NCBACLUSA Farmer-to-Farmer Progr by fjzhangxiaoquan


									            NCBA/CLUSA Farmer-to-Farmer Program
Project in support of millet harvest techniques and storage for Kayemor
                              village farmers

                                     Prince Addae

                               Volunteer Trip Report

                      Recommendations to the Host Organization

Assignment Information

1. Your name: Prince Addae
2. The name of the host organization: Kayemor Village Farmers
3. The dates of the assignment: October 30 - November 13, 2010


1. Harvest early
   a. Harvest early when the millet reaches maturity.
      Delay in harvesting predisposes the millet to insect and disease infestation.

2. Drying in the field
   a. Cover the ground with a plastic sheet before piling the harvested heads on it to
      prevent pests from entering into the stack from the ground.
   b. Cover the top of the stack with a plastic sheet to prevent rodents and birds entering
      into the stacks.

3. Process the grain early
   a. Processing the grain soon after drying will reduce the five month long waiting
      period whereby the millet is prone to insect and pest infestation.
   b. The grain should be dried further after processing if the moisture content is high
       (greater than 13%) before packaging into bags for storage.
4. Grain bagging
   a. The grain should be placed in triple containment bags as demonstrated to the
      farmers at Kayemor.
   b. It is critical that the air in the bags is removed by twisting the top of each bag
      and tying it twice to prevent air from entering during storage.
   c. It is advisable to store grain in smaller quantities, e.g. in 50 kg batches so that if
      a bag is opened, the grain would be used up before another is opened

5. Storage room
   a. The storage room should be sprayed with insecticides by following all the
      instructions on the labels.
   b. The recommended waiting period (about 3-4 days) should be strictly observed
      before putting the bags of grain into the storage place.
   c. The bags should be placed on pallets in the store room instead of placing them
      directly on the floor
   d. The store room should always been kept clean; If there are spillovers on the floor
       after bags are opened, discard this millet.
   e. Bags from one year’s harvest should be stored separately from the previous years
      harvest in the same storage room.

6. Storage period
   It is expected that using the triple bags containment will extend the storage period for
   over one year or more and maintain the quality of the grain. Long period of storage in
   triple containment bags will ensure food security for the farmers and their families.

I thank Eric Wallace and the NCBA/CLUSA at Washington DC and USAID who
sponsored my trip to Senegal for the Farmer to Farmer program. The hospitality of the
CLUSA-Senegal office at Kaolack including, Alphonse Faye, Director of CLUSA, Dame
Sow Agricultural Officer, CLUSA and Yaguemur Diop, Coordinator of Farmer to Farmer
program in Senegal are very much appreciated. I also thank Danielle Stoermer and
Megan Hyatt, the Peace Corps volunteers working with the farming communities in the
Kaolack region. The participation of Kode Ndiaye of Symbiose, NGO working in the
Kayemor area for the demonstration and training of the farmers is appreciated. Many
thanks go to Dr Larry Murdock and his Purdue Improved Storage of Cowpea (PICS)
project team for supplying me with the PICS bags for demonstration of triple
containment of millet for storage. Lastly, I thank the farmers at Kayemor for their time,
patience and cooperation to make the meetings and the training session a great success.

Eric Wallace, NCBA/CLUSA office, Washington D.C
Alphonse Faye, Director of CLUSA, Senegal
Dame Sow, Agricultural Officer, CLUSA, Senegal
Yaguemur Diop, Coordinator of Farmer to Farmer program, Senegal
Danielle Stoermer, Peace Corps Volunteer, Senegal
Megan Hyatt, Peace Corps Volunteer, Senegal
Kode Ndiaye, Symbiose, NGO, Kayemor
Farmer to Farmer Program USAID, Senegal
Derreck Ekanem, USAID Wulanafaa, Senegal
Patrice Beaujault, Wulanafaa, Senegal
Jeffrey Povolny Chief of Party, USAID Wulanafaa, Senegal
Joani Dong, USDA Senegal

      Achievement of Objectives, Anticipated Impacts and Observations
Assignment Information

1. Your name: Prince Addae
2. The name of the host organization: Kayemor Village Farmers
3. The dates of the assignment: October 30 –November 13, 2010

Achievement of Objectives

1. List assignment objectives from the Scope of Work
   The farmers will learn better harvesting and storage techniques of their millet.

