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ICT Poverty (PowerPoint)

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									ICT Connectivity:
A Real Life Experience

         Onno W. Purbo
        Onno@indo.net.id
      A Common Indonesian
References
   http://sandbox.bellanet.org/~onno/
   http://www.apjii.or.id/onno/

   Mailing List
       wifi4d@dgroups.org
Disclaimer ..
   I am a trained Engineer, not an
    economist, nor a regulator, nor a social
    scientist
   I tend to simplify things & may be
    wrong
       Some thought may be too extreme
       Consider this as an on going research work
Acknowledgment ..
   Thank you to my friends Basuki
    Suhardiman, Donny BU, Bona, Donny,
    Adi, Noor, Heru Nugroho, Judith, etc ..
    Who _voluntarily_ work hard to help
    the community.
The Experiences ..
   It is a long 10+ years process
       Not instant


   It is a self-finance process
       Not much support from the Government
       No World Bank Funding
       No IMF Funding
Indonesia 1993
   Internet Users        Few
   Cybercafe             None
   Schools on Internet   None
   ICT books             Few
   ICT Magazine          Few
10+ Years Later, Today ..
   7.5+ Million Indonesian Internet Users
   5000+ WiFi outdoor installations
   2000+ CyberCafes
   1500+ schools on the Internet
   1000+ Community Radio
   20+ ICT Magazines
   Hundreds ICT Books Title
   Hundreds Local ICT Authors
Who Done It?
   Mostly community based ..



   Not much gov’t funding & support
   No World Bank, no IMF funding
   Mostly self-finance
Community Based
Infrastructure
Major Technologies
   WiFi – for outdoor usage!
   VoIP
   Neighborhood Network
   Open Source Development Platform
Outdoor
WiFi
VoIP
Neighborhood
Network
Basic Strategies ..
   Consumer             Producer
   Supply driven        Demand driven
   Operator Based       Community Based




   Rely heavily on People’s Power.
   Informal Education Process is KEY
Principal Strategy
   Create A People’s Movement
       To Create Community Based Telecommunication
        Infrastructure.
       Provide Knowledge To People for Free whenever
        possible.



   Not much gov’t funding & support
   No World Bank, no IMF funding
   Mostly self-finance
Keywords for Success
   Education! Education! Education ..
   Encourage knowledge producer
   Knowledge Sharing


To Make Things Difficult
 No Money, Self-Finance ..

 Sustainable Process

 Bottom up

 Community based Development
Self-Finance
Demand Creation
Publish ~40 Books ..
Education is Key!
Comp. Lab. For Street Kids




   Source:
       Donny BU
       dbu@ictwatch.com
Used Equipments
Children Happy …
Stunned Others
We do more ..
   Run free talks on Internet at schools
   Facilitate Open Source Communities
   Currently 1500+ schools on Internet
       24.000+ high schools in Indonesia
   Mostly Self-Finance
       Some support Vocational School Director MoE
       Investment US$2000-US$4000/school
       50 cents/student/month – RoI ~1 Year
       Movement WiFi City WAN for School in 20 Cities.
   Million Indonesian Future Generation
    ICT Literate  Self-Finance
Stories Behind The Screen ..
   “Jihad” for
       Community Based ICT Infrastructure


   Low Cost & User Friendly Equipments
       From People
       By People
       For People
The Catch …
   A need A “Leader”
       The one who
           Has the vision
           Knows the way
           Shows the way
           Goes the way



   It’s not easy to find one  …..
Thank You
   Knowledge is power, Share It, It’ll Multiply.
    You‘ll see the real power of Knowledge.

   http://sandbox.bellanet.org/~onno/
   http://www.apjii.or.id/onno/

   Mailing List
       wifi4d@dgroups.org

								
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