THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT � The Future of

Document Sample
THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT � The Future of Powered By Docstoc
					THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
     The Future of the Youth Service




              SAM McCREADY
   Shaping the Future of the Youth Service
             25 November 2009
      THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
         The Future of the Youth Service

1.   The Challenges

2.   Youth Policy

3.   What is Youth Work?

4.   Distinctiveness of Youth Work

5.   Characteristics and Skills of Youth Work

6.   Youth Work – Complementary and Alternative

7.   Participative Democracy and Social Justice

8.   Planning Framework for Youth Work: A Youth Service
     Delivery Model
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service




1.   Challenges for Youth Work
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

• Need to get the right Policy to enable us to do the
  work

• Gain (more) Recognition from Government, Partners
  and “new” employer for what youth work does, how
  it does it and why it is done that way

• Influence key players to ensure there is the right
  Structure within which youth work can flourish

• Ensure that Resources follow to enable us to do the
  Work
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service




2.        Youth Policy
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

Its Purpose

• articulate a vision of the social contract between
  government, children and young people

• identify needs and goals that underpin that social
  contract

• assure there is a co-ordinated approach to tackling
  youth issues
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service
Overall Aims of a Youth Policy

• Support young people’s active citizenship IN A
  DYNAMIC SOCIETY

• Support an empowering practice approach to enable
  young people to grow personally, socially,
  economically and politically

• Improve the quality of life for ALL young people


• Develop a youth service fit for such purposes
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

A LEAD FROM EUROPE

Agenda 2020 – Three Grand themes (Forum 21. 2009)
that European Youth Policy should address over next 12
years:

- Human Rights and Democracy

- Promotion of cultural diversity

- Social inclusion
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

We are looking for a Youth Policy Framework that aims
to

• create those conditions necessary for learning,
  opportunity and experience

• that ensures and enables young people to be

  - SOCIAL ACTORS OF DEMOCRACY

  - FEEL INTEGRATED INTO AND PART OF SOCIETY

  - PLAYING AN ACTIVE PART IN BOTH CIVIL SOCIETY
    AND LABOUR MARKET
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service



In the end we want a POLICY that is

• PRACTICAL
• ACTIONABLE

That has

• CLEARLY ARTICULATED GOALS
• DESIRED MEASURABLE OUTCOMES
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service




3.   Youth Work: What is it?
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

The Youth Work Act, Ireland (2001 s3) defines youth work as:

“A planned programme of education designed for the
purpose of aiding and enhancing personal and social
development of young persons through their voluntary
involvement…which is

(a) complementary to their formal, academic and
    vocational education and training; and

(b) provided primarily by voluntary organisations”
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service



Lifelong Learning UK in its National Occupational Standards
publication stated that the key purpose of youth work is to…

“Enable young people to develop holistically, working
with them to facilitate their personal, social and
educational development, to enable them to develop
their voice, influence and place in society and to reach
their full potential.”
  THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
     The Future of the Youth Service




  IT IS EDUCATIONAL AND CONCERNED
WITH PERSONAL AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service




4.   The Distinctiveness of the Youth
     Work approach
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

• The non compulsory and voluntary involvement of
  young people who have chosen to engage

• Youth workers value young people for who they are
  (now)

• A starting point in the relationship with young people
  that respects that they have the/some power in that
  relationship

• An approach that prioritises young people as equal
  citizens
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

• It has a focus on young people as an individual who
  functions within a peer network and is set within a
  wider community and cultural identities

• A view that sees young people as a resource/asset
  for society

• It is founded on, and wedded to, a trust of relational
  and associational ways of working with young people

• Youth Work is process and process driven
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service




5.   Key characteristics and skills
     of Youth Work
      THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
         The Future of the Youth Service
a.   The ability to go into a young person’s environment, their
     communities, their neighbourhoods with sensitivity,
     awareness and focus
b.   Engage in a critical, relational driven encounter with
     intentions towards constructive learning and
     development
c.   Use of consensual and voluntaristic mechanisms to
     achieve objectives - dialogue, bargaining and persuasion
     instead of enforced compliance
d.   Listening and interpreting words and behaviour of young
     people as individuals and groups
e.   Being there
f.   Providing a place of sanctuary
g.   Appreciation of young people’s value and worth
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service