2. Assess your success in fulfilling the objectives.
   I was successful in communicating to about 32 farmers, the importance of early
   harvesting when the millet are mature; the need to process their millet early after
   harvest and the use of storage techniques that prevent insect infestation and extend
   the storage period longer.
   The farmers were trained to use triple bags containment of their millet instead of their
   single bag containment to prevent storage losses due to insect infestation.
   The storage room must be sprayed with insecticide to control termites and other
   storage pests before placing this year’s millet in the store.

3. Were there changes in the objectives during your assignment? If so, explain
   what the changes were and why they occurred. Did you work on objectives or in
   areas other than those specified in the Scope of Work? If so, explain what they
   were and why your work extended to those areas.
   There were no changes in the objectives in my assignment. However, during my
   discussions with the farmers, they indicated that besides storage problems, the
   infestation of parasitic weed striga, poor soil fertility and salinity were major
   problems they encountered.
   It was suggested to CLUSA-Senegal that the recommendations made by Joel
   Ransom, (volunteer) on Striga control and presented to Keur Ali Gueye millet
   farmers should be made available to the Kayemor farmers because these
   recommendations would be useful to them.

   There are plans to send a volunteer to address Soil fertility problems in 2011.

Key Results and Anticipated Impacts

1. What specific actions do you realistically hope to see the hosts take in
   implementing your recommendations?
   I expect the farmers to harvest their millet early when they are mature. I hope the
   farmers will pursue their intentions to purchase a processing machine in order to
   process their millet soon after drying to reduce pest infestations from the long storage
   period (October-March) in the field.
   I also wish that the farmers will procure the storage bags that were used to
   demonstrate the triple containment of millet for storage. Although the two inner
   plastic bags to be used for the triple containment were not immediately available at
   Kayemor, the Director of CLUSA, Senegal will find the source of the bags from some
   manufactures at Kaolack or Dakar and inform the farmers.

2. How do you anticipate the economic well being (or income) of the host will
    improve as a result of implementing your recommendations?
   The women at the meetings expressed their frustrations on the poor quality of the
   stored millet when preparing meals for their families. They indicated that they lose
   30% of the stored millet due to its poor quality from their storage technique.
   My recommendation for triple containment for storing millet is expected to extend the
   storage period for over one year or more while maintaining the quality of the millet.
   A long storage period will improve their food security and the farmers will be able to
   sell their grain at a higher price during the off season (July/August) compared to the
   low price they obtain at harvest time (September/October). They will earn more
   income, this will improve the economic well being of the host farmers as a result of
   implementing my recommendations.

During your assignment, you collected the names and contact information of
farmers or business people you trained. Please provide a list of them here, or as an
attachment. This is essential in order for NCBA/CLUSA to be able to follow-up on
your assignment.

List of Contacts
   1. Alphonse Faye – Director of CLUSA- Senegal
   2. Dame Sow Agricultural Officer, CLUSA
   3. Omar Diop- Evaluation and Impact, CLUSA
   4. Yaguemar Diop Farmer to Farmer Coordinator- Senegal
   5. Danielle Stoemer, Peace Corps volunteer
   6. Megan Hyatt, Peace Corps volunteer
   7. Derreck Ekanem, USAID, Wula Nafaa, Senegal
   8. Patrice Beaujault, Wula Nafaa, Senegal
   9. Jeffrey J. Povolny, Chief of Party USAID, Wula Nafaa, Senegal
   10. Joani Diong FSA, USDA Senegal

   List of farmers and others trained on harvesting and storage techniques

   – See Appendix 1.

Host Profile Data

   1. Did you obtain any data that supplements or corrects the data in the existing
      Host Profile? If so, please list it here.

