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City of Birmingham Recreation Master Plan

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					    City of Birmingham
    Recreation Master Plan
    2000-2005
    City Commission
    Russell Dixon, Mayor
    Chuck Moss, Mayor Pro Tem
    Seth Chafetz, Commissioner
    Robert A. DeLaura, Commissioner
    Dante J. Lanzetta, Jr., Commissioner
    Dianne McKeon, Commissioner
    Mike Wooley, Commissioner

    City Administration
    Thomas M. Markus, City Manager
    Dennis Dembiec, Director of Engineering and Public Services
    Robert J. Fox, Assistant Director of Public Services
    Connie J. Folk, Recreation Coordinator

    Parks and Recreation Board
    Matthew Kurth, Chair
    Ann McBride, Vice Chair
    Jane L. Folk
    Doris Mosher
    Richard Purnell
    Art Stevens
    Bill Wiebrecht
    Sarah Elson, Student Representative
    Eve Share, Student Representative

    Recreation Master Plan Advisory Committee
    Ann McBride, Parks and Recreation Board
    Art Stevens, Parks and Recreation Board
    Robert J. Fox, Asst. Director of Public Services
    Connie J. Folk, Recreation Coordinator



    Public Hearing:                   June 26, 2000
    Adopted by City Commission:       June 26, 2000
    Printed:                          July 2000




1   Assistance provided by:   Wade-Trim
    Table of Contents
    1.0       Planning Process ................................................. 3

    2.0       Community Description ...................................... 8

    3.0       Recreation Inventory ......................................... 20

    4.0       Administrative Structure ................................... 34

    5.0       Basis For Action ................................................ 42

    6.0       Action Program ................................................. 59

    Appendix A.................................................................. 74
      City-Owned Property Map

    Appendix B .................................................................. 75
      News Articles
      Public Media

    Appendix C.................................................................. 76
      Community Forum Results

    Appendix D ................................................................. 80
      Possible Funding Sources

    Appendix E .................................................................. 84
      Resolutions of Adoption
      Letters of Transmittal to Oakland County, SEMCOG and MDNR
      Certification Checklist

    Maps                                                                            Follows Page
      Distribution of Disabled Population by Census Tract ......................... 14
      Distribution of Income by Census Tract ............................................. 15
      Generalized Existing Land Use .......................................................... 17
      Natural Features ................................................................................. 18
      Recreation Inventory .......................................................................... 26
      Active Recreation ............................................................................... 47
      Passive Recreation ............................................................................. 47
      Neighborhood Associations ................................................................ 51
      Capital Improvement Locations ......................................................... 73
      City-Owned Property .......................................................................... 74


2
       1.0
    Planning Process
    Plan Development Process
    The City of Birmingham began the development of a city-wide Recreation
    Master Plan in the fall of 1999 with the hiring of a private consulting firm to
    assist them with the planning process. The process is graphically depicted on
    the following page. A project initiation meeting was held between the
    Department of Engineering and Public Services staff and consultants to
    finalize the project components and timeline. The planning process was
    discussed as was the need to create a Recreation Advisory Committee to
    dedicate time and oversee the timely creation of a Master Plan.

    Background Studies
    The necessary data to begin the formulation of the background studies for the
    plan were collected from various sources including the City of Birmingham,
    SEMCOG, US Census Bureau, MDOT, Birmingham Public School District, US
    Soil Conservation Service, and field observations. Generalized land use
    patterns and natural features locations were obtained through Michigan
    Resource Information System (MIRIS) data.

    The Community Description includes an analysis of the social and physical
    characteristics of the community including population, age, income, disability
    status, race/ethnicity, households and school enrollment. Existing land use
    patterns and natural features are identified and mapped within Birmingham.

    An inventory of the recreation facilities within Birmingham was completed in
    January 2000 through field observation and site visits. The location of each of
    the parks, and public and private schools were described and mapped. The
    Recreation Inventory portion of the plan also discusses the various programs,
    activities and events which are offered throughout the city. This information
    was gathered directly from staff. Information was also gathered from Oakland
    County regarding their recreation programs and facilities to establish opportu-
    nities outside of Birmingham. The barrier-free status of the city facilities and
    programs was also inventoried and described.

    The Administrative Structure portion of the document describes how recre-
    ation is governed and operated within the city. This includes information
    gathered from the city outlining staff responsibilities, the function of the Parks
    and Recreation Board and the city’s relationship with the public school
    district.

    The Community Description (social and physical characteristics), Recreation
    Inventory and Administrative Structure were presented to the Advisory
    Committee in December and January for review and revisions.

    Basis For Action
    The Basis For Action portion of the document analyzes factors inside and
    outside of the city that may have an affect on the direction of recreation over
    the next five years. This portion of the plan provides the rationale for the
    goals, guidelines and recommended capital improvements. Several factors
    were analyzed including current recreation trends, comparison of city parks
    to acreage and facility standards, service area gaps, existing plans and reports,
3
Recreation Master Plan Process

                            Project Initiation Meeting                           Nov 1999


     Background Studies                                                          Nov 1999
      Social Characteristics                               Recreation Advisory
      Physical Characteristics
                                                           Committee Formed      Dec 1999
      Recreation Inventory
      Administrative Structure
                                                                                 Jan 2000

                                 Basis For Action
                                  Recreation Trends
                                  Published Standards
                                                                                 Feb 2000
                                  Use/Participation Data
                                  Public Input


                                                                                 March 2000
              Community Forum                   Community Forum
                   #1                                #2                          March 2000

                                   Action Plan                                   April 2000
                                      Capital Improvements
                                        Schedule
                                      Funding Sources                            May 2000

                                   Public Hearing
                                                                                 June 2000

                         Recommendations to Parks
                         Board and City Commission                               June 2000

                                                       City Commission
     Parks and Recreation Board
               Adopts                                       Adopts               June 2000
           Recreation Plan                             Recreation Plan


                             Adopted Plan sent to
                             4
                             MDNR for approval
                                                                                 July 2000
    participation data and results of community and staff input. The draft Basis
    For Action was presented to the Advisory Committee for their review in
    February 2000.

    Action Program
    The Action Program details the direction which the City of Birmingham
    wishes to take over the next five years in order to maintain and improve the
    quality and diversity of recreation opportunities within the community. The
    Action Program includes recreation goals, guidelines and capital improve-
    ments for the next five years. It also includes design and implementation
    methods to address barrier-free issues within the city. The committee drafted
    and finalized the recommended action program in April and May 2000.

    Key Persons Involved
    Several people were involved in the nine-month creation of the Birmingham
    Recreation Master Plan.

    Recreation Advisory Committee
    The Recreation Advisory Committee was established at the start of the process
    and consisted of:

    Ann McBride, Parks and Recreation Board
    Art Stevens, Parks and Recreation Board
    Robert J. Fox, Asst. Director of Public Services
    Connie J. Folk, Recreation Coordinator

    The committee was essential in providing data, review, comment and direc-
    tion for the draft master plan and recommending a final document to both the
    Parks and Recreation Board and City Commission. The committee met on a
    monthly basis from November 1999 through June 2000. Committee members
    also attended the community forums, roundtables, public hearing and City
    Commission (adoption) meeting associated with the project.

    Parks and Recreation Board
    As is detailed above, the Advisory Committee included two members of the
    Parks and Recreation Board. These members served as liaisons between the
    committee and board and relayed status and comments between the two
    entities. The Parks and Recreation Board reviewed and recommended
    adoption of the Birmingham Recreation Master Plan at a special meeting on
    June 8, 2000.

    City Commission
    The City Commission was presented a brief review of the planning process
    and status of the project in January 2000. City Commission members were
    also updated monthly as to the progress of the committee through staff notes.
    Several City Commission members attended and participated in both commu-
    nity forums held in conjunction with this project. The City Commission held
    a public hearing for the Recreation Master Plan on June 26, 2000 and also
    officially adopted the plan by resolution on July 26, 2000.
5
    Public Involvement Process
    The public involvement process in the creation of the Recreation Master
    Plan was extensive. The city believed public input was essential in order to
    adopt a strong plan which responds to the needs of the community. Several
    public input sessions were held and advertised throughout the project.

    City Commission Presentation
    The recreation planning process and MDNR requirements were presented to
    the City Commission at a worksession in January 2000. This not only pro-
    vided an overview of the project to the commission but also to the attending
    general public.

    Homeowners Association Roundtable
    The City of Birmingham regularly holds roundtable sessions for Homeowners
    Association Presidents. The Mayor and Mayor Pro Tem attended the February
    meeting which was dedicated solely to discussion of recreation-related issues
    and needs. Association Presidents were notified of the agenda prior to the
    meeting (See Appendix B). The meeting was well attended and vital informa-
    tion was gathered through open discussions between staff, consultants and
    residents.

    Parks and Recreation Board Meeting--February
    The entire Advisory Committee attended the February Parks and Recreation
    Board Meeting to provide an update of the Master Plan project. The Assistant
    Superintendent of the Birmingham Public School District was also in atten-
    dance to distribute and discuss the recently completed School District Out-
    door Facility Master Plan. The meeting was published and open to the
    general public. Ideas and issues were discussed at the meeting between the
    school district, Advisory Committee and Board members.

    Community Forums
    To gain input from the “general public” regarding recreation in Birmingham,
    two community forums were held over a two week period in March. Several
    forms of communication were used in the attempts to notify as many residents
    as possible. This included posters at the ice arena, city hall and DPS build-
    ing, the city web site, two newspaper articles, local cable television, letters to
    Homeowner’s Association Presidents and word of mouth through Department
    employees and advisory committee members. The forums were held at the
    Baldwin Public Library on:

    • Community Forum #1
      March 16, 2000
    • Community Forum #2
      March 29, 2000

    The agendas, methods and results of the forums are detailed within the body
    of the text of this document. The forums were invaluable in providing
    information not only at the community-wide level but at the neighborhood
    level as well.
6
    Public Hearing
    The City Commission held a public hearing on the draft plan on June 26,
    2000. The hearing was officially announced in the local Eccentric newspa-
    per on June 18, 2000. The legal notice of the hearing included the purpose of
    the plan, announcement of the hearing date, time and location as well as
    four locations within the City of Birmingham where residents could view the
    draft Master Plan document prior to the hearing. The public hearing was
    held before the City Commission at their regularly scheuduled meeting on
    June 26, 2000. The plan was formally presented to the Commission and
    public with a brief overview of the process and recommendations. The City
    Commission then made comments on the plan and officially opened the
    hearing for public comment. Public was able to make comment on the plan
    prior to the Mayor closing the hearing and asking for closing comments from
    Commissioners. The plan was then adopted by resolution by the City Com-
    mission (See Appendix E).




7
                                                    2.0
                                                 Community Description
                                                 The City of Birmingham is located in southeast Oakland County and is
                                                 bordered by five communities including: Bloomfield Hills, Bloomfield
                                                 Township, Beverly Hills, Royal Oak and Troy. Birmingham is a densely
                                                 urbanized community encompassing a 4.73 square mile area and in 1999
                                                 containing an estimated 20,003 people (4,229 persons per square mile). The
                                                 area has a long history dating from 1819 and became a city in 1933.

                                                 The City of Birmingham is centrally located approximately half way between
                                                 the City of Detroit and City of Pontiac, with Woodward Avenue traversing
                                                 approximately two miles within the city in a southeast to northwest direction,
                                                 from 14 Mile Road to 16 Mile Road. The city is fairly accessible within
                                                 Metropolitan Detroit via 3 major routes: US-24 approximately 1.75 miles to
                                                 the west, I-696 4 miles to the south of the city and I-75 approximately 4 miles
                                                 to the east of the city limits.

                                                 In order to appropriately and adequately plan for recreation within a commu-
                                                 nity, it is necessary to initially establish a clear picture of the community and
                                                 its surroundings. To have an understanding of the City of Birmingham, both
                                                 social and physical characteristics are gathered, analyzed and presented.

                                                 Social Characteristics
                                                 It is essential to be aware of such characteristics as the population trends of
                                                 the area. The age of the population is also important in recreation planning
                                                 due to the differing needs of each age cohort. If a community is aging or has
                                                 become a destination for retirees or empty-nesters, there may be a need to
                                                 plan for additional senior programs and activities and ensure adequate
                                                 accessibility to those facilities and programs. The disability status of the
                                                 population is pertinent in determining areas within the city which house more
“Play is the child’s way of learning. It is      of the disabled population. Social characteristics such as employment trends,
an intricate, intimate process which helps       household sizes, incomes, race/ethnicity and gender are also considered and
                                                 presented within the following text.
children develop and become socialized.”
                    ---Play For All Guidelines
                                                 Population
                                                 Population data from 1970 through 1999 was gathered to establish the trends
                                                 in population growth and decline within the City of Birmingham as well as
                                                 surrounding communities, the county and the state as a whole.

                                                 Oakland County is the third fastest growing county in southeast Michigan
                                                 (12.1% since 1990) behind Livingston and St. Clair Counties. As the follow-
                                                 ing table of 12 Oakland County communities indicates, with the exception of
                                                 Troy, Oakland County communities in the general area of Birmingham grew
                                                 at a slower pace than the county as a whole. The City of Troy grew at the
                                                 fastest pace, by over 12% from 1990 to 1999. Franklin grew at the second
                                                 fastest pace by over 9.0% during the same period. None of the twelve area
                                                 communities have experienced a dramatic decrease in population, with
                                                 Beverly Hills having decreased by the greatest percentage at 1.4% or 152
                                                 persons.

                                                 The population of the City of Birmingham peaked in 1970 with 26,170
                                                 people living within the limits. The city faced its largest population decline
                                            8    from 1970 to 1980 of over 17%. The number of residents continued to
    Population Trends 1970 to 1999
     Place                             1970              1980 ’70 to ‘80       1990       ’80 to ‘90   Jul-99   ’90 to ‘99
                                                              % change                    % change              % change
     City of Birmingham               26,170        21,689      -17.1%        19,997       -7.8%    20,003       0.0%
     Bloomfield Hills                  3,672         3,985        8.5%         4,288        7.6%     4,437       3.5%
     Bloomfield Twp                   42,788        42,876        0.2%        42,473       -0.9%    44,166       4.0%
     Franklin                          3,330         2,864      -14.0%         2,626       -8.3%     2,868       9.2%
     Bingham Farms                                     529                     1,001       89.2%     1,020       1.9%
     Beverly Hills                    13,573        11,598      -14.6%        10,610       -8.5%    10,458      -1.4%
     Lathrup Village                   1,429         4,639      224.6%         4,329       -6.7%     4,312      -0.4%
     Berkley City                     22,618        18,637      -17.6%        16,960       -9.0%    16,771      -1.1%
     Huntington Woods                  8,204         6,937      -15.4%         6,419       -7.5%     6,308      -1.7%
     Royal Oak                        85,718        70,893      -17.3%        65,410       -7.7%    64,712      -1.1%
     Clawson                          17,617        15,103      -14.3%        13,874       -8.1%    13,764      -0.8%
     Troy                             39,414        67,102       70.2%        72,884        8.6%    81,597      12.0%
     Oakland County                  907,871     1,011,793       11.4%     1,083,592        7.1% 1,214,485      12.1%
     Michigan                      8,875,083     9,262,078        4.4%     9,295,297        0.4%        NA         NA

     Source: 1990 Census Community Profiles, Volume 1.
              1970 Census of Population: Number of Inhabitants
              July 1999 SEMCOG Population Estimates

    decline, but at a slower pace, from 1980 to 1990 and stabilized and slightly
    increased in the nineties.

    In 1990, Birmingham had a population of 19,997, with 9,454 (47.3%) males
    and 10,543 (52.7%) females.

    The table below illustrates population projections from various sources for the
    City of Birmingham, Oakland County and the State of Michigan. The
    SEMCOG population projections were completed in the early to mid-90’s and
    based on the 1990 actual census count (it should be noted that these esti-
    mates have not been revisited since SEMCOG has updated the yearly popula-
    tion estimates). SEMCOG has projected the Birmingham population to

    Population Projections 2005
     Place                                 1990                1995            2000             2005       % Change
                                                                                                           ’90 to ‘05
     City of Birmingham                  19,997
        SEMCOG                                               20,147           20,204          20,135        0.7%
     Oakland County                  1,083,592
        SEMCOG                                            1,150,872        1,192,164 1,232,182            13.7%
        Woods & Poole                                     1,150,760        1,195,810 1,236,530            14.1%
        MDOT                                              1,160,805        1,233,196 1,300,962            20.1%
     Michigan                        9,295,297
        Woods & Poole                                                      9,769,810 9,974,690              7.3%
        MDOT                                              9,578,714        9,747,910 9,914,855              6.7%
     Source: 1990 US Census
             SEMCOG: 2020 Regional Economic and Population Forecast
             MDOT Economic and Demographic Outlook for the US and Counties of Michigan.
             Woods & Poole, 1998 State Profile
9
     remain relatively stable, increasing only slightly from 1990 to 2005.

     Population projections for the county and state were collected from two
     additional resources including the Michigan Department of Transportation
     (MDOT), whose projections are generated using an employment and transpor-
     tation model and Woods & Poole Economics, Inc., a private demographic and
     economic consulting firm that utilizes a regional projection technique which
     links counties together to capture regional flows.

     The three sources utilized for projections for Oakland County averaged a
     population increase of approximately 16.0% and ranged from 1.2 million to
     1.3 million people. Woods & Poole and MDOT projections were also
     gathered for the State of Michigan. Estimates varied by approximately 60,000
     people, averaging a 7.0% increase from 1990 to 2005.

     Households
     A trend occurring nation-wide and characteristic of today’s population, is the
     declining size of households. A household includes all the persons who
     occupy a housing unit. A housing unit is defined as a house, apartment, a
     mobile home, a group of rooms, or a single room that is occupied as a
     separate living quarter.

     There are several factors which demographers have linked to the declining
     size of households. People are marrying at a later age than a generation ago,
     postponing having children, and having fewer children when they do start a
     family. Nation-wide, married couple families still comprise the largest group
     of households, but the number of single parent (male or female headed)
     households is increasing and expected to grow, contributing to the decline in
     average household size.

     This nation-wide trend can be seen on a micro scale when examining the
     number of households and person per household projections generated by
     SEMCOG.

     While the population is
                                   SEMCOG Population, Households
     estimated to continue to      and Persons Per Household Projections
     slightly decrease through     City of Birmingham
     2005, the number of                                           1995 2000                           2005
     households is expected to
     increase. This combina-        Population                   20,147 20,204                       20,135
     tion drives the persons per    Households                     9307 9383                           9514
     household projections          Persons per
     down from 2.16 in 1995 to
     an estimated 2.12 in 2005.        Household                     2.16            2.15              2.12
                                    Source: SEMCOG: 2020 Regional Economic and Population Forecast
     Age
     Understanding the age distribution of a community’s population is essential
     when considering future acquisitions and/or improvements within the Recre-
     ation Department and recreation programming and facilities. An increasingly
     elderly population, as many communities across the nation are experiencing,
     may require improvements at a senior center or additional senior program-
10   ming such as bingo, dancing, and cards. This may also indicate an immedi-
     Age Distribution 1980 and 1990                      ate need to evaluate handicapped
     City of Birmingham                                  accessibility issues at facilities to
                                                         ensure all persons have the oppor-
                       1980           1990 % Change      tunity to fully participate in
      Age                                   ’80 to ‘90   recreation.
      Under 5 1,153                   1,238 7.4%         As is detailed in the following
      5-9     1,264                     886 -29.9%       chart, the total population in
                                                         Birmingham decreased by nearly
      10-14   1,548                   1,091 -29.5%       8.0% from 1980 to 1990. As is the
      15-19   1,607                     969 -39.7%       national trend, the population in
                                                         Birmingham is aging with a
      20-29   3,455                   2,708 -21.6%       median age in 1980 of 34.2 years
      30-39   3,682                   3,887 5.6%         and 37.4 in 1990. Each age group
                                                         experienced a decrease from 1980
      40-49   2,331                   3,340 43.3%        to 1990 with three exceptions,
      50-59   2,703                   1,913 -29.2%       those under the age of 5, those
                                                         between the ages of 30-49 and
      60-64   1,134                   1,072 -5.5%        those over the age of 65. The age
      Over 65 2,812                   2,893 2.9%         group which had the most dra-
                                                         matic percentage increase are
      Total  21,689                  19,997 -7.8%        those people between 40 and 49
      Median   34.2                    37.4              years old (43.3%). Those people
                                                         between the ages of 5 and 29
      Source: 1980 and 1990 US Census of Population
                                                         decreased significantly.

     School Enrollment
     Data was collected from the Birmingham Public School District regarding
     school enrollment. The Birmingham Public School District serves students in
     Birmingham, Beverly Hills, Bingham Farms, Franklin and parts of six other
     communities. The district has 13 schools: eight elementary, two middle
     schools, two high schools and unique school of choice with a science and
     technology focus for grades 3 through 8. There are two elementary schools, a
     middle school and a high school within the Birmingham city limits. School
                                                     enrollment for the district has
      Birmingham Public Schools Enrollment           fluctuated over the past three
                                                     years between 9,530 (1999)
                         1997            1998  1999  students and 9,664 (1998)
       K-5               3,659           3,645 3,554 students. In 1999, 1,968 of the
       6-8               1,731           1,786 1,758 students were residents of the
       9-12              2,196           2,235 2,219 City of Birmingham. Thirty-
       Total             9,583           9,664 9,530 seven percent of the students
       Source: Birmingham Public Schools             within the district were enrolled
                                                     in the elementary schools.

     The table on the following page details the 1999 school enrollment by grade
     and by school. Pierce Elementary School, located within the City of Birming-
     ham has the second largest number of students (2nd to West Maple) with 607
     and the largest number of kindergartners (129). Derby (within Birmingham)
     and Berkshire Middle Schools have similar enrollments with 724 and 769
     students respectively. In 1999, Seaholm High School had slightly fewer
     students than Grove High School at 1,011 and 1,208 respectively.
11
                                                                                                  School Enrollment by Grade: 1999
                               K        1        2        3        4        5        6        7       8      9   10    11    12 Spec Ed Total

Beverly                       54        45       56        31         68     61                                                      14  329
Bingham Farms                 61        60       64        50         52     44                                                          331
Greenfield                    52        54       48        41         45     48                                                          288
Harlan                        63        63       54        58         59     66                                                      30 393
Midvale                                                                                                                              29 29
Pierce                        129 102 92 95                           100    89                                                          607
Quarton                       60 60 79 48                             59     64                                                          370
West Maple                    87 108 122 95                           84     112                                                     10 618
BCS (3-5)                                 96                          98     98                                                      2   294
Pembroke                      38 57 35 43                             38     61                                                      23 295
  Subtotal (K-5)              544 549 550 557                         603    643                                                     108 3,554

BCS (6-8)                                                                             99        82     84                                 265
Berkshire                                                                             233       263    263                           10   769
Derby                                                                                 240       240    230                           14   724
  Subtotal (6-8)                                                                      572       585    577                                1,734

Groves                                                                                                       339 282 261 285 41           1,208
Seaholm                                                                                                      259 248 223 246 35           1,011
  Subtotal (9-12)                                                                                            598 530 484 531 76           2,219

Total                          544 549 550 557 603 643 572 585 577 598 530 484 531 184 7,507
Source: Birmingham Public Schools Enrollment Data 1997, 1998, 1999.


