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					       ENG 101
Using the library & finding
       information

           Martin Crabtree
           MCCC Library
                 Agenda
• Finding books
• Important places in the library
• Electronic searching
• Databases available fro the library
• Using web information
  – Finding things on the web
  – Deciding if what you find is any good
• Giving credit to the author
                   Finding Books
• Books are put on the shelves grouped
  by subject.
• You may be familiar with the Dewey
  Decimal System which is used by
  many school and public libraries.
• MCCC like most colleges uses a
  different system called the Library of
  Congress (LC) system.
• The LC system used both letters and
  number
      Library of Congress System
• Organizes knowledge into 21 broad categories.
• The 21 categories (labeled A to Z, but missing I, O,
  W, X and Y) are further subdivided by adding one
  or two additional letters and a set of numbers.
• The first letter of a Library of Congress (LC) call
  number indicates the general subject area.
• The second letter indicates the specific subject
  section within the general category.
   Library of Congress vs. the Dewey
           Decimal Systems
 Dewey Decimal System           Library of Congress
• Ancient Olympic Games:     • Ancient Olympic Games:
  796.48 PER                   GV23.S9 1999

• Fiction books are all in   • Fiction books are part of
  the same place:              the system: PZ3.D55 T3
  F DIC

• Biography books are also   • Biographies are mixed
  in the same place: B EDI     into the collection:
                               TK140.E3 J75
   Your Student ID card is also your
         MCCC library card.
• First you have to fill out a short form at the
  library to be entered into the system.
• You also need your ID card to use the
  computers in the library.
Using the catalog to find what
we have in the MCCC library
        Finding books in the library
       Using the online card catalog
•   The catalog is available
    online. Used to find books,
    videos and other materials
    both in the MCCC collection
    and the Mercer County Public
    (MCL) libraries.
•   You can have materials from
    MCL brought to the college.
    Deliveries arrive Tuesday and
    Friday afternoons. (DVD’s not
    available from MCL)
Link to the catalog is on the library’s web pages.
           The New Catalog
• In June 2008, both MCCC and the Mercer
  County Public Library began using new
  catalog software.
• Though the catalog is up and running, we will
  be fine-tuning it through the summer.
• Let’s take a look at the catalog.
Getting Around in the Library
Important Places in the Library




  The Reference Desk




   The Circulation Desk   The Stacks
 The person at the reference desk will
    help you find what you need
The Reference Librarian will help you to:
•Do database searches
•Find books, periodicals and other materials
•Find useful web resources
        At the Circulation Desk
You can:
• Check out book here.
• Get textbook for use in the library
• Get videos & current newspapers here.
• Get materials (books, journal articles, etc.)
  that your professor has set aside here
• Ask for help in your research
       There are 2 kinds of stacks
• The Reference stacks:
   – Holds the reference books
   – These books do not
     circulate
• The General Collection
  Stacks
   – Holds the books that you
     can check out
Yes, the library has computers
        for you to use!
      The library’s computer lab
• To use the computer lab you need to sign in
  & have your student ID with you.
• You can use the computers for research as
  well as for email, writing papers, spread
  sheets, etc.
• Bring you own disks, CDs, thumb drives, etc.
  to save your work.
      The library’s computer lab
• Anything saved on a computer’s hard drive
  will be erased once the computer is turned
  off.
• Printing costs 10¢ a page (you can also email
  articles to yourself).
• There is a lab assistant there to help with
  computer usage questions.
• You’ll need to go to the reference desk for
  research questions.
Big changes coming to the MCCC Library

• The Library building will be going through a
  major renovation starting later this summer.
• The library will be in a temporary location
  during this time.
 Becoming More Efficient at
Searching Electronic Resources
     Starting An Electronic Search
                       Keywords
• Keywords are used when searching electronic databases and
  web search engines.
• With a possible topic in mind, generate a list of words
  (keywords) that describes or would commonly be used when
  discussing your topic. Write this down if it helps.
• For example:
   – Ozone
   – Layer
   – Depletion
   – Atmosphere
   – Hole
    Starting An Electronic Search
             Boolean Searching/Logic
• Boolean searching - Connecting keywords with the
  terms
  – and
  – not
  – or
• For example
  – eagles NOT football
  – (car or automobile) and exhaust
• More Terms = Fewer “Hits”
   Searching More Than Just Keywords
         Phrases & Truncations
• To search for a phrase, use quotation marks
  – “survival of the fittest”

• Truncations allow for searching related words
  all at once
  – The * is usually used. For example:
     • child* would include: child, children, childhood,
       childproof, etc.
    Searching More Than Just Keywords
              Field Limiters
• Database field limiters allow you to specify
  your search within varied parameters for
  example:
  – Only full-text articles
  – Only peer reviewed (scholarly) publications
  – Date (or date range)
Let’s take a quick look at how
 Boolean searching can help
Electronic Databases at the
       Mercer Library
          Electronic Databases
                  In General
• Over 60 databases available
• Not every article is available full text though
  many are
• Abstracts (summary) is often available when
  full text is not
          Electronic Databases
               In General
• Accessible at any computer on
  the MCCC/JKC campus
  network
• Most are available off campus,
  though you do need to use a
  password.
• Can print/e-mail/download
  articles
Accessing the databases when
   you are not on campus
  Accessing Databases Remotely
• You can access most of the databases from
  any computer with internet access.
• To log on to the databases, use your:
  – student ID number (no dashes)
  – your last name (include punctuation here)
               Remote Login Screen




