Federalist and Republicans (PowerPoint) by yurtgc548

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									George Washington:

  America’s First

    President
        or
   Precedents?
1789-1796
Mount Vernon, Virginia
              Why George?
► Admired
► High character
► Symbol of unity and power
► Loyal to nation
► Great number of acquaintances
► Concerns
   Lacked governmental experience
   Lacked political theory knowledge
   Washington’s Domestic Policy
     of Rights
► Bill
► Government structure and precedents
    Cabinet
    Relation to Congress
    Terms in office
► Fiscal   and monetary policy
    Bank of United States created
► Whiskey    Rebellion
   Washington’s Domestic Policy
          Act of 1789
► Judiciary
► Congress established:
     13 districts
     3 courts of appeal
     Supreme Court
     John Jay first chief
      justice
            Washington’s Cabinet
►   Thomas Jefferson:
    Secretary of State


►   Alexander Hamilton:   1789 Congress created
    Treasury Department
                          a bureaucracy to handle
                          different responsibilities
►   General Henry Knox:
    Secretary of War


►   Edmund Randolph:
    Attorney General
        President of Precedents
► Limited senate control over appointments to
  approval only not removal
► President set foreign affairs; Senate advise and
  consent
► Act as Legislative Leader by sending bills to
  Congress
► Don’t attend Senate meetings
► Limit self to two terms
► Created balance on Supreme Court(3N, 3S)
         We’ve Got A Problem
► U.S. owed $54 million to foreign countries
  and individual bond owners.
► How to handle?
       How Do We Handle It?
► James  Madison suggested taxing imports
► Law required importers to pay a percentage of
  the value of their cargo when they landed in
  the United States
► Affected trade in Southern states
        Hamilton’s Economic Plan
► Pay  off creditors.
► Pay bonds bought by
  citizens
   Funding Bill. Debate
    over speculators vs.
    original owners.
► Pay   off state debts
   Assumption Bill.
    compromise
► Create   National Bank
 Bank of the United State (BUS)
► Hamilton   asked Congress to create a
  national bank. Argued the bank needed a
  way to manage its debts and interest
  payments.
► Madison opposed, argued against bank
  because Congress did not have the power
  specifically mentioned in the Constitution.
  (ENUMEATED POWERS)
      Compromise in Congress
► Madison   saw plan as unfair to Southerners
► WASHINGTON AGREED WITH HAMILTON
  AND SIGNED THE BILL
► NATIONAL BANK ESTABLISHED FOR 20
  YEAR PERIOD
► 1790, Hamilton's plan was accepted
► capitol of US would be moved from NY to the D.C.
► Capitol in South would cripple Northern majority
         Whiskey Rebellion, 1794
►   Washington sent nearly
    13,000 troops to crush the
    Whiskey Rebellion.
►   FIRST TIME THE
    FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
    WAS WILLING TO USE
    TROOPS AGAINST ITS
    OWN PEOPLE.
►   WORRIED MANY
    CITIZENS
      Washington’s Foreign Policy
► Avoid   War
     French Revolution
     Jay’s Treaty
     Pinckney’s Treaty
     Westward expansion
            French Revolution
► Many  sympathized with French. Citizen
  Genet.
► We owed them for Am. Revolution.
► Problem: we traded most with Britain
► Washington’s Policy:
   Neutrality.
   We will remain “friendly and impartial”
► Too   young, couldn’t afford war.
            Jay’s Treaty: 1794
► Britain seizing American vessels.
► Call for war.
► John Jay sent to resolve conflict.
► Britain given favored status and didn’t have
  to accept responsibility for taking ships.
► Unpopular in U.S. but we couldn’t go to
  war.
           Pinckney’s Treaty:1795
►   With Spain
►   Granted the United States
     the right to navigate the
      Mississippi River
     the right of deposit at the
      port in New Orleans
     Border to the Mississippi and
      south to 31st parallel
►   Support from western
    settlers/farmers
     Treaty of Greenville, 1795
► The  confederacy of Little Turtle sought to
  protect their land
► General Wayne defeated the confederacy at
  the Battle of Fallen Timbers
► 12 Indian nations signed the treaty, gave up
  part of southern Ohio and Indiana for yearly
  payments
► Americans want to move West
        Rise of Political Parties
► Federalists
► Democrats-Republicans
               Federalists
► Led  by Alexander Hamilton
► Wanted strong national government in the
  hands of the wealthy
► Believed trade and manufacturing as basis
  of wealth and power
► Urban, northern cities supported
        Democrat Republicans
► Led  by Thomas Jefferson and James
  Madison
► Referred to as Republicans
► Believed independent farmers as strength of
  United States.
► Ideas referred to as agrarianism
► Favored rights of the states
► Rural South and West supported
  Washington’s Farewell Address
► Avoid permanent foreign alliances
► Avoid political parties
► Neutrality
► Avoid sectionalism issues (North vs South)
           My Dear George
Two Letters
 1. Persuasive letter explaining why he
 should become our first President.

 2. Letter to George upon his leaving office
 detailing whether his administration was a
 success or failure. Be sure to address
 events to support your opinion.
   Resume: George Washington
► Marital  Status:
► Residence:
► Education:
► Occupations: (6)
► Historical Achievements: (4)
► Skills: (3)
► Hobbies: (2)
► Interesting Facts: (2)
        Questions to Consider
► How  did the first American political parties
  develop?
► What were the characteristics of the
  Federalist Party?
► What were the characteristics of the
  Democratic-Republican Party?
► How was the election of 1796 the first test
  for American political parties?

								
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