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Unit Nine Is There Life on Earth

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					                            BookⅠ


       Unit Nine
Is There Life on Earth?

 The Second Two Periods
 Reading and Translation

     Designed by Shi Yuan
          Reading and Translation

•   Review—Memorize the new words
•   Comprehension of the text
•   Chinese and English phrases
•   Words and expressions
•   Difficult sentences
•   Assignments
               Words-web
• manage         signal            as well as
• name after     as to       feasibility
• base on        compose     survive
• as far as … be concerned
• originally     hazard      indicate
• unfit          add to
      crash&smash
• set back       proceed     spend
Comprehension of the text
Questions

•   1. What caused the excitement on the planet Venus?
•   The fact that for the first time Venusians scientists
    managed to land a satellite on Earth caused the
    excitement on the planet Venus.

•   2. What led the Venusians scientists to believe that
    there is no life on Earth?
•   Because the air pollution, water pollution and the traffic
    problems led the Venusians scientists to believe that
    there is no life on Earth.
• 3. Why does Prof. Zog think it impossible to land
  a flying saucer on Earth without its being
  smashed?
• Because there were so many metal particles that
  move along many different paths.

• 4. What is this satirical essay directed against?
• It is directed against the serious pollution
  problems on the Earth.
• 5. What will you do to help protect our
  environment from being seriously
  polluted?
• As a college student, we could publicize
  the benefits of environment protection. In
  addition, we should try our best to protect
  our environment in our daily lives.
Comprehension of the text


                 Part Division of the Text


Part   Lines                      Main Idea


 1     1 — 10    The satellite landed on Earth has been sending back signals
                 and photographs.

 2     11 — 39   Venusian scientists have come to the conclusion that Earth
                 is unfit for them to live.

                 The Venusian scientists are determined to proceed with the
 3     40 — 47   exploration of the planet Earth.
                              True or False

Directions: Decide whether the following statements are true or false.
1.The planet of Venus was filled with excitement because scientists had       ( T )
  managed to land a satellite on the planet Earth.

2. The satellite hasn’t sent back any information since it landed on Earth.   ( F )
     It has been sending back signals as well as photographs ever since.
3. The Venusian scientists were concerned about the feasibility of a          ( T )
   manned flying saucer landing on Earth.

4. The Venusian scientists will probably come to the conclusion that there    ( F )
   is no life on Earth.
     They have concluded that there is no life on Earth.
                               True or False

5. Earth’s surface in the area of Manhattan is composed of solid concrete   ( F )
   and only a few things can grow there.
     Nothing can grow there.
6. Venusian scientists have discovered that the atmosphere of Earth is      ( T )
   filled with carbon monoxide and other deadly gases.

7. Venusian scientists have found out what the Consolidated Edison Belt is ( F )
   made of.
     They do not know what it is made of and they will have to make further tests.
                              True or False

8. They will have to carry their own water to Earth because water on       ( T )
 Earth is unfit to drink.


9. They have not found a safe way to land a flying saucer.                ( T )



10. The flying saucer program will be carried out ahead of schedule.       ( F )

    They do not know what it is made of and they will have to make further tests.
               Words and expressions

• humor: 幽默,诙谐;情绪,心境;性情,气质
• She has a good sense of humor.幽默感
• She is in a bad humor today. 她今天心情不好。
• He reacted to the criticisms with his usual good humor. 他以一贯的
  良好心态对待这些批评。

• humorous adj.富于幽默感的, 诙谐 的
• 形容词后缀-ous (表示多……的,富于……的)组成。
• humorless 缺乏幽默感的,拘谨的

• 习惯用法:
• in a good (bad) humor 情绪好(不好)
• out of humor 情绪不佳 He is out of humor for anything now.
• essay n. 文章,散文,随笔
• We are asked to write a essay about Napoleon.

• CF:
• essay, composition, article, thesis 和 theme
• essay n. 散文,随笔,小品。这个词可以广泛地指篇幅短
  的非小说类作品,包括学术的、幽默的、说教的或感想
  的;也可以指学校里布置的笔头作品,这个词很常用。

• composition n. 作文。表示事先有计划地写作,非即兴之
  作,通常用来指按照规定的题目写作文。如The teacher
  asked them to describe their winter holidays in this
  week's composition.
• article n. 文章,论文。指登载在报纸、杂志或期刊上的非
  小说文章,其范围可指从最简短的、最实用的新闻稿件到
  具有散文风格的一切文章,也包括最深奥的学术或科学研
  究论文。I've found an article in this periodical relevant to
  your research subject.

