; Verbs
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									      What is a transitive verb?
• A verb is transitive if someone or something in the
  sentence, either a noun or a pronoun, receives the
  verb’s action
• That something is called an object.
• You find the object by asking What? Or Whom?
      Sue bought a sweater at the sale.
      Sue bought what? A sweater

      Sue invited Paul to the movies.
      Sue invited whom? Paul
          More Examples…
• Loretta bought flowers.
  - Loretta bought what? flowers
  – The action of bought is directed toward the

• Joel held the baby.
  – Joel held what? the baby
  – The action of held is directed toward the baby
   What is an intransitive verb?
• A verb is intransitive if it doesn’t have an
  object. The verb passes the action, but
  nothing in the sentence receives the
• Intransitive verbs often answer the
  questions? How? Where? Or When?
• The Evans twins played quietly indoors
  the whole day.

• Lady Gaga sang beautifully.
  Check your understanding…
• Janet swam ten laps.
• Janet swam well.

• The teacher read a poem.
• The teacher read aloud.
• With transitive verbs, the action passes
  from the doer- the subject- to the receiver
  of the action. Words that receive the
  action of transitive verbs are called
• Remember the Object is the answer to the
  What? or Whom?
             Direct Objects
• A direct object will always be a noun or a
  pronoun, and it will always come after an
  action verb.
• The direct object receives the action of the

• How to find the d.o.?
  – Ask whom? or what? after the action verb.
• I met Dr. Mason.
  – I met whom? Dr. Mason
  – Dr. Mason receives the action of the verb met

• Tommy complimented Nadine on her new
  – Tommy complimented whom? Nadine
  – Nadine received the action of the verb
            Indirect Objects
• If the sentence has an indirect object, it
  will always be a noun or pronoun.
• To find:
  – First determine the direct object, and the ask
    to whom? for whom? or to what? about the
    direct object.
• Static electricity gives Ms. Reukema’s hair
  the frizzies.
  – The verb is: gives
  – Ask what after the verb: the d.o. is frizzies
  – Ask to what or to whom about the d.o.: you
    get hair… that is the indirect object.
              Give it a try
• Ms. Crankypants read her class a story
  about Toodles, the dysfunctional

  – Verb:

  – D.O.:

  – I.O.:
               Linking Verbs
• Expresses state of being. A linking verb
  connects the subject of the sentence to a
  word or word group that identifies or
  describes the sentence.

  – Fluffy’s hairball is hefty.
  – Amy looked pale.
        Common Linking Verbs
•   Am            •   Appear
•   Is            •   Become
•   Are           •   Feel
•   Was           •   Grow
•   Were          •   Seem
•   Will be       •   Remain
•   Can be
• The predicate of the sentence tells
  something about the subject of the
• Example:
  – The school bell rang.
  – Old Faithful is a giant geyser in
       Predicate Nominatives
• A predicate nominative is a word or word
  group that in the predicate that identifies
  the subject.

  – Example:
     • A dictionary is a valuable tool.
        – Tool is the p.n. because it identifies the subject
          Predicate Adjective
• The predicate adjective is an adjective that
  is in the predicate and that describes the

  – Example:
     • Cold water tastes good on a hot day.
        – Good is the p.a. that describes the subject water.
               Give it a try!
• The tasty eggplant dish is a favorite in

• Why is the dog acting so excited?

• The girl was tired after the difficult math
            Helping Verbs
• A helping verb helps the main verb
  express action or a state of being.

 Many people can speak more than one
    Can is the helping verb
       Common Helping Verbs
•   Has          •   Should
•   Have         •   Must
•   Had          •   Do
•   Will         •   Did
•   Can          •   Does
•   May          •   Could
               Verb Phrases
• A verb phrase consists of one or more
  helping verbs followed by a main verb.
  The verb phrase acts as one verb.

• Example:
  – Bozo is making balloon animals.
     • Is functions as a helping verb
     • Making is the main verb
               Watch Out!
• Sometimes, adverbs may interrupt the
  verb phrase. Don’t let this situation throw
• Grandpa has always been a knuckle
  – Has functions as the helping verb
  – Been is the main verb
  – Always is an interrupter
  – Has been is the verb phrase

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