Management info system in service sector(psu)

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					 MANAGEMENT INFO SYSTEM IN
SERVICE SECTOR(GOVT. ENTITIES)




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MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM
Management information systems can be
defined as information systems that
provide reports which assist the
managerial monitoring and control of
organizational functions, resources or
other responsibilities.




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MANAGEMENT INFORMATION
       SYSTEMS


 MIS is also term to refer to class of
 systems used to support operational
 and tactical decision making




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MANAGEMENT INFORMATION
SYSTEMS
Transaction             Management
 Processing Systems      Information
 (TPS)                   Systems (MIS)
   Support operation      Provide decision-
   Management and          making support for
    control                 routine, structured
   Routine, normal
                            decisions
    operations             Closely linked to
                            and fed by TPS



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PUBLIC SECTOR MIS THAT ADDRESS
INTERNAL GOVERNMENT TRANSACTIONS,
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION/REGULATION,
AND PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY.
REAL-WORLD EXAMPLES OF ALL TYPES
ARE PROVIDED FROM THE US, UK,
AFRICA, AND ASIA.



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        EXAMPLES OF MANAGEMENT
          INFORMATION SYSTEMS
   C1. Internal Transaction-Based MIS:- Three
    main types of management information
    system fall into this category: accounting,
    human resources, and 'other'.




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I.   ACCOUNTING MIS
 Far    more than anything else, the
     emphasis of public sector MIS has been on
     money: on monitoring how much has been
     spent; on comparing this with budget; and
     on controlling expenditure to bring it in as
     close as possible to budget at year- end.
     Examples of this type of computerization
     range from the Kenyan Ministry of
     Agriculture (Pinckney et al., 1987) to
     major US regulatory agencies (Brown,
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     1999).
II.   HUMAN RESOURCES MIS
   Management information systems are used in the
    entire human resource lifecycle from recruitment
    to termination or retirement.
    Vacancies
    Recruitment and selection
    Staff performance
    Payroll
    Training
    Staff promotion
    Staff departure
    pension
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     III. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND
             REGULATION MIS
   The US Environmental Protection Agency is
    pushing forward in use of MIS to help monitor
    and control environmental risks (Sparrow, 1992).




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    IV. PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY MIS
   Both the US and UK Social Security agencies
    have developed MIS to report on the welfare
    payments and services that they provide
    (Danziger, 1991; Bellamy & Henderson, 1992).




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V. EDUCATION SECTOR MIS FOR
SCHOOLS

   Based on data gathered from individual schools
    and from other educational institutions such as
    exam boards and school inspectorates, this could
    monitor the provision of education and produce
    reports on.




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VI. TAXATION MIS
   Based on data recorded about individual tax-
    paying entities (whether individuals or
    organizations), this could monitor the payment of
    taxation, and produce reports on.




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                      CONCLUSION
    On the basis of our definition provided here, though, we
    can end by summarizing a few general points about MIS
    that differentiate them from other types of public sector
    information systems:
   Monitoring and control is central; the focus is therefore
    mainly on information
   about what has happened (or is happening) rather than, as
    with planning, what will happen.
   Reports are generally based on relatively simple analysis
    techniques.
   MIS normally feed into some human decision making,
    based on their reports; such decision making is usually
    structured or semi-structured.
   MIS are mainly targeted at operational and tactical
    management levels.
   Unless custom-written, MIS are often based on a database
    system, because of the
   superior query and reporting capabilities of database
    management systems.                                         13
THANK YOU FOR YOUR PATIENCE




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