• thesis n. 论文,主题。也可指一篇作品的主题思想或论
  点,但主要用于说理性的非小说类文章。He is writing a
  thesis on the short stories of Adgar Ellan Poe. 他正在写
  一篇论爱德加·爱伦·坡的短篇小说的学位论文。

• theme n. 主题,作文题。强调围绕题目进行材料组织,要
  求文章短小简洁。
• excitement: n.
• 刺激、兴奋、骚动,刺激的事物。这个词是由前缀ex-(表
  示出来,向外)+cite(唤起)+-ment(名词后缀)构成。

• 1) state of strong emotion or feeling, esp. one caused by
  sth. pleasant
• The news of Liu Xiang’s success at the Anthem Olympics
  caused great excitement.
• 2) (fml.) thing that excites; exciting incident, etc.
• 关于乘船周游世界的令人兴奋的事 the excitements
  associated with a cruise around the world

• NB:
• 该词用作以上第一种意思时是可数名词,用作以上第二种
  意思时是不可数名词。
•   Collocation:
•   arouse / create / stir up excitement引起激情
•   feel / avoid / conceal excitement感到/避免/掩盖兴奋
•   excitement builds (to a climax) 兴奋到极点
•   excitement about / at / over对… 的兴奋

• v. excite 刺激,使兴奋,使激动;
• adj. exciting 令人兴奋的;
•      excited 激昂的,兴奋的;
•      excitable 易兴奋的,能被激动的;
• n. excitation 刺激,激发
• manage: v. try, succeed in doing sth.
• He managed to get the work done with very little help.
• I can’t borrow the money so I’ll have to manage without it.

• CF:
• manage, attempt, try & endeavor 这四个词都是动词,均含有“试
  图,努力,力图”之意。
• manage指设法做成了某事,暗含经历了周折,克服了障碍,或总算
  “将就着”做成了。
• attempt较正式用词,强调已经开始,且希望完成,但常隐含着不一定
  有预期的结果的意思。当attempt后接不定式时,不能用于被动。
• try普通用词,可与attempt换用,但强调努力或尝试,后跟不定式表
  示努力或争取;后跟动名词表示尝试。例如:He tried to get the work
  done with very little help (but failed).
• endeavor正式用词,指尽最大努力、认真地克服困难去做某事。
• satellite 指卫星或人造卫星
• The moon is the only natural satellite of the Earth.
• 月亮是地球惟一的自然卫星。

• planet 指行星
• There are altogether nine planets in the solar system.
• 太阳系共有九大行星。

• star 指恒星,可发光星体
• Last night I saw a shooting star the first time in my life.
• 昨夜我生平第一次看见了流星。
• signal:
• n. movement, message, device, etc. used to convey
  information
• When I nod my head, this is the signal for you to start
  singing.

• v. send a signal or signals to打手势(发信号)让某人
  做……
• He finished his drink and signaled to the waiter.
• 当我们穿过小镇的时候,两个警察示意我们停下。As we
  passed through the town, two policemen signaled us to
  stop.
• Collocation:
•   a smoke signal(美国印第安人用的)烟雾信号
•   a turn signal(车辆)转弯信号
•   a traffic signal交通信号
•   a distress signal遇难信号
•   a fire signal火灾信号
•   a storm signal风暴信号
•   send out/back a signal发出、发回信号
•   extreme
•   adj. 尽头的,末端的;极端的,极度的
•   n. 极端,过分
•   There is a hotel at the extreme end of the road.
•   Love and hate are extremes of passion.
•   We should resort to extremes in the emergency. 在紧急
    状态下我们应该诉诸非常手段。
•   Collocations:
•   go to extremes 走极端:The man will go to any extreme
    to get his way. 那个男人为达到目的会不惜走极端。
•   in the extreme 极端:It is dangerous in the extreme. 这
    极其危险。
•   extremely adv. 非常地,极其
• telescope n. 望远镜
• 这个词是由前缀tele-(表示“远距离”)+词根 scope (视
  域,眼界)组成。

