CODING MANUAL by zhouwenjuan

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 93

									STUDY ON MEMORY OF 9/11 TERRORIST ATTACKS ON THE U.S.

                        SURVEY 3

                SHORT-ANSWER MANUAL
                        FOR
                     DATA ENTRY

         (With Addition of Revised Addendum coding)




                                                 Last Revised: 3/11/12
                                  TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction                                                    Page          2
Special Notes                                                   Page          3
Identification                    (Columns       1 – 4)         Pages    4– 5
Additional Front Page Questions   (Columns       5 – 7)         Page          6
Demographics                      (Columns      8 – 27)         Pages    7 – 15
Question #2                       (Columns     28 – 32)         Pages   16 – 18
Question #3                       (Columns     33 – 34)         Page         19
Question #4                       (Columns     35 – 37)         Pages   20 – 21
Question #5                       (Columns     38 – 39)         Page         22
Question #6                       (Columns     40 – 64)         Pages   23 – 24
Question #7                       (Columns     65 – 66)         Pages   25 – 27
Question #8                       (Columns     67 – 69)         Pages   28 – 31
Question #9                       (Columns     70 – 71)         Page         32
Question #10                      (Columns     72 – 73)         Page         33
Question #13                      (Column           74)         Page         34
Question #14                      (Column           75)         Page         35
Question #15                      (Column           76)         Page         35
Question #16                      (Column           77)         Page         35
Question #17                      (Column           78)         Page         36
Question #18                      (Column           79)         Page         36
Question #19                      (Columns    80 – 105)         Pages   37 – 44
Question #20                      (Column          106)         Page         45
Question #21                      (Column          107)         Page         45
Question #22                      (Column          108)         Page         45
Question #23                      (Columns   109 – 116)         Pages   46 – 47
Question #24                      (Columns   117 – 128)         Pages   48 – 50
Question #25                      (Columns   129 – 138)         Page         51
Question #26                      (Columns   139 – 140)         Pages   52 – 53
Question #27                      (Column          141)         Page         54
Question #28                      (Columns   142 – 160)         Pages   55 – 56
Question #29                      (Columns   161 – 172)         Pages   57 – 59
Question #30                      (Column          173)         Page         60
Question #31                      (Column          174)         Page         61
Question #32                      (Column          175)         Page         61
Question #33                      (Column          176)         Page         61
Question #34                      (Column          177)         Page         62
Question #35                      (Column          178)         Page         62
Question #36                      (Columns   179 – 204)         Pages   63 – 70
Question #37 (Brigham: Q38)       (Columns   205 – 210)         Pages   71 – 72
Question #41 (Brigham: Q42)       (Columns   211 – 236)         Pages   73 – 75
Question #42 (Brigham: Q30)       (Column          237)         Page         76
Question #43 (Brigham: Q31)       (Column          238)         Page         77
Question #44 (Brigham: Q32)       (Column          239)         Page         77
Question #45 (Brigham: Q33)       (Column          240)         Page         77
Question #46 (Brigham: Q34)       (Column          241)         Page         78
Question #47 (Brigham: Q35)       (Column          242)         Page         78
Question #48 (Brigham: Q36)       (Columns   243 – 268)         Pages   79 – 86
Question #49 (Brigham: Q43)       (Columns   269 & 300)         Page         87
Question #50 (Brigham: Q44)       (Columns   270 & 301)         Page         87
Question #51 (Brigham: Q45)       (Columns   271 – 273 & 302)   Page         88
Question #55 (Brigham: Q49)       (Columns   274 – 299)         Pages   89 – 91
Question Brigham #50              (Columns   303 – 318)         Page         92




                                              1
INTRODUCTION

The following is a coding scheme created to help researchers in various fields of
cognitive and social sciences as regards the data entered by approximately 1400
nationwide participants on a follow-up memory survey of the terrorist attacks on the
United States, on September 11, 2001. This second-round survey was distributed
between August 3-17, 2002. Participants were offered the option of filling out the
questionnaire by hand or on-line.

It is the aim of this coding to anticipate as many cross-referential uses of the data as is
possible so as to be an aid to multiple disciplines in the fields of cognitive and social
sciences.

Coding will be entered onto a Microsoft Excel grid spreadsheet. Each column will have a
heading that will refer to the particular information or question on the survey. For
example, for demographic information: “Age”, “Gender”, etc.

Although the demographic information for each participant is located at the end of the
survey, the coding of this information will be listed in the beginning columns. This will
help identify each survey and participant more quickly.

All headings will list the Question # and an abbreviated phrasing of the question. For
example, the full question for Question #6 is, “Who else was there?" All columns
pertaining to Question #6 will contain the heading: “Question #6 – Who Else”. Further
distinctions of columns will be added to the heading to make the column more specific:
“Question #6 – Who Else (Colleague)”.

Most questions, whether directly targeting specific information or prompting the
participant to enter various responses, will require multiple columns that will be used in
helping to categorize the information.

In the majority of questions, the category “Other” will be included for responses not
anticipated in the initial coding. These additional responses will be recorded on
addendum lists corresponding to the respective questions. Should any consistency arise
for a particular response within this list (approximately 50 or more respondents), that
response will be added to the initial grouping of anticipated responses. Added
categories/columns are noted, when applicable.

Although the survey was designed to alternate between short-answer questions and open-
ended questions, the following manual contains the sequential order of only the second-
round short-answer coding questions and instructions. The open-ended coding
instructions, for Survey 2, will be incorporated into a separate manual.




                                    2
SPECIAL NOTES:
a) The main issue for the coding is to capture the information as stated by the participant. This means to
try NOT to infer the information. In certain cases, where noted, you may refer to other parts of the survey
to determine more specifically the response entered.

b) Read the overviews and coding instructions for all questions, including notes for Web-site Surveys.

c) Review all selections before coding to confirm that you enter the most appropriate choice.

d) If you have any doubt about the coding, either on the hand-print or the web-site surveys, highlight the
particular “cell(s)” and ask Brett or Robert to review. If we're not around, highlight and move on.

e) Make sure to enter a code for every cell. DO NOT LEAVE ANY CELL BLANK.

f) “Not Stated”: Use this to designate when a participant did not provide a response to the question. For
example, the participant wrote “None” under “Religion”. Since the participant did enter a response, the
coding would go under “Other”, and “None” would be entered in the addendum list. In some cases,
where noted, "Not Stated" will include certain responses.

g) Please check off on the survey itself, in pen, each question as you answer it. When finished coding all
your questions, please check off the top right corner of the top page to denote data entry has been
completed. Don’t forget to include demographic questions.

h) If a survey has no 7-digit Subject ID, enter “NO ID” in “Subject ID” and continue on with survey.

i) In “Survey ID”, do not enter space or hyphen between letters and numbers (i.e. correct = “NSU021C”,
incorrect = “NSU_021C” or "NSU-021C"). Also, use 3 digits for all numbers (i.e. 001, 010, 100, etc.).

j) If a response potentially applies to more than one coding selection, but is not specific enough to make a
decision, please highlight. Then ask Brett or Robert or, if we're not around, move on to the next question:

For example, a participant wrote for “Question 4 – Where were you (Actual Site)”: “At my PC”. Since
this response coincides potentially with three of the provided selections (Home, School, Work Office),
ask either Brett or Robert, or highlight and move on. If the location may be determined more precisely,
then code appropriately. If not, then enter as "Other" and enter the response in the addendum.

When responses do not apply to provided selections, code as “Other” and enter responses in addendum.

SPECIAL NOTES FOR WEB-SITE SURVEYS:
a) Code numerical entries as they appear on the surveys. For worded responses, use coding manual.
b) If you come across something confusing, repetitive, or omitted, please highlight and ask.

SPECIAL NOTES ON ADDENDUM:
The addendum will be coded on a separate worksheet in the same Microsoft Excel document. No matter
how many entries you place in the addendum under a particular question, record in parentheses the
number of total addendum entries made for that question, for that participant (e.g. "Golfing (1)"). When
more than one response is entered, add additional rows for that participant, and again, by each entry,
record in parentheses the total # of addendum responses for that question. When adding additional rows,
make sure to enter the required ID codes in the first two columns. Unlike the main coding worksheet, you
may leave cells blank where no addendum entries are required.



                                                     3
        IDENTIFICATION

NOTE:   IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT THE ID CODINGS ARE ACCURATE.
        If ID codes are illegible or atypical, ask Brett or Robert, or highlight and move on.

        Overview:
        The first four columns help to identify each survey and participant:

        A) The first column ("sa1") identifies the university from where the survey originated
        combined with an assigned 3-digit number, starting with 001, 002, etc. (e.g. NSU001C,
        NSU002C, and so on). These are located at the top right corner of each survey. Do not
        hyphenate between the school & the number (e.g. NSU-001C is incorrect; NSU001C
        is correct). The suffix "C" denotes the 3rd round of surveys in the overall study.

NOTE:   Because the combined S1/S2/S3 SPSS matrix requires matching ID codes from all three
        rounds, where applicable, six columns are added, for post-coding, to the S3 Excel matrix.
        These help identify: a) the 1st Round (S1) Survey ID ("sa1-1st Round"); b) the SPSS 1st
        Round Subject ID ("sa2-SPSS"); c) the 2nd Round (S2) Survey ID ("sa1-2nd Round"); d)
        the SPSS 2nd Round Subject ID ("sa3-SPSS"); e) the survey "rounds" in which each
        person participated (“Survey Rounds”); and f) any discrepancy in the Subject ID coding
        between rounds (“Subject ID Difference”). For the 3rd round coding, the coders will use
        only the columns "sa1" and "sa2" to identify the 3rd Round Survey IDs and Subject IDs as
        designated on the 3rd Round surveys.

        B) The second column ("sa2") identifies the participant by using the 7-digit coding at the
        beginning of the survey. AGAIN, PLEASE MAKE SURE THIS IS ACCURATE.

        C) The third column ("sa3") identifies the survey type (Hand-Printed or Web-Site, or
        Phone Version). The phone version is applicable only to Harvard (S1 & S2) and
        Brigham (S3) surveys.

        D) The fourth column ("sa4") identifies the survey version. These are defined either as
        Confidence A, B, C, or Forecasting A, B, C. These distinctions of Confidence and
        Forecasting are found in rating schemes, provided with some of the questions, which
        target either memory confidence or projected forecasting. A, B, & C refer to different
        order sequences for the events listed in Question #29. For hand-print surveys, refer to the
        bottom left corner of the survey. For web-site surveys, refer to the "Subject" heading or
        the entry for "Survey" or "Survey Type".

        For Swedish surveys only, there is an added “Confidence” version (“CD”), which will be
        coded as “7”.

        For Brigham surveys only, other survey version designations will be used to denote
        different categories of participant pools.




                                            4
Column 1
Heading:     “Survey ID”

Coding:      Assigned per survey (i.e. NSU001C, NSU002C, NYU001C, NYU002C, etc.)
             NSU001C = First survey of New School University, etc.
             NYU001C = First survey of New York University, etc.

Column 2
Heading:     “Subject ID”

Coding:      7-digit ID code entered by participant (USE UPPERCASE & INCLUDE HYPHEN)

NOTE:        For Brigham: enter Prefix initials noted by telephone coder.

Column 3
Heading:     "Survey Type"

Coding:      1 = Hand-Print
             2 = Web-Site
             3 = Phone Version (applicable to Harvard (S1 & S2) and Brigham (S3) surveys)

Column 4
Heading:     “Survey Version”

Coding:       1 = CA
              2 = CB
              3 = CC
              4 = FA
              5 = FB
              6 = FC
              7 = CD         (one of the Swedish versions)
              8 = “c”        (one of the Brigham versions)
              9 = “mci”      (one of the Brigham versions)
             10 = “ad”       (one of the Brigham versions)
             11 = “ad/mci”   (one of the Brigham versions)

No Column #
Heading:    “Survey Rounds”

Coding:       1 = S1 only
              2 = S2 only
              3 = S2 and S1
              4 = Participant from S2 stated participation in S1, but no ID match found
              5 = S3 only
              6 = S3 and S1
              7 = S3 and S2
              8 = S3 and S2 and S1
              9 = Participant from S3 stated participation in prior round(s), but no ID matches found
             10 = Participant from Brigham for whom prior survey rounds were not coded

NOTE:        This column will be coded by Robert, after all coding for S3 is completed.


                                                 5
               ADDITIONAL FRONT PAGE QUESTIONS

               Overview:
               These columns (Columns 5-7, plus the two "Charity" columns) address additional
               questions on the first page of the survey.

               REMEMBER: *** FOR WEB SURVEYS, CODE NUMBERS AS PRINTED ***

Column 5
Heading:       "2nd Round Participant" (As entered by participant)

Coding:        0 = Not stated (No response given)
               1 = Yes
               2 = No
Column 6
Heading:       "1st Round Participant" (As entered by participant)

Coding:        0 = Not stated (No response given)
               1 = Yes
               2 = No

No Column #
Heading:    "2nd Round Participant" (Actual status) NOTE: ROBERT WILL CODE

Coding:        1 = Yes
               2 = No
No Column #
Heading:    "1st Round Participant" (Actual status)     NOTE: ROBERT WILL CODE

Coding:        1 = Yes
               2 = No
No Column #
Heading:    "Charity"

Coding:        0 = American Red Cross
               1 = New York Times 9/11 Neediest Funds
               2 = TBD charity to help fund WTC memorial
               3 = No preference
               4 = Not stated (No response given)
No Column #
Heading:    "Charity - Discrepancy"

Coding:        0 = No Discrepancy between 2nd and 3rd Round
               1 = Discrepancy Noted
               2 = Not Applicable (Participant only took part in S1)

Column 7
Heading:       "Date Participated"

Coding:        Enter __/__/__
               00/00/00 = Not stated (No response given)


                                                    6
             DEMOGRAPHICS

             Overview:
             Columns 8–27 will categorize the following demographic information:

             Age
             Gender
             Student - Level
             Student - Where
             Religion
             Race / Ethnicity
             Political Affiliation
             Home of Origin
             Present Residence
             Assistance on Survey
             Helped by Whom
             Other Survey Assistance
             Psychological Counseling
             Financial Assistance
             Received Survey from Where
             Fahrenheit 9/11

             Coding for the above is further explained as you arrive at instructions for each column.

Column 8
Heading:     “Age”

Coding:      Enter actual number of years
             0 = Not stated (No response given)

Column 9
Heading:     “Gender”

Coding:      0 = Not stated (No response given)
             1 = Female
             2 = Male

Column 10
Heading:     “Student - Level”

Coding:      0 = Not stated (No response given)
             1 = Non-student
             2 = High school
             3 = Undergraduate
             4 = Post-graduate
             5 = Student (Level Unknown)

No Column # (Enter in addendum only)
Heading:     “Student - Where”

Coding:      Enter response in addendum


                                                  7
Column 11
Heading:       “Religion”

Notes:         Agnostic/Atheist becomes "Agnostic"
               None, N/A, Unaffiliated, No religion, Non-practicing (unspecified) becomes "None"
               Pagan, Wiccan, Santerian, Bahai, Miscellaneous entries becomes "Other"
               Non-denominational and all sects that fall under Christianity becomes "Christian"
               Atheist combined with another religion becomes the other religion stated
               Multiple entries or responses not on the established list become "Other". Enter
                into addendum the responses as they are stated on the survey.
               Catholic & Protestant, including all sects (e.g. Lutheran, Methodist, etc.)
                become "Christian"

Coding:       0 = Not stated
              1 = Christian
              2 = Jewish
              3 = Muslim (Include "Islam")
              4 = Hindu
              5 = Buddhist
              6 = Atheist
              7 = Agnostic
              8 = Other (Enter response(s) in addendum)
Added coding: 9 = None


Column 12
Heading:       “Race / Ethnicity”

Notes:         American combined with another ethnicity/race becomes that other ethnicity/race
               American unspecified, "Human", "None" becomes "Not Stated"
               Filipino becomes "Asian"
               Caribbean, Guyanese becomes "Black"
               Latino = Hispanic
               Syrian, Lebanese, Egyptian constitutes "Arabic"
               Persian/Iranian = Other
               European/Eastern European locales, Jewish, Armenian, Turkish, Caucasian
                 = "White"
               Indian unspecified or Indian American = East Indian
                 (unless other information states/implies Native American/American Indian)

Coding:        0 = Not stated
               1 = White
               2 = Black
               3 = Asian
               4 = Hispanic
               5 = Arabic
               6 = East Indian
               7 = American Indian
               8 = Other (Enter response(s) in addendum)
Added coding: 9 = Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander
Added coding: 10 = Mixed


                                                  8
Column 13
Heading:       “Political Affiliation”

Notes:         The definitions below are an attempt to cover the predominant spectrum of American
               political discourse. Using the basis of publications such as The Weekly Standard or Fox
               News to represent the more Conservative/Right-wing elements of American politics, and
               The Nation to represent the more Liberal/Left-wing elements, we have deduced certain
               issues or perspectives representative of these demographic divisions. Of course, more
               extreme stances or affiliations will be coded accordingly (e.g. "Anarchist" would be
               coded under "Extreme Left").

               Liberal, Progressive, Egalitarian constitutes "Moderate Left"
               Conservative, Libertarian constitutes "Moderate Right"
               Eclectic, Combinations of extremes, No affiliation "with parties" becomes "Independent"
               No Affiliation "general", None, Not Sure, Hate Politics, Uncommitted becomes "None"
               Moderate or Mixed unspecified, Neutral, or combinations of both sides becomes "Center"
               Unspecified (i.e. "Extremely Strong") will be coded as "Other"
               If the party stated matches any of those listed in the coding, then make entry under that
                 selection. For example, the participant entered “Democrat on the far left.” Even
                 though the participant wrote “on the far left”, the response still denotes Democrat as
                 as the party affiliation, so the response would go under "Moderate Left", not
                 “Extreme Left”, since Democrat is listed in that selection.
               Left     = Moderate Left
               Right = Moderate Right

               The following descriptions/Issues will be considered as "Extreme":

                       Extreme Left                    Extreme Right
                       Feminist                        Pro-Life
                       Pacifist                        Pro-Business
                       Socialist
                       Environmentalist/Green

Coding:       0 = Not stated
              1 = Extreme Left (e.g. Communist, Socialist)
              2 = Moderate Left (e.g. Democrat)
              3 = Center (if stated as such)
              4 = Moderate Right (e.g. Republican, Libertarian)
              5 = Extreme Right (e.g. Right-to-Life)
              6 = Independent (if stated as such)
              7 = Other (Enter response(s) in addendum)
Added coding: 8 = None




                                                  9
Column 14
Heading:     “Home of Origin – Country”

Coding:      The actual question reads, “where did you grow up?” Information is divided into four
             columns so as to access data by a) country, b) U.S. State, c) domestic and foreign city,
             and d) U.S. region. In the case of “country”, certain sections of the world are grouped
             together to facilitate data accessibility. If necessary, numbers could be assigned for every
             country. If participant states more than one location, but it is unclear if more than one
             country (e.g. “military brat”), enter in “Other”.