6.   Youth Work: Complementary
     and Alternative
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service

• Education
• School Curriculum
• Investing in Health/Health Impacts on
  education
• Children and Young Person’s Strategy
• Cohesion, Sharing and Integration (CSI)
• Youth Justice
• Regenerating Communities
• Arts and Culture
• Sports
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service


Education

EDUCATION DEPARTMENT PROVIDES A RANGE OF
EDUCATIONAL SERVICES

A contribution to young people becoming skilled and
enthusiastic lifelong learners
      THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
         The Future of the Youth Service

• NI Schools Curriculum (2007) cites three key goals

  -   to empower young people to achieve and to
      make informed and responsible decisions
      throughout their lives

  -   to develop a young person as a contributor to
      society

  -   to develop the young person as a contributor to
      the economy and environment
       THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
          The Future of the Youth Service

• Education (Other Skills) Order August 2007

  All our children and young people have learning
  experiences that further develop their skills in

  -   Thinking
  -   Problem solving
  -   Decision Making
  -   Self Management
  -   Working with Others
  -   Managing Information
  -   Being Creative
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service


• Department of Education –
  Teacher Education Partnership Handbook
 At the heart of becoming a teacher is, above
 all else, becoming a learner – a lifelong
 learner. To learn one has to ask questions,
 of oneself and of others and to know that
 this process is valued and shared across the
 school.
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service



• Chief Inspector’s Report (2009) NI Executive

 At the centre of all our efforts must be the
 raising of achievements and standards for
 children, young people and adult learners, at
 both PERSONAL and academic levels
  THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
     The Future of the Youth Service




As we emerge from conflict and plan for the future,
the need to be a learning society is ever more
important… and reduce the gap between those who
benefit most… and those whose educational
achievements are constrained by the poverty of
social deprivation, of low aspirations and by
challenges of coping with modern society
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

• DE Strategic Plan 2008/09

  Main strategic priorities

  - Enable learners to fulfil their potential

  (Raising standards, equality of access & tackling the
  barriers to children’s learning)

  - Prepare every learner for life

  (Motivating and empowering our young people to
  contribute positively to society, now and in the future
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service


• Every School a Good School (April 2009)

 (Every Youth Setting a Good Setting)

 (Every Community a safe and learning
 community)
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service


• Priorities for Youth Work as part of
  Education (2009)

  - Committed to strengthening the position of
    youth work within Education

  - More effective links between youth work
   and formal education
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service


• Our Children and Young People - Our
  Pledge: A ten year Strategy for Children and
  Young People 2006-16

 “We recognise there are no quick fixes and
 that meaningful and sustained change will
 take time… Change in many cases will not
 always be immediately realisable and will
 take time to effect.”
 (Maria Eagle 2006: Foreword)
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

There are 8 pledges governing the whole strategy and
these resonate with the historic core aims and
objectives of the Youth Service

• Whole child approach
• Working in partnership with other adult colleagues
• Emphasis on preventative and early intervention
  practice
• Involves children and young people in decisions
  which affect their lives
• Respects the progression of the rights of the child or
  young person
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service




7.   Participative Democracy and
     Social Justice
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service



• Participative Democracy and Youth Work

 Participative democracy is understood to
 mean the involvement of young people in
 public decision making, about institutions’
 policies and programmes
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service


“Participation and active citizenship is about
having the right, the means, the space, the
opportunity and the support to participate in
and influence decisions and engage in actions
and activities so as to contribute to building a
better society.”
(Council of Europe 2003)
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service

For youth workers this means we will work
to:

- assert the right of young people to participate

- create the means by which they can participate

- create the space and the opportunity and
  support to participate and influence decisions
  and engage in actions and activities to make for a
  better and more dynamic society
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service


It is about encouraging young people to
develop critiques of structures, social justice
and social change

It is about their POLITICAL LITERACY =
Compound of “knowledge, skills and
attitudes” Crick (1998)
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service



“The level of frequency of face to face
interaction between youth workers and young
people means the incentives for trusting and
co-operative behaviour are likely to get
stronger.”
(Michael Edwards 2004)
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service


