PowerPoint Presentation - Islam

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An Introduction
 s-l-m -- “peace,” “surrender”
 Al-Ilah-- “the God,”
 Adam-Noah-SHEM
 Shem-Abraham-Ismail/Ishmael (37:99-111)
 Muhammad and Khadija (15 years +)
 The Cave on Mount Hira, hanifs: La ilaha
  illa’llah, There is no God but (the) God.
 “The Night of Power” (610 C.E.; 96:1-5)
                       Initial Reactions
 “The appeal throughout was to human
  reason vectored by religious discernment.”
  (Huston Smith)
 Hostility:
   threat to polytheistic beliefs and shrines
   moral teachings demanded end to licentiousness
   challenged an unjust social order
 But families start to convert; migrate to
  Yathrib (622 C.E.)
                                                     Key Events
570 (ca.) Muhammad born
610 Receives first revelation
622 Hijra to Yathrib
624 Battle of Badr (defeat the Meccans)
625 Battle of Uhud (defeated; betrayed by Jews?)
627 Battle of Trench (attackers leave; Islam status confirmed, spreads)
630 Victory over Quraysh
632 Muhammad dies
632-634 Caliphate of Abu Bakr
634-644 Caliphate of Umar
644-656 Caliphate of Uthman
656-661 Caliphate of Ali
680 Martyrdom of Husayn
661-750 Umayyad Dynasty
750-850 Abassid Dynasty
874 Occultation of Twelfth Imam
Islam in 632
Islam in 661
Islam in 750
Ottoman Empire, 1566
    Basic Theological Concepts
 One God
  inspires fear
  provides peace
  full of mercy
 Human person is of “finest state”
  (95:4), individual, free, responsible
 Divine Judgment (e.g., 14:13-18, 81)
           “Five Pillars” of Islam
 1. Shahadah:”There is no god but God,
  and Muhammad is His Prophet.”
 2. Prayer (salat). Five times/day,
  facing Mecca, ritual washing, postures
 3. Zakat. 2.5% of one’s assets/annually
 4. Ramadan.
 5. Hajj.
                  The Qur’an (Koran)
 al-qur’an -- “a recitation”
 Words are God’s, proclaimed by Muhammad,
  recorded on bone, bark, leaves, parchment,
  minds; God preserves the accuracy
 “To every people we have sent a messenger.
  . .” (10:47) (Other Scriptures)
    only portions of truth
    corrupted
 Divine Speech
 Directly doctrinal, indirectly historical vs.
  directly historical, indirectly doctrinal
                     Social Teachings
 “Keep arteries open”
 Increased rights to women
 Rejection of racism
 On force . . . (2:190-95)
 Jihad
   lit. “exertion”
   “holy war” = Christian “just war”
   as-salamu ‘alaykum
             Five Major Prophets
 Noah
 Abraham
 Moses
 Jesus
 Muhammad
Muslims, Jews, and Christians
        Muslims, Jews, and Christians
                   (2.111-121, cont.)

And who is more unjust than he who forbids
that in places for the worship of Allah, Allah's
name should be celebrated?-whose zeal is (in
fact) to ruin them? It was not fitting that such
should themselves enter them except in fear.
For them there is nothing but disgrace in this
world, and in the world to come, an exceeding
torment. To Allah belong the east and the
west: Whithersoever ye turn, there is the
presence of Allah. For Allah is all-
Pervading, all-Knowing.
        Muslims, Jews, and Christians
                   (2.111-121, cont.)
They say: "Allah hath begotten a son" :Glory be
to Him.-Nay, to Him belongs all that is in the
heavens and on earth: everything renders
worship to Him.
To Him is due the primal origin
of the heavens and the earth: When He
decreeth a matter, He saith to it: "Be," and it is.

Say those without knowledge: "Why speaketh
not Allah unto us? or why cometh not unto us a
Sign?" So said the people before them words of
similar import. Their hearts are alike. We have
indeed made clear the Signs unto any people
who hold firmly to Faith (in their hearts).
        Muslims, Jews, and Christians
                   (2.111-121, cont.)

Verily We have sent thee in truth as a bearer
of glad tidings and a warner: But of thee no
question shall be asked of the Companions of
the Blazing Fire. 
Never will the Jews or the
Christians be satisfied with thee unless thou
follow their form of religion. Say: "The
Guidance of Allah,-that is the (only) Guidance."
Wert thou to follow their desires after the
knowledge which hath reached thee, then
wouldst thou find neither Protector nor helper
against Allah.
Those to whom We have sent the
Book study it as it should be studied: They are
the ones that believe therein: Those who reject
faith therein,- the loss is their own.
     Militant Islam or Militant Christianity?

   Crusades
   Inquisitions
   European Colonialism
   American Neo-colonialism
   Creation of Israel
   Support of Authoritarian Regimes (including Saddam Hussein vs
   Bosnia
   Chechnya
   Palestinian-Israeli Conflict
   Indian rule over Kashmir
   Equating Islam w/ Radicalism
   and ????

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