Notes:       Any combination of countries, with or without the U.S. becomes "Multiple"
             Multiple (with no way to designate as distinct countries) = "Other"
             Continents (i.e. Africa) and "Abroad", Korea (North or South), & Bermuda = "Other"
             Responses such as "Nowhere", "Wherever I am" become "Not Stated"
             "East Germany" (in Origin) = Eastern Europe [in Residence = Western Europe]
             Puerto Rico constitutes "USA"                    Hong Kong = Southeast Asia

              0      = Not stated
              1      = USA
              2      = Western Europe (British Isles, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, France,
                       Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Belgium, Netherlands,
                       Luxembourg, Liechtenstein, Austria, Greece, Iceland)
              3      = Northern Europe (Norway, Finland, Denmark)
              4      = Sweden
              5      = Eastern Europe (Czech Rep., Slovakia, Romania, Hungary,
                       Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Albania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia,
                       Poland, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine)
               6     = Turkey
               7     = Israel
               8     = Mid-East Arab Countries
               9     = North Africa
              10     = Central Africa
              11     = South Africa
              12     = "Stan" Republics
              13     = Afghanistan
              14     = Pakistan
              15     = India
              16     = China
              17     = Japan
              18     = Southeast Asia
              19     = Indonesia
              20     = Australia / New Zealand
              21     = Central America
              22     = South America
              23     = Caribbean
              24     = Canada
              25     = Other (Enter response(s) in addendum)
Added coding: 26     = Multiple




                                                 10
Column 15
Heading:    “Home of Origin – U.S. State”

Notes:      “Not Stated” will only be used when a response is not given at all or cannot be any of
              the established selections (e.g. “U.S.A.”).
            “Not Applicable” will only be used for foreign destinations exclusively.
            There will be an additional selection of “53 = Multiple/Military”.
            If domestic and foreign locations are listed, but only one state is mentioned,
              then enter coding # for that state (meaning disregard foreign locations).
            If domestic and foreign locations are listed, but more than one state is mentioned,
              then enter as “Multiple”.
            There is a designated number for each state, in alpha order (i.e. 1 = Alabama,
              2 = Alaska, 3 = Arizona, 4 = Arkansas, etc.):
                     0       = Not stated
                     1 – 50 = U.S. states, in alpha order (see list below)
                     51      = District of Columbia
                     52      = Not applicable (i.e. foreign designation or Other)
            Military constitutes "Multiple"
            Suburban Washington constitutes "Not Stated" (no way of knowing which state)

Coding:      1      = Alabama                        27      = Nebraska
             2      = Alaska                         28      = Nevada
             3      = Arizona                        29      = New Hampshire
             4      = Arkansas                       30      = New Jersey
             5      = California                     31      = New Mexico
             6      = Colorado                       32      = New York
             7      = Connecticut                    33      = North Carolina
             8      = Delaware                       34      = North Dakota
             9      = Florida                        35      = Ohio
            10      = Georgia                        36      = Oklahoma
            11      = Hawaii                         37      = Oregon
            12      = Idaho                          38      = Pennsylvania
            13      = Illinois                       39      = Rhode Island
            14      = Indiana                        40      = South Carolina
            15      = Iowa                           41      = South Dakota
            16      = Kansas                         42      = Tennessee
            17      = Kentucky                       43      = Texas
            18      = Louisiana                      44      = Utah
            19      = Maine                          45      = Vermont
            20      = Maryland                       46      = Virginia
            21      = Massachusetts                  47      = Washington
            22      = Michigan                       48      = West Virginia
            23      = Minnesota                      49      = Wisconsin
            24      = Mississippi                    50      = Wyoming
            25      = Missouri                       51      = District of Columbia
            26      = Montana                        52      = Not Applicable
                                                               (i.e. Foreign destination or "Other")
                                                     53      = Multiple, Military




                                               11
Column 16
Heading:     “Home of Origin – City”

Notes:       To increase specificity, U.S. cities and their surrounding areas that were involved more
             directly in the incidents of the attacks, as well as cities/communities from which the
             surveys were conducted are listed below.

             “Not Stated” will only be used when a response is not given at all or cannot be deduced
               from the response(s) given (e.g. “U.S.A.” or “Texas – rural”).
             If more than one NYC location mentioned, enter as “New York City – General”
             “Other Foreign” will be used only when exclusively foreign (no U.S. locations).
               [The only exception is Sweden, which is one of the selections provided.]
             “Other U.S.” will be used as follows:
                     - when a single other U.S. city or town name, other than those listed, is
                       specified, even when combined with foreign cities (add to addendum).
                     - when more than one U.S. city or town is specified, even when
                       combined with foreign cities (add to addendum)

             For U.S. Cities
             Counties around NYC in the NY, NJ & CT areas constitute "Greater NYC"
             Areas in proximity to cities listed (i.e. Boston, SF, LA, etc.) constitute that city
             Cities mentioned but undefined as to which state constitute "Other U.S."
             NYC Manhattan - Unspecified constitutes "NYC - General"
             Combinations of domestic cities becomes "Other U.S."

             For Foreign Cities
             Combinations of foreign and domestic cities becomes "Other U.S."
             Puerto Rico cities become "Other U.S."

             (For “Other U.S.” and “Other Foreign”: Keep addendum list)
             If unaware of a street &/or city location, go to www.mapquest.com

Coding:        0     = Not stated
               1     = NYC Manhattan – Uptown East (above 59th Street)
               2     = NYC Manhattan – Uptown West (above 59th Street)
               3     = NYC Manhattan – Midtown (from 14th St. to 59th Street)
               4     = NYC Manhattan – East & West Villages
               5     = NYC Manhattan – Lower East Side (below Canal, east of Bdwy)
               6     = NYC Manhattan – Tribeca / Battery Park
               7     = NYC Bronx
               8     = NYC Brooklyn                   9     = NYC Queens
              10     = NYC Staten Island             11     = New York City - General
              12     = NY Upstate                    13     = Palo Alto
              14     = San Francisco                 15     = Los Angeles
              16     = Boston                        17     = Wash. DC
              18     = Pittsburgh                    19     = St. Louis
              20     = Santa Cruz                    21     = New Haven
              22     = Sweden                        23     = Other U.S. (Also enter in addendum)
              24     = Other Foreign (Also enter in addendum)
Added coding: 25     = Greater NYC



                                                  12
Column 17
Heading:    “Home of Origin – U.S. Region”

Notes:      Although information in this category may overlap with Column 15, Column 16 will
            enable researchers to isolate more specifically U.S. regional demographics:

            “Not Stated” will only be used when no response is given OR when participant’s
             response cannot identify region (e.g. response states only “U.S.A.”).

            “Not Applicable” will only be used for foreign locations (no U.S. locations).

            In these columns, “Multiple” is provided. This selection will be used when the
              participant lists more than one response, including “Military”, as long as the
              U.S. region can be identified from the response. This would apply, as well, to
              responses that include combined multiple domestic and foreign locations.

            If only one U.S. location is mentioned along with multiple foreign locations, then
              enter the region for the single U.S. location specified, as long as it can be
              identified from the response.

Coding:     0       = Not stated                      5      = Northwest
            1       = Northeast                                Idaho
                      Connecticut                              Oregon
                      Maine                                    Washington
                      Massachusetts                   6      = West
                      New Hampshire                            California
                      Rhode Island                             Colorado
                      Vermont                                  Montana
            2       = Mid-Atlantic                             Nevada
                      Delaware                                 Utah
                      Dist. of Columbia                        Wyoming
                      Maryland                        7      = Southwest
                      New Jersey                               Arizona
                      New York                                 New Mexico
                      Pennsylvania                             Texas
            3       = Mid-West                        8      = South
                      Illinois                                 Alabama
                      Indiana                                  Florida
                      Iowa                                     Georgia
                      Michigan                                 Kentucky
                      Minnesota                                Louisiana
                      Ohio                                     Mississippi
                      Wisconsin                                North Carolina
            4       = Central                                  South Carolina
                      Arkansas                                 Tennessee
                      Kansas                                   Virginia
                      Missouri                                 West Virginia
                      Nebraska                        9      = Alaska
                      North Dakota                   10      = Hawaii
                      Oklahoma                       11      = Not Applicable
                      South Dakota                   12      = Multiple (e.g. “Military Brat”)


                                               13
Column 18
Heading:    “Present Residence – Country”

Coding:     Same coding as Column 13 “Home of Origin – Country”

Column 19
Heading:    “Present Residence – U.S. State”

Coding:     Same coding as Column 14 “Home of Origin – U.S. State”

Column 20
Heading:    “Present Residence – City”

Coding:     Same coding as Column 15 “Home of Origin – City”

Column 21
Heading:    “Present Residence – U.S. Region”

Coding:     Same coding as Column 16 “Home of Origin – U.S. Region”




                                                14
Column 22
Heading:     "Assistance on Survey"

Coding:      0 = Not stated (No response given)
             1 = Yes
             2 = No

No Column # (Enter in addendum only)
Heading:     "Helped by Whom"

Coding:      Enter response in addendum
             (If not mentioned or answer is simply "No", do not enter in the addendum.)

Column 23
Heading:     "Other Survey Assistance"

Coding:      0 = Not stated (No response given)
             1 = Yes, but source is not cited
             2 = Yes, and source is cited (Enter response in addendum)
             3 = No

Column 24
Heading:     "Psychological Counseling"

Coding:      0 = Not stated (No response given)
             1 = Yes
             2 = No

Column 25
Heading:     "Financial Assistance"

Coding:      0 = Not stated (No response given)
             1 = Yes
             2 = No

Column 26
Heading:     "Received Survey from Where (Method)"

Coding:      0 = Not stated (No response given)
             1 = Mailing
             2 = Hand Distribution (Campus, Street, Friend, etc.)
             3 = Web-site or Computer
             4 = Telephone
             5 = Other (Enter response in addendum)

Column 27
Heading:     "Fahrenheit 9/11"

Coding:      0 = Not stated (No response given)
             1 = Yes
             2 = No


                                                  15
         QUESTIONS #2 - #10

         Overview:
         Each of these questions targets specific elements recalled at the time of awareness of the
         attacks: When, How, Where, What, Who, Emotional response, and Behavioral actions
         before and after awareness of the attack. In addition, participants are asked to respond
         both by content and by rating their estimation of either a) how confident they are of the
         recall one year ago, or b) how well their forecasted memory will be in two years' time. In
         both cases, regardless of the version of the survey the participant is given (Confidence or
         Forecasting), the rating is on a scale of 1-5, with “0” = No rating listed.



         QUESTION #2
         "What time was it on the East Coast when you first became aware of the attack?"

         Overview:
         The participant may recall time in various ways. For this reason, there will be four
         columns that will record the different aspects of how the participant stated the response:

         Column 28: registers Eastern Standard Time, using the specific minute or average range.
         Column 29: registers the time as precise or approximate.
         Column 30: registers time zone conversion to Eastern Standard Time.
         Column 31: registers if other questions were referenced to more accurately code the time.
         Column 32: this fifth column records the confidence or forecasting rating.


NOTES:   You may refer to Q1 or other questions to help code more accurately for this question.
         However, if a discrepancy exists between what is written in Q2 and other responses, then
         please ask Brett or Robert, or highlight and move on.
         (It is not wrong to show discrepancies, but it is worth reviewing before deciding.)

         If participant addressed the issue of time in Q1, but did not enter a response in Q2, then
         you may use the information from Q1 for Q2.

         You must enter time in Military hours (i.e. 2:00 p.m. = 14:00).
         For special coding of other Military times, see coding on next page, in Column 26.

         If other than Eastern (New York) time, then time must be adjusted. If you have any
         questions as to the conversion of time zones, ask and/or highlight and move on.




                                             16
Column 28
Heading:    “Question #2 – Time Recalled (Specific or Average)”

NOTES:      If response is narrative - e.g. "just after 1st bldg. was hit" - and you can translate this into
            a time [in this case, 8:50 a.m. EST], then do so. If narrative is too vague to be translated
            (e.g. "just after attacks occurred") - then code as “Not Applicable” or highlight and ask.

            Actual Time-line of Main Events (for reference)
             8:45 a.m. EST        1st WTC hit
             9:03 a.m. EST        2nd WTC hit
             9:43 a.m. EST        Pentagon hit
            10:05 a.m. EST        South Tower of WTC collapses
            10:10 a.m. EST        Plane crashes in Pennsylvania
            10:28 a.m. EST        North Tower of WTC collapses

            For additional chronology, go to: www.cnn.com/2001/US/09/11/chronology.attack

Coding:     Enter Eastern time as either the specific time OR the average of the time span stated
                      (e.g. 9 - 10 = 9:30)
              '0:00 = Not Stated or Don't Know (No response was given in Q1 or Q2).
                     (first type an apostrophe when entering data). If not, data will record as
                      12:00 a.m. (Midnight)
            '24:00 = Midnight (first type an apostrophe when entering data). If not, data will display
                      "0:00" (Military hours) and thus mistakenly code as "Not Stated".
            '25:00 = Not Applicable (time stated vaguely, such as "after incident" or "Afternoon").
                      Again, first type an apostrophe when entering data. If not, data will display
                      "1:00" (military clock starts over again) and thus mistakenly code as "1:00 a.m.".


Column 29
Heading:    “Question #2 – Time Recalled (Precise or Approximate)”

NOTES:      For responses referring to time beyond 9/11, choose from below: 10, 11, or 12.

            "Approximate" = any phrase that implies estimation: e.g. "about", "around", etc.

Coding:      0 = Not stated (No response given in Q1 or Q2) or Don't Know.
             1 = Stated as specific to the minute (e.g. 9:22)
             2 = Stated as a specific range of time (e.g. 9:10 – 9:20)
             3 = Stated as approximate to the minute (e.g. "around" 10:05)
             4 = Stated as an approximate range of time (e.g. "from about" 10:10 – 10:30)
             5 = Stated not as time, but as "Morning", or as reference to EST from 6 a.m. – 11 a.m.
             6 = Stated not as time, but as "Mid-Day", or as reference to EST from 11 a.m. – 1 p.m.
             7 = Stated not as time, but as "Afternoon", or as reference to EST from 1 p.m. – 5 p.m.
             8 = Stated not as time, but as "Evening", or as reference to EST from 5 p.m. – 7 p.m.
             9 = Stated not as time, but as "Night", or as reference to EST from 7 p.m. – 12 midnight
            10 = Stated either as time or not, but which refers to "Next Day" (9/12)
            11 = Stated either as time or not, but which refers to "Later that Week" (9/13 thru 9/15)
            12 = Stated either as time or not, but which refers to "After Week of 9/11" (9/16 or later)




                                                 17
Column 30
Heading:    “Question #2 – Time Recalled (Time Zone Conversion)

Coding:     0 = Not stated or Don't Know (Response not given, or only as "unsure", in Q1 and Q2).
            1 = Participant entered time as EST
            2 = Participant did not convert time to EST (Coder must adjust to EST in Column 28)
            3 = Participant demonstrated attempt at converting time, but it was done incorrectly
               (Coder must adjust to EST in Column 28)
            4 = Not Applicable (Conversion is not applicable or possible given the type of response:
                                 e.g. "After incident occurred")


Column 31
Heading;    “Question #2 – Time Recalled (Other Questions Referenced)"

Coding:     0 = No
            1 = Yes


Column 32
Heading:    “Question #2 – Time (Rating)”

            IF CONFIDENCE VERSION:
Coding:     0     = Not stated (No rating given)
            1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Extremely”

            IF FORECASTING VERSION:
Coding:     0     = Not stated (No rating given)
            1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Perfectly”




                                               18
            QUESTION #3
            "How did you first learn about it (what was the source of the information)?"


Column 33
Heading:    “Question #3 – How Recalled (Content)”

Notes:      Only code for FIRST response.
            Internet and News-unspecified constitutes "Other"
            Miscellaneous announcements constitutes "Word-of-Mouth"

Coding:     0 = Not stated
            1 = TV
            2 = Radio
            3 = E-mail/IM
            4 = Phone call (includes Phone messages)
            5 = Visual sighting
            6 = Word-of-mouth
            7 = Sounds/Screams/Sirens
            8 = Other (Enter response in addendum)


Column 34
Heading:    “Question #3 – How Recalled (Rating)”

            IF CONFIDENCE VERSION:
Coding:     0     = Not stated (No rating given)
            1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Extremely”

            IF FORECASTING VERSION:
Coding:     0     = Not stated (No rating given)
            1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Perfectly”




                                               19
             QUESTION #4
             "Where were you?"

             Overview:
             The issue of location may prompt the participant to respond in one of two ways: by type
             of location site or by the geographic locale. For this reason, we will use both to account
             for this possibility. Whether or not the response applies to one or both location columns,
             only one rating column will be used.


Column 35
Heading:     “Question #4 – Where Recalled (Actual Site)”

Notes:       Enter only one or the other (Actual Site or Geographic Site), unless the response stated
             applies to both columns (e.g. “at home, in NYC”). In this example, “home” would be the
             selection for “Actual Site”, and “NYC – General” the selection for “Geographic Site”.

             If NYC address locations are listed specifically, then make sure to confirm that the
             correct borough (i.e. Manhattan, Brooklyn, Bronx…) is used.

             Any local public building (e.g. courthouse, railroad station, etc.) becomes
               "Community Bldg" [But, see note for "Place of Business"]
             Dorm constitutes "Home"
             Home of Someone Else becomes "Other"
             Any place of business (e.g. dentist, govt. bldg., conference ctr, gym (if outside school),
               hotels, etc.) becomes "Place of Business"
             If the location of a building is identified as being within a school campus/area
               (e.g. dining hall), then code for school. [An exception would be if in the dorm.
               Then "Home" would take precedence.] Another example would be "elevator"
               (if at work, code for "work office", but if at home, code for "home")

Coding:        0     = Not stated
               1     = Home
               2     = School
               3     = Work office
               4     = Commuting (Train, Car, Bus, Subway)
               5     = Airport
               6     = Airplane
               7     = On the street/Outdoors
               8     = Vacation
               9     = Religious building
              10     = Community service building
              11     = Other (Enter response in addendum)
Added coding: 12     = Place of Business




                                                 20
Column 36
Heading:     “Question #4 – Where Recalled (Geographic Site)”

Notes:       For U.S. Cities
             Counties around NYC in the NY, NJ & CT areas constitute "Greater NYC"
             Areas in proximity to cities listed (i.e. Boston, SF, LA, etc.) constitute that city
             Cities mentioned but undefined as to which state constitute "Other U.S."
             NYC Manhattan - Unspecified constitutes "NYC - General"
             Combinations of domestic cities becomes "Other U.S."

             For Foreign Cities
             Combinations of foreign and domestic cities becomes "Other U.S."
             Puerto Rico cities become "Other U.S."

