Seeping in Seattle

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					                                                                                                                       Number 33            December 2001

                         Seeping in Seattle
                                                   ORNL building researchers help the Northwest’s
                                                   leading city deal with damage from its dampness

S    eattle, Wash., is known as a city that sets national
      trends. A number of areas—software, strong
coffee and grunge rock—come immediately to
                                                            and mild climate. Tenants, owners of buildings,
                                                            architects and engineers began to notice mold and
                                                            decay problems in structures, surfacing mainly in
mind.                                                       larger, multifamily buildings built after 1984.
   Seattle is also known for being wet.                       Seattle officials, including Michael Aoki-Kramer,
   Situated on Puget Sound between the Pacific              a code development analyst, were soon directed to
Northwest coast and the Cascade Mountain range,             ORNL’s Buildings Technology Center. BTC
the city enjoys about 200 cloudy days a year and            researcher Achilles Karagiozis, himself a native of
fewer than 50 with sunshine. Much of the murkiest           Vancouver, B.C., took on the project. He applied an
weather is in the winter months. In fact, some of the       innovative moisture engineering systems approach
first Westerners to complain about the damp in that         that includes a “mold growth index”—a risk-based
region of the country were Meriwether Lewis and             approach to help contractors select wall designs that
William Clark, who spent a miserable winter of              resist moisture and mold problems.
1805–’06 on the Oregon coast and set back for home            “The city had developed a serious moisture
as soon as the weather allowed.                             problem in the building envelope designs, princi-           Buildings Technology Center researcher Achilles
   Quarters are more comfortable now. Seattle, one          pally with mold growing in the walls,” says Achilles.       Karagiozis examines mold damage on a Seattle
of the nation’s fastest-growing areas, favors Califor-      “Using ORNL’s moisture-engineering analysis to              building’s roof decking.
nia-style architecture—stucco walls and few                 study typical Seattle wall systems, we ranked the
ornamental features. Building-code changes in 1984          performance of 35 wall designs in the city in terms        structural damage, the damp environments around
resulted in buildings that were more airtight, and          of hygrothermal, or wet, performance—in other              the walls and bases of the buildings have created
thus more energy efficient.                                 words, how the walls handle the movement of heat,          ideal environments for molds that can produce
   Eventually, it seems, the law of unintended              air and moisture.”                                         allergens and toxins, some of which can make some
consequences kicked in, aided in large part by poor-          The problems with the rising damp have become            people very sick.
quality construction and the advent of new building         so serious and widespread that repair bills are               Achilles notes that the code changes in the eighties
materials and systems not suitable for Seattle’s wet        mounting into the millions of dollars. In addition to                                         (See SEATTLE, page 6)

It’s personal: Safety in our work places depends on how we behave
  Continuing with our series of articles by members            Safety is not just what is written in our procedures.    tion from our directives system. We have also made
of the Leadership Team, ESH&Q Director Kelly                It is reflected in the way we                               tremendous gains in reducing staff exposure to
Beierschmitt offers his perspective on safety at            behave—what we spend time                                   hazards in the workplace. I was amazed to learn that
ORNL.                                                       thinking about and discussing and                           we eliminated more than 104,000 kilograms of
                BY KELLY BEIERSCHMITT                       in the decisions we make daily.                             hazardous waste from our site last year alone. This