Use your student ID
number & last name
Some of the databases available
   from the MCCC Library
         Academic Search Premier
• EBSCOhost - Academic Search Premier
   – Broadest of the databases covering everything from science to
     the humanities
   – includes both general interest & scholarly/professional journals
   – Not every article full text
   – Need Acrobat Reader for some articles


• Oxford Reference Online
   – Contains a number of reference sources including:
     encyclopedias, quotations, maps, and more.
                  More Databases
• A number of subject specific databases are
  available covering:
  –   Business (ABI/Inform)
  –   Newspapers (Academic-Universe: News)
  –   Criminal Justice (Criminal Justice Periodical Index)
  –   Architecture (Architectural Index)
  –   Education (Proquest Educational Journals)
  –   more
• Also other resources
  – Encyclopedia Britannica
  – Oxford English Dictionary
Using the World Wide Web
Using the internet/world wide web
• Before using the web for most college
  research, try using databases first:
  – You will have fewer hits to go through
  – You’ll likely find some good information quickly
  – The information is always high quality
• The internet & web are not the same thing
     Some things to consider when
         searching the web
• Everything is NOT on the web and may never
  be
• No search engine covers the entire web
• The “invisible web” is huge!
• Though there has yet to be consensus,
  estimates put the size of the invisible web at
  at least 2 times bigger than the “visible” (or
  surface) web.
     Searching the World Wide Web
            Search Strategy
• Searching the Web is much like database searching:
   – Put together a list of keywords describing the information you
     desire
   – Use Boolean logic (and, not, or) to better define your search,
     use double quotes for phrases, etc.

• When searching the web, also:
   – Consider which search engines/sites may best suit your search
     needs. Different search engines yield different results.
   – Use the search engine’s advanced search to select limiting
     parameters (language, date, domain, etc.)
                       Is this stuff
                        any good?

Evaluating Web Sites
        Evaluating Web Sites
• Quality varies greatly from site to site
• YOU are the sole evaluator of the
  quality of information a site provides
     Five Web Info Evaluation Criteria
1.   Accuracy - is it reliable?
2.   Authority - is author qualified on subject?
3.   Objectivity - is the information biased?
4.   Currency - is the information “new” enough?
5.   Coverage - does the info completely cover the
     topic?
Using Wikipedia
             Using Wikipedia
• Wikipedia is sometimes a useful source of
  information in some instances
• But, the information contained here is not
  inherently scholarly information.
• Wikipedia is probably best at covering pop
  culture topics as well as obscure subjects not
  well represented in scholarly publications.
• Let’s look at an entry for organ donation.
       Think about it…
Would you want you doctor to base
 his/her diagnosis or your lawyer you
defense in court bases on information
      they got from Wikipedia?
              The Bottom Line…

       Buyer Beware
• The web contains a vast amount of information…but
  not everything

• Anyone can put information on the web, hence the
  quality of web information varies greatly

• YOU will often be the only person to decide if the
  quality of the info you find on the web is good
Using the information you find

  ...and giving credit where credit is
                  due.
  Using the Information You Find
• Always give credit to
  the author or creator of
  the information that
  you use.
• This includes the actual
  facts, conclusions, and
  ideas that an author
  presents.
• It also includes actual
  the words that he/she
  has used.
 Plagiarism can take many forms
• Plagiarism is the presenting of someone else’s
  intellectual work as your own.
• It may be done deliberately, but it may also be
  done without your realizing it.
• The copying, word for word, from a book or an
  article is the most blatant form of plagiarism.
 Plagiarism when paraphrasing or
        writing a summary
• Incomplete paraphrasing or summarizing
  another’s work could cause plagiarizing
  without your realizing it.
• To prevent this, you should avoid:
   Using the original sentence structure.
   Simply substituting a few words here and there.
   Using any of the author's key words or unusual
    words.
• Let’s look at an example...
                         Good paraphrasing
• It takes some effort to do a good job of paraphrasing.
• One helpful method is to:
        1. Read the original sentence
        2. Without looking at the sentence, try writing the idea of the
        sentence in your own words
        3. Look back at the original sentence again to see it you haven’t
        used too much of the original language
-Adapted from “Avoiding Plagiarism”, at the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia webpage:
   http://www.usip.edu/writing/plagrsm.shtml
Citing your sources
           Citing your sources
• When you are presenting your research you
  will need to give a list of your sources
• In order to make it easier for others to
  understand what sources you have used (and
  to possibly look at them themselves), specific
  formats have been developed to standardize
  this process
            Using the MLA format
• You will be using the MLA (Modern Language Association of
  America) style.
• The latest MLA manual is available in the library:
   – MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers at:
     LB 2369 .G53 2003 (in the reference collection & on reserve).
• The manual is not available on line.
Added MLA & APA info is at the
 Research & Report Guides link
Now it’s your turn…

				
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