             (For “Other U.S.” and “Other Foreign”: Enter response(s) into addendum)

             If unaware of a street &/or city location, go to www.mapquest.com

Coding:      0       = Not stated (No response given at all or none applicable to this column)
             1       = NYC Manhattan – Uptown East (above 59th Street)
             2       = NYC Manhattan – Uptown West (above 59th Street)
             3       = NYC Manhattan – Midtown (from 14th St. to 59th Street)
             4       = NYC Manhattan – East & West Villages
             5       = NYC Manhattan – Lower East Side (below Canal, east of Broadway)
             6       = NYC Manhattan – Tribeca / Battery Park
             7       = NYC Bronx
             8       = NYC Brooklyn
             9       = NYC Queens
             10      = NYC Staten Island             11        = New York City - General
             12      = NY Upstate                    13        = Palo Alto
             14      = San Francisco                 15        = Los Angeles
             16      = Boston                        17        = Wash. DC
             18      = Pittsburgh                    19        = St. Louis
             20      = Santa Cruz                    21        = New Haven
             22      = Sweden                        23        = Other U.S. (Also enter in addendum)
             24      = Other Foreign (Also enter in addendum)
Added coding 25      = Greater NYC


Column 37
Heading:     “Question #4 – Where Recalled (Rating)”

             IF CONFIDENCE VERSION:
Coding:      0     = Not stated (No rating given)
             1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Extremely”

             IF FORECASTING VERSION:
Coding:      0     = Not stated (No rating given)
             1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Perfectly”




                                                  21
            QUESTION #5
            "What were you doing?"

            Overview:
            This question targets the participant’s actions before awareness of the attack. Only enter
            the primary/main activity mentioned as it relates to the categories below. If not
            included in the selections listed, then add the response to the addendum list for “Other”.

Column 38
Heading:    “Question #5 – What Recalled (Content)”

Notes:      Use selection “4” (Traveling/Commuting) for those who identify the main activity as the
              transit between places (e.g. going to work, an appointment, general traveling). Do
              NOT include when specifying an errand or when recreational, such as a constitutional.
            Studying, Being in class, Waiting for class to begin/for professor = "Working"
            Having conversation in person constitutes "Communicating"
            Break between classes or on break at work becomes "Leisure Activities"
            Entries alluding to "prayer" or church-going constitute "Leisure Activities"
            Any kind of outside appointment not work-related constitutes "Running Errands"
            "Nothing" becomes "Other"
            Eye-witnessing = Live Information Gathering

Coding:      0      = Not stated
             1      = Awaking (Sleeping, Waking up, Getting out of bed)
             2      = Preparing for the day (Showering, Shaving, Dressing, Eating breakfast)
             3      = Running errands/Doing Chores (Buying Groceries, Going to the Post Office,
                      Walking or Feeding pets, Fixing up house or apt., Voting)
             4      = Traveling/Commuting (Train, Subway, Car, Airplane, Walking to work)
             5      = Communicating (On Phone, On Internet, On Email)
             6      = Working (Office or Home)
             7      = Recreationally engaged (Playing sports or games, Doing hobbies, Exercising,
                      Constitutional (Walking – if unspecified)
            a)      = Leisure Activities (Resting or Napping, Looking out the window, Pleasure
                      reading, Reading the newspaper, Watching TV (not news), Listening to music
                      on radio/stereo, Surfing the Internet (not news))
             9      = Live Information Gathering (News on TV/Radio/Internet, Eye-witnessing)
            10      = Other (Enter response in addendum)


Column 39
Heading:    “Question #5 - What Recalled (Rating)

            IF CONFIDENCE VERSION:
Coding:     0     = Not stated (No rating given)
            1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Extremely”
            IF FORECASTING VERSION:
Coding:     0     = Not stated (No rating given)
            1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Perfectly”




                                               22
               QUESTION #6
               "Who else was there?"

               Overview:
               Since multiple answers may be given, the selections will have separate columns
               (Columns 40– 63). Column 64 addresses the rating for Confidence or Forecasting.

Column 40-63
Heading:     "Question #6 - Who Else Recalled (List of categories/columns shown below)"

Notes:         Entries alluding to boyfriend/girlfriend, "partner", companion = "Spouse/Lover"
               Unclear relationships or potential overlap of relationships = "Other"
               Entries of occasional familiarity (e.g. doorman, friend's mom) = "Acquaintance"
               Entries of consistent familiarity (e.g. teammates) = "Close Friend"
               Entries implying unfamiliarity (e.g. repairmen, crew worker, etc.) = "Stranger"
               Work-related relationships (e.g. office manager, client, etc.) = "Colleague"
               Entries denoting "Can't remember", "Don't Know" = "Not Stated"
               "None" will be coded as "Other"
               Do not include pets in “Other”. If only “pets” are mentioned, then enter “Alone”.

Coding:        0 = Not Stated/Not Applicable (No response or not applicable to the column)
               1 = Stated/Applicable (Applies to one or more person(s) for each category)

               Not stated (Enter a "1" IN THIS COLUMN if no response given by participant)
               Spouse/Lover
               Parent
               Child
               Sibling
               Other Blood Relative (Enter "1", if applicable, and enter response in addendum)
               Parent In-law
               Child In-law
               Sibling In-law
               Other In-law (Enter "1", if applicable, and enter response in addendum)
               Close Friend (when designated as such or suggestive of consistent familiarity")
               Acquaintance Friend (when designated or suggestive of occasional familiarity)
               Colleague
               Roommate
               Teacher
               Student
               Classmate
               Neighbor
               Fellow Commuter
               Stranger
               Govt. Official (Police, Fire Dept., Govt. worker)
               Medical Personnel (Doctor, Nurse, EMT)
               Alone
               Other (Enter "1", if applicable, and enter response in addendum)




                                                  23
Column 64
Heading:    “Question #6 - Who Else (Rating)”

            IF CONFIDENCE VERSION:
Coding:     0     = Not stated (No rating given)
            1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Extremely”

            IF FORECASTING VERSION:
Coding:     0     = Not stated (No rating given)
            1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Perfectly”




                                                24
                QUESTION #7
                "How did you feel when you first became aware of the attack?"

                Overview:
                Only code for FIRST response.

Column 65
Heading:        “Question #7 – First Emotional Response Recalled (Content)”

Notes:          In addition to the synonyms and coding definitions stated below, SEE PAGE 27 for
                additional listings and coding instructions for all categories listed.

                If a response is not shown below, but is strongly associated with one of the coding
                selections, you may code for that category (e.g. "Pissed off" would constitute "Angry").
                However, please ask if you have any doubt.

                When response applies to "Other", remember to enter it into the addendum.

                If a response is not an emotion (e.g. "I took out the trash"), or is too nebulous to
                determine an emotion (e.g. “I said 'What?’"), then code as "Not Applicable". For
                instance, this latter example could mean several things: from registering shock, to
                expressing anger, to implying the participant didn’t hear what someone said.

                For the Addendum: It is not necessary to enter a long phrase or sentence; only the
                emotion itself or short phrase (e.g. “I felt pessimistic” = “Pessimistic”).

Coding:          0 = Not stated
                 1 = Angry (Include: Mad, Vengeful, Livid, Annoyed, Bitter -- See page 27)
                 2 = Sad (Include: Dismayed, Upset, Mournful, Depressed -- See page 27)
                 3 = Fearful (Include: Scared, Terrified, Alarmed -- See page 27)
                 4 = Confused (Include: Disoriented, Lost, Unstable, Unsure -- See page 27)
                 5 = Frustrated (Include: Helpless, Aggravated -- See page 27)
                 6 = Shocked (Include: Stunned, Disbelieving, Astonished, Horrified -- See page 27)
                 7 = Other (Enter response in addendum -- See page 27)
Added coding:    8 = Not Applicable (See page 27 for further definitions)
Added coding:    9 = Anxious/Distressed (See page 27 for further definitions)
Added coding:   10 = Worried/Concerned/Preoccupied/Distraught (See next page)
Added coding:   11 = Physically Disturbed (See page 27)
Added coding:   12 = Sympathy/Empathy/Compassion/Pity (See page 27)
Added coding:   13 = Numb (See page 27)
Added coding:   14 = Neutral (See page 27)
Added coding:   15 = Surprised (See page 27)
Added coding:   16 = Guilt/Shame/Ashamed/Embarrassment (See page 27)
Added coding:   17 = Excited/Intrigued/Fascinated/Curious (See page 27)
Added coding:   18 = Proud/Patriotic (Admiration, Appreciated when in context with civic
                     responses) (See page 27)
Added coding:   19 = Hopeful/Optimistic (See page 27)




                                                   25
Column 66
Heading:    “Question #7 - First Emotional Response Recalled (Rating)”

            IF CONFIDENCE VERSION:
Coding:     0     = Not stated (No rating given)
            1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Extremely”

            IF FORECASTING VERSION:
Coding:     0     = Not stated (No rating given)
            1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Perfectly”




                                             26
MORE SYNONYMS/CODING DEFINITIONS FOR PRIMARY EMOTION (Q7)

Special Note: When considering the appropriateness of a coding category, keep in mind the context in
which the response is written. For example, "hope we're not at war" might suggest
"HOPEFUL/OPTIMISTIC" as the best coding, but it's more a reflection of a reservation about the future
rather than a sense of hopefulness or optimism.

"NOT STATED" applies to those participants who did not enter any response
"NOT APPLICABLE" incorporates entries that cannot be assigned an emotional state
  (e.g. "I thought it was an accident", "Awareness")
"ANXIOUS/DISTRESSED" incorporates entries alluding to states of emotional unrest
  or restlessness (e.g. Agitation, Tension, Stress, Nervousness, Jumpiness, Traumatized,
  Panicked, Devastated, Overwhelmed, Uneasy, Troubled)
"WORRIED/CONCERNED/PREOCCUPIED/DISTRAUGHT"
"PHYSICALLY DISTURBED" incorporates entries alluding to manifestations of
  physical symptoms (e.g. Sick, Nauseous, Weak, Exhausted, Pained, Nightmares, Distracted,
  Revulsion, Shaken)
"SYMPATHY/EMPATHY/COMPASSION/PITY" (Understanding, Sorry for…)
"NUMB" constitutes its own category alluding to the more specific state of being emotionally
  paralyzed, anesthetized, dazed, dulled, shut off, empty, without feeling, desensitized, alienated,
  in Denial
"NEUTRAL" incorporates entries alluding to the lack or absence of emotional affect or
  acknowledgment, excluding "numbness" (e.g. Calm, Detached, Indifferent, Bored, Resigned,
  Not Surprised, Accepting)
"SURPRISED" will be its own category/column
"GUILT/ASHAMED/SHAME/EMBARRASSMENT/REMORSE"
"EXCITED/INTRIGUED/FASCINATED/CURIOUS" incorporates entries alluding to
  states of interest, captivation, fascination, awe, stimulation, curiosity, wonder
  (e.g. Amazed, Spellbound, Engrossed, Alert)
"PROUD/PATRIOTIC" (Admiration/Appreciation/Respect, when in context with issues relating
  to civic responses - i.e. Firefighters, Government, New Yorkers, etc.)
"HOPEFUL/OPTIMISTIC" incorporates entries such as "Prayerful", "Faithful", "Confident",
  "Reassured", "Trusting"
"OTHER" incorporates additional entries not qualifying as a new entry or other
  categories (e.g. "Skeptical", "Doubtful", "Cynical", "Love", "Happy", "Relieved", "Grateful",
  "Thankful", "Insecure", "Uncertain")
Entries of "Outraged", "Vengeful", "Hateful", "Appalled", "Disgusted", "Irritable"
  "Repulsion", "Aggression", "Indignation" become "Anger"
Entries of "Awful", "Hurt", "Terrible", "Horrible", "Regret", "Despair", "Heaviness", "Loss"
  "Heartache", "Disappointment", "Crying", "Weeping", "Grim", "Melancholy" become "Sad"
Entries of "Afraid", "Frightened", "Apprehensive", "Foreboding", "Dread", "Paranoid", "Wary",
  "Unsafe", "Suspicious" will be coded under "Fear"
Entries of "Baffled", "Didn't understand", "Perplexed", "Puzzled", "Bewildered", "Aimlessness",
  "Ambiguousness", "Conflicted", "Indecisive", "Flustered" will be coded under "Confusion"
Entries of "Impotent", "Inadequate", "Uselessness", "Worthlessness" become "Frustrated"
Entries of "Stupefied", "Incredulous", "Speechless", "Astounded", "Startled", "Aghast"
  "Dumbstruck", "Dumbfounded" "Flabbergasted" will be coded under "Shock"




                                                     27
            QUESTION #8
            "Who was the first person with whom you communicated about the attack, and how did
            he/she feel about it?"

            Overview:
            Only code for FIRST response. This question has two parts, but only one rating for
            Confidence or Forecasting. The first part contains the same coding list for Question #6;
            the second part contains the same coding list for Question #7. If the response does not
            apply to the lists shown, code as "Other" and enter it into the addendum.

Column 67
Heading:    “Question #8 – First Communication Recalled - (Content)”

Notes:      Entries alluding to boyfriend, "partner", companion becomes "Spouse/Lover"
            Unclear relationships or potential overlap of relationships = "Other"
            Entries of occasional familiarity (e.g. doorman, friend's mom) = "Acquaintance"
            Entries of consistent familiarity (e.g. teammates) = "Close Friend"
            Entries implying unfamiliarity (e.g. repairmen, crew worker) =" Stranger"
            Work-related relationships (e.g. office manager, client) = "Colleague"
            Multiple entries for any of the categories will only be coded as "1" for "Stated".
            Entries denoted "Can't remember", "Don't Know" will be coded as "Not Stated"
            "None" will be coded as "Other"
            “Fellow commuter” does not have to mean the participant knows the person, only
              that the person is on a mode of commuter transportation (e.g. subway, bus).
              Anyone else not known by participant should be classified as a “Stranger”
              (i.e. passers-by, people at a store, etc.)

Coding:      0      = Not stated
             1      = Spouse/Lover
             2      = Parent
             3      = Child
             4      = Sibling
             5      = Other Blood Relative (Enter response in addendum)
             6      = Parent In-law
             7      = Child In-law
             8      = Sibling In-law
             9      = Other In-law (Enter response in addendum)
            10      = Close Friend (when designated or suggestive of consistent familiarity")
            11      = Acquaintance (when designated / suggestive of occasional familiarity)
            12      = Colleague
            13      = Roommate
            14      = Teacher
            15      = Student
            16      = Classmate
            17      = Neighbor
            18      = Fellow Commuter
            19      = Stranger
            20      = Govt. Official (Police, Fire Dept., Govt. worker)
            21      = Medical Personnel (Doctor, Nurse, EMT)
            22      = Alone
            23      = Other (Enter response in addendum)


                                               28
Column 68
Heading:        “Question #8 – Emotional Response of Receiver Recalled (Content)”

Notes:          Only code for FIRST response.

                In addition to the synonyms and coding definitions stated below, SEE PAGE 31 for
                additional listings and coding instructions for all categories listed.

                If a response is not shown below, but is strongly associated with one of the coding
                selections, you may code for that category (e.g. "Pissed off" would constitute "Angry").
                However, please ask if you have any doubt.

                When response applies to "Other", remember to enter it into the addendum.

                If a response is not an emotion (e.g. "I took out the trash"), or is too nebulous to
                determine an emotion (e.g. “I said 'What?’"), then code as "Not Applicable". For
                instance, this latter example could mean several things: from registering shock, to
                expressing anger, to implying the participant didn’t hear what someone said.

                For the Addendum: It is not necessary to enter a long phrase or sentence; only the
                emotion itself or short phrase (e.g. “I felt pessimistic” = “Pessimistic”).

Coding:          0 = Not stated
                 1 = Angry (Include: Mad, Vengeful, Livid, Annoyed, Bitter -- See p. 31)
                 2 = Sad (Include: Dismayed, Upset, Mournful, Depressed -- See p. 31)
                 3 = Fearful (Include: Scared, Terrified, Alarmed -- See p. 31)
                 4 = Confused (Include: Disoriented, Lost, Unstable, Unsure -- See p. 31)
                 5 = Frustrated (Include: Helpless, Aggravated -- See p. 31)
                 6 = Shocked (Include: Stunned, Disbelieving, Astonished, Horrified--See p. 31
                 7 = Other (Enter response in addendum -- See p. 31)
Added coding:    8 = Not Applicable (See p. 31 for further definitions)
Added coding:    9 = Anxious/Distressed (See p. 31 for further definitions)
Added coding:   10 = Worried/Concerned/Preoccupied/Distraught (See p. 31)
Added coding:   11 = Physically Disturbed (See p. 31)
Added coding:   12 = Sympathy/Empathy/Compassion/Pity (See p. 31)
Added coding:   13 = Numb (See p. 31)
Added coding:   14 = Neutral (See p. 31)
Added coding:   15 = Surprised (See p. 31)
Added coding:   16 = Guilt/Shame/Ashamed/Embarrassment (See p. 31)
Added coding:   17 = Excited/Intrigued/Fascinated/Curious (See p. 31)
Added coding:   18 = Proud/Patriotic (Admiration, Appreciated when in context with civic
                     responses) (See p. 31)
Added coding:   19 = Hopeful/Optimistic (See p. 31)




                                                   29
Column 69
Heading:    “Question #8 – First Communication AND Emotional Response of Receiver (Rating)”

            IF CONFIDENCE VERSION:
Coding:     0     = Not stated (No rating given)
            1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Extremely”

            IF FORECASTING VERSION:
Coding:     0     = Not stated (No rating given)
            1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Perfectly”




                                             30
MORE SYNONYMS/CODING DEFINITIONS FOR RECEIVER EMOTION (Q8)

Special Note: When considering the appropriateness of a coding category, keep in mind the context in
which the response is written. For example, "hope we're not at war" might suggest
"HOPEFUL/OPTIMISTIC" as the best coding, but it's more a reflection of a reservation about the future
rather than a sense of hopefulness or optimism.