• 可以和以下单词一起记:
• telecommunications n.①电信②(pl.)电信学
• telegram 电文,电报
  telegraph电报(通讯方式),电报
  telephone电话;
  telephotograph;远距离照片,传真图片;
  tele-print电传打字机;
  television电视,电视机;
  telex电传,电传(内容)
• extreme
•   adj. 尽头的,末端的;极端的,极度的
•   n. 极端,过分
•   There is a hotel at the extreme end of the road.
•   Love and hate are extremes of passion.
•   We should resort to extremes in the emergency. 在紧急状态下我们
    应该诉诸非常手段。

• Collocations:
• go to extremes 走极端:
• The man will go to any extreme to get his way. 那个男人为达到目的
  会不惜走极端。
• in the extreme 极端:
• It is dangerous in the extreme. 这极其危险。

• extremely adv. 非常地,极其
• feasibility: n. possibility of being carried out or done
• They were working at the technical feasibility of a
  supersonic aircraft during my first visit.
• 科学家们怀疑这个实验的可行性。
• The scientist doubted the feasibility of the experiment.

•   NB:
•   feasibility的形容词形式是feasible,例如:
•   The atomic car is technically feasible.
•   It was not feasible to build a bridge at that point.
•   CF:
•   feasible:可行的,能行得通的
•   possible: 有可能的
•   probable: 可能性比possible大,很可能的

• It is too difficult that it is possible to do it alone
  but it is not feasible .
• 这事太难的,可以独立完成但可行性不大。
• conference n.
• ①讨论,会谈[同]meeting, talk
• In the weekly press conference, the manager outlined a new
  housing policy.
• ②(正式)会议,协商会
• ③(运动,宗教团体,学校等的)联合会

• CF:
• meeting: 是普通用词,通常指一般性的会议。
• convention: 会议,大会,年会,常指某一团体为某一特殊目的所召
  开的会议,也指学术团体的年会。
• congress: 代表大会,会议,指各社会团体或国家的代表的正式会
  议,讨论并决定重大问题或专门研究某一问题,以交流情况和意见
• assembly:集会,指一个计划好的,为一共同目的而召集的会议。
• conference: 讨论会,协商会,指两个或更多的人正式讨论或研究某
  个问题交换意见的会议
                      exercises

• a medical congress on heart transplants讨论心脏移植的
  医学代表会议
•    Assembly passed a new measure.国民一会通过一项新议
  案。
• A conference on education was held in Beijing.教育研讨会
  在北京召开。
• It’s a national convention of English teachers.这是英语教师
  的全国代表大会。
• He was invited to a meeting       .他应邀赴会。
•   institute 学院,研究所,组织,机构
•   He graduated from a famous foreign language
    institute.

•   CF:
•   institute 学院,通常指专科性的学院
•   institution 含义要广得多。可以指建立已久的风俗,制
    度,机关,团体,学校等。
      Institutions
       universities of higher learning include
                     institutes    colleges
    the    ,    ,      , etc.
•   高等院校包括综合性大学,专科学院,高等专科学院
    等。
• technology n. 工业技术,应用科学;技术,工艺
• 这个词是由词根techn-(表示技术,工艺)加上-ology(表示
  “……学”,“……论”)名词后缀组成。

•   可与下列单词一起记:
•   technical 技术性的,技术上的;
•   technicality 技术问题;
•   technician 技术人员,技术专家;
•   technological 工业技术的,工业发展所形成的;
•   technologist 工业技术人员,应用科学家
• CF:
• technology 意指“技术、工艺”在学术理论上的总称,属
  抽象名词;

• technique 指具体的技术、技艺,为可数名词。如:
  Advanced techniques are adopted to farming in this
  area.这个地区将先进技术应用于农业生产。

• technician 限于指某一特定行业中的技术人员,技工等;

• technologist 指工业技术方面的专家。
• conclude:
•   v. 结束,终止;缔结,议定;得出结论,推断出
•   The story concludes with the hero’s death.
•   The US concluded a treaty with France.
•   美国和法国缔结了条约。
•   What can you conclude from these
    observations?
• conclusion n.
•   ①结论,推论[同inference
•   ②结束,终结[同]close, end
•   ③议定[同]agreement
•   The lovers are united at the conclusion of the movie.电影
    结尾时这对情侣终成眷属。

•   Collocations:
•   in conclusion 最后,总之
•   bring…to a conclusion 使。。。结束
•   come to / arrive at / reach/ draw a conclusion 得出结论
• reporter n.
• ①记者[同]journalist, correspondent
• ②新闻广播员[同]announcer
• compose: vt.
• 1) make up, form
• England, Scotland and Wales compose the island of
  Great Britain.
• 化学老师问学生水是由什么组成的。The chemistry
  teacher asked the pupils what water was composed of.

