THE STRUCTURE OF THE NATIONAL CURRICULUM The National Curriculum applies to pupils of compulsory school age. It is organised on the basis of a Foundation Stage and four Key Stages. Within the Key Stages pupils are divided into year groups. FOUNDATION STAGE (3-5 years). Areas of learning: personal, social and emotional well-being; positive attitudes toward learning; social skills; attention skills; language and communication, reading and writing; mathematics; knowledge and understanding of the world; physical development and creative development. KEY STAGES 1 - 4 Key Stage 4 Post- Key Stage 1 Key Stage 2 Key Stage 3 and GCSE compulsory Age Range 5-7 7-11 11-14 14-16 16-19 Year Groups 1-2 3-6 7-9 10-11 12-13 = must be available, not = statutory Subjects compulsory The Post- English compulsory Mathematics phase includes Science school sixth Design & Technology forms and ICT colleges of History further education and is Geography not a statutory Modern Foreign part of the Languages national Art & Design curriculum. Music Physical Education However, the Religious Education 14-19 age range Citizenship is increasingly Careers Education being regarded Sex Education as a single phase because Work-related Learning of the Personal, Social & importance of Health Education. pupils remaining Education for Cross-curricular themes to be promoted within the teaching in full-time Sustainable of the National Curriculum education Development beyond age 16. Enterprise & Entrepreneurial Skills Note 1. Pupils in a nursery, reception or Year 1 class are widely referred to as Early Years. 2. Pupils normally study for GCSE during Key Stage 4. The government has introduced GCSEs with a vocational element that can be delivered in land based or FE colleges as well as schools. Students attend college for set times during the week in order to study these courses. Applied Science and Leisure & Tourism are offered. 3. Post 16 students may chose from a variety of qualifications: AS and A levels; General National Vocational Qualifications (GNVQs); National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs); Advanced Vocational Certificate of Education (AVCEs).
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