"NOT STATED" applies to those participants who did not enter any response
"NOT APPLICABLE" incorporates entries that cannot be assigned an emotional state
  (e.g. "I thought it was an accident", "Awareness")
"ANXIOUS/DISTRESSED" incorporates entries alluding to states of emotional unrest or
  restlessness (e.g. Agitation, Tension, Stress, Nervousness, Jumpiness, Traumatized, Panicked,
  Devastated, Overwhelmed, Uneasy, Troubled)
"WORRIED/CONCERNED/PREOCCUPIED/DISTRAUGHT"
"PHYSICALLY DISTURBED" incorporates entries alluding to manifestations of physical
  symptoms (e.g. Sick, Nauseous, Weak, Exhausted, Pained, Nightmares, Distracted, Revulsion,
  Shaken)
"SYMPATHY/EMPATHY/COMPASSION/PITY" (Understanding, Sorry for…)
"NUMB" constitutes its own category alluding to the more specific state of being emotionally
  paralyzed, anesthetized, dazed, dulled, shut off, empty, without feeling, desensitized, alienated,
  in Denial
"NEUTRAL" incorporates entries alluding to the lack or absence of emotional affect or
  acknowledgment, excluding "numbness" (e.g. Calm, Detached, Indifferent, Bored, Resigned,
  Not Surprised, Accepting)
"SURPRISED" will be its own category/column
"GUILT/ASHAMED/SHAME/EMBARRASSMENT/REMORSE"
"EXCITED/INTRIGUED/FASCINATED/CURIOUS" incorporates entries alluding to states of
  interest, captivation, fascination, awe, stimulation, curiosity, wonder (e.g. Amazed, Spellbound,
  Engrossed, Alert)
"PROUD/PATRIOTIC" (Admiration/Appreciation/Respect, when in context with issues relating
  to civic responses - i.e. Firefighters, Government, New Yorkers, etc.)
"HOPEFUL/OPTIMISTIC" incorporates entries such as "Prayerful", "Faithful", "Confident",
  "Reassured", "Trusting"
"OTHER" incorporates additional entries not qualifying as a new entry or other categories (e.g.
  "Skeptical", "Doubtful", "Cynical", "Love", "Happy", "Relieved", "Grateful", "Thankful",
  "Insecure", "Uncertain")
Entries of "Outraged", "Vengeful", "Hateful", "Appalled", "Disgusted", "Irritable", "Repulsion",
  "Agression", "Indignation" become "Anger"
Entries of "Awful", "Hurt", "Terrible", "Horrible", "Regret", "Despair", "Heaviness", "Loss",
  "Heartache", "Disappointment", "Crying", "Weeping", "Grim", "Melancholy" become "Sad"
Entries of "Afraid", "Frightened", "Apprehensive", "Foreboding", "Dread", "Paranoid", "Wary",
  "Unsafe", "Suspicious", will be coded under "Fear"
Entries of "Baffled", "Didn't understand", "Perplexed", "Puzzled", "Bewildered", "Aimlessness",
  "Ambiguousness", "Conflicted", "Indecisive", "Flustered" will be coded under "Confusion"
Entries of "Impotent", "Inadequate", "Uselessness", "Worthlessness" become "Frustrated"
Entries of "Stupefied", "Incredulous", "Speechless", "Astounded", "Startled", "Aghast"
  "Dumbstruck", "Dumbfounded" "Flabbergasted" will be coded under "Shock"




                                                     31
             QUESTION #9
             "What were you doing immediately before you became aware of the attack?"

             Overview:
             The selections below are similar (but not exact) to Question #5 -“”What were you doing”.
Column 70
Heading:     “Question #9 – Prior Activity Recalled (Content)”

Notes:       If more than one activity is mentioned, only code for the MAIN ACTIVITY stated
             THAT IMMEDIATELY PRECEDED AWARENESS.

             Traveling (unspecified and not connected to a chore/errand, to transit
              commuting or to walking to/from work/school) becomes "Traveling - General"
             Category "Running Errands/Doing Chores" will NOT include "Traveling
              (unspecified)"
             Walking as exercise (i.e. constitutional) becomes "Recreationally Engaged"
             Break between classes or on break at work becomes "Leisure Activities"
             Being in class, Waiting for class to begin, for professor, or Studying = "Working"
             Having conversation in person constitutes "Communicating"
             Any outside appointment not work-related constitutes "Running Errands…"
             Entries denoting "Not sure", "Don't recall", etc. constitute "Not Stated"
             Entries alluding to "prayer" or church-going constitute "Leisure Activities"
             Entries alluding to dining other than breakfast constitute "Leisure Activities"

Coding:       0      = Not stated
              1      = Awaking (Sleeping, Waking up, Getting out of bed)
              2      = Preparing for the day (Showering, Shaving, Dressing, Eating breakfast)
              3      = Running errands/Doing Chores (Buying Groceries, Going to the
                       Post Office, Walking or Feeding pets, Fixing up house or apt., Voting)
              4      = Commuting (Train, Subway, Car, Airplane)
              5      = Communicating (On Phone, On Internet, On Email, In person)
              6      = Working (Office or Home)
              7      = Recreationally engaged (Playing sports or games, Doing hobbies,
                       Exercising)
              8      = Leisure Activities (Resting or Napping, Looking out the window,
                       Pleasure reading, Reading newspaper, Watching TV (not news), Listening to
                       music on radio/stereo, Surfing the Internet (not news))
               9     = Live Information Gathering (News on TV/radio/Internet)
              10     = Other (Enter response in addendum)
Added coding: 11     = Traveling - General

Column 71
Heading:     “Question #9 – Prior Activity Recalled (Rating)”

             IF CONFIDENCE VERSION:
Coding:      0     = Not stated (No rating given)
             1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Extremely”

             IF FORECASTING VERSION:
Coding:      0     = Not stated (No rating given)
             1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Perfectly”


                                                32
            QUESTION #10
            "What did you do immediately after you became aware of the attack?"


NOTE:       If more than one activity is mentioned, only code for the MAIN ACTIVITY stated
            THAT IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWED AWARENESS.


Column 72
Heading:    “Question #10 – Post Activity Recalled (Content)”

Notes:      Only code for FIRST response.

            Entries related to going to church, praying constitute "Sought Help"
            Entries related to going home or in transit (unspecified) remains as "Other"
            Entries stated as "Nothing" constitute "Other"
            Entries stated as "Don't remember" constitute "Not Stated"

Coding:      0      = Not stated
             1      = Emoted (Include: Cried, Yelled, Screamed, Shouted)
             2      = Physically responded (Include: Collapsed, Sat, Jumped, Stood,
                      Paced, Ran)
             3      = Followed news (Include: TV, Radio, Internet, Videotaped the news)
             4      = Went to eyewitness (Include: from window, from street)
             5      = Phone call communication
             6      = Communicated (via Email/IM/Phone/In person w/people already there)
             7      = Joined other people
             8      = Took photographs/Video/Went to get camera
             9      = Wrote
            10      = Sought Help
            11      = Helped Others
            12      = Continued on as usual
            13      = Other (Enter response in addendum)


Column 73
Heading:    “Question #10 – Post Activity Recalled (Rating)”

            IF CONFIDENCE VERSION:
Coding:     0     = Not stated (No rating given)
            1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Extremely”

            IF FORECASTING VERSION:
Coding:     0     = Not stated (No rating given)
            1 – 5 = From “Not at all” – “Perfectly”




                                               33
             QUESTIONS #13 - #18
             "We'd like you to tell us what you remember about your FEELINGS CONCERNING
             THE ATTACK IN THE TWO WEEKS FOLLOWING THE ATTACK. Please
             indicate your response by marking the appropriate point on the scales provided. Note
             that you may indicate partial numbers (e.g. 3.5)."

             Overview:
             The coding for these emotional response columns (Columns 74-79) is provided in the
             survey itself, on a straightforward rating scale.

             The emotions are as follows:            Column #                 Question #
             Sadness                                 Column 74                Question #13
             Anger                                   Column 75                Question #14
             Fear                                    Column 76                Question #15
             Confusion                               Column 77                Question #16
             Frustration                             Column 78                Question #17
             Shock                                   Column 79                Question #18

Notes:       As stated in the question shown above, this section (Questions #13-#18) addresses
             these emotions as they pertain to PRIOR feelings within the time period of up to two
             weeks following the attack.

             If no rating is given for any of these emotions, and if Question #19 "Other Prior
             Emotions" states that particular emotion(s) or one of the synonyms provided, then you
             may code the rating appropriately in the initial column(s):

             Example: "Anger" was not rated. However, "Outraged" was written in "Other Prior
             Emotions (Two Weeks Following Attack)" and given a rating of "4". In this case, enter
             the rating of "4" in the column for "Anger".


Column 74
Heading:     "Question #13 – Sadness (Prior)”

             This may include: Dismayed, Upset, Mournful, Depressed, Awful, Hurt, Terrible,
                               Horrible, Regret, Despair, Heaviness, Loss, Heartache,
                               Disappointment, Crying, Weeping, Grim, Melancholy
                               (if stated in Question #19 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0     = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5   = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6     = Category Omitted from Survey




                                                34
Column 75
Heading:     "Question #14 – Anger (Prior)”

             This may include: Mad, Vengeful, Livid, Annoyed, Bitter, Outraged, Vengeful,
                               Hateful, Appalled, Disgusted, Irritable, Repulsion, Aggression,
                               Indignation)
                               (if stated in Question #19 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey



Column 76
Heading:     "Question #15 – Fear (Prior)”

             This may include: Scared, Terrified, Alarmed, Afraid, Frightened, Wary, Suspicious,
                              Apprehensive, Foreboding, Dread, Paranoid, Unsafe,
                              (if stated in Question #19 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey



Column 77
Heading:     "Question #16 – Confusion (Prior)”

             This may include: Disoriented, Lost, Unstable, Unsure, Baffled, Didn't understand,
                               Perplexed, Puzzled, Bewildered, Ambiguousness, Aimlessness,
                               Conflicted, Indecisive, Flustered
                               (if stated in Question #19 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey




                                                35
Column 78
Heading:     "Question #17 – Frustration (Prior)”

             This may include: Helpless, Aggravated, Impotent, Inadequate, Uselessness,
                              Worthlessness
                              (if stated in Question #19 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey



Column 79
Heading:     "Question #18 – Shock (Prior)”

             This may include: Stunned, Disbelieving, Astonished, Horrified, Stupefied,
                               Incredulous, Speechless, Astounded, Startled, Aghast,
                               Dumbstruck, Dumbfounded, Flabbergasted
                               (if stated in Question #19 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey




                                                36
         QUESTION #19
         "In the two weeks after the attack, what other emotions did you experience relative to the
         attack? List and rate their intensity:”

         Overview:
         This question may contain a variety of responses. Originally, these additional emotion
         entries were put into an addendum list with a notation of the intensity rating (from 0 – 5;
         “0” = No rating listed) in a separate column. They have been subsequently re-coded so
         as to be included in the main coding matrix. New categories were created for response s
         that demonstrated single or grouped listings with close to or more than 50 entries for any
         ONE or more of the questions pertaining to emotions -- Q7, Q8b, Q19, and Q36.


Notes:   IMPORTANT: Record coding for all entries, not just the first response.

         The columns listed below (Columns 80-105) were added to the coding matrix beyond the
         6 emotions already provided on the survey. The original 6 emotions were Angry, Sad,
         Fearful, Confused, Frustrated, and Shocked. If a participant added a response for "Other
         Prior Emotions" that could be considered as one of these six original emotions, and if the
         participant already entered a rating for that particular original emotion, then the added
         listing will be ignored. If, however, the participant did not give a rating for an original
         emotion and if one of the "Other" listings states that emotion or one of the synonyms
         provided, then the appropriate original/initial category will be coded from the listing
         given in "Other Prior Emotions (Two Weeks Following Attack)".

         Of course, if a listing is one that does not fall within one of the original 6 emotions, but
         falls ONLY within the coding definitions for the additional category columns listed
         below, then it will be coded for that new column. The coding for these "Other Prior
         Emotions" columns will be "0" for "Not Stated" or "1" for "Stated". "Stated" will only
         receive a coding of "1", regardless of how many listings in "Other Prior Emotions" apply
         to that column.

         Rating Columns:
         There will also be a column for intensity rating alongside each column listed below under
         "New columns". The rating scale will go from 0 - 5. "0" = No rating or a rating of "0".
         Ratings of 1 -5 range from "1" = "Very Little" to "5" = "Very High". If a participant rates
         a listing with a number higher than 5, the coding will be "5". Ratings should be rounded
         off to the nearest quarter-fraction (i.e. 3.25, 3.5, 3.75, 4, etc.).

         Where multiple entries apply to the same column, the rating will be the AVERAGE of
         the applicable ratings given. Of course, when only one entry applies to one category, the
         single applicable rating for that entry is appropriate.

         For the category "Other", the rating instructions remain the same as far as the main
         coding grid. However, in the addendum, list each applicable entry separately, and then
         rate separately each listing as it is stated in the survey, in the adjacent column provided in
         the addendum worksheet.

         SEE NEXT PAGE FOR COLUMNS




                                              37
The following ORIGINAL emotions will not have columns within this section.
However, the coding definitions below are included to help assist in knowing if the
response applies as one of the original 6 emotions or as one of the inclusive synonyms. If
that were the case, simply check to make sure the original column was rated by the
participant. If yes, then do not code for the response and leave the initial rating as is. If
no, then record the rating from the new entry (or the average rating, if more than one new
entry applies to that category).

Not stated      (When no response AT ALL is given)
Angry           (Include: Mad, Vengeful, Livid, Annoyed, Bitter Outraged,
                Vengeful, Hateful, Appalled, Disgusted, Irritable, Repulsion,
                Aggression, Indignation)
Sad             (Include: Dismayed, Upset, Mournful, Depressed, Awful, Hurt,
                Terrible, Horrible, Regret, Despair, Heaviness, Loss, Heartache,
                Disappointment, Crying, Weeping, Grim, Melancholy)
Fearful         (Include: Scared, Terrified, Alarmed, Afraid, Frightened, Wary,
                Apprehensive, Foreboding, Dread, Paranoid, Unsafe, Suspicious)
Confused        (Include: Disoriented, Lost, Unstable, Unsure, Baffled, Didn't
                understand, Perplexed, Puzzled, Bewildered, Ambiguousness,
                Aimlessness, Conflicted, Indecisive, Flustered)
Frustrated      (Include: Helpless, Aggravated, Impotent, Inadequate,
                Uselessness, Worthlessness)
Shocked         (Include: Stunned, Disbelieving, Astonished, Horrified,
                Stupefied, Incredulous, Speechless, Astounded, Startled, Aghast,
                Dumbstruck, Dumbfounded, Flabbergasted)

If a response is strongly associated with one of the coding selections, but not listed above,
you may code for that category (e.g. "Pissed off" would constitute "Angry"). However,
please ask if you have any doubt.

The following additional columns were established for this question:

Not Applicable
Anxious/Distressed
Worried/Concerned/Preoccupied/Distraught
Physically Disturbed
Sympathy/Empathy/Compassion/Pity
Numb
Neutral
Surprised
Guilt/Shame/Ashamed/Embarrassment/Remorse
Excited/Intrigued/Fascinated/Curious
Proud/Patriotic (Admiration, Appreciation/Respect, in context w/civic responses)
Hopeful/Optimistic
Other (Enter response(s) in addendum. As in original coding, this applies to
      listings that remain in the addendum. (They DO NOT APPLY to the
      original 6 emotions OR to those above)
      For "Other": Include, in parentheses, the total # of addendum entries for
      this question, per participant, alongside each addendum entry.

SEE NEXT SIX PAGES FOR MORE COLUMNS, CODING, & DEFINITIONS


                                    38
MORE SYNONYMS/CODING DEFINITIONS FOR OTHER EMOTIONS (Q19)

Special Note: When considering the appropriateness of a coding category, keep in mind the context in
which the response is written. For example, "hope we're not at war" might suggest
"HOPEFUL/OPTIMISTIC" as the best coding, but it's more a reflection of a reservation about the future
rather than a sense of hopefulness or optimism.

"NOT STATED" applies to those participants who did not enter any response
"NOT APPLICABLE" incorporates entries that cannot be assigned an emotional state
  (e.g. "I thought it was an accident", "Awareness")
"ANXIOUS/DISTRESSED" incorporates entries alluding to states of emotional unrest or
  restlessness (e.g. Agitation, Tension, Stress, Nervousness, Jumpiness, Traumatized, Panicked,
  Devastated, Overwhelmed, Uneasy, Troubled)
"WORRIED/CONCERNED/PREOCCUPIED/DISTRAUGHT"
"PHYSICALLY DISTURBED" incorporates entries alluding to manifestations of physical
  symptoms (e.g. Sick, Nauseous, Weak, Exhausted, Pained, Nightmares, Distracted, Revulsion,
  Shaken)
"SYMPATHY/EMPATHY/COMPASSION/PITY" (Understanding, Sorry for…)
"NUMB" constitutes its own category alluding to the more specific state of being emotionally
  paralyzed, anesthetized, dazed, dulled, shut off, empty, without feeling, desensitized, alienated,
  in Denial
"NEUTRAL" incorporates entries alluding to the lack or absence of emotional affect or
  acknowledgment, excluding "numbness" (e.g. Calm, Detached, Indifferent, Bored, Resigned,
  Not Surprised, Accepting)
"SURPRISED" will be its own category/column
"GUILT/ASHAMED/SHAME/EMBARRASSMENT/REMORSE"
"EXCITED/INTRIGUED/FASCINATED/CURIOUS" incorporates entries alluding to states of
  interest, captivation, fascination, awe, stimulation, curiosity, wonder (e.g. Amazed, Spellbound,
  Engrossed, Alert)
"PROUD/PATRIOTIC" (Admiration/Appreciation/Respect, when in context with issues relating
  to civic responses - i.e. Firefighters, Government, New Yorkers, etc.)
"HOPEFUL/OPTIMISTIC" incorporates entries such as "Prayerful", "Faithful", "Confident",
  "Reassured", "Trusting"
"OTHER" incorporates additional entries not qualifying as a new entry or other categories (e.g.
  "Skeptical", "Doubtful", "Cynical", "Love", "Happy", "Relieved", "Grateful", "Thankful",
  "Insecure", "Uncertain")
Entries of "Outraged", "Vengeful", "Hateful", "Appalled", "Disgusted", "Irritable", "Repulsion",
  "Agression", "Indignation" become "Anger"
Entries of "Awful", "Hurt", "Terrible", "Horrible", "Regret", "Despair", "Heaviness", "Loss",
  "Heartache", "Disappointment", "Crying", "Weeping", "Grim", "Melancholy" become "Sad"
Entries of "Afraid", "Frightened", "Apprehensive", "Foreboding", "Dread", "Paranoid", "Wary",
  "Unsafe", "Suspicious", will be coded under "Fear"
Entries of "Baffled", "Didn't understand", "Perplexed", "Puzzled", "Bewildered", "Aimlessness",
  "Ambiguousness", "Conflicted", "Indecisive", "Flustered" will be coded under "Confusion"
Entries of "Impotent", "Inadequate", "Uselessness", "Worthlessness" become "Frustrated"
Entries of "Stupefied", "Incredulous", "Speechless", "Astounded", "Startled", "Aghast"
  "Dumbstruck", "Dumbfounded" "Flabbergasted" will be coded under "Shock"




                                                     39
Column 80
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Not Applicable)"

Coding:     This column incorporates entries that cannot be assigned an emotional state
            (e.g. "I thought it was an accident", "Awareness")

            0 = Not Applicable for this column
            1 = Applicable for this column

Column 81
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Not Applicable) - Rating"

Coding:     0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
            1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

            Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 82
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Anxious/Distressed)"

Coding:     This column incorporates entries alluding to states of emotional unrest or
            restlessness (e.g. Agitation, Tension, Stress, Nervousness, Jumpiness,
            Traumatized, Panicked, Devastated, Overwhelmed, Uneasy, Troubled)

            0 = Not Applicable for this column
            1 = Applicable for this column

Column 83
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Anxious/Distressed) - Rating"

Coding:     0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
            1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

            Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 84
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Worried/Concerned/Preoccupied/
            Distraught)"

Coding:     This column incorporates primarily those adjectives stated

            0 = Not Applicable for this column
            1 = Applicable for this column
Column 85
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Worried/Concerned/Preoccupied/
            Distraught) - Rating"

Coding:     0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
            1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

            Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies


                                                 40
Column 86
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Physically Disturbed)"

Coding:     This column incorporates entries alluding to manifestations of physical
            symptoms (e.g. Sick, Nauseous, Weak, Exhausted, Pained, Nightmares,
            Distractedness, Revulsion, Shaken)

            0 = Not Applicable for this column
            1 = Applicable for this column

Column 87
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Physically Disturbed) - Rating"

Coding:     0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
            1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

            Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 88
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Sympathy/Empathy/Compassion/Pity)"

Coding:     This column alludes to adjectives stated, plus "Understanding", "Sorry for", etc.

