SIMON BOLIVAR

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					SUPERHEROES
METROPOLIS
  HAD…
GOTHAM CITY
   HAD…
SOUTH AMERICA
    HAD…
 THE ARCHETYPAL
   SUPERHERO
      • A Tragic Youth
  • An All-Knowing Tutor
     • Unrequited Love
    • A Metamorphosis
• A Transforming Moment
         • A Nemesis
        • An Alter Ego
       1: A Tragic Youth
• Simon was born to wealthy parents
  in 1783 in Caracas, Venezuela.
• He was orphaned as a young boy.
• He inherited great wealth.
• But with great wealth comes great
  responsibility.
2: An All-Knowing Tutor
              • Batman had
                Alfred




• Spiderman had
      Uncle Ben
Bolivar had Simon
    Rodriguez
     • A forefather of South
       American education
       system
     • Tutored young Bolivar
     • Stressed Enlightenment
       and John Jacques
       Rousseau
     • Expelled from Venezuela
       after a failed overthrow of
       Spanish rule
3: Unrequited Love
       • He traveled to Spain
         at 16 and met his
         future wife Maria
         Teresa Rodriguez
       • She died from Yellow
         Fever by the time he
         was 20
       • He never remarried
   4: A Metamorphosis
• After the death of his wife, Bolivar
  returned to Europe and was reunited
  with his teacher Simon Rodriguez who
  was living in Europe
• Bolivar was dismayed by much of what
  he saw
• He was especially put off as a witness
  to Napoleon crowning himself Emperor
• They went to Italy together and he had
  a realization
   5: A Transforming Moment
• In August, 1805 at
  Rome’s Sacred Mount,
  Bolivar pledged to
  Simon Rodriguez that
  he would not let his arm
  rest or his soul die until
  he freed South America
  from Spanish Rule
6: A Nemesis
   • Although his fight is with
     the Spanish, his first
     nemesis is Napoleon.
   • When Napoleon deposes
     the Spanish King, he sets
     up Joseph Bonaparte as
     the new King.
   • The South American
     Colonies refuse to
     recognize him.
7: An Alter-Ego
      • El Liberator
      • He is part of the
        Junta that wins
        independence for
        Venezuela for a
        year. When it fails,
        he becomes a
        leader
   Cartagena Manifesto
• December 15, 1812
• After the first Republic of Venezuela
  fails, Bolivar flees to Cartagena in
  present day Colombia
• Bolivar becomes a leader convincing
  neighboring colonies to join the fight
• Manifesto is his first important
  written work.
Wars for Independence
      • Despite some
        failures and
        setbacks, Bolivar
        successfully leads
        battles for
        independence in
        various South
        American Countries
     Independence
• Greater Granada (1819)
  (Venezuela, Columbia)
• Ecuador (1822)
• Peru (1824)
• Upper Peru (1825) now
  Bolivia
           Fall From Grace
• Bolivar was more
  successful freeing
  countries than he was
  at leading
• Met great resistance in
  his attempts to build
  strong central
  governments
• Despite hero status,
  lost popularity
 George Washington of
    South America
• In March of 1830, he resigned as
  President of Colombia
• He died of Tuberculosis before the
  end of the year
• Despite his unpopularity at the
  time his stature has steadily risen
  and he is widely considered the
  “George Washington of South
  America”

				
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posted:3/12/2012
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