LCG2506_Costa_Rica

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					                                                                              266338b5-57e2-4c90-9a1f-952a0d5d2b0e.xlsx Index 3/11/2012 4:43 PM




             COSTA RICA                                               COSTA RICA

3/11/2012 16:43 ESTUDIO ECONÓMICO 2010-2011                           ECONOMIC SURVEY 2010-2011




    1        PRINCIPALES INDICADORES ECONÓMICOS                       MAIN ECONOMIC INDICATORS

    2        PRINCIPALES INDICADORES TRIMESTRALES                     MAIN QUARTERLY INDICATORS

    3        PRODUCTO INTERNO BRUTO POR RAMAS DE ACTIVIDAD ECONÓMICA GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, BY KIND OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY

    4        OFERTA Y DEMANDA GLOBALES                                TOTAL SUPPLY AND DEMAND

    5        INDICADORES DE LA PRODUCCIÓN AGROPECUARIA                INDICATORS OF AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT

    6        ÍNDICES DE MANUFACTURAS                                  INDICATORS OF MANUFACTURING OUTPUT

    7        BALANZA DE PAGOS                                         BALANCE OF PAYMENTS

    8        VALOR DE LAS EXPORTACIONES DE BIENES, FOB                EXPORTS OF GOODS, FOB

    9        VALOR DE LAS IMPORTACIONES DE BIENES, CIF                IMPORTS OF GOODS, CIF

    10       DESTINO DE LAS EXPORTACIONES DE BIENES, FOB              EXPORTS OF GOODS, FOB, BY DESTINATION

    11       ORIGEN DE LAS IMPORTACIONES DE BIENES, CIF               IMPORTS OF GOODS, CIF, BY ORIGIN

    12       INDICADORES DEL ENDEUDAMIENTO EXTERNO                    EXTERNAL DEBT INDICATORS

    13       BALANCE MONETARIO DEL SISTEMA BANCARIO                   MONETARY BALANCE OF THE BANKING SYSTEM

    14       BALANCE MONETARIO ARMONIZADO DEL SISTEMA FINANCIERO      HARMONIZED MONETARY INDICATORS OF THE FINANCIAL SYSTEM

    15       INGRESOS Y GASTOS DEL SECTOR PÚBLICO NO FINANCIERO       REVENUES AND EXPENDITURES OF THE NON-FINANCIAL PUBLIC SECTOR

    16       INGRESOS TRIBUTARIOS DEL GOBIERNO CENTRAL                TAX REVENUES OF THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
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1                                                                                                                                       1
COSTA RICA                                                                                                                              COSTA RICA
PRINCIPALES INDICADORES ECONÓMICOS                                                                                                      MAIN ECONOMIC INDICATORS

                                                            2002     2003    2004    2005    2006     2007    2008    2009    2010 a/

                                                        Tasas anuales de variación /Annual growth rates b/
Producto interno bruto                                        2.9    6.4    4.3     5.9     8.8    7.9     2.7         -1.3     4.2     Gross domestic product
Producto interno bruto por habitante                          0.8    4.3    2.4     4.1     7.1    6.4     1.4         -2.6     2.8     Per capita gross domestic product

Producto interno bruto sectorial                                                                                                        Gross domestic product, by sector
 Agricultura, ganadería, caza, silvicultura y pesca           -3.3     7.4     0.7     4.3    12.7      5.6    -3.2    -3.2     6.5      Agriculture, livestrock, hunting, forestry and fishing
 Explotación de minas y canteras                              -3.1     4.2     7.7     7.6    25.7     -1.5    -5.6   -14.1    -5.3      Mining and quarrying
 Industrias manufactureras                                     3.4     8.4     4.0    10.8    10.8      7.0    -3.7    -3.9     3.7      Manufacturing
 Electricidad, gas y agua                                      5.3     5.8     4.0     5.9     6.1      2.3    -0.6     3.3     2.8      Electricity, gas and water
 Construcción                                                 -1.5     4.8     6.3    -0.2    18.2     21.3    14.6    -3.0    -6.7      Construction
 Comercio al por mayor y al por menor,                                                                                                   Wholesale and retail commerce,
   restaurantes y hoteles                                     1.6      3.4     3.9     4.0     4.8      6.6     3.4    -6.4     4.4       restaurants and hotels
 Transporte, almacenamiento y comunicaciones                 12.0     13.7    12.0     9.6    10.5      9.8     7.6     1.9     6.4      Transport, storage and communications
 Establecimientos financieros, seguros, bienes                                                                                           Financial institutions, insurance, real estate
   inmuebles y servicios prestados a las empresas             4.8      7.1     6.6     5.4    11.1      9.3     8.5     5.6     5.0       and business services
 Servicios comunales, sociales y personales                   3.0      3.0     1.4     3.3     2.3      3.4     4.5     4.7     4.1      Community, social and personal services

Producto interno bruto por tipo de gasto                                                                                                Gross domestic product, by type of expenditure
 Gasto de consumo final                                       3.0      2.8     2.9     3.9     5.4      6.9     3.3     2.1     3.7      Final consumption expenditure
  Consumo del gobierno                                        2.3     -0.3     1.3     0.2     2.9      2.3     4.4     6.7     5.9       Government consumption
  Consumo privado                                             3.1      3.2     3.1     4.4     5.7      7.5     3.2     1.5     3.4       Private consumption
 Formación bruta de capital                                   9.8     -4.7    10.9    11.3    13.9     -1.2    22.2   -36.7    29.1      Gross capital formation
 Exportaciones de bienes y servicios                          3.6     12.1     8.2    12.8    10.3      9.9    -2.6    -6.0     4.8      Exports (goods and services)
 Importaciones de bienes y servicios                          6.9      0.9     9.1    12.4     8.1      4.3     6.5   -19.9    14.2      Imports (goods and services)

Inversión y ahorro c/                                   Porcentajes del PIB / Percentages of GDP                                        Investment and saving c/
  Formación bruta de capital                                 22.6   20.6    23.1   24.3    26.4  24.7          27.6    15.9    20.0       Gross capital formation
   Ahorro nacional                                           17.5   15.6    18.9   19.4    21.9  18.4          18.2    13.9    16.3        National saving
   Ahorro externo                                             5.1    5.0      4.3    4.9     4.5  6.3           9.3     2.0     3.6        External saving

Balanza de pagos                                        Millones de dólares / Millions of dollars                                       Balance of payments
 Balanza de cuenta corriente                                  -857   -880   -791     -981 -1,023     -1,646 -2,787   -576 -1,299         Current account balance
  Balanza de bienes                                         -1,278 -1,089 -1,421 -2,159 -2,727       -2,985 -5,013 -2,039 -3,576          Goods balance
    Exportaciones FOB                                        5,270 6,163 6,370 7,099 8,102            9,299 9,555 8,838 9,375               Exports, f.o.b.
    Importaciones FOB                                        6,548 7,252 7,791 9,258 10,829          12,285 14,569 10,877 12,951            Imports, f.o.b.
  Balanza de servicios                                         685    776    857 1,116 1,351          1,734 2,201 2,188 2,635             Services trade balance
  Balanza de renta                                            -440   -776   -440     -209        4     -865   -417 -1,084   -717          Income balance
  Balanza de transferencias corrientes                         175    209    212      270     349       470    442    359    359          Net current transfers
 Balanzas de capital y financiera d/                         1,020 1,219     872 1,374 2,053          2,794 2,439     836 1,860          Capital and financial balance d/
  Inversión extranjera directa neta                            625    548    733      904 1,371       1,634 2,072 1,339 1,404             Net foreign direct investment
  Otros movimientos de capital                                 395    671    139      470     682     1,160    367   -503    456          Other capital movements
 Balanza global                                                163    339      80     393 1,031       1,148   -348    260    561         Overall balance
  Variación en activos de reserva e/                          -163   -339     -80    -393 -1,031     -1,148    348   -260   -561          Variation in reserve assets e/

Otros indicadores del sector externo                                                                                                    Other external-sector indicators
 Tipo de cambio real efectivo (índice 2000=100) f/           98.9    104.8   106.5   107.6   106.5    103.9   100.1    99.7    89.0      Real effective exchange rate (index: 2000=100) f/
 Relación de precios del intercambio de bienes                                                                                           Terms of trade for goods
   (índice 2005=100)                                        109.7    108.1   104.0   100.0    97.1     96.1    92.5    95.6    91.8       (index: 2005=100)
 Transferencia neta de recursos (millones de dólares)         580      443     432   1,166   2,058    1,929   2,022    -247   1,142      Net resource transfer (millions of dollars)
 Deuda externa bruta (millones de dólares)                  5,310    5,575   5,765   6,763   7,186    8,444   9,105   8,174   8,558      Gross external debt (millions of dollars)

Empleo                                                  Tasas anuales medias / Average annual rates                                     Employment
 Tasa de actividad g/                                       55.4    55.5  54.4    56.8   56.6     57.0         56.7    60.4    59.1      Labour force participation rate g/
 Tasa de desempleo abierto h/                                 6.4    6.7   6.5     6.6    6.0      4.6          4.9     8.4     7.3      Open unemployment rate h/
 Tasa de subempleo visible i/                               12.3    15.2  14.4    14.6   13.5     11.5         10.5    13.5    11.2      Visible underemployment rate i/
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                                                            2002    2003    2004    2005    2006     2007    2008   2009   2010 a/


Precios                                                Porcentajes anuales / Annual percentages                                      Prices
 Variación de los precios al consumidor                                                                                               Variation in consumer prices
   (diciembre a diciembre)                                    9.7     9.9   13.1    14.1      9.4    10.8    13.9    4.0    5.8         (December-December)
 Variación de los precios al productor industrial                                                                                     Variation in industrial producer prices
   (diciembre a diciembre)                                    8.4    11.0   17.7    12.1     13.7    14.6    23.5   -1.2    4.5         (December-December)
 Variación del tipo de cambio nominal                                                                                                 Variation in nominal exchange rate
   (promedio anual)                                           9.3    10.8   10.0     9.1      7.0     1.0     1.9    8.9   -8.3         (annual average)
 Variación de la remuneración media real                      4.1     0.4   -2.6    -1.9      1.6     1.4    -2.0    7.7    2.1       Variation in average real wage
 Tasa de interés pasiva nominal j/                           14.0    12.6   11.5    12.1     11.4     7.1     5.4    8.6    6.1       Nominal deposit rate j/
 Tasa de interés activa nominal k/                           26.8    26.2   23.4    24.0     22.7    17.3    16.7   21.6   19.4       Nominal lending rate k/

Sector público no financiero                           Porcentajes del PIB / Percentages of GDP                                      Non-financial public sector
 Ingresos totales                                           24.7   25.0    24.4   25.2    25.8       26.6    26.8   26.0   25.8       Total revenue
   Ingresos corrientes                                      24.8   24.7    24.4   25.2    25.8       26.6    26.9   26.0   25.7        Current revenue
     Ingresos tributarios                                   19.8   19.9    19.7   20.2    20.7       22.1    22.8   21.3   21.2         Tax revenue
   Ingresos de capital                                      -0.1     0.4     0.0    0.0     0.0       0.0    -0.1    0.0    0.1        Capital revenue
 Gastos totales l/                                          28.6   27.4    26.4   25.6    24.5       24.8    26.9   30.7   31.2       Total expenditure l/
   Gastos corrientes                                        23.3   22.8    22.2   21.8    21.0       20.7    21.1   24.2   25.2        Current expenditure
     Intereses                                               4.3     4.3     4.1    4.2     3.8       3.1     2.2    2.2    2.2         Interest
   Gastos de capital                                         5.2     4.5     4.1    3.8     3.5       4.1     5.3    6.5    5.9        Capital expenditure
 Resultado primario                                          0.4     1.9     2.1    3.8     5.2       4.9     2.1   -2.5   -3.2       Primary balance
 Resultado global                                           -3.9    -2.4    -2.0   -0.4     1.3       1.8    -0.1   -4.6   -5.4       Overall balance