• Social Justice

  “Social Justice is the fair distribution of
  opportunities, rewards and responsibilities
  in society. Principles and institutions for the
  distribution of meaningful social goods –
  income, shelter, food, health, education, and
  freedom to pursue individual goals.”
  (McLaughlin and Muncie 2001)
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service


- Linked to the equality agenda

- Provides a rights based framework for youth
  work that

 “…indicates that this approach can change
 both how young people are viewed, and in
 terms of how they view themselves within
 power relations in society”
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service



The Educational nature of youth work is characterised
by a specific value system relating to social justice and
this is what distinguishes us from other approaches to
learning.

The Youth Work focus is on LEARNING FOR ACTION
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service




8.   Planning Framework and
     Model of Delivery
THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
   The Future of the Youth Service
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service
• Personal and social development of young people in
  their social context
  What is important for the youth worker is to see the
  young person in their social context at the heart of
  the work

  It is our task to ensure
  - Young people are heard
  - Young people participate
  - Young people can help build/
    rebuild their communities
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

• Universal Services – opportunities for leisure and
  non-formal educational experiences for all young
  people
  Children and Young People Ten-year Strategy
  (Forward) – ‘Our Children and Young People Our
  Pledge’
  “to produce improved outcomes for ALL children and
  young people… this will mean the provision of high
  quality universal services, supported by more
  targeted responses for those who fare worst… (so
  that all our children and young people can be helped)
  to make positive contributions to their local
  communities and to society generally.”
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

In the report “A Good Childhood: Searching for Values
in a Competitive Age (Children’s Society 2009) there
are a number of recommendations

“A high quality youth centre for every 5,000 young people”
      THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
         The Future of the Youth Service

Characteristics of this work include

•   quality activities
•   self programming groups
•   community development
•   civic participation
•   local forums
•   active peace and reconciliation groups
•   participating young people
•   young people having fun
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

Outcomes

- development of ‘thinking skills’ and personal
  capabilities
- increased understanding for health and well being
- enhanced employability
- motivated, skilled, flexible young people
- contributing young people
- enhanced civic development
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

• Early Intervention

  Support for young people who may not involve
  themselves in or connect with the universal services
    THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
       The Future of the Youth Service

Characterised by

•   Localised problem solving
•   Civic dialogue
•   Overcoming barriers to training
•   Education
•   Employment
•   Advocacy
•   Cultural exchanges
•   Collective action
•   Locating self
•   Self help
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

Outcomes

- ability to reflect on, and respond to, their developing
  concept of self (including managing emotions and
  reactions to ongoing life experiences)

- skills development

- enhanced personal responsibility

- consideration of others
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

• Prevention/Specialist - planned interventions
  services

 Represents support to individuals, groups of young
 people, families where there are more serious
 problems being presented or young people who
 cannot be reached through previous levels.

 The youth work intervention is planned and needs
 driven
       THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
          The Future of the Youth Service

Characteristics

•   creating safe environment
•   sign posting
•   befriending
•   counselling
•   inter-agency working
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

Outcomes

- skills development
- increased self esteem
- awareness of others
- decision making skills
- recognise, assess and manage risk in a range of real-
  life contexts
- respond to the specific challenges and opportunities
  which diversity and inclusion present
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service



• Targeted Intervention Services – interventions into
  the lives of young people who require help at a time
  of acute need
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

Characterised by

• counselling

• mentoring

• engagement

• personal and social development processes

• support

• inter-agency collaboration
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service

Outcomes

- Evaluate their own performance and that of others

- recognise and manage risk and apply safe principles

- reduced level of crisis

- self help skills

- Developing skills of self awareness, coping and
  learning skills
     THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
        The Future of the Youth Service



“To encourage personal development, social and
political education, shaped in partnership with young
people, based on learning from experience in safe and
enjoyable environments and driven by the desire for
social justice and a participative democracy.”

(Youth Service Sectoral Partnership Group 2009)
THINKING SERIOUSLY ABOUT …
   The Future of the Youth Service

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:14
posted:3/9/2012
language:
pages:59