Landmark Bill of Right Cases

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					                    Landmark Bill of Right Cases
• Tinker v. Des Moines (1969) 1st Amendment
    – High school students wore black armbands protesting Vietnam War
    – Suspended for violating dress code policy
    – SC: Undisruptive dress is protected as speech and expression
• Texas v. Johnson (1989) 1st Amendment
    – Demonstrator burnt a flag during a political protest
    – Sentenced to one year in prison and fined $2000
    – SC: Expressive conduct with apparent purpose is protected as speech
• NJ v. TLO (1985) 4th Amendment
    – High school student searched for contraband after being caught smoking
    – Drugs and drug paraphernalia found, charged as juvenile
    – SC: Search was reasonably in school’s interest in maintaining order and discipline
• Miranda v. Arizona (1966) 5th Amendment
    – Man arrested for kidnapping and raping 18 year old woman
    – After being interrogated, signed a confession (without being read writes)
    – SC: Suspect must be made aware of right to remain silent and obtain attorney
• Gideon v. Wainright (1963) 6th Amendment
   • Man arrested for breaking and entering into a pool hall and stealing
   • Defend himself because he was poor, charged with 6 years in prison
    – SC: Right to counsel is needed for due process, applies to all cases
• Roper v. Simmons (2005) 8th Amendment
   • 17 year old planned and brutally murdered a woman then confessed and reenacted it
   • Sentenced with death penalty
    – SC: Death penalty can not be given to criminals who were minors at time of crime