            0 = Not Applicable for this column
            1 = Applicable for this column

Column 89
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Sympathy/Empathy/Compassion/Pity) - Rating"

Coding:     0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
            1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

            Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 90
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Numb)"

Coding:     This column incorporates states of being emotionally paralyzed, anesthetized,
            dazed, dulled, shut off, empty, without feeling. desensitized, alienated, in denial

            0 = Not Applicable for this column
            1 = Applicable for this column

Column 91
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Numb) - Rating"

Coding:     0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
            1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

            Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies



                                                 41
Column 92
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Neutral)"

Coding:     This column incorporates entries alluding to the lack or absence of emotional
            affect or acknowledgment, excluding "numbness"
            (e.g. Calm, Detached, Indifferent, Bored, Not Surprised, Resigned, Accepting)

            0 = Not Applicable for this column
            1 = Applicable for this column

Column 93
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Neutral) - Rating"

Coding:     0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
            1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

            Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 94
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Surprised)"

Coding:     This column incorporates this adjective specifically

            0 = Not Applicable for this column
            1 = Applicable for this column

Column 95
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Surprised) - Rating"

Coding:     0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
            1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

            Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 96
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Guilt/Ashamed/Shame/
            Embarrassment/Remorse)"

Coding:     This column incorporates primarily those adjectives stated

            0 = Not Applicable for this column
            1 = Applicable for this column

Column 97
Heading:    "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Guilt/Ashamed/Shame/
            Embarrassment/Remorse) - Rating"

Coding:     0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
            1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

            Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies


                                                 42
Column 98
Heading:     "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Excited/Intrigued/Fascinated/Curious)"

Coding:      This column incorporates entries alluding to states of interest, captivation, awe,
             stimulation, curiosity, wonder (e.g. Amazed, Spellbound, Engrossed, Alert)

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 99
Heading:     "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Excited/Intrigued/Fascinated/Curious) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 100
Heading:     "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Proud/Patriotic)"

Coding:      This column incorporates Admiration/Appreciation/Respect, in context with
             issues relating to civic responses (i.e. Firefighters, Govt., New Yorkers, etc.)

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 101
Heading:     "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Proud/Patriotic) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 102
Heading:     "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Hopeful/Optimistic)"

Coding:      This column incorporates entries such as "Prayerful", "Faithful", "Confident",
             "Reassured", "Trusting"

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 103
Heading:     "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Hopeful/Optimistic) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies



                                                  43
Column 104
Heading:     "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Other)"

Coding:      This column incorporates additional entries not qualifying as either a new entry
             or as one of the six categories originally listed (e.g. "Skeptical", "Doubtful",
             "Cynical", "Love", "Happy", "Relieved", "Grateful", "Thankful", "Insecure",
             "Uncertain")

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

             List each entry in the addendum separately and code each rating in the adjacent
             addendum column.

Column 105
Heading:     "Question #19 - Other Prior Emotions (Other) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies (this applies to the main
             coding grid rating. For the addendum rating, see note above).




                                                  44
             QUESTIONS #20 & #21
             “In the two weeks following the attack, how closely did you follow the media coverage?”

             “In the two weeks following the attack, how much did you talk about the attack?"

             Overview:
             These two questions, like Questions #13-#18, are very straightforward both in targeting a
             specific response and in providing a coding system as part of the questions themselves.
             The rating is on a scale of 1-5, “0” = No rating listed. Ratings may be entered as
             fractional (e.g. “3.5”).


Column 106
Heading:     “Question #20 – Media Attention (Two Weeks Following Attack)”

Coding:      0       = Not stated (No rating given)
             1–5     = Degree of attention (1 = Very Little and 5 = Very Much)


Column 107
Heading:     “Question #21 – Ensuing Conversation (Two Weeks Following Attack)”

Coding:      0       = Not stated (No rating given)
             1–5     = Degree of conversation (1 = Very Little and 5 = Very Much)




             QUESTION #22
             “How many airplanes were involved in the attack?”

             Overview:
             This is another very direct question with a targeted specific response. Since the response
             will be numerical, the coding will be the actual entry given.


Column 108
Heading:     “Question #22 - # of Airplanes”

Coding:      Enter numerical response, if given.

             0 = Not stated, Not applicable, or Unknown




                                                   45
              QUESTION #23
              “What airline or airlines had planes hijacked? How many from each airline?

              Overview:
              This question has two parts; however, the parts are combined. Each column will
              designate the Airline (Columns 109-115). The # of planes, if given for that airline, will
              be entered in the corresponding row. An addendum list corresponding to the column
              “Other” will keep track of any airline responses besides those listed. “Not Stated” ”
              (meaning that the participant did not provide any response to the question) will be
              deduced from a “0” entry in all columns.

Notes:        If airline is stated, but no specified # of planes for that airline is given, then “9” is
              entered. Conversely, any entries in which the participant stated a number of planes, but
              was unsure of or did not know the airlines involved will be entered in an additional
              column (Column 116), “# of Planes Without Airline Specification”.

              Examples:
              “I think 4 airplanes were involved – American and United”. Enter “9” under the columns
              for “American” and “United”.
              “I think 4 airplanes were involved, but don't know which airlines.” Enter “4” under “# of
              planes without airline specification”.

              Entries stated as Unknown, flights with only flight #s, or airplane type
               (i.e. Boeing) = "Not Stated"

              Airlines other than those for which there are columns become "Other"
               (Remember to include, in parentheses, the total # of addendum entries for this
               question, per participant, alongside each addendum entry.)


              Airline choices are:
              American
              United
              Delta
              Continental
              USAir
              TWA
              Other (Enter response(s) in addendum) See Special Coding on Next Page


Column 109-114
Heading:     “Question #23 – Airlines (American/United/Delta/Continental/US Air/TWA)”

Coding:       Enter numerical response, if given, in the appropriate airline column(s).
              0 = Not stated (No response given) or Not applicable
              9 = Airline mentioned, but with no specified number




                                                  46
Column 115
Heading:     “Question #23 – Airlines (Other)”

Coding:      Enter applicable numerical response, if given, in the main coding worksheet.
             0 = Not stated ("Other" is not applicable)
             9 = Only one airline mentioned with no specified number

             If more than one airline applies to this category, include the appropriate numerical entry
             as the sum of the numbers given. Again, only use "9" when one airline is mentioned
             that applies to this category and which does not include the # of planes specified.

             If more than one airline applies and only one airline has a number, again add the sum,
             using "0" for the one without a number:

             Example:
             The participant stated "Southwest - 3" and "Air France - 0". Enter "3" in the main coding
             worksheet and enter each airline in the addendum, using two separate rows for that
             participant (be sure to repeat ID coding in the first two addendum columns). In each of
             the rows you will list the separate airline along with the total number of addendum entries
             for this participant, in this question. Since there are two addendum entries, enter
             "Southwest (2)" and "Air France (2)". In a subsequent adjacent addendum column, enter
             the separate numerical entries given for each airline. In this case, for "Southwest" the
             adjacent cell will read "3", for "Air France", "0".



Column 116
Heading:     “Question #23 - # of Planes Without Airline Specification”

Coding:      Enter # of planes to which this category applies
             0 = Not Applicable




                                                 47
         QUESTION #24
         “For each airplane, what was their intended route (departure, arrival)?”

         Overview:
         This question targets the recall between each airplane and departure/arrival information.

         As a check test for responses, the following is the actual information for each airline:

         American Flight #11        Departure: Boston           Arrival: Los Angeles
         United Flight #175         Departure: Boston           Arrival: Los Angeles
         American Flight #77        Departure: Wash, DC         Arrival: Los Angeles
         United Flight #93:         Departure: Newark           Arrival: San Francisco

         Since it is possible that participants will neglect to denote the specific flight #s and/or the
         airlines, flights will be designated simply as “1”, “2”, “3”, and “4”, and entered into the
         coding in the order recorded on the survey.

         There will be 12 columns for this question (Columns 117-128), in groupings of three per
         each flight. The first column denotes if the airline is stated and, if so, which one. The
         second column within each grouping denotes the departure location. The third column
         within each grouping denotes the arrival location (see next page for visual display).


Notes:   Entries of "New Jersey" become "Newark"
         In Departure and Arrival categories, entries combining two of the established
           categories (i.e. NYC & DC) become "Other"
         Entries combining LA &/or SF become "California"
         Entries combining LA &/or SF with West Coast become "West Coast"
         San Diego or other California cities other than LA or SF become "Other"
         Texas (with or without inclusion of LA &/or SF &/or West Coast) becomes
           "Other"
         Entries alluding to crash sites as the intended route (e.g. WTC) becomes "Other"
         Logan Airport = Boston             Dulles or Reagan Airport = Washington, DC
         Only mark as “Not Stated or Unknown” in appropriate columns when either no
           response is given or if the participant states “I don’t know”, “No clue”, etc.
         When multiple routes are listed in random placement within the space provided,
           go down first, and then across. (Exception may be when the routes stated
           demonstrate accuracy but were placed across rather than down.)

         Example 1:               Boston - LA               DC - LA
                                  Boston - LA               Newark - SF
         Code Down First          Code as Rte 1:    Boston - LA
                                  Code as Rte 2:    Boston - LA
                                  Code as Rte 3:    DC - LA
                                  Code as Rte 4:    Newark - SF

         Example 2:               Boston - LA              Boston - LA
                                  DC - LA                  Newark - SF
         Code Across First        (since accuracy is shown, but the order is placed across)
                                  Again, if accuracy is not shown, then code down first.



                                              48
The 12 columns for this question, in groupings of three per each flight, are arranged as
follows:

Flight 1 (Airline)
Flight 1 (Departure)
Flight 1 (Arrival)

Flight 2 (Airline)
Flight 2 (Departure)
Flight 2 (Arrival)

Flight 3 (Airline)
Flight 3 (Departure)
Flight 3 (Arrival)

Flight 4 (Airline)
Flight 4 (Departure)
Flight 4 (Arrival)


SEE NEXT PAGE FOR CODING




                                  49
AIRLINE Columns (117, 120, 123, 126)
Heading:    "Question #24 - Routes (Flt. #1/Flt. #2/Flt. #3/Flt. #4) - Airline"

Coding:        0 = Not stated or Unknown
               1 = American
               2 = United
               3 = Delta
               4 = Continental
               5 = USAir
               6 = TWA
               7 = Other (Enter response in addendum)


DEPARTURE Columns (118, 121, 124, 127)
Heading:  "Question #24 - Routes (Flt. #1/Flt. #2/Flt. #3/Flt. #4) - Departure"

Coding:        0 = Not stated or Unknown
               1 = Boston
               2 = New York City
               3 = Newark
               4 = Los Angeles
               5 = San Francisco
               6 = Washington, DC
               7 = Philadelphia
               8 = Pittsburgh
               9 = Other (Enter response in addendum)
Added coding: 10 = California
Added coding: 11 = West Coast


ARRIVAL Columns (119, 122, 125, 128)
Heading:   "Question #24 - Routes (Flt. #1/Flt. #2/Flt. #3/Flt. #4) - Arrival"

Coding:        0 = Not stated or Unknown
               1 = Boston
               2 = New York City
               3 = Newark
               4 = Los Angeles
               5 = San Francisco
               6 = Washington, DC
               7 = Philadelphia
               8 = Pittsburgh
               9 = Other (Enter response in addendum)
Added coding: 10 = California
Added coding: 11 = West Coast




                                                  50
               QUESTION #25
               “In the vicinity of which cities did the airplanes end up?”

               Overview:
               In this question, the main target is the recall of the crash sites. Since the participants may
               identify more than one site, each column will designate a particular city or state location
               (Columns 129-138). In addition, since participants may or may not specify how many
               planes per city, the coding will identify if & how many planes were mentioned for that
               site. An entry of “0” for all columns means the question was unanswered.

Notes:         Remember that any city not accompanied by the number of planes would be
                coded as "4" (“Stated with no # of flights specified”). The only exception to
                this may be when someone lists the same city more than once to indicate one
                response per plane:

                       NYC      NYC     Wash, DC          PA

                 In this example, since NYC was listed twice, the participant accounted for the
                 (2) planes that crashed in NYC. Therefore, you could infer that the participant
                 was responding by specific number.

               Entries combining "Pittsburgh &/or Philadelphia" become "Pennsylvania"

               Any town or city in Pennsylvania other than Pittsburgh or Philadelphia
                (which have their own columns), enter as “Pennsylvania”.

               The columns for locations are as follows:
               Boston
               New York City
               Newark
               Los Angeles
               San Francisco
               Washington, DC
               Philadelphia
               Pittsburgh
               Pennsylvania
               Other (Enter response(s) in addendum After entering applicable response(s) in
                     addendum, combine coding so as to enter a single appropriate coding (1-4),
                     as shown below, in the main coding grid.)

Columns 129-138
Heading:     "Question #25 - Airplane Crash Site (Various locations from list above)"

Coding:        0 = Not stated (Participant did not enter that particular city in the response)
               1 = Stated as 1 flight
               2 = Stated as 2 flights
               3 = Stated as more than 2 flights
               4 = Stated with no # of flights specified




                                                    51
             QUESTION #26
             “Where was President Bush when the attack occurred?”

             Overview:
             It is possible that the responses will be in the form of geographic location, such as a state
             or city, and/or in the form of a specific locale, such as a school, place of business, etc.
             For this reason, there will be two columns, one for some of the most probable states and
             cities, and one for the most probable locales.

Column 139
Heading:     “Question #26 – President Bush Location (State or City)

Notes:       President Bush Location (State or City)
             Entries that combine an already listed category and one that is not listed become
               the category already listed (i.e. "Florida & Louisiana" becomes "Florida")
             Entries of "Visiting Jeb" [usually listed in the "Specific Site" column] become
               "Florida" in the "State/City" column. NOTE: this also would be entered in
                "Specific Site" as "Other"
             "Hiding", "All over" becomes "Other" IN SPECIFIC SITE
             Entries that state where he was NOT (i.e. "Not in DC") become "Other"
             Entries combining multiple listings from those already provided become "Other"
               (unless the entry demonstrates where he was first (i.e. "Florida to D.C")
             "Don't know", "Don't remember", "Who Cares", etc. becomes "Not Stated"
             Include any Florida city or town (e.g. Sarasota) in the selection for “Florida”.

Coding:      0       = Not stated or Unknown
             1       = Florida
             2       = New York City
             3       = Washington, DC
             4       = Texas
             5       = California
             6       = Boston
             7       = Nebraska
             8       = Other (Enter response in addendum)




                                                 52
Column 140
Heading:     “Question #26 – President Bush Location (Specific Site)”

Notes:       President Bush Location (Specific Site)
             "Education Seminar/Conference" becomes "Other"
             "Visiting Jeb" becomes "Other" [also in "State or City", where it becomes
               "Florida"]
             "Hiding", "Away", "Vacation" becomes "Other"
             Entries alluding to being in flight or en route become "Air Force One"
             Entries alluding to children or kids become "School - General" (unless specifying
               level of school, such as elementary, which then becomes "Elementary School")
             Entries stating where he was NOT (i.e. "Not in White House") become "Other"
             "Summer home" becomes "Ranch in Texas"
             Reference to any country or location outside U.S. becomes "Overseas/In Other
               Country"

Coding:      0       = Not stated or Unknown
             1       = Elementary School
             2       = High School
             3       = University
             4       = School - General
             5       = White House
             6       = Capitol Hill
             7       = Pentagon
             8       = Camp David
             9       = Ranch in Texas
             10      = Air Force One
             11      = Military Base
             12      = Overseas/In Other Country
             13      = Other (Enter response in addendum)




                                                53
             QUESTION #27
             “When you first became aware of the attack, what did you think was going on?”

             Overview:
             Since this question targets one specific response, the list below is arranged into a single
             column with assigned numerical coding for each selection.


Notes:       Make sure to code for FIRST perception of event, not necessarily the event as being the
             cause of a terrorist attack.

             Entries alluding to an attack without specifying its nature become "Attack -
               General"
             "Suicide", "Chaos", "Apocalypse", "End of the world" becomes "Other"
             Entries alluding to the event as "a joke", "unreal", or "movie-like" become
               "Something Unreal"
             Entries alluding to uncertainty, confusion, or not supplying enough information
               to warrant a category become "Not Stated" (However, if qualified as a
               transitional phase of thought, then okay to code for the other entry -- e.g. I had
               no idea -- I figured it to be a bomb explosion). This could be coded as "Bomb
               Explosion".
             Entries alluding to "war", "invasion" or implying foreign nation attack become
               "Foreign Invasion/War"
             If participant states explosion, but does not state specifically as a “bomb”
               explosion, then enter in “Other explosion”. Similarly, for any response that
               includes accident, but does not specify the words “airline, airplane, or traffic”
               then enter as “Accident – General”.

Column 141
Heading:     “Question #27 – First Perception”

Coding:        0     = Not stated or unknown
               1     = Terrorist attack
               2     = Plane accident
               3     = Traffic accident
               4     = Accident - General
               5     = Bomb explosion
               6     = Other explosion
               7     = Water-main break
               8     = Building on fire
               9     = The building you were in had a problem/explosion/fire
              10     = Construction noise
              11     = Other (Enter response in addendum)
Added coding: 12     = Attack - General
Added coding: 13     = Foreign Invasion / War
Added coding: 14     = Something Unreal




                                                  54
         QUESTION #28
         “Please list the important events that occurred in the attack.”

         Overview:
         Since a variety of combinations may be entered by the participant, the coding scheme
         will provide each listing with its own column (Columns 142-159), thereby requiring only
         a “0” or “1” when that particular entry is noted, regardless of how many entries apply to
         that column. The list below comprises the primary events of the attack that correspond to
         the survey list from Question #29, PLUS those that had approximately 50 or more entries
         from the addendum. Responses not applicable to those categories/columns listed will be
         coded under “Other” and all appropriate entries will be added to an addendum list.

         An additional column (Column 160) is used to provide a total tally of events.


