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Pilgrims' Progress - Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants

VIEWS: 21 PAGES: 12

									               The Compact
              Massachusetts society of Mayflower DescenDants
                         www.MassMayflower.org
                     VoluMe 32 issue 3 fall 2011



  Pilgrims’ Progress
                   Following our Ancestors’ Trail
                                                    Pages 6-7




         Our Ginny Elected
         to National Office
                                Pages 4-5




Harvest Time at the Howland Homestead: P. 3
2                                              The Compact                                                      Fall 2011

                   New Members as of October 1, 2011
                     John Alden                          Lillian Yvonne (Felton) Shaw                      Melbourne, FL
Barbara Anne (Ware) DiVito                 Hull, MA
                                                                      Richard Warren
Stephen Hyde Frazel                        Stow, MA
Lynne Roberta (Mattair) Martel          Uxbridge, MA
                                                     Judith Ann (Roberts) MacDonald                        Plymouth, MA
Diane Catherine (Iappini) Pacific      Wakefield, MA

                 William Bradford                                                William White

Peter Nelson Brown                       Pembroke, MA    Lila Joy Moser                             North Billerica, MA
Sheila Jane (Arenstam) Gibbons             Marion, MA
Kate Elizabeth (Norton) Kelley           Attleboro, MA                             Correction
Kristina Goulett Smith                    Santa Fe, NM
Heather Marie Capitanio                  Wellesley, MA   In the last issue of The Compact, as a result of an ed-
Gordon Earle Delaney                East Falmouth, MA    iting error, Kemp V. Dwenger of Punta Gorda FL
Helen Mae Glaenzer                     Manchester, MA    was incorrectly listed as a descendant of William
Malcolm Bruce Kinnaird                   Cedarburg, WI   Brewster. He is descended from William Bradford.

                    Edward Fuller
                                                                         The Compact is published by
Aaron Elliot Paternoster             Cambridge, MA            The Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants
Paul Vincent Paternoster             Cambridge, MA                         150 Wood Road, Ste 103
Virginia Sue (Vucich) Peddicord Buzzards Bay, MA                     Braintree, Massachusetts 02184-2511
                                                                                (781) 535-6159
Margaret Stout (Scott) (Green) Welch   Scituate, MA
                                                                         msmd@massmayflower.org
                                                                                   Officers
                   Stephen Hopkins                       Governor                     Richard Standish Gilmore, Esq.
                                                         Deputy Governor                        Judith Chace Needham
David Alan Bruce                          Boston, MA     Secretary                                 Alice L. Mohnkern
                                                         Treasurer                                    Edith G. Bridges
                                                         Historian                                     James W. Lucas
                    John Howland                         Captain                                     Donald F. Nelson
                                                         Elder                                  Rev. Nancy Ruth Allen
Clark Raymond Ewer                   Framingham, MA      Surgeon                         Bruce R. Bistrian, M.D., Ph.D.
                                                         Counselor                                George I. Whiting Jr., Esq.
                    Degory Priest                                                    Assistants
                                                         James W. Baker                                  Janice R. Infante
                                                         William F. Tinney                           Cynthia Bailey Brown
Sheila Ruth Connolly            Middleborough, MA
                                                         Gail E. Terry                              C. Whitney Clayton Jr.
Alice Suzanne (Thrasher) Gardner    Nantucket, MA        Alicia Crane Williams                              Jane E. Nerney
Merrill Tracy Murphy                 Dedham, MA                                  Jeffrey A. Northrup
                                                         Compact Editors: Ann Fuller Northrup and Jeffrey A. Northrup
                   Myles Standish
                                                            All letters, submissions, and photographs sent to the editors
                                                         should include a name and telephone number for verification.
Helen Florence (Holmes) Currier   Smithsburg, MD            The opinions and information contained in any letter to the
Tamara Allyson (Shaw) Davidson      Melbourne, FL        editors are strictly those of the writer(s) and are not necessarily
Elizabeth Arlene (Little) French  Contoocook, NH         in any way the opinions of the staff of The Compact or of the
                                                         Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants.
Nancy Jane (Currier) Griffith          Fairfax, VA
                                                            The fact that an article or letter appears in The Compact does
Martha Russell (Tinsley) Lewandowski Braintree, MA       not in any way reflect that The Compact, its staff, or the Massa-
Amanda Weymouth (Shaw) Lewis        Melbourne, FL        chusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants guarantees the his-
Jennifer Kathryn (Shaw) Linden          Deland, FL       torical accuracy of any information contained therein.
Fall, 2011                                       The Compact                                                        3

     Harvest Time at the Howland Homestead
         By RUTH MAJOR
      In early September, 2010,
Pilgrim John Howland Society
Board Member, Eldon Gay
approached     President   Brad
Gorham with an idea to have
me paint the John and Elizabeth
(Tilley) Howland Homestead,
Circa 1650, at Rocky Nook
in Kingston, MA, then part of
Plymouth. Having completed the
painting “Plymouth Trade House
at Cushnoc, 1628,” I eagerly
accepted the John Howland
Homestead research and painting
project.