• 2) write a piece of (music, a poem or speech)
• Mr. Mozart composed his first symphony (交响曲) in
  1764.
• 她年轻时就已开始创作诗歌。She began to compose
  poems at an early age.
• 可以和以下单词一起记:

• composer 作曲者,作者
• composite 合成的,复合的 n. 合成物
• composition 作曲,写作,作文;组成,构成
• composed 镇静自若
• He was the only person who kept himself composed
  when facing the crisis.
• 在那紧要关头,他是惟一一个保持镇定的人。
• CF:
• compose的主语表示事物的组成部分,宾语表示事物的整体。但在被
  动语态中,意思正好相反。 be composed of 由……构成

• comprise既可以表示“包含”、“由…组成”之意,即主语表示事物
  的整体,宾语表示事物的组成部分;也可以表示“构成”之意,即主
  语表示事物的组成部分,宾语表示事物的整体。

• constitute的主语表示事物的组成部分,宾语表示事物的整体。

• consist是个不及物动词,与介词of一起连用,不用于被动语态。
  consist的主语表示事物的整体,of后的宾语表示事物的组成部分。

• be made up of 由……构成

• form 形成
• concrete n. 混凝土; adj. 具体的,实在的
•   水泥cement
•   灰泥plaster
•   These buildings are made of concrete and steel.
•   We should take concrete steps to overcome our weaknesses.

• Collocation:
• in the concrete 具体的,实际的
• He had no idea of poverty in the concrete.他不知穷苦的实际意义。

• CF:
• Concrete是与abstract(抽象)相对的具体
• Specific是与general(一般), vague(模糊) 相对的具体
• atmosphere: n.
• the mixture of gases around the planet; the air; the general
  impression or feelings that an event or place gives you
• A planet’s atmosphere is the layer of air or other gases
  around it.
• 城市的空气被污染了。The atmosphere of the city is polluted.
• The restaurant has a real family atmosphere.

• Collocation:
• a friendly / an informal atmosphere友好的/不拘礼节的气氛
• a stifling / a tense / an unpleasant atmosphere令人窒息的/紧
  张的/不愉快的气氛
• a polluted atmosphere被污染的空气
• a rarified atmosphere稀薄的空气
• the upper atmosphere对流层上面的空气层
• atmospheric pressure大气压力
• CF:
• atmosphere, air & gas 这三个词都是名词,均与空气有关。
• atmosphere指围绕有的星球,特别是围绕地球的空气,即大气层。也
  可指环境 气氛。例如:
• a country inn with a warm and friendly atmosphere弥漫着温暖而友好
  气氛的乡村客栈
• the poisonous atmosphere of Venus金星上的有毒气体

• air指空气,也泛指一般气体。也可指给人的印象、态度。例如:
• The patients go out of their wards for some fresh air every
  afternoon. 病人们每天下午都会走出病房呼吸新鲜空气。

• gas指气态物,尤指供燃烧取暖或照明的气体,其中一部分称作瓦
  斯。例如:
• Is your central heating gas or electricity? 你的中央暖气是用煤气还是
  用电?
• deadly: adj. fatal, likely or able to cause death
• This is one of nature’s deadliest poisons.
• 这种疾病是致命的。The disease is deadly.

• CF:
• deadly, fatal, mortal & lethal这四个词都是形容词,都有
  “致命的”意思。
• deadly指能致命或实际已致命的事物,也可指企图致死他
  人的人。用于可能致死的事,如负伤,毒药,武器等。也
  可指希望或企图造成某人的死亡。
• fatal正式用词,强调死亡的不可避免性,多用于指伤或疾
  病等。
• mortal语气强,指导致死亡的直接原因。
• lethal指由于某物本身具有致命的性能。
• survive: v.
• 1) continue to live in spite of coming close to death
• The plane crashed into the sea but over half of the passengers
  survived.
• 我奶奶年纪太大了,难以逃过这场手术。My grandmother is too old
  to survive this operation.

