years                                     35          2.3                                                                                                            dustrial         depression              in    the    past        year,           it    is     ing questions                 were propounded :
                                                                              spices            of        the    Salvation                 Army.
      E i g h t years                                 29          2.                                                                                                             equally certain that there has been an o v e r ­                                                    (1)        Lias y o u r organization suffered a r e ­
      N i n e years                                    8           .05                These           various              placements                  comprise            60    indulgence in "calamity talk."                                   T h e psychic                 duction           in    receipts              during        the    past       year?
      Ten       years'                                47          3.2         per          cent       of the total requisitions                                  for m a l e     effect      upon           some         people       of      "hard           times"            If    so, h o w         much?
      Longer                                       620        41.             help          and           34    per        cent        female              help       placed     scares, frequently, results in increasing busi­                                                     (2)        H a v e y o u met with a deficit?                              How
      Not       known                              216                        with          the           Bureau.                No         excuse           could         be    ness       stagnation             to     an    extent         not       justified              much ?
                                                                              offered             for          the        low        percentage              of        place­    by     the true e c o n o m i c conditions.                            It is un­                    (3)        Is y o u r deficit              due to a decrease                  in
                                                  1729      100.              ments of                 female help, excepting                                the        state­   doubtedly             true        that    part       of     the       industrial               i n c o m e or an              increase             in expenditures,               or
                                                                              ment that of the non-filled positions 36 per                                                       crisis which is generally prevailing t h r o u g h ­                                           both?
      O n l y 4.3       per cent     of   the     applicants       bad        cent         fall in the "domestic service"                                          classifi­     out     the      country            has       been        caused            in     this             (4)        W h a t has y o u r organization done, or
n o t acquired a legal residence in Louisville,                               cation and                    15 per cent                  were in            canvassing           way.                                                                                           what does it contemplate doing, to r e m e d y
wdiich indicates that the o v e r w h e l m i n g mass                        and          soliciting             lines.             A      large          number          of         The      most         palpable            effect       of       this        crisis        the       situation,           such           as    soliciting          increased
•of       the    unemployed        was      not    composed             of    those placed in domestic service w e r e placed                                                    wdiich has             c o m e to the attention                        of        social        subscriptions or n e w subscriptions, or rais­
the        hobo     or    migratory         worker,        and     that       out of t o w n .                                                                                   workers           has       been         the     unusual             extent             of     ing m o n e y in any other way ?

the c o m m u n i t y was justified               in m a k i n g an                   Of    the        40 per cent                   of the           positions           for    unemployment,                     with        its    concomitant                       re­          (5)        Please        state           what      success         you    have
effort to offer a helping hand to those wdio                                  males left                  unfilled the B u r e a u accounts                               for    sults, poverty and suffering,                               resulting             in a         had        in    meeting            your           deficit,     and      in    what
in     their      daily pursuits          had     contributed           to    them in the f o l l o w i n g m a n n e r :                                   In one in­           drain upon the resources                             of charitable o r ­                       m a n n e r y o u r extra                     funds      were          raised?
its       welfare.                                                                                                                                                               ganizations to their fullest limit.                                                                 (6)        H a s the industrial depression                               affect­
                                                                              stance, where the requisition                                           comprised            15
      A    classification      of cases with full records                     per          cent       of the total                   number of                   openings,            A t the suggestion of the editor of J E W I S H                                           ed    your         subscriptions                   to    any      considerable
according to nativity and birthplaces s h o w s :                             the          Bureau               made            no     attempt              to     fill   the    CHARITIES the                   writer        sent      out      a     question­               extent ?
Native           white    70   per    cent,     colored      14 per           vacancies w h e n it learned the w a g e offered                                                   naire to about fifty Jewish                               charity o r g a n i ­                     (7)        H a v e the          solicitations             for      funds     by
cent, G e r m a n 8 per cent, Irish 1.7 per cent,                             was          below            standard.                In another                  instance,       zations          with       a      view        of     ascertaining                     the     the A m e r i c a n Jewish                         Relief      C o m m i t t e e or
 280                                             JEWISH CHARITIES                                                                                                                                               JEWISH CHARITIES                                                                                     281

 by other organizations for the relief of the                               incurred         for    the      year     1914         amounting        to                                                                                    activities.          The     subscribers                 of    the     Louis­
                                                                                                                                                         tion     with     this    it    is     also     noteworthy               that
 Jewish          w a r sufferers        in any w a y          affected     about $8000 w a s raised in one week.                                Most                                                                                      ville Federation at its last annual meeting in
                                                                                                                                                         solicitations         by the         A m e r i c a n Jewish              Re­
 collections of funds' for your local p u r p o s e s ?                    of the other cities had not done                              anything                                                                                         January         adopted          a     resolution                  instructing
                                                                                                                                                         lief C o m m i t t e e and other organizations for
      (8)    H a s your organization                  discontinued         to meet the deficit, but w e r e contemplating                                                                                                                 the    Board         of    Directors               not        to    curtail    a
                                                                                                                                                         the relief of Jewish                 w'ar sufferers has had
 any regular activities or reduced the budget                              general solicitations                for n e w and increased                                                                                                   single activity            of    the        Federation,              and    ex­
                                                                                                                                                         no appreciable effect upon the funds of the
 of    expenditures            of    your present        activities        subscriptions.                                                                                                                                                 pressed its confidence in the Jewish                                  citizens
                                                                                                                                                         regular       organizations.                But      the    most          en­
 on account of the present industrial crisis?                                  Tn reply to question                   N o . 6, Indianapolis,                                                                                              to support the Federation liberally through
                                                                                                                                                         couraging sign of all is the fact that not a
      Replies      were        received      from      twenty      or­     Mobile, Milwaukee, Memphis, N e w Haven,                                                                                                                       its present          crisis.