       Research began for the
painting this past September when
I traveled to Plymouth from the
Vineyard to obtain information
from the Jabez Howland House
staff. I also went to the Rocky
Nook homesite with a compass
and camera to document the              recently wrote, “And while we             which were similar to those on the
topography and exact position of        know that the homestead had to            oldest section of the Jabez Howland
John Howland’s home on the hill         have a barn and other outbuildings,       House. Eldon Gay sent copies of
overlooking the sea. For visitors       fences, etc., we haven’t found them       plot plans and photos of Rocky
to the homesite, the house faced        archaeologically yet. I’m totally fine    Nook showing the site of the well
south as was common at the time,        with their addition in the painting as    with Duxbury Hill in the distance
and the foundation lines are still      long as we say, ‘Only the dwelling        and the property line between John
clearly visible as is the stone patio   house, (size, shape, location, etc.) is   Howland and his neighbor John
outside the front doorway.              based on archaeological evidence.’”       Cooke.
                                        The numbers and types of animals,
      Following the trip, I enlisted    types of crops grown in the fields,             There is evidence from a
the help of archaeologists Derek        gun and gun rest depicted, and the        study of the pottery collected from
Wheeler and Craig Chartier,             details of some of John’s clothing        the home site which reveals that,
and both men agreed to share            are all based on John’s inventory         contrary to what Mr. Strickland
their ideas, knowledge of the           of his home and belongings found          believed, Elizabeth did have an
site, references and expertise          in The Howlands of America, Other         oven, a North Devon dome oven
on the mid-17th century life in         details may be found in the original      sent at some point from England.
Plymouth. I sent them a list of         1638 deed from John Jenney to John        The “clome oven” was identical to
questions, based on the reading I       Howland.                                  those found in Virginia, and would
had done, the trip to the homesite                                                have been placed on the floor of
and the information shared by                 Craig Chartier suggested the        the hearth, according to Craig
Eldon Gay and the staff at the          nail design in the door, a design         Chartier. On the upper left side of
Jabez Howland House.                    element found on other mid 17th           the painting, you can see John Jr.
                                        century doors in New England,             driving the ox cart up Howland
     Derek Wheeler and his              and the chicken coop placed near          Lane with the new North Devon
team have done the most recent          the chimney outside the Fire Room         oven for Elizabeth. Information and
archaeological work at the John         where the heated stones from the          a photo of a North Devon oven may
Howland property in Kingston,           hearth would provide warmth.              be seen at Plymoutharch.com.
MA, following an earlier                Lee Cranmer let me know that the
excavation at the site in the
1930s by Sidney T. Strickland
                                        shingles were most likely made of                Following e-mail discusions
                                        cedar, and he described the leaded                          Turn to Page 10
and his team. Mr. Wheeler               diamond-shaped window panes
4                                             The Compact                                            Fall 2011

     Virginia Mucciaccio Chosen for National Office
                                                               Virginia Mucciaccio, a Past Governor of the
                                                       Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, and
                                                       one of its most active workers, was honored at the Tri-
                                                       ennial Congress in Plymouth by being elected as one
                                                       of three members-at-large of the Executive Committee
                                                       of the General Society of Mayflower Descendants.
                                                               Of the four candidates, Ginny won with the
                                                       highest number of votes, surpassing even one of the
                                                       incumbent members-at-large.
                                                               Her nomination speech was delivered by Jay
                                                       Lucas, Massachusetts State Historian, who pointed
                                                       out that Ginny “is always ready and willing to be of
                                                       assistance whenever asked.”
                                                               He delineated her background in the Society as
                                                       follows: “One year after she became a member of the
                                                       Massachusetts Society, then Governor Harry Walen
                                                       nominated her to our Board of Assistants. In 1997 she
                                                       became Treasurer.
                                                               “She was elected Massachusetts Governor and
                                                       DGG in 2003, and instituted an educational outreach
                                                       to our Life Members aged 7 to 14 to make them aware
                                                       of their Pilgrim Heritage. A second important pro-
                                                       gram under her administration was the agreement
                                                       made with the LDS-run Genealogical Society of Utah
                                                       to digitize the Massachusetts Society’s records. This
                                                       task took a husband and wife team an entire year,
                                                       copying nearly 500,000 records.
                                                               “Since her husband’s sudden death ten years
                                                       ago, she has worked two days a week in our head-
                                                       quarters, enhancing and maintaining our 3,400 active
                                                       membership database, and providing office assistance,
                                                       including doing the bookkeeping for the Society.