S   afety is personal. It touches our lives and the
     lives of those around us. What if—we always
wore safety goggles when working with hazardous
                                                            Sure, procedures are important and
                                                            we should celebrate our progress
                                                            toward making them clearer and
                                                                                                                        is roughly twice the volume removed in any one of
                                                                                                                        the previous five years. We have also cleaned up
                                                                                                                        more than 40 percent of all hazardous material
chemicals, or we maintained our work areas as               more precise (i.e., the Standards-                          storage areas with 5,000 items being made available
though our mothers were arriving for inspection at          Based Management System), but                               for use by others. And our safety statistics—the
any minute, or we read and followed labeling as we          they alone are not sufficient.                              numbers game—continue to show good improve-
would a label on a prescription drug we were                   Together, we have made tremen- Kelly Beierschmitt        ment. In one of our primary safety measures we
providing our children. Not because it was required         dous progress in environment,                               have realized a 30-percent improvement in a period
by procedure but because all of us realize that             safety, health and quality over the past year. We have      spanning less than two years.
sometimes bad things happen even to good people.            restructured and simplified nearly 30 percent of our           Yet, I struggle with the fact that we hospitalized
So much of what is “required” in the name of safety         entire procedures and policy set. By doing so, we           three valued staff members with serious work-
recognizes that humans make mistakes—all of us.             removed an incredible volume of low-value informa-                                              (See KELLY, page 2)
                                                            Behavior is reflected by our personal values.       being added to our improvement agenda for
Kelly                                                    Individual values are critically important to behav-   FY 2002. It deals with improving our fundamental
                             Continued from page 1       ior. We all know examples of individuals who place     operational culture as reflected by our behavior.
                                                         a high value on their personal safety and the safety   This agenda item is just now being developed and
related injuries in a four-week period this fall. Each   of their peers. We have also known individuals who     the actions that will make up this element are in
accident was preventable. For these staff and their      seemed to place a low value on their personal          their early stages. We know that management
families, safety has become very personal. As for        safety. One individual’s values can influence an       involvement and staff participation in work-place
their peers and managers, many have been asking          entire group’s thoughts on safety in both a positive   safety are critical. We also know that the sharing of
the question, “What could I have done differently to     and negative manner. In this                           lessons learned among organizations will need
prevent these accidents?”                                sense each individual’s behavior
  I haven’t been able to deliver crisp answers. “We      has an impact.                         We must work to move safety off of the priorities list.
should always understand our workplace hazards …            We espouse our corporate
we should seek to understand and follow proce-           values throughout policies and         Priorities change. We must make it a part of our culture.
dures … we should always expect things to go             procedures, the “motherhood and
wrong and take the necessary precautions … and           apple pie” stuff. We have proven that we can train     major attention. When we hear of events and share
when we need help, ask for it.” To me these              our staff to recite the seven guiding principles and   them with others, we learn. We should feel free to
answers just don’t seem adequate. I believe the true     five core functions of Integrated Safety Manage-       report close-call accidents. What we learn from
answers lie somewhere in our cultural behaviors.         ment. But all too often, as the accidents that were    them just might prevent a friend from future injury.
                                                         investigated this year proved, our behavior at work      It is a personal goal of mine to better educate our
                                                         does not reflect our espoused values.                  staff and managers concerning the causes of work-

W      e must work to move safety off of the
       priorities list. Priorities change. We must
make it a part of our culture—not one that we write
                                                            ISM is a tremendous framework for safety. It is
                                                         intended to make safety personal through staff
                                                         involvement and line management ownership of the
                                                                                                                place injury and the true costs associated with those
                                                                                                                accidents. We also know that a revitalized Labora-
                                                                                                                tory will help. Over the course of this year I seek
about, but one that visitors observe when they visit     ESH&Q program. However, for ISM to work, we            your input. I seek staff participation in developing
our Laboratory. Many companies would say the             must continue to make these espoused values a          the new procedures. I seek the support of those
solution is in the philosophy of Behavior-Based          natural part of doing our work. Our values must be     “thought leaders” within our Laboratory who can
Safety. I am not one who believes in “programs of        reflected by our behavior.                             make our espoused values a basic value within our
the week” or “slogan and banner campaigns,” so              Basic values are those values broadly held by a     culture. None of us should forget the injuries
you may not hear me refer to BBS in many future          group. They guide our personal behavior and            suffered by our peers.
discussions. But I do think it is valuable for me to     influence our individual decisions. Where safety is      As you can see, I have no silver bullets, but I do
provide some insight into what BBS means.                a basic value, staff understand what is expected of    know that without individual leaders throughout the
  BBS is an approach to safety management where          them, the values are ingrained—a natural part of       organization making safety personal, we will make
staff and managers put tremendous emphasis on            doing the work. We can determine if safety is a        very little progress.
instituting the behaviors that produce safe environ-     basic value by observation. In my experience,            Together, we will continue to improve our
ments. They track and measure those behaviors and        individual leaders who hold safety as a strong         procedures and tools; we will continue to reduce the
work to make them so second nature that no one           personal value do more to establish a strong safety    hazards in the work place. We in ESH&Q will
would ever consider anything less. It becomes            culture among their peers than all the policies        continue to work to support our Laboratory custom-
ingrained in the culture. Safety glasses in work         management can prepare. Basic safety values need       ers. And over the course of the year, with assistance
areas, goggles when working with chemicals, lab          not be formally identified and documented. How-        from a broad cross-section of the Laboratory, I will
coats in all labs, safety shoes and hardhats in all      ever, no company can achieve world-class safety        share a better vision for improving our operational
construction areas and well-organized work spaces        results unless such values are in place.               culture.
are just a few examples.                                    With these thoughts in mind, a new element is         But, in the end, safety is personal.

