Head lice are catchy and are passed on
through direct contact with an infested
They are also transmitted through sharing of
combs, brushes, hats and caps.
1. Pediculosis capitis
Located on the head and
commonly known as Head Lice.
2. Pediculosis corporis o
Human Lice that can be found
on the body or in clothes.
3. Pediculosis del pubis
Caused by Phthirus pubis.
It is located in the pubic area.
PEDICULO CAPITIS: Characteristics
•Head lice are bloodsucking,
wingless insects that live
exclusively on human heads
and feed on human blood.
•In her lifetime, the female
louse lays between 80 and
100 eggs. There can be up to
ten adult head lice on an
The eggs, which are
called nits, are attached
tightly to hair close to
Nits, which are
colour, hatch about eight
days later and mature in
another eight to nine
PEDICULOSIS CAPITIS: Symptoms,
signs and complications
An early symptom of a head lice infection is
itching and scratching.
Another sign is the appearance of a rash, which is
often found behind the ears and on the back of
Tiny red or black louse droppings on the collar,
shoulders, back or pillows.
PEDICULOSIS CAPITIS: Treatment
1. Apply 1% permethrin shampoo to the
affected head, The hair must be dry.
The product should kill any living lice
2. Cover the head with a plastic shower
cap, The shampoo, combined with the
heat building up inside the shower cap,
kills the lice. Leave this on for at least 6
3. Do not dry the hair or apply other lotion
after the shampoo.
4. You can use home remedies for lice
treatment – such as vinegar rinses (5cc
of vinegar + 100cc of water).
Vinegar makes the hair slippery and
makes it difficult, if not impossible, for
the nits/lice eggs to adhere to the hair.
Getting Rid of Lice in the House
Getting rid of lice in the house, while time
consuming, is not nearly as 'impossible' as the
hype would have us to believe.
Vacuum all carpeted surfaces.
All clothing should be washed in hot water and
dried on high heat.
All bedding should be washed in hot water and
dried on high heat for 20 minutes.
All pillows and/or stuffed animals can be put into
the clothes dryer for 20 minutes on high heat or
sealed inside a trash bag for 2 weeks to a month.
Wash any combs, brushes or hair items in very hot
water or simply throw them away.
Lice Egg Treatment
Getting Rid of Lice Eggs
1. Comb hair regularly
throughout the day, until all
eggs are removed.
2. Remove eggs with your hand.
Whilst this is time consuming,
it is extremely effective.
If eggs are not removed, they
will become lice in 5-7 days
and their life cycle will begin
again - staying alive by
Education. Learn about lice and hot to treat an
Avoid physical contact with people who have not
finished their lice treatment.
Tell your children not to use others' combs,
helmets, hair brushes, caps, hats, towels or
anything which can be used on the head and hair.
Check towels, beds and blankets regularly.
Listen to your children when they say, “My head
Lice can affect anyone and everyone.
Lice equally infest both washed and unwashed
hair. A lice infection is not a sign of poor hygiene
hygiene – lice like clean heads.
Lice move by crawling and cannot fly.
Lice do not appear because you are sad.
Your child will not get infected with lice from any
pets, as lice do not live on animals.
Normas para el tratamiento de la pediculosis - Ministerio de Salud
Atlas de dermatología:
- Dermatosis Tropicales Nº 3 Infecciones Parasíticas
- Dermatosis Pediátricas
- Las afecciones del cabello y del cuero cabelludo - Schering Cia.
• Atlas A., Parasitología Clínica, editorial Mediterráneo
• Serie clínica
– Parasitología al día, FLAP (Federación Latinoamericana de
– Boletín de Parasitología
SAY GOODBYE TO LICE!!!