Ginny Mucciaccio                                               “She is serving the General Society as Chair-
                                                       man of the Awards Committee, and on the Congress
                                                       Arrangements Committee. She helped the Captain
    On the Cover                                       General with getting the flag poles fixed – as he
            Clockwise from lower left: Virginia Muc-   pointed out in his report . . . she was about 1300 miles
    ciaccio checks out the memorial bricks at the      closer.”
    General Society Headquarters in Plymouth; the
    Mayflower II rests in Plymouth Harbor; Histo-              She joined the Mayflower Society in 1991 as a
    rian-General Paul Bumpus, left, and Massachu-      descendant of Pilgrim Degory Priest, became a mem-
    setts Society Governor Richard Gilmore at the      ber of the Board of Assistants a year later, Treasurer in
    Peregrination in July. Plaque commemorating        1997, and Governor in 2003.
    the First Encampment of the Pilgrims as they ex-           Ginny has also served the Daughters of the
    plored a new land; the view from the Monument      American Revolution as its State Treasurer and is cur-
    in Provincetown.                                   rently in her fourth three-year term in that responsible
                                                       position.
Fall 2011                                        The Compact                                                5

            Photos from the Triennial Congress




aT THE conGRESS: Massa-
chusetts Mayflower Society
members William and Cynthia
Tinney, above; Governor Rich-
ard Gilmore with Governor-
General Judith Swan, near
right; Governor Gilmore in the
archway at the national head-
quarters garden. All are in
Pilgrim attire for a procession.



11-11-11                                                     Honorary Member Vote for Peggy Baker
        A Provincetown Pilgrim Party will be held in the            On the agenda for the Compact Day obser-
afternoon on Friday, Nov. 11th. It’s called PPP 11/111/11.   vance on Nov. 19 will be a vote to grant honorary
Jim Baker from Plymouth will be speaking about Thanks-       member status to Peggy Baker, director emerita of
giving. A hand-cancelled stamped envelope will be re-        the Pilgrim Hall Museum and a great friend of the
leased which commemorates the 390th anniversary of           Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants.
the Pilgrims’ First Thanksgiving. The stamp event is at             Notice of the vote is required by our by-
1PM and Jim’s talk is at 2PM. Both events will be held       laws to be published in advance of the meet-
at the Pilgrim Monument Museum in Provincetown.              ing at which the vote is scheduled to be taken.
6                                                  The Compact                     Fall 2011

               On the Trail of our Ancestors . . .
By WILLIAM TINNEY                                                tremendous          importance
         What started out to                                     that this corn played in
be a Junior Member trip was                                      the survival of the colony.
adopted at a board meeting                                       What follows is Edith’s
of the society and became                                        report to the board and it
Peregrination Day. Atten-                                        is an excellent review of
dance exceeded all expec-                                        the day. It would be dif-
tations and two busloads of                                      ficult to improve upon it.
“Pilgrims” from 8 to 80+                                                   “An      enthusiastic
had a fantastic day. Edith                                       group of members, families,
Bridges was the originator of                                    and friends met in Eastham,
the idea to tour Pilgrim Sites                                   MA to board buses to take
on the Lower Cape. If you                                        us on a tour of some places
stay with her in Eastham,                                        of significance visited by
it’s often part of the visit.                                    our ancestors in November
In the spring, Edith, with                                       and December, 1620. Our
husband Warren driving,                                          first stop was at the Provinc-
took my wife Cynthia, Al-                                        etown Museum and Pilgrim
ice and Ruel Mohnkern and                                        Monument. While there we
me on a test run. We then                                        visited the Pilgrim Wing of
knew it would work well.                                         the museum where we were
         Alice, a mem-                                           able to watch a film describ-
ber, Cindy and Beth God-                                         ing the Pilgrims’ prepara-
frey who are chairpersons                                        tions for their journey to
of the Junior Member pro-                                        the New World. Many in
gram, assisted by gathering
information and preparing
things to mail and hand out.
Ginny Mucciaccio thanked “       on THE RoaD:
spouses” publicly for help-      Boarding the bus to
ing. Warren Bridges de-          start the trip, above.
serves extra credit. The rea-    Right: the marker for
son I’m involved at this point   Giles Hopkins at the
is that I suggested to Ginny     Eastham Cove Bury-
that an article be written for
                                 ing Ground.
The Compact. With a smile,
if you make a suggestion
to Ginny, be careful; you’ll     regarding stories of the
probably wind up with a job.     exploration in November
         Below, I’ve cop-        of 1620 and his discus-
ied much of Edith’s report       sion of how they might
to the board. There were a       have found the spring of
few things I especially en-
                                 fresh water so essential
joyed. One was Howard
                                 to survival. On the bus,
Mayo’s spirited reading of
the original newspaper ar-       Richard Pickering pre-
ticle from 1898 concerning       sented and discussed his
the dedication of the monu-      views on the importance
ment on Corn Hill. I also        of the Pilgrims’ “find-
enjoyed Bill Burke’s dis-        ing” the seed corn; their
cussion of fact and fiction      feelings of guilt, and the
Fall 2011                                             The Compact                                                                 7

