Basic Skills of
A presentation Prepared for
Dr. Abu Hailal,
Table of Contents
* A brief history of football.
* Football Skills:
* Tackling Methods.
* Control Skills.
* Heading Techniques.
* Passing Skills.
* Kicking Techniques.
contents History of Soccer
Around 2nd and 3rd centuries B.C., a game
involving kicking a ball in a net was
exercised by Chinese military.
Ancient Greeks and Romans were playing a
soccer-type games with teams up to 27
Actually, it is hard to determine exactly
where the soccer first started, but
evidences agree that football ( soccer )
was played over 3000 years.
England and Scotland are considered the
founders of the modern soccer, where the
game became popular in the 8th century
The popularity of soccer may be easy to
understand since no complicated
equipment are required.
1- Soccer Tackling Methods
A) The block tackle.
The block tackle starts by planting the non-tackling foot firmly on the ground to
provide a firm anchor. The inside of the foot is used for tackling, not the toe, and
it's important to put the full weight of the body behind the football, and to get the
head down over the ball. In the photographs, notice how the player making the
tackle is well-balanced, but the player being tackled has been caught off balance.
B) Sliding Tackle (Recovery tackle).
The sliding tackle or recovery tackle is an essential soccer skill requiring timing
and technique. It's not just defenders, who need to be able to tackle. Even
forwards should be able to make a sliding tackle. The football team that can
tackle well can take much of the initiative away from the opposition, denying
them space, and putting them under pressure.
contents 2- Control Skills
A) Foot Control.
Control with foot when receiving the ball requires soft touch in which
the foot is withdrawn on contact. The amount of give depends on
how quickly the ball is coming.
B) Chest Control.
In all chest control skills, the best technique is to present the whole of the chest to
the ball, rather than attempting to take the ball sideways on. The ball can be
deflected to the side by turning the upper body on contact. When passing the
ball, the chest is kept rigid, but to stop the ball, the upper body should be
relaxed, and the legs are used to drop the chest on impact like dropping a
When the ball is bouncing upwards from the
ground, the best method is to get over the
ball, and deflect it into the ground. If the ball
is arriving on the full, point the chest
upwards at an angle to the ball. The 360
degree turn is achieved by deflecting the ball
behind, and ducking underneath the ball as it
C) Thigh Control.
Thigh control skill in soccer is required when the football arrives at awkward heights above the
knee, but too low to head or chest down. The key is to withdraw the thigh on impact to
cushion the ball. It's also possible to deflect the ball by rotating the thigh and glancing the
ball to the side. Only a small nudge is usually necessary to guide the ball, and coaches
should encourage players to deflect the ball and turn in one movement.
D) Head Control.
The aim of the control header is to drop the
ball to feet as soon as possible. Make
contact with the ball in the centre of your
forehead, and use your whole body as a
shock absorber to cushion the ball. In
particular, bend your knees to drop your
upper body and arch your back on
impact. Your head must be upwards
when you receive the ball, in order to
cushion it. If you try to head the ball
down, you will knock it to the ground,
but you will not be able to take the pace
off the ball. Let gravity drop the ball to
contents 3- Heading Techniques
A) Defensive Heading.
Defensive header techniques in soccer enable a player to direct
the ball upwards in such situations as clearing the football
from defense. The key to this skill is to start with the
forehead underneath the ball, so that the head can move
upwards to attack the ball. During training sessions, this
point needs to be emphasized by coaches.
The secret to heading upwards is that your eyes remain below
the ball, so that at the moment your forehead makes
contact with the ball, your head is moving upwards. Use
your legs to push yourself upwards just before heading the
ball as this helps to obtain good distance.
B) Attacking Heading.
The attacking header requires getting the forehead
and eyes over the ball, so that the ball can be
attacked from above. Beginners often have
trouble timing the header, and end up hitting the
nose or the top of the head, so coaches should
start young children with a soft ball. Obviously,
it's important to watch the football carefully!
Balance is another point to watch, and beginners
should try to get their feet into position early, so
that they are behind the ball. Better players
should work on meeting crosses on the move, so
that their momentum helps to add power to
header, and to avoid being caught static by
C) Flick-on Heading.
This heading is used as a kind of passing the ball over the opponent.
contents 4- Passing Skills
For short passing, use the
inside of the foot as
shown in the picture.
Instep is better used for long
Back heel is used to pass the ball to
a player in behind. This is shown
in the picture below.
When ball arrive at height
above the knee, the ideal
situation is to use side
volley pass as shown.
contents 5- Kicking Techniques
The photographs demonstrate the right
and wrong way to kick a football. The
instep, the part of the foot where the
laces are, provides both power and
control. The most common mistake
made by beginners is to use the toe.
Not only is this painful if somebody
tackles hard when you are trying to Use the instep to kick with power and
kick, but it is terribly inaccurate. The accuracy.
advantage of the instep is that it
presents a flat surface to the ball, and
can also be used to make the ball
swerve and dip.
The toe presents a curved surface to the
ball producing little power and little
Bending the Ball
There are two main methods, namely using the outside of the foot to swerve the ball away from
you, or using the inside of the foot to bend the ball inwards. Swerve is produced by kicking
the ball off centre on the opposite side to the side you want the ball to swerve to. For example,
if you want to bend the ball from right to left with your right foot, you make contact with the
ball on the right side using the inside of your foot. To make the ball bend away from you from
left to right, kick the ball on the left side using the outside of your foot. A tip for improving
your skill using the inside of the foot is to swivel on your non-kicking foot as you kick the
ball, but this movement should not be exagerated.
The kicking technique for taking corners is usually to use the instep, and to kick low
down and slightly across the ball to generate lift and apply spin to the ball. The spin
produces swerve, and makes the cross harder for the goalkeeper to cut out. The
outside of the foot can also be used to take corner kicks, but most players prefer to
use the instep, because it is easier to control.
The corner kick is usually aimed in front of the six yard box, but not into the six yard
box itself. Anything inside this area will be easily caught by a skilled goalkeeper.
Apart from the near and far post crosses, and the flick-on, another option is to play
the ball short for a team mate to play the cross. The idea is to change the angle of
the cross, and get the ball closer to the goal.
There are several methods to play a free
kick. Some examples are:
A direct shot around or over the wall1-
A pass to the side of the wall followed by a shot at goal2-
There are two broad categories of penalty takers, namely "placers" and "blasters". The
first technique is to kick the football hard with the instep, whereas the second
technique is to use the side of the foot. The advantage of the side foot is accuracy,
but it lacks the power of using the instep, and it's important that the ball is struck
firmly using this method. The instep method provides plenty of power, but there is
more risk of scooping the ball over the cross bar, or snatching at it and dragging it
wide of the goal. Whichever technique is used is a matter of personal preference, and
in the professional game there are excellent penalty takers using either method.
Psychologically, it's important to keep calm, and not allow the goalkeeper to be a
distraction when taking a penalty kick. Goalkeepers will try anything to put you off,
including jumping up and now and trying to intimidate you. It's best to check the
goalkeeper's position in case he is leaving one half of the goal completely open, but
be sure to concentrate on the football as you take the tick. Some players find that
taking a deep breath before taking a penalty helps.
The orange areas are good places to aim
the penalty kick, although low or high
shots are even better. There is some room
for error in case the shot is wider or
higher than the target.