                                         Race/Ethnicity
                                         As is illustrated in the table below, the racial composition of the City of
                                         Birmingham was predominantly white in 1990 with 98.7% of the population
                                         responding as such, a decrease of 0.2% from 1980. The remaining popula-
                                         tion responded as either Black or Asian/Pacific Islander. The city is not as
                                         racially diverse as the county, which reported an 89.6% White population
                                         while the State of Michigan reported an 83.4% White population, both
                                         decreasing from 1980.

                                          Race of Population
                                            Race                                   Birmingham                 Oakland Co        Michigan
                                                                                  1980    1990                1980 1990        1980 1990
                                                                                    % of Total                 % of Total       % of Total
                                            White                  98.9% 98.7%                                93.2% 89.6%       85.2% 83.4%
                                            Black                   0.2% 0.5%                                  4.7% 7.2%        13.0% 13.9%
                                            Amer Ind/Esk/Aleut      0.1% 0.0%                                  0.3% 0.4%         0.5% 0.6%
                                            Asian/Pacific Islander 0.8%    0.8%                                1.3% 2.3%         0.7% 1.1%
                                            Other                   0.0% 0.0%                                  0.5% 0.5%         0.6% 1.0%
                                            Total                 100.0% 100.0%                              100.0% 100.0%     100.0% 100.0%
                                            Source: 1980 US Census of Population: Tables 58 and 59
                                                    1990 US Census of Population: Tables 5 and 6
                              12
     Persons with Disabilities
     The disability status of a population is especially significant when considering
     recreation needs for the city. Disabled people may have difficulty participat-
     ing in recreational programs, utilizing facilities, or even getting to designated
     public areas. Understanding the disability status of Birmingham’s population
     may assist decision-makers in determining adequate programs and appropri-
     ate locations for recreational activities. Also, with the passage of the Ameri-
     cans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), all areas of public service and
     accommodation became subject to barrier-free requirements, including parks
     and recreation facilities and programs.1

     The table documents the extent of the city’s population which, as reported in
     the 1990 U.S. Census, was considered disabled, either with a mobility and/or
     a self-care limitation. The Census collects disability data for two major age
     groups: those between 16 and 64 years of age and those aged 65 or more.
     The first age group refers most commonly to the working age population, and
     the second to the senior and elderly population. In neither case are data
     recorded regarding the preschool and school age population who may be
     disabled.

     In 1990, there was a total of 16,551 persons (82.7% of the total population)
     who were 16 years or older, 4.6%, or 768 of which were faced with some
     degree of disability. Over 76% of the disabled population is over age 65, with
     the majority of them (52.5%) reporting a mobility limitation. Of the 179
     people between the ages of 16 and 64 years old who reported a disability, the
     majority (93 or 52%), reported having a self care limitation.



     Persons with Disabilities 1990
                                                          Number      % of   % of Disabled
                                                                    Age Group Population

         Population Aged 16 to 64 years                    13,658
               Mobility Limitation Only                        50     27.9%       6.5%
               Self Care Limitation Only                       93     52.0%      12.1%
               Mobility and Self Care Limitation               36     20.1%       4.6%
                      Sub-Total                               179    100.0%      23.3%
         Population Aged 65 and Over                        2,893
               Mobility Limitation Only                       309     52.5%      40.2%
               Self Care Limitation Only                      132     22.4%      17.1%
               Mobility and Self Care Limitation              148     25.1%      19.2%
                      Sub-Total                               589    100.0%      76.6%
         Total Disabled Population                            768                 100.0

         Total Population Age 16 and 0ver                             16,551
         Percent of Total Population Disabled                          4.6%
         Source: 1990 U.S. Census, Summary Tape File 3A
13



     1
         Guidelines for preparing a Community Recreation Plan, DNR 1/28/99
                                                   Additional conversations with the Birmingham Public School District were
                                                   conducted to identify disabled children within the community. The school
                                                   district establishes a count on December 1 of each year for those eligible for
                                                   specialized services. This includes people between the ages of 0 to 26 with
                                                   varying degrees of disabilities from minor speech problems to wheelchair
                                                   confinement. There are approximately 800 people who are declared eligible
                                                   for specialized services, about half of which are so designated due to speech
                                                   impediments. Of those 800, 65 people are sent out of the school district for
Census Tracts:                                     specialized attention and activities due to severe handicaps and disabilities.

Established by the US Census and are small,        The following map illustrates the percent of the total disabled population by
relatively permanent statistical subdivisions of   census tract within Birmingham. The data was gathered from the 1990 US
a community. Tracts are delineated for densely
populated areas and usually contain between        Census and is relative to those people over the age of 16 who have mobility
2,500 and 8,000 persons. Boundaries are            and/or self-care limitations. In 1990, there were 1,576 people over the age of
delineated with the intention of being             16 with mobility and/or self-care limitations, 27.3% (431) of which were
maintained over a long time so that statistical    located in Tract 1529 in the southeast portion of the city. The least amount,
comparisons can be made from census to
census.                                            12.1% (190) of the disabled population reside in the southwestern portion of
                                                   the city.
          --US Census Bureau
                                                   Income
                                                   Three measures of income (median household, median family and per capita)
                                                   were analyzed. It should be noted that income statistics for the 1990 Census
                                                   reflect information from the 1989 calendar year and are in 1989 dollars while
                                                   the information from the 1980 Census reflects the 1979 calendar year and are
                                                   in 1979 dollars.

                                                   Households are the basic consumer unit and supplier of labor to potential
                                                   businesses. A household represents all the persons (not necessarily related)
                                                   who occupy a housing unit and includes even those with one person living
                                                   alone. Median household income (that level of income at which half of all
                                                   households earn more and half of all households earn less) is a broad measure
                                                   of relative economic health of a community’s populace.

                                                   Because many households consist of only one person, the household income
                                                   figures are in most instances less than family income figures, as is the case in
                                                   Birmingham, Oakland County, and Michigan in 1980 and 1990. In compiling
                                                   family income data, the US Census included the incomes of all members 15
                                                   years old and over in each family. Per capita income figures represent
                                                   income per person.




                                                   Comparative Income Levels 1980 to 1990
                                                    Income Category                          1980                                            1990
                                                                                 Birmingham Oakland                     Mich     Birmingham Oakland    Mich
                                                                                            County                                          County
                                                    Median Household                $28,661           $25,323         $19,223     $57,573   $43,407   $31,020
                                                    Median Family                   $33,968           $28,803         $22,107     $70,549   $50,980   $36,652
                                                    Per Capita                      $14,608           $10,658           $7,688    $37,061   $21,125   $14,154
                                                    Source: 1980 US Census: Tables 71, 124 and 180; 1990 US Census: Table 9
                                             14
     In comparing all three measures of income in relation to the county and state,
     the City of Birmingham has considerably higher income levels across the
     board. In 1990, the income levels within the city were nearly 1.5 times those
     of the county and 2 times that of the state.

     In 1980, the income levels of the Birmingham population were also greater
     than those of the county and state, but were much more closely related.
     Since 1980, income levels in Birmingham have dramatically increased in
     relation to the county and state. Per capita income of individuals in Birming-
     ham was nearly 2 times that of the State in 1980 and more than 2.5 times that
     of the State of Michigan in 1990.

                                                   Data was also gathered for 1990
      1990 Median Household Income                 Median Household Income levels
      by Census Tract                              by Census Tract in the City of
                                                   Birmingham. As is depicted on the
      Tract                 Median Income          following map, the western portion
      1525 (pt.)            $55,894                of the city had the highest median
      1526                  $86,358                income levels in 1990. Census tract
      1527 (pt.)            $83,607                1526 had the highest median
      1528                  $50,870                household income at $86,358
      1529                  $44,905                followed by tract 1527 with
                                                   $83,607.
      Source: 1990 US Census STF 3A
                                                 This economic well-being of the
                                                 community is also reflected in low
     unemployment rates. Unemployment rates for the city, county, state and
     nation were gathered and compared from 1997 through 1999. The entire
     nation has experienced increasingly lower unemployment rates each year
     since 1997, with a 1999 unemployment rate of 4.4%. The same has occurred
     at the county and local levels with the City of Birmingham having a compara-
     tively low unemployment rate of 1.6% in 1999.

       Unemployment Rates 1997 to 1999
                                 1997 1998       1999

       City of Birmingham**      1.9      1.9     1.6
       Oakland County**          3.4      3.3     2.8
       Michigan                  4.2      3.9     3.6*
       United States             4.9      4.5     4.4

       Source: Michigan Department of Career Development,
               Employment Service Agency
       * December 1999
       **July


     Employment Trends
     This section analyzes the employment trends within the City of Birmingham
     in terms of industry. Information on industry relates to the kind of business
     conducted by a person’s employing organization. Understanding the compo-
     sition of the workforce in a community assists in assessing how a community
     may be impacted in changes of the economy and employment trends.
15
                                         The table details employment by industry of the City of Birmingham residents
                                         in 1980 and 1990. In 1980, the retail trade industry employed the greatest
                                         number of people (1,801), while in 1990, the professional services industry
                                         employed the greatest number of people at 1,562. The professional services
                                         industry increased by the greatest number of employees, 456, from 1980
                                         when it was the number four employer with 1,106 people to 1990 when it
                                         was the number one employer with 1,562 people. The retail trade industry
                                         experienced the greatest decline in the number of people employed from
Top 5 Employing Industries               1,801 in 1980 when it was the number one employer, to 1,368 in 1990 when
                                         it dropped to the number 3 employer.
City of Birmingham Residents 1980
                                         The two industries which experienced the greatest percentage increase from
                                         1980 to 1990 were the agriculture, forestry, fisheries and mining industry
1. Retail Trade                          which increased by 75.8% from 33 persons to 58 and the construction
2. Manufacturing of Durable Goods        industry which increased by 62.6% from 289 in 1980 to 470 persons in 1990.
                                         The personal services and retail trade industries experienced the greatest
3. Educational Services                  percentage decrease from 1980 to 1990, 38.6% and 24% respectively.
4. Other Professional Services
                                         It should be noted that the number of people employed in the entertainment/
5. Finance/Insurance/Real Estate         recreational services industry increased from 219 in 1980 to 251 in 1990.



                                         Employment by Selected Industry
                                          Industry                                          1980                           1990        Change 1980-1990
                                                                                        Number Percent                 Number Percent Number     Percent
                                                                                               of Total                       of Total           of Total


                                          Ag/Forestry/Fisheries/Mining                      33           0.3%              58 0.5%                   25    75.8%
                                          Construction                                     289           2.6%             470 4.1%                  181    62.6%
                                          Man, Nondurable Goods                            337           3.1%             411 3.6%                   74    22.0%
                                          Man, Durable Goods                             1,761          15.9%           1,467 12.9%               (294)   -16.7%
                                          Transportation                                   198           1.8%             229 2.0%                   31    15.7%
Top 5 Employing Industries                Comm/Public Utilities                            212           1.9%             193 1.7%                 (19)    -9.0%
City of Birmingham Residents 1990         Wholesale Trade                                  736           6.7%             620 5.4%                (116)   -15.8%
                                          Retail Trade                                   1,801          16.3%           1,368 12.0%               (433)   -24.0%
1. Other Professional Services            Fin/Insurance/Real Estate                      1,022           9.3%           1,316 11.6%                 294    28.8%
                                          Business/Repair Services                         767           6.9%             958 8.4%                  191    24.9%
2. Manufacturing of Durable Goods
                                          Personal Services                                316           2.9%             194 1.7%                (122)   -38.6%
3. Retail Trade                           Entertain/Recreation Services                    219           2.0%             251 2.2%                   32    14.6%
4. Finance/Insurance/Real Estate          Health Services                                  821           7.4%           1,093 9.6%                  272    33.1%
5. Health Services                        Educational Services                           1,176          10.7%             965 8.5%                (211)   -17.9%
                                          Other Professional Services                    1,106          10.0%           1,562 13.7%                 456    41.2%
                                          Public Administration                            248           2.2%             225 2.0%                 (23)    -9.3%
                                          Total Employed Persons
                                                 16 Years and Over                     11,042         100.0%          11,380 100.0%                338     3.1%
                                          Source: 1980 U. S. Census, Table 122 and SEMCOG 1990 Census Community Profiles for Southeast Michigan
                                    16
     Physical Characteristics
     Understanding the physical characteristics of a community is an important
     element in recreation planning. Physical characteristics discussed in this
     portion of the plan include the general existing land use pattern of the com-
     munity, the zoning regulations which affect recreation, the transportation
     system of the city, and finally the natural features found within Birmingham.
     Natural features include the climate of the area, topography, soils, water
     resources, and wetlands.

     Existing Land Use Pattern
     The Existing Land Use Pattern within the City of Birmingham is reminiscent of
     a traditional town layout. As can be seen on the following map, there is a
     core ‘downtown’ commercial and office area which is in the general proxim-
     ity of Woodward and Maple Roads. Public parks, schools and churches play
     an essential role in the community and are interspersed throughout the city.
     The primary land use within the community is single-family residences with a
     scattering of multiple-family developments. Industrial land uses are generally
     confined to the southeast portion of the city along the Canadian National
     Railroad.

     Zoning
     The City of Birmingham Zoning Ordinance, Chapter 126 of the Municipal
     Code, was adopted in 1963 and is amended when needed by the City Com-
     mission. Public parks, playgrounds, playfields, stadiums and swimming pools
     are permitted principal uses within nearly all of the districts within the city,
     including:

     • Public Property (PP)
     • Single-Family Residential Districts (R-1A, R-1, R-2 and R-3)
     • Two-Family Residential District (R-4)
     • Multiple-Family Residential Districts (R-5, R-6 and R-7)
     • Attached Single-Family Residential District (R-8)
     • Office District (O-1)
     • Office Commercial District (O-2)
     • Parking District (P)

     Clubs, social, recreational and community center buildings are principal
     permitted uses within the following districts:

     • Neighborhood Business District (B-1)
     • General Business Districts (B-2, B-2B and B-2C)
     • Business-Residential District (B-4)

     Transportation
     The primary north-south route through the City of Birmingham is Woodward
     Avenue. Woodward traverses for approximately two miles within the city in
     a southeast to northwest direction, from 14 Mile Road to 16 Mile Road. Old
     Woodward Avenue, which parallels Woodward to the west, also plays an
     essential role for north and south bound traffic as well as providing visitors
     and residents access to the central core of the city. Southfield Road, which is
17   a primary north-south route in the metropolitan area, terminates within the
Single Family                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          TH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             MO
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  RA
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Multiple Family                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       City of
Public
Commercial / Retail                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Birmingham
Industrial
Water                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              BIG BEAVER


                                                                                                                                                                                                    QUARTON




                                                                                                                                                                                          FAIRFAX
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            WARWICK
                                                                                                                                            BROOKWOOD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               WILLOW


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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  W. MAPLE
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 HAW HORNE




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      BOWERS
                                                                   WYN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     IELD
                                     BRY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               HENRIETTA
                                                        LES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            CHESTER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   PIERCE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BATES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            WATKINS
                                                                 BER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   THF




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               STANLEY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  K
                                                                            YLE
                                                    WEL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            AN                                                                                                                                                        HAYNES                         HAYNES
                                                                                           VI EW




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ES T.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          FR                                                                    HAYNES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             SOU




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  YN C
                                                                            ARG




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                HA

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2000          0               2000         4000 Feet
                                                                                        GOL F




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              AN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      FRANK                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            HOLLAND




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                N
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          PU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               RD
                                               MIDVALE                                                                                                                                                                                            BRANDON




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Y
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            GE
                                                                                                                                                                                      PLEASANT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         OR                                                                                                                            WEBSTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      HANNA                                                                                                                                           GE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ARLINGTON




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ADAMS




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           COMMERCE
                                                                                                                                    WAY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                WORTH
                  CRANBROOK RD.




                                                                                                                GLENHURST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     GEORGE                                                                                                                                                                              COLE
                                                                                                CT.




                                                                                                                                                         LARCHLEA




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      GORDON LN
                                                                                                                                    WESTCHESTER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            LANDON
                                                                                           LEA




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      FLOYD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           CLARK




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         WALLACE
                                                                                        OD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    E. LINCOLN
                                                                                    WO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  E. LINCOLN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           TAUNTON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         W. LINCOLN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              TORRY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                FLOYD
                                                                                                   WOODLEA




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              S. ETON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     RUFFNER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        RUFFNER                                                                                                                             MELT
                                                                                          N.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  L AT HA M
                                                                                  ARDEN L




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                EDGEWOOD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            GRANT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       HUMPHREY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             CEDAR




                                                                                                                     W. LINCOLN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            PIERCE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             HUMPHREY                                                                                                                     HU




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Y
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          MP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        CANT ER                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       RE
                                                                                   ARDEN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          BENNAVILLE                                                                    Y                                        HE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            C
                                                                 GOLFVIEW




                                                                                    LN.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      LT
                                                                                                                                             FAIRWAY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   NORTHLAWN                                                                                                                                                                            BENNAVILLE                                                                                                                                                                                     EN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     BA                                                                   HA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            AY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              N                                                                                                                                                                                                            BENNAVILLE                                                                                                                                                                     NB                                                                 M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        IRW




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             LAW                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             U




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      HANLEY CT.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ORTH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         CHAPIN                                                      RY                                                           E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     N                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     BL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        FA
                                               E




                                                                                                                                                                            N                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       CHAPIN                                                                                                                                                                               TA
                                          D




                                           L                                                                                                      NORTHLAW                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PE N                                                                           NS
                                       SI




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                WASHINGTON




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 WO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       HENRIETTA




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   IS
                                      HI                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     EL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  D




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 DU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     TO
                                     L




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           CATALPA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           BIRMINGHAM




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               STANLEY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       BATES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          SOUTHFIELD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       EMMONS                                                           FI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  MARYLAND




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     OD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       NE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         SHIPMAN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               EMMONS                                                                                                                              EF




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        WA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 SH
                                               GREENLAWN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     CRO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                    UGE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         CUMMINGS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     NORFOLK                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            FT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             MA N
                                                                                                                                                                                               RO

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Wade-Trim
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SOUTHLAWN                                                                                                                                                                              N




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                AV
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               TAUNTO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                E.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 S FI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     DAVIS




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 E LD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        SOUTHLAWN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     SMITH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      BRADFORD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 SOUTHLAWN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      BIRD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              14 MILE RD.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 WAKEFIELD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Source: Photo Interpretation of City
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                LATHAM
                                                                                                                                     ER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Orthophotos and 12/99 site survey.
                                                                                                                                    RIV




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   SAXON                                                                 14 MILE RD.


    14 MILE RD.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       July 2000
                    city limits at Maple Road, in the heart of downtown Birmingham. The two
                    primary east-west transportation corridors with the city are Lincoln and Maple
                    Road, both of which traverse the entire width of the city from Cranbrook east
                    to the city limits near the railroad and Coolidge. Fourteen and Sixteen Mile
                    Roads form the north and south boundaries of the city and are primary county
                    roads.

                    Natural Features
                    The City of Birmingham is a dense, urban community with very few areas
                    remaining in their natural state. The principal exceptions, as can be seen on
                    the following map, are the city-owned park land along the two branches of
                    the Rouge River that converge within the city limits and the Quarton Lake
                    area on the city’s near west side, just west of the downtown business district.

                    Climate
                    The southeast Michigan region lies within the humid continental climate zone
                    of eastern North America. This zone is characterized by hot summers, cold
                    winters and a relatively constant year-round supply of moisture. Tempera-
                    tures in the immediate area include winter temperatures which average
                    approximately 32° F with overnight lows between 15° F and 20° F. Summer
                    temperatures average approximately 72° F with afternoon highs in July and
                    August of 85° F. At the extremes, winter temperatures as low as
                    -20° F and summer temperatures over 100° F have been recorded. The winter
                    and summer seasons tend to be long while fall and especially spring tend to
                    be quite short.

                    Topography
                    The surface geology of southeast Michigan is characterized by two broad
                    zones, a lowland zone and a hilly upland zone. Birmingham is on the edge
                    between the two zones, with those properties adjacent or west of the Rouge
                    River in the lowland zone.

                    The lowland zone was created by lake bottom deposits of clay and sand
                    resulting in flat, clay solids in the eastern portion of the city.

                    Water Resources
                    A portion of the Rouge River flows through the City of Birmingham from the
                    northeast and northwest into Quarton Lake and continues southwest. This
                    branch of the Rouge River traverses from Bloomfield Township through
                    Birmingham, Beverly Hills, Southfield, Detroit, Dearborn Heights, Dearborn,
                    Melvindale and River Rouge before emptying into the Detroit River. The
                    portion of the system which runs through Birmingham creates pristine views
                    and opportunities for public recreation. The majority of the river basin within
                    the City is wooded with segments of woodchip trails throughout. Quarton
Quarton Lake        Lake is located north of Maple Road, west of Woodward. This portion of the
                    Rouge River system provides a quiet, passive setting in an urban area. The
                    lake is used for fishing, ice skating and is a home to various wildlife.



               18
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   City of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  RE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                MO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ATH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   STR


Woodlands
Water                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Birmingham
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BIG BEAVER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Recreation
                                                                                                                                                                                 QUARTON




                                                                                                                                                                       FAIRFAX
                                                                                                                                                                                                         REDDING                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           SHEPARDBUSH




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Master



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            WARWICK
                                                                                                                                   BROOKWOOD

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           TOTTENHAM




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    WILLOW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              COLONIAL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    LAKESIDE
                                                                                                               LYONHURST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CT.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       CAN
                                                                              WESTWOOD

                                                                                               GLENHURST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ADI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             AN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          PUTNEY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ABBEY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  NAT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     NO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          RW




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  RAYNALE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ABBEY                                                 ICH




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          AL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               HENLEY                                                                                                                       DERBY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             R. R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ADAMS



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          OR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    OXF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            D                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    DERBY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         OAKS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         TWIN
                                                                                                           BROOKWOOD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    WIMBELTON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Y                              PEMBROKE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  D E RB                                  CT.                  PEMBROKE                                                                         PEMBROKE
                                                                                                           KENWOOD CT.                                                                                                                                                                                                   OAK                                                                                                                                                    MOHEGAN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              HAZELWOOD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            WOODLAND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      BROO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               OXFORD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     GR A E F I
                                                                                                                                                                                              OAK                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             MANCHESTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         KENNESAW




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLIDGE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            KSI D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          VINEWOOD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 K
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              L A KE PAR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        EL D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            GREENWOOD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        RIVENOAK                                                                                                                                                                              WINDEMERE
                                                                                                                                                   CHESTERFIELD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  LAKEVIEW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        WESTBORO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ST. ANDREWS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          N. ETON
                                                                                                                                                                  FAIRFAX




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              BALDWIN CT.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              EDENBOROUGH
                                                                                                                                                                                 SUFFIELD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ROSEDALE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            POPPLETON
                                                                                                                                                                                              PILGRIM




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        WOO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                PURITAN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             MADISON




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              INE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              OAKDALE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              BUCKINGHAM




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        RAV



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            DWA
                                                                                                                             MELBORNE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       LAW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            HARMON                                                                                       LID




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    BONN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   BUCKINGHAM
                                                                                                                 KIMBERLEY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                EUC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           NDA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                AVE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               OAKLAND




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             WORTH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  PA R
                                                                                                                                            PINE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     IE BRIE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               DORCHESTER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    .