• 2) manage to cope with (a difficult situation)
• You have to make difficult decisions to survive in business.
• 我每周收入30美元难以活命。I can’t survive on $30 a week.

• 3) continue to live after
• She will probably survive me by many years.

• 4) survive from sth. continue to exist
• Many strange customs have survived from earlier times.
• NB: 该词有两个名词形式:
• survivor,意为“幸存者,生还者”,例如:
• Governments are sending help to the survivors
  of the earthquake.

• survival,意为“幸存,生还,残存”,例如:
• the survival of the fittest 适者生存
• Concern:
• n. 关心,担忧,挂念;有厉害关系的事情,关心
  的事
• The two sides will exchange views on bilateral
  relations, and regional and international issues
  of common concerns.

• v. 使关心,使挂念;涉及,关系到
• This concerns the healthy growth of the children.
• Collocations:
• as / so far as… be concerned 就。。。而言
• concern sb/sth = be concerned with 与。。。有关
• concern oneself about = be concerned about 关心,挂念
• be concerned about / for sb/sth 使担忧,使操心
• be of great concern 非常担心
• The situation is of great concern to us all.
• concerning prep./conj. 关于
• Concerning your application letter, I’m pleased to inform
  you for an interview.
• concerned adj. 有关系的
• Everyone concerned should be informed.
• originally: adv.
• 1) at the beginning, formerly
• Originally, the book was published as a series of
  magazine articles.

• 2) in a new, different way
• The apartment was decorated quite originally.
• NB: 该词有如下词形变化:
• origin(名词):起源; 起因; 原因; 来龙去脉;出身; 血统;
  来历;出发点, 起点
• the origins of civilization
• 文明的起源
• be of noble [humble] origin
• 出身高贵[微贱]
• He is a German by origin.
• 他原籍德国。
• original(形容词):最初的; 最早的; 原始的; 固有的, 本来的;正本
  的, 原作品的;新颖的; 新奇的; 崭新的;有独创见解的; 有独创性的;
  原作者的
• an original edition
• 原版
• an original painting
• 画的原作
• original house
• 娘家
• original ideas
• 新颖的意见
• an original writer
• 有独创性的作家
• original sin
• (天主教的)原罪(因 Adam和Eve堕落而引起的人类固有的罪)
• originality(名词):创作性; 创作力; 独创力;新鲜; 新
  颖;本原; 原始; 固有
• a man [mind] of great originality
• 很有创见的人[头脑]

• originate(动词):
• originate from sth. 由某事产生[引起]
• originate in sth. 由某事产生[引起]
• All theories originate from / in practice and in turn serve
  practice.
• "任何理论都来源于实践,反过来又为实践服务。"
• The film originated in / from a short story.
• 这部电影取材于一篇短篇小说。
• hazard: n. danger, a thing likely to cause danger, risk, etc.
• Wet roads are a hazard to drivers.

•   Collocation:
•   at all hazards不顾任何危险
•   at (in) hazard在危险中
•   by hazard偶然,碰运气
•   hazard… to do sth.冒……的危险去做某事
    Rock-climbers sometimes hazard their lives to conquer the mountain
    peaks.
    攀岩石者为了征服山峰,有时要冒生命危险。

•   hazardous adj. 碰运气的,危险的,冒险的
•   Don't touch the hazardous chemicals.
•   别碰那危险的化学药品。
•   hazardousness n. 冒险性,危险性
• CF:
• hazard, danger, risk & threat这四个词都是名词,均含有
  “危险、威胁、风险”之意。
• hazard 比 risk正式,多指偶然发生的或无法控制的危险,
  常含较严重或有一定风险的意味。
• danger含义广,普通用词,指能够造成伤害、损害或不利
  的任何情况。
• risk指有可能发生的危险,尤指主动进行某种活动或去碰
  运气而冒的危险。
• threat普通用词,指对别人而不包括自己在内的危险,给
  对方构成危险或威胁。
• pollute (v.) 污染
e.g. Farmers can no longer wash clothes in village ponds
   because they are all polluted.
•     Plastic lunch boxes should be banned because they
   pollute the environment.

