Concept and Parti

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					Concept   and   Parti
Asimow’s diagram of the design process (1962)
                       C
  FINISH
  with Built Project




                               + START   with Pre-Design




                 provisional


Asimow’s diagram of the design process (1962)
Archer’s diagram of the design process (1963)
                           Architect’s




                   From all with vested interest
                                                    Architect’s

              Observed and organized by architect
 Pre-Design




                            Concept
                             Parti




Inductive reasoning: from particulars to principles
Deductive reasoning: from principles to particulars
                Objective and Subjective
               input in the design process

                  Architects’              Clients’
                  Philosophy             (all w/ vested interest)



Architects’        Architects’           Architects’      Architects’
Subjectivity        Theory               Pre-Design      Skill + Talent



                             Concept



                                 Parti
RATIONALISM    EMPIRICISM      IRRATIONALISM
Plato          Aristotle
Descartes      Hume

Neoplatonism   Pragmatism
Augustine      James


Idealism       Positivism
early Kant     Popper




Transcen-      Phenomenology
dentalism      Heidegger

Emerson
                               Existencialism
                               Sartré

                               Deconstruction
                               Derida
RATIONALISM                 EMPIRICISM                         IRRATIONALISM
Plato        Vitruvius      Aristotle
Descartes                   Hume

Neoplatonism Renaissance    Pragmatism      Functionalism
Augustine    Palladio       James           Gropius
                                            Corbu

Idealism                    Positivism      Extreme
early Kant   Corbu          Popper          Functionalism
             Mies                           Meyer
             Van Doesburg

Transcen-    Organic        Phenomenology                                       Expressionism
dentalism    Architecture   Heidegger       Wright                              Borromini
                                            Mies (Barcelona)                    Gehry
Emerson      Wright                         Scarpa
                                            Zumthor
                                                               Existencialism   DADA
                                                               Sartré           Schwiters

                                                               Deconstruction
                                                               Derida           Eisenman
                                                                                Liebeskind
                Objective and Subjective
               input in the design process

                  Architects’              Clients’
                  Philosophy             (all w/ vested interest)



Architects’        Architects’           Architects’      Architects’
Subjectivity        Theory               Pre-Design      Skill + Talent



                             Concept



                                 Parti
Concept                                 Parti
One proposes a concept for a            Parti comes from the French word
design by way of an inductive           partir which means to depart or a
thought process (from the               point of departure. A parti is
particulars to the general). It is an   described in diagrammatic form.
idea and is formulated as the           The parti shows the basic spatial
objective.                              organization or organization of
                                        elements of the project. It is not a
It is not yet a form idea. It is        massing model. It is sketched in
usually expressed in words or           plan + section or in an abstract
through illustrations that are not      model.
of buildings but by metaphoric
images or very abstract models          The parti is the translation of the
not meant to be the building parti      concept into form, It and the
yet.                                    concept are used as a guide
                                        through all the myriad of design
                                        decisions throughout the project.
                                        It might get revised or aborted
                                        during the very first stage of
                                        design.
                    Sources for concepts
                          Some examples
The site:
   urbanistic fit                  fabric bldg or public monument?
                                   figural space / residual building?

   the earth                       its contours (shaping of that land
                                   and floors to respond to slope
                                   “To be of the earth”

   quality of natural elements     “To be of the sky” “a gossamer”
                                   “To be a set of groves or gardens”

   quality of natural forces       “Delightful experience of wind,
                                    light, fire, water”

The program:
   interpretation of its essence   “What is the nature of a school?”

    type of endeavor                technical? artistic? competitive?
                  Sources for concepts
                         Some examples
Progressive or rooted in wisdom    “transient / permanent
from the past.

Education as enlightenment.        Transformation (of the student;
                                   from existing bldg to knew one)

The community (social groups):
   There are many communities      “School as city”
   that of the neighborhood, the   “Transitions” public to semi-public
   students, the faculty, clubs.    To semi-private to private”

                                   “Interlock”

Precedents as source of meaning    “The quad”    “the urban campus”

Information Age                    “network architecture”
                                   “architecture of simulation / reality”
                                   “smart building”
      From broad and different ideas/parti’s
         to studies along one direction
                             Schematic Design
     concept A          concept B       concept C           concept D

parti A1    parti B1    parti B2    parti B3     parti C1     parti D1   parti D2


           study B1.1               study B3.1              study D1.1

                                    study B3.2              study D1.2

                                    study B3.3              study D1.3

                                    study B3.4

                                    study B3.5
The Exeter Library by Louis I. Kahn

Concept:

“. . . The readers should be able to take the book to
the light.”

He commented appreciatively on the “great
imperialistic room” of Étienne-Louis Boullée’s
Library project of 1785, which conveyed “a feeling
for what a library should be - you come into the
chamber and there are all the books.”

				
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posted:3/11/2012
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