Docstoc

A QUEST FOR WORLD PEACE THROUGH DISARMAMENT

Document Sample
A QUEST FOR WORLD PEACE THROUGH DISARMAMENT Powered By Docstoc
					A QUEST FOR
WORLD PEACE
THROUGH
DISARMAMENT

Febrian A. Ruddyard
Director for International Security and
Disarmament

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
31 May 2009
Outline of Presentation

1. Introduction: In Search of Peace
2. The Concept and Scope of Disarmament
3. Disarmament Machinery
4. Conventional Weapons
5. Weapons of Mass Destruction
6. Challenges to the Disarmament
7. Indonesia and Disarmament
8. Conclusion
1. Introduction: In Search of Peace


Threats toward:

• Political security
• Economic development
• Human rights and international law
2. The Concept and Scope of Disarmament

• Concept:
 Disarmament as a process: a process of eliminating weapons
 Disarmament as an end: the absence of weapons
 Disarmament >< Arms Control
 General and Complete Disarmament

• Scope:
Prohibition of Use, Production, Development, Transfer,
Stockpiling
Excluding activities for legitimate peaceful uses, i.e: health,
energy, industry, agriculture.
3. Disarmament Machinery


• The Conference on Disarmament

• The First Committee of UNGA on Disarmament and
  International Security

• The UN Disarmament Commission

• Special Sessions on Disarmament
4. Conventional Weapons
•   Anti Personnel Landmines
    Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer
    of Anti-Personnel Mines and Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention) : 1 March
    1999, States parties: 156

•   Cluster Munitions
    Convention on Cluster Munitions : will enter into force on 1 August 2010
    Signatories: 106, Ratifying states: 34 (as of May 2010)

•   Small Arms and Light Weapons
    Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat, and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in
    Small Arms and Light Weapons, in All Its Aspects
    Adopted at 2001 UN Conference on the Illicit Traffic in SALW in All Its Aspects

•   Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons
    The Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain
    Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or
    to Have Indiscriminate Effects (Convention on Certain Conventional
    Weapons/CCW)
    States parties: 109, Indonesia is not a party
5. Weapons of Mass Destruction
• Nuclear weapons
  - Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT): 5 March 1970
  - Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban-Treaty (CTBT): -

• Biological weapons
  Convention on the Prohibition of the Development,
  Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological
  (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their
  Destruction (BTWC): 26 March1975

• Chemical weapons
  Convention on the Prohibition of the Development,
  Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons
  and on their Destruction (CWC): 29 April 1997
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty:
Overview
• An internationally-negotiated and -agreed treaty
  to limit the spread of nuclear weapons


• Entered into force in 1970; 189 state parties to
  the treaty; only four recognized sovereign states
  are not: India, Israel, Pakistan, and North Korea


• Three pillars: nuclear disarmament, non-
  proliferation, the inalienable right to peaceful
  uses of nuclear energy:
6. Challenges to the Disarmament

• Universalization
  not yet universal, CTBT has not even entered into
  force

• Verification mechanism
  BTWC has not a verification mechanism yet

• Proliferation
  WMD terrorism, illicit trade of SALW

• Discrimination
NPT: NWS ~ NNWs
Con’t
• Bind state actors but not non-state actors

• A balance between disarmament, non-proliferation and
  peaceful uses

• “Effective multilateralism” outside the UN
  Selective, discriminative, non-inclusive and unilateral
  initiatives, i.e.: PSI, Megaport Initiative, Container Security
  Initiative, Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism
  (GICNT), Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP)

• Export control regime establishment
 Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), Nuclear Supplier
  Group (NSG), Wassenaar Arrangement dan Australian Group
7. Indonesia and Disarmament

• Indonesia to ratify CTBT

• Indonesia complies with its obligations
  under NPT, BTWC, CWC, Ottawa
  Convention (non-proliferation, destruction,
  reporting)

• Indonesia is the Coordinator of NAM
  Working Group on Disarmament

• Chairman of the NPT Prepcom in 2004
8. Conclusion
• Disarmament for international security
 As a process
 As an end

• Response to challenges ahead by
  multilateral approach
THANK YOU
QUESTIONS? COMMENTS?

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: Febrian A. Ruddyard Director for International Security and Disarmament Ministry of Foreign Affairs 31 May 2009