•   pollution n. ①污染②败坏,亵渎,玷污
•   pollutant n. 污染物
•   polluted adj. 被污染的,被玷污的
•   His reputation is polluted by the gossips.
•   传闻玷污了他的名声。
• hover: vi. keep float over; remain still or nearly still in
  the air above (sth. or sb.)
• A hawk was hovering over its prey.
• 直升机在失踪者最后一次被见到的地方的上空盘旋。
• The helicopter hovered over the spot where the lost man
  had been last seen.

•   Collocation:
•   hover between彷徨,犹豫
•   hover near/about/around徘徊
•   hover over盘旋
• Related words:

•   高飞soar
•   漂浮float
•   盘旋hover
•   滑行glide
•   掠过skim
• findings: n. sth. learnt as the result of an official
  inquiry
• The findings of the Commission show that the terrorists
  are threatening to blow up the hijacked airliner.

• NB: 该词为名词化动名词的复数形式,并常作复数用,常
  见的还有:belongings, bookings, earnings, greetings,
  surroundings 等。
• It didn’t take me long to arrange my belongings.
• Part of his earnings went for rent.
• indicate: v.
• 1) show by pointing, suggest the possibility or state or
  express briefly
• Mary indicated her approval with a nod.
• The symptoms indicate immediate surgery.
• 他点头示意我应坐的地方。With a nod of his head he
  indicate to me where I should sit.

• 2) give (the specified reading or measurement) on a
  scale
• What was the speedometer indicating?
• unfit: adj. not suitable, not good enough

•   Pattern: be unfit to do sth.
•             be unfit for sth.
•   The land is so polluted; it is unfit for crops.
•   A child is unfit to sit up too late in the night.
•   Years of work in Africa made him unfit for life in
    a cold country.
• emit: vt. send out or produce (light, heat,
  sound, smell), discharge
• The chimney emitted a cloud of smoke.
• A volcano emits smoke, lava and ashes.
• 腐烂的水果发出难闻的气味。This rotten fruit
  emits a terrible smell.

• emission n. 散发,发射;发出物,发射物
• emissive adj. 发出的,发射的
• crash
• vi. 突然重重倒下,碰撞;发出撞击声
• vt. 撞击,杂碎;冲,闯
• The motorcycle crashed into the fence.
• His words were drowned in a loud crash of thunder.他的
  话被一声响雷淹没了。
• The boy crashed a bottle against the wall.

• n. loud noise made by a violent fall, blow or breakage;
  accident involving a vehicle in a collision or some other
  impact 失败,瓦解;失事;碰撞声,爆裂声
• All the passengers were killed in the plane crash.
• 他目睹了两辆汽车相撞的事故。He witnessed a crash in
  which two cars collided.
•   Collocation:
•   crash barrier隔离栅;(高速公路等的)防撞护栏
•   crash helmet防撞头盔
•   crash-land强行着陆
•   a stock market crash股市的暴跌
•   crash program 应急计划
• smash: v.
• 1) break (something) into pieces suddenly, noisily, and
  violently
• Although the bed was smashed to pieces, the man was
  miraculously unhurt.
• He got drunk and began to smash things.
• 愤怒的律师用拳头猛击桌子。The angry lawyer smashed
  his fists against the desk.

• 2) strike or collide suddenly, noisily, and violently
• The car smashed into a tree.
• Patterns:
• smash down 撞倒,摧毁
• When crossing the street, the old lady was smashed
  down by a bike.
• smash up 撞毁,击毁
• A luxurious car was smashed up on the freeway.
• smash into 与…相撞
• The car smashed into a wall.