. . . a Peregrination to Remember
our group also climbed                                                                                        “When I learned
the monument. We were                                                                                that this tour would be “Per-
blessed with a magnifi-                                                                              egrination” this year, I was
cent day with comfortable                                                                            curious of the meaning. The
temperatures, low humid-                                                                             definition of “traveling from
ity, and great visibility. I’m                                                                       one place to another (usually
assuming our forefathers                                                                             on foot)” seemed to make our
put in a good word for us.                                                                           tour very appropriate as an
         “While still in Prov-                                                                       observance of Peregrination.
incetown the buses made                                                                              I hope all those on the buses
a brief stop at the end of                                                                           were able to reflect on the
Commercial Street to allow                                                                           difficult “traveling on foot
us to get out and view the                                                                           from one place to another”
plaque commemorating the                                                                             that the Pilgrims must have
approximate landing site of                                                                          endured as they climbed
November 11, 1620. From                                                                              up hills and down into val-
there we traveled to Pil-                                                                            leys in winter conditions on
                                 BRINGING CORN HILL TO LIFE: Howard
grim Heights in the Cape                                                                             this narrow land made up
Cod National Seashore
                                 Mayo, left describes the site and its history to                    of the terminal moraine and
where we were greeted by         Jeff and Ann Northrup and Governor Richard                          outwash plain of a glacier.
Bill Burke, the historian of     Gilmore (right).                                                             “We all received
the National Park. After a       the group at this site explain-   Commissioner, met us and          great feedback from the
brief talk, he led many on       ing the process of securing       had handouts that guided us       group, some saying they can’t
a hike to “Pilgrim Spring.”      this site for future genera-      to flags placed around the        wait until next year; others
         “We paused for          tions and saving it from be-      grounds. The trip conclud-        wishing it could have lasted
lunch before leaving this        ing lost to development.          ed only about 45 minutes          longer. We were together for
area and proceeding to a                  “Leaving Truro, we       later than we had planned.        more than six hours. Thanks
pondside park on Pond Road       continued along to First                   “We were so for-         to all who helped make this
in North Truro. The plaque       Encounter Beach and the           tunate to have had Richard        happen, especially Alice
at this site says that a group   Cove Burial Ground in East-       Pickering of the Plimoth          Mohnkern, Cynthia Tinney,
of 16 camped at the edge of      ham. The children in our          Plantation join us with an in-    and Beth Godfrey. Their
the pond while they were ex-     group planted flowers at          tern from his office. Richard     support of the idea from
ploring the area. One of their   the markers of Giles Hop-         was able to add interesting       the start is appreciated.”
exploratory excursions took      kins and Joseph Rogers in         information speaking to the
them to the South in search      the burial ground. These          group on the bus and also                  Plans are even now
of the mouth of a river. As      two along with Constance          to individuals at our various     being laid for next year in co-
they were searching, Mourt’s     Hopkins Snow are believed         stops. We were also pleased       operation with Plimoth Plan-
Relation says they came          to be buried there. I think       to have Paul Bumpus, Histo-       tation, and another exciting
upon mounds, some which          it is significant that these      rian-General of the GSMD,         adventure is on the drawing
were obviously graves, and       three were passengers on          with us for the tour. “This       board. I have to echo Edith’s
others where corn had been       the Mayflower as children.        was an interesting experi-        comment regarding effforts
stored. Our buses took us        Eventually they made their        ence of researching, plan-
South, out past Corn Hill                                                                            to develop and then maintain
                                 way from Plymouth and             ning, and executing such          the interest of our children
Beach and up on the hill         settled as adults in Eastham.     a tour. As you know, this
above where the GSMD                                                                                 and grandchildren in the So-
                                 We didn’t forget Constance.       started out as an event for
owns a 2500 square foot par-                                                                         ciety. If we are to continue,
                                 It just so happens that the       our junior members, as an ef-
cel containing a monument        wife of Eastham’s Cemetery        fort to maintain their interest   this is essential. Several
marked “Corn Hill 1620”          Commissioner takes good           in our Society. I feel that it    members did this trip with
which has been carefully         care of Constance with an         turned in to a great blend of     children and grandchildren
cared for by our own How-        annual planting. Bob Carl-        young and not-so-young par-       or nieces and nephews.
ard Mayo. Howard spoke to        son, Eastham’s Cemetery           ticipating in Peregrination.      Plan to do that with yours!
8                                                   The Compact                                               Fall 2011