Notes:   As with the original category columns for this question, the categories below will
          have their own respective columns, with a coding of either "0" (Not Stated) or
          "1" (Stated). "1" (Stated) is coded when there is an applicable listing, regardless
          of how many variations of that listing are included in the response. For
          example, "Bush flew from Florida to Louisiana" is combined with "Bush flew
          from Louisiana to Nebraska". Although there are two entries applicable to
          "Bush in Transit", only a "1" is coded.
         HIJACKINGS: When in conjunction with the WTC towers, Pentagon, PA
          crash, &/or references to attack on symbols (e.g"3 renowned buildings
          attacked") will be coded into the appropriate original columns identifying "hits"
          &/or "collapses" for these buildings. In other words, any references that
          indicate an awareness of the hijacked plane in connection with its target, crash
          site, or timeframe, will be re-coded back into the appropriate original columns
          in the main grid, since the original wording of the first six columns is based on
          the phrases from Q29 -- "A hijacked plane crashed outside of Pittsburgh", "The
          Pentagon was hit by a hijacked plane", etc.
         However, if hijackings are mentioned as a general item, code under "Hijackings"
          (e.g. "Hijackings with knives", "Terrorists on planes", "Hijacked planes")
         NOT APPLICABLE: Entries that neither define an event, nor apply to the
          timeframe within which the attacks occurred, will be coded as "Not
          Applicable" (e.g. "Bang bang" "The attack may bring war", "U.S. not the
          same", "hijackers trained in the U.S.")
         OTHER: As stated in original coding, any entries that qualify as "Other" should
          be considered distinct entries that are tallied for the final total # entered in
          the last column for this question. An exception is when a response includes
          repetition of an incident. In that case, it is not necessary to consider each
          response as distinct (e.g. "Security was lax in Boston. Security was lax in
          NY."). In this example, "laxness of security" would be ONE entry in the
          addendum. If there are any doubts, please ask.
         Also, in the addendum, remember to mark alongside each addendum entry the
          total # of addendum entries, for that survey, in that question column.




                                             55
                CASUALTIES:
                There are 3 columns:      Casualties-Other/Unspecified
                                          Casualties-Passengers/Crew/Pilots/Hijackers
                                          Casualties-Rescuers/Police/Fire Workers
                These responses are separated accordingly. Entries alluding to "Missing People"
                  and those who "jumped" will be included, sorted into their appropriate groups.
                Only entries alluding to "passengers/crew/pilots" OR to "rescue workers/fire/
                  police/others assisting" will be coded into those sub-categories.
                If response is more general (i.e. "Many died during attacks", "5000 died in
                  crashes") coding will go under "Casualties-Other/Unspecified"
                EVACUATIONS: includes "people running/escaping"
                RESCUE ASSISTANCE: includes "volunteer help", "donating blood", "people
                  helping others", "acts of heroism/bravery" ["Unity", if general, doesn't qualify]
                References to "4th plane" may be coded under original column for "PA Crash"
                Make sure to identify main event of each listing (e.g. "Rumor of other hijacked
                  plane"). "Rumor" is the main issue. "Rumor" becomes "OTHER" and is
                  entered in addendum.

Columns 142-159
Headings:    Important Events (List of each category/column shown below)"

                First WTC building hit by hijacked plane
                Second WTC building hit by hijacked plane
                Pentagon hit by hijacked plane
                Hijacked plane crashes near Pittsburgh
                First WTC building collapses
                Second WTC collapses
Added coding:   Air Travel Suspended
Added coding:   Bush &/or Cheney in Transit
Added coding:   Casualties-Other/Unspecified
Added coding:   Casualties-Passengers
Added coding:   Casualties-Rescuers
Added coding:   Defiance of PA passengers
Added coding:   Evacuations
Added coding:   Hijackings (General)
Added coding:   Other Buildings Collapse
Added coding:   Rescue Assistance
Added coding:   Not Applicable
                Other (Enter 1, if applicable, and add all appropriate entries to addendum)

Coding:         0 = Not Applicable
                1 = Applicable (this applies to single or multiple entries for each column)


Column 160
Heading:        “Question #28 – Important Events (Total # of Entries)

Coding:         Enter the sum of "1s" from all columns above, excluding the "1" from the column
                "OTHER". Instead, add to this tally the # of entries from the addendum. Hence, if four
                columns are coded "1", the tally would be "4". If four entries are listed in the addendum,
                the total tally would be "8", NOT "5" and NOT "9".


                                                    56
         QUESTION #29
         “Many people think that these are the most salient events that occurred in the attack:”

         “Please indicate the order in which you became aware of each event:” (See survey)
         “Please indicate the order in which the events actually occurred:” (See survey)

         Overview:
         This is a two-part question. As in the first-round survey, the event order was arranged in
         different sequences so as to note if there would be an affect on perception of event
         sequence under this manipulation. For the third round, the surveys incorporate three
         event order variations (A, B, & C). Since there are two types of surveys, one with
         Confidence ratings and the other with Forecasting ratings, there are a total of 6
         designations (CA, CB, CC, FA, FB, & FC - See Column 4 in main grid), but only three
         event order variations - A, B, & C. The Swedish surveys have an additional version: CD.

         HAND-PRINT SURVEYS: the event order for each version (CA, CB, CC, FA, FB, or
         FC) is shown in the respective surveys themselves. Versions are also shown on page 59.

         WEB-SITE SURVEYS: see Page 59 for the event order for each version.


Notes:   Rather than providing a multitude of columns with every sequential combination, each
         event (as in Question #28) is given its own column for both parts of the question
         (Columns 161-166 - Awareness Order) and (Columns 167-172 - Actual Order). The
         coding simply notes the order in which the participant listed the events in each part by
         assigning the corresponding numerical order in the appropriate column.

         For example, the response for part one may show that the participant became aware in the
         following order: a) a hijacked plane crashed outside of Pittsburgh; b) a WTC tower
         collapsed; and c) the Pentagon was hit by a hijacked plane. The coding would record this
         order by placing a “1”, “2”, and “3” in each of the corresponding columns, respectively.
         The rest of the selections would follow accordingly.

         It is possible that participants became aware of the events simultaneously (e.g. morning
         news on the West Coast may have summarized the incidents into a single headline). In
         order to code with statistical consistency, the total sum of the rating scale (1+2+3+4+5+6
         = 21) needs to be preserved. Hence, if the participant stated awareness of more than one
         event at the same time, the average number will be entered equally for each of those
         simultaneous events, while coding for the other events will maintain and reflect their
         relative order. For example, the respondent stated the following order of events, but
         mentioned that the 2nd through 5th events were known of at the same moment:

         A hijacked plane crashed outside of Pittsburgh                           1
         The Pentagon was hit by a hijacked plane                                 2
         A World Trade Center Tower was hit by a hijacked plane                   3
         A Second World Trade Center Tower was hit by a hijacked plane            4
         A World Trade Center Tower collapsed                                     5
         A second World Trade Center Tower collapsed                              6
                                                                                 21
         Coding would normally order each event 1 to 6, as listed. However, for the 2nd through
         5th events, coding will reflect the rating average of these four:


                                             57
               Since awareness of the first and last events are listed separately from the others, their
               respective order of 1 and 6 would stay as is. However, the simultaneous awareness of
               2, 3, 4, and 5 would be averaged as 2+3+4+5 (or 14) divided by 4; therefore, each of
               these four events would rate a “3.5”, and there would be no entry of “2”, “3”, “4”, or “5”:

               A hijacked plane crashed outside of Pittsburgh                                  1
               The Pentagon was hit by a hijacked plane                                      3.5
               A World Trade Center Tower was hit by a hijacked plane                        3.5
               A Second World Trade Center Tower was hit by a hijacked plane                 3.5
               A World Trade Center Tower collapsed                                          3.5
               A second World Trade Center Tower collapsed                                     6
                                                                                              21

               As shown, the total rating scale equals 21.0 in both examples.

               If the same entry is repeated two or more times (e.g. “a,b,b,d,e,f” – implying uncertainty
               or error, enter “0” for all missing selections and enter the numeric order for the others
               starting with “1” (i.e. “1, 2, 3,…”). In this example, a = 1, b = 2, c = 0, d = 3, e = 4, f = 5.

               Columns headings appear in the following order, in the spreadsheet:
               The same order applies to both "Awareness Order" columns (Columns 161-166) and
               "Actual Order" columns (Columns 167-172):

               - A World Trade Center Tower was hit by a hijacked plane
               - A second World Trade Center Tower was hit by a hijacked plane
               - The Pentagon was hit by a hijacked plane
               - A hijacked plane crashed outside of Pittsburgh
               - A World Trade Center Tower collapsed
               - A second World Trade Center Tower collapsed

NOTE:          For Brigham surveys: only “first” and “last” events are requested. Coding of “1” and
               “6” should apply only to those applicable events/columns. If multiple events stated for
               either, divide rating as shown above. All other columns should be coded “0”.

Columns 161-166 and 167-172
Heading:     "Question #29 - Event Order - Awareness OR Actual (abbreviated event phrase)"

               1st WTC Hit
               2nd WTC Hit
               Pentagon Hit
               Pittsburgh Crash
               1st WTC Collapse
               2nd WTC Collapse

Coding:        List by number (1-6) the order in which each event was recalled.

               0 = Not stated or Unknown (Enter in each applicable column)


               SEE NEXT PAGE FOR SEQUENCE VARIATIONS


                                                    58
QUESTION #29: EVENT ORDER FOR EACH VERSION

Surveys CA & FA
a) The Pentagon was hit by a hijacked plane
b) A second World Trade Center Tower was hit by a hijacked plane
c) A World Trade Center Tower collapsed
d) A World Trade Center Tower was hit by a hijacked plane
e) A second World Trade Center Tower collapsed
f) A hijacked plane crashed outside of Pittsburgh

Surveys CB & FB
a) A second World Trade Center Tower collapsed
b) A second World Trade Center Tower was hit by a hijacked plane
c) A World Trade Center Tower collapsed
d) The Pentagon was hit by a hijacked plane
e) A World Trade Center Tower was hit by a hijacked plane
f) A hijacked plane crashed outside of Pittsburgh

Surveys CC & FC
a) A hijacked plane crashed outside of Pittsburgh
b) A World Trade Center Tower was hit by a hijacked plane
c) The Pentagon was hit by a hijacked plane
d) A World Trade Center Tower collapsed
e) A second World Trade Center Tower was hit by a hijacked plane
f) A second World Trade Center Tower collapsed

Surveys CD (one of the Swedish versions)
a) A hijacked plane crashed outside of Pittsburgh
b) A second World Trade Center Tower collapsed
c) A World Trade Center Tower was hit by a hijacked plane
d) A World Trade Center Tower collapsed
e) A second World Trade Center Tower was hit by a hijacked plane
f) The Pentagon was hit by a hijacked plane




                                 59
             QUESTIONS #30 - #35 (For Brigham: these questions were not included)
             "We'd like you to tell us about HOW YOU THINK YOU'LL FEEL ABOUT THE
             ATTACK SEVEN YEARS FROM NOW, ON THE TENTH ANNIVERSARY OF
             9/11. Please indicate your response by marking the appropriate point on the scales
             provided. Note that you may indicate partial numbers (e.g. 3.5)."

             Overview:
             The coding for these emotional response columns (Columns 173-178) is provided in the
             survey itself, on a straightforward rating scale.

             The emotions are as follows:            Column #                 Question #
             Sadness                                 Column 173               Question #30
             Anger                                   Column 174               Question #31
             Fear                                    Column 175               Question #32
             Confusion                               Column 176               Question #33
             Frustration                             Column 177               Question #34
             Shock                                   Column 178               Question #35

Notes:       As stated in the wording shown above, this section (Questions #30-#35) addresses
             these emotions as they pertain to PROJECTED feelings seven years from the time of
             filling out this survey.

             If no rating is given for any of these emotions, and if Question #36 "Other Projected
             Emotions" states that particular emotion(s) or one of the synonyms provided, then you
             may code the rating appropriately in the initial column(s):

             Example: "Anger" was not rated. However, "Outraged" was written in "Other Projected
             Emotions (Seven Years From Now)" and given a rating of "4". In this case, enter the
             rating of "4" in the column for "Anger".


Column 173
Heading:     "Question #30 – Sadness (Projected)”

             This may include: Dismayed, Upset, Mournful, Depressed, Awful, Hurt, Terrible,
                               Horrible, Regret, Despair, Heaviness, Loss, Heartache,
                               Disappointment, Crying, Weeping, Grim, Melancholy
                               (if stated in Question #36 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0     = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5   = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6     = Category Omitted from Survey




                                               60
Column 174
Heading:     "Question #31 – Anger (Projected)”

             This may include: Mad, Vengeful, Livid, Annoyed, Bitter, Outraged, Vengeful,
                               Hateful, Appalled, Disgusted, Irritable, Repulsion, Aggression,
                               Indignation)
                               (if stated in Question #36 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey



Column 175
Heading:     "Question #32 – Fear (Projected)”

             This may include: Scared, Terrified, Alarmed, Afraid, Frightened, Wary, Suspicious,
                              Apprehensive, Foreboding, Dread, Paranoid, Unsafe,
                              (if stated in Question #36 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey



Column 176
Heading:     "Question #33 – Confusion (Projected)”

             This may include: Disoriented, Lost, Unstable, Unsure, Baffled, Didn't understand,
                               Perplexed, Puzzled, Bewildered, Ambiguousness, Aimlessness,
                               Conflicted, Indecisive, Flustered
                               (if stated in Question #36 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey




                                                 61
Column 177
Heading:     "Question #34 – Frustration (Projected)”

             This may include: Helpless, Aggravated, Impotent, Inadequate, Uselessness,
                              Worthlessness
                              (if stated in Question #36 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey



Column 178
Heading:     "Question #35 – Shock (Projected)”

             This may include: Stunned, Disbelieving, Astonished, Horrified, Stupefied,
                               Incredulous, Speechless, Astounded, Startled, Aghast,
                               Dumbstruck, Dumbfounded, Flabbergasted
                               (if stated in Question #36 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey




                                                62
         QUESTION #36 (For Brigham: this question was not included)
         "Seven years from now, what other emotions might you be experiencing relative to the
         attack? List and rate their expected intensity:”

         Overview:
         As in Question #19, this question may contain a variety of responses. Originally, these
         additional emotion entries were put into an addendum list with a notation of the intensity
         rating (from 0 – 5; “0” = No rating listed) in a separate column. They have been
         subsequently re-coded so as to be included in the main coding matrix. New categories
         were created for response s that demonstrated single or grouped listings with close to or
         more than 50 entries for any ONE or more of the questions pertaining to emotions -- Q7,
         Q8b, Q19, and Q36.


Notes:   IMPORTANT: Record coding for all entries, not just the first response.

         The columns listed below (Columns 179-204) were added to the coding matrix beyond
         the 6 emotions already provided on the survey. The original 6 emotions were Angry,
         Sad, Fearful, Confused, Frustrated, and Shocked. If a participant added a response for
         "Other Projected Emotions" that could be considered as one of these six original
         emotions, and if the participant already entered a rating for that particular original
         emotion, then the added listing will be ignored. If, however, the participant did not give a
         rating for an original emotion and if one of the "Other" listings states that emotion or one
         of the synonyms provided, then the appropriate original/initial category will be coded
         from the listing given in "Other Projected Emotions (Two Years From Now)".

         Of course, if a listing is one that does not fall within one of the original 6 emotions, but
         falls ONLY within the coding definitions for the additional category columns listed
         below, then it will be coded for that new column. The coding for these "Other Projected
         Emotions" columns will be "0" for "Not Stated" or "1" for "Stated". "Stated" will only
         receive a coding of "1", regardless of how many listings in "Other Projected Emotions"
         apply to that column.

         Rating Columns:
         There will also be a column for intensity rating alongside each column listed below under
         "New columns". The rating scale will go from 0 - 5. "0" = No rating or a rating of "0".
         Ratings of 1 -5 range from "1" = "Very Little" to "5" = "Very High". If a participant rates
         a listing with a number higher than 5, the coding will be "5". Ratings should be rounded
         off to the nearest quarter-fraction (i.e. 3.25, 3.5, 3.75, 4, etc.).

         Where multiple entries apply to the same column, the rating will be the AVERAGE of
         the applicable ratings given. Of course, when only one entry applies to one category, the
         single applicable rating for that entry is appropriate.

         For the category "Other", the rating instructions remain the same as far as the main
         coding grid. However, in the addendum, list each applicable entry separately, and then
         rate separately each listing as it is stated in the survey, in the adjacent column provided in
         the addendum worksheet.

         SEE NEXT PAGE FOR COLUMNS



                                              63
The following ORIGINAL emotions will not have columns within this section.
However, the coding definitions below are included to help assist in knowing if the
response applies as one of the original 6 emotions or as one of the inclusive synonyms. If
that were the case, simply check to make sure the original column was rated by the
participant. If yes, then do not code for the response and leave the initial rating as is. If
no, then record the rating from the new entry (or the average rating, if more than one new
entry applies to that category).

Not stated      (When no response AT ALL is given)
Angry           (Include: Mad, Vengeful, Livid, Annoyed, Bitter Outraged,
                Vengeful, Hateful, Appalled, Disgusted, Irritable, Repulsion,
                Aggression, Indignation)
Sad             (Include: Dismayed, Upset, Mournful, Depressed, Awful, Hurt,
                Terrible, Horrible, Regret, Despair, Heaviness, Loss, Heartache,
                Disappointment, Crying, Weeping, Grim, Melancholy)
Fearful         (Include: Scared, Terrified, Alarmed, Afraid, Frightened, Wary,
                Apprehensive, Foreboding, Dread, Paranoid, Unsafe, Suspicious)
Confused        (Include: Disoriented, Lost, Unstable, Unsure, Baffled, Didn't
                understand, Perplexed, Puzzled, Bewildered, Ambiguousness,
                Aimlessness, Conflicted, Indecisive, Flustered)
Frustrated      (Include: Helpless, Aggravated, Impotent, Inadequate,
                Uselessness, Worthlessness)
Shocked         (Include: Stunned, Disbelieving, Astonished, Horrified,
                Stupefied, Incredulous, Speechless, Astounded, Startled, Aghast,
                Dumbstruck, Dumbfounded, Flabbergasted)

If a response is strongly associated with one of the coding selections, but not listed above,
you may code for that category (e.g. "Pissed off" would constitute "Angry"). However,
please ask if you have any doubt.

The following additional columns were established for this question:

Not Applicable
Anxious/Distressed
Worried/Concerned/Preoccupied/Distraught
Physically Disturbed
Sympathy/Empathy/Compassion/Pity
Numb
Neutral
Surprised
Guilt/Shame/Ashamed/Embarrassment/Remorse
Excited/Intrigued/Fascinated/Curious
Proud/Patriotic (Admiration, Appreciation/Respect, in context w/civic responses)
Hopeful/Optimistic
Other (Enter response(s) in addendum. As in original coding, this applies to
      listings that remain in the addendum. (They DO NOT APPLY to the
      original 6 emotions OR to those above)
      For "Other": Include, in parentheses, the total # of addendum entries for
      this question, per participant, alongside each addendum entry.

SEE NEXT SIX PAGES FOR MORE COLUMNS, CODING, & DEFINITIONS


                                    64
MORE SYNONYMS/CODING DEFINITIONS FOR OTHER EMOTIONS (Q36)

Special Note: When considering the appropriateness of a coding category, keep in mind the context in
which the response is written. For example, "hope we're not at war" might suggest
"HOPEFUL/OPTIMISTIC" as the best coding, but it's more a reflection of a reservation about the future
rather than a sense of hopefulness or optimism.