                                                                                                                     HFIR phasing in restart

    is published for the employees and
                                                                                                                     O     RNL received federal approval on
                                                                                                                           November 30 to restart the High Flux Isotope
                                                                                                                     Reactor, which has spent the past year in a sched-
    retirees of Oak Ridge National Labora-
                                                                                                                     uled shutdown for a number of maintenance and
    tory, which is managed and operated
                                                                                                                     upgrade activities. HFIR now sports a brand-new
    for the U.S. Department of Energy by
                                                                                                                     beryllium reflector, cooling tower and beam tubes
                                                                                                      Curtis Boles

                                                                                                                     for research.
    Bill Cabage, editor                                                                                                Other improvements in the upgraded HFIR will
    Phone 574-4399                                                                                                   include the installation of a “cold” neutron source
    E-mail                                        A “stoic” Bruce Tomkins of                       next year. The cold source, one of the world’s
    Deborah Barnes, associate editor                              the Chemical Sciences Division                     brightest, will reduce the energy of neutrons,
    Phone 576-0470                                                receives his annual flu shot from                  making them more usable for studying molecular-
    E-mail                                      Health Services’ Mona Dockery.                     scale structures in materials, chemistry and biology,
                                                                  Actually, the shots don’t hurt,                    says Associate Lab Director Jim Roberto.
    fax: 574-1001                                                 and it’s a lot better than having                    Once it has resumed operation, HFIR will be one
    On the Web:                             the flu, Bruce says.                               of the most powerful research reactors in the
                                                                                                                     country and, combined with the Spallation Neutron
    DOE Inspector General Hotline: 1-800-541-1625                                                                    Source, will make ORNL the leading destination
                                                                                                                     for the world’s neutron scientists.