                                                                                                                                                         single     city      reported          a    curtailment             of     its
 ganizations           in both        small and large           cities     Cincinnati, D e n v e r , D e t r o i t and                  Louisville
 located in different sections of the country.                             reported         "no."        C o l u m b u s stated          that     the
 O n e fact stands out v e r y prominently in all                          industrial depression had affected their sub­
                                                                                                                                                           A D D R E S S OF D A V I D M . BRESSLER A T SABSOVICH                                                                             MEMORIAL
 these answers, namely, that the Jewish citi­                              scription to a small extent.                      T h e same reply
 zens       in   all    of   these     cities    are    heroically         was given by St. L o u i s and Chicago. O t h e r                                                                        To Jewish Social Workers of New York City
 standing         by their          respective       organizations         cities reported that the effect upon smaller
                                                                                                                                                           T h i s service in c o m m e m o r a t i o n of a m a n                        compassion, sustained by faith, with insight
 and are liberally contributing to the chari­                              subscribers w a s offset by increases of larger
                                                                                                                                                         w h o was loved of all w h o k n e w him, lays-                                  as well        as    sight.           Such a man could                      not
 ties to enable them t o meet the                        increased         subscribers.
                                                                                                                                                         stress    on the m o r e abiding and                        significant          rest     content          without           expressing              this    fine
 needs       of their        dependents.
                                                                               In answer to question N o . 7 , Indianapolis,                                                                                                              nature in a m o s t emphatic and m o s t con­
                                                                                                                                                         things of h u m a n life.               N o t that the thought
      The    following         is a s u m m a r y of the          re­      M o b i l e , C o l u m b u s , N e w H a v e n , Cincinnati,
                                                                                                                                                         of death t h r o w s a g l o o m over the living, but                            crete       manner, and               emphatically                  and     con­
 plies of various cities:                 In answer to ques-               St. L o u i s , Detroit, Chicago, N e w Y o r k and
                                                                                                                                                         that it makes us see clearer the                           differences           cretely he expressed                       it.     A l t h o u g h his        ac­
 N o . I : Indianapolis, M e m p h i s , N e w H a v e n ,                 Louisville said "no."                 Milwaukee, Memphis,
                                                                                                                                                         between what is transitory and what is en­                                       tivities took certain specific directions, there
 Cincinnati,           Denver,        Syracuse,        Cleveland,          New        Orleans,            Denver,            Cleveland           and
                                                                                                                                                         during. T h e career of H i r s h Sabsovich is re­                               was      not    a movement                   for       the     increase       of
 Detroit,        C h i c a g o and     Louisville       answered           B r o o k l y n said that collections for the regu­
                                                                                                                                                         plete with           results     which          will    endure;           not    h u m a n happiness' wdiich escaped                                 him.      He
 "no."       The        only    cities      wdiich     reported       a    lar charities were affected only to a slight
                                                                                                                                                         only     those       definite        achievements              in    social      was not only a pioneer a m o n g Jewish social
 decrease         were         Milwaukee,         with        $2000;       degree.
                                                                                                                                                         work      by      which        he    will       be     professionally            w o r k e r s ; he was not only the professional
 C o l u m b u s , $500; N e w Orleans, with an e x ­                          In reply to question N o . 8,                       Indianapolis,         remembered,            but     by the           influence           he    has    social w o r k e r ; he w a s not only the                                immi­
 pected reduction for 1915 of $5000; B r o o k ­                           Mobile,         Milwaukee,            Columbus,             Memphis,          had      on those        who knew               him through                an    gration         or     agricultural                    expert;        or      the
 lyn, about $25,000, and N e w Y o r k ,                   a little        New       Orleans, Cincinnati, D e n v e r ,                  Detroit,        unswerving love of and a p r o f o u n d devotion                                founder         of    Woodbine;                   or     the       proponent
 over $8000.           Detroit and Cleveland reported                     Louisville,         Chicago, and                Brooklyn           replied     to all things high and g o o d .                       The memory                for     a    school        of        Jewish            philanthropy—he
increases in their receipts for the past year.                            "no."       Cleveland reported that n e w activi­                              of him will live unto future generations, for                                    w a s all these, but m o r e ; for his vision                                 led
   In reply to question N o . 2 :                    Indianapolis,        ties had been added.                                                           I believe that true love of f e l l o w m a n                             sets   him to see that the social w o r k e r m u s t be
Mobile,          Columbus,          Memphis,     New      Haven,                                                                                         into motion spiritual forces which are not                                       a     social    force,       giving              the    impulse        to     in­
                                                                               T o emphasize the salient                     facts     deducible
Cincinnati, D e n v e r , Syracuse and Louisville                                                                                                        futile    and by which                  other        men       may        live   creased measures of social r e f o r m and help­
                                                                          from       those        replies     are     these:          With       the
answered "no."               M i l w a u k e e reported a defi­                                                                                          better.                                                                          ing     to     awaken        a larger              social          conscience
                                                                          exception          of    a few        cities,    there       has     been
cit of $2000; N e w Orleans, $8000; St. L o u i s ,                                                                                                                                                                                       not only a m o n g individuals, but on the part
                                                                          no reduction in receipts of charity organiza­
less than $2000; Detroit, $5000; B r o o k l y n ,                                                                                                         A s I r e m e m b e r him, his quiet charm, the
                                                                          tions      thus     far.        Practically          all     organiza­                                                                                          of city and           state.