"NOT STATED" applies to those participants who did not enter any response
"NOT APPLICABLE" incorporates entries that cannot be assigned an emotional state
  (e.g. "I thought it was an accident", "Awareness")
"ANXIOUS/DISTRESSED" incorporates entries alluding to states of emotional unrest or
  restlessness (e.g. Agitation, Tension, Stress, Nervousness, Jumpiness, Traumatized, Panicked,
  Devastated, Overwhelmed, Uneasy, Troubled)
"WORRIED/CONCERNED/PREOCCUPIED/DISTRAUGHT"
"PHYSICALLY DISTURBED" incorporates entries alluding to manifestations of physical
  symptoms (e.g. Sick, Nauseous, Weak, Exhausted, Pained, Nightmares, Distracted, Revulsion,
  Shaken)
"SYMPATHY/EMPATHY/COMPASSION/PITY" (Understanding, Sorry for…)
"NUMB" constitutes its own category alluding to the more specific state of being emotionally
  paralyzed, anesthetized, dazed, dulled, shut off, empty, without feeling, desensitized, alienated,
  in Denial
"NEUTRAL" incorporates entries alluding to the lack or absence of emotional affect or
  acknowledgment, excluding "numbness" (e.g. Calm, Detached, Indifferent, Bored, Resigned,
  Not Surprised, Accepting)
"SURPRISED" will be its own category/column
"GUILT/ASHAMED/SHAME/EMBARRASSMENT/REMORSE"
"EXCITED/INTRIGUED/FASCINATED/CURIOUS" incorporates entries alluding to states of
  interest, captivation, fascination, awe, stimulation, curiosity, wonder (e.g. Amazed, Spellbound,
  Engrossed, Alert)
"PROUD/PATRIOTIC" (Admiration/Appreciation/Respect, when in context with issues relating
  to civic responses - i.e. Firefighters, Government, New Yorkers, etc.)
"HOPEFUL/OPTIMISTIC" incorporates entries such as "Prayerful", "Faithful", "Confident",
  "Reassured", "Trusting"
"OTHER" incorporates additional entries not qualifying as a new entry or other categories (e.g.
  "Skeptical", "Doubtful", "Cynical", "Love", "Happy", "Relieved", "Grateful", "Thankful",
  "Insecure", "Uncertain")
Entries of "Outraged", "Vengeful", "Hateful", "Appalled", "Disgusted", "Irritable", "Repulsion",
  "Agression", "Indignation" become "Anger"
Entries of "Awful", "Hurt", "Terrible", "Horrible", "Regret", "Despair", "Heaviness", "Loss",
  "Heartache", "Disappointment", "Crying", "Weeping", "Grim", "Melancholy" become "Sad"
Entries of "Afraid", "Frightened", "Apprehensive", "Foreboding", "Dread", "Paranoid", "Wary",
  "Unsafe", "Suspicious", will be coded under "Fear"
Entries of "Baffled", "Didn't understand", "Perplexed", "Puzzled", "Bewildered", "Aimlessness",
  "Ambiguousness", "Conflicted", "Indecisive", "Flustered" will be coded under "Confusion"
Entries of "Impotent", "Inadequate", "Uselessness", "Worthlessness" become "Frustrated"
Entries of "Stupefied", "Incredulous", "Speechless", "Astounded", "Startled", "Aghast"
  "Dumbstruck", "Dumbfounded" "Flabbergasted" will be coded under "Shock"




                                                     65
Column 179
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Not Applicable)"

Coding:      This column incorporates entries that cannot be assigned an emotional state
             (e.g. "I thought it was an accident", "Awareness")

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 180
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Not Applicable) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 181
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Anxious/Distressed)"

Coding:      This column incorporates entries alluding to states of emotional unrest or
             restlessness (e.g. Agitation, Tension, Stress, Nervousness, Jumpiness,
             Traumatized, Panicked, Devastated, Overwhelmed, Uneasy, Troubled)

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 182
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Anxious/Distressed) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 183
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Worried/Concerned/Preoccupied/
             Distraught)"

Coding:      This column incorporates primarily those adjectives stated

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column
Column 184
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Worried/Concerned/Preoccupied/
             Distraught) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies


                                                  66
Column 185
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Physically Disturbed)"

Coding:      This column incorporates entries alluding to manifestations of physical
             symptoms (e.g. Sick, Nauseous, Weak, Exhausted, Pained, Nightmares,
             Distractedness, Revulsion, Shaken)

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 186
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Physically Disturbed) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 187
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Sympathy/Empathy/Compassion/Pity)"

Coding:      This column alludes to adjectives stated, plus "Understanding", "Sorry for", etc.

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column
Column 188
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Sympathy/Empathy/Compassion/Pity) -
             Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 189
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Numb)"

Coding:      This column incorporates states of being emotionally paralyzed, anesthetized,
             dazed, dulled, shut off, empty, without feeling. desensitized, alienated, in denial

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 190
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Numb) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies



                                                  67
Column 191
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Neutral)"

Coding:      This column incorporates entries alluding to the lack or absence of emotional
             affect or acknowledgment, excluding "numbness"
             (e.g. Calm, Detached, Indifferent, Bored, Not Surprised, Resigned, Accepting)

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 192
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Neutral) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 193
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Surprised)"

Coding:      This column incorporates this adjective specifically

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 194
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Surprised) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 195
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Guilt/Ashamed/Shame/Embarrassment/
             Remorse)"

Coding:      This column incorporates primarily those adjectives stated

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 196
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Guilt/Ashamed/Shame/Embarrassment/
             Remorse) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies


                                                  68
Column 197
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Excited/Intrigued/Fascinated/Curious)"

Coding:      This column incorporates entries alluding to states of interest, captivation, awe,
             stimulation, curiosity, wonder (e.g. Amazed, Spellbound, Engrossed, Alert)

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 198
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Excited/Intrigued/Fascinated/Curious) -
             Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 199
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Proud/Patriotic)"

Coding:      This column incorporates Admiration/Appreciation/Respect, in context with
             issues relating to civic responses (i.e. Firefighters, Govt., New Yorkers, etc.)

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column
Column 200
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Proud/Patriotic) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 201
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Hopeful/Optimistic)"

Coding:      This column incorporates entries such as "Prayerful", "Faithful", "Confident",
             "Reassured", "Trusting"

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 202
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Hopeful/Optimistic) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies



                                                  69
Column 203
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Other)"

Coding:      This column incorporates additional entries not qualifying as either a new entry
             or as one of the six categories originally listed (e.g. "Skeptical", "Doubtful",
             "Cynical", "Love", "Happy", "Relieved", "Grateful", "Thankful", "Insecure",
             "Uncertain")

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

             List each entry in the addendum separately and code each rating in the adjacent
             addendum column.

Column 204
Heading:     "Question #36 - Other Projected Emotions (Other) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies (this applies to the main
             coding grid rating. For the addendum rating, see note above).




                                                  70
             QUESTION #37 (For Brigham: Q38)
             "In the two weeks following the attack, what did you think would be the likelihood of
             another terrorist attack in the United States during the time periods listed below? Note
             that numbers on the provided scales indicate the percentage chance that an attack was
             likely to take place. Please circle your selected value for each item."

             Overview:
             This is a straightforward question in three parts, each part targeting a distinct timeframe:
             a) in the month following the attack, b) in the year following the attack, and c) in five
             years following the attack. Each timeframe will include a Confidence Rating scale. The
             coding for the first columns within each timeframe will be the percentage number noted
             on the survey. Since “0” is part of the rating scale provided in the survey, these three
             columns will use the coding "999" to denote “Not Stated”.


Column 205
Heading:     "Question #37 – % of Another Attack Within One Month – 2 Weeks Following Attack
             (Percent)"

Coding:      Enter percent stated on survey, from 0 – 100.

             999 = Not stated (No rating given)



Column 206
Heading:     "Question #37 - % of Another Attack Within One Month – 2 Weeks Following Attack
             (Confidence Rating)"

Coding:      0       = Not stated (No rating given)
             1–5     = From “Not at all” – “Extremely”




                                                  71
Column 207
Heading:     "Question #37 – % of Another Attack Within One Year – 2 Weeks Following Attack
             (Percent)"

Coding:      Enter percent stated on survey, from 0 – 100.

             999 = Not stated (No rating given)



Column 208
Heading:     "Question #37 - % of Another Attack Within One Year – 2 Weeks Following Attack
             (Confidence Rating)"

Coding:      0       = Not stated (No rating given)
             1–5     = From “Not at all” – “Extremely”



Column 209
Heading:     "Question #37 – % of Another Attack Within Five Years – 2 Weeks Following Attack
             (Percent)"

Coding:      Enter percent stated on survey, from 0 – 100.

             999 = Not stated (No rating given)



Column 210
Heading:     "Question #37 - % of Another Attack Within Five Years – 2 Weeks Following Attack
             (Confidence Rating)"

Coding:      0       = Not stated (No rating given)
             1–5     = From “Not at all” – “Extremely”




                                                  72
         QUESTION #41 (For Brigham: Q42)
         "IN THE TWO WEEKS FOLLOWING 9/11, who did you think was responsible for
         the attack?"

         Overview:
         This question may have several answers. Each selection has its own column (Columns
         211-236), requiring only a “0” for “Not Stated/Not Applicable” or a “1” for
         “Stated/Applicable”, regardless of how many entries apply to a column.


Notes:   "Not Stated" will also have its own respective column. This denotes when the participant
         entered no response at all. If applicable, a "1" would be entered into the appropriate
         "cell" on the grid. All other columns in the question would then be coded as "0".

         "Other" and "Other Group" have their own columns. If applicable, these columns would
         be coded as "1" and the responses would be entered into the addendum, in the same
         column. Remember to place, alongside each entry, the total # of addendum entries for
         this question, per participant. Explanations as to the type of response that would apply to
         these columns are included amongst the notations that follow:

         U.S. GOVERNMENT: Includes references to America: U.S. Govt. agencies (e.g. FAA,
           but not FBI/CIA), members of govt or administration (e.g. Bush) or entries alluding to
           policies, American behavior, or America (in general)
         OTHER GROUP: Used for person(s) or group(s) not already assigned a column
                              Includes references to American people (e.g. “Americans”)
                              Includes "Palestinians"
                              Includes references to "the hijackers"
         OTHER: Used for ideas, attitudes, non-sequiturs, points-of-view on issues, etc.
                    (e.g. "hatred in the world", "capitalism", "justice should step in")
         "PLO" &/or "HAMAS": Includes "Palestinian organizations"
         "HEADS OF VARIOUS STATES/COUNTRIES": Includes individual OR multiple
                                                                leaders/states not assigned a column
         UNSURE: Includes entries stating "unsure", "don't know", etc. as a sole response or as
                       a response distinct from any others
         BIN LADEN-UNSURE: Any entries expressing uncertainty of Bin Laden's responsibility

         Any entries expressing uncertainty for any already mentioned category except Bin Laden
          will be coded under that category.

         Muslim = Islamic
         Mossad = Israel

         As much as possible, the attempt is to try not to force responses to fit into the columns or
         selections provided. The main objective is to capture the actual/literal response given and
         enter as such. Following are four examples:


         SEE NEXT PAGE FOR SOME CODING EXAMPLES




                                             73
Example 1
"Capitalistic Greed and those concerned with oil profits."

This statement reflects both a thematic issue and a group not assigned a prior category.
Therefore, coding would go under both "Other" and "Other Group". As well, the entries
would be entered into the addendum.

Example 2
“Nineteen males”

In this response, the focus is on the hijackers; however, there is no specific reference to
their being from a particular country or of their ethnicity ("Arab Individuals” or “Non-
Arab Individuals”). Therefore, this response would go under “Other Group”, and the
response would be entered into the addendum.

Example 3
"I'm not sure, but probably Saudi Arabia and Libya"

Even though uncertainty is expressed for the involvement of these countries, coding may
still be entered to indicate their involvement. Since these countries do not have their own
columns, coding would go under "Heads of Various States/Countries".

Example 4
"I have, of course, heard how everyone is suspecting Osama bin Laden, but the evidence
is still not there."

Since Bin Laden-Unsure is a designated column, the response would be coded under that
category.


SEE NEXT PAGE FOR CODING SELECTIONS AND CODING SCHEME




                                   74
Columns 211-236
Headings:    "Question #41 - Responsible - Two Weeks Following (Various listings below)"


                Not Stated (Enter a "1" IN THIS COLUMN if no response was given by the participant)
                            (Enter a "0" for all other columns)
                Osama bin Laden
                Al Queda
                Taliban
                Afghanistan
                Iraq/Saddam Hussein
                Iran
                PLO/Arafat
                Israel (Include: Mossad)
                Hamas
                Islamic Fundamentalists or Extremists/Jihad Movement/Mujahideen
                Other Religious Fanatics
                Terrorists - General
                Domestic Terrorists
                Middle Eastern Terrorists
                Arab Individuals
                Non-Arab Individuals
                Heads of Various States/Countries
                Foreign Intelligence
                U.S. Government/U.S Policies/Behavior, & Agencies (not U.S. citizens or CIA/FBI)
                CIA/FBI
                Other (Enter "1", if applicable, and include response(s) in addendum)
Added coding:   Bin Laden - Unsure
Added coding:   Bin Laden Followers
Added coding:   Other Group (Enter "1", if applicable, and include response(s) in addendum)
Added coding:   Unsure


Coding:         0 = Not Stated/Not Applicable (No response given or none applicable to the column)
                1 = Stated/Applicable (Regardless of how many entries apply to the column)




                                                  75
             QUESTIONS #42 - #47 (For Brigham: Q30 – 35)
             "We'd like you to tell us about your CURRENT FEELINGS CONCERNING THE
             ATTACK. Please indicate your response by marking the appropriate point on the scales
             provided. Note that you may indicate partial numbers (e.g. 3.5)."

             Overview:
             The coding for these emotional response columns (Columns 237-242) is provided in the
             survey itself, on a straightforward rating scale.

             The emotions are as follows:             Column #                 Question #
             Sadness                                  Column 237               Question #42
             Anger                                    Column 238               Question #43
             Fear                                     Column 239               Question #44
             Confusion                                Column 240               Question #45
             Frustration                              Column 241               Question #46
             Shock                                    Column 242               Question #47

Notes:       As stated in the question shown above, this section (Questions #42-#47) addresses
             these emotions as they pertain to CURRENT feelings at the time of filling out this
             survey.

             If no rating is given for any of these emotions, and if Question #48 (Other Current
             Emotions) states that particular emotion(s) or one of the synonyms provided, then you
             may code the rating appropriately in the initial column(s):

             Example: "Anger" was not rated. However, "Outraged" was written in "Other Current
             Emotions " and given a rating of "4". In this case, enter the rating of "4" in the column
             for "Anger".


Column 237
Heading:     "Question #42 – Sadness (Current)”

             This may include: Dismayed, Upset, Mournful, Depressed, Awful, Hurt, Terrible,
                               Horrible, Regret, Despair, Heaviness, Loss, Heartache,
                               Disappointment, Crying, Weeping, Grim, Melancholy
                               (if stated in Question #48 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey




                                                76
Column 238
Heading:     "Question #43 – Anger (Current)”

             This may include: Mad, Vengeful, Livid, Annoyed, Bitter, Outraged, Vengeful,
                               Hateful, Appalled, Disgusted, Irritable, Repulsion, Aggression,
                               Indignation)
                               (if stated in Question #48 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey



Column 239
Heading:     "Question #44 – Fear (Current)”

             This may include: Scared, Terrified, Alarmed, Afraid, Frightened, Wary, Suspicious,
                              Apprehensive, Foreboding, Dread, Paranoid, Unsafe,
                              (if stated in Question #48 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey



Column 240
Heading:     "Question #45 – Confusion (Current)”

             This may include: Disoriented, Lost, Unstable, Unsure, Baffled, Didn't understand,
                               Perplexed, Puzzled, Bewildered, Ambiguousness, Aimlessness,
                               Conflicted, Indecisive, Flustered
                               (if stated in Question #48 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey




                                                77
Column 241
Heading:     "Question #46 – Frustration (Current)”

             This may include: Helpless, Aggravated, Impotent, Inadequate, Uselessness,
                              Worthlessness
                              (if stated in Question #48 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey



Column 242
Heading:     "Question #47 – Shock (Current)”

             This may include: Stunned, Disbelieving, Astonished, Horrified, Stupefied,
                               Incredulous, Speechless, Astounded, Startled, Aghast,
                               Dumbstruck, Dumbfounded, Flabbergasted
                               (if stated in Question #48 -- see notes above)

Coding:       0      = Not stated (No rating given)
              1–5    = Degree of intensity, with 1 being the lowest and 5 the highest.
Added coding: 6      = Category Omitted from Survey




                                                78
         QUESTION #48 (For Brigham: Q36)
         "At this moment, what other emotions might you be experiencing relative to the attack?
         List and rate their intensity:”

         Overview:
         As in Questions #19 and #36, this question may contain a variety of responses.
         Originally, these additional emotion entries were put into an addendum list with a
         notation of the intensity rating (from 0 – 5; “0” = No rating listed) in a separate column.
         They have been subsequently re-coded so as to be included in the main coding matrix.
         New categories were created for response s that demonstrated single or grouped listings
         with close to or more than 50 entries for any ONE or more of the questions pertaining to
         emotions -- Q7, Q8b, Q19, and Q36.


Notes:   IMPORTANT: Record coding for all entries, not just the first response.

         The columns listed below (Columns 243-268) were added to the coding matrix beyond
         the 6 emotions already provided on the survey. The original 6 emotions were Angry,
         Sad, Fearful, Confused, Frustrated, and Shocked. If a participant added a response for
         "Other Current Emotions" that could be considered as one of these six original emotions,
         and if the participant already entered a rating for that particular original emotion, then the
         added listing will be ignored. If, however, the participant did not give a rating for an
         original emotion and if one of the "Other" listings states that emotion or one of the
         synonyms provided, then the appropriate original/initial category will be coded from the
         listing given in "Other Current Emotions".

         Of course, if a listing is one that does not fall within one of the original 6 emotions, but
         falls ONLY within the coding definitions for the additional category columns listed
         below, then it will be coded for that new column. The coding for these "Other Current
         Emotions" columns will be "0" for "Not Stated" or "1" for "Stated". "Stated" will only
         receive a coding of "1", regardless of how many listings in "Other Current Emotions"
         apply to that column.

         Rating Columns:
         There will also be a column for intensity rating alongside each column listed below under
         "New columns". The rating scale will go from 0 - 5. "0" = No rating or a rating of "0".
         Ratings of 1 -5 range from "1" = "Very Little" to "5" = "Very High". If a participant rates
         a listing with a number higher than 5, the coding will be "5". Ratings should be rounded
         off to the nearest quarter-fraction (i.e. 3.25, 3.5, 3.75, 4, etc.).

         Where multiple entries apply to the same column, the rating will be the AVERAGE of
         the applicable ratings given. Of course, when only one entry applies to one category, the
         single applicable rating for that entry is appropriate.