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                LE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 N. O

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  FERN

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    K




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   POPPLETON
                                                                                                                                                                                       PINE                                                                                                                                                                                                                     D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             BALDWIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            LAN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     LD W
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        DORCHESTER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         DALE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          R
                                                                                                                               WINTHROP                                                                                                                                                                 DEWEY                                                                                           OAK                                                                    RIDGEDALE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          RUGBY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        OOD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       CAMBBRIDGE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 YORKSHIRE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     LAK




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         WAR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ESID




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    KNOX                            YORKSHIRE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               D
                                                                                                                              FAIRVIEW                                                                                                                                                                                                 WARREN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             RANDALL                                                      CT.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            HAMILTON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       WILLITS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                E. MAPLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               E. MAPLE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                NATURAL FEATURES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     W. MAPLE                               E. MAPLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               YOSEMITE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            YANKEE
                                                                                                                                 W. MAPLE                                                                                                                                                                                                                        MARTIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          FOREST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               S. O
                                         RAD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           WN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  LD W
                                                 NOR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             BRO                                                                                               VILLA




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ELM
                                                                                                                                                                                                      T ON




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               MERRILL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   WOODLAND




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       OOD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          CHESTNUT
                                                                                                                                                                                               ARLI NG




                                                                 AVON LANE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          HAWTHORNE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   VILLA CT.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           AS PEN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          WA




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    COLUMBIA
                                  DEVON LN.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       WN                                                                                                                                             HAZEL                           HAZEL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         TOWNSEND                                                                             BRO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             LINDEN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            HAZEL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BROWN                                                                                DAIN
                                       MAWR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      BOWERS                     BOWERS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            BOWERS
                                                   ESLEY

                                                             YN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        D
                                     BRYN




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BRADFORD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               SOUTHLAWN

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               WAKEFIELD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            BIRD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        14 MILE RD.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Source: Photo Interpretation of City
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Orthophotos and 12/99 site survey.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            July 2000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      LATHAM
                                                                                                                             R
                                                                                                                       RIVE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    SAXON                                               14 MILE RD.

    14 MILE RD.
     Soils
     The US Soil Conservation Service Soil Survey identifies three soil associations
     found in the City of Birmingham. The majority of the city soils have been
     classified within the Urban land-Marlette-Capac association. Soils west of the
     Rouge River are generally within the Urban land-Thetford association while
     soils east of Woodward Avenue have been categorized as Urban land-Blount-
     Lenawee soils. The majority of the soils surrounding the Rouge River consists
     of Cohoctah-Fox soils (Urban land-Marlette-Capac association) which are
     very poorly drained on floodplains and subject to frequent flooding.



     Soil Associations
      Soil Association   Description                       Potential Development Uses

      Urban land-        Urban land and nearly             Lands are mainly used for
      Marlette-Capac     level to hilly, well drained to   residential and commercial
                         somewhat poorly drained loamy     development. In a few areas loamy
                         soils; on till plains and         they are used for gardens,
                         moraines.                         woodlands, playgrounds, parks
                                                           or idle land. Wetness, slope
                                                           and moderately slow permeability
                                                           are the main limitations to the
                                                           use of the Marlette and Capac soils.

      Urban land-        Urban land and nearly             Lands are mainly used for
      Blount-Lenawee     level and gently undulating,      residential and commercial
                         somewhat poorly drained and       development. In a few areas
                         poorly drained and silty soils;   they are used for gardens,
                         on lake plains and moraines.      woodlands, playgrounds, parks
                                                           or idle land. Because of wetness,
                                                           these soils are poorly suited to
                                                           building site development.

      Urban land-        Urban land and nearly level,      Lands are mainly used for
      Thetford           somewhat poorly drained           building site development.
                         sandy soils; on lake plains       In a few areas they are
                         and outwash plains.               used for gardens, woodlands,
                                                           playgrounds, parks or idle land.
                                                           Wetness, seepage and poor
                                                           filtering capacity are the main
                                                           limitations to the use of Thetford
                                                           soils. They are poorly suited
                                                           to building site development.
      Source: Soil Survey of Oakland County, Michigan




19
        3.0
     Recreation Inventory
     Developing a complete inventory of recreation facilities, programs, and
     events is an essential component of a 5-year Recreation Master Plan because
     it provides a base of information to use in developing the action program.
     Understanding what facilities, programs and events are available to the
     residents of Birmingham will assist in decision-making in the future.

     This portion of the plan entails several components. Descriptions of the
     recreation opportunities within the city limits include public properties,
     public and private school facilities and the primary private recreation oppor-
     tunities within Birmingham. A brief summary of the principal recreation
     facilities outside of the city limits is provided to assist in the identification of
     recreation needs and opportunities in the immediate area. A summary of
     recreation programs offered through the city has also been compiled and
     presented. Finally, a barrier-free compliance status inventory was conducted
     for the various Birmingham public facilities and programs to identify accessi-
     bility issues. This will be used as a basis for a transition plan and implemen-
     tation methods to enhance the accessibility of Birmingham facilities.

     Recreation Facilities
     Recreation facilities inventoried include those parks and equipment owned or
     leased by the City of Birmingham, those facilities owned or managed by the
     public school district, facilities on private school property, private recreational
     areas and significant recreation opportunities available to residents of Bir-
     mingham but outside of the city limits.

     Public Facilities
     A total of eighteen public facilities, totalling more than 200 acres of land were
     inventoried in Birmingham and are described below.

     Pembroke Park

     Pembroke Park comprises one block on the east side of Birmingham between
     Eton, Edenborough, Windemere and Buckingham. The park includes open
     space and several pieces of playground equipment including swings, slides,
     climbers, sandboxes, playstructures and rockers installed over a woodchip
     base. The park also contains a little league baseball field, two tennis courts
     and a drinking fountain.

     Poppleton Park

     Poppleton Park comprises a significant piece of property in the northern
     portion of the city, east of Woodward Avenue. The park is accessed from
     Oxford and Rivenoak Roads, both of which are residential streets. The north
     end of Poppleton Park contains several pieces of play equipment including
     swings, climbers, sandboxes and playscapes. There are also a few benches
     and trash containers in this area as well as considerable open space.
     Poppleton Park also contains a softball field with a crusher dust infield, grassy
     outfield, warning track, homerun fence and bleachers. A paved parking lot is
     located at the end of Rivenoak Road. A drinking fountain is located between
     the parking lot and baseball field. The park also has two tennis courts which
20   are in fair condition and scheduled for resurfacing this fiscal year.
     Manor Park

     Manor Park is an undeveloped nature preserve. The parkland is located off of
     Adams Road in the northern portion of the city, south of 16 Mile Road and
     adjacent to the Canadian National Railroad. The park is open during daylight
     hours and contains a variety of hardwood, ornamental and coniferous trees.
     The park is bordered by a split rail fence along Shepardbush. There are no
     off-street parking areas or sidewalks bordering the park. Manor Park remains
     undeveloped open space used for passive recreation.

     Springdale Park & Golf Course

     The Springdale Park and Golf Course is located in the northern portion of the
     City, north of 16 Mile Road with access from Strathmore Road. The park and
     golf course is bordered on the east by the Canadian National Railroad. The
     park was obtained in 1934 in a settlement agreement with Bloomfield Town-
     ship and Bloomfield Hills. Springdale Golf Course is a nine-hole municipal
     course which is limited to Birmingham residents, property taxpayers, desig-
     nated business employees and a limited number of nonresidents. A Leisure
     Activity Pass must be purchased for course membership. Members may bring
     a maximum of three guests at the established guest rates. The golf course is
     approximately 55 acres in size, and has a total yardage of 2,779. Par for the
     course is 34. Electric golf carts and pull-cart rentals are offered. The terrain
     is rolling, with narrow fairways, many trees, and the north branch of the
     Rouge River meandering through the course. A new clubhouse, constructed
     in 1992, accommodates seating for 35 people and has a full-service snack
     bar, handicap accessible restrooms and an outdoor patio area. The park
     portion of the property is located across the parking lot from the clubhouse
     along Strathmore Road. There is a paved drive and parking area, large picnic
     shelter, playground equipment with woodchip surfacing, several grills, a
     drinking fountain and open space. Park-goers have access to the clubhouse
     restrooms while using the park facilities.

     Booth Park

     Booth Park is located at the southwest intersection of Old Woodward and
     Harmon, north of the Rouge River branch. Within Booth Park is a neighbor-
     hood baseball field, a 3-component play structure with woodchip surfacing
     and open space. The park is wooded towards the south end along the Rouge
     River.

     Allen House/Hunter House

     The Allen and Hunter Houses are located in the heart of the Historic Park
     area at the corner of Maple and Southfield Roads in downtown Birmingham.
     Many examples of flora and fauna exist on the property and are often utilized
     for nature study. The non-profit Allen House is a historical museum. All
     funds go to the continued upkeep of theses unique Birmingham landmarks.




21
     Quarton Lake

     Quarton Lake is located on the city’s west side and is fed by the Rouge River.
     The Quarton Lake Park surrounds the lake almost entirely and provides
     passive recreation areas for the public. Fishing is permitted on the lake by
     those younger than 14 or older than 65. There is a small dock which extends
     into the lake. Ice skating is permitted on the lake in the winter months when
     safe conditions are posted. There is a small parking area near the dock and
     ice skating entry. At the stub extension of Mill Race Road, a woodchip trail
     leads to Waterfall Hill.

     Lincoln Hills Golf Course

     The nine-hole municipal Lincoln Hills Golf Course is located in the southwest
     portion of the city off of 14 Mile Road. Lincoln Hills, which is the City’s
     flagship course, accommodates approximately 34,000 rounds of play annu-
     ally. Some of the amenities offered are: electric golf car and pull-cart rentals;
     lessons; rental clubs; and snack bar services. As is the case at Springdale Golf
     Course, membership is limited to Birmingham residents, property taxpayers,
     designated business employees and a limited number of special nonresidents.
     A Leisure Activity Pass must be purchased for course membership. Members
     may bring a maximum of three guests at the established guest rate. Lincoln
     Hills is also made available for winter activities including sledding and cross
     country skiing. The clubhouse may be rented for a nominal charge for winter
     outings. During the Fourth of July holiday, a public fireworks display is
     provided with financial assistance from local merchants and nearby commu-
     nities.

     Linden Park

     Linden Park is accessed at the intersection of Linden and Brandon, north of
     Lincoln Road. The park traverses between residential properties and the
     Rouge River. The park is predominantly open space with a small play struc-
     ture with woodchip surfacing near Brandon Street. There is access to a
     woodchip trail along the Rouge River via Hawthorne Road.

     W. Lincoln (Well Site)

     An unsigned park is located on the south side of Lincoln Road at Westchester
     Way which is known as W. Lincoln Park. The park contains open space, two
     tennis courts in good condition, a grass volleyball court and play equipment
     including swings, slides, a sandbox and riding toys.

     Linn-Smith Park

     Linn-Smith Park is a small, linear park on the opposite side of the Rouge River
     from Linden Park. The park consists entirely of open space and is located
     between the Rouge River and Southfield Road.




22
     Crestview Park

     Crestview Park is located near the southern border of Birmingham, north of
     Southlawn between Southfield and Shipman Roads. Crestview Park contains
     open space, two tennis courts and playground equipment including swings,
     climbers and a play structure. There are also benches and a drinking fountain
     within the park.

     Martha Baldwin Park

     The Martha Baldwin Park is located on the west side of Southfield Road at the
     intersection of Southfield and Maple Roads. It consists of open space and
     scattered mature trees. There is a bench within the park and steps leading
     into the park from Maple.

     Shain Park

     Shain Park is located in the downtown Birmingham shopping area. It is
     similar in nature to a traditional “town square” with a large sculpture serving
     as the central focal point, encircled by brick pavers, benches and a clipped
     hedge. On-street parking surrounds the park. The park also contains picnic
     tables, two play structures, toddler swings, benches and open space. Shain
     Park is the location for several community events throughout the year includ-
     ing the Village Fair, the summer-long “In-the-Park” concert series and “Art-In-
     The-Park”.

     St. James Park

     St. James Park is located in the southern portion of the city, south of Lincoln
     and directly south of the Birmingham Y.M.C.A. St. James Park contains open
     space which is used for a soccer field during summer months. The park also
     has the city’s only regulation-size baseball diamond in addition to two tennis
     courts and several pieces of play equipment installed on a woodchip surface.
     There are also benches and trash containers located in the proximity of the
     play equipment.

     Howarth Park

     Howarth Park is located at the intersection of Cummings and Emmons Roads
     in the southern portion of Birmingham. The park consists of open space, a
     Little League baseball field, drinking fountain, benches and play equipment
     with woodchip surfacing. The play equipment includes swings, a climber
     and a play structure.

     Kenning Park

     The Kenning Park site is located in the southeast portion of the city adjacent
     to Lincoln Road. The site is the primary recreation complex in the commu-
     nity and is home to the Ice Sports Arena. Outdoor facilities at Kenning Park
     include four little league baseball diamonds, ten tennis courts, playground
     equipment and considerable parking and open space. The city has also
     negotiated a long-term lease for the Racquet Club at Kenning Park. The
23   contractor provides two tennis bubbles which cover 6 of the 10 courts during
     the winter months. These bubbles meet the growing demand for year-round
     tennis opportunities for area residents. Inside the racquet club are locker
     rooms, a pro shop and nursery. Adult and junior lessons, tennis leagues, club
     mixers and court time for individual play are part of the 32-week indoor
     season. Birmingham residents receive a reduced membership fee and can
     reserve court time prior to the general public.

     Ice Sports Arena

     As was described above, the Birmingham Ice Sports Arena is located on the
     Kenning Park property in the southeast portion of the city. The indoor, ten-
     month ice arena contains a regulation-size ice rink with bleacher seating for
     920 spectators. A smaller, studio arena is used for lessons and skate parties
     within the complex as well as a city-operated pro shop.

     Well Sites

     In addition to the Lincoln Well Site, there are three well sites located on the
     west side of the city. These are small parcels of vacant, city-owned property.
     Redding Well Site is located at the corner of Lakeside Drive and Redding in
     the northwest portion of the city. It is approximately 0.34 acre with no
     amenities. The Wakefield Well Site is located in the southwest portion of the
     city at Wakefield and Norfolk. There is some small playground equipment on
     the 0.2-acre site. There are two, small, vacant parcels approximately 0.67-
     acres (labeled as the South Well Site) located at Southfield and Southlawn in
     the southwestern portion of the city. Finally, on the northeast side of the city
     is the Derby Well Site. It is adjacent to the railroad along Derby Road and
     contains no recreation amenities.

     Public Schools
     A total of seven public school properties were inventoried for available
     recreation facilities. While school facilities are not accessible at all times and
     are not directly maintained or upgraded by the City of Birmingham, they do
     play an important role in the provision of recreation opportunities and
     facilities.

     Derby Middle School

     Derby Middle School is located in the northeast portion of the city between
     Adams Road and the Canadian National Railroad. The school is located on a
     large piece of property which includes a practice football field, two soccer
     fields, a regulation-size baseball field and a football field with goal posts. The
     school site also has three baseketball hoops and a partial asphalt path leading
     past the baseball field near the railroad tracks. The school also has an indoor
     pool.

     Roeper School (Adams)

     The Roeper Park is directly adjacent to Roeper School (formerly Adams
     School). The school no longer utilizes the playground facilities and has made
     them available for general public use.

24
     Quarton School

     The Quarton School is located near the western border of the city, off of Oak.
     The school property includes two city-owned tennis courts, a practice soccer
     field, two baseball fields, four basketball hoops and play equipment including
     swings, climbers and two play structures.

     Seaholm High School

     Birmingham Seaholm High School is located on the western edge of the city,
     north of Lincoln Road. The high school property includes a football/soccer
     stadium with lights, a pressbox, scoreboard and bleachers. There is also a
     baseball field with a scoreboard and bleachers, a softball field with bleachers
     as well as open areas for practice fields. There are seven tennis courts, a
     competence course and two sand volleyball courts in fair condition. The
     High School has an indoor pool. The property is also the location of the
     Birmingham Community Education Department.

     Midvale Center

     The Midvale Center is located adjacent to the high school property along
     Midvale Road. The Center includes the Birmingham Area Seniors Coordinat-
     ing Council and Center (BASCC) Youth Assistance, Senior Center and Early
     Childhood Center. There are swings and a play structure outside of the
     Center.

     Pierce School

     Pierce School is near the southern border of the city, east of Pierce Road. The
     site contains two basketball hoops, a practice ball diamond, a regulation-size
     baseball field, a soccer field, and play equipment including swings, three play
     structures, climbers, etc.

     Birmingham Alternative High School

     The Birmingham Alternative High School is located directly west of Pierce
     School, across Pierce Road. The two basketball hoops at the school are in
     poor condition with no rims.

     Private Schools
     There are several private schools within the city boundaries including:

     Roeper School (Adams Park)

     Roeper Park is located adjacent to Roeper School (formerly Adams School) on
     the west side of Adams Road, south of Madison. The park on the south half
     of the property is maintained by the City of Birmingham, and is made avail-
     able for public use. The park is open between 8 am and 9 pm and includes a
     full basketball court which is in very poor condition, a small practice soccer
     area, a practice ball diamond which shares space with the soccer field.


25
     Holy Name Catholic School

     The Holy Name Catholic School is located north of Pine Street, west of Old
     Woodward Avenue. The school has no outdoor facilities.

     Our Shepherd Lutheran (Torry)

     The Our Shepherd Lutheran private school is located in the southeast portion
     of the city, south of Lincoln Road. The property includes a practice baseball
     diamond, a soccer field, two basketball hoops, open space and play equip-
     ment.

     Eton Academy

     The Eton Academy is also located in the southeast portion of Birmingham,
     adjacent to Melton Road, south of Kenning Park. The Academy has one
     soccer field, benches and a small open area with swings and a playscape.

     Private Recreation
     Recreation facilities which are not owned or operated by the City of Birming-
     ham or the Public School District were also inventoried due to their relevance
     in the provision of recreational opportunities to Birmingham residents.

     Birmingham/Bloomfield Art Center

     The Birmingham/Bloomfield Art Center is located in the southwest portion of
     the city, west of Cranbrook Road, adjacent to the Lincoln Hills Golf Course.
     The non-profit Art Center offers over 500 high-quality art classes and work-
     shops annually for students of all ages and abilities. The Center also holds a
     children’s Art Camp, changing exhibitions and competitions, works of art for
     purchase or rental and a student pottery sale. The annual Birmingham Fine
     Arts Festival is held at the Center in May.

     The Community House

     The Community House is an independent, non-profit organization established
     in 1923 and is dedicated to enhancing the quality of life in the greater
     community. It works in partnership with individuals, organizations and
     businesses to provide educational, social and cultural enrichment for people
     of all ages, interests and backgrounds. Hundreds of people visit the Commu-
     nity House, located in the heart of downtown Birmingham, to participate in
     enrichment programs, social functions, business meetings and civic activities.
     The Community House offers an early childhood center, enrichment classes,
     antique shows, art exhibits and much more.

     YMCA

     The Birmingham YMCA is located adjacent to Lincoln Road, west of Wood-
     ward and directly north of St. James Park. The YMCA offers classes, programs
     and activities for all ages, and are detailed in the ‘Programs’ portion of this
     chapter.

26
                                                                                      General                        Outdoor Facilities                                       Indoor Facilities




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                                                              M
                                                              9-
 Public Recreation Facilities
              1    Pembroke Park                      4.96                    3                 2        3   3                            3
              2    Poppleton Park                     17.18   3               3                 2        3   3                            3


                                                                                                                                                                                          City of Birmingham
              3    Manor Park                         2.21                                               3
              4    Springdale Park & Golf Course      46.43   3   3                                      3   3           3   3   3    3   3
              5    Booth Park                         3.93                3                              3   3
              6    Allen House/Hunter House           4.06

                                                                                                                                                                                          Recreation Inventory
                                                              3   3                                                                                           3
              7    Quarton Lake Park                  22.24   3                                      3   3                                            3
              8    Lincoln Hills Golf Course          62.1    3   3                                                                           3   3
              9    Linden Park                        7.37                                  3            3   3
             10 W. Lincoln Well Site                  2.24                                      2        3   3       3
             11 Linn Smith Park                       2.04                                               3
             12 Crestview Park                        3.58                                      2        3   3                            3
             13 Martha Baldwin Park                   1.66                                               3
             14 Shain Park                            1.13                                               3   3               3                                                                    Community Park
             15 St. James Park                        5.95    3       3           3             2        3   3
             16 Howarth Park                          1.98                    3                          3   3                            3                                                       Neighborhood Park
             17 Kenning Park                          21.71   3           3   3                 10       3   3
             18 Ice Sports Arena                       ---    3   3                                                                                               3                               Mini Park
             19 Wakefield Well Site                    0.2                                               3   3
             20 Redding Well Site                     0.34                                               3
             21 South Well Site                       0.67                                               3
             22 Baldwin Well Site                     0.35                                               3
             23 Derby Well Site                       3.57                                               3
                       Total Acreage                  215.9
 Public School Facilities
              1    Derby Middle School                21.26   3   3   2           3     2                        3                                            3       3   3
              2    Quarton School                     7.02    3   3   3       2                 2            3   4                                            3       3
              3    Seaholm High School                        3   3   3           2     3       7        3           2                                        3       3   3
                                                      44.54
              4    Midvale Center                             3   3                                          3                                                3       3
              5    Pierce School                      10.89   3   3   3   3   3                              3   2                                            3       3
              6    Alternative High School            1.78    3   3
                       Total Acreage                  85.49
 Private School Facilities
              1    Holy Name Catholic School          3.52    3   3
              2    Our Shepard Lutheran (Torry)       9.24    3   3   3   3                              3   3   2
              3    Eton Academy                       4.38    3   3   3                                      3
              4    Roeper School (Adams)              3.48    3   3       3                              3   3   3
                       Total Acreage                  20.62
 Private Recreation Facilities
              1    Birmingham/Bloomfield Art Center   2.66    3   3
              2    Barnum Health Facility             1.97    3   3   3   3                                  3
              3    Community House                    0.85    3   3                                                                                           3
              4    YMCA                               1.51    3   3                                                                                                   3   3
              5    Forest Hills Swim Club             1.70    3   3                                                                                       3
                       Total Acreage                   8.7
     Forest Hills Swim Club

     The private Forest Hills Swim Club is located directly east of Kenning Park, in
     close proximity to the Canadian National Railroad.

     Barnum (Beaumont Hospital)

     Barnum Health Facility is located at the intersection of Barnum and George in
     the southcentral portion of the city, west of Woodward Avenue. The property
     includes open recreation space with a softball and soccer field.

     Baldwin House

     The Baldwin House is an independent complex offering one and two bed-
     room apartments primarily for those over the age of 55 (some units are
     available for eligible people under the age of 55). The Baldwin House,
     located at 200 Chester also operates a program making low-income housing
     available to eligible applicants. Site amenities include a multi-purpose room,
     library, exercise room, billiards room and video movie theatre.

