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					Standard Grade          Physical Education



             FEEDBACK




                                             1
Standard Grade                   Physical Education


    Feedback is information received by a
     performer about their performance

  Feedback is very important when you are
                  learning

                 The footballer here is given
                 information, from the coach,
                 about the header he is
                 performing



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Standard Grade                      Physical Education



This gymnast is being given ‘feedback’ about her
headstand by her coach




She is receiving ‘external’ feedback’. Her coach
compares her performance against a checklist of
‘things to look for’ in a ‘good’ headstand
                                                         3
Standard Grade                                        Physical Education

For example:

                 Headstand
            ‘things to look for’

                                      Good Poor


   1. Controlled lift into position

   2. Wide triangular base with                   The gymnast is told by
   hands and head
                                                   her coach the things
   3. Body and legs in a straight
   line                                           that she is doing well.
   4. Weight on the forehead                       These are under the
   5. Toes pointed up
                                                  column marked ‘good’.
   6. Body steady in inverted
   position
   7. Controlled lowering of the
   legs


                                                                            4
Standard Grade                                       Physical Education



                Headstand
           ‘things to look for’

                                     Good Poor


  1. Controlled lift into position                The gymnast is also
  2. Wide triangular base with                    aware of the things
  hands and head                                  that she now has to
  3. Body and legs in a straight
  line
                                                 work on to improve her
  4. Weight on the forehead                       overall performance.
  5. Toes pointed up                                These have been
  6. Body steady in inverted                       highlighted by her
  position
                                                 coach under the ‘poor’
  7. Controlled lowering of the
  legs                                                   column

                                                                          5
Standard Grade                      Physical Education



This gymnast can also receive another type of
feedback during her performance.

                         She receives ‘internal’
                         feedback. Sometimes
                         called

                           ‘ Kinaesthetic
                              feedback’


                                                         6
Standard Grade                      Physical Education

What is ‘internal’ feedback?

If you were doing a headstand you would know if you
were unsteady, out of balance or not controlled.

Internal feedback lets the gymnast know where her
body parts are by the ‘feel’ of the movement. For
example, she will probably know that her body is not
steady when she is upside down in the headstand.
Her sense of balance will help her to know where she
is.

She will, therefore, attempt to correct those obvious
mistakes to make a better performance.
                                                         7
Standard Grade                 Physical Education

Knowledge of Results




                       This basketball player is
                       trying to improve his set
                       shot. He shoots over
                       and over from the same
                       spot on the floor




                                                    8
Standard Grade                     Physical Education

Knowledge of Results


This is used when measuring your success or
improvement by results, for example
Basketball set shooting
Day 1 – Take 20 set shots at the basket
Practise for a few sessions
Day 4 – Repeat the 20 set shots.
If you are more successful on day 4 – you have
improved. This is measured by the results

                                                        9
Standard Grade                   Physical Education


Task ‘A’

Who can you receive feedback from?

 A teacher          A coach          A partner


                    Yourself




                                                  10
Standard Grade                     Physical Education


Task ‘B’

How is the information collected by the teacher/coach
or partner?
Feedback from the teacher/coach/partner is usually
done by
                   OBSERVATION
or by an
           OBSERVATION & TICK CHECKLIST
and is gotten by comparing what was done against
what should have been done
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Standard Grade                      Physical Education


Task ‘C’

Can you think of another method of feedback that
would help you see the actions you were doing well
and those you needed to work on?

A video recording of you performing is a very useful
way of allowing the performer to see their
performance. The good thing about it is that it can be
viewed in slow motion, which is a great advantage,
because this lets the performer see fast, complex
actions e.g. a tennis serve.


                                                         12
Standard Grade                       Physical Education

Task ‘D’

Can you think of one method, where you received
feedback, when you were involved in swimming?
Explain how this helped you improve your
performance

My teacher told me that legs were not kicking
properly when I was doing the breast stroke. He told
me what they should be doing. I practised this, using
a float, concentrating on the leg action of the stroke
in order to improve this part of the skill.



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