         For the category "Other", the rating instructions remain the same as far as the main
         coding grid. However, in the addendum, list each applicable entry separately, and then
         rate separately each listing as it is stated in the survey, in the adjacent column provided in
         the addendum worksheet.

         SEE NEXT PAGE FOR COLUMNS



                                              79
The following ORIGINAL emotions will not have columns within this section.
However, the coding definitions below are included to help assist in knowing if the
response applies as one of the original 6 emotions or as one of the inclusive synonyms. If
that were the case, simply check to make sure the original column was rated by the
participant. If yes, then do not code for the response and leave the initial rating as is. If
no, then record the rating from the new entry (or the average rating, if more than one new
entry applies to that category).

Not stated      (When no response AT ALL is given)
Angry           (Include: Mad, Vengeful, Livid, Annoyed, Bitter Outraged,
                Vengeful, Hateful, Appalled, Disgusted, Irritable, Repulsion,
                Aggression, Indignation)
Sad             (Include: Dismayed, Upset, Mournful, Depressed, Awful, Hurt,
                Terrible, Horrible, Regret, Despair, Heaviness, Loss, Heartache,
                Disappointment, Crying, Weeping, Grim, Melancholy)
Fearful         (Include: Scared, Terrified, Alarmed, Afraid, Frightened, Wary,
                Apprehensive, Foreboding, Dread, Paranoid, Unsafe, Suspicious)
Confused        (Include: Disoriented, Lost, Unstable, Unsure, Baffled, Didn't
                understand, Perplexed, Puzzled, Bewildered, Ambiguousness,
                Aimlessness, Conflicted, Indecisive, Flustered)
Frustrated      (Include: Helpless, Aggravated, Impotent, Inadequate,
                Uselessness, Worthlessness)
Shocked         (Include: Stunned, Disbelieving, Astonished, Horrified,
                Stupefied, Incredulous, Speechless, Astounded, Startled, Aghast,
                Dumbstruck, Dumbfounded, Flabbergasted)

If a response is strongly associated with one of the coding selections, but not listed above,
you may code for that category (e.g. "Pissed off" would constitute "Angry"). However,
please ask if you have any doubt.

The following additional columns were established for this question:

Not Applicable
Anxious/Distressed
Worried/Concerned/Preoccupied/Distraught
Physically Disturbed
Sympathy/Empathy/Compassion/Pity
Numb
Neutral
Surprised
Guilt/Shame/Ashamed/Embarrassment/Remorse
Excited/Intrigued/Fascinated/Curious
Proud/Patriotic (Admiration, Appreciation/Respect, in context w/civic responses)
Hopeful/Optimistic
Other (Enter response(s) in addendum. As in original coding, this applies to
      listings that remain in the addendum. (They DO NOT APPLY to the
      original 6 emotions OR to those above)
      For "Other": Include, in parentheses, the total # of addendum entries for
      this question, per participant, alongside each addendum entry.

SEE NEXT SIX PAGES FOR MORE COLUMNS, CODING, & DEFINITIONS


                                    80
MORE SYNONYMS/CODING DEFINITIONS FOR OTHER EMOTIONS (Q48)

Special Note: When considering the appropriateness of a coding category, keep in mind the context in
which the response is written. For example, "hope we're not at war" might suggest
"HOPEFUL/OPTIMISTIC" as the best coding, but it's more a reflection of a reservation about the future
rather than a sense of hopefulness or optimism.

"NOT STATED" applies to those participants who did not enter any response
"NOT APPLICABLE" incorporates entries that cannot be assigned an emotional state
  (e.g. "I thought it was an accident", "Awareness")
"ANXIOUS/DISTRESSED" incorporates entries alluding to states of emotional unrest or
  restlessness (e.g. Agitation, Tension, Stress, Nervousness, Jumpiness, Traumatized, Panicked,
  Devastated, Overwhelmed, Uneasy, Troubled)
"WORRIED/CONCERNED/PREOCCUPIED/DISTRAUGHT"
"PHYSICALLY DISTURBED" incorporates entries alluding to manifestations of physical
  symptoms (e.g. Sick, Nauseous, Weak, Exhausted, Pained, Nightmares, Distracted, Revulsion,
  Shaken)
"SYMPATHY/EMPATHY/COMPASSION/PITY" (Understanding, Sorry for…)
"NUMB" constitutes its own category alluding to the more specific state of being emotionally
  paralyzed, anesthetized, dazed, dulled, shut off, empty, without feeling, desensitized, alienated,
  in Denial
"NEUTRAL" incorporates entries alluding to the lack or absence of emotional affect or
  acknowledgment, excluding "numbness" (e.g. Calm, Detached, Indifferent, Bored, Resigned,
  Not Surprised, Accepting)
"SURPRISED" will be its own category/column
"GUILT/ASHAMED/SHAME/EMBARRASSMENT/REMORSE"
"EXCITED/INTRIGUED/FASCINATED/CURIOUS" incorporates entries alluding to states of
  interest, captivation, fascination, awe, stimulation, curiosity, wonder (e.g. Amazed, Spellbound,
  Engrossed, Alert)
"PROUD/PATRIOTIC" (Admiration/Appreciation/Respect, when in context with issues relating
  to civic responses - i.e. Firefighters, Government, New Yorkers, etc.)
"HOPEFUL/OPTIMISTIC" incorporates entries such as "Prayerful", "Faithful", "Confident",
  "Reassured", "Trusting"
"OTHER" incorporates additional entries not qualifying as a new entry or other categories (e.g.
  "Skeptical", "Doubtful", "Cynical", "Love", "Happy", "Relieved", "Grateful", "Thankful",
  "Insecure", "Uncertain")
Entries of "Outraged", "Vengeful", "Hateful", "Appalled", "Disgusted", "Irritable", "Repulsion",
  "Agression", "Indignation" become "Anger"
Entries of "Awful", "Hurt", "Terrible", "Horrible", "Regret", "Despair", "Heaviness", "Loss",
  "Heartache", "Disappointment", "Crying", "Weeping", "Grim", "Melancholy" become "Sad"
Entries of "Afraid", "Frightened", "Apprehensive", "Foreboding", "Dread", "Paranoid", "Wary",
  "Unsafe", "Suspicious", will be coded under "Fear"
Entries of "Baffled", "Didn't understand", "Perplexed", "Puzzled", "Bewildered", "Aimlessness",
  "Ambiguousness", "Conflicted", "Indecisive", "Flustered" will be coded under "Confusion"
Entries of "Impotent", "Inadequate", "Uselessness", "Worthlessness" become "Frustrated"
Entries of "Stupefied", "Incredulous", "Speechless", "Astounded", "Startled", "Aghast"
  "Dumbstruck", "Dumbfounded" "Flabbergasted" will be coded under "Shock"




                                                     81
Column 243
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Not Applicable)"

Coding:      This column incorporates entries that cannot be assigned an emotional state
             (e.g. "I thought it was an accident", "Awareness")

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 244
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Not Applicable) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 245
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Anxious/Distressed)"

Coding:      This column incorporates entries alluding to states of emotional unrest or
             restlessness (e.g. Agitation, Tension, Stress, Nervousness, Jumpiness,
             Traumatized, Panicked, Devastated, Overwhelmed, Uneasy, Troubled)

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 246
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Anxious/Distressed) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 247
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Worried/Concerned/Preoccupied/Distraught)"

Coding:      This column incorporates primarily those adjectives stated

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 248
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Worried/Concerned/Preoccupied/Distraught)
             - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies


                                                  82
Column 249
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Physically Disturbed)"

Coding:      This column incorporates entries alluding to manifestations of physical
             symptoms (e.g. Sick, Nauseous, Weak, Exhausted, Pained, Nightmares,
             Distractedness, Revulsion, Shaken)

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 250
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Physically Disturbed) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 251
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Sympathy/Empathy/Compassion/Pity)"

Coding:      This column alludes to adjectives stated, plus "Understanding", "Sorry for", etc.

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 252
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Sympathy/Empathy/Compassion/Pity)
             - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 253
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Numb)"

Coding:      This column incorporates states of being emotionally paralyzed, anesthetized,
             dazed, dulled, shut off, empty, without feeling. desensitized, alienated, in denial

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 254
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Numb) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies


                                                  83
Column 255
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Neutral)"

Coding:      This column incorporates entries alluding to the lack or absence of emotional
             affect or acknowledgment, excluding "numbness"
             (e.g. Calm, Detached, Indifferent, Bored, Not Surprised, Resigned, Accepting)

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 256
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Neutral) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 257
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Surprised)"

Coding:      This column incorporates this adjective specifically

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 258
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Surprised) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 259
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Guilt/Ashamed/Shame/Embarrassment/
             Remorse)"

Coding:      This column incorporates primarily those adjectives stated

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 260
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Guilt/Ashamed/Shame/Embarrassment/
             Remorse) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies


                                                  84
Column 261
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Excited/Intrigued/Fascinated/Curious)"

Coding:      This column incorporates entries alluding to states of interest, captivation, awe,
             stimulation, curiosity, wonder (e.g. Amazed, Spellbound, Engrossed, Alert)

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 262
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Excited/Intrigued/Fascinated/Curious)
             - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 263
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Proud/Patriotic)"

Coding:      This column incorporates Admiration/Appreciation/Respect, in context with
             issues relating to civic responses (i.e. Firefighters, Govt., New Yorkers, etc.)

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 264
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Proud/Patriotic) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies

Column 265
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Hopeful/Optimistic)"

Coding:      This column incorporates entries such as "Prayerful", "Faithful", "Confident",
             "Reassured", "Trusting"

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

Column 266
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Hopeful/Optimistic) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies


                                                  85
Column 267
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Other)"

Coding:      This column incorporates additional entries not qualifying as either a new entry
             or as one of the six categories originally listed (e.g. "Skeptical", "Doubtful",
             "Cynical", "Love", "Happy", "Relieved", "Grateful", "Thankful", "Insecure",
             "Uncertain")

             0 = Not Applicable for this column
             1 = Applicable for this column

             List each entry in the addendum separately and code each rating in the adjacent
             addendum column.

Column 268
Heading:     "Question #48 - Other Current Emotions (Other) - Rating"

Coding:      0 = No rating given or a rating of "0"
             1 - 5 (From "Very Little" to "Very High")

             Averaged ratings are given when more than one listing applies (this applies to the main
             coding grid rating. For the addendum rating, see note above).




                                                  86
             QUESTIONS #49 & #50 (For Brigham: Q43 & 44)
             "Since the two weeks following 9/11, how closely have you followed the media coverage
             about the attack?"

             "Since the two weeks following 9/11, how much have you talked about the attack?"

             Overview:
             These two questions mirror Questions #20 & #21, except that, instead of pertaining to the
             two weeks following the attack, they now pertain to the period within the last year.
             Similarly to the prior questions (#20 and #21), they are very straightforward both in
             targeting a specific response and in providing a coding system as part of the questions
             themselves. The rating is on a scale of 1-5, “0” = No rating listed. Ratings may be
             entered as fractional (e.g. "3.25", "3.5", "3.75", "4", etc.).


Column 269
Heading:     “Question #49 – Media Attention (Since 9/11)”

Coding:      0       = Not stated (No rating given)
             1–5     = Degree of attention (1 = Very Little and 5 = Very Much)



Column 270
Heading:     “Question #50 – Ensuing Conversation (Since 9/11)”

Coding:      0       = Not stated (No rating given)
             1–5     = Degree of conversation (1 = Very Little and 5 = Very Much)


NOTE:        For Brigham: both these questions used a different timeframe (“In the last year…”).
             As such, separate coding columns were created (Columns 300 and 301). Coding
             schemes remain the same.




                                                87
             QUESTION #51 (For Brigham: Q45)
             "At the present moment, what do you think is the likelihood of another terrorist attack in
             the United States during the time periods listed below? Note that numbers on the
             provided scales indicate the percentage chance that an attack is likely to take place.
             Please circle your selected value for each item."

             Overview:
             This question mirrors that of Question #37, except that instead of targeting the recall as to
             what the participant anticipated during the timeframe two weeks following the attack,
             now the focus is on the participant's anticipation at the current time-period. Again, this is
             a straightforward question in three parts, each part targeting a distinct timeframe: a) in the
             next month b) in the next year, and c) in the next four years. The coding for each will be
             the percentage number noted on the survey. Since “0” is part of the rating scale provided
             in the survey, these three columns will use the coding "999" to denote “Not Stated”.


Notes:       Unlike Question #37, since this question focuses on "current" feelings, there will
             NOT be a corresponding confidence rating scale for each time category.


Column 271
Heading:     “Question #51 – % of Another Attack within One Month – (Current)”

Coding:      Enter percent stated on survey, from 0 – 100.

             999 = Not stated (No rating given)


Column 272
Heading:     “Question #51 – % of Another Attack within One Year – (Current)”

Coding:      Enter percent stated on survey, from 0 – 100.

             999 = Not stated (No rating given)


Column 273
Heading:     “Question #51 – % of Another Attack within Seven Years – (Current)”

Coding:      Enter percent stated on survey, from 0 – 100.

             999 = Not stated (No rating given)


NOTE:        For Brigham: the third column (Column 273) was worded in a different timeframe
             (“Within 4 Years”). As such, a separate coding column was created (Column 302).
             The coding scheme remains the same.




                                                  88
         QUESTION #55 (For Brigham: Q49)
         "AT THE PRESENT MOMENT, who did you think is responsible for the attack?"

         Overview:
         This question, mirroring Question #41 except for the pertaining timeframe, may similarly
         include several answers. Each selection has its own column (Columns 274-299),
         requiring only a “0” for “Not Stated/Not Applicable” or a “1” for “Stated/Applicable”,
         regardless of how many entries apply to a column.


Notes:   "Not Stated" will also have its own respective column. This denotes when the participant
         entered no response at all. If applicable, a "1" would be entered into the appropriate
         "cell" on the grid. All other columns in the question would then be coded as "0".

         "Other" and "Other Group" have their own columns. If applicable, these columns would
         be coded as "1" and the responses would be entered into the addendum, in the same
         column. Remember to place, alongside each entry, the total # of addendum entries for
         this question, per participant. Explanations as to the type of response that would apply to
         these columns are included amongst the notations that follow:

         U.S. GOVERNMENT: Includes references to America: U.S. Govt. agencies (e.g. FAA,
           but not FBI/CIA), members of govt or administration (e.g. Bush) or entries alluding to
           policies, American behavior, or America (in general)
         OTHER GROUP: Used for person(s) or group(s) not already assigned a column
                              Includes references to American people (e.g. “Americans”)
                              Includes "Palestinians"
                              Includes references to "the hijackers"
         OTHER: Used for ideas, attitudes, non-sequiturs, points-of-view on issues, etc.
                    (e.g. "hatred in the world", "capitalism", "justice should step in")
         "PLO" &/or "HAMAS": Includes "Palestinian organizations"
         "HEADS OF VARIOUS STATES/COUNTRIES": Includes individual OR multiple
                                                                leaders/states not assigned a column
         UNSURE: Includes entries stating "unsure", "don't know", etc. as a sole response or as
                       a response distinct from any others
         BIN LADEN-UNSURE: Any entries expressing uncertainty of Bin Laden's responsibility

         Any entries expressing uncertainty for any already mentioned category except Bin Laden
          will be coded under that category.

         Muslim = Islamic
         Mossad = Israel

         As much as possible, the attempt is to try not to force responses to fit into the columns or
         selections provided. The main objective is to capture the actual/literal response given and
         enter as such. Following are four examples:

         SEE NEXT PAGE FOR SOME CODING EXAMPLES




                                             89
Example 1
"Capitalistic Greed and those concerned with oil profits."

This statement reflects both a thematic issue and a group not assigned a prior category.
Therefore, coding would go under both "Other" and "Other Group". As well, the entries
would be entered into the addendum.

Example 2
“Nineteen males”

In this response, the focus is on the hijackers; however, there is no specific reference to
their being from a particular country or of their ethnicity ("Arab Individuals” or “Non-
Arab Individuals”). Therefore, this response would go under “Other Group”, and the
response would be entered into the addendum.

Example 3
"I'm not sure, but probably Saudi Arabia and Libya"

Even though uncertainty is expressed for the involvement of these countries, coding may
still be entered to indicate their involvement. Since these countries do not have their own
columns, coding would go under "Heads of Various States/Countries".

Example 4
"I have, of course, heard how everyone is suspecting Osama bin Laden, but the evidence
is still not there."

Since Bin Laden-Unsure is a designated column, the response would be coded under that
category.


SEE NEXT PAGE FOR CODING SELECTIONS AND CODING SCHEME




                                   90
Columns 274-299
Headings:    "Question #55 - Responsible - Current (Various listings below)"


                Not Stated (Enter a "1" IN THIS COLUMN if no response was given by the participant)
                            (Enter a "0" for all other columns)
                Osama bin Laden
                Al Queda
                Taliban
                Afghanistan
                Iraq/Saddam Hussein
                Iran
                PLO/Arafat
                Israel (Include: Mossad)
                Hamas
                Islamic Fundamentalists or Extremists/Jihad Movement/Mujahideen
                Other Religious Fanatics
                Terrorists - General
                Domestic Terrorists
                Middle Eastern Terrorists
                Arab Individuals
                Non-Arab Individuals
                Heads of Various States/Countries
                Foreign Intelligence
                U.S. Government/U.S Policies/Behavior, & Agencies (not U.S. citizens or CIA/FBI)
                CIA/FBI
                Other (Enter "1", if applicable, and include response(s) in addendum)
Added coding:   Bin Laden - Unsure
Added coding:   Bin Laden Followers
Added coding:   Other Group (Enter "1", if applicable, and include response(s) in addendum)
Added coding:   Unsure


Coding:         0 = Not Stated/Not Applicable (No response given or none applicable to the column)
                1 = Stated/Applicable (Regardless of how many entries apply to the column)




                                                  91
              BRIGHAM Q#50 (Although a prior Q50 exists, this is labeled “Brigham Q50”)
              “Now that we have finished asking about the September 11 attacks, the next few
              questions deal with events that may have happened since then.

              Has there been:

              a)   A major earthquake in the U.S.
              b)   Another plane crash in the U.S.
              c)   A major train crash in the U.S.
              d)   A plane crash in Europe
              e)   A nuclear attack on the U.S.
              f)   A biological attack in the U.S.
              g)   A chemical attack in the U.S.
              h)   U.S. bombing in Pakistan
              i)   U.S. bombing in Iran
              j)   U.s. bombing in Afghanistan
              k)   U.S. humanitarian drops in Pakistan
              l)   U.S. humanitarian drops in Afghanistan
              m)   Coalition forces take control of Afghan capital
              n)   Coalition forces lose control of Afghan capital
              o)   Pentagon confirms Osama bin Laden killed
              p)   Pentagon confirms Osama bin laden captured”

              Overview:
              Each above-listed entry has its own respective column (Columns 303-318).


Columns 303-318
Heading:     “Brigham Q#50 – Other Prospective Events”

Coding:       0 = Not Stated/Don’t Know/Unsure
              1 = Yes (Include: “Possible”, “Maybe”, etc., implying inclination towards positive reply)
              2 = No




                                                  92

								
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