•   Collocation:
•   smash up the furniture捣毁家具
•   smash the record打破记录
•   smash the enemy's defense摧毁敌人的防线
•   smash a person on the nose猛击某人的鼻子
• CF:
•   crash v. ①碰撞,坠毁 wreck②破碎声 bang③失败,瓦解 break down
•   The car crashed into a tree.
•   车子猛撞在树上。

•   smash v. 打碎,打破,猛撞,指沉重地打击,使之完全变形或毁坏易碎物品
•   He smashed the window with a brick.
•   他用一块砖头砸了窗户。
•   The dish smashed on the floor.
•    碟子掉到地板上摔得粉碎。

•   clash n. 冲突,指势力相当的双方冲突,是战争的含蓄说法。
•   The clash of arguments between them is unavoidable.
•   他们争论时,双方的冲突是不可避免的。

•   crush v. 压碎,被压碎,压坏。指由外部巨大压力造成的后果,压碎、压变形等。
•   The machine crushes wheat grain to make flour.
•   这台机器把小麦粒碾碎以便加工面粉。
•   Several people were crushed to death as they were trying to escape from the burning theatre.
•   有好几个人在试图逃离失火燃烧的剧院时被压死了。
• stick up: project upwards; stand upright or on
  end
• The plants stick up vertically from the seabed.
• He saw a green branch sticking up in the water.
• set back: cause to put off or get behind the schedule;
  reverse the progress of; delay the advance of (sth.);
  delay (sb.) from advancing by (an amount of time)
• Your mistakes have set us back several weeks.
• My clock was too fast, so I set it back three minutes.
• 那时内战爆发,使国家的现代化建设滞后了十年。 Then
  the civil war broke out, setting back the modernization of
  the country by 10 years.
• proceed: v. continue after having stopped
• The talks proceeded in a friendly atmosphere.
• The work is proceeding briskly.
• 他继续解释如何开展计划。He proceeded to explain how to carry out
  the plan.

• Patterns:
• proceed to do sth继续做
• proceed with sth 继续某事

• Collocation:
• proceed against对(某人)依法起诉;向法庭控告(某人、某企业
  等)
• proceed from出于,来自,发生于
• proceed on/upon按照…行事,遵照…进行
• proceed to向…进发;进入(下一个议程项目);改读(获取)学位
                 Difficult sentences

• 1. …it has been sending back signals as well as
  photographs ever since.
• 此后卫星便不断地往回发送信号和照片。

• 2. The satellite was directed into an area known as
  Manhattan (named after the great Venusian astronomer
  Prof. Manhattan, who first discovered it with his
  telescope 20,000 light years ago).
• 卫星对准的地区叫曼哈顿。(它是以金星上伟大的天文学
  家曼哈顿教授的名字命名的,在两万光年之前该教授用望
  远镜首先发现了这个地区。)
• 3. Because of excellent weather conditions and
  extremely strong signals, Venusian scientists were able
  to get valuable information as to the feasibility of a
  manned flying saucer landing on Earth.
• 因为天气条件良好,信号极为清晰,金星科学家们从而获
  得了关于载人飞碟在地球上着陆的可行性的宝贵资料。

• 4. “We have come to the conclusion, based on last
  week’s satellite landing,” Prof. Zog said, “that there is no
  life on Earth.”
• “根据上周发射的卫星提供的资料,”佐格教授说,“我
  们得出结论:地球上没有生命。”
• 5. What does this mean as far as our flying
  saucer program is concerned?
• 这对我们的飞碟计划意味着什么啊?

• 6. We shall have to take our own oxygen
  with us, which means a much heavier
  flying saucer than we originally planned.
• 我们必须携带我们所需的氧气,这样一来,
  飞碟的重量就要比我们原先计划的重得多。
• 7. Over here you will notice what seems to be a
  river, but the satellite findings indicate it is
  polluted and the water is unfit to drink.
• 这边,诸位可以看到像是一条河似的东西,不过
  卫星探测的结果表明它已被污染,水不适于饮
  用。

• 8. There are so many of these paths and so
  many metal particles that it is impossible to land
  a flying saucer without its being smashed by
  one.
• 那儿有很多这样的轨道以及这样的金属微粒,要
  使飞碟在那儿着陆而不被某一微粒撞毁时很难办
  到的。
• 9. If all you say is true, won’t this set back
  the flying saucer program several years?
• 如果您说的都是事实,飞碟计划不就要推
  迟好几年吗?

• 10. why are we spending billions and
  billions of zilches to land a flying saucer on
  Earth when there is no life there?
• 既然地球上没有生命,我们为什么还要花
  费亿万个零元向地球发射飞碟呢?
                    Assignments

1.   Read the new words by heart after class, next time
     we’ll have a dictation.
2.   Read the phrases again and again.
3.   Translate the sentences into English.
4.   Do the rest exercises.
5.   Preview Writing.

				
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