2                                                                                                                                                        December 2001
                                                                           funded buildings. Even planning for new           seeks to threaten our facilities,” Lab Director Bill
                                                                           parking lots and Lab access has required          Madia says.
                                                                           a process that began long ago. And                   Bethel Valley Road is a DOE-owned and main-
                                                                            world events made even those initiatives         tained route that’s been open to the public mainly as
                                                                            a moving target for planners.                    a courtesy. ORNL ended commercial truck traffic
                                                                              So when the new buildings start                on the route in October, a move that pleased many.
                                                                           coming out of the ground, think of the            The more comprehensive closure only affects a
                                                                           folks who’ve laid the gruelling ground-           segment of the road nearest the Lab; the section that
                                                                           work, and hope they have a restful and            serves Clark Center Park and Bethel Valley Indus-
                                                                          peaceful holiday with the rest of us.              trial Park remains open to the public.
                                                                                                                                Arrangements for exceptions such as spouse
                                                                   A biothreat perspective                                   pickups and vendor deliveries have been made.
                                                                  Energy S&T Division researcher Tanya Kuritz                Tours, including the public tour program, are
                                                                shared some of her knowledge with a crowd at                 expected to resume this spring as usual. If you’re
What’s in a name? Plenty                                        Maryville College last month on a subject most of            expecting a visitor, inform Visitor Services, as
   Bill and Liane Russell had some Mouse House                  them had heard a lot about and wanted to know                usual, and be familiar with the Nonemployee
business to attend to on November 13, but they                  more. Tanya gave the audience, which included                Processing, or NEP, system. The access controls
didn’t take their usual route to the cracked and                several local civic leaders, a valuable perspective on       will be “indefinite” in duration; world events will
peeling facility at Y-12. This time they drove to a             the threat of anthrax and other biological weapons.          likely determine just how long that will be.
patch of parking lot on the west side of ORNL.                    That threat, despite what one might come to
   There, under a tent, a collection of VIPs and past           believe from watching too much TV, is fairly                 Parking: New spaces for new places
and present mammalian genetics researchers milled               remote, largely thanks to the difficulty of                     By the time the next Reporter comes out (our next
about. They were as-                                                              “weaponizing” germs. Smallpox, for         issue will be in February), construction on the three
sembled to break ground                                                           instance, is extremely difficult to        new privately funded buildings may have begun.
on, finally, a new home for                                                       weaponize because the virus dies           That means a good portion of the east parking lot
ORNL’s mutant mouse                                                               almost as soon as it’s exposed to air.     could be gone. But new parking spaces will also be
colony, something that’s                                                             “It’s very hard to do,” Tanya said.     in place, as Reporter described in the October and
been on the ORNL wish                                                             “The former Soviet Union had               previous issues.
list for several decades.                                                         thousands and thousands of scien-             The new access controls on Bethel Valley Road
Soon a state-of-the-art                                                           tists working for many years to            have allowed the parking planners to revive, to a
research facility and home                                                        weaponize many strains of different        great degree, their original plans to open the ORNL
for 60,000 clean mice                                                             species. They succeeded on two.”           campus to parking, which will help compensate for
                                                                              Jim Richmond

