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Bill Clinton -Foreign Policy

VIEWS: 2 PAGES: 54

									Bill Clinton -Foreign Policy
Clinton as a Peacemaker
Key Foreign Policy Advisers




    Al Gore         Madeline Albright
 Vice President   2nd Secretary of State
                    NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement
• Created largest free
      trade zone

         Jobs
– Lost 127,000 (beginning)
– Created 2.5 million (end)


  • Traded doubled
between the 3 countries
Oslo Accords




Israel and the PLO
Oslo Accords
• Created Palestinian
    Authority (PA)
      – West Bank
      – Gaza Strip
• However, violence
  soon resumed on a
   more lethal scale
            Treaty of Peace
           Israel and Jordan




• Normalized relations    • US forgave a billion
between the 2 countries      debt from Jordan
Military Coup in Haiti (1991)




Clinton failed to oust Haitian strong man
              Raoul Cedras
Haitian Boat People
      Haiti (1994)




Jimmy Carter   Colin Powell
  Operation Uphold Democracy
• US threatened to
invade unless Cedras
gives up power
• US planes in the air
when Cedras gives up
power


                          Jean-Bertrand
                         Aristide returned
                          to power 1994
    North Korea




Kim Il Sung (Died 1994)
 Kim Jong Il -The Dear Leader
Wanted World Respect




Making Nuclear Weapons
North Korea –Agreed Framework
       (October 21, 1994)
                    North Korea
                – Will freeze and dismantle
                   nuclear bomb making
                           capability
                  – Inspectors permitted


                    United States
                – Provided $4 billion in aid
                  • Oil
                  • Light-water nuclear reactors
 Kim Jong Il -The Dear Leader
• Has $4 billion in Swiss
     bank accounts

• Owns 8 worldwide villas

• Bought 200 Mercedes S
   Class cars -$100,000
          (1998)

  • Owns over 200,000
         movies
   Vietnam
• Embargo lifted
–February 3, 1994

 • Recognition
  –July 11, 1995
Vietnam –Official Visit
 November 16, 2000
       Yugoslavia
“The powder keg of Europe”

                •   6 republics
                •   5 nations
                •   4 languages
                •   3 religions
                •   2 alphabets
                •   1 political party
Communist Josip Tito Died 1980




    Country goes into chaos
Break up of Yugoslavia
              Independence
             • Slovenia
               – June 25, 1991
             • Croatia
               – June 25, 1991
             • Macedonia
               – Sept. 8, 1991
             • Bosnia-
               Herzegovina
               – April 6,1992
 Serbia President
Slobodan Milosevic
“The Butcher of the Balkans”
• “Where ever there is a
  Serb, there is Serbia.”

• Sent Serbian forces to
  “protect” Serbs in other
           areas.
      – Croatia (1991)
 – Bosnia-Herzegovina (1992)
            Srebrenica, Bosnia
            July 13 – 22, 1995

 • UN safe haven

• nearly 8,000 men
      and boys
     executed

  • Hundreds of
    woman raped
  Operation Deliberate Force
  August 30 – September 20, 1995

• Military Action to
pressure Milosevic to
      negotiate

• First NATO military
         action
   (3,515 sorties)
   Dayton Accords
  December 14, 1995




• Ended the fighting in Bosnia
        Good Friday Agreement
            April 10, 1998




  • IRA agreed to the
  “cessation” all military
           action
• Political compromises
Russian-American Relations
The Cold War: Part II?

             Feels Like
            Containment

          New NATO Members
           • Czech Republic
              • Hungary
               • Poland
START II (2000)


          Warheads

         US:     3,500
         Russia: 2,997
Fighting Terrorism
USS Cole (October 12, 2000)
      Adem, Yemen




  • 17 killed and 39 wounded
 Osama
bin Laden
   and
Al Qaeda
Clinton and Military Action
Problems with Hussein and Iraq
     Operation Desert Strike
       September 3, 1996
Problem: 40,000 Iraqi troops gathered on the
       northern border of No Fly Zone




                 SUCCESS:
Iraqi Army withdrew from No Fly Zone Border
          Operation Desert Fox
         December 16 – 19, 1998
Problem: Hussein did not allow weapons inspectors access


 SUCCESS                                  FAILURE
 • over 100                             • Hussein still
    targets
  destroyed                             did not let UN
   set back                                weapons
 programs a                               inspectors
     year                               back into Iraq
        Somalia
Operation Restore Hope




               Mohammed
               Farah Aidid
Somalia –Operation Gothic Serpent
        October 3-4, 1993




      19 killed, 84 wounded
Presidential Decision Directive 25



United States is
  leaving the
 mission to the
United Nations
Blackhawk
   Down
  (2001)
    Rwanda –Hutu vs. Tutsi
            April – July, 1994




           800,000 killed in 89 days
1998 – Clinton makes visit, meets survivors and
   offers apology for not taking actions to help
Fighting Terrorism
Operation Infinite Reach
   August 20, 1998
  attacks on terrorist bases




Sudan             Afghanistan
  Memorandum of Notification

Clinton gave the
order to the CIA
  to use lethal
   force to kill
    bin Laden
Back to the Balkans
        Dayton Accords
-stopped Serbian forces in Bosnia
Slobodan
Milosevic
attacked
  Ethnic
Albanians
    in
 Kosovo
  The Kosovo War
Operation Allied Force




March 24 – June 10, 1999
Clinton Doctrine
         • “Genocide is in
            and of itself a
           national interest
          where we should
                   act.”
          • “. . . and if it’s
          within our power
           to stop, we will
                 stop it.”
Operation Allied Force




General Wesley Clark
Operation Allied Force
              • Over 38,000 sorties
                    – 2 planes hit
                   – No war deaths


                 • All 19 NATO
                 members had to
                 agree to bombing
                      targets

               • No ground troops
       Operation Allied Force
• Dogfight –Yugoslav
  fighter engaged by
   24 NATO fighters

  • 99.6% of 20,000
   bombs and missiles
     hit their targets
          (DOD)

• Hit Chinese embassy
        – 3 killed
   President Slobodan Milosevic

• Arrested April 1, 2001

• Trial February 12, 2002

• Died March 11, 2006

• Died Again March 6, 2007
You Got a Friend in Pristina




                Dedicated Nov 2, 2009
It’s not so foreign, anymore!

								
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