     Opportunities Outside of Birmingham

     Oakland County Parks & Recreation
     The Oakland County Parks System consists of eleven parks (including four
     golf courses) and over 6,000 acres of natural areas and outdoor recreation.
     Recreational opportunities range from camping, hiking, boating, golfing and
     picnicking to cross-country skiing, ice skating and ice fishing. Oakland
     County Parks and facilities are funded through a millage supported by Oak-
     land County residents. Four of the eleven sites are located south of M-59 and
     are fairly accessible to Birmingham residents. They include:

     Red Oaks Golf Course and Waterpark

     The nine-hole executive golf course is located on John R, east of I-75. The
     site offers cross-country skiing in the winter months, adventure golf,
     playscape, grand prix track, 60-station driving range, batting cages and
     concessions. The Sports Village also features a domed driving range with 43
     stations on two levels. The Red Oaks Waterpark is located on Thirteen Mile
     Road, between John R and Dequindre and features a wave-action pool and
     three-flume waterslide. There also is a sand volleyball court, accessible play
     equipment and picnic areas.

     Glen Oaks Golf Course

     The Glen Oaks Golf Course is located on Thirteen Mile Road, north of I-696
     and west of Middlebelt Road. The 18-hole, par 70 course features a pictur-
     esque, rolling terrain with an historic clubhouse, banquet and reception
     facilities, a pro shop with lockers and showers, a bar and grill room and
     cross-country skiing in the winter months.


27
     Lyon Oaks

     Lyon Oaks is located in Lyon Township and is bordered by Pontiac Trail, Old
     Plank Road and I-96, one mile west of Wixom Road. The park preserves 200
     acres of environmentally-sensitive wetlands within a 753-acre park, including
     the Blue Heron Rookery. The park remains undeveloped with hiking permit-
     ted. A golf course, group picnic area and formal hiking trails are planned in
     the coming years.

     White Lake Oaks

     The White Lake Oaks Golf Course is located off of Williams Lake Road, south
     of M-59. The 18-hole, par 70 course holds the annual Oakland County Junior
     Golf Tournament. There are banquet facilities for 250 people, a clubhouse,
     pro shop, and a grill room and cross-country skiing is available in the winter
     months.

     Additional Oakland County Parks and Golf Courses include:

     Addison Oaks
     Groveland Oaks
     Independence Oaks
     Orion Oaks
     Rose Oaks
     Springfield Oaks Golf Course
     Springfield Oaks Activity Center
     Waterford Oaks

     Recreation Programs and Events
     An understanding of the programs and events which are currently offered by
     the City of Birmingham as well as programs offered by other entities within
     the city will help in identify programming needs and avoid the duplication of
     services.

     “In The Park”

     “In The Park” concerts are offered Thursday evenings in Shain Park from June
     to early September. The event highlights a wide variety of musical talents
     from the area.

     Seniors Programs

     The Birmingham Area Seniors Coordinating Council and Center (BASCC) is a
     non-profit tax-exempt organization providing services to persons 55 and older
     in the Birmingham School District. The Senior Center is located within the
     Midvale Center with membership costs varying between $10 to $30 depend-
     ing on residency and number of people. BASCC offers such services as
     activities and travel programs, meal programs, medical equipment for loan,
     housing information, support groups, transportation and information and
     referrals. BASCC publishes a newsletter highlighting activities, classes,
     information and opportunities such as new tax laws, holiday parties, com-
     puter classes, aerobics, senior swim and support groups.
28
     YMCA

     The YMCA offers many programs and activities for all ages. Membership fees
     vary from $11 to $62 per month depending on the number of people and
     degree of participation. Some of the classes and activities offered include:

     Babysitting
     Day Camps
     Parties & Events
     Fitness Screening
     Wellness Classes
     Weight Training
     Massage Therapy
     Kickboxing
     Yoga
     Swim Lessons
     Open Swim
     Preschool Programs
     Wrestling
     In-Line Hockey
     Soccer
     Gymnastics
     Dance
     Drivers Education
     Senior Activities

     Barnum Center-Beaumont Hospital

     The Barnum Center is owned and operated by Beaumont Hospital and is
     located west of Woodward Avenue, at the intersection of Frank and Purdy.
     The Center offers several classes for Beaumont employees, staff, contingents
     and volunteers such as Co-Ed Volleyball, Basketball League and Water
     Aerobics. The Center also offers activities such as TrimWorks and Kick
     Boxing at employee and non-employee rates.

     Ice Sports Arena

     Programs offered through the City of Birmingham at the Ice Sports Arena
     include skating lessons for beginners to freestyle, an annual ice show, group
     parties, parents and tots skating and hockey, open hockey and adult hockey.
     Open skating is held on Tuesday’s and Friday’s from 4:35 - 6:00 p.m. and on
     Saturday and Sunday from 1:30 - 3:00 p.m. Some equipment is available for
     rent.

     City Golf Courses

     The Junior Golf Program is available for children between the ages of 7 and
     14 during the summer months. The program teaches golf fundamentals and
     offers golf on the course.




29
     Recreation Groups/Leagues/Associations

     The following groups are active in Birmingham and utilize city properties and
     facilities:

     Birmingham Bloomfield Soccer Club
     Birmingham Baseball Little League
     Birmingham Hockey Association
     Birmingham Beverly Hills Franklin Baseball
     Birmingham Beverly Hills Softball League
     Perhams Little League
     Birmingham Pee Wee Baseball
     Birmingham Lynch Baseball Club
     Al Kaline Baseball
     Birmingham Figure Skating Club
     Birmingham Friends and Relatives (FAR)-Skating

     Art-In-The-Park

     Art-In-The-Park is held for two days in September at Shain Park. The event is
     sponsored by Common Ground and brings over 150 juried artists to display
     and sell their art in a variety of media.

     Other Special Events

     Additional special events held in Birmingham throughout the year include:

     Fall Spectacular Fashion Show
     Pumpkin Patch
     Halloween Parade
     First Night
     Woodward Dream Cruise
     Village Fair
     Family Theatre
     MS Walk for Multiple Sclerosis
     Fine Art Festival
     Celebrate Birmingham Parade
     Memorial Day Ceremony
     Quarton School Fun Run
     Night On The Town
     Jazzfest
     Revvin’ On The Rooftops
     Our Town Art Exhibition and Sale
     Holiday Tree Lighting
     Moonlight Shopping Spree

     Public Schools Community Education

     The Birmingham Public Schools offer many classes and organized activities
     throughout the year, some of which include:

     Baseball Camp
     Soccer Camp
30   Cake Decorating
     Carpentry
     Computer Classes
     Science Camp
     ACT Test Prep Workshop
     Calligraphy
     Swim Lessons
     Music Classes
     Tennis
     Cheerleading
     Tumbling
     Roller Hockey
     Karate
     Kickboxing
     Aerobics
     Dancing
     Basketweaving
     Stained Glass
     Real Estate License Preparation
     Income Tax Prep 101
     Languages
     Personal Growth & Wellness

     Barrier-Free Status
     With the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), all
     areas of public service and accommodation became subject to barrier-free
     requirements, including parks and recreation facilities and programs. An
     accessible playground is “one that, when viewed in its entirety, may be
     approached, entered and used by persons with varied disabilities”.1 To
     evaluate the status of the existing public parks and recreation facilities owned
     and operated by the City of Birmingham, each was inventoried for their
     accessibility status. The table on the following page summarizes those
     facilities at each of the parks which are handicap accessible.

     Pembroke Park

     Pembroke Park contains several pieces of playground equipment all of which
     are installed over a woodchip surface. There are no sidewalks on Windmere
     or Edinborough Roads, adjacent to the park.

     Poppleton Park

     Poppleton Park contains several pieces of playground equipment, the majority
     of which have a woodchip surface. One of the larger playscapes does have a
     concrete walkway leading to it as well as two points of barrier-free access.
     The parking lot on the south end of the park is paved with one designated
     handicap parking space. There is no curb cut or path leading to the baseball
     field or drinking fountain. The tennis courts have a concrete sidewalk and
     curb cut leading from the parking lot to the courts.

     Manor Park

     Manor Park is an undeveloped nature preserve. There are no sidewalks along
31   the roadside and no parking or walkways through the park.



     1
         The Americans with Disabilities Act and How it Affects Your Playgrounds, Landscape Structures,
          Inc.
     Springdale Park and Golf Course

     The Springdale Park and Golf Course has a clubhouse with handicap acces-
     sible restrooms as well as a paved parking area and designated handicap
     parking. Posts placed along the pathway which connects the parking area to
     the clubhouse create a barrier to the clubhouse. These posts are placed
     approximately 36” apart, which would prove impassable by a wheelchair
     bound person. There are several pieces of playground equipment at the park,
     with a walkway leading to one play area and transfer point. A transfer point
     is an elevated surface on an accessible route of travel that is 15 to 17 inches
     high with grab bars. The drinking fountain is also accessible from a walkway.

     Booth Park

     Booth Park has on-street, metered parking, although no spaces are designated
     for handicap parking. There is a paved walkway leading to the play area, but
     there is no access point to the pieces of equipment.

     Quarton Lake Park

     Quarton Lake Park surrounds Quarton Lake in the west side of the city. There
     is a small paved parking area near the dock, although no spaces are specifi-
     cally designated for handicap parking. There is no access from the parking
     areas into the park.

     Lincoln Hills Golf Course

     Lincoln Hills Golf Course is located at the southwest corner of the city. There
     is a paved parking area with designated handicap parking spaces near the
     entry to the clubhouse. While the pathway from the parking lot to the
     clubhouse is paved, it is in deteriorating condition. The clubhouse restrooms
     are not handicap accessible.

     Linden Park

     There is no barrier-free access into Linden Park which is primarily open space
     near the Rouge River. The park does not have parking. A trail which
     traverses along portions of the Rouge River is maintained with wood chips.

     W. Lincoln Well Site

     There is a sidewalk alongside the park on Lincoln Road. The play equipment
     is surrounded by a woodchip base with no barrier-free access provided to the
     play equipment, tennis courts or open space.

     Linn Smith Park

     Linn Smith Park consists of open space and is currently undeveloped. There
     is no handicap accessibility to the site.

     Crestview Park

     While sidewalks exist along the border of Crestview Park, there is no barrier-
32   free accessibility into the park, nor is there barrier free access to the amenities
     offered.
     Martha Baldwin Park

     The Martha Baldwin Park is located along Southfield Road, across Maple
     Road from the Hunter House and Allen House. The park is primarily open
     space with no barrier-free access provided.

     Shain Park

     Shain Park is located in the downtown area of the City of Birmingham and
     serves as a primary focal point within the community. On-street parking is
     available around the park which is also surrounded by sidewalks and paved
     walkways leading to the center portion of the park. There is barrier-free
     access provided to the larger piece of play equipment with a walkway and
     one access point.

     St. James Park

     St. James Park has a paved parking area available behind the YMCA but there
     is no accessibility provided to the park space or facilities. The play equip-
     ment is installed over a woodchip base.

     Howarth Park

     Howarth Park has sidewalks around the periphery of the park but no barrier-
     free access within the park.

     Kenning Park

     Kenning Park has a paved parking area with a designated handicap parking
     space provided. There are curbs surrounding the parking area which limit
     accessibility to the park and racquet club.

     Ice Sports Arena

     The ice arena serves as the “home arena” for the Birmingham Friends and
     Relatives (FAR) group, a community-based organization that provides pro-
     grams and activities for the mentally and physically challenged. The parking
     area is paved with designated handicap parking spaces provided and curb
     cuts leading from the parking area to the entrance. While wide enough, the
     doors to the ice arena do not have automated openers. Inside the ice arena,
     the restrooms and bleachers are handicap accessible.

     Barrier-Free Public Transportation
     There are three primary forms of barrier-free transportation available within
     Birmingham and the immediate surroundings. These include a transportation
     service provided by the Birmingham Area Senior Coordinating Council
     (BASCC), Dial-A-Ride (same day) and SMART Community Transit. SMART
     Community Transit is made available in Beverly Hills, Bingham Farms,
     Birmingham and Franklin. The service is a curb-to-curb, wheelchair acces-
     sible, small bus especially suited for and with priority given to senior citizens
     (age 65 and older) and persons with a disability. The SMART bus fare is
     $1.00 each way and there is no charge for personal care attendants.
33
                                                                                                                City of Birmingham
                                                                                                                Barrier Free Status
                                                                      General Facilities   Outdoor Facilities      Indoor Facilities




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Type                                Name                  Acres




                                                                  Dr
                                                                  Pa
 Public Parks
          1      Pembroke Park                            4.96
          2      Poppleton Park                           17.2
          3      Manor Park                               2.21                                                                         Community Park
          4      Springdale Park & Golf Course 46.4
          5      Booth Park                               3.93                                                                         Neighborhood Park
          6      Allen House/Hunter House                 4.06
          7      Quarton Lake Park                        22.2                                                                         Mini Park
          8      Lincoln Hills Golf Course                62.1
          9      Linden Park                              7.37                                                                         Handicap Accessible
         10 W. Lincoln Well Site                          2.24
         11 Linn-Smith Park                               2.04                                                                         Playground Equipment is ADA
         12 Crestview Park (Shipman)                      3.58                                                                         compliant but no access
         13 Martha Baldwin Park                           1.66                                                                         provided to play area
         14 Shain Park                                    1.13
         15 St. James Park                                5.95
         16 Howarth Park                                  1.98
         17 Kenning Park                                  21.7
         18 Ice Sports Arena                               --
         19 Wakefield Well Site                            0.2

         20 Redding Well Site                             0.34
         21 South Well Site                               0.67
         22 Derby Well Site                                3.6

       Source: Field Survey conducted in December 1999.
          4.0
         Administrative Structure
     The following describes how recreation is governed and operated within the
     City of Birmingham, including a description of the Department of Public
     Services, Parks Board and Recreation Advisory Committee. Also included
     within this portion of the plan is a description regarding the relationship with
     the public school district as well as an analysis of expenditure and revenue
     trends within the city.

     Public Act 156 of 1917 entitled Local Government, Operate System of Public
     Recreation is an act authorizing Cities, Villages, Counties, Townships, and
     School Districts to operate systems of public recreation and playgrounds.1

     Section 1:

          a.   Any City, Village, County, or Township may:

          1. Operate a system of public recreation and playgrounds;

          2. Acquire, equip, and maintain land, buildings, or other recre-
             ational facilities.;

          3. Employ a superintendent of recreation and assistants; and,

          4. Vote and expend funds for the operation of such a system.

     Department of Engineering and Public Services
     In January of 1995, the Engineering Department and the Department of Public
     Services were consolidated into one department: The Department of Engi-
     neering and Public Services (EPS). Although most day-to-day operations are
     conducted independently, approximately 1/3 of the Public Services’ opera-
     tional and maintenance activities, specifically those that are street, water and
     sewer related, are linked with the construction program administered by the
     Engineering Department. This stronger link has proven to address the issues
     of public services more consistently and has provided for more efficient use of
     time and better project coordination.2 There are two primary branches of the
     EPS Department, with the Public Services division of the Department oversee-
     ing the operation, maintenance and programming of the city recreation
     facilities.

     Public Services Division
     The organizational chart for the Public Services Division can be found on the
     following page. The Public Services Division currently consists of 44 employ-
     ees whose major areas of responsibility include:

     Maintenance of streets
     Solid waste collection and disposal
     Sewer and water-main repair
     Equipment pool operation and maintenance
     Operation of two golf courses and ice arena
     Maintenance of over 200 acres of park land
     Maintenance, planting and removal of 25,000 street and park trees
34   Placement of holiday decorations


     1
       Summary of Laws Relating to Local Parks and Recreation, State of Michigan 1978, MSU Dec.
        1978.
     2
        City of Birmingham Approved 1998-1999 Budget: Department Summary.
     Organizational Chart

                                    Director of Engineering & Public
                                              Services (1)

                                        Assistant Director of Public
                                               Services (1)


        Streets Sewer & Water                  Fleet & Equipment          Parks/Golf/Forestry & Arena
                  (18)                          Management (4)                 Maintenance (16)



                          Recreation Coordinator                   Clerical
                                   (1)                               (3)


     Logistics support for “In-The-Park” summer concert program
     Cultural arts programs

     The Public Services Division obtains citizen input for various aspects of its
     operations through a 7-member Parks and Recreation Board and various sub-
     committees appointed by the Parks and Recreation Board. The “In-The-Park”
     Committee (which provides for a summer cultural arts program) and the Ice
     Arena Committee, which provides guidance and input into the operation of
     the Ice Sports Arena are the two most active sub-committees.

     Assistant Director of Public Services
     The Assistant Director of Public Services’ responsibilities include the oversight
     of the operation, provision and maintenance of park facilities. This includes
     the creation of a master plan and the planning and management of capital
     improvement projects.

     Recreation Coordinator
     This position currently serves the City of Birmingham as Recreation Coordina-
     tor as well as manager of the Ice Sports Arena. In this capacity, duties in-
     clude a variety of tasks related to the operation of city recreation facilities and
     the administration of recreation programs. The Coordinator maintains
     records of facility use and program registrations; processes enrollments, fees
     and revenues. The Coordinator plans, organizes and directs all city recreation
     programs and is responsible to the Director for the effective and efficient
     operation of city recreation facilities.



35
     Golf Manager
     The Golf Manager supervises the overall operations at the City’s two golf
     courses. This includes the hiring, scheduling, training and supervision of
     clubhouse staff. The Manager is responsible for cash management and
     general operations procedures.

     Golf Course Superintendent
     The Superintendent plans and supervises the activities of seasonal employees
     responsible for the maintenance and greenskeeping of the two city-owned
     golf courses. The Superintendent formulates, recommends and implements
     action plans for problem areas and for general maintenance.

     Parks and Recreation Board

     The Parks and Recreation Board was established in 1963 by ordinance. They
     are charged with the duties detailed in Chapter 78 of the City Code entitiled
     Parks and Recreation. The ordinance states that the Parks and Recreation
     Board shall consist of seven members, who are electors in the city and
     appointed by the city commission with each member serving a three-year
     term. The Board serves solely in an advisory capacity and may not assume
     any legislative or administrative authority. The Parks and Recreation Board
     objectives and duties include:

           Serve as a forum for the consideration of policy matters related
           to the operation of a park and recreation program.

           Advise the public with regard to the policies established by the
           city commission relating to the park and recreation program.

           Serve in advisory capacity to the city commission in regard to
           all matters affecting parks and recreation which are referred to
           it by the city commission.

           Recommend to the city commission a recreation program, fee
           schedules and the adoption of a long-range program for the
           development of park areas and facilities.

           Recommend to the city commission hours of operation and
           allocation of facility use.

     The Parks and Recreation Board meets on the first Tuesday of each month at
     6:30 p.m. and is comprised of the following members:

     Matthew Kurth, Chair
     Ann McBride, Vice Chair
     Sarah Elson, Student Representative
     Eve Share, Student Representative
     Jane L. Folk
     Doris Mosher
     Richard Purnell
     Art Stevens
     Bill Wiebrecht
     Connie J. Folk, Recreation Coordinator
36   Robert Fox, Assistant Director of Public Services
     Recreation Advisory Committee

     The Recreation Advisory Committee was established to oversee the master
     planning process and act as a sounding board and guiding body throughout
     the life of the project. The Recreation Advisory Committee will provide a
     recommendation in the form of a draft Recreation Master Plan to the Parks
     and Recreation Board and City Commission for their approval.

     The Birmingham Recreation Advisory Committee consists of two members of
     the Parks and Recreation Board as well as the Recreation Coordinator, Assis-
     tant Director of Public Services and consultant representatives. They include:

     Robert Fox, Assistant Director of Public Services
     Connie J. Folk, Recreation Coordinator
     Ann McBride, Parks and Recreation Board
     Art Stevens, Parks and Recreation Board
     Carol Croop, Project Manager, Wade-Trim
     Leah Hutko, Project Planner, Wade-Trim

     Two members of the Parks Board were chosen to serve on the Advisory
     Committee so as to ensure coordination and communication between the two
     groups. The committee began the planning process at a Project Initiation
     Meeting held in November 1999, at which time a project schedule was
     discussed and future meetings set. The Recreation Advisory Committee met
     on a monthly basis throughout the planning process and served as a sounding
     board, citizen voice, and recommending body to the Parks and Recreation
     Board and City Commission.

     Public Schools
     The City of Birmingham maintains a working relationship with the Birming-
     ham Public School District. As was detailed in the previous chapter, the
     school district provides much of the recreation programming through the
     Community Education Program. The city and schools maintain communica-
     tion for the use of city and school facilities with an informal policy for
     scheduling.

     Private Schools
     A written agreement is in place for the use of Roeper Park, the playground
     area for Roeper (formerly Adams) School. In 1981, the non-profit Roeper City
     and Country School entered into a lease agreement with the City of Birming-
     ham for the playground property south of the parking lot for $1 per year. The
     agreement is in effect through 2031 or until the adjoining property is no
     longer being used for school purposes. The city is responsible for all mainte-
     nance and care of the property which must be used solely for playground and
     recreational purposes.3 The agreement also states that the premises will not
     be open for the use of the general public during periods of time when the
     property is being used by the school, its students and employees.




37



     3 Roeper School Lease Agreement, September 1, 1981.
     Leisure Activity Passes4
     The annual leisure activity pass entitles residents to reduced rates for golf,
     reservations for tennis courts, open skating and skating lessons. The initial fee
     for a one-year pass is $7.50, with a renewal rate of $5.00. Youth and senior
     passes are also available and provide for reduced admission charges. Proof of
     residency and age is required at time of purchase and can be obtained at the
     Ice Sports Arena during normal business hours.

     Public Property Rules and Regulations
     The City of Birmingham and Department of Public Services have established
     rules and regulations for parks, playgrounds and other public properties. A
     pamphlet made available to the public consists of 28 rules, some of which
     include:

     A person holding a rental permit shall retain such permit in his or her posses-
     sion at all times when utilizing the shelter.

     No person shall bring into, have in possession, drink or consume any intoxi-
     cating beverages.

     Adams School Park is closed between the hours of 9:00 pm and 8:00 am.

     No person shall place or deposit any garbage, except in containers provided
     for that purpose.

     In general, rules pertain to park hours and appropriate behavior and actions
     on public property.

     Budget Analysis
     Actual and Adopted budget information for expenditures and revenues was
     collected for the Public Services Department for fiscal years 1997 to 2000.

     Expenditures
     Recreation-related expenditures within the Department of Public Services and
     Engineering are categorized into one of five categories including the Ice
     Sports Arena, Community Activities, Parks and Recreation, Springdale Golf
     Course and the Lincoln Hills Golf Course. Each division’s expenditures are
     further broken down into classifications including expenses for personnel
     services, supplies, other services/charges, capital outlay and expenses trans-
     ferred out. The information described is depicted in the following table and
     explained in further detail in the following text.

