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JUSTIFICATION

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					JUSTIFICATION

  CHAPTER
     #5
               501. Definitions
• Correctional Institution –      • Deadly Force –

  • Corrections Officer –        • Unlawful Force –

       • Dwelling –                • Bodily Injury –


     • Peace Officer –         • Serious Bodily Injury –
502. Justification a defense

  Justification (self-defense) is a
 __________ for __________ that
results in ________ or __________
    503. Justification generally
• 1. If means to escape are available
  must be used

• 2. When force applied only enough to
  escape
505. Use of force to protect self – deadly
                  force
• 1. Fear of _____________
  2. Fear of _______________ injury
  3. Fear of being ______________
  4. Fear of _____________ assault
     506. Use of force to protect others-
                deadly force
•   1. Fear of _________________
•   2. Fear of _______________ injury
•   3. Fear of _____________________
•   4. Fear of _______________ assault
507. Use of force to protect property
• 1. Must be based on
  the rules of force

• 2. Deadly force
  cannot be applied
  unless       residence
  and only if a
  is in ______________
      508. Use of force by police
• Police Use of deadly force
                if:
 • 1. officer / public in fear
     of ________________
   • Effecting an arrest:
  • 1. if officer loosing the
      ____ & ___ eminent
    • 2. actor committed
   forcible _____ / ______ /
    or detriment to safety of
        ______________
         Use of Force by Police
   • Assailant must have:
            • 1.
            • 2.
            • 3.
• Assailant must be able to
            inflict:
  • Break major bone____
• Create large, gaping ____
 • Damage _______ organ
     • Cause ________
     Court Standards for Police

• 1. Police abuses that could “shock the
  conscience”
• 2. Police abuse is “deliberate
  indifference or reckless disregard” for
  a person’s safety
Excited Delirium (ED)

 Law enforcement challenge
               Definition: ED
      • 1. _________
• 2. mental & physiological
         __________
  • 3. extreme _________
    • 4. ____________
     • 5. __________
 • 6. exceptional ________
      & ______________
   • 7. without apparent
    __________________
        Excited Delirium
    • Causes       • Confrontational priorities
• 1. drug ______    • 1. don’t engage _______
 • 2. primarily     • 2. maintain __________
      • a.          • 3.transport to _________
      • b.         • 4. articulate ___________
      • c.                     • 5.
    • Profile       • 6. physician __________
• 1. 90% ______
   • 2. 35-44
          Excited delirium
Aggressive behavior   Peculiar behavior

 Nude / stropping     Breaking objects

 Presence of drugs       confusion

      resistor           incoherent

    Act tough          Throw objects
     Excited delirium

 Exacerbated by _______________
control _______________________
       Alpha v Beta Commands
• Alpha commands – easily      • Beta commands – do not
    understood by actor           clearly articulate what
          • 1.                         actor is to do
          • 2.                            • 1.
          • 3.
• Generally low stress level             • 2.

                                         • 3.

                                • Leads to confusion &
                                       resistance
         Use of force report
  Subject attributes      Witness statements
  Your experiences          EMS response &
                              assessment
   Subject injuries        Time notification /
                               supervisor
    Your injuries           Restraint devices
 Equipment damage       Don’t’ write immediately
Keep paragraphs short   Reflect on what to write
   Sample statements for report
“I approached Mr. Smith     “Mr. Smith did not
 and directed him to the  comply with my verbal
          wall”          command to stop pulling
                         away, so I guided him to
                               the ground”
“Mr. Smith turned toward    “Mr. Smith did not
   me in an aggressive    comply with my verbal
        manner.”         commands and resisted.”

				
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