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Basic Skills of Soccer A presentation Prepared for Dr. Abu Hailal, By Fahad Al-Shammari 226914 Table of Contents * A brief history of football. * Football Skills: * Tackling Methods. * Control Skills. * Heading Techniques. * Passing Skills. * Kicking Techniques. Table of contents History of Soccer Around 2nd and 3rd centuries B.C., a game involving kicking a ball in a net was exercised by Chinese military. Ancient Greeks and Romans were playing a soccer-type games with teams up to 27 players. Actually, it is hard to determine exactly where the soccer first started, but evidences agree that football ( soccer ) was played over 3000 years. England and Scotland are considered the founders of the modern soccer, where the game became popular in the 8th century and on. The popularity of soccer may be easy to understand since no complicated equipment are required. Table of contents SKILLS 1- Soccer Tackling Methods Table of contents A) The block tackle. The block tackle starts by planting the non-tackling foot firmly on the ground to provide a firm anchor. The inside of the foot is used for tackling, not the toe, and it's important to put the full weight of the body behind the football, and to get the head down over the ball. In the photographs, notice how the player making the tackle is well-balanced, but the player being tackled has been caught off balance. B) Sliding Tackle (Recovery tackle). The sliding tackle or recovery tackle is an essential soccer skill requiring timing and technique. It's not just defenders, who need to be able to tackle. Even forwards should be able to make a sliding tackle. The football team that can tackle well can take much of the initiative away from the opposition, denying them space, and putting them under pressure. Table of contents 2- Control Skills A) Foot Control. Control with foot when receiving the ball requires soft touch in which the foot is withdrawn on contact. The amount of give depends on how quickly the ball is coming. B) Chest Control. In all chest control skills, the best technique is to present the whole of the chest to the ball, rather than attempting to take the ball sideways on. The ball can be deflected to the side by turning the upper body on contact. When passing the ball, the chest is kept rigid, but to stop the ball, the upper body should be relaxed, and the legs are used to drop the chest on impact like dropping a platform. When the ball is bouncing upwards from the ground, the best method is to get over the ball, and deflect it into the ground. If the ball is arriving on the full, point the chest upwards at an angle to the ball. The 360 degree turn is achieved by deflecting the ball behind, and ducking underneath the ball as it passes. C) Thigh Control. Thigh control skill in soccer is required when the football arrives at awkward heights above the knee, but too low to head or chest down. The key is to withdraw the thigh on impact to cushion the ball. It's also possible to deflect the ball by rotating the thigh and glancing the ball to the side. Only a small nudge is usually necessary to guide the ball, and coaches should encourage players to deflect the ball and turn in one movement. D) Head Control. The aim of the control header is to drop the ball to feet as soon as possible. Make contact with the ball in the centre of your forehead, and use your whole body as a shock absorber to cushion the ball. In particular, bend your knees to drop your upper body and arch your back on impact. Your head must be upwards when you receive the ball, in order to cushion it. If you try to head the ball down, you will knock it to the ground, but you will not be able to take the pace off the ball. Let gravity drop the ball to your fee. Table of contents 3- Heading Techniques A) Defensive Heading. Defensive header techniques in soccer enable a player to direct the ball upwards in such situations as clearing the football from defense. The key to this skill is to start with the forehead underneath the ball, so that the head can move upwards to attack the ball. During training sessions, this point needs to be emphasized by coaches. The secret to heading upwards is that your eyes remain below the ball, so that at the moment your forehead makes contact with the ball, your head is moving upwards. Use your legs to push yourself upwards just before heading the ball as this helps to obtain good distance. B) Attacking Heading. The attacking header requires getting the forehead and eyes over the ball, so that the ball can be attacked from above. Beginners often have trouble timing the header, and end up hitting the nose or the top of the head, so coaches should start young children with a soft ball. Obviously, it's important to watch the football carefully! Balance is another point to watch, and beginners should try to get their feet into position early, so that they are behind the ball. Better players should work on meeting crosses on the move, so that their momentum helps to add power to header, and to avoid being caught static by defenders. C) Flick-on Heading. This heading is used as a kind of passing the ball over the opponent. Table of contents 4- Passing Skills For short passing, use the inside of the foot as shown in the picture. Instep is better used for long distance passing. Back heel is used to pass the ball to a player in behind. This is shown in the picture below. When ball arrive at height above the knee, the ideal situation is to use side volley pass as shown. Table of contents 5- Kicking Techniques The photographs demonstrate the right and wrong way to kick a football. The instep, the part of the foot where the laces are, provides both power and control. The most common mistake made by beginners is to use the toe. Not only is this painful if somebody tackles hard when you are trying to Use the instep to kick with power and kick, but it is terribly inaccurate. The accuracy. advantage of the instep is that it presents a flat surface to the ball, and can also be used to make the ball swerve and dip. The toe presents a curved surface to the ball producing little power and little accuracy. Bending the Ball There are two main methods, namely using the outside of the foot to swerve the ball away from you, or using the inside of the foot to bend the ball inwards. Swerve is produced by kicking the ball off centre on the opposite side to the side you want the ball to swerve to. For example, if you want to bend the ball from right to left with your right foot, you make contact with the ball on the right side using the inside of your foot. To make the ball bend away from you from left to right, kick the ball on the left side using the outside of your foot. A tip for improving your skill using the inside of the foot is to swivel on your non-kicking foot as you kick the ball, but this movement should not be exagerated. Corner kicks The kicking technique for taking corners is usually to use the instep, and to kick low down and slightly across the ball to generate lift and apply spin to the ball. The spin produces swerve, and makes the cross harder for the goalkeeper to cut out. The outside of the foot can also be used to take corner kicks, but most players prefer to use the instep, because it is easier to control. The corner kick is usually aimed in front of the six yard box, but not into the six yard box itself. Anything inside this area will be easily caught by a skilled goalkeeper. Apart from the near and far post crosses, and the flick-on, another option is to play the ball short for a team mate to play the cross. The idea is to change the angle of the cross, and get the ball closer to the goal. Free kicks There are several methods to play a free kick. Some examples are: A direct shot around or over the wall1- A pass to the side of the wall followed by a shot at goal2- Penalty Kicks There are two broad categories of penalty takers, namely "placers" and "blasters". The first technique is to kick the football hard with the instep, whereas the second technique is to use the side of the foot. The advantage of the side foot is accuracy, but it lacks the power of using the instep, and it's important that the ball is struck firmly using this method. The instep method provides plenty of power, but there is more risk of scooping the ball over the cross bar, or snatching at it and dragging it wide of the goal. Whichever technique is used is a matter of personal preference, and in the professional game there are excellent penalty takers using either method. Psychologically, it's important to keep calm, and not allow the goalkeeper to be a distraction when taking a penalty kick. Goalkeepers will try anything to put you off, including jumping up and now and trying to intimidate you. It's best to check the goalkeeper's position in case he is leaving one half of the goal completely open, but be sure to concentrate on the football as you take the tick. Some players find that taking a deep breath before taking a penalty helps. The orange areas are good places to aim the penalty kick, although low or high shots are even better. There is some room for error in case the shot is wider or higher than the target.
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