       No new data was obtained
   2. Observations about the host organization (optional). Share your impressions
      of the host organization. NCBA/CLUSA appreciates your assessment of the
      likelihood of the host organization’s success in the future, their weaknesses
      and strengths, etc.
      The host organization is a well-organized farming community. However, they
      have to wait for about five months before a processor arrives at the village to
      begin processing their millet. They are determined to raise funds to purchase a
      machine to process their millet early. This would limit the amount of exposure
      and susceptibility to pest infestations and would ensure a higher quality product.
      The processing machine is expensive and it could take the farmers a long time to
      raise the necessary funds to purchase it.

Recommendations to NCBA/CLUSA (optional)
   1. NCBA/CLUSA is very interested in your assessment of what should be done
      next to assist the host organization. Should NCBA/CLUSA continue to send
      volunteers to this host organization? In what areas do you feel the hosts
      could use additional volunteer assistance? These recommendations will be
      confidential, and not shared with the host organization.

   a. NCBA/CLUSA could assist the farmers in purchasing the processing machine for
      them because the group may not be able to bear the entire cost.

   b. NCBA/CLUSA, Symbiose, Peace Corps, USAID/Wulanafaa should work together
      and identify the role(s) each organization will play to complement each other in
      helping the Kayemor farmers. For example, there is a Peace Corps volunteer
      Danielle Stoermer staying at Kayemor village and helping the farmers in their
      farming practices. She would help in the implementation of the recommendations
      made by USAID/CLUSA volunteers on storage techniques, striga control, soil
      fertility with the farmers.
  c. A volunteer would be needed to provide advice on farming on saline soils.

  d.   I suggest that all recommendations made by volunteers on farming practices
       should be compiled into a manual and used by CLUSA-Senegal for training

   2. NCBA/CLUSA is also very interested in your recommendations on how the
      logistics of your assignment can be improved for future volunteers. Please
      include any detailed comments and/or recommendations concerning pre-
      departure briefing, in-country briefing, hosts, assignment logistics, or
      Program Coordinator here.
   a. The logistics, departure briefing, in-country briefing, hosts including CLUSA
      Senegal and the Kayemor farmers and the efforts of the Program Coordinator Eric
      Wallace were commendable and I thank them for their efforts in making my trip

   b. I recommend that CLUSA-Senegal suggests to the management of Hotel de Paris
      to have on their staff those who can speak English to help volunteers who may not
      be able to speak the French language during their stay in the hotels. Otherwise the
      hospitality of Hotel de Paris was quite good.

Appendix 1. List of farmers and others trained on harvesting and storage

Name                           male /female          Organization/Village
1 Kode Ndiaye                      male               Symbiose, Kayemor
2 Ali Cisse                        male               Kayemor
3 Aliou Mbaye                      male               Kayemor
4 Moustapha Ndiaye                 male               Kayemor
5 Bocar Diallo                     male               Kayemor
6 Amaou Diaw                       male               Kayemor
7 Rokhy Cisse                      female             Padaff
8 Bole Ndiaye                       male              Kayemor
9 Daouda Diallo                    male               Ndimba
10 Mamadou Die Seck                male               Padaff
11 Ali Cisse                        male              Kayemor
12 Youssoupha Diaw                  male              Kayemor
13 Moussa Toure                     male              Thisse
14 Bassy Gueye                      male              Sam
15 Birame Cisse                     male               Kayemor
16 Coumba Toure                     female             Kayemor
17 Aliou Faye                       male              Kayemor
18 Kine Cisse                      female             Tene Peulh
19 Fatou Camara                     female            Kayemor
20 Bintou Toure                     female            Passy Kayemor
21 Pape Sene                        male              Sam
22 Guidom Ba                        male              Ndimba
23 TaphaSakho                        male             Kayemor
24 Macoumba Ndiaye                  male               Kayemor
25 Ousseynou Cisse                  male               Kayemor
26 Dame Cisse                       male               Kayemor
27 Mbaro Cisse                      male               Kayemor
28 El Faye                          male               Kayemor
29 Latyr Ngom                       male               Kayemor
30 Aliou Cisse                      male               Kayemor
31 Sokhana Niang                    male              Thisse
32 Dame Sow                        male               CLUSA-Senegal
33 Yaguemar Diop       male     Ftf Prog. Coordinator
34 Danielle Stoermer   female   Peace Corps volunteer /Kayemor
35 Meghan Hyatt        female   Peace Corps volunteer

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