                     FOR OUR JUNIOR MEMBERS
                    Remembering our July trip to Cape Cod
       How much do you recall from out trip to Cape         Society of Mayflower Descendants, 150 Wood Rd.,
Cod in July?                                                Ste 103, Braintree,MA 02184-2511, Attention: Alice
       Be one of the first three with the most correct      Mohnkern and Edith Bridges. Be sure to include your
answers on the Word Search and Fill-In-The-Blank            mailing address. Good Luck!
quiz below and you will win a prize.
                                                            Quiz
       Send your answers to the Massachusetts
                                                            Virginia    Nauset    Fresh Water Spring     Samoset
WORD SEARCH                                                 Holland     Cove Burial Ground       First Encounter Beach
                                                            Strangers   Provincetown     Myles Standish      Squanto
A   P   S   S   Y   L   L   I   T   D   R   A   W   D   E   William Bradford Patuxet Matchlock Giles Hopkins
P   E   N   F   A   E   R   D   D   E   U   P   W   Y   Q
                                                            Corn Hill    Small Boat      Sachem     Herring
P   R   I   L   S   B   E   F   E   A   A   H   K   Y   W
Z   E   K   W   Q   F   V   D   E   U   P   J   S   F   A   Wampanoag       Constance Hopkins Snow
X   G   P   T   N   I   I   T   I   X   A   K   P   P   U   1. The Pilgrims found fresh water at __________________
D   R   O   F   D   A   R   B   M   A   I   L   L   I   W   2. The Pilgrims found a store of Indian corn on
M   I   H   S   M   A   T   C   H   L   O   C   K   M   Y   ____________________________
U   N   N   T   X   C   E   E   O   Q   O   R   O   A   D   3. The Pilgrims saw an Indian for the first time on
S   A   E   E   W   L   M   B   S   R   D   E   T   S   O   _____________________________
K   T   H   S   M   Y   A   A   N   O   W   R   W   S   C
                                                            4. Two Pilgrims buried in the Cove Burial Ground are
E   I   P   U   S   K   P   H   K   E   M   R   C   A   E
T   O   E   A   X   I   I   P   O   L   L   A   H   S   P   ____________________ and ___________________ .
N   N   T   N   V   L   Z   M   E   H   C   A   S   O   A   5. The Pilgrim Monument is in ______________________
F   T   S   A   L   S   Q   U   A   N   T   O   G   I   C   6. 50 other people came to the New World with the Pil-
M   Y   L   E   S   S   T   A   N   D   I   S   H   T   K   grims. They were called ___________________________
                                                            7. The Pilgrims were supposed to land in _____________,
CAPECOD                                                     not Cape Cod.
CORNHILL                                                    8. The leader of the Pilgrims who searched Cape Cod was
DEER
                                                            _________________________________________.
EDWARDTILLY
MASSASOIT                                                   9. Two American Indians who were very important to the
MATCHLOCK                                                   Pilgrims were ____________________ and ___________ .
MUSKET                                                      10. Name two important Americnn Indian tribes.
MYLESSTANDISH                                               _________________ and ___________________
NAUSET                                                      11. The leader of a tribe was called the ________________
PAMETRIVER                                                  12. A long rifle the Pilgrims used is called a
PEREGRINATION
                                                            __________________________________
SACHEM
SAMOSET                                                     13. A shallop is a _________________________________
SHALLOP                                                     14. The Pilgrims left __________________ to sail to the
SQUANTO                                                     New World.
STEPHENHOPKINS                                              15. Squanto taught the Pilgrims to grow corn by adding a
WILLIAMBRADFORD                                             __________________ to the seeds.
Fall 2011                                             The Compact                                                               9