     Over the past three years, overall recreation expenditures have increased by
     more than 31% from $1.9 million in 1997 to over $2.5 million in 2000. The
     majority of this increase is due to a significant increase for capital outlay
     (988%) from $45,000 in 97-98 to $491,000 in 99-00. There was also a
     significant increase for personnel costs which include salaries and wages and
     labor burdens from $851,000 in 1997 to over $1 million in 2000. A large
     majority of this increase is due to extended ice arena operations as well as the
     operation of the concession through city employees rather than private.
38



     4 City of Birmingham Web Page. http://ci.birmingham.mi.us
      Recreation Expenditures FY 1997 to FY 1999
                                           Actual      Projected   Approved     % Change
                                          FY 97-98     FY 98-99    FY 99-00     1997-2000
        Account Classification
          Personnel Services          $851,586   $926,030          $1,037,660    21.9%
          Supplies                    $225,056   $249,650            $253,470    12.6%
          Other Services & Charges    $802,061   $605,540            $643,690   -19.7%
          Capital Outlay               $45,132   $127,490            $491,050   988.0%
          Expenses Transferred Out     $40,000    $85,430             $83,790   109.5%
          Total                     $1,963,835 $1,994,140          $2,509,660    27.8%
        Division Detail
          Ice Sports Arena            $675,337   $633,790            $712,700     5.5%
          Community Activities         $77,291    $96,000             $98,030    26.8%
          Parks & Recreation Areas    $453,237   $482,840            $526,310    16.1%
          Springdale Golf Course      $316,520   $361,130            $523,110    65.3%
          Lincoln Hills Golf Course   $441,450   $420,380            $649,510    47.1%
          Total                     $1,963,835 $1,994,140          $2,509,660    27.8%

          Total                        $1,963,835 $1,994,140       $2,509,660    27.8%

      Source: City of Birmingham Approved 1999-2000 Budget.

     Expenditures for ‘other services and charges’ decreased by nearly $160,000
     (-19.7%) over the three year time period.

     Ice Sports Arena

     Funds expended in this activity provide for: all youth and adult programs in
     figure skating; instructional classes for beginning and dance skaters; open-
     skating sessions; and hourly ice rentals of the main arena and studio arena.
     The extensive hockey and figure-skating programs are privately operated by
     the Birmingham Hockey Association and Birmingham Figure Skating Club,
     respectively. Payments for rental times used by these clubs are reflected as
     revenue within the General Fund. Several other organizations utilize the
     facility for league and recreational play.

     The budget assumes a continuation of ice use of the arena for a period of 36
     weeks and the continuation of the Annual Ice Show, now in its 44th perfor-
     mance year. Expenditures at the Ice Arena have remained relatively consis-
     tent from $675,000 in 1997 to $712,000 approved for 2000.

     Community Activities

     This activity includes expenditures incurred by the Department of Engineering
     and Public Services in connection with: the Village Fair; art shows in Shain
     Park sponsored by the Birmingham-Bloomfield Art Association and Common
     Ground; the placement of United States and Michigan flags in the Central
     Business District on five occasions during the year; the winter holiday-
     decoration program; and preparatory and clean-up work involved in other
     civic and Chamber of Commerce and Principal Shopping District activities,
     including Midnight Madness, “Night on the Town” and “First Night Birming-
     ham.”

     Expenditures for community activities increased over the three year period by
     more than 26%. This is in large part due to an increase in salaries and wages
39
     due to increased labor directed to special activities in the downtown such as
     Art-In-The-Park, tree-lighting ceremony, etc.

     Parks and Recreation Areas

     This activity provides for park maintenance and recreation programming of
     park facilities, excluding the golf courses and ice arena. Maintenance is
     provided for approximately 200 acres of parks and public properties, includ-
     ing passive-recreation areas along the Rouge Valley, in Manor Park and at
     similar locations. Funds included in this activity also provide for adult
     softball programs for men.

     This activity also provides funds for the maintenance of approximately 12,000
     trees in city parks and on other city properties (excluding trees within the
     street rights-of-way, which are maintained under another fund). Tree and
     stump removal, spraying, and tree replanting in city parks are also included in
     this activity.

     Parks and Recreation Expenditures have been steadily increasing over the past
     three years (16.1% since 1997) to over $525,000 in 2000. A significant
     portion of this increase is due to additional labor costs to provide property
     maintenance and installation of playground equipment. Capital outlay is
     also significant in the current budget year with money earmarked for the 5-
     year Recreation Master Plan, the re-roofing of the tennis clubhouse at Kenning
     Park, replacement of the pedestrian bridge at Quarton Lake, the renovation of
     tennis courts at Poppleton Park as well as miscellaneous play equipment.

     Lincoln Hills Golf Course

     In 1997, Lincoln Hills was played on a reduced-par basis. Construction of
     the retention basin prevented the course from being played at regulation par.
     In spite of the construction, Lincoln Hills recorded 26,425 rounds. In 1998,
     the course was played at a full-par basis.

     In 2000, expenditures at Lincoln Hills are projected to increase in comparison
     to 1997 from $441,000 to $650,000. In 1998, the city assumed the responsi-
     bility for operation of the concessions, possibly accounting for the increase
     during that year. A golf manager was recently hired and the current budget
     year includes, $250,000 for an irrigation project at the golf course.

     Springdale Golf Course

     During the 1998 season, approximately 34,650 rounds of play were recorded
     at Springdale. Play was very consistent, with little evidence of increased play
     because of the construction at Lincoln Hills. Course improvement continues
     to be a high priority at Springdale. In 1998, the city hired a noted golf course
     architect to complete a master plan for the property.

     Expenditures at the Springdale Golf Course increased 65.3% from 1997 to
     2000, from $316,000 to $523,000. In 1998, the city assumed the responsibil-
     ity for operation of the concessions, accounting for a significant portion of the
     increase that year. Master Plan improvements at the course are now sched-
     uled to begin in June 2000.
40
     The chart illustrates the percentage of total recreation-related expenditures
     which were allocated to each division in the 1999-2000 Adopted budget. The
     greatest amount, 28% is slated for the operation of the Ice Arena with 4%
     going to the ongoing development of community activities.

     Percent of Total Budget FY99-00
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                                                                                            &RPPXQLW\ $FWLYLWLHV
                                                                                                  
       6SULQJGDOH *ROI &RXUVH
                                                          3DUNV 5HFUHDWLRQ $UHDV
               
                                                                 
     Revenues
     Revenue is generated from four primary sources within the operations of
     recreation programming and facilities: fees, ice arena charges and the two
     municipal golf courses. The following table details the revenues within the
     individual divisions from 1997 through the current fiscal year.


         Recreation Revenue for FY 1997 to 2000
                                            Actual    Projected       Approved % Change
                                           FY 97-98   FY 98-99        FY 99-00 97 to 00
         Division Detail
           Recreation Fees $132,361      $85,010    $85,510                             -35.4%
           Ice Arena         $706,924 $681,550     $757,230                               7.1%
           Springdale GC     $435,516 $424,520     $465,040                               6.8%
           Lincoln Hills GC $644,371 $553,430      $590,880                              -8.3%
         Total             $1,919,172 $1,744,510 $1,898,660                              -1.1%

         Source: City of Birmingham Approved 1999-2000 Budget


     Overall revenues have remained relatively stable over the past three years,
     decreasing slightly from $1.91 million to $1.89 million in 99-00. The ice
     arena and Springdale Golf Course revenues have increased 7.1% and 6.8%
     respectively. The revenues generated through recreation fees have decreased
     considerably from $132,000 in 97-98 to $85,000 in the current fiscal year.
     This can, in part, be attributed to the decline in adult softball registration and
     the mild winters limiting the organized winter activities.

     Recreation Fee revenues include the tennis club rentals, baseball fees, leisure
     activity passes, equipment rentals, food and beverages, etc. Revenues
     generated at the Ice Arena come from a variety of sources including ice time
     fees, classes, concession stand, video games, advertising and the pro shop.
41
       5.0
     Basis For Action
     This portion of the plan is intended to continue to analyze various factors
     within and outside of Birmingham that have an affect on the direction of
     recreation over the next five years. This chapter provides the rationale and
     backbone for the goals, guidelines and recommended capital improvements
     based on an analysis and consideration of many elements including: current
     recreation trends, comparison of parks to acreage and facility standards,
     service area gaps, existing plans, participation data and results of community
     and staff input.

     National Recreational Activity Survey
     Recreation trends occurring nationally and in Michigan provide insight into
     activities which can be expected to draw a large number of participants and
     activities which show the greatest growth in popularity. The National Sport-
     ing Goods Association (NSGA) conducts national surveys which measure
     activities by participation and percent change from the previous survey. The
     definition of participation includes those persons seven years and older who
     have participated in the activity more than once during the year of the survey.
     The following table ranks activities by highest participation in 1998 and
     compares it to the level of participation in 1988.

      National Sports Participation in 1998 vs. 1988* (in millions)
                                                        1988              1998   % Change
                                                                                  ’88-’98

      1      Exercise Walking                            62.3             77.6    24.6%
      2      Swimming                                    71.1             58.2   -18.1%
      3      Camping                                     42.3             46.5     9.9%
      4      Exercising w/ Equp.                         28.9             46.1    59.5%
      5      Fishing                                     45.7             43.6    -4.6%
      6      Bicycle Riding                              53.8             43.5   -19.1%
      7      Bowling                                     37.9             40.1     5.8%
      8      Billiards/Pool                              32.4             32.3    -0.3%
      9      Basketball                                  23.1             29.4    27.3%
      10     Golf                                        22.7             27.5    21.1%
      11     Hiking                                      19.9             27.2    36.7%
      12     In-line Skating                             NA                27        NA
      13     Aerobic Exercise                            24.2             25.8     6.6%
      14     Boating, Motor                              32.5             25.7   -20.9%
      15     Running/Jogging                             22.9             22.5    -1.7%
      16     Dart Throwing                               17.8             20.8    16.9%
      17     Hunting w/ Firearms                         NA               17.3       NA
      18     Baseball                                    13.4             15.9    18.7%
      19     Softball                                    20.6             15.6   -24.3%
      20     On-Road Mountain Biking                     NA               15.3       NA
      21     Volleyball                                   22              14.8   -32.7%
      22     Backpac/Wilderness Camp                      9.1             14.6    60.4%
      23     Soccer                                       8.7             13.2    51.7%
      24     Target Shooting                             NA               128        NA
      25     Calisthenics                                13.6             11.8   -13.2%
      26     Tennis                                      17.3             11.2   -35.3%

42    * NSGA: Industry Research & Statistics-Sports Participation 1998.
     In 1998, Exercise Walking (77.6 million), Swimming (58.2 million), Camping
     (46.5 million), Exercising with Equipment (46.1 million), and Fishing (43.6
     million) were the top five activities which people participated in at least once
     in that year.

     Over the past ten years, the number of people backpacking and wilderness
     camping has increased by over 60.0% from 9.1 million in 1988 to 14.6
     million in 1998. Following closely, those exercising with equipment in-
     creased by 59.5% from 28.9 million to 46.1 million people, while the num-
     ber of people participating in soccer increased by 51.7% from 8.7 million to
     13.2 million people. Those activities which experienced the greatest de-
     creases in participation from 1988 to 1998 are tennis, which decreased by
     over 35.0%, volleyball (-32.7%) and softball (-24.3%).

     The NSGA also projects sports participation on a state-by-state basis for 34
     sports. On the NSGA Index, the national average for each sport equals 100.
     The index is created by dividing a state’s percentage of participants in a
     particular activity by its percentage of the US population. For example,
     Florida has 13.7% of the total participants in salt water fishing and 5.9% of
     the US population. This yields an index of 232, indicating that people in
     Florida are 2.32 times as likely to participate in salt water fishing as the
     national average.

     The following table depicts the sports participation index for Michigan in
     1995 and 1997. In both years, residents in Michigan are more than 2.5 times
     more likely to participate in inline skating than the national average. In 1997,
     this was followed by darts when the index was 149 or Michigan residents
     were nearly 1.5 times more likely to play darts than the national average.

      Sports Participation in Michigan*
      1995                          Index         1997              Index

      Inline Skating                 259          Inline Skating    255
      Hunting w/Firearms             149          Darts             149
      Motor Boating                  139          Motor Boating     144
      Bowling                        138          Target Shooting   144
      Mountain Biking
      (on road)                      100          Bowling           100

      * NSGA Sports Participation State-by-State Index 1997.




     National Planning Standards
     In the process of determining and prioritizing needs, it is not only important
     to understand the national and state-wide trends in terms of participation
     levels and popularity, but it is also imperative to compare the provision of
     local recreation facilities to published standards. This comparison of existing
     facilities to standard acreage and facility requirements may be used as
     another tool to determine needs within the City of Birmingham.


43
                               Acreage Standards

                               The National Recreation and Park Association provides a recommended park
                               classification system which recognizes open space services people at differing
                               levels. The system categorizes open space as either mini-parks, neighbor-
                               hood parks or community parks. The desirable characteristics relative to size
                               and acreage provisions per 1,000 people are listed below:

                               •   Mini Park
                                   Service area of less than 1/4 mile in radius with a desirable size of one acre
                                   or less. The standard is 0.25 to 0.5 acre per 1,000 people.

                               •   Neighborhood Park
                                   Service area of 1/4 mile to 1/2 mile in radius with a desirable size of
                                   15 acres or more. The standard is 1.0 to 2.0 acres per 1,000 people.

                               •   Community Park
                                   Service area is 1 to 2 miles in radius with a desirable size of at least 25
                                   acres. The standard is 5.0 to 8.0 acres per 1,000 people.

                               These acreage standards are applied to the existing park acreage in Birming-
                               ham to begin to determine any needs in terms of land acquisition. It should
                               be noted that, with the exception of the Lincoln well site, the city well sites
                               do not function as mini-parks but are identified as such for categorization
                               purposes. For purposes of this analysis, the City of Birmingham has been
                               divided into two communities and five neighborhoods which follow the
                               boundaries established by the 1990 US Census Bureau tract boundaries.

                               As is illustrated, Community 1, consisting of tracts 1525 and 1529, is pro-
                               jected to have a population of approximately 8,182 by the year 2005 while
                               Community 2, consisting of tracts 1526, 1527 and 1528 is projected to have
                               11,921 residents. The above noted acreage standards were applied to both
Community Boundaries           communities as well as each neighborhood relative to their projected 2005
                               population.

                                   Population by Community and Neighborhood
                                                                         1990            2005 Projected
                                                                       Population         Population*
                                   Community 1
                                      Neighborhood        A (1525)         4,326              4,356
                                      Neighborhood        B (1529)         3,800              3,826
                                   Community 2
                                      Neighborhood        C (1526)         3,828              3,854
                                      Neighborhood        D (1527)         3,069              3,090
                                      Neighborhood        E (1528)         4,943              4,977


Neighborhood Boundaries            Source: 1990 US Census STF3A
                                   * Tract projections based upon projected Year 2005 SEMCOG projection of
                                    20,135 and 1990 population distribution ratio.

                          44
                            Community Park Acreage

                            Seven public parks within the city have been designated as community parks
                            due to their size and amenities that they provide. The NRPA standard for
                            community park land, which stipulates a standard of 5.0 to 8.0 acres per
                            1,000 people was applied to the existing acreage within each of the two
                            communities.

                            When considering the community parks within both the west and east halves
                            of the city, the standards indicate that their is sufficient community parkland
                            available to residents. It must be noted though, that the two largest commu-


                              Community Park Standards and Deficiencies in Acres
                              Community          Total /      Community Parks         Existing   Deficiency
                                                Standard                              Acreage

                              1 (East)       40.91 to 65.46      Springdale Park/GC    46.43
                                                                 Poppleton Park        17.18
                                                                 Kenning Park          21.71
                                                                        Total          85.32          0.0

                              2 (West)       59.61 to 95.3       Allen/Hunter House    4.06
                                                                 Quarton Lake Park     22.24
                                                                 Lincoln Hills GC      62.1
                                                                 Shain Park            1.13
Community Boundaries                                                    Total          89.53          0.0

                            nity parks are golf courses and are not available to all of the public at all
                            times. This holds true to the Allen/Hunter Homes as well due to the fact that
                            they are indoor community facilities with limited access.

                            Neighborhood Park Acreage

                            A similar analysis was conducted on the neighborhood parks within the City
                            of Birmingham. The city contains 11 public parks which have been catego-
                            rized as neighborhood parks due to their size and/or the amenities which they
                            offer.

                            The NRPA standard for neighborhood park land, which stipulates a desired
                            standard of 1.0 to 2.0 acres per 1,000 people, was applied to the existing
                            acreage within each neighborhood relative to the Year 2005 population
                            projections.

                            As is indicated by the following table, the southeast and northwest portions of
                            the city do not contain significant amounts of neighborhood park land.
                            Neighborhood B (Tract 1529) in the southeast portion of the city, contains no
                            neighborhood park land and with the estimated population at 3,826 by 2005,
                            should contain approximately 3.8 acres of neighborhood park land. Neigh-
                            borhood D (Tract 1525) in the southwest quadrant of the city contains the
                            largest amount of neighborhood park land with over 13 acres, a surplus of
                            more than 7 acres. This is due in large part to Linden Park which traverses
                       45   the Rouge River.
                                 Neighborhood Park Standards and Deficiencies in Acres
                                 Neighborhood         Total /             Parks          Existing   Deficiency
                                                     Standard

                                 A (Tract 1525)     4.3 to 8.7     Pembroke Park          4.96
                                                                   Manor Park             2.21
                                                                      Total               7.17       2.87

                                 B (Tract 1529)     3.8 to 7.7                             0.0
                                                                        Total              0.0       (3.8)

                                 C (Tract 1526)     3.9 to 7.7     Booth Park             3.93
                                                                      Total               3.93        0.0

                                 D (Tract 1527)     3.1 to 6.2     Linden Park            7.37
                                                                   W. Lincoln             2.24
                                                                   Linn Smith Park       2.04
                                                                   Baldwin Park           1.66
Neighborhood Boundaries                                               Total              13.31        7.1

                                 E (Tract 1528)     5.0 to 10.0    Crestview Park        3.58
                                                                   St. James Park        5.95
                                                                   Howarth Park          1.98
                                                                        Total            11.51       1.51


                               These standards and deficiencies must be viewed with the knowledge that
                               there are other public parks, public schools, private schools and private
                               recreation within the neighborhoods.

                               Mini Park Acreage

                               Finally, the same analysis was conducted on the existing ‘mini-parks’ found
                               within each neighborhood in Birmingham. As was inventoried, there are only
                               four sites within the city designated as mini-parks, all of which are well sites.

                               The NRPA standard for mini-parks stipulates a desired standard of 0.25 to 0.5
                               acre per 1,000 people. This standard was applied to the existing acreage
                               within each community relative to the Year 2005 population projections.

                               As the table indicates, designated mini-parks are well sites located within
                               Neighborhoods C and D. The Wakefield well site contains small playground
                               equipment while the other three well sites are merely open space. When
                               isolating the acreage standards for mini-parks, Neighborhoods A and E require
                               the most at 1.1 and 1.2 acres respectively due to their projected population
                               size. When analyzing this data, it must also be kept in mind that in some
                               cases, and particularly where lot sizes are relatively large, back yards of
                               homes act as sufficient mini parks for private use.




                          46
                                 Mini-Park Standards and Deficiencies in Acres
                                 Neighborhood         Total /             Parks      Existing     Deficiency
                                                     Standard

                                 A (Tract 1525)     1.1 to 2.2
                                                                        Total          0.0           1.1

                                 B (Tract 1529)     1.0 to 1.9
                                                                        Total          0.0           1.0

                                 C (Tract 1526)     1.0 to 1.9     Redding Well        0.34
                                                                   Baldwin Well        0.35
                                                                      Total            0.69          0.31

                                 D (Tract 1527)     0.8 to 1.5     Wakefield Well      0.2
                                                                   South Well          0.67
                                                                      Total            0.87          0.0

Neighborhood Boundaries          E (Tract 1528)     1.2 to 2.5
                                                                        Total          0.0           1.2


                               Park Service Areas

                               As has been referenced, each type of park (community, neighborhood, and
                               mini) has different service areas. The community park serve an area within a
                               one to two mile radius, neighborhood parks serve an area between 1/4 mile
                               to 1/2 mile radius and mini parks serve a population within 1/4 mile. To
                               illustrate the passive and active recreation which are available to pedestrians
                               within reasonable walking distances, two overlay maps have been created.

                               The Community and Neighborhood Park Overlay Map depicts active recre-
                               ation provided at the neighborhood park level, but also shows active recre-
                               ation facilities provided at community parks that are available within a one-
                               half mile walking distance. Nearly the entire city has access to a community
                               or neighborhood park within one-half mile from their home with two excep-
                               tions. Residents in the area generally bounded by Adams, Columbia, Villa
                               and Holland Streets in the southeast portion of the city do not have easy,
                               walking access to an active recreation area. An active recreation service area
                               deficiency is also identified in the northwest portion of the city between
                               Woodward, Chesterfield, Quarton an Redding Roads.

                               The Neighborhood Park and Mini-Park Overlay Map depicts passive recre-
                               ation areas located in community parks, neighborhood parks and mini-parks
                               that are available to pedestrians within a one-quarter mile walking distance.
                               There are several service area gaps within the city in regards to passive
                               recreation opportunities within a quarter-mile. The primary areas without
                               nearby passive recreation areas are the southeast portion of the city, the area
                               west of Linden Park between Maple, Lincoln, Shirley and Larchler Drives and
                               the northwest corner of the city between Quarton, Raynale, Puritan and
                               Westwood.

                          47
     Facility Standards
     The NRPA has also published typical recreation facility standards which
     specify facility service areas, the number of facilities needed to service the
     population as well as the land area needed. Standards for facilities usually
     located within neighborhood and community parks are provided on the
     following page. These standards can be used in conjunction with the acreage
     standards to continue to further identify the City of Birmingham’s recreation
     needs. Data in the facility deficiencies table below compares the existing
     community recreation facilities to the NRPA published standards.

     When compared to the published standards, the City of Birmingham is
     deficient in the provision of several facilities including basketball courts,
     volleyball courts, regulation baseball fields, a football field, soccer field and
     swimming pool. This data can be used in conjunction with other factors
     contained within this chapter and information such as population projections,
     participation information, results of the community workshops and staff
     knowledge. The city is largely developed with little open land available for
     development as recreation facilities. It also must be kept in mind that the city
     currently utilizes several school properties to schedule activities such as
     soccer and baseball.



       Recreation Facility Deficiencies          City of Birmingham

       Facility                 Standard/                 Total/
                                Population              Standard         Existing      Deficiency
       Basketball Court       1 per 5,000                  4*              0a              4
       Ice Hockey           1 per 100,000                   0               1            0 (+1)
       Tennis Court          1 per 2,000                   10             20b           0 (+10)
       Volleyball Court       1 per 5,000                   4               1              3
       Baseball (Regulation) 1 per 5,000                    4               1              3
       Baseball (Smaller)    1 per 5,000                    4               6            0 (+2)
       Football Field        1 per 20,000                   1               0              1
       Soccer Field          1 per 10,000                   2               1              1
       Swimming Pool         1 per 20,000                   1               0              1
       *
           The standard reveals 4 courts are needed or 8 hoops.
       a
           There are no basketball courts or hoops on public park land. There are several hoops
           offered at nearby school facilities (See Inventory).
       b
           Includes 10 at Kenning Park.