 Deuda del sector público no financiero                      45.1    45.6   46.9    42.9     38.4    31.8    29.9   34.1   36.2       Non-financial public sector debt
  Interna                                                    28.7    27.0   27.6    25.5     23.4    19.6    18.1   23.1   25.7        Domestic
  Externa                                                    16.4    18.6   19.3    17.4     15.0    12.2    11.8   11.1   10.5        External

Moneda y crédito m/                                                                                                                  Money and credit m/
 Crédito interno                                             31.2    33.3   36.1    36.8     36.3    39.6    45.0   45.0   41.9       Domestic credit
  Al sector público                                           5.6     6.5    9.0     6.7      4.4     2.2     2.2    3.4    3.2        To the public sector
  Al sector privado                                          25.4    26.5   26.7    29.4     31.1    36.5    41.7   40.4   37.8        To the private sector
  Otros                                                       0.1     0.3    0.4     0.7      0.8     0.9     1.1    1.1    1.0        Other
 Liquidez de la economía (M3)                                36.3    37.1   42.6    44.0     44.3    43.8    46.8   49.6   46.8       Liquidity (M3)
  Masa monetaria y depósitos en moneda nacional (M2)         20.4    20.9   21.0    22.3     23.5    25.6    24.8   25.7   26.0        Currency outside banks and local-currency deposits (M2)
  Depósitos en moneda extranjera                             16.0    16.2   21.6    21.7     20.8    18.1    22.0   23.9   20.8        Foreign-currency deposits


Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras oficiales.
a/ Cifras preliminares.
b/ Sobre la base de cifras en moneda nacional a precios constantes de 1991.
c/ Sobre la base de cifras en moneda nacional expresadas en dólares a precios corrientes.
d/ Incluye errores y omisiones.
e/ El signo menos (-) indica aumento de reservas.
f/ Promedio anual, ponderado por el valor de las exportaciones e importaciones de bienes.
g/ Población económicamente activa como porcentaje de la población en edad de trabajar, total nacional.
h/ Porcentajes de la población económicamente activa, total nacional.
i/ Porcentajes de la población ocupada, total nacional.
j/ Tasa de interés pasiva bruta promedio del sistema financiero.
k/ Tasa de interés activa promedio del sistema financiero.
l/ Incluye la concesión neta de préstamos.
m/ Las cifras monetarias corresponden a saldos a fin de año.


Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of official figures.
a/ Preliminary figures.
b/ Based on figures in local currency at constant 1991 prices.
c/ Based on figures in local currency expressed in dollars at current prices.
d/ Includes errors and omissions.
e/ A minus sign (-) denotes an increase in reserves.
f/ Annual average, weighted by the value of goods exports and imports.
g/ Economically active population as a percentage of the working-age population; nationwide total.
h/ Percentage of the economically active population; nationwide total.
i/ Percentage of the working population; nationwide total.
j/ Average deposit rate in the financial system (gross).
k/ Average lending rate in the financial system.
l/ Includes net lending.
m/ The monetary figures are end-of-year stocks.
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COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                        COSTA RICA
PRINCIPALES INDICADORES TRIMESTRALES                                                                                                              MAIN QUARTERLY INDICATORS

                                                                   2009                           2010 a/                           2011 a/
                                                               I      II     III     IV       I         II     III     IV       I         II b/

Producto interno bruto total (variación respecto                                                                                                  Gross domestic product (variation from same
 del mismo trimestre del año anterior) c/                   -4.8    -2.5   -0.3     2.7     5.4       4.0     3.7     3.7      …         …         quarter of preceding year) c/

Exportaciones de bienes FOB (millones de dólares)          2,078 2,240 2,231 2,235        2,404    2,410 2,272 2,299        2,484    1,778        Goods exports, f.o.b. (millions of dollars)
Importaciones de bienes CIF (millones de dólares)          2,531 2,740 2,896 3,228        3,170    3,355 3,498 3,547        3,860    2,578        Goods imports, c.i.f. (millions of dollars)
Reservas internacionales brutas (millones de dólares)      4,167 3,936 4,059 4,066        4,155    4,065 4,571 4,627        4,642    4,650        Gross international reserves (millions of dollars)

Tipo de cambio real efectivo (índice 2000=100) d/           96.2   99.9 102.2 100.6        93.8      88.7    86.9    86.7    85.5      86.9       Real effective exchange rate (index: 2000=100) d/

Precios al consumidor                                                                                                                             Consumer prices
  (variación porcentual en 12 meses)                        12.3    8.2     4.8     4.0     5.8       6.3     5.0     5.8     4.6       4.8         (12-month percentage variation)
Precios al productor industrial                                                                                                                   Industrial producer prices
  (variación porcentual en 12 meses)                        15.0    8.4    -2.3    -1.2     1.7       1.8     1.5     4.5     7.5       9.3         (12-month percentage variation)
Tipo de cambio nominal promedio                                                                                                                   Average nominal exchange rate
  (colones por dólar)                                       562     574    585     572     551       526     515     510     503       502          (colones per dollar)
Remuneración media real (variación respecto                                                                                                       Average real wage (variation from same
  del mismo trimestre del año anterior)                     13.6    7.8     8.8    11.2    -4.0       3.3     5.7     3.7    15.1        ...        quarter of preceding year)

Tasas de interés nominales (porcentajes anualizados)                                                                                              Nominal interest rates (annualized percentages)
 Tasa de interés pasiva e/                                   8.5    8.5     9.4     8.0     6.4       6.4     6.1     5.5     5.5       5.4        Deposit rate e/
 Tasa de interés activa f/                                  21.4   22.0    22.1    20.8    19.9      20.0    19.3    18.2    18.1      17.5        Lending rate f/

Crédito interno (variación porcentual en 12 meses)          26.2   19.7    13.6     6.6     2.9       3.3    -0.8     4.5    12.7      15.0 g/    Domestic credit (12-month percentage variation)

Crédito vencido respecto del crédito total (porcentajes)     1.9    2.1     2.2     2.1     2.2       2.2     2.2     1.9     1.9       2.2       Non-performing loans as a percentage of total credit



Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras oficiales.
a/ Cifras preliminares.
b/ Datos hasta el mes de mayo.
c/ Sobre la base de cifras en moneda nacional a precios constantes de 1991.
d/ Promedio trimestral, ponderado por el valor de las exportaciones e importaciones de bienes.
e/ Tasa de interés pasiva bruta promedio del sistema financiero.
f/ Tasa de interés activa promedio del sistema financiero.
g/ Datos hasta el mes de abril.



Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of official figures.
a/ Preliminary figures.
b/ Data to May.
c/ Based on figures in local currency at constant 1991 prices.
d/ Quarterly average, weighted by the value of goods exports and imports.
e/ Average deposit rate in the financial system (gross).
f/ Average lending rate in the financial system.
g/ Data to April.
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COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           COSTA RICA
PRODUCTO INTERNO BRUTO POR RAMAS DE ACTIVIDAD ECONÓMICA                                                                                                                                                                                                              GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, BY KIND OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
(En millones de colones, a precios constantes de 1991)                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Millions of constant 1991 colones)

                                                        1991     1992       1993        1994       1995        1996      1997      1998      1999      2000      2001      2002      2003      2004      2005      2006      2007      2008      2009      2010 a/

Producto interno bruto                                876,911 957,166 1,028,127 1,076,753 1,118,971 1,128,892 1,191,864 1,291,955 1,398,182 1,423,360 1,438,682 1,480,435 1,575,249 1,642,346 1,739,021 1,891,701 2,041,814 2,097,395 2,070,320 2,156,687            Gross domestic product
 Agricultura, ganadería, caza, silvicultura y pesca   108,401 112,346 116,468 120,255 129,074         131,411 133,360 144,296 150,831 151,855 153,972 148,946 159,939 161,100 168,010 189,330 199,945 193,474 187,203                             199,341             Agriculture, livestock, hunting, forestry and fishing
 Explotación de minas y canteras                        1,039   1,244     1,073     1,160     1,116     1,063     1,201     1,312     1,232     1,310     1,393     1,351     1,408     1,516     1,631     2,050     2,020     1,906     1,637     1,551             Mining and quarrying
 Industrias manufactureras                            184,224 204,372 217,698 225,867 235,193         236,442 254,540 283,502 353,529 343,198 312,058 322,660 349,857 363,691 402,858 446,541 477,892 460,275 442,219                             458,462             Manufacturing
 Electricidad, gas y agua                              24,442 26,131     27,042    29,059    29,954    30,738    32,444    35,259    37,445    39,854    41,489    43,705    46,258    48,127    50,955    54,043    55,303    54,991    56,821    58,403             Electricity, gas and water
 Construcción                                          33,069 37,347     41,775    44,763    48,174    39,547    41,963    49,264    48,473    50,596    57,879    56,987    59,742    63,483    63,332    74,849    90,758 103,990 100,883        94,092             Construction
 Comercio al por mayor y al por menor,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Wholesale and retail commerce,
   restaurantes y hoteles                             157,078 179,035    195,673    205,665     212,770      211,541   224,524   243,544   249,383   253,093   257,966   262,062   270,898   281,484   292,753   306,924   327,286   338,366   316,835   330,693       restaurants and hotels
 Transporte, almacenamiento y comunicaciones           65,502 72,942      81,774     88,068      94,471       98,994   108,786   117,627   125,686   138,467   151,211   169,399   192,633   215,808   236,580   261,485   287,184   308,964   314,854   335,046      Transport, storage and communications
 Establecimientos financieros, seguros, bienes                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Financial institutions, insurance, real estate
   inmuebles y servicios prestados a las empresas     109,070 112,918    117,077    123,314     126,272      128,977   135,168   141,497   152,313   164,706   175,897   184,353   197,403   210,432   221,809   246,478   269,392   292,311   308,749   324,069       and business services
 Servicios comunales, sociales y personales           138,727 144,497    150,975    155,973     159,324      161,577   165,841   173,495   178,640   183,218   186,952   192,500   198,288   201,087   207,788   212,588   219,808   229,611   240,440   250,183      Community, social and personal services
 Otras partidas                                        55,360 66,334      78,574     82,630      82,624       88,602    94,038   102,158   100,650    97,061    99,863    98,473    98,824    95,620    93,306    97,411   112,223   113,507   100,678   104,847      Other items



Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras oficiales.
a/ Cifras preliminares.

Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of official figures.
a/ Preliminary figures.
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COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        COSTA RICA
OFERTA Y DEMANDA GLOBALES                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         TOTAL SUPPLY AND DEMAND
(En millones de colones, a precios constantes de 1991)                                                                                                                                                                                                            (Millions of constant 1991 colones)

                                           1991          1992    1993        1994       1995       1996      1997   1998   1999     2000      2001      2002        2003        2004        2005        2006        2007        2008        2009        2010 a/

Oferta global                        1,202,438 1,358,953 1,488,927 1,561,469 1,617,803 1,641,248 1,779,673 2,028,166 2,136,988 2,142,879 2,167,266 2,259,157 2,360,621 2,498,882 2,702,058 2,932,667 3,127,281 3,253,826 2,996,044 3,213,449                      Total supply
  Producto interno bruto               876,911   957,166 1,028,127 1,076,753 1,118,971 1,128,892 1,191,864 1,291,955 1,398,182 1,423,360 1,438,682 1,480,435 1,575,249 1,642,346 1,739,021 1,891,701 2,041,814 2,097,395 2,070,320 2,156,687                        Gross domestic product
  Importaciones de bienes y servicios 325,527    401,788   460,800   484,716   498,831   512,356   587,810   736,211   738,806   719,518   728,585   778,723   785,372   856,535   963,037 1,040,966 1,085,468 1,156,431   925,724 1,056,762                        Imports of goods and services

Demanda global                        1,202,438 1,358,953 1,488,927 1,561,469 1,617,803 1,641,248 1,779,673 2,028,166 2,136,988 2,142,879 2,167,266 2,259,157   2,360,621   2,498,882   2,702,058   2,932,667   3,127,281   3,253,826   2,996,044   3,213,449     Total demand
 Demanda interna                        908,140 1,014,661 1,116,992 1,175,253 1,188,815 1,185,821 1,284,901 1,399,164 1,374,122 1,382,545 1,479,930 1,546,771   1,562,267   1,635,461   1,728,193   1,858,703   1,946,938   2,103,990   1,915,743   2,081,784     Domestic demand
 Gasto de consumo final                 750,865   813,593   888,858   943,603   969,731   989,536 1,039,723 1,091,598 1,114,780 1,126,856 1,143,573 1,177,574   1,210,304   1,244,970   1,293,611   1,363,581   1,457,910   1,506,584   1,537,571   1,593,709      Final consumption expenditure
   Consumo del gobierno                 117,174   120,677   126,593   129,050   128,625   127,850   133,670   136,627   139,069   141,072   146,157   149,460     149,040     150,972     151,283     155,670     159,208     166,162     177,356     187,829        Government consumption
   Consumo privado                      633,691   692,916   762,265   814,552   841,106   861,686   906,053   954,970   975,711   985,784   997,416 1,028,114   1,061,264   1,093,998   1,142,328   1,207,910   1,298,702   1,340,422   1,360,215   1,405,881        Private consumption
 Inversión bruta interna                157,276   201,068   228,135   231,650   219,083   196,285   245,177   307,567   259,342   255,689   336,357   369,197     351,963     390,492     434,582     495,123     489,028     597,406     378,171     488,074      Gross domestic investment
   Variación de existencias                 966     5,724     8,856     7,597   -10,749   -15,522     1,021     1,227   -34,445   -35,309    37,843    51,107      10,998      51,274      80,931     103,347      26,499      83,779     -85,051      12,758        Changes in stocks
   Inversión bruta fija                 156,310   195,344   219,279   224,053   229,833   211,806   244,157   306,340   293,787   290,998   298,514   318,090     340,965     339,218     353,651     391,776     462,529     513,626     463,222     475,316        Gross fixed investment
Exportaciones de bienes y servicios     294,297   344,293   371,934   386,216   428,988   455,427   494,773   629,001   762,866   760,334   687,336   712,387     798,354     863,420     973,865   1,073,964   1,180,343   1,149,836   1,080,301   1,131,666      Exports (goods and services)



Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras oficiales.
a/ Cifras preliminares.

Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of official figures.
a/ Preliminary figures.
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5                                                                                                                                                                                                         5
COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                                                                                COSTA RICA
INDICADORES DE LA PRODUCCIÓN AGROPECUARIA                                                                                                                                                                 INDICATORS OF AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT



                                                 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 a/ 2010

Índice del valor agregado (1991=100) b/           94.1 100.0 103.6 107.4 110.9 119.1 121.2 123.0 133.1 139.1 140.1 142.0 137.4 147.5 148.6 155.0 174.7 183.5 180.2 175.7                              …   Value added index (1991=100) b/

Agrícola                                          94.6   100.0 107.0 108.0 107.0 119.7 120.6 126.1 136.4 140.9        139.5   141.1   135.4   148.5   151.2   156.8   181.0   192.2   185.8   179.6   …   Crop farming
Pecuaria                                          93.1   100.0 94.8 108.7 114.5 119.3 123.7 110.9 121.7 133.9         139.3   137.5   137.5   138.0   138.3   144.6   152.1   157.0   158.5   159.1   …   Livestock
Silvícola                                         84.7   100.0 89.3 91.2 147.2 95.8 80.4 95.2 103.4 104.8             111.7   144.9   125.9   130.7   119.1   148.1   168.2   173.3   175.9   175.9   …   Forestry
Piscícola                                        114.3   100.0 100.9 100.1 160.9 132.3 184.6 191.0 191.1 189.3        221.4   227.3   234.9   250.5   218.1   218.9   201.5   222.4   223.8   218.9   …   Fisheries

Producción de los principales cultivos c/                                                                                                                                                                 Output of main crops c/

De exportación tradicional                                                                                                                                                                                Traditional export crops
  Café                                             152 174 135 183 129 185 121 155 143 160 159 165 128 164                              99 127      96 117 110        89                              …     Coffee
  Banano                                         1,546 1,454 1,645 1,820 1,859 2,018 1,890 1,872 2,150 2,103 1,975 1,859 1,698 1,941 1,915 1,675 2,049 2,158 1,958 1,633                              …     Bananas
  Caña de azúcar                                 2,437 2,629 2,840 2,987 2,985 3,233 3,439 3,154 3,682 3,670 3,363 3,398 3,472 3,461 3,959 3,805 3,616 4,153 3,561 3,492                              …     Sugar cane
  Cacao                                              4     3     3     3     2     2     2     2     1     1     1     1     1     1     1     1     1     1     1     1                              …     Cocoa

De consumo interno                                                                                                                                                                                        For domestic consumption
  Arroz                                           210     208   230    174    195    199   112    224    214    264    266     217     190     183     197     183      176    179     218     257    …     Rice
  Maíz                                             69      52    40     34     35     24    63     29     25     26     14      11      11      13      12      12       12     18      12      19    …     Maize
  Frijol                                           34      34    36     33     35     36    55     14     12     18     15      15      12      16      10      10       10      8       8       9    …     Beans
  Plátano                                          92      96    93    101    137    137   119     73     82     76     66      76      59      73      89      58       77     73      56      37    …     Plantains

Indicadores de la producción pecuaria                                                                                                                                                                     Indicators of livestock production
Beneficios c/                                                                                                                                                                                             Slaughter c/
  Vacunos                                           87     94    81     82     95     94     96     86   154    160    155     138     127     134     136     139      136    136     141     148    …     Cattle
  Porcinos                                          14     17    19     19     23     23     20     21    35     41     45      53      54      54      57      59       69     74      78      77    …     Pigs
  Aves                                              43     47    50     51     56     61     66     63    89    103    112     118     130     110     118     129      138    143     131     114    …     Poultry
Otras producciones                                                                                                                                                                                        Other products
  Leche d/                                        429     450   482    510    519    538   536    595    654    707    722     737     762     786     752     775      824    864     890     912    …     Milk d/
  Huevos e/                                       293     346   351    381    385    400   453    753    675    698    718     786     792     801     843     795      810    803     741     742    …     Eggs e/

Indicadores de otras producciones                                                                                                                                                                         Other output indicators
 Madera f/                                        643     759   642    636    685    422   422    641    681    674    693     949     743     714     828 1,019 1,130 1,339 1,229 1,229              …    Timber f/
 Volumen de la pesca c/                            24      21    19     18     19     19     7     26     25     26     31      33      30      25      19    21    21    21    21    21              …    Volume of fishery production c/



Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras del Banco Central de Costa Rica.
a/ Cifras preliminares.
b/ Calculado sobre la base del valor agregado en colones a precios constantes de 1991.
c/ Miles de toneladas.
d/ Millones de litros.
e/ Millones de unidades.
f/ Miles de metros cúbicos.

Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of figures provided by the Central Bank of Costa Rica.
a/ Preliminary figures.
b/ Calculated on the basis of the value added in colones at constant 1991 prices.
c/ Thousands of tons.
d/ Millions of litres.
e/ Millions of units.
f/ Thousands of cubic metres.
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6                                                                                                                                                                                                                        6
COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                                                                                               COSTA RICA
ÍNDICES DE MANUFACTURAS                                                                                                                                                                                                  INDICATORS OF MANUFACTURING OUTPUT
(Índices, 1991=100)                                                                                                                                                                                                      (Index 1991=100)

                                                      1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 a/ 2010

Índice del valor agregado                              97.9 100.0 110.9 118.2 122.6 127.7 128.3 138.2 153.9 191.9 186.3 169.4 175.1 189.9 197.4 218.7 242.4 259.4 251.0 244.4                                       …    Value added index

Bienes de consumo                                                                                                                                                                                                        Consumer goods
 Alimentos, bebidas y tabaco                           92.6   100.0   109.1   118.3   118.0   127.8   130.3   139.8   148.2   151.8   150.0   144.1   140.8   143.5   143.5   151.4   156.9   168.0   167.3   …     …    Food, beverages and tobacco
  Café                                                 94.3   100.0    79.4   108.0    75.6   108.4    70.3    89.5    82.6    93.0    91.1    94.6    73.8    95.6    68.9    89.8    67.3    82.3    76.6   …     …     Coffee
  Carne                                                85.0   100.0    97.5   116.7   119.2   125.2   127.0   117.7   120.1   130.9   134.1   133.6   133.1   130.6   134.5   144.4   150.1   158.2   157.7   …     …     Meat
  Azúcar                                               94.3   100.0   106.9   111.9   109.9   119.7   126.4   123.2   137.7   138.7   137.9   134.1   135.1   127.4   154.5   141.1   142.5   153.8   139.3   …     …     Sugar
  Otros alimentos                                      92.9   100.0   113.5   119.7   121.4   130.2   135.6   148.4   158.8   160.7   158.0   150.3   147.5   150.3   150.0   157.9   165.6   157.9   157.9   …     …     Other food products
 Textiles, cueros y calzado                           106.2   100.0   115.4   117.7   116.7   113.3   103.4    99.2   103.7    94.2    84.0    75.9    74.6    72.0    74.8    76.6    72.9    75.8    75.7   …     …    Textiles, leather and footwear
 Muebles y madera                                     110.0   100.0   102.3   108.6   126.4   121.6   129.8   147.3   159.6   134.9   130.7   106.8   102.4   110.6   112.1   151.6   143.1   132.9   123.6   …     …    Furniture and lumber
 Papel, productos de papel, imprentas y editoriales   103.0   100.0   105.0   113.1   120.5   119.2   120.7   130.7   135.7   139.6   139.9   143.2   143.7   147.1   159.4   159.3   173.9   182.5   174.5   …     …    Paper, related products, printing and publishing



Bienes intermedios                                                                                                                                                                                                       Intermediate goods
 Productos químicos y caucho                           96.9   100.0   118.7   131.8   133.5   138.7   137.8   145.0 134.5 134.5 138.6         142.8   154.9   163.3   163.0   164.6   173.3   186.9 178.9     …     …     Chemicals and rubber
 Refinación de petróleo                               132.3   100.0   141.5   157.2   148.4   199.0   171.4   159.0 16.6 -0.2 -0.5            152.8   256.1   265.1   266.4   292.6   344.1   362.6    …      …     …     Petroleum refining
 Minerales no metálicos                               105.8   100.0   109.1   117.1   125.5   126.8   126.0   149.3 153.6 156.9 168.6         181.9   184.2   178.8   174.8   184.9   216.2   236.4 226.3     …     …     Non-metallic mineral products
 Metalmecánica                                        100.4   100.0   105.0   118.5   131.5   125.7   142.3   147.7 127.0 108.5 105.4         114.9   150.4   149.7   140.3   180.4   195.4   213.2 365.8     …     …     Machinery and metal products
 Otros                                                120.0   100.0   112.8   113.7   126.8   123.5   117.3   122.3 85.1 94.7 79.9             79.2    77.7    89.6   102.3   100.4    85.3    94.7 90.6      …     …    Others

Otros indicadores de la producción manufacturera                                                                                                                                                                         Other indicators of manufacturing output

 Índices de empleo (1996=100)                          95.8    98.8 103.2 103.0 106.6 101.0 100.5 103.1 108.0 108.1 103.2                      90.1      …       …       …       …       …       …       …    …     …    Employment (1996=100)
 Índice de consumo industrial                                                                                                                                                                                            Industrial consumption
  de electricidad (1980=100)                           148     156     176     189     207     213     207     217     237     256     268     281     299     308     314     329      355      …       …    …     …      of electricity (1980=100)



Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras del Banco Central de Costa Rica.
a/ Cifras preliminares.

Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of figures provided by the Central Bank of Costa Rica.
a/ Preliminary figures.
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7                                                                                                                                                                                                                               7
COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                                                                                                      COSTA RICA
BALANZA DE PAGOS a/                                                                                                                                                                                                             BALANCE OF PAYMENTS a/
(En millones de dólares)                                                                                                                                                                                                        (Millions of dollars)

                                               1990    1991   1992    1993    1994   1995    1996    1997   1998    1999   2000    2001       2002       2003      2004      2005    2006    2007    2008     2009    2010 b/

Balanza en la cuenta corriente                 -424    -75 -407 -679 -520 -358 -264 -481 -521 -650 -691                             -603       -857       -880      -791      -981 -1,023 -1,646 -2,787       -576 -1,299       Current account balance
 Exportaciones de bienes FOB                  1,354 1,498 2,386 2,625 2,882 3,482 3,774 4,221 5,538 6,576 5,813                    4,923      5,270      6,163     6,370     7,099   8,102   9,299   9,555   8,838   9,375       Exports of goods, f.o.b.
 Importaciones de bienes FOB                 -1,797 -1,698 -2,724 -3,274 -3,506 -3,804 -4,023 -4,718 -5,937 -5,996 -6,024         -5,743     -6,548     -7,252    -7,791    -9,258 -10,829 -12,285 -14,569 -10,877 -12,951       Imports of goods, f.o.b.
 Balanza de bienes                             -443 -200 -338 -649 -625 -323 -249 -498 -399                    580 -210             -820     -1,278     -1,089    -1,421    -2,159 -2,727 -2,985 -5,013 -2,039 -3,576            Goods balance
 Servicios (crédito)                            609    691    675    856    934    969 1,054 1,129 1,343 1,682 1,952               1,926      1,868      2,021     2,242     2,621   2,972   3,552   4,148   3,661   4,418       Services (credit)
   Transporte                                    95    105    105    112    130    134    149    185    202    263    274            268        244        240       246       282     259     317     371     289     291         Transport
   Viajes                                       285    340    446    597    648    681    710    742    914 1,098 1,302            1,173      1,161      1,293     1,459     1,671   1,707   2,026   2,283   1,815   2,111         Travel
   Otros servicios                              229    246    124    147    155    154    194    202    228    321    376            484        463        488       538       668   1,005   1,209   1,494   1,557   2,016         Other services
 Servicios (débito)                            -550 -535 -693 -791 -842 -913 -1,033 -988 -1,110 -1,195 -1,273                     -1,180     -1,183     -1,245    -1,384    -1,505 -1,621 -1,818 -1,947 -1,473 -1,783            Services (debit)
   Transporte                                  -223 -223 -266 -323 -337 -371 -400 -374 -416 -439 -417                               -425       -447       -508      -582      -632    -630    -642    -683    -504    -595         Transport
   Viajes                                      -156 -154 -227 -270 -303 -323 -336 -348 -409 -447 -485                               -364       -345       -353      -406      -470    -485    -634    -593    -368    -485         Travel
   Otros servicios                             -172 -157 -200 -198 -201 -219 -297 -267 -285 -309 -371                               -391       -391       -383      -397      -403    -505    -542    -670    -601    -703         Other services
 Balanza de bienes y servicios                 -383    -43 -356 -583 -533 -267 -229 -357 -165 1,067                   468             -74      -593       -313      -564    -1,043 -1,376 -1,251 -2,812        149    -940       Goods and services balance
 Renta (crédito)                                130    111    102     99    141    146    142    185    183    198    243            193        158        146       145       234     407     602     420     219     176       Income (credit)
   Remuneración de empleados                     12     13      3      4       6      7     9      14    16      15     16             14         16        15        17        21      23      22      21      25      25         Compensation of employees
   Renta de la inversión                        118     98     99     95    134    139    133    171    167    184    227            178        142        132       127       213     383     579     399     195     151         Investment income
    Directa (utilidades y dividendos)             3      3      4      5       6      6     8      20    11       8     11             20         20        18         5        22      11      27       4      16      16           Direct investment (profits and dividends)
    De cartera                                   ...    ...    ...    ...     ...    ...   ...     ...   ...    0.4      1              5          6         3         9        72     106     144     130     101      91           Portfolio investment
    Otra inversión (intereses recibidos)        115     95     95     90    128    134    126    151    156    176    215            154        117        110       114       120     266     408     265      78      44           Other investment (interest received)
 Renta (débito)                                -363 -285 -316 -338 -283 -372 -327 -434 -651 -2,020 -1,495                           -872       -598       -922      -585      -442    -402 -1,466     -837 -1,303     -893       Income (debit)
   Remuneración de empleados                     ...    ...    -1     -2      -7     -8    -7      -9   -23     -29    -34            -34        -35       -36       -37       -13     -13     -14     -14     -15     -32         Compensation of employees
   Renta de la inversión                       -363 -285 -315 -337 -276 -364 -320 -426 -628 -1,990 -1,461                           -839       -563       -886      -548      -429    -389 -1,453     -823 -1,288     -861         Investment income
    Directa (utilidades y dividendos)           -60    -65    -92 -101       -65 -109     -89 -179 -383 -1,724 -1,141               -566       -348       -644      -330      -170    -124 -1,025     -472    -986    -555           Direct investment (profits and dividends)
    De cartera                                   ...    ...   -35    -34     -33    -44   -36     -33   -40     -79    -97            -41        -49       -65       -60       -49     -74     -80     -82     -63     -63           Portfolio investment
    Otra inversión (intereses pagados)         -303 -221 -189 -202 -179 -212 -195 -213 -205 -187 -223                               -232       -165       -177      -158      -210    -190    -348    -268    -240    -243           Other investment (interest paid)
 Balanza de renta                              -233 -174 -214 -239 -143 -226 -184 -249 -469 -1,822 -1,252                           -679       -440       -776      -440      -209       4    -865    -417 -1,084     -717       Income balance
 Transferencias corrientes (crédito)            196    145    169    149    164    165    193    191    191    201    204            266        297        369       371       471     586     735     707     593     598       Current transfers (credit)
 Transferencias corrientes (débito)              -4     -4     -6     -6      -9    -31   -43     -66   -77     -97 -110            -116       -121       -160      -159      -200    -237    -265    -264    -235    -239       Current transfers (debit)
 Balanza de transferencias corrientes           192    142    163    143    155    134    149    126    113    104      93           151        175        209       212       270     349     470     442     359     359       Net current transfers
Balanza en la cuenta de capital                  ...    ...    10     ...     10     ...   28      ...   ...      2     18             21         14        25        13        16       1      21       7      58      59      Capital account balance
Balanza en la cuenta financiera                 -91    162     75     95      -9   517     48    130    199    932    141            428      1,058      1,158       830     1,214   1,903   2,601   2,480     649   2,048      Financial account balance
 Inversión directa en el extranjero              -2     -6     -4     -4      -6     -6    -6      -4    -5      -5     -8            -10        -34       -27       -61        43     -98    -262      -6      -7      -9       Direct investment abroad
 Inversión directa en la economía declarante    163    178    226    247    298    337    427    408    613    619    409            460        659        575       794       861   1,469   1,896   2,078   1,347   1,413       Direct investment in reporting economy
 Activos de inversión de cartera                 ...    ...    ...    ...   -0.3   -0.4    ...    -23   -34     -11    -18            -81         28       -92        53      -681    -509    -170     537    -322     219       Portfolio investment assets
   Títulos de participación en el capital        ...    ...    ...    ...   -0.3   -0.4    ...    -23   -34     -28     -4            -22          5        -2        -7        -6       4     -42     -12      -3       2         Equity securities
   Títulos de deuda                              ...    ...    ...    ...     ...    ...   ...     ...   ...     17    -14            -59         24       -90        60      -675    -513    -128     549    -319     216         Debt securities
 Pasivos de inversión de cartera                -28    -13    -17     -4      47    -24   -22 -191 -296          96    -50           100          75       103        88       336      16     170    -136      36     154       Portfolio investment liabilities
   Títulos de participación en el capital        ...    ...     0      1       1     ...   ...     ...   ...     ...    ...            ...        ...       ...       ...       ...     ...     ...     ...     ...     ...        Equity securities
   Títulos de deuda                             -28    -13    -17     -5      46    -24   -22 -191 -296          96    -50           100          75       103        88       336      16     170    -136      36     154         Debt securities
 Activos de otra inversión                     -125     76     22     69 -144        17 -159 -267       -96    156 -344                65       233        162      -278       154     655    -157    -685     332    -324       Other investment assets
   Autoridades monetarias                        ...    ...    -9      0      -4      0    -6    -0.1    ...   -0.1   -0.2           -0.2       -0.2       -28        -4        -4      -4      -3      -1     -34      -6         Monetary authorities
   Gobierno general                              -5      1     ...    ...     ...    ...   ...     ...   ...     ...    ...            ...        ...       ...       ...       ...     ...     ...     ...     ...     ...        General government
   Bancos                                        ...    ...   -64     49     -64    -10   -18      43   -30      44    -76             14         17       -35      -318      -163      82    -120    -567     418     -27         Banks
   Otros sectores                              -120     74     95     20     -75     27 -135 -311       -66    113 -268                52       216        225        44       322     576     -34    -117     -52    -291         Other sectors
 Pasivos de otra inversión                      -98    -73 -152 -214 -203          194 -193      207     16      76   154           -107          96       437       234       500     370   1,124     690    -736     596       Other investment liabilities
   Autoridades monetarias                      -141    -26    -97 -208 -232         -94 -104 -119       -98     -94 -175            -135         -77       -47       -77       -66     -85      -6      -8     197      -6         Monetary authorities
   Gobierno general                             -28    -68    -28      8     -60     13   -85     -64   -61     -78    -75            -65        -58       -87       -70        -2     -53     -55     -43     -22     476         General government
   Bancos                                        -1     -9      7     28     -19     23    49      74    37      49   143            127          58       173       107        32     124     609     249    -800     126         Banks
   Otros sectores                                72     29    -34    -42    108    252    -52    316    138    199    261             -33       172        398       274       536     385     577     493    -111       1         Other sectors
Errores y omisiones                             -27     76    297    410    376      57   119    158 -183      196    379            167         -52        35        29       144     150     172     -48     129    -248       Errors and omissions
Balanza global                                 -541    163    -26 -175 -143        216    -69 -193 -504        480 -152                13       163        339        80       393   1,031   1,148    -348     260     561       Overall balance
Reservas y partidas conexas                     541 -163       26    175    143 -216       69    193    504 -480      152             -13      -163       -339       -80      -393 -1,031 -1,148       348    -260    -561       Reserves and related items
 Activos de reserva                             197 -416 -137        -24    105 -179       77 -216      150 -480      152             -13      -163       -339       -80      -393 -1,031 -1,148       348    -260    -561         Reserve assets
 Uso del crédito y préstamos del FMI            -26     68      2      0     -20    -44   -23      -1     0       0      0              0          0         0         0         0       0       0       0       0       0         Use of IMF credit and loans
 Financiamiento excepcional                     370    186    161    199      58      7    15    410    355       0      0              0          0         0         0         0       0       0       0       0       0         Exceptional financing



Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras proporcionadas por el Fondo Monetario Internacional e instituciones nacionales.
a/ Versión analítica, elaborada sobre la base de Fondo Monetario Internacional, Manual de Balanza de pagos, quinta edición.
b/ Cifras preliminares.

Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of figures provided by the International Monetary Fund and national institutions.
a/ Analitical version, on the basis of International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition.
b/ Preliminary figures.
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8                                                                                                                                                                                             8
COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                                                                    COSTA RICA
VALOR DE LAS EXPORTACIONES DE BIENES, FOB                                                                                                                                                     EXPORTS OF GOODS, FOB
(En millones de dólares)                                                                                                                                                                      (Millions of dollars)

                                           1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 a/

Total b/                                  1,449 1,899 2,385 2,626 2,878 3,476 3,758 4,206 5,526 6,662 5,849 5,021 5,263 6,102 6,301 7,027 8,200 9,337 9,504 8,784 9,448                       Total b/
  Centroamérica                             135 178 248 268         287 350 385 411 479 532 558 559 524 575 662 751 846 955 1,006 896 1,010                                                     Central America
  Resto del mundo                         1,314 1,722 2,137 2,357 2,592 3,048 3,288 3,795 5,046 6,130 5,291 4,462 4,740 5,527 5,639 6,276 7,354 8,382 8,498 7,888 8,438                         Rest of the world

Principales exportaciones tradicionales     634    754    838    858    948 1,187 1,103 1,049 1,143        969    878    739    691    794   801    757     915 1,002 1,067     922 1,081     Main traditional exports
  Café                                      245    264    202    202    308 417 385 402 409                289    272    162    165    194   198    233     226 252 305         232   257      Coffee
  Banano                                    315    397    563    565    561 680 631 577 667                623    547    516    478    553   543    481     620 673 690         622   703      Bananas
  Carne                                      49     69     44     64     51    44    42    28    24         27     31     25     21     22    22     14      27    28    38      39    40      Meat
  Azúcar                                     25     25     30     28     29    46    44    41    42         30     29     36     27     25    38     30      42    49    34      28    81      Sugar

Exportaciones no tradicionales              814 1,145 1,548 1,768 1,930 2,289 2,655 3,156 4,383 5,693 4,971 4,283 4,572 5,308 5,501 6,269 7,285 8,335 8,437                   7,862   8,367   Non-traditional exports
  Agropecuarios y del mar                    …     …     …     …     …     …     …    717 758 573 527 540 565 596 672 771 904 959 1,045                                       1,032   1,106    Agricultural and marine.
  Industriales                              565 486 622 709         815 952 1,107 1,121 1,244 1,135 1,084 1,029 1,023 1,077 1,208 1,425 1,648 1,878 2,165                     1,901   2,125    Industriales
  Perfeccionamiento activo                   …     …     …     …     …     …     …    427 445 396 405 366 354 331 373 389 459 472 361                                           254     177    Regime known as perfeccionamiento activo.
  Zonas Francas                               8 145 234 274         343 435 643 891 1,936 3,589 2,956 2,347 2,631 3,303 3,248 3,684 4,273 5,025 4,866                         4,677   4,959    Free zones



Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras del Banco Central de Costa Rica, de la Dirección General de Estadística y Censos, y del
Centro de Promoción de Exportaciones (CENPRO).
a/ Cifras preliminares.
b/ Puede no coincidir con el valor registrado en la balanza de pagos por corresponder a distintas fuentes estadísticas.

Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of figures provided by the Central Bank of Costa Rica, the Bureau of Statistics and Censuses
and the Centre for Export Investment and Investment Promotion (CENPRO).
a/ Preliminary figures.
b/ May not coincide with figures reported in the balance of payments, since different statistical sources were used.
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9                                                                                                                                                                                                  9
COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                                                                         COSTA RICA
VALOR DE LAS IMPORTACIONES DE BIENES, CIF                                                                                                                                                          IMPORTS OF GOODS, CIF
(En millones de dólares)                                                                                                                                                                           (Millions of dollars)

                                          1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005                                2006    2007    2008    2009    2010 a/

Total b/                                 2,224 2,393 2,940 3,515 3,789 4,089 4,328 4,970 6,239 6,355 6,389 6,569 7,188 7,663 8,287 9,824 11,569 12,953 15,372 11,395 13,570                        Total b/

Bienes de consumo                          461    439    638    823    897   800    983 1,078 1,301 1,143 1,167 1,274 1,388 1,370 1,494 1,663           1,919   2,443   2,768    2,242   2,723     Consumer goods
  Duraderos                                329    330    382    493    567   588    667 667 743 766 796 854 915 926 1,004 1,118                         1,286   1,603   1,896    1,701   1,981      Durables
  No duraderos                             132    109    256    330    330   212    316 412 558 377 372 419 473 443 490 545                               633     840     871      541     741      Non-durables

Materias primas y bienes intermedios     1,280 1,551 1,670 1,891 2,191 2,556 2,630 3,011 3,736 4,053 4,121 4,245 4,556 4,857 5,534 6,695                7,967   8,428 10,214     7,231   8,689     Raw materials and intermediate goods
 Para la industria y minería               980 1,228 1,302 1,507 1,818 2,173 2,211 2,509 3,146 3,402 3,323 3,490 3,809 3,972 4,485 5,338                6,381   6,605 7,511      5,468   6,630      For manufacturing and mining
 Combustibles y lubricantes                150 153 163 174 203 201 239 222 261 320 472 411 372 446 582 837                                              1,006   1,144 1,667      1,077   1,353      Fuels and lubricants
 Materiales de construcción                 63    72    88    93 118 110 109 123 173 174 173 190 202 216 225 218                                          285     373    525       328     352      Construction materials
 Para la agricultura                        87    98 116 117        52    71    71 157 157 156 153 155 173 224 242 303                                    295     305    512       358     355      For agriculture

Bienes de capital                          467    394    614    786    693   728    710    879 1,200 1,157 1,098 1,048 1,242 1,435 1,259 1,465          1,659   2,062   2,360    1,910   2,152     Capital goods
  Para la industria y minería              337    285    452    577    507   552    558    676 938 909 874 848 1,010 1,219 1,019 1,203                  1,309   1,578   1,831    1,577   1,767      For manufacturing and mining
  Para la agricultura                       11      9     13     16     28    26     30     47    57    53    46    40    47    44    47    62             58      76      99       64      74      For agriculture
  Para el transporte                       119    101    150    194    158   150    121    156 205 196 179 160 185 172 193 200                            291     408     430      269     311      For transport

Otros                                       16       9    18     15      8      6      6      2     1      2      2      2      2      1     0      0      25      20      31      12       6       Others

Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras del Banco Central de Costa Rica y de la Dirección General de Estadística y Censos.
a/ Cifras preliminares.
b/ Puede no coincidir con el valor registrado en la balanza de pagos por corresponder a distintas fuentes estadísticas.

Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of figures provided by the Central Bank of Costa Rica and the Bureau of Statistics and Censuses.
a/ Preliminary figures.
b/ May not coincide with figures reported in the balance of payments, since different statistical sources were used.
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10                                                                                                                                                       10
COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                               COSTA RICA
DESTINO DE LAS EXPORTACIONES DE BIENES, FOB a/                                                                                                           EXPORTS OF GOODS, FOB, BY DESTINATION a/
(En millones de dólares)                                                                                                                                 (Millions of dollars)

                                        América Latina                    Grupo        Estados                       Unión
                             Total            y el Caribe ALADIMERCOSUR Andino b/ MCCA Unidos                    Europea c/ Asia d/ Japón China
                                          Latin America                  Andean         United                   European
                                     and the Caribbean LAIA             Group b/ CACM   States                     Union c/         Japan

 1994 Total                  2,220                   457      81            13          26      286       963           686       19       19      0     Total
       Primarios             1,508                   129      33             9           7       81       620           665       15       19      0       Commodities
       Manufacturas            596                   325      46             4          19      204       232            17        5        0      0       Manufactures
 1995 Total                  2,702                   567      91            13          31      350     1,085           837       34       28     33     Total
       Primarios             1,897                   164      47            10          14       99       729           816       29       28     33       Commodities
       Manufacturas            677                   400      43             2          17      250       234            18        6        0      0       Manufactures
 1996 Total                  2,780                   655     139            13          42      384     1,027           865       55       35      0     Total
       Primarios             2,067                   217      71             9          15      121       821           842       48       35      0       Commodities
       Manufacturas            705                   433      67             4          27      260       204            23        6        0      0       Manufactures
 1997 Total                  3,893                   829     194            15          57      448     1,894           877       90       34     13     Total
       Primarios             2,207                   247      87             7          19      131       894           837       69       31      9       Commodities
       Manufacturas          1,671                   576     106             7          37      317       994            39       21        4      5       Manufactures
 1998 Total                  5,151                 1,369     203            21          67      962     2,101         1,101      275       56     21     Total
       Primarios             2,431                   640      92            10          34      497       767           793       34       23     15       Commodities
       Manufacturas          2,719                   728     111            11          33      464     1,333           308      241       33      6       Manufactures
 1999 Total                  6,283                 1,011     243            16          44      576     3,264         1,429      302      128      8     Total
       Primarios             2,014                   293      72             4           8      175       905           697       12       20      5       Commodities
       Manufacturas          4,269                   718     171            12          36      401     2,359           732      290      108      2       Manufactures
 2000 Total                  5,487                 1,040     197            16          44      622     2,854         1,195      229       51     13     Total
       Primarios             1,892                   291      68             2           9      178       879           621       19       22      6       Commodities
       Manufacturas          3,595                   750     129            14          35      444     1,976           574      210       29      7       Manufactures
 2001 Total                  4,716                 1,106     189            21          45      661     2,342           837      286       40     14     Total
       Primarios             1,773                   306      71             2          13      190       829           543       17       17      4       Commodities
       Manufacturas          2,942                   800     118            19          31      471     1,513           294      270       23     10       Manufactures
 2002 Total                  4,950                 1,178     217            24          44      686     2,510           877      242       32     33     Total
       Primarios             1,817                   346      72             2          10      227       814           577       12       17      3       Commodities
       Manufacturas          3,134                   832     145            23          34      459     1,696           300      229       15     31       Manufactures
 2003 Total                  5,800                 1,310     235            18          48      766     2,733         1,066      456       58     89     Total
       Primarios             2,004                   383      77             1           7      249       889           625       18       24      4       Commodities
       Manufacturas          3,794                   926     158            17          41      516     1,844           439      438       34     84       Manufactures
 2004 Total                  5,953                 1,535     311            20          57      874     2,646         1,083      402       41    163     Total
       Primarios             2,195                   518     141             1           8      296       913           673       18       23      5       Commodities
       Manufacturas          3,665                 1,016     169            20          48      578     1,680           386      374       15    157       Manufactures
 2005 Total                  7,151                 1,699     350            29          69      977     3,060         1,217      721       60    241     Total
       Primarios             2,478                   564     122             1          13      355     1,032           731       28       29      7       Commodities
       Manufacturas          4,673                 1,135     227            28          57      621     2,028           487      693       31    234       Manufactures
 2006 Total                  7,255                 1,341     308            23          71      527     3,080         1,292      812       48    557     Total
       Primarios             2,579                   380     113             3          13      170     1,166           888       25       25     13       Commodities
       Manufacturas          4,676                   961     194            20          58      357     1,915           404      787       23    544       Manufactures
 2007 Total                  8,928                 2,211     406            30          85    1,187     3,270         1,381    1,004       78    835     Total
       Primarios             3,092                   757     203             5          26      415     1,212           959       36       29     16       Commodities
       Manufacturas          5,583                 1,382     196            25          55      736     1,994           418      918       49    761       Manufactures
 2008 Total                  9,745                 2,617     552            72         132    1,338     3,725         1,697      745       92    613     Total
       Primarios             3,591                   926     240             6          41      491     1,316         1,135       50       29     17       Commodities
       Manufacturas          6,154                 1,691     312            66          91      846     2,409           561      695       63    596       Manufactures
 2009 Total                  8,836                 2,233     448            54         100    1,113     3,226         1,677      615       64    766     Total
       Primarios             2,488                   640     135             5          18      351       913           797       26       15     16       Commodities
       Manufacturas          4,055                 1,009     199            36          57      480     1,494           440      421       32    536       Manufactures
 2010 Total                  9,045                 2,621     488            51          99    1,302     3,385         1,620      807       85    269     Total
       Primarios             3,557                   970     264            18          40      478     1,264         1,064       58       19     23       Commodities
       Manufacturas          5,488                 1,651     225            33          59      824     2,120           556      749       65    246       Manufactures



Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras oficiales de Comtrade, División de Estadísticas de la ONU.
Nota: Los totales pueden no coincidir con los registrados en la balanza de pagos y en los cuadros de comercio exterior clasificados por tipos de productos, por
corresponder a distintas fuentes estadísticas.
a/ Clasificación Uniforme para el Comercio Internacional, CUCI Rev.3. Los productos primarios incluyen las secciones 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, el capítulo 68 y los grupos 667 y 971.
Las manufacturas incluyen las secciones 5, 6, 7 y 8, excluido el capítulo 68 y el grupo 667. El total incluye las secciones 1 a 8 y el grupo 971.
b/ No incluye la República Bolivariana de Venezuela.
c/ 27 países.
d/ No incluye China y Japón.

Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of official figures from Comtrade, UNSD.
Note: Due to the fact that different statistical sources were used, the totals shown here may not coincide with the figures appearing in the balance of payments or in the tables on foreign trade
flows broken down by type of product.
a/ Classification: Standard International Trade Classification, SITC Rev.3. Commodities include sections 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, chapter 68 and groups 667 and 971.
Manufactures include sections 5, 6, 7 and 8 minus chapter 68 and group 667. The total includes sections 1 to 8 and group 971.
b/ Does not include the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
c/ 27 countries.
d/ Does not include China or Japan.
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11                                                                                                                                                     11
COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                             COSTA RICA
ORIGEN DE LAS IMPORTACIONES DE BIENES, CIF a/                                                                                                          IMPORTS OF GOODS, CIF, BY ORIGIN a/
(En millones de dólares)                                                                                                                               (Millions of dollars)

                                       América Latina                    Grupo        Estados                      Unión
                           Total             y el Caribe ALADIMERCOSUR Andino b/ MCCA Unidos                   Europea c/ Asia d/ Japón China
                                         Latin America                  Andean         United                  European
                                    and the Caribbean LAIA             Group b/ CACM   States                    Union c/         Japan

 1994 Total                3,024                   887     578           144         108      231      1,342          355      134      166     21     Total
       Primarios             694                   346     260             4          54       67        287           29        2        3      1       Commodities
       Manufacturas        2,325                   540     318           140          54      164      1,053          325      132      163     20       Manufactures
 1995 Total                3,205                   999     641           129         111      235      1,453          387      123      123     17     Total
       Primarios             722                   366     269             4          57       66        294           35        1        0      2       Commodities
       Manufacturas        2,481                   633     372           125          54      170      1,158          351      121      122     15       Manufactures
 1996 Total                3,561                 1,129     761           101         123      250      1,651          391      108      146     23     Total
       Primarios             912                   474     367            10          59       70        367           33        3        1      3       Commodities
       Manufacturas        2,545                   654     393            91          64      179      1,182          358      104      145     20       Manufactures
 1997 Total                4,511                 1,253     824           106         125      299      2,135          471      182      240     43     Total
       Primarios             927                   499     358            27          48       76        357           38        3        0      3       Commodities
       Manufacturas        3,584                   754     466            78          78      222      1,778          434      179      239     40       Manufactures
 1998 Total                6,237                 1,237     777           121         114      313      3,484          606      244      385     58     Total
       Primarios             932                   406     249            24          17       85        432           43        5        2      3       Commodities
       Manufacturas        5,305                   831     527            96          97      228      3,052          563      239      383     55       Manufactures
 1999 Total                5,987                 1,331     897           140         111      301      3,278          570      266      300     59     Total
       Primarios             915                   472     334            43          13       83        340           62        3        1      3       Commodities
       Manufacturas        4,109                   839     548            96          97      215      2,059          492      240      282     51       Manufactures
 2000 Total                6,029                 1,521   1,077           154         140      311      3,096          663      265      215     78     Total
       Primarios           1,118                   600     459            43          24       86        337          144        4        1      4       Commodities
       Manufacturas        4,911                   921     617           110         117      225      2,759          519      261      214     74       Manufactures
 2001 Total                6,272                 1,478   1,045           144         167      306      3,280          665      284      230    100     Total
       Primarios           1,099                   559     428            36          43       93        349          143        5        0      5       Commodities
       Manufacturas        5,173                   919     616           107         123      213      2,931          522      278      229     95       Manufactures
 2002 Total                6,894                 1,614   1,110           199         180      332      3,590          779      279      296    121     Total
       Primarios           1,183                   586     406            32          26      108        389          166        6        0      4       Commodities
       Manufacturas        5,712                 1,027     705           167         154      224      3,201          613      273      296    117       Manufactures
 2003 Total                7,388                 1,689   1,199           251         228      345      3,680        1,004      262      308    159     Total
       Primarios           1,326                   589     415            41          59      121        467          182       12        0      5       Commodities
       Manufacturas        6,062                 1,101     784           210         169      225      3,213          822      250      307    154       Manufactures
 2004 Total                8,003                 2,061   1,583           425         296      334      3,596          874      335      484    270     Total
       Primarios           1,671                   812     638           138          96      119        528          162        9        1      9       Commodities
       Manufacturas        6,332                 1,249     946           287         199      215      3,068          712      326      483    261       Manufactures
 2005 Total                9,173                 2,297   1,742           444         298      424      3,767        1,198      422      532    350     Total
       Primarios           1,833                   967     768           151          77      152        457          177       15        1     11       Commodities
       Manufacturas        7,340                 1,331     974           292         221      272      3,310        1,021      408      531    339       Manufactures
 2006 Total               11,070                 2,606   2,141           469         294      214      4,386        1,520      656      587    551     Total
       Primarios           2,410                 1,073     910            76          42       67        605          240       21        1     23       Commodities
       Manufacturas        8,656                 1,529   1,227           393         252      147      3,781        1,280      635      586    527       Manufactures
 2007 Total               12,758                 3,292   2,393           507         343      510      4,903        1,417      760      732    758     Total
       Primarios           2,979                 1,320     979            98          62      173        800          291       24        1     33       Commodities
       Manufacturas        9,477                 1,970   1,411           407         280      337      3,895        1,056      721      730    720       Manufactures
 2008 Total               15,289                 3,862   2,825           506         445      631      5,846        1,714      750      823    865     Total
       Primarios           4,017                 1,563   1,197           118         122      202      1,246          215       34        0     64       Commodities
       Manufacturas       11,267                 2,299   1,628           388         324      429      4,600        1,498      716      822    802       Manufactures
 2009 Total               11,550                 2,665   1,764           338         357      563      5,305          919      509      658    700     Total
       Primarios           2,037                   632     394            45          46      139        868           75       17        1     22       Commodities
       Manufacturas        6,914                 1,384     962           222         217      277      2,919          639      405      513    487       Manufactures
 2010 Total               13,920                 3,265   2,106           390         554      679      6,512        1,098      475      499    991     Total
       Primarios           3,369                 1,025     634            77         226      227      1,759          184       26        2     54       Commodities
       Manufacturas       10,154                 2,227   1,468           312         327      447      4,606          902      448      496    935       Manufactures



Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras oficiales de Comtrade, División de Estadísticas de la ONU.
Nota: Los totales pueden no coincidir con los registrados en la balanza de pagos y en los cuadros de comercio exterior clasificados por tipos de productos, por
corresponder a distintas fuentes estadísticas.
a/ Clasificación Uniforme para el Comercio Internacional, CUCI Rev.3. Los productos primarios incluyen las secciones 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, el capítulo 68 y los grupos 667 y 971.
Las manufacturas incluyen las secciones 5, 6, 7 y 8, excluido el capítulo 68 y el grupo 667. El total incluye las secciones 1 a 8 y el grupo 971.
b/ No incluye la República Bolivariana de Venezuela.
c/ 27 países.
d/ No incluye China y Japón.

Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of official figures from Comtrade, UNSD.
Note: Due to the fact that different statistical sources were used, the totals shown here may not coincide with the figures appearing in the balance of payments or in the tables on foreign trade
flows broken down by type of product.
a/ Classification: Standard International Trade Classification, SITC Rev.3. Commodities include sections 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, chapter 68 and groups 667 and 971.
Manufactures include sections 5, 6, 7 and 8 minus chapter 68 and group 667. The total includes sections 1 to 8 and group 971.
b/ Does not include the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
c/ 27 countries.
d/ Does not include China or Japan.
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12                                                                                                                                                                                        12
COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                                                                COSTA RICA
INDICADORES DEL ENDEUDAMIENTO EXTERNO                                                                                                                                                     EXTERNAL DEBT INDICATORS
(En millones de dólares, saldos a fin de año)                                                                                                                                             (Millions of dollars, end-of-year stocks)

                                     1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 a/

Deuda externa total b/               3,924 3,992 4,056 4,010 4,133 4,209 3,289 3,086 3,402 3,641 5,307 5,265 5,310 5,575 5,765 6,763 7,186 8,444 9,105 8,174 8,558                        Total external debt b/
 Pública                             3,173 3,267 3,289 3,158 3,256 3,259 2,859 2,640 2,872 3,057    …     …     …     …     …     …     …     …     …     …     …                          Public
 Privada c/ d/                         751 725 767 852 877 950 430 446 529 585                      …     …     …     …     …     …     …     …     …     …     …                          Private c/ d/

Deuda externa pública                                                                                                                                                                     Public-sector external debt
  Plazos e/                                                                                                                                                                                 Maturity e/
   Mediano y largo plazo                …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      … 3,415 3,935 4,025 4,439 4,551 5,219 5,878                Medium- and long-term
   Corto plazo                          …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      … 1,912 2,095 2,356 3,224 3,656 2,243 2,431                Short-term
  Fuentes                                                                                                                                                                                   Sources
   Oficiales                         2,501 2,663 2,711 2,598 2,653 2,658 2,281 2,101 2,154 2,056              …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …         Official
    Multilaterales                   1,179 1,316 1,341 1,310 1,375 1,495 1,340 1,301 1,355 1,316              …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …          Multilateral
    Bilaterales                      1,322 1,347 1,370 1,288 1,278 1,162 941 801 799 741                      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …          Bilateral
   Privadas                            672 604 578 561 602 601 578 539 719 1,000                              …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …         Private
    Bancos comerciales                 632    32    23    18    13    38    38    25    33    40              …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …          Commercial banks
    Otros f/                            40 573 555 543 590 563 540 514 685 961                                …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …          Other f/
  Desembolsos en cada año g/           486 265 252 345 398 485 -525 235 593 577                               …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …       Disbursements g/
   Servicio                            252 362 290 570 447 620 581 583 405 528                                …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …         Service
    Amortizaciones                     106 197 189 391 276 409 395 437 278 338                                …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …          Principal
    Intereses                          145 165 101 179 172 211 185 146 128 190                                …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …      …          Interest


Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras del Banco Central de Costa Rica.
a/ Cifras preliminares.
b/ A partir de 2000, las series de deuda externa total, pública y privada reflejan la metodologia del Banco Central de Costa Rica, de acuerdo con el Manual de la Balanza de Pagos del Fondo Monetario Internacional.
    Antes de 2000, las series se produjeron de acuerdo a la metodologia del Ministerio de Hacienda.
c/ La deuda externa privada de mediano y largo plazo no está garantizada por el Estado.
d/ Antes de 2000, la deuda externa privada de corto plazo comprende, principalmente, créditos comerciales.
e/ Se refiere a la deuda externa total. No incluye deuda entre empresas ni inversión extranjera directa.
f/ Incluye pagarés del Banco de la Reserva Federal de Estados Unidos y bonos.
g/ Los desembolsos de la deuda externa pública son calculados por la CEPAL mediante la fórmula: Dt = St - St-1 + At, donde
   Dt = desembolso del año en estudio; St = saldo del año en estudio; St-1=saldo del año anterior; At=amortizaciones del año en estudio.

Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of figures provided by the Central Bank of Costa Rica.
a/ Preliminary figures.
b/ From 2000 onwards, the total, public and private external debt series are based on the methodology of the Central Bank of Costa Rica and according to the International Montary Fund's Balance of Payments Manual.
    Before 2000, the series were produced according to the methodology of the Ministry of Finance.
c/ Medium- and long-term private external debt is not guaranteed by the State.
d/ Before 2000, short-term private external debt consists mainly of commercial loans.
e/ Refers to total external debt. Does not include debt between companies or foreign direct investment.directa.
f/ Includes notes from the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States of America and bonds.
g/ Calculated by ECLAC on the basis of the following formula: Dt = St - St-1 + At, where Dt = disbursement for the year in question;
   St = balance for the year in question; St-1 = balance for the immediately preceding year; and At = payments on debt principal for the year in question.
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13                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           13
COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   COSTA RICA
BALANCE MONETARIO DEL SISTEMA BANCARIO a/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    MONETARY BALANCE OF THE BANKING SYSTEM a/
(En millones de colones, saldos al cierre del ejercicio)                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (Millions of colones, end-of-year stocks)

                                                      1990    1991      1992     1993     1994      1995     1996      1997       1998        1999     2000      2001      2002      2003      2004      2005      2006        2007        2008        2009        2010 b/



Activos monetarios                                  244,074 328,180 406,283 474,769 580,436 622,197 805,332 927,920 1,160,260 1,371,999 1,639,696 1,821,573 2,201,738 2,589,516 3,466,728 4,198,623 5,104,610 5,949,470 7,346,548 8,320,664 8,814,857                        Monetary assets

   Reservas internacionales netas                    48,280 120,596 149,881 156,633 164,510 227,503 236,689 288,699            283,204    437,434    407,279   389,776   490,810   624,552   835,221 1,444,522 1,880,608 1,906,504 1,982,742 2,652,922 2,666,228               Net international reserves

   Crédito interno neto                             186,035 203,951 254,259 317,423 385,321 427,885 650,568          841,684 1,145,544 1,169,159 1,407,531 1,483,403 1,890,978 2,326,027 2,936,198 3,505,585 4,181,531 5,380,934 7,072,717 7,542,989 7,881,000                 Net credit
      Al sector público                              78,476 85,828 83,164 89,415 118,870 132,504 300,880             398,095   475,730   375,603   370,686   206,143   341,367   457,051   730,993   640,948   509,056   294,362   343,046   574,501   592,861                   To the public sector
         Gobierno Central (neto)                     35,197 38,340 42,728 54,451 89,088 103,375 269,739              385,031   460,985   359,849   351,628   189,457   315,645   418,559   692,405   583,983   451,893   238,903   283,976   521,193   517,013                       Central government (net)
         Resto del sector público (neto)             43,279 47,487 40,435 34,964 29,782 29,129 31,141                 13,064    14,745    15,754    19,057    16,686    25,722    38,492    38,588    56,965    57,163    55,459    59,070    53,309    75,848                       Other public institutions
      Al sector privado                             107,559 118,123 171,095 228,009 266,451 295,380 349,688          443,589   669,814   792,507 1,030,787 1,269,947 1,541,280 1,848,265 2,172,951 2,801,593 3,578,638 4,962,277 6,552,256 6,779,653 7,104,798                   To the private sector
      Otras cuentas (neto) c/                             0       0       0       0       0       0       0                0         0     1,050     6,058     7,313     8,331    20,711    32,254    63,044    93,837   124,295   177,415   188,835   182,941                   Other items (net) c/

   Otros activos (neto) d/                          203,212 257,502 262,232 284,818 342,111 328,550 218,180 209,344            221,797    419,920    476,108   591,541   579,006   638,941   494,969   340,456   343,522    296,532      -24,793    -119,103     31,632        Other assets (net) d/

   Menos:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Less:
     Títulos de regulación monetaria             33,143 38,351 44,184 51,728 75,237 95,964 22,891 130,491                      167,165    309,683    297,333   306,654   386,634   633,616   508,808   750,301   970,891 1,339,029 1,232,204 1,119,515 1,190,532                  Monetary regulation instruments
     Préstamos externos de mediano y largo plazo160,310 215,518 215,904 232,378 236,270 265,775 277,214 281,316                323,120    344,830    353,888   336,493   372,422   366,387   290,852   341,639   330,161   295,470   451,914   636,629   573,471                  Medium- and long-term external loans

Pasivos monetarios                                  244,074 328,180 406,283 474,769 580,436 622,197 805,332 927,920 1,160,260 1,371,999 1,639,696 1,821,573 2,201,738 2,589,516 3,466,728 4,198,624 5,104,610 5,949,470 7,346,548 8,320,664 8,814,857                        Monetary liabilities

   Dinero (M1)                                       66,483 86,228 117,317 126,293 165,204       167,412   196,676   281,689   316,278   381,522   443,255   486,450   596,002   703,200   706,862   875,701 1,207,642     1,480,760   1,502,999   1,496,456   1,807,902       Money (M1)
      Circulante en poder del público                27,096 33,795 46,768 53,696 73,068           80,668    91,743   106,815   124,167   144,264   143,027   158,090   171,807   188,849   209,093   251,064   310,855       397,460     407,438     438,783     482,257          Currency outside banks
      Depósitos en cuenta corriente                  39,388 52,434 70,549 72,597 92,136           86,744   104,933   174,874   192,112   237,258   300,228   328,361   424,195   514,351   497,768   624,638   896,787     1,083,300   1,095,561   1,057,673   1,325,646          Local currency demand deposits
   Liquidez en moneda nacional (M2) e/              172,849 209,419 285,921 345,447 424,007      419,395   535,424   601,369   703,634   828,455   983,975 1,029,656 1,233,544 1,459,979 1,711,767 2,128,056 2,710,320     3,484,243   3,894,554   4,308,874   4,898,834       Liquidity (M2) e/
      Depósitos de ahorro                             9,730 14,274 21,576 27,263 30,786           32,340    43,816    58,476    72,001    79,037   135,725   157,440   171,182   192,221   229,128   283,126   388,246       585,445     667,573     665,483     767,910          Savings deposits
      Depósitos a plazo                              75,618 84,912 119,898 160,942 172,064       199,937   270,122   248,252   287,395   335,341   367,918   343,722   429,363   524,830   738,385   934,175 1,068,522     1,361,587   1,683,342   2,097,131   2,259,581          Time deposits
   Liquidez ampliada (M3)                           244,074 328,180 406,283 474,769 580,436      622,197   805,332   927,920 1,160,260 1,371,999 1,639,696 1,821,573 2,201,738 2,589,516 3,466,728 4,198,624 5,104,610     5,949,470   7,346,548   8,320,664   8,814,857       Broad money (M3)
      Depósitos en moneda extranjera                 71,226 118,761 120,362 129,322 156,429      202,803   269,907   326,551   456,626   543,544   655,721   791,917   968,193 1,129,537 1,754,961 2,070,568 2,394,290     2,465,227   3,451,993   4,011,790   3,916,024          Foreign currency deposits


Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras del Banco Central de Costa Rica.
a/ Corresponde a la consolidación de cuentas del Banco Central de Costa Rica y los bancos comerciales del país.
b/ Cifras preliminares.
c/ Incluye sector privado financiero no bancario.
d/ Incluye Crédito al exterior.
e/ Incluye otros depósitos.

Source: Economic Comission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of figures provided by the Central Bank of Costa Rica.
a/ Consolidation of the accounts of the Central Bank of Costa Rica and the domestic commercial banks.
b/ Preliminary figures.
c/ Includes Non-banking financial private sector.
d/ Includes External credit.
e/ Includes other deposits.
14                                                                                                                                                                14
COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                                        COSTA RICA
BALANCE MONETARIO ARMONIZADO DEL SISTEMA FINANCIERO a/                                                                                                            HARMONIZED MONETARY INDICATORS OF THE FINANCIAL SYSTEM
(En millones de colones, saldos a fin de año)                                                                                                                     (Millions of colones, end-of-year stocks)

                                              2001       2002        2003        2004       2005        2006        2007        2008        2009        2010 b/

Activos monetarios                       2,144,032 2,592,198 3,235,191 3,969,160 5,068,330 6,222,082 7,495,513 8,799,849 9,506,764 9,582,344                      Monetary assets

Activos externos netos                     111,137    181,369     340,258    624,248 1,224,311 1,670,253 1,805,504 1,758,616 2,256,051 2,275,412                  External assets (net)

Crédito interno neto                     2,032,895 2,410,828 2,894,933 3,344,912 3,844,020 4,551,829 5,690,008 7,041,233 7,250,713 7,306,932                      Domestic credit (net)
  Al sector público                        216,807 358,023 483,678 788,708 702,418 583,816 365,094               401,444   659,256   702,886                        To the public sector
    Al gobierno central                    201,131 333,022 446,983 747,306 645,598 524,202 307,764               335,902   594,511   617,741                          Central government
    Al resto del sector público             15,676    25,001    36,695    41,403    56,820    59,614    57,331    65,542    64,745    85,144                          Rest of the public sector
  Al sector privado                      1,496,056 1,824,513 2,187,512 2,607,424 3,396,497 4,359,665 6,025,680 7,925,156 8,280,695 8,644,720                        To the private sector
  Otras cuentas (neto)                     320,032 228,292 223,743       -51,221 -254,896 -391,652 -700,766 -1,285,366 -1,689,238 -2,040,673                      Other accounts (net)

Pasivos monetarios                       2,144,032 2,592,198 3,235,191 3,969,160 5,068,330 6,222,082 7,495,513 8,799,849 9,506,764 9,582,344                      Monetary liabilities

Dinero (M1)                                687,131 813,202 943,166 994,315              1,242,516   1,697,748   2,244,058   2,338,171   2,349,086   2,783,059     Money (M1)
  Circulante en poder del público          156,469 169,706 185,989 205,567                247,065     305,093     391,108     400,143     431,482     473,739       Currency outside banks
  Depósitos transferibles                  530,662 643,496 757,177 788,748                995,451   1,392,655   1,852,950   1,938,027   1,917,603   2,309,319       Transferable deposits
Liquidez en moneda nacional (M2)         1,279,709 1,530,807 1,859,939 2,163,946        2,885,010   3,745,815   4,956,637   5,414,626   5,622,079   6,154,049     Local-currency liquidity (M2)
  Cuasidinero                              592,579 717,605 916,773 1,169,631            1,642,495   2,048,067   2,712,580   3,076,456   3,272,994   3,370,990       Quasi-Money
Liquidez ampliada (M3)                   2,144,032 2,592,198 3,235,191 3,969,160        5,068,330   6,222,082   7,495,513   8,799,849   9,506,764   9,582,344     Broad money (M3)
  Depósitos en moneda extranjera           864,323 1,061,391 1,375,252 1,805,214        2,183,320   2,476,267   2,538,875   3,385,223   3,884,685   3,428,295       Foreign-currency deposits



Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras oficiales.
a/ Corresponde a la consolidación de cuentas del banco central de Costa Rica, bancos, bancos offshore y otros intermediarios financieros.
b/ Cifras preliminares.

Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of official figures.
a/ Consolidation of the accounts of the Central Bank of Costa Rica, banks, offshore banks and financial institutions.
b/ Preliminary figures.
15                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 15
COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         COSTA RICA
INGRESOS Y GASTOS DEL SECTOR PÚBLICO NO FINANCIERO                                                                                                                                                                                                                 REVENUES AND EXPENDITURES OF THE NON-FINANCIAL PUBLIC SECTOR
(En millones de colones) a/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        (Millions of colones) a/

                                        1990      1991     1992      1993      1994      1995      1996     1997      1998        1999         2000     2001       2002       2003       2004      2005       2006       2007      2008       2009       2010 b/


Ingreso total                        136,609 191,218 255,892 304,482 339,874 466,313 546,413 725,126                868,340 1,039,168 1,152,803 1,373,177 1,497,088 1,748,808 1,985,347 2,405,392 2,973,694 3,619,507 4,210,965 4,366,859            4,847,389     Total revenue
 Ingresos corrientes                 136,653 190,210 255,312 303,911 340,492 464,042 545,931 725,933                877,053 1,018,876 1,179,668 1,337,631 1,502,418 1,722,019 1,988,524 2,406,381 2,974,440 3,619,526 4,224,959 4,362,757            4,829,141      Current revenue
   Ingresos tributarios              109,738 146,245 199,472 242,431 289,910 372,526 448,716 562,432                677,558 811,327 910,535 1,059,614 1,202,809 1,387,585 1,604,964 1,929,261 2,388,790 3,011,951 3,584,386 3,572,209                3,994,429       Tax revenues
   Ingresos no tributarios            26,915 43,965 55,840 61,480 50,582 91,516 97,215 163,501                      199,495 207,549 269,133 278,017 299,609 334,434 383,561               477,120 585,650 607,574 640,573 790,548                      834,713       Non-tax revenues
 Ingresos de capital                     -44   1,008     580     571    -618   2,271     482    -807                 -8,713    20,293   -26,866    35,546    -5,330    26,789    -3,177      -990      -747       -19   -13,994     4,102               18,248      Capital revenue

Gasto total                           151,979 192,144 249,667 297,671 426,623 499,616           607,629   749,633   891,871 1,116,315 1,229,775 1,461,003 1,732,783 1,913,164 2,149,881 2,442,451 2,818,519 3,371,083 4,225,993 5,145,581            5,865,621     Total expenditure
 Gastos corrientes                    124,959 163,818 201,566 239,424 347,817 420,605           512,157   611,496   724,770 892,869 1,012,594 1,197,634 1,414,377 1,595,093 1,811,787 2,077,165 2,416,499 2,812,855 3,313,219 4,052,428              4,750,421      Current expenditure
  Sueldos y salarios                    49,291 60,628 74,325 92,915 120,375 149,065             175,442   243,450   295,449 363,735 420,775 488,851 568,772 650,966 740,319               847,746 995,918 1,161,672 1,431,072 1,839,115              2,245,870       Staff costs
  Compras de bienes y servicios         15,946 21,192 25,876 30,836 38,747 44,064                55,743    85,635    99,236 110,161 125,881 151,926 192,310 219,883 234,256               256,530 300,856 384,151 489,670 544,032                      589,088       Goods and services
  Pagos de intereses                    17,611 28,643 33,125 33,479 53,729 91,058               113,887   114,229   116,972 165,478 177,326 216,031 261,863 299,148 334,995               396,230 439,388 422,347 343,639 366,690                      411,974       Interest payments on public debt
                                        42,111
  Subsidios y otras transferencias corrientes 53,356 68,240 82,195 134,967 136,418              167,085   168,183   213,113 253,495 288,612 340,827 389,137 423,158 498,602               575,030 678,557 844,350 1,047,465 1,297,448                1,501,897       Transfers
  Otros gastos corrientes                    0      0       0       0       0       0                 0         0         0         0         0         0     2,296     1,938     3,615     1,628     1,780       334     1,374     5,143                1,592       Other
 Gastos de capital                      24,846 28,229 48,398 58,313 80,752 78,199                95,225   136,343   167,154 220,265 215,635 260,242 314,099 313,859 334,240               364,508 404,512 561,511 833,854 1,082,809                  1,108,229      Capital expenditure
  Adquisición de activos de capital fijo16,604 19,035 32,733 36,731 53,643 57,934                61,998   106,985   127,944 165,426 171,329 186,572 269,030 269,433 285,073               292,673 326,121 458,776 685,984 922,748                      883,154       Real investment
  Transferencias de capital              7,680  8,183 14,342 19,334 24,040 17,646                29,284    23,703    29,875    49,395    34,184    67,437    34,561    33,775    39,823    51,345    66,027    87,054 115,673 133,908                  198,735       Capital transfers
  Otros gastos de capital                  563  1,011   1,323   2,248   3,069   2,619             3,943     5,656     9,335     5,443    10,122     6,233    10,509    10,650     9,343    20,491    12,364    15,681    32,196    26,152               26,340       Other
                                         2,173
 Concesión de préstamos menos recuperación         97    -297     -67 -1,946      812               248     1,794       -52     3,181     1,547     3,126     4,307     4,212     3,855       778    -2,491    -3,283    78,920    10,344                6,971      Net lending

Resultado primario c/                  2,241 27,717 39,350         40,290 -33,020 57,754 52,671 89,722 93,441                   88,332    100,353     128,205     26,168    134,792    170,461   359,171    594,562    670,771   328,610   -412,032   -606,258     Primary balance c/
Resultado global c/                  -15,370    -926   6,225        6,811 -86,749 -33,303 -61,216 -24,507 -23,531              -77,146    -76,972     -87,826   -235,695   -164,356   -164,534   -37,059    155,174    248,424   -15,028   -778,722 -1,018,232     Overall balance c/
 Financiamiento                       15,174     433 -4,842        -3,859 85,850 33,299 62,005 23,432 23,359                    83,052     79,791      90,404    239,381    181,044    150,585    -2,421   -172,798   -222,161    -1,792    697,946 1,038,527       Financing
  Interno                             13,389 -11,358 -10,513        5,603 73,733 49,108 84,539 47,370 -27,135                   14,081     16,582      27,884    183,463     98,105     41,383   -14,617   -149,590   -224,067   -63,633    780,670    758,591       Domestic
  Externo                              1,786 11,791    5,671       -9,462 12,117 -15,809 -22,534 -23,938 50,493                 68,971     63,209      62,521     55,918     82,939    109,202    12,197    -23,208      1,906    61,841    -82,724    279,937       External



Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras del Ministerio de Hacienda.
a/ Los datos presentados para el período 1990-1996 corresponden a la cobertura "Sector público no financiero reducido".
b/ Cifras preliminares.
c/ La discrepancia entre el resultado global y el financiamiento se denomina "Residuo" y es contabilizada en las cuentas fiscales de Costa Rica.

Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of figures from the Ministry of Finance.
a/ The data presented for the period 1990-1996 correspond to the coverage "the narrowly defined non-financial public sector".
b/ Preliminary figures.
c/ The difference between the overall balance and financing is termed “residual items” and is recorded in the fiscal accounts of Costa Rica.
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COSTA RICA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           COSTA RICA
INGRESOS TRIBUTARIOS DEL GOBIERNO CENTRAL                                                                                                                                                                                                            TAX REVENUES OF THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
(En millones de colones)                                                                                                                                                                                                                             (Millions of colones)

                                                     1990    1991      1992     1993      1994     1995     1996      1997       1998   1999   2000   2001   2002    2003      2004      2005      2006      2007      2008      2009      2010 c/

 Total ingresos tributarios                        70,921 96,578 133,611 155,397 192,700 228,359 292,545 359,567 440,204 521,557 585,071 691,803 778,084 906,605 1,057,935 1,265,779 1,577,733 2,028,942 2,408,625 2,262,320 2,491,703                Taxes

  Ingresos tributarios directos                    14,108 17,564     22,921   32,778    44,420   54,267    60,671   77,848 104,498 146,841 154,000 187,829 216,597 266,497   308,389   372,344   455,835   613,366   785,325   810,766   869,249       Direct taxes
   Ingreso, utilidades y ganancias de capital      11,820 14,544     19,013   26,941    37,977   44,389    50,653   66,268 88,588 131,932 133,090 163,060 185,600 233,931    267,446   324,224   394,095   531,552   689,225   687,420   748,094        Taxes on income, profits, and capital gains
    Personas físicas                                   …      …          …        …         …        …         …        …       …       …       …       …       …       …         …         …     70,290   123,194   104,536        …    202,849         Payable by individuals
    Corporaciones y otras empresas                     …      …          …        …         …        …         …     3,805   3,839   4,253   4,285      …       …    2,081       582       633   281,461   348,826   481,736        …    450,312         Payable by corporations and other enterprices
    No clasificables                               11,820 14,544     19,013   26,941    37,977   44,389    50,653   62,463 84,750 127,678 128,805 163,060 185,600 231,850    266,864   323,591    42,344    59,531   102,953        …     94,933         Unallocable
   Propiedad                                        2,288 3,020       3,907    5,838     6,443    9,877    10,018   11,580 15,910 14,910 20,911 24,770 30,996 32,566          40,943    48,121    61,740    81,814    96,100   123,346   121,156        Taxes on property

  Ingresos tributarios indirectos                  50,242   68,454 106,066 118,404 143,200 167,222 226,705 275,305 332,296 371,579 426,671 500,043 557,934 634,970           746,612   890,397 1,118,287 1,408,533 1,619,700 1,447,773 1,607,573       Indirect taxes
   Generales sobre bienes y servicios              21,326   35,082 50,816 56,497 67,763 79,183 131,196 148,039 175,742 195,277 222,775 266,282 297,621 331,460               397,377   485,168   626,707   797,850   936,700   830,538   920,198        General taxes on goods and services
   Específicos sobre bienes y servicios            11,096   11,119 22,840 25,444 32,029 33,314 46,559 68,950 99,110 121,120 157,204 180,487 203,385 237,008                  260,078   296,222   360,289   447,168   491,400   465,644   523,390        Excises
   Comercio y transacciones internacionales        17,820   22,252 32,410 36,463 43,408 54,725 48,951 58,317 57,443 55,182 46,692 53,274 56,928 66,502                        89,157   109,007   131,292   163,514   191,600   151,592   163,986        Taxes on international trade and transactions
  Otros impuestos                                   6,571   10,561   4,624   4,214   5,080   6,870   5,169   6,414   3,410   3,137   4,399   3,931   3,553   5,139             2,934     3,037     3,610     7,043     3,600     3,781    14,881       Other taxes
 Contribuciones a la seguridad social               1,345    1,745   3,102   5,147   7,179   8,213 10,796 11,187 15,500 17,694 18,677 21,151 23,091 25,116                    28,014    30,854    33,321    37,946    43,700    54,356    61,193      Social security contributions

Total ingresos tributarios (incl. seg. social)     72,266 98,323 136,712 160,544 199,878 236,572 303,341 370,754 455,704 539,252 603,748 712,954 801,175 931,721 1,085,949 1,296,633 1,611,054 2,066,888 2,452,325 2,316,676 2,552,896               Total taxes including social security contributions



Fuente: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), sobre la base de cifras del Ministerio de Hacienda.
a/ Cifras preliminares.

Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), on the basis of figures from the Ministry of Finance.
a/ Preliminary figures.

				
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