$6300, and N e w Y o r k , $33,500.                                                                                                                      depth of his character, the balance of                                     his
                                                                          tions      have     had to increase                their      expendi­                                                                                              He       was     avid        of    learning;               witness        his
                                                                                                                                                         excellent nature—as I think over the m a n i ­
   In reply to question                  N o . 3 very f e w        of     tures due to the enlarged needs of the poor.
                                                                                                                                                         fold activities of his life, the variety of his                                  academic            career.           He         was     a     constructive
the cities stated that the deficit was caused                             The      m o s t general w a y of meeting                          deficits
                                                                                                                                                         interests, the range of his m i n d — o n e thing                                pioneer;           witness           his         Woodbine             achieve­
by a decrease in income or whether due to                                 or increasing funds with which to meet in­
                                                                                                                                                         stands out ineffaceable—his                          great and lov­              ment.          He     was        a    statesman;               witness        his
an increase in expenditures.                                              creased demands' was by direct                             solicitation
                                                                                                                                                         ing soul.       A l l else sinks into the b a c k g r o u n d                    activities in behalf of the m a n y m o v e m e n t s
   Question N o . 4 :            In reply to this Indian­                 in   preference           to    the    giving        of     entertain­
                                                                                                                                                         —career, achievement, results—and the m a n ,                                    for the welfare of the Jewish immigrant.
apolis reported that their subscriptions were                             ments,          bazars,    etc.,      which        seem       to     have
                                                                                                                                                         the soul of the man, is revealed.                                                    His      whole        life       was         replete with          whole­
double last year, due to a visit                       by Judge           been     abandoned             by     all    progressive            com­
                                                                                                                                                            The     thought            has      often     occurred to               me    s o m e thinking and feeling.                           Goodness, sym­
M a c k and M r . R o s e n w a l d .         A l l other cities          munities.         It is also important to point out
                                                                                                                                                         that earnestly as one labors in his                                 chosen       pathy, were things                    innate in him, not                      ac­
reported         that    efforts      are    being      made      by      that m o s t cities have been able to increase
                                                                                                                                                         w o r k , certain practical necessities and c o m ­                              quired.         He        was        quiet        and     simple,          never
direct solicitation of increased subscriptions                            their      receipts       if    sufficient         and      persistent
                                                                                                                                                         promises prevent the w o r l d f r o m seeing                                a   obtruding.           H e had no use for cynics or a
to a u g m e n t their income.                                            effort     is    m a d e to g o after              it.     While       the
                                                                                                                                                         man      as     he    truly      is.       Death        erases           these   cynical philosophy of life.                             F r o m the v e r y
  Question          No.      5 was       answered        by     Mil­      industrial depression seems to have cut into
                                                                                                                                                         limitations.             It    illumines             the   soul.           As    depths he hated cant and pretense.                                     H e did
waukee, Syracuse and Chicago, w h o stated                                the receipts of s o m e of the larger cities it
                                                                                                                                                         though        the     fragments            of     the      personality,          not need to preach idealism; he inclined one
that they had fair success by direct                          solici­     had practically no effect                    upon the          income
                                                                                                                                                         so wonderfully organized for the needs                                      of   to it by the e x a m p l e he set in thought and
tation,     and by letter             appeals    sent     out     by      of   the        organizations          in    the     cities    of      the
                                                                                                                                                         life, had at one stroke been bound together                                      deed.
the president.           Louisville conducted a c a m ­                   second and third c l a s s e s ; the losses                     result­
                                                                                                                                                         by the transfiguration w r o u g h by death.                                         A n d all who k n e w him reverenced h i m —
paign       during       which         various       committees           ing f r o m the discontinuance                      of small sub­
                                                                                                                                                            T h u s enabled to see him m o r e clearly, he                                not with that qualifying respect given t o age
solicited        increased       subscriptions         and      new       scriptions'       were         more     than        offset     by      in­
                                                                                                                                                         n o w stands before us as a man w h o had an                                     or achievement—they loved him because he
subscriptions with the result that the deficit                            creases and n e w subscriptions.                          I n connec-
                                                                                                                                                         irresistible         love      of      humanity;           a    soul        of   had a great heart and a noble soul.                                        True,

				
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