By Amy Meyer
• Cheerleading is a SPORT that uses
organized routines that range from 1
to 3 minutes.
• The routines normally include
tumbling, dance, cheers, jumps, and
• The sport originates in the US.
• It remains predominately an American
• 1898 Johnny Campbell, a Minnesota
male student, became the very first
• The first cheer squad was a group of
6 male students at Minnesota called
• Cheerleading was an all male sport
from 1898 to 1923.
• Once girls started cheerleading
gymnastics, tumbling, and mega phones
• Now, 97% of overall cheerleaders are
female, but 50%of cheerleaders at the
collegiate level are male.
• In 1948, Lawrence “Herkie” Herkimer,
former cheerleader, made the NCA
for cheerleading clinics.
• In 1949, the first NCA clinic only has
52 girls attend.
• “Herkie” founded Cheerleader and
Danz Team Uniforms Supply Co. He
also invented the herkie and the spirit
• By the 60s, college cheer squads began to
do workshops to help the high school
• In 1965, Fred Gastoff invented the vinyl
pom-pon, and introduced it at the WCA.
• Competitions really started up with the
ranking of the “Top 10 College
Cheerleading Squads” and “Cheerleader
All America”, which were awards given
out by the WCA.
• NFL teams began to get
• The Indianapolis Colts were
the first NFL team to had a
• Dallas Cowboys gained
spotlight with their revealing
outfits and dance moves from
1972 to 1973.
• They were first widely seen at
the 1976 Super Bowl.
• By the 80s, more modern and difficult
stunts and gymnastics were incorporated.
• The First ESPN broadcast of the National
High School Cheerleading Competition
nation wide in 1983.
• AACCA started making universal safety
standards to decrease the number of
injuries and prevent dangerous stunts, etc.
• Today cheerleading is closely related with
American football and basketball.
• Other sports such as ice hockey,
volleyball, baseball, and wrestling,
sometimes sponsor cheerleading squads.
• In 2007, the ICC Twenty20 Cricket World
Cup in South Africa was the first
international cricket event to have
• The Florida Marlins were the
first MLB team to have
• In 2003, the Marlins Mermaids
gained national exposure and
influenced other MLB teams
to have cheer/ dance teams.
School- Sponsored Squads
• These squads are used to promote
school spirit and motivate players and
• They may compete outside of sporting
• Their main task is to cheer for
sporting events and encourage
• It is also becoming an all-year sport.
Middle School Cheerleading
• Middle school cheerleading started shortly
after high school cheerleading.
• They serve the same functions as high
school cheerleaders. They also follow the
same rules and regulations as the high
• They cheer at football and basketball
games. They also perform at pep rallies.
• Compete in local competitions and can go
all the way to nationals.
• It is a two season sport.
High School Cheerleading
• They have two squads per school. (JV &
• They have two aspects, competition and
• The spirit aspect includes cheering,
supporting, and “pumping up” the crowd at
football and basketball games, and even
• The competition aspect makes cheerleading
its own sport.
• High school cheerleaders also perform at pep
• Most colleges and universities have a
• Most are coed.
• They can perform more difficult stunts.
• Most squads don’t compete, but some do
• The top 6 collegiate cheerleading teams are
University of Kentucky, University of
Louisville, Morehead State University,
University of Central Florida, University of
Alabama, and Stephen F. Austin University.
All Star Cheerleading
• In the early 80s, squads with competition as
their main objective began.
• The 1st All Star squad was the Q94 Rockers
from Richmond, Virginia, founded in 1982 by
• All Star squads competing in 1987 were in
the same division as squads from schools
and sports leagues.
• In 1986, NCA made a separate division for
the All Star cheerleaders.
All Star Cheerleading
• The rules were expanded for All Star
cheerleading when unqualified coaches and
inexperienced squads tried dangerous
• The USASF was founded in 2003, it was
created to act as the national governing
body and to make a standard set of rules
and judging standards for the All Star
All Star Cheerleading
• The USASF hosted their first Cheerleading
Worlds on Saturday, April 24, 2004.
• By 2006 the USASF expanded to create the
International All Star Federation (IASF).
• All cheerleaders are placed in divisions,
which are grouped based by age, team size,
gender, and ability.
• Age levels go from 4 to 18 and older.
• Divisions: Tiny, Mini, Youth, Junior, Junior
International, Junior Coed, Senior, Senior
Coed, Open International, and Open.
• The Worlds are always held in Disney World.
• It is the biggest competition in All Star
• Only level 5 cheerleading and dance teams
• You have to be invited.
• You compete again teams from all over the
• JORDON’S TEAM RANKED 5TH IN THE
WORLD IN 2008!!!
• There are only a few pro leagues around
• They are all women.
• They are trained as gymnasts and
• Cheer for football, basketball. Rugby
league, soccer, baseball, wrestling, or
• The pro leagues include NBA, NFL, and
Types of Jumps
• X jump • Pike
• Pencil • Around the
• Toe- Touch World
• Tuck • Herkie
• Hurdler • Double Jump
• Power Jump
Types of Stunts
• Paula Abdul- LA Lakers, Van Nuys High School
• Christina Aguilera- N. Allegheny Intermediate High
• George W. Bush- Phillips Academy
• Cameron Diaz- Long Beach Polytechnic High
• Brooke Hogan- Clearwater Central Catholic
• Blake Lively- Burbank High School
• Madonna- Rochester Adams High School
• FDR- Harvard
• Jessica Simpson- Richardson North Junior High
• Reese Witherspoon- Montgomery Bell Academy