What is a transitive verb?
• A verb is transitive if someone or something in the
sentence, either a noun or a pronoun, receives the
• That something is called an object.
• You find the object by asking What? Or Whom?
Sue bought a sweater at the sale.
Sue bought what? A sweater
Sue invited Paul to the movies.
Sue invited whom? Paul
• Loretta bought flowers.
- Loretta bought what? flowers
– The action of bought is directed toward the
• Joel held the baby.
– Joel held what? the baby
– The action of held is directed toward the baby
What is an intransitive verb?
• A verb is intransitive if it doesn’t have an
object. The verb passes the action, but
nothing in the sentence receives the
• Intransitive verbs often answer the
questions? How? Where? Or When?
• The Evans twins played quietly indoors
the whole day.
• Lady Gaga sang beautifully.
Check your understanding…
• Janet swam ten laps.
• Janet swam well.
• The teacher read a poem.
• The teacher read aloud.
• With transitive verbs, the action passes
from the doer- the subject- to the receiver
of the action. Words that receive the
action of transitive verbs are called
• Remember the Object is the answer to the
What? or Whom?
• A direct object will always be a noun or a
pronoun, and it will always come after an
• The direct object receives the action of the
• How to find the d.o.?
– Ask whom? or what? after the action verb.
• I met Dr. Mason.
– I met whom? Dr. Mason
– Dr. Mason receives the action of the verb met
• Tommy complimented Nadine on her new
– Tommy complimented whom? Nadine
– Nadine received the action of the verb
• If the sentence has an indirect object, it
will always be a noun or pronoun.
• To find:
– First determine the direct object, and the ask
to whom? for whom? or to what? about the
• Static electricity gives Ms. Reukema’s hair
– The verb is: gives
– Ask what after the verb: the d.o. is frizzies
– Ask to what or to whom about the d.o.: you
get hair… that is the indirect object.
Give it a try
• Ms. Crankypants read her class a story
about Toodles, the dysfunctional
• Expresses state of being. A linking verb
connects the subject of the sentence to a
word or word group that identifies or
describes the sentence.
– Fluffy’s hairball is hefty.
– Amy looked pale.
Common Linking Verbs
• Am • Appear
• Is • Become
• Are • Feel
• Was • Grow
• Were • Seem
• Will be • Remain
• Can be
• The predicate of the sentence tells
something about the subject of the
– The school bell rang.
– Old Faithful is a giant geyser in
• A predicate nominative is a word or word
group that in the predicate that identifies
• A dictionary is a valuable tool.
– Tool is the p.n. because it identifies the subject
• The predicate adjective is an adjective that
is in the predicate and that describes the
• Cold water tastes good on a hot day.
– Good is the p.a. that describes the subject water.
Give it a try!
• The tasty eggplant dish is a favorite in
• Why is the dog acting so excited?
• The girl was tired after the difficult math
• A helping verb helps the main verb
express action or a state of being.
Many people can speak more than one
Can is the helping verb
Common Helping Verbs
• Has • Should
• Have • Must
• Had • Do
• Will • Did
• Can • Does
• May • Could
• A verb phrase consists of one or more
helping verbs followed by a main verb.
The verb phrase acts as one verb.
– Bozo is making balloon animals.
• Is functions as a helping verb
• Making is the main verb
• Sometimes, adverbs may interrupt the
verb phrase. Don’t let this situation throw
• Grandpa has always been a knuckle
– Has functions as the helping verb
– Been is the main verb
– Always is an interrupter
– Has been is the verb phrase