derived from the Lab’s                                                               The current anthrax attacks, she        spaces lost to new construction. New spaces include
invaluable colony will rise                                                       said, appear to be the crude work of       the expanded flagpole lot, now complete, and
in that space.                                                                    a nonprofessional. As for the public       expanded and improved lots to the southeast, off
   “Can we do these                Bill Madia (left) and Bill Russell chat        threat, she says the odds of contract-     White Oak Avenue where the "6026" trailers were
things?” asked 3rd District        at the Mouse House groundbreaking              ing anthrax are four times less than       until recently parked. A shuttle service, should it be
Rep. Zach Wamp. “Yes,              as Liane Russell gets it on tape.              winning the Florida jackpot. No one        needed, is also being considered.
we can. We’ve just got to                                                         bolted for the state line to buy lottery      Progress with the Lab’s building campaign will
have the guts to go for it.”                                                      tickets, and Tanya joined a panel of       mean new routines for many. Tim Myrick, whose
   In this instance, intestinal fortitude resulted in           state and local figures that included a representative       modernization project duties have included parking,
accelerated, full funding for the facility—$12.4                from the state’s Homeland Security Office.                   says parking arrangements will be fine-tuned as
million that will complete the job.                               For those seeking preventative measures, Tanya             time goes along. "User feedback on how this is
   Ed Cumesty, who represented DOE at the cer-                  recommended an effective barrier against anthrax or          working will help us arrive at the right solution,"
emony, said that the Mouse House has “earned its                other infections: Wash your hands thoroughly and             says Tim.
place in the future.”                                           often with warm, soapy water.                                                              Reported by Bill Cabage
   As for the Russells, the Fermi Award-winning
couple have earned their place in science history.              A long driveway has its advantages
The new facility will be called, appropriately, the               Public access to Bethel Valley Road ends on
William L. and Liane B. Russell Laboratory for                  December 18. What that means for Lab and other
Comparative and Functional Genomics.                            DOE employees is a stop at a checkpoint before
                                                                proceeding down Bethel Valley Road to the work
Groundwork comes before groundbreaking                          place. To the public, it means they won’t have
   Groundbreakings have a symbolic role in new                  access to a five-mile stretch into the Lab unless they
facilities, but any assumption that the work is just            have business or have planned a visit.
beginning would be off the mark. Preparations for                 Lab officials have put in place the most effective
the new Mouse House and other facets of the Lab’s               way to enhance security in the face of the possibility
Modernization Program require hours and hours of                of a terrorist attack, which is much different from
often stressful work by the folks in engineering,               the Cold War scenario of past decades. Security
procurement, legal, facilities and operations and               officials must now contend with truck bombs and
other, myriad behind-the-scenes roles.                          other surreptitious incursions.                              The expanded and improved flagpole lot is one
   That’s particularly the case when new ways are                 “We’re essentially lengthening our driveway to             of the projects that will ease the Lab’s parking
being explored, such as in the case of the privately            provide more response time in the event someone              crunch.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory                                                                                                                                                    3
Awards Night 2001
                                                                                                                      Patrick N. Rader. For exceptional service in
A    wards Night 2001, held November 30, had a
      new element this year—suspense. In many
categories, Awards Night attendees were category
                                                         involvement in the Coalfield community
                                                         Community volunteerism for team contributions
                                                         outside ORNL
                                                                                                                   providing financial management to the Engineering
                                                                                                                   Technology Division
                                                                                                                   Administrative support, nonexempt payroll
finalists who did not know who the individual or           Brenda Hackworth, Keiji Asano, Gary L. Bell,               Donna L. Moates. For sustained contributions to
team winners were until they were announced from         Jeffrey E. Christian, Larry DeLoach, Roberta S.           the Chemical Technology Division’s Finance Office
the podium. For everyone, being at Awards Night          Grafton, Van B. Graves, James M. Hackworth, Jr.,          Finalists
represents a triumph. Following are the winning          Bryan C. Hathorn, Joe Horton, Rebecca B. Kendall,            Vivian Gail Beyersdorf. For creative contributions
individual and team categories, followed by the          Deborah W. Knox, Anthony R. Medley, Dan                   to reshaping and managing ORNL’s Study Center, a
finalists in those categories. Congratulations to all.   O’Connor, Harry Quarles, Jim Rivers, Cyrus M.             key educational science program for area students,
                                                         Smith, Becky J. Verastegui and Mary Beth Watt. For        that made possible more than $270,000 in savings
Community Service Awards                                 expertly coordinating ORNL staff in an extremely             Brenda Darlene Hickman. For her excellent
Community volunteerism for individual contribu-          ambitious initiative to build a Habitat for Humanity      administrative service to both ORNL and the Metals
tions inside ORNL                                        house and, in the process, helping to launch Team         and Ceramics Division
   Teresa D. Ferguson. For her outstanding contribu-     UT-Battelle                                               Bargaining unit support by a team
tions to promoting values and diversity within the       Community leadership                                         Jeff Patty and Jack Crawford, Jr. For excellence in
ORNL community                                             Ellen D. Smith. For sustained commitment to and         millwright support and ALARA work practices at
Finalist                                                 leadership of the city of Oak Ridge in addressing         the Radiochemical Engineering Development Center
   Lynn D. Duncan. For consistent leadership in          important environmental issues, including legacy          Operations support by a team
numerous ORNL challenges, motivated by genuine           contamination, geologic hazards in limestone areas           Tim Myrick, Jon Bartlett, George Clark, Keith J.
concern for others                                       and greenways                                             Dempsey, Tom Etheridge, Mahendra Lakumb,