                      FOR OUR JUNIOR MEMBERS
The Pilgrims’ Journey: Sailing to a New World
         By the end of the 1500’s, there    the Pilgrims finally spotted the land of      settle there. The Pilgrims decided then
were groups of Englishmen who were          the New World. The rough seas had             to make Plymouth their home. It had
dissatisfied with the practices of the      pushed them way off course, and in-           a deep harbor, fresh water, and a hill
Church of England. One very small           stead of Virginia where they were sup-        that would allow them to see anyone or
group was that of the Pilgrims who          posed to settle, the land they saw that       anything that approached them. Still,
believed they should be able to select      day in November was Cape Cod. They            it was December, and the prospect of
their own church leaders and ministers.     tried to head out to Virginia, but the        having enough food and shelter for ev-
These beliefs were so contrary to all       water was so rough and shallow that           eryone was dim. That first winter was
other beliefs that these Separatists, as    they turned around and came back to           terrible for this small band of settlers
the Pilgrims were called, were harshly      the Cape. Because Cape Cod was out-           . Before the winter was over, half of
punished. When their beliefs were not       side the area they had been given per-        them had died.
accepted by King James, the new king,       mission to settle, under the leadership                Fortunately, for the survivors,
the Pilgrims decided to go to Holland       of William Bradford, they wrote their         during their early years in America,
where freedom of religion was accept-       own self governing contract: The May-         they became friends with Squanto and
ed.                                         flower Compact. Bradford continued to         Samoset, two Native Americans who
         They remained in Holland for a     lead the colony as it established itself in   could speak English. Squanto taught
few years, but became concerned when        the New World, and he left us his diary       the Pilgrims how to plant corn so they
their children wanted to learn Dutch        so that we could read about what the          wouldn’t starve when the harsh win-
ways and speak the Dutch language.          Pilgrims saw, experienced , and did to        ters blanketed the area. He also helped
The older Pilgrims wanted to remain         survive in their new home.                    them establish peaceful relations with
English and keep the English ways, so                The weather was cold and win-        the Native American tribes, like the
they focused on a plan to travel to the     ter had set in…a much colder winter           Nauset, the Patuxet and the Wampa-
New World where they could establish        than they had experienced in England          noag.
their own church. Transporting all the      or Holland. It was imperative that they                Even though the Pilgrims’ main
Pilgrims would be an expensive propo-       find water and food. Myles Standish           settlement remained in Plymouth and
sition since they would need to pay for     led the Pilgrims for a month as they ex-
                                                                                          continued to grow, they still travelled
the ship, the captain, and all the pro-     plored Cape Cod. In their search they
                                                                                          to Cape Cod. They maintained a good
visions necessary to sustain life once      located Freshwater Spring and Corn
they reached this undeveloped country.      Hill. It was also on Cape Cod, at First       relationship with the Native American
They soon realized they would have to       Encounter Beach, that they saw their          tribes, a connection that included trad-
take people other than Pilgrims with        first Native American. Finally, they          ing. It wasn’t long before several Pil-
them to help pay for the trip. Fifty peo-   realized that although there were some        grim families were given permission
ple, whom the Pilgrims called Strang-       appealing qualities about the Cape,           to move to some Cape Cod areas that
ers, joined them.                           there weren’t enough to allow them to         became Sandwich and Yarmouth. One
         Two ships were to set sail for                                                   major settlement developed when sev-
America: the Speedwell and the May-                                                       en families, including those of Giles
flower.     The Speedwell, however,          New Junior Members                           Hopkins, Constance Hopkins Snow,
leaked so badly that it was given up as                                                   Joseph Rogers and Thomas Prence
incapable of making the trip. The Pil-       Lillian Grace Lewis                          moved to Nauset which later became
grims couldn’t wait any longer. They         Nicole Allyson Lewis                         Eastham.
had to set sail; they were already 45        Emma Faye Davidson                                    Living in peace with the na-
days late and sailing the Atlantic would
                                             Hunter James Davidson                        tives of the New World, and being able
become more difficult as the late sum-
mer weather moved toward early Fall.
                                             William Jeffrey Linden                       to feed themselves made the Pilgrims
Finally, on September 6, 1620, the           James Shaw Linden                            believe that God wanted them here in
Mayflower began to cross the Atlantic.                                                    the New World to establish a communi-
         The voyage was a rough one,         All were sponsored by Lillian                ty where they could raise their children
and it wasn’t until November 11, that        Felton Shaw.                                 and live the way they wanted to.
10                                                 The Compact                                               Fall 2011