48
Recreation Facility Standards
Activity/Facility               Minimum Space                Units Per              Service Radius           Location Notes
                                 Requirements                Population
Basketball Court                                              1/5,000               ¼ - ½ mile             Outdoor courts in neighborhood
                                                                                                           and community parks, plus active
Youth                         2400-3036 sq.ft.                                                             recreation areas in other park
High School                   5040-7280 sq.ft.                                                             settings.

Ice Hockey                       22,000 sq.ft.               1/100,000          ½ hour to 1 hour           Climate important consideration
                                  including                                        travel time             affecting number of units.
                                 support area

Tennis Court                  7200 sq.ft./court               1/2,000               ¼ - ½ mile             Best in batteries of 2-4.
                              2 acres/complex                                                              Located in neighborhood/commu-
                                                                                                           nity park or adjacent to school
                                                                                                           site.

Volleyball Court                  4000 sq.ft.                 1/ 5,000              ¼ - ½ mile             Same as basketball court

Ballfields                                                    1/5,000               ¼ - ½ mile             Part of neighborhood complex.
Baseball                         3-3.85 acres                1/30,000                                      Lighted fields part of community
Little League                      1.2 acre                  (lighted)                                     complex. Softball fields may also
Softball                          1.5-2 acres                                                              be used for youth baseball.

Football Field                     1.5 acre                  1/20,000               15-30 min.             Usually part of baseball, football,
                                                                                    travel time            soccer complex in community
                                                                                                           park or adjacent to high school.

Soccer Field                    1.7-2.1 acres                1/10,000                1-2 miles             Number of units depends on
                                                                                                           popularity. Youth soccer on
                                                                                                           smaller fields adjacent to
                                                                                                           schools or neighborhood parks.

Swimming Pool                  ½ to 2-acre site              1/20,000               15-30 min.             Located in community park or
                                                                                    travel time            school site.

Data from Roger A Lancaster, Ed., Recreation Park and Open Space Standards and Guidelines, Alexandria, Virginia: National Recreation
and Park Association, 1983, pages 60-61.




                                          49
                               Park land per capita
                               A parks land analysis was conducted to determine the public park acreage per
                               100 residents within the city as a whole as well as within each neighborhood.
                               In this analysis, the population projections for 2005 were used to provide a
                               more accurate picture than 1990 Census data. The following table illustrates
                               the park acreage per 100 residents. This table illustrates only ‘public’ park
                               land per 100 residents.

                               Park Land Per 100 Residents
                                 Neighborhood              2005          Park Acreage           Park Acreage
                                                         Population        per 100                 per 100
                                                                          residents*             residents**

                                 A (1525)                    4,356         1.62   acres         0.56   acres
                                 B (1529)                    3,826         0.57   acres         0.57   acres
                                 C (1526)                    3,854         0.78   acres         0.68   acres
                                 D (1527)                    3,090         2.44   acres         0.43   acres
                                 E (1528)                    4,977         0.25   acres         0.25   acres
                                 City of Birmingham          20,135        1.05   acres         0.50   acres

                                 * Does not include undeveloped well sites
Neighborhood Boundaries          ** Does not include two golf courses and Allen/Hunter House.


                               The table above illustrates the public park acreage per 100 residents, includ-
                               ing the two golf courses and the Allen/Hunter Homes property as well as the
                               acreage per 100 residents not including the golf course or Allen/Hunter
                               Homes property. The two neighborhoods that contain the Springdale and
                               Lincoln Hills golf courses, A and D, contain the largest amount of public park
                               land per 100 residents. When calculating the public park land per 100
                               residents without the courses, neighborhoods C and B contain the largest
                               amount of parkland at 0.68 acres and 0.57 acres per 100 residents. Neigh-
                               borhood E is projected to contain the largest amount of people by the year
                               2005 at 4,977 (24.7% of the total population) but contains the least amount
                               of public parkland per 100 residents at 0.25 acres.

                               Participation data
                               Registration figures and participation data are gathered each year/season for
                               several activities offered through Birmingham Recreation as well as programs
                               offered through Birmingham organizations such as the Birmingham Soccer
                               Association. The comparison of the available data over the past few years
                               assists in determining recreation trends within the city.

                               As the table on the following page indicates, the majority of programs offered
                               at the city have experienced increased participation numbers with the excep-
                               tion of adult softball. In 1997 and 1998, participation numbers include a
                               men’s league as well as a coed league. Due to lack of interest in 1999, the
                               coed league was not formed.




                          50
     Participation Data
         Activity                            1997      1998   1999

         Youth and Adult Hockey
         Skating Lesson*             2,000 2,400              2,400
         Bh’m Figure Skating Club     122    119               115a
         Bh’m Hockey Assoc            587    630              650b
         Bh’m Friends & Relatives
           Conservatory (FAR)          36     36               47
         Adult Softball Program       200    200              126
         Junior Golf                  300    325              325
         Little League Baseball       450    450              450
         Soccer                                               590c
         Springdale Golf Course** 35,575 34,650
         Lincoln Hills Golf Course** 26,425 35,000

         *      City of Birmingham 1999-2000 Budget
         **     Rounds of Golf
         a
                43 Birmingham residents
         b
                200 Birmingham residents
         c
                Approximately 80% are Birmingham residents




     Homeowner’s Association Round Table
     The City of Birmingham has 19 organized Homeowner’s Associations as
     delineated on the following map. The Recreation Planning Process was
     presented to the Homeowner’s Association Presidents at a February 24, 2000
     Round Table in which the Parks and Recreation Board, Assistant Director of
     Public Services and the Mayor where in attendance. The purpose, content
     and timeline for the Recreation Master Plan project was thoroughly reviewed.
     The Association Presidents were then given the opportunity to discuss recre-
     ation issues within their neighborhoods. Some of the issues discussed are
     presented below:

     •        Support for the city to purchase the Roeper (Adams) Park property which
              the city currently leases. Facility and aesthetic improvements are needed.

     •        Booth Park and Quarton Lake Park need to be more inviting with addi-
              tional landscaping and facilities that are able to be used by more than
              one age group.

     •        Residents would like to see additional picnic tables at Pembroke Park as
              well as improved handicap accessibility.

     •        Residents see the need for additional parkland and support the investiga-
              tion of acquisition of land for public use, especially within the Eton Road
              Corridor. The School District Bus Garage is a poorly sited nuisance.

     •        More tennis courts, a safe walking/jogging path and more handicap ramps
              and curb cuts are needed at Kenning Park.


51
     •   Concern was voiced over the condition of Quarton Lake and the area
         becoming too developed.

     •   Maple Road is heavily used by walkers, joggers and bikers and would
         benefit from additional landscaping.

     •   Linden Park needs naturalization due to the CSO activities which oc-
         curred.

     •   It was voiced that more picnic tables city-wide would be utilized and that
         all the parks need a face lift.

     •   The existing parks do not permit dogs. A dog park is needed for walking
         animals and exercise.

     •   An additional ice sheet was supported with the existing locker rooms
         needing upgrading.

     •   Lighted basketball courts on timers would be utilized in the city.

     Community Forum Results
     Two community forums were conducted during the planning process to
     identify and gather critical issues and wants/needs from Birmingham resi-
     dents. The forums were held March 16, 2000 and March 29, 2000 at the
     Baldwin Public Library. Participants were first informed of the purpose of a 5-
     year Recreation Plan and briefed on the planning process in Birmingham.
     Participants were then asked to brainstorm their critical issues in regards to
     recreation (See worksheet in Appendix C). They were then given the opportu-
     nity to express their ideas while consultants maintained a ‘master list’ of
     recreation critical issues. Once the master list was compiled, participants that
     were given stickers at registration were asked to come up and prioritize the
     items by using their stickers to “vote”. This same brainstorming, master list
     and prioritizing process was done for wants and needs regarding recreation in
     Birmingham. The voting method was utilized to be able to begin to come
     away from each forum with the hot issues identified. The resulting prioritized
     lists from each forum can be found in Appendix C.

     The two forums were well attended with approximately 65 people participat-
     ing. The issues and ideas generated at the two forums are compiled and
     synthesized into a single list on the following pages. These issues, will be an
     essential element used by the Recreation Advisory Committee to assist them
     in the formulation of the Action Program and Capital Improvements Schedule.

     Critical Issues

     Funding/opportunity for land acquisition
     Protection of Natural areas
     Reforestation
     Water quality
     Safety & security for bikes and rollerbladers
     Procedures and policies for rollerblading
     Lack of areas for dogs
52   Parking and speed issues along Oxford (Poppleton) and no restrooms
     No place for outdoor ice skating
     There are no soccer fields
     Brownfield redevelopment for recreation (landfill/Eton Corridor)
     Erosion of Quarton Lake
     Incorporate environmental arts
     Park security and maintenance
     Stronger coordination with school properties
     Park accessibility
     Alternatives to chain link/cyclone fencing
     Lack of natural species interpretation at Booth Park
     Lack of parking
     Presence of invasive species at Booth Park
     No programs or places for teens to go
     Limited passive recreation areas currently in Birmingham
     No Neighborhood Association around Poppleton
     Tap into existing funding sources
     No place for inline skating
     Lack of swing sets
     Get state funding
     Policies for operation and design of facilities (site location/impact on neigh-
        borhoods)
     Geese problem at Quarton Lake (swans? Irrigation?)
     Variety of facilities is needed
     Need community opinion/analysis of 2 golf courses
     Need improvement of general aesthetics of parks
     More creative/harmonious playground equipment

     Wish List

     Booth Park
       Better policing of dogs at Booth Park
       Protection from the sun at Booth Park
       Plan for Booth Park
       Booth Park needs iron fence, gazebo, sitting areas, natural ice rink,
         ballfield
       Art sculpture/water sculpture at Booth Park
       Booth Park needs landscaping and paved trail
       Booth Park may be good for soccer
       Better drainage at Booth Park
     Poppleton Park
       Landscaped berm along Woodward at Poppleton
       More trash bins at Poppleton Park
       Park benches in shade at Poppleton
       Drinking fountain near play area at Poppleton
     New Recreation Facilities
       Soccer fields
       Safe, continuous paths
       Dog Parks
       Skateboard area
       Rollerblade facility
       Outdoor Pool
       Community Garden
       Indoor recreational year-round pool (water slides, etc)
53     A center for programs
     Maintenance
       Trees replaced with larger specimens
       Reintroduce original species and habitats
       Quarton Lake geese problem (dirty park)
       Corner of Maple and Baldwin needs cleaned up-benches-pedestrian bridge
     Park Elements
       Seating at Parks
       Swings for middle school age kids
       Restrooms at parks that are maintained and secure
       Full-court basketball
       Fitness Course
       Quality baseball diamonds
       Continuous path/walk that is wheelchair accessible (track)
       Outdoor Volleyball Courts
       Roeper School property—needs more swings
       Fountains/fish
       Sandboxes
       Climbing things
       Checker tables
       Bridges
       Hill to roll down
       Reading areas
       Disc golf should be considered
     Policies
       Link parks together
       Partnerships w/local merchants to provide programs,etc.
       City should purchase Roeper School and Barnum property
        Maintain neighborhood parks
        Volunteer groups to assist in maintenance and funding
     Programming
        Parks & Rec activities organized at parks for children
        Kids City Commission
        Advertise walking tours along the river
        Programs for singles
        Weekend programs for children/families
     Other
        Wetland banking for passive recreation
        Visual indicators to alert drivers of residential areas and slow them down

     Birmingham Public School Master Plan1
     In May of 1998, the Birmingham Public School District undertook a process
     to establish master plans for each of the eleven elementary and middle
     schools within the district. A public hearing was held and the plan was
     approved by the School Board in 1999. A relatively recent, $98.6 million
     bond issue provided the school district with approximately $1 million for
     outdoor improvements at the elementary and middle schools as well as $2
     million for improvements at the two High School Athletic Fields. The recom-
     mended master plans identify more than $5.2 million in improvements over
     11 phases. Currently, the school district only has funding to complete Phase
     A of the proposed improvements (approximately $1 million).

     It is necessary to understand the relationship between the City of Birmingham
54   and the Public School District, as many facilities are shared throughout the



     1
         Birmingham Public Schools: Elementary and Middle School Site Master Planning: January 1999.
     year. The plans of the school district to alter, improve or eliminate any
     amenities is essential in the city recreation planning process to assist in
     identifying needs within the community.

     Of the eleven elementary and middle schools within the district, three are
     within the City of Birmingham limits and will therefore be the focus of this
     summary. Seaholm High School, not officially included in the School Master
     Plan, is also located within the city boundaries.

     Derby Middle School
     Over $677,000 in improvements are proposed for Derby Middle School with
     the most immediate needs related to the condition of the athletic fields. All
     fields are characterized as being heavily used with worn areas and uneven
     turf. Proposed improvements include:

     Phase A          Basketball Court                   $15,200
     Phase B          Recreational Fields                $50,900
     Phase C          Baseball/Volleyball
                      and Trail                        $107,850
     Phase D          Competition Soccer/
                      Football Field                   $154,400
     Phase E          Community playground              $46,800
     Phase F          Restrooms and Storage            $217,000
     Infrastructure   Parking/Service Upgrade           $85,600

     Quarton Elementary School
     Approximately $360,600 in improvements are proposed for Quarton Elemen-
     tary School. The plan recognizes the “neighborhood park” role that the site
     plays during the evening hours and weekends. The plan calls for new play-
     ground equipment to be installed prior to the opening of the 2000-2001
     school year and improvements to be made to the athletic fields and hard-
     surface play areas. The proposed phasing plan is detailed below:

     Phase A          Playground and hard-surface play space            $126,800
     Phase B          Athletic Fields                                    $67,900
     Infrastructure   Parking and landscaping screening                 $126,800

     Pierce Elementary School
     The School Master Plan details over $191,400 in improvements at Pierce
     Elementary School. Again, the use of this property by the general public in
     the evenings, weekends and summers was recognized. Proposed improve-
     ments include drainage, playground equipment and the provision of two
     “alternate year” soccer fields. The proposed phasing plan for improvements
     at Pierce are detailed below:

     Phase A          Playground improvements                            $48,700
     Phase B          Athletic Fields                                    $77,000
     Phase C          Hard surface play areas                            $13,400
     Phase D          Enhanced landscaping                               $26,300
     Phase E          School Entrance                                    $26,100
55
     Seaholm High School
     The two high schools within the district were not included as part of the
     recently completed Master Plan, but Dr. Ron Miller, Deputy Superintendent of
     the Birmingham Public Schools presented several ideas for improvements at
     Seaholm High School at the February Parks and Recreation Board Meeting.
     The primary topic of discussion was the possible plan to place artificial turf at
     the stadium (Maple Field). The school is continuously faced with mainte-
     nance difficulties due to the intense usage of the site. The school bears the
     majority of the cost of upkeep, even though it is utilized by outside groups.
     The artificial turf will wear better and require less money and labor to be
     dedicated to the upkeep of the field each year. It is also possible that the
     district would charge a user fee for the artificial surface and use the funds to
     assist in paying for replacement turf and upkeep.

     Dr. Miller also stated that over the years, several schools have closed in the
     district, resulting in lost outdoor space and in particular, soccer fields. The
     district now has fewer fields, but more athletic teams, resulting in the overuse
     of many sites and the continuous shuffling of schedules.

     Downtown Birmingham 20162
     The Downtown Birmingham 2016 Plan was completed in 1996. The 2016
     Master Plan is a broad and visionary strategic document for the next 20 years.
     After many public meetings, the Downtown Planning Advisory Committee
     adopted a vision statement that outlines what the 2016 Master Plan must do,
     including the following recommended actions which affect the direction and
     provision of recreation:

     • Be designed for the safety, comfort, convenience and enjoyment of pedestri-
       ans, rather than vehicular traffic.
     • Encourage a diverse mix of uses including retail, commercial, entertain-
       ment, cultural, civic and especially residential.
     • Enhance the natural environment and integrate park land and green space
       into the downtown experience.
     • Create a strong identification for civic buildings and public spaces and
       contextualism in the design of public projects.
     • Strive to achieve a downtown for people of all ages, ethnic backgrounds
       and incomes.

     The 2016 Master Plan is organized into sets of findings, discussions and
     recommendations, several of which directly speak to issues surrounding the
     provision, maintenance and design of recreation facilities.

     Circulation 6: Green Corridor (page 25)
     The green corridor adjacent to the downtown generally follows the Rouge
     River. It is recognized that the corridor provides an opportunity for bicycle
     and pedestrian connections to the CBD and Booth Park. It is recommended
     to develop a trail to the downtown, taking advantage of the publicly owned
     Rouge River corridor. To minimize its environmental impact, the trail’s
     paving should be as light as possible. The path is proposed along the Rouge
     River from Booth Park on North Woodward Avenue south to Lincoln. Due to
     the multiple benefits of the pathway, the plan recommends the path be
56   developed within the first five years of adoption (2001).



     2
         Downtown Birmingham 2016: A Master Plan for the City of Birmingham: 1996.
                          Specific Project 1: Shain Park (page 52)
                          The extension of Shain Park into the adjacent municipal parking lot is identi-
                          fied as the most important civic improvement Birmingham can achieve. The
                          proposed design (see following page) provides for the statue at the park’s
                          center to remain, but move the playground equipment off-site. The walkways
                          would be rebuilt with a slight curvature to create a park-like seating oval
                          across Merrill Street. Perpendicular on-street parking will then be provided
                          around all sides of the new park. The project is proposed in three phases
                          (page 162): Remove Parking Lot and Redevelop as Park, Add Perpendicular
                          On-Street Parking and finally construct the Shain Park Bandstand.

                          Specific Project 2: The Bandstand (page 54)
                          It is recognized that the portable, rented facility that is used to accommodate
                          outdoor performances is inadequate. The proposed design for the extension
                          of Shain Park includes an oval seating area for the special events as well as a
                          bandstand at the southern end. The bandstand is to built in a style emulating
                          the architecture of the City Hall and library and should include permanently
                          installed light and sound systems as well as incorporate two public restrooms.

                          Specific Project 3: Martin Street Parkway (page 54)
                          Martin Street is identified to connect Shain Park with the regional parkway
                          and path to the west. Moving the existing parking machinery into the deck
                          itself would open the vista to Baldwin Park and extend a strong landscape
                          pattern across the frontages of all the buildings, taking the parkway past Shain
                          Park to the City Hall. It is recommended that this project be implemented
                          within the first five years after adoption (2001).

                          Eton Road Corridor Plan
                          An update to the City of Birmingham Master Plan was completed in 1998 that
                          focused on the Eton Road Corridor on the east side of the city. The corridor
                          boundaries are east of Eton Road from Lincoln to Maple. The intent of the
                          Eton Road Future Land Use Plan is to promote the mixed use development of
                          the sub-area with a range of uses that will continue to provide necessary
                          services to the community in a development pattern and scale that is compat-
                          ible with the surrounding residential neighborhoods.3 Potential land uses in
                          the sub-area include light industrial/office/research, service, neighborhood
                          commercial, public facilities, recreation and parking. In addition, residential
                          uses that are an integrated element of an overall mixed use development are
                          also permitted in this area. One goal of the plan specifically addresses
                          recreation, recommending that the plan:

                                      Ensure that public and recreational uses, and their
                                      accessory uses remain compatible with and accessible to
                                      the single-family residential neighborhood.

                          The Future Land Use Plan identifies two primary areas for open space and
                          recreation, Kenning Park and a small parcel at Eton and Maple Roads, which
McKenna Associates        is occupied by signage and landscaping. The majority of the corridor is slated
                          for mixed-use development which will allow for the possible expansion of
                          public uses such as the City of Birmingham DPS Site and the Birmingham
                          School District bus facility. The plan also states that within the mixed-use
                          areas, recreational facilities such as those identified by the Parks and Recre-
                     57   ation Board (i.e. skate park or golf dome) could also be accommodated.



                          3
                              Update to the Birmingham Master Plan: Eton Road Corridor Plan, June 1998.
                                            Nine-Hole Remodel Springdale Golf Course
                                            In 1998, the City of Birmingham completed a Nine-Hole Remodel Master
                                            Plan for Springdale Golf Course. The Master Plan is a hole-by-hole, detailed
                                            remodeling plan with proposed improvements varying from tree plantings to
                                            contours, berms, multiple tees and larger greens. Cost estimates to complete
                                            the proposed remodeling project are close to $300,000. Currently, the city is
                                            bidding the project with Phase I construction ($145,000) slated to begin in
                                            Spring of 2000.

                                            Southeast Michigan Greenways Plan
                                            In 1998, a vision for Southeast Michigan Greenways was developed by the
                                            Rails-to-Trails Conservancy, RTC’s Michigan Field Office and the National
                                            Parks Service Rivers, Trails and Conservation Assistance Program as well as
                                            many other local and national entities, both public and private. The plan is a
                                            vision for an interconnected greenway system for the seven counties of
                                            southeastern Michigan, including Oakland County, and is intended to give
                                            cities and counties guidance regarding the acquisition of land for public
                                            greenway use.
Jerry Matthews Natural Course Design

                                            RTC’s Michigan Field Office was established in 1989, and launched the
                                            Southeast Michigan Greenways Initiative in 1990 with the goal to connect the
                                            4.5 million people of southeast Michigan to the proposed Discover Michigan
                                            Trail. Since then, the Initiative has brought together professionals, officials
                                            and representatives from across the area to discuss some of the critical issues
                                            facing communities including:

                                            • Promoting sustainable economic growth
                                            • Preserving community character
                                            • Providing close-to-home recreation while reducing rootlessness and crime
                                            • Teaching young people about the natural world
                                            • Accommodating wildlife in rapidly suburbanizing areas
                                            • Protecting drinking water quality
                                            • Reducing flooding
                                            • Providing safe places to walk and bike to work, school and local stores

                                            After inviting members of the public to share their hopes, ideas and concerns
                                            for developing a regional greenway system in southeast Michigan, project
                                            leaders carried out the follow-up work of assessing more than 2,300 miles of
                                            corridor and more than 200,000 acres of predominantly public land for
                                            suitable inclusion in a seven-county network that:

                                            • Links communities to existing parks, trails and open space;
                                            • Protects natural and cultural resources; and,
                                            • Improves the quality of life throughout the region.

                                            The Oakland County Development and Planning Division is working with
                                            local groups to extend and connect existing greenways in a countywide
                                            greenway system. The County has been divided into four designated trail/
                                            greenway districts, each having an intergovernmental committee pursuing
                                            local options.

                                       58
                                                        6.0
                                                     Action Program
                                                     The Action Program details the direction that the City of Birmingham wishes
                                                     to take over the next five years in order to improve the quality and diversity of
                                                     recreation opportunities within the community. This includes the establish-
                                                     ment of goals and guidelines to direct the recreation program and the sched-
                                                     uling of capital improvements to implement the master plan. A third compo-
                                                     nent has been incorporated into each program year of the capital improve-
Overall Municipal Goals                              ments schedule. Under the designation of ‘tactical action’, the plan empha-
                                                     sizes the intent to systematically address issues that require action, but are not
                                                     necessarily capital expenditures.
f Preserve the City’s residential character.
f Maintain and promote a vibrant and healthy         Factors considered for this recreation planning program are: 1) expected
                                                     demand and need for future recreational activities; 2) results of the Commu-
  downtown area.
                                                     nity Forums held in the development of the Recreation Master Plan; 3) goals
f Maintain the City’s strong financial condition.    and guidelines of the Advisory Committee; 4) needs identified and observed
f Provide high-quality and efficient public          by staff and 5) funding sources and availability.
  services to the citizens of Birmingham.
f Continue to assure that the City is a safe,        Goals
  beautiful and desirable place for people to live
                                                     Goals are statements that describe how the city views its own future. They
  in, work and visit.                                are the long-term ideal or end product that is desired. Goals should meet the
f Maintain and invest in the City’s infrastructure   following guidelines:
  to support urban living.
f Provide attractive streetscape, trees and green    • Provide guidance, but not be too detailed;
                                                     • Be realistic and achievable; and,
  spaces throughout the community.
                                                     • Inspire people to action.
f Provide a safe and secure environment for
  residents of the community.                        The plan for parks and recreation must support the overall goals and objec-
f Encourage active involvement of citizens and       tives for City development, growth and services. Statements of specific goals
  continue to seek opinions and ideas from           and recommended guidelines will then guide the formulation and implemen-
                                                     tation of the Recreation Master Plan. These statements of goals and guide-
  individuals as to how the City’s cultural,
                                                     lines are expressions of agreement on the Plan, as established by the Recre-
  recreational and environmental resources can       ation Master Plan Advisory Committee and adopted by the City’s Parks and
  and should be used.                                Recreation Board and City Commission.
        --City Commission Nov 1997
                                                     The following recreation goals and objectives are those outlined in the City of
                                                     Birmingham Approved 1999-2000 Budget. These will be considered in the
                                                     creation and development of goals and guidelines for the Recreation Master
                                                     Plan.

                                                         To provide two artificial ice surfaces and appurtenances that provide a
                                                         variety of ice sports for the community.

                                                         •   Develop and implement a program of recreational ice-skating pro-
                                                             grams for youth, adults and groups.
                                                         •   Offer three series of figure skating lessons for youth, adult and club
                                                             activities.
                                                         •   Provide meaningful instruction/club functions through the lifelong
                                                             sport of skating.

                                                         To enhance park properties to reflect the needs of the community.

                                                         •   Develop a comprehensive master park-maintenance plan.
                                              59
         •   Development of the City’s 12 parks under a master plan.
         •   Address maintenance issues specific to each park according to the
             master plan.

         Implement the approved remodeling plan for Springdale Golf Course.

         •   Complete Phase One of remodeling plan during fiscal year 1999-
             2000.
         •   Provide a safer, updated, challenging and aesthetically pleasing golf
             course.

     The following goals were established over several Recreation Advisory
     Committee meetings and based primarily on the overall municipal goals, staff
     recommendations and the essential input gathered at the two community
     forums.

     f Maintain and promote the effective and efficient provision of existing
       recreation facilities and programs.

     f Provide high-quality facilities that encourage participation by residents of
       all ages, income levels and abilities.

     f Foster relationships and encourage cooperation with community groups,
       volunteers, the Birmingham Public School District, recreation providers,
       other city departments and surrounding communities.

     f Actively seek and encourage the involvement of residents in the recreation
       planning and implementation process.

     f Be proactive in identifying, securing and allocating resources in a fiscally
       responsible manner to build and maintain existing and future parks,
       recreation facilities and programs.

     f Strive to protect and enhance the natural resources within the community
       for their environmental, recreational and educational value.

     f Continue the planning process through periodic review of the plan and
       necessary updates.

     Guidelines
     The following guidelines have been established to assist in implementing the
     goals identified above. The guidelines have been placed into one of eight
     categories relating to operation, maintenance, communication/coordination,
     natural resources, accessibility, funding, facility development and land
     acquisition.

     Operation
     • Evaluate internal policies to ensure optimal delivery of service.

     • Collect and analyze detailed participation data to assist in determining
       needs and demand.
60
     Maintenance
     • Evaluate existing city maintenance policies including scheduling, staffing,
       equipment and funding to ensure efficiency and effectiveness.
     • Establish maintenance standards for city parkland.

     • Incorporate maintenance journals into daily park operations and manage-
       ment.

     • Utilize community groups to assist in maintenance and beautification
       projects.

     Communication/Coordination
     • Raise the public’s level of awareness in regard to recreation-related events,
       maintenance activities, schedules, programs, policies, etc.

     • Increase the level of internal communication within the department and
       with other city departments.

     • Ensure parks and recreation matters are communicated effectively to those
       departments with overlapping issues (ie. Traffic, Parking, Safety, Security).

     • Continue to identify and utilize new media to communicate internally and
       externally.

     • Continue the efforts to provide up-to-date materials, items of interest,
       happenings, policies, etc. for the city website, Quarterly newsletter, etc.

     • Coordinate with and involve community groups and interested parties in
       the operation and maintenance of the parks system including:
       •     Scouts,
       •     Garden Clubs,
       •     Homeowner’s Associations,
       •     Chamber of Commerce,
       •     Private Corporations
       •     Individual Birmingham Residents

     • Develop an organized adopt-a-park program with established procedures
       and guidelines.

     • Establish communication and partnerships with the surrounding communi-
       ties including: Bloomfield Hills, Bloomfield Township, West Bloomfield,
       Troy, Royal Oak and Beverly Hills.

     • Foster a cooperative relationship with the Birmingham Public School
       District and particularly those school facilities located within the city
       boundaries (Derby, Pierce, Quarton and Seaholm).

     • Communicate and coordinate efforts with other recreation providers, sports
       leagues, etc. to ensure effective, efficient and appropriate use of city
       facilities.


61
     Natural Resources
     • Evaluate the feasibility of a tree replacement banking program ordinance.

     Accessibility
     • Incorporate appropriate ADA accessible design into all new construction/
       improvements within city recreation facilities.

     • Coordinate with the public school district and local advocacy groups to
       continue to identify accessibility issues in relation to recreation.

     • Continue to implement accessibility solutions based on the issues identified
       through this planning process.

     • In the city’s program to provide curb cuts, identify as a high priority those
       in proximity to existing recreation facilities.

     Funding
     • Actively and aggressively pursue alternative funding sources (brownfield,
       transportation, etc.) for the provision of high-quality recreation facilities.

     • Dedicate time and resources to identify funding sources for land acquisition
       for the expansion of existing recreation facilities as well as the creation of
       new amenities.

     • Seek opportunities to incorporate and leverage city programs and funds
       with desirable recreation projects.

     Facility Development/Improvement
     • Evaluate all recreation facilities and programs on a yearly basis to identify
       issues such as usership, maintenance, quality, expansion, programming,
       and aesthetics.

     • Conduct a feasibility study for a recreation center within the city including
       the evaluation of funding support, land availability, recommended programs
       and amenities.

     • Identify opportunities to provide a safe, continuous pathway system that not
       only traverses the city but also establishes connections with planned and/or
       existing trail systems in neighboring communities.

     Land Acquisition
     • Initiate the purchase of the Barnum and Roeper School properties for com-
       munity recreational use.

     • Survey local real estate for reasonable purchase of land for recreation
       activities within the community.

     • Investigate the potential expansion of existing sites through property pur-
       chase and/or reuse.
62
     Accessibility Issues
     With the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), all
     areas of public service and accommodation became subject to barrier-free
     requirements, including parks and recreation facilities and programs. The
     ultimate goal is to provide recreation opportunities that include everyone.
     When evaluating the accessibility of parks and facilities, these factors are
     considered:

     Can a person who has limited sight or is blind, uses a wheelchair, has a
     hearing impairment or is deaf, uses a walking aid such as crutches or braces,
     has a mental impairment that affects learning and understanding, safely and
     independently1 :

     •    Get from the arrival place to the activity area?
     •    Move around the area?
     •    If not, what is getting in the way?
     •    How can this barrier be removed?

     An evaluation of Birmingham’s parks and recreation system accessibility to
     persons with disabilities has been conducted as a component of the recre-
     ation inventory found in Chapter 3.0. This inventory was then reviewed by
     the accessibility advocate organization, I-Can Online, for comments and
     recommendations to remove barriers to facility access. Removal of certain
     small-scale accessibility barriers is readily achievable through existing
     programs using general fund expenditures. This includes the systematic
     upgrade of playground equipment and play area surfacing, the removal of
     sidewalk obstructions and uneven surfaces, the construction of curb-cuts and
     ramps in city sidewalks and parking lots, and the procurement of wheelchair
     accessible picnic tables, bleachers and drinking fountains.

     Capital improvement expenditures are targeted for other, more comprehensive
     accessibility remediation projects. A new parks signage program will include
     Braille sign panels, Clearface type font, and an identifiable color-coded
     hierarchy system to assist those with visual and learning impairments.

     All playground, site furnishings, landscaping, and facilities expenditures
     included in the capital improvements plan shall be designed and installed in
     compliance with the latest adopted U.S. Architectural and Transportation
     Barrier Compliance Board (The Access Board) and U.S. Department of Justice
     standards.

     The capital improvements program targets funding in years one, three and five
     of the plan to bring into compliance park facilities which have not been
     renovated to barrier-free status.




63



     1
         1999 Community Recreation Planning, Grants Management Section, Financial
          Services Division, MDNR
     Capital Improvements Programming
     Programming of capital improvements for this Recreation Plan has been
     established not only to provide a framework for decision makers but also to
     enable the city to apply for grant funding for proposed projects. The capital
     improvements schedule is not a fixed element and is neither all inclusive or
     exclusive. The schedule merely reflects the results of the Advisory
     Committee’s research, brainstorming and data gathering in conjunction with
     input from staff and the general public. It is very likely that the schedule and
     plan will be amended at some point during its’ life due to unanticipated
     circumstances such as private donations, changing recreation trends, commu-
     nity opinion and/or available funding.

     Park Signage
     The existing park signage is aging and many signs are deteriorating. They are
     constructed of wood with routed letters communicating park information. In
     many cases, as policies and hours of operation have changed, the signs have
     been modified in an ad hoc manner. The City of Birmingham has recently
     adopted an official city color (Black Spruce) and is in the process of designing
     a new city logo. In light of this new logo design, the new city color and the
     existing condition of the park signage, the Engineering and Public Services
     Department proposes to redesign and install city parks and recreation signage.
     The Department proposes to replace signage at each of the city parks within
     the next fiscal year (2001).

     Dog Park
     The City of Birmingham currently has a “No Dogs” policy within the public
     parks. The need for areas where dogs are permitted is an issue that was
     discussed at nearly every public input opportunity during this planning
     process. This plan recommends the creation of a “dog park” at the Derby
     well-site, adjacent to the railroad. The park is intended to be designed so as
     to provide an adequate space for responsible dog owners to recreate while
     limiting the impact on the neighborhood and nearby residences. Preliminary
     design proposals include utilizing the existing fencing that surrounds a water
     tower on the site and extending fencing at a 90 degree angle west to the
     railroad and at a 90 degree angle north toward Derby Road. Additional
     fencing across a portion of the northern property to the railroad would be
     required to fully enclose an area where dogs are permitted. Moderate pedes-
     trian traffic through the well site was observed and the creation of a dog park
     would require the sidewalk to be rerouted on the east side of the water tower
     to allow pedestrians to continue to utilize the property. The site is currently
     serviced by water and electricity therefore the addition of drinking fountains
     and a keycard entry system are relatively cost effective. Designing this area
     as detailed above will provide an adequate area for dogs and their owners as
     well as continued open space and buffering between the active area and
     adjacent property owners. Additional plantings, benches and trash recep-
     tacles as well as pet cleanup stations are also recommended at this site.

     Landscaping
     Aesthetics and landscaping issues were topics that were discussed at great
     length throughout the planning process. The plan proposes a landscaping
64   and beautification fund be established for each year of the life of this plan.
     This money would be used to install additional plantings, improve aesthetics
     within parks and to provide landscaping in association with the newly
     proposed park signage. When selecting the type, design and location of
     plantings, maintenance, safety and aesthetic issues should be at the forefront.

     Benches/Trash Receptacles/Drinking Fountains/Picnic Tables
     Several comments were made during the community forums regarding the
     need for additional benches, trash receptacles, drinking fountains and picnic
     tables within the city parks. A line item has been included during the next
     fiscal year (2001) to purchase and install these amenities throughout the city
     parks. The placement of these elements should incorporate appropriate
     safety, maintenance and functional considerations.

     Booth Park Master Plan
     The development, function and existing condition of Booth Park was one of
     the focal points at the community forums and neighborhood association
     meetings. Many suggestions were made as to the future development and use
     of the park. Due to the prominent location of Booth Park as one of the
     primary entrances into the downtown from the north and the variety of
     options available for its improvement, the capital improvements schedule
     includes a master plan design to be completed in the 2001 fiscal year. This
     process would include public participation and result in a design schematic
     for the property.

     Poppleton Park Master Plan
     Improvements at Poppleton Park were also one of the focal points of the
     community forums and public input. The park is categorized as a community
     park relative to size and amenities but is accessed from a residential neighbor-
     hood. Many issues were discussed regarding improvements at Poppleton
     some of which include a landscaped berm along Woodward Avenue, walking
     path, additional parking, amenities such as benches, trash receptacles and
     drinking fountains, a soccer field and improved aesthetics. Due to the variety
     of ideas presented regarding Poppleton, the capital improvements schedule
     includes a master plan and schematic design for the park as well as the
     submittal of a grant application to the Michigan Department of Natural
     Resources (MDNR) for funding assistance to implement the design.

     Playground Equipment
     The Engineering and Public Services Department has, for many years, re-
     moved and replaced obsolete playground equipment within the city parks
     and will continue this replacement and improvement plan, over the next five
     years, with several parks identified each fiscal year. Parks designated for
     upgrades in the capital improvements schedule were determined by age and
     safety of existing equipment as well as the equitable distribution of upgrades
     throughout the city.

     Property Acquisition
     One of the most critical issues in regards to the expansion and addition of
     recreation facilities within the city is the availability of land. The City of
65   Birmingham is an urban community with high property values, where vacant,
     affordable property is a rarity. A line item has been identified in each year to
     acquire land with the potential to be developed for the purposes of expanding
     and/or providing additional recreation facilities such as a community center
     and soccer fields. The Eton Road Corridor Plan specifically identified the
     possibility of purchasing land within the corridor for development as additional
     recreation facilities. Two properties identified in the recreation inventory, the
     Barnum Health Facility and Roeper School, contain significant greenspace and
     should be targeted for acquisition for recreational purposes.

     Feasibility Study for Community Center
     Interest in a community center was expressed during the recreation planning
     process. Ideas for site development include the provision of a community
     pool, fitness center and an additional ice skating surface. Due to the com-
     plexity of funding, siting and constructing a community center within an
     urban city, a line item has been included in the capital improvements sched-
     ule to conduct a feasibility study for a community/civic center in the City of
     Birmingham. It is envisioned that this study will include a polling of commu-
     nity opinion in regards to programming, site, size, cost and payment methods
     as well as a professional investigation into possible site selections, designs,
     amenities, size and construction costs. Additional programming was a critical
     issue discussed throughout the public participation process. The community
     center feasibility study should have a strong focus on the identification of
     programs and facilities desired at a central location. It should also identify
     opportunities for public/private partnerships. Anticipating the possibility that
     a community center will prove feasible, a line item has been included in
     2005 to acquire a site and begin leveraging funds for construction.

     Rouge Trail Development
     The Birmingham 2016 Plan identifies the development of a green corridor
     along the Rouge River from Booth Park to Lincoln as a high priority project.
     The plan recognizes the value that the publicly owned corridor provides and
     the opportunity to connect neighborhoods to each other, to parks and to the
     downtown. The development of the corridor will also provide access to
     natural areas and unique recreational activities. Strong public opinion was
     voiced at the community forums for continuous, accessible and safe pathways
     throughout Birmingham. A fragmented, woodchip pathway currently exists
     along the Rouge River from approximately Linden Park to Booth Park on the
     city’s west side. Trail improvements have been proposed during the 2001
     fiscal year. The scope and extent of this project have not yet been defined but
     it is anticipated that trail surface improvements, signage and erosion control
     will be included.

     Golf Courses
     Site improvements are nearing completion at Lincoln Hills with an irrigation
     project funded this year (FY2000). The City of Birmingham completed a
     Nine-Hole Remodel Master Plan for Springdale Golf Course in 1998. The
     plan recommends hole remodeling, tree plantings, green changes, etc. Phase
     One improvements are currently funded and slated for construction during
     the fiscal year 2000. The capital improvements schedule includes provisions
     for Phase Two and Three at Springdale during fiscal year 2001. The schedule
     also recognizes the need for an updated clubhouse at Lincoln Hills with
66
     implementation slated for the final year of the plan.
     Inline Rink
     With the popularity and participation in inline hockey and inline skating
     continuing to rise, the need for a space to partake in these activities was
     identified at the community forums. It is recommended in the year 2001 to
     construct an inline skating rink with possible site selection being Kenning
     Park due to available parking and space. Suggestions were made to construct
     an outdoor inline rink with boards and if possible to include a track type
     configuration around the rink for inline skaters that do not wish to play
     hockey.

     Outdoor Sand Volleyball
     The remnants of an outdoor, grass volleyball court are evident at the Lincoln
     Well Site on the city’s southwest side. The capital improvements schedule
     proposes to make improvements to this site including the development of a
     well-maintained sand volleyball court. The addition of a small number of
     benches, trash receptacles and picnic tables will further the use and enjoy-
     ment of the park.

     Designated Bike Route
     As was stated in the discussion regarding the Rouge Trail development, strong
     public opinion was voiced at the community forums for continuous, acces-
     sible and safe pathways throughout Birmingham. While the development of
     the Rouge Trail will undoubtedly increase the enjoyment and accessibility to
     one of the primary natural features in the community, the need for an im-
     proved designated bike route throughout the city was identified. The city
     currently has signage in place indicating a bike route, but there is no officially
     designated space for bicycles and the existing route is incomplete. Improved
     route selection, signage and designated space for bikes within rights-of-way
     are suggested in the capital improvements schedule. The implementation of
     this project will require increased coordination between city departments and
     the awareness of the need for the project as roads are widened, resurfaced
     and repaired.

     Quarton Lake Park Improvements
     Participants in the public forums requested improvements to Quarton Lake.
     Recommendations include the extension of walking trails, additional land-
     scaping, stream access and stream bank restoration, and the addition of
     benches and picnic tables. In addition, it is recommended that a deterrent to
     the large Canada Goose population be implemented.

     The following capital improvements table details the anticipated improve-
     ments and development for the years 2000-2005. The schedule is organized
     by year and includes project names, cost estimates as well as a breakdown of
     those costs by the anticipated funding sources (See Appendix D for descrip-
     tions of the various funding opportunities). A map is also included identifying
     the location of the proposed improvements.




67
     Capital Improvements Schedule
     Program Year               Project Description                  Cost Estimate          Possible Funding Source            Origination

     2000                  Ice Arena*
                             Replace center bleachers                  $125,000              GF, CPF                         Current Budget
                             Matting for locker rooms                  $14,000               GF, CPF                         Current Budget
                             Compressor Overhaul                       $15,000               GF, CPF                         Current Budget

                           Lincoln Hills Golf Course*
                             Irrigation Project                        $250,000              Golf Course Reserves            Current Budget
68




                           Springdale Golf Course*
       Capital Actions




                             Phase One Improvements                    $144,250              Golf Course Reserves            Current Budget

                           Kenning Park*
                             Replace tennis facility roof              $12,000               GF                              Current Budget

                           Baldwin Park*
                             Pedestrian Bridge (Dam)                   $2,000                GF                              Current Budget

                           Poppleton Park*
                             Resurface Tennis Courts                   $35,000               GF                              Current Budget

                           General*
                            Lumber/Playground Equipment                $4,000                GF                              Current Budget
                            Replace Playground Equipment               $35,000               GF                              Current Budget
        Tactical Actions




                           Poppleton Park Master Plan
                             Design                                    $2,000                GF                              Public Forum
                             Grant Application                         $8,000                GF                              Public Forum




* City of Birmingham: Approved 1999-2000 Budget             GF=General Fund                            TEA-21=Transportation Enhancement (MDOT)
                                                            CPF=Capital Projects Fund                  PD=Private donations
                                                            CMI=Clean Michigan Initiative              UCFP=Urban Community Forestry Program
                                                            CDBG=Comm. Dev. Block Grant                TBD=To Be Determined

                                                                            68
   Capital Improvements Schedule
   Program Year                 Project Description                               Cost Estimate     Possible Funding Source                   Origination

   2001
                              Springdale Golf Course*
                                Phase Two/Three Improvements                     $154,950            Golf Course Reserves            Current Budget

                              Kenning Park
                                In-line Skating Rink (Outdoor w/boards)          $60,000             GF                              Public Forum
                                Restroom/Shelter                                 $70,000             GF                              Public Forum/Parks Board
     69




                              Lincoln Well Site
                                Sand Volleyball Court                            $15,000             GF                               Parks Board
            Capital Actions




                              Derby Well Site
                               Dog Park                                          $85,000             GF, PD                          Public Forum

                              Park Signage (city-wide program)                   $60,000             GF, CDBG, PD                     Staff

                              Benches/Trash Receptacles/
                              Drinking Fountains/Picnic Tables                   $140,000            CDBG, PD, GF                     Public Forum

                              Howarth Park
                               Fencing                                           $6,000
                               Playground Equipment                              $12,000
                               Refurbish Ball Diamond                            $2,000              GF, CDBG                        Staff

                              Landscaping/Beautification                         $15,000             GF, PD, UCFP                    Public Forum
           Tactical Actions




                              Property Acquisition
                                Investigate (and possibly purchase) potential
                                land acquisition opportunities                   TBD                                                 Public Forum

                              ADA Remediation                                    TBD                 GF, CDBG                         Staff



* City of Birmingham: Approved 1999-2000 Budget
                                                                    GF=General Fund                            TEA-21=Transportation Enhancement (MDOT)
                                                                    CPF=Capital Projects Fund                  PD=Private donations
                                                                    CMI=Clean Michigan Initiative              UCFP=Urban Community Forestry Program
                                                                    CDBG=Comm. Dev. Block Grant                TBD=To Be Determined

                                                                                           69
Capital Improvements Schedule
Program Year                 Project Description                         Cost Estimate       Possible Funding Source                   Origination

2002
                        Rouge Trail Improvements                                                                               2016 Plan
                         Surfacing                                         TBD
                         Erosion Control                                   TBD
                         Signage                                           TBD                GF, TEA-21, MNRTF

                        Poppleton Park Master Plan Implementation          $350,000           GF, CMI                          Public Forum
     Capital Actions




                         (tentative: walking path, berm, landscaping,
70




                         parking improvements, soccer, etc.)