     Re-creating Harvest Time at the Howland Homestead
From Page 3

regarding every aspect of the painting details, and a
close study of maps provided by Craig, Eldon and the
Jabez Howland House staff, I made a rough drawing
that changed daily as new information came in. Karin
Goldstein from Plimoth Plantation provided photos of
iron hinges, locks and a gun rest as well as information
on horses which she said they believe were brought
over in the 1630s and 40s by members of the Mass.
Bay Colony. Eventually I drew the final drawing on the
canvas, sent it out to be critiqued, made a few more
adjustments, and by October, started the painting.
       John and Elizabeth Howland’s house was 17’ x
33,’ with a 22’ x 8’ addition off the back on the north
side with a cellar beneath. There was a loft upstairs
where many of the older children presumably slept and
dry goods and supplies were stored. Downstairs was
the Fire Room or Outward Room off the West end of
the house where family and guests were entertained
and fed in front of the 9’ wide fireplace. There at the      dog.) Regular activities and tasks not shown included
hearth, Elizabeth and her daughters baked bread and          grinding and sharpening of blades and tools, log
prepared meals each day for the family. The larger room      splitting, drawing water from the well, cleaning,
to the east was called the Inward Room or Bed Chamber        cooking, baking, haying, milking, candle, soap and ink
and was John and Elizabeth’s room, which included            making, laundry, mattress and rug beating, carding,
John’s clothing, stored items and probably had sleeping      spinning, weaving, dying and sewing.
areas for the youngest children.                                    “Harvest Time at the John Howland Homestead,
       Many typical farmstead activities are depicted in     1650” is a collaborative effort involving Howland
this painting. John and Elizabeth Howland and their ten      descendant and painter, Ruth Major and archaeologists
children and 5 grandchildren in 1650 are shown actively      Derek Wheeler of Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello and
involved in domestic and agricultural chores. We see         Craig Chartier of Plymouth Arch, with contributions
daughters Lydia and Hannah along with their niece            from Karin Goldstein of Plimoth Plantation, Leon
Desire Gorham in the pumpkin patch holding up their          Cranmer, archaeologist for the Cushnoc Trading Post
favorites for Papa John Howland to see upon his return       in Maine and Eldon Gay, Howland Society Board
from a hunting trip down by the marsh. Eldest daughter       Member. The image that you see above is based on our
Desire, (Captain John Gorham’s wife,) rushes down the        collective knowledge, archaeological data, reference
path to greet her father, with her three youngest children   materials and skills.
in tow. Daughter Hope (then Mrs. John Chipman)
tends her infant daughter Elizabeth while she works          Sources:
in the garden. Howland cousins Mary and Martha and           The Howlands in America, Edited and Compiled by
daughter Ruthie gather fresh vegetables nearby. Mrs.          William Howland for the John Howland Society,
Elizabeth Howland watches over her infant son Isaac
while she kneads bread dough on the bench outside the         Detroit, 1939.
front doorway. Daughter Elizabeth carries buckets of         Craig Chartier, Archaeologist, Director, Plymouth
fresh water up the hill (with a pet lamb) from the spring     Arch. plymoutharch.com.
located about 300’ northeast of the house. Jabez and         Derek Wheeler, Research Archaeologist, Thomas
Joseph carry in loads of dry wood to keep the fireplace       Jefferson’s Monticello http://www.monticello.org/
ablaze.                                                      http://www.plymoutharch.com/howland-house-bake-
       There was much work to be done on the                  oven/
homestead every day, year round, to feed and house
the family, indentured farm hands and numerous farm
animals. Judging by John Howland’s Inventory items           Editor’s Note: Ruth Major is a diverse artist. You may
found in the loft storage, fields of Indian corn, wheat,     see more of her outstanding work at: http://ruthmajor.com/
rye and hops were probably grown along with extensive
vegetable and herb gardens. Farm animals on the              This article was first published in the March, 2011, Vol 76,
homestead included cows, oxen, horses, sheep, and            No. 1 Issue of the “Howland Quarterly,” and is reprinted by
pigs along with the family dog “Howly.” (I added the         permission of the author.
Fall, 2011                                               The Compact                                                 11