                        Shain Park
                         Band Shell                                        TBD                 GF                              2016 Plan

                        Landscaping/Beautification                         $15,000            GF, PD, UCFP                     Public Forum

                        St. James Park
                          Tennis Court Resurfacing                         $60,000             GF                              Staff


                        Booth Park Master Plan
     Tactical Actions




                         Schematic Design                                  $10,000            GF                               2016 Plan/Public Forum
                         Grant Application                                 $2,500             GF                               Public Forum

                        Property Acquisition                               TBD                                                 Public Forum
                         Investigate (and possibly purchase) potential
                         land acquisition opportunities




                                                             GF=General Fund                            TEA-21=Transportation Enhancement (MDOT)
                                                             CPF=Capital Projects Fund                  PD=Private donations
                                                             CMI=Clean Michigan Initiative              UCFP=Urban Community Forestry Program
                                                             CDBG=Comm. Dev. Block Grant                TBD=To Be Determined


                                                                                   70
Capital Improvements Schedule
Program Year               Project Description                      Cost Estimate        Possible Funding Source                   Origination

2003
                        Quarton Lake Park Improvements                   TBD                                                      Public Forum
                         (conjunction w/ Engineering)

                        Booth Park Master Plan Implementation            $350,000                GF, MNRTF                        2016/Public Forum
     Capital Actions




                        Community Center Feasibility Study               $40,000                                                  Public Forum
71




                         Program/Facility needs analysis including
                         pool, ice surface and site and funding options)


                        Landscaping/Beautification                       $15,000                 GF, PD, UCFP                     Public Forum

                        Pembroke Park
                         Playground Equipment                            $15,000                 GF, CDBG                         Parks Board/Staff

                        Kenning Park
                         Playground Equipment                            $15,000                 GF, CDBG                         Parks Board/Staff
     Tactical Actions




                        ADA Remediation                                  TBD                     GF, CDBG                         Staff

                        Property Acquisition                             TBD                                                      Public Forum
                         Investigate (and possibly purchase) potential
                         land acquisition opportunities




                                                              GF=General Fund                               TEA-21=Transportation Enhancement (MDOT)
                                                              CPF=Capital Projects Fund                     PD=Private donations
                                                              CMI=Clean Michigan Initiative                 UCFP=Urban Community Forestry Program
                                                              CDBG=Comm. Dev. Block Grant                   TBD=To Be Determined

                                                                                71
 Capital Improvements Schedule
 Program Year                Project Description                         Cost Estimate       Possible Funding Source                   Origination

 2004
                        Designated Bike Route
                         Circulation Plan
     Capital Actions


                         Signage
                         Pavement Markings                                 $50,000               GF                               Public Forum

                        Trail extensions and pedestrian access             TBD                   GF, TEA-21                        Public Forum/Staff
72




                        Pedestrian Walkway at Maple/Eton                   TBD                   GF, TEA-1                         Public Forum

                        Landscaping/Beautification                         $15,000               GF, PD, UCFP                     Public Forum


                        Property Acquisition                               TBD                                                     Public Forum
     Tactical Actions




                         Investigate (and possibly purchase) potential
                         land acquisition opportunities




                                                             GF=General Fund                                  TEA-21=Transportation Enhancement (MDOT)
                                                             CPF=Capital Projects Fund                        PD=Private donations
                                                             CMI=Clean Michigan Initiative                    UCFP=Urban Community Forestry Program
                                                             CDBG=Comm. Dev. Block Grant                      TBD=To Be Determined

                                                                                 72
 Capital Improvements Schedule
 Program Year Project Description                                        Cost Estimate Possible Funding Source              Origination

 2005
                        Community Center
                         Site Acquisition/Funding                          TBD                  Bond, Millage,PD                 Public Forum
     Capital Actions




                        Lincoln Hills Golf Course
                          Clubhouse                                        TBD                  Golf Course Reserves             Parks Board
73




                        Landscaping/Beautification                         $15,000              GF, PD, UCFP                     Public Forum
     Tactical Actions




                        Property Acquisition                               TBD                                                   Public Forum
                         Investigate (and possibly purchase) potential
                         land acquisition opportunities

                        ADA Remediation                                    TBD                  GF, CDBG                         Staff




                                                                    GF=General Fund                                TEA-21=Transportation Enhancement (MDOT)
                                                                    CPF=Capital Projects Fund                      PD=Private donations
                                                                    CMI=Clean Michigan Initiative                  UCFP=Urban Community Forestry Program
                                                                    CDBG=Comm. Dev. Block Grant                    TBD=To Be Determined

                                                                                  73
     Appendix A
     City-Owned Property Map




74
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Water
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  PEMBR                                                                                          PEMBROKE
                                                                                                              KENWOOD CT.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     OAK                                                                                                                                                                           MOHEGAN                                                                                                    O KE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           HAZELWOOD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  WOODLAND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             BRO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   OXFORD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        GR A E
                                                                                                                                                                                                          OAK                                                                                                                                                                                   O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             MANCHESTER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        COOLIDGE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      KENNESAW




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        KSI




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         FI E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               VINEWOOD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               PAR K




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            DE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            LD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          GREENWOOD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             L A KE
                                                                                                                                                          CHESTERFIELD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    RIVENOAK                                                                                                                                                                                                 WINDEMERE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              LAKEVIEW




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ST. ANDREWS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 N. ETON
                                                                                                                                                                         FAIRFAX




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       WESTBORO



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            BALDWIN CT.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              EDENBOROUGH
                                                                                                                                                                                             SUFFIELD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ROSEDALE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   POPPLETON
                                                                                                                                                                                                           PILGRIM




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      WO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PURITAN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           MADISON




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         VIN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    OAKDALE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        OD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             BUCKINGHAM




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     RA
                                                                                                                                 MELBORNE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           WA

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           LAW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          BON




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              R
                                                                                                                     KIMBERLEY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          HARMON                                                                                                CLID                                                                                                                                              BUCKINGHAM




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                DA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           EU




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          NIE B




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   VE.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           WORTH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               PA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           OAKLAND




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ALE
                                                                                                                                               PINE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              DORCHESTER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 RK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          N. O


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               FER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            RIER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               POPPLETON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          BALDWIN

                                                                                                                                                                                                   PINE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             LD


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         DEWEY                                                                                                                LAN                                                                                                                      DORCHESTER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ALE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  WO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          K
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       OA                                                                                  RIDGEDALE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          RUGBY
                                                                                                                                  WINTHROP




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          CAMBBRIDGE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    OD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  YORKSHIRE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        LAK




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         WA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ES




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  KNOX                                 YORKSHIRE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  IDE




                                                                                                                                 FAIRVIEW                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  WARREN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         RANDALL                                                              CT.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              HAMILTON                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 E. MAPLE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              City Owned Property
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             WILLITS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                E. MAPLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             W. MAPLE                                         E. MAPLE

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                YOSEMITE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            YANKEE
                                                                                                                                    W. MAPLE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              MARTIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       FOREST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                S.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    OL
                                          RA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                N




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     DW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        OW




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ELM
                                                                                                                                                                                                            NGT ON




                                                  DN                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                VILLA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    BR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      WOODLAND




                                                    OR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             MERRILL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         OO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       CHESTNUT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  HAW HORNE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      VILLA CT.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              AS PEN




                                                                     AVON LANE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             DW




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        COLUMBIA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                A RLI




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      HAZEL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  AR
                                 D EVON LN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              TOWNSEND                                                                                              WN                                                                                                                                                            HAZEL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     T




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    D
                                              .                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               BRO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            LINDEN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             S                                                                           HAZEL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      DA INE
                                          WR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   BROWN                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BOWERS                       BOWERS
                                      N MA


                                                          EY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         BOWERS
                                                                 WYN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      IELD
                                                       LESL
                                     BRY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         HENRIETTA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        CHESTER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            PIERCE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          BATES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         WATKINS
                                                               BER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    THF




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           STANLEY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       K                                                                                                                                                HAYNES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   AN                                                                                                                                                                                HAYNES
                                                                           LE
                                                   WEL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ES .
                                                                                         EW




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              FR                                                                   HAYNES                                             YN CT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2000              0               2000       4000 Feet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SOU
                                                                          ARGY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    HA
                                                                                     GO L F VI




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    AN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   FRANK                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 HOLLAND




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     N
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  PU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    RD
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Y
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                GE
                                                                                                                                                                               PLEASANT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              OR                                                                                                                         WEBSTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   HANNA                                                                                                                                   GE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ARLINGTON




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ADAMS




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 COMMERCE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   WORTH
                                                                                                                                 WAY
                 CRANBROOK RD.




                                                                                                              GLENHURST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              GEORGE                                                                                                                                                                       COLE
                                                                                             CT.




                                                                                                                                                      LARCHLEA




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       GORDON LN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            .
                                                                                                                                 WESTCHESTER




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   LANDON
                                                                                         EA




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            FLOYD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CLARK
                                                                                     ODL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          WALLACE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     E. LINCOLN
                                                                                  WO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      E. LINCOLN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           TAUNTON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     W. LINCOLN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                TORRY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    FLOYD
                                                                                                 WOODLEA




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 S. ETON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         RUFFNER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           RUFFNER                                                                                                                        MELT
                                                                             .           N




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   L ATHA M
                                                                                 ARDEN L




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     EDGEWOOD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   GRANT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          HUMPHREY
                                                                                                                    W. LINCOLN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     CEDAR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     PIERCE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                HUMPHREY                                                                                                                  HUM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                URY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          P
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        CANT ERB                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 HR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    EY                                                 HE
                                                                                 ARDEN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              BENNAVILLE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  C
                                                               GOLFVIEW




                                                                                   LN.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            LT
                                                                                                                                          FAIRWAY                                                                                                                                                                                                                   NORTHLAWN                                                                                                                                                                  BENNAVILLE                                                                                                                                                                                    EN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     BA                                                                         HA M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  AY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    N                                                                                                                                                                                                           BENNAVILLE                                                                                                                                                                NB
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              IRW




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              THLAW                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    CHAPIN                                                  UR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            HANLEY CT.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       NOR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Y                                                               BL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              FA
                                          DE




                                                                                                                                               NORTHLAWN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       CHAPIN                                                                                           PEN                                                                                    TA
                                          L                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  NS
                                      SI




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           WASHINGTON




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           I ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                HENRIETTA




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     WO
                                     HI                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         CATALPA                                                                                                                                                                                                                          LD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      DU
                                     L




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            BIRMINGHAM




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ON                         FI E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            STANLEY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BATES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           SOUTHFIELD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         EMMONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               MARYLAND




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         OD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          SHIPMAN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 E                   EF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   EMMONS


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            WA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                SH
                                              GREENLAWN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       CRO


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              RD
                                                                                                                                                                                              GE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            CUMMINGS




                                                                                                                                                                                        ROU                                                                                           NORFOLK                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             F




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               MAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 N            T
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               SOUTHLAWN


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  AV
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 TAUNTO


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  E.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  SFI E L D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        DAVIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         SOUTHLAWN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        SMITH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     BRADFORD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   SOUTHLAWN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         BIRD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 14 MILE RD.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            City Land Inquiry February, 2000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Wade-Trim
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  WAKEFIELD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      LATHAM
                                                                                                                                  ER
                                                                                                                                 RIV




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SAXON                                                              14 MILE RD.

   14 MILE RD.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             July 2000
     Appendix B
     News Articles
     Public Media




75
     Appendix C
     Community Forum Results




76
                                             Critical Issues
                                             There are no soccer fields
                                             Availability of land is a big issue
                                             Need alternatives to chain link/cyclone fencing
Community Forum #1                           Park acquisition fund needed (Barnum, Roeper, Eton)
March 16, 2000                               No programs or places for teens to go
                                             Need curb cuts for access throughout city and parks
Baldwin Public Library: Rotary Room          No place for inline skating
Approximately 20 people in attendance        Lack of swing sets
                                             There isn’t a designated bike path
                                             No place for dogs to go
                                             Parks are not accessible to strollers and wheelchairs
                                             Geese problem at Quarton Lake (swans? Irrigation?)
                                             Variety of facilities is needed
                                             Does city need 2 golf courses?
                                             Need community opinion/analysis of 2 golf courses
  items above the line indicates             Need improvement of general aesthetics of parks
  those which received at least one          More creative/harmonious playground equipment
  vote                                       Pathways need to be continuous

                                             Wish List
                                             Dog parks
                                             Rollerblade facility
                                             Bike Paths
                                             Outdoor Pool
                                             Partnerships w/local merchants to provide programs,etc.
                                             Soccer fields
                                             Full-court basketball
                                             All parks need benches and tables
                                             Landscaped berm at Poppleton Park
                                             Booth Park needs iron fence, gazebo, sitting areas, natural ice rink, ballfield
                                             Purchase Roeper School property
                                             Art sculpture/water sculpture at Booth Park
                                             Corner of Maple and Baldwin needs cleaned up-benches-pedestrian bridge
                                             A center for programs
                                             Maintain neighborhood parks
                                             Outdoor Volleyball Courts
                                             Parks & Rec activities organized at parks for children
                                             Booth Park needs landscaping and paved trail
                                             Booth Park may be good for soccer
                                             Fountains/fish
                                             Sandboxes
                                             Climbing things
                                             Checker tables
                                             Bridges
                                             Hill to roll down
                                             Reading areas
                                             Kids City Commission
                                             Advertise walking tours along the river
                                             Disc golf should be considered
                                             Roeper School property—needs more swings
                                        77   Programs for singles
                                             Weekend programs for children/families
                                             Critical Issues
                                             Protection of Natural areas
Community Forum #2                           Funding/opportunity for land acquisition
                                             Availability of land
March 29, 2000                               Reforestation
Baldwin Public Library: Rotary Room          Water quality
                                             Procedures and policies for rollerblading
Approximately 45 people in attendance        Saftey & security for bikes and rollerbladers
                                             Lack of areas for dogs
                                             Major parking and speed issues along Oxford at Poppleton Park and no
                                             restrooms
                                             No place for outdoor ice skating
                                             Brownfield redevelopment for recreation (landfill/Eton Corridor)
                                             Erosion of Quarton Lake
                                             Incorporate environmental arts
  items above the line indicates
                                             Park security and maintenance
  those which received at least one
                                             Stronger coordination with school properties
  vote
                                             Lack of interpretation at Booth Park
                                             Lack of parking
                                             Neighborhood around Roeper is lacking in parkland already
                                             Park accessibility
                                             Presence of invasive species at Booth Park
                                             Limited passive recreation areas currently in Birmingham
                                             No neighborhood association around Poppleton
                                             Tap into existing funding sources
                                             Get state funding
                                             Park maintenance
                                             Policies for operation and design of facilities (site location/impact on neigh-
                                             borhoods)

                                             Wish List
                                             Soccer fields
                                             Safe, continuous paths
                                             Trees replaced with larger specimens
                                             Skateboard area
                                             Landscaped berm along Woodward at Poppleton
                                             Reintroduce original species and habitats
                                             Link parks together
                                             Swings for middle school age kids
                                             Seating at Parks
                                             Dog Parks
                                             Better policing of dogs at Booth Park
                                             Community Garden
                                             Restrooms at parks that are maintained and secure
                                             Protection from the sun at Booth Park
                                             Fitness Course
                                             Quarton Lake geese problem (dirty park)
                                             Outdoor pool
                                             Drinking fountains and restrooms at all parks
                                             Quality baseball diamonds
                                             Continuous path/walk that is wheelchair accessible (track)
                                        78   Plan for Booth Park
     More trash bins at Poppleton Park
     Park benches in shade at Poppleton
     Indoor recreational year-round pool (water slides, etc)
     Skate Park evaluation
     Wetland banking for passive recreation
     Better drainage at Booth Park
     Drinking fountain near play area at Poppleton
     Volunteer groups to assist in maintenance and funding
     Visual indicators to alert drivers of residential areas




79
     Appendix D
     Possible Funding Opportunities




80
     Michigan Natural Resources Trust Fund (MNRTF)
     The MNRTF provides funding for both the purchase of land (or interests in
     land) for recreation or protection of land because of its environmental impor-
     tance or scenic beauty, and the appropriate development of land for public
     outdoor recreation use. Goals of the program are to: 1) protect Michigan’s
     natural resources, and provide for their access, public use and enjoyment; 2)
     provide public access to Michigan’s water bodies, particularly the Great
     Lakes, and facilitate their recreational use; 3) meet regional, county and
     community needs for outdoor recreation opportunities; 4) improve the
     opportunities for outdoor recreation in Michigan’s urban areas; and 5) stimu-
     late Michigan’s economy through recreation related tourism and community
     revitalization.

     Any individual, group, organization or unit of government may submit a land
     acquisition proposal. However, only state and local units of government can
     submit development proposals. All proposals for grants must include a local
     match of at least 25 percent of the total project cost. There is no minimum or
     maximum for acquisition projects. For development projects, the minimum
     funding request is $15,000 and the maximum is $500,000.

     Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21)
     The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA) estab-
     lished a fund for Transportation Enhancement Activities. TEA 21 of 1998
     continued this program through the year 2003. Ten percent of the Surface
     Transportation Fund is set aside for these activities: provision of facilities for
     pedestrians and bicycles, provision of safety and educational activities for
     pedestrians and bicyclists, acquisition of scenic easements and scenic or
     historic sites, scenic or historic highway programs, landscaping and other
     scenic beautification, historic preservation, rehabilitation and operation of
     historic transportation buildings, preservation of abandoned railway corridors,
     control and removal of outdoor advertising, archaeological planning and
     research, environmental mitigation and the establishment of transportation
     museums. Local match must be a minimum of 20 percent. Matching funds
     can include private donations and/or federal funds.

     Recreation Improvement Fund Grants (RIF)
     This program provides funds for the development of recreational trails,
     restoration of areas damaged by off- road vehicles and clean up of inland
     lakes. Trails must be more than of “local significance,” must pass “through” a
     community and must accommodate a wide array of public recreational uses
     (walking, biking, horses, etc.) RIF is not available to local units of government
     unless in partnership with the MDNR. Grants are available for state forest
     land or public property only. Applications are due by July 1 of each year, and
     funding requires a 25 percent local match.

     Urban and Community Forestry Program
     This MDNR program provides information and technical assistance to munici-
     pal governments and volunteer groups for urban and community forest
     activities such as tree inventories, management plans, planting and other
     maintenance activities. Grant requests may be up to $20,000. Local units of
81   government and non-profit organizations are eligible.
     Global Releaf
     Global Releaf of Michigan is a grassroots, volunteer, not-for-profit organiza-
     tion created by The American Forestry Association. Assistance is available for
     joint tree plantings within communities. Global Releaf of Michigan will help
     communities with site selection, arrange for the acquisition and delivery of
     the plant material and provide technical assistance and instruction on the day
     of the planting. Applications are most successful when submitted by a non-
     government organization that has support and commitments from the munici-
     pality.

     Clean Michigan Initiative (CMI)
     The $675 million general obligation bond is slated for seven categories of
     projects: Brownfield Redevelopment and Environmental Cleanup ($335M),
     Protect and Enhance Michigan’s Lakes, Rivers, and Streams ($165M), Reclaim
     and Revitalize Local Waterfronts ($50M), Make Critical State Park Improve-
     ments ($50M), Enhance Local Parks and Recreational Opportunities ($50M),
     Pollution Prevention ($20M), and Protect Public From Lead Hazards($5M).

     Grants to enhance local parks and recreation opportunities are between
     $15,000 and $750,000 and are awarded to local units of government to
     implement projects based on locally defined needs. Applicants are required
     to demonstrate the project’s need in a comprehensive recreation plan and
     provide at least 25 percent of the project’s costs as local match. The con-
     struction and renovation of public outdoor and indoor recreation facilities
     such as recreation centers, sports fields, playgrounds, non-motorized trails,
     nature centers, fishing piers and swimming pools are eligible projects. The
     bond funds will assist local projects that cannot be assisted under the MNRTF
     program either due to funding limitations or MNRTF funding requirements.
     Applications are due September 1, 2000 and April 1, 2001.

     Ford Foundation Community Forestry Initiative
     Grants are available through the Ford Foundation for short-term organiza-
     tional development grants for domestic, community-based forestry projects.
     Phase One is designed to assist grantees to refine their strategic plan and/or
     project concept prior to moving on to implementation. Maximum grant
     request is $40,000. RFP’s are available on-line through the Ford Foundation
     and Aspen Institute at http://www.aspeninstitute.org/rural.

     Trust For Public Land (TPL)
     The Trust For Public Land is a private nonprofit land conservation organiza-
     tion that works nationwide to conserve land for people. TPL specializes in
     real estate, applying its expertise in planning, negotiation, public finance and
     law to protect land for public use. Working with private landowners, com-
     munities and government agencies, TPL has helped protect almost 1 million
     acres nationwide for people to enjoy as parks, playgrounds, community
     gardens, recreation areas, historic landmarks and wilderness lands. The TPL’s
     capital funds for land acquisition allow it to quickly take land off the market,
     enabling TPL to “hold” the land for a public agency or conservation group to
     raise the funds and buy the land from the TPL, typically at or below the fair
     market price.
82
     Inland Fisheries Grant Program
     This program provides funding to local units of government, school districts
     and conservation-oriented organizations to enhance inland fishing opportuni-
     ties. The types of projects that are eligible include: fish habitat restoration;
     bank stabilization; upland erosion control; fish culture; and fishing access
     development and improvement, such as fishing piers and platforms, boat
     ramps and parking lots. The maximum grant is $30,000 per project, and the
     grantee must provide at least 50 percent of the project’s cost. The application
     deadline is March 31 of each year.

     Natural Heritage Small Grants
     This program provides funds from the Nongame Wildlife Fund to all units of
     government, as well as groups and individuals to identify, protect, manage
     and restore native plant and animal species, natural communities, other
     natural features and to promote the knowledge, enjoyment and stewardship of
     Michigan’s native species and ecosystems for present and future generations.
     Grants range between $200 and $5,000. Proposals with matching funds are
     given higher priority. Application deadline is approximately December 1
     each year.




83
     Appendix E
     Resolutions of Adoption
     Letters of Transmittal to Oakland County, SEMCOG and MDNR
     Certification Checklist




84
                                                      Fiscal Year
                                         0      1      2         3      4      5
         Project                      200    200    200       200    200    200

Lincoln Hills Golf Course
   Irrigation Project
   Clubhouse


Springdale Golf Course
  Phase One Improvements
  Phase Two/Three Improvements


Kenning Park
  Replace Tennis Facility Roof
  In-line Skating Rink
  Restroom/Shelter
  Playground Equipment


Baldwin Park
  Pedestrian Bridge (Dam)


Poppleton Park
  Resurface Tennis Courts
  Master Plan Schematic
  Grant Application
  Master Plan Implementation


Lincoln Well Site
   Sand Volleyball Court


Derby Well Site
  Dog Park


Howarth Park
  Fencing
  Playground Equipment
  Refurbish Ball Diamond


Rouge Trail Improvements
  Surfacing
  Erosion Control
  Signage

                                 85
                                                          Fiscal Year
                                             0      1      2         3      4      5
           Project                        200     00     00        00     00     00
                                                 2      2         2      2      2
Shain Park
  Band Shell


St. James Park
   Tennis Court Resurfacing


Booth Park
  Master Plan Schematic
  Grant Application
  Master Plan Implementation


Quarton Lake Park
  (conjunction w/ Engineering)


Pembroke Park
  Playground Equipment


Community Center
  Feasibility Study
  Site Acquisition/Funding


Landscaping/Beautification


Park Signage (city-wide)


Benches/Trash Receptacles/Drinking
Fountains/Picnic Tables


Property Acquisition


ADA Remediation


Designated Bike Route
  Circulation Plan
  Signage
  Pavement Markings


Trail extensions/pedestrian access


Pedestrian walkway at Maple/Eton
                                     86

				
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