      Compact Day program features Richard Pickering
                                     Richard Pickering, left, Deputy Director for Program Innovations of
                            Plimoth Plantation, will be the featured speaker at this year’s Compact Day obser-
                            vance, which will take place Saturday, November 19 at the Stoneforge Tavern at
                            90 Paramount Drive in Raynham, MA.
                                     The festivities will get underway at 11:30 a.m. with a social hour (cash bar)
                            and will continue at 12:30 with choice of Roast Prime Rib of Beef or Schrod with
                            all the trimmings.
                                     Pickering has been associated with Plimoth Plantation for more than 25
                            years and has served as historical role player, grant writer, exhibit developer, mu-
                            seum teacher, playwright and Director of Special Projects. His interactive dramas
                            “So Dreadful A Judgment” and “I Would Be No Persecutor” have been performed
                            throughout New England, and at the UN at the request of the United States Del-
   RicHaRD PicKERinG        egation to the United Nations. He has spoken on 17th-Century topics across the
                            country as well as the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.
       Pickering is currently a PhD candidate in English at the University of Connecticut, Storrs. In 2002, he
was given an Aetna Award for Excellence in Teaching English and was also named Pedagogue of the Year by
the university’s Student Government Association. Mr. Pickering serves on the Board of Trustees at the Cape
Playhouse, America’s oldest Equity summer theater, and hosts the weekly television program “The Cape Cod
Center for the Arts Presents.” One of his life’s greatest pleasures was overhearing actress Juliet Mills say:
“He’s the Charlie Rose of Cape Cod.”
 	      Please	 clip	 and	 send	 the	 form	 below.	 Reservations	 must	 be	 received	 by	 the	 office	 not	 later	 than	
 November 15, 2011. The mailing address is listed on the reservation form.
       Social Hour 11:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m.
                                                 Directions to the Stoneforge Tavern
                  Choice of
           Roast Prime Rib of Beef               From the north or west, take Route 95 or Route 93 to
                      or                         Route 24. From the south, take Route 3 or 495 to Route
            Baked Boston Schrod                  24. Follow Route 24 to Route 44. Follow Route 44 for .4
              Accompanied by                     miles, then turn right onto Paramount Drive. Restaurant
              Minestrone Soup                    is at 90 Paramount Drive.
        Mashed Potatoes, Glazed Carrots
              Cranberry Mousse

        Stoneforge Tavern, Raynham, MA November 19, 2011 Please Make Check Payable to MSMD:

Name: _______________________________________________          Roast Prime Rib    ______@ $30.00       $_________

Address:__________________________________________            Baked Boston Schrod ______@$30.00        $_________

City:________________ State:__________ Zip: ________          Chicken Fingers for kids______@15.00    $_________

Mayflower Ancestor(s): _________________________________________________________        Total Enclosed $ _________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Members: ____________________________________________        ________________________________________________

Guests: ______________________________________________      _________________________________________________

Your	reservations	must	reach	the	office	before	November	15,	2011	MSMD,	150	Wood	Rd		Ste	103,	Braintree	MA	02184-2511
Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants
                                                                        PRESORTED FIRST CLASS
150 Wood Road Ste 103
Braintree MA 02184-2511
                                                                            U.S. POSTAGE PAID
TEMP - Return service requested
                                                                                BOSTON MA

                                                                             PERMIT NO. 2594




                 Compact Day 2011: November 19
    Richard Pickering on “Becoming Master Richard Warren: the Making of a Pilgrim”
                                                                          -- Page 11

        Save a tree, avoid a wait, and help the society
    You can get your Compact sooner, save mail-        tive features not possible in the printed version.
 ing costs, and do a favor to the environment by          All you have to do is send your email address
 opting to receive The Compact by email.              and an indication that you’d like the email version
    Your Compact will arrive before the postal        to the office at msmd@massmayflower.org.
 worker delivers the printed copies, and you              The file will arrive in Adobe pdf format. If you
 will get the color version of the publication. The   do not have the reader, it can be obtained free of
 Adobe PDF version also allows for some interac-      charge at http://www.adobe.com.


                       We had a large presence at the Triennial Congress with 30 delegates attending.
 Message            Congratulations to Ginny who was elected as a member at large to the Executive
                    Committee. Our Peregrination, in July, was very successful. I hope to see many
from our            of you at Compact Day in Raynham next month. Please be on the lookout for our
Governor            annual appeal letter. I urge you to be as generous as possible.
                                                                           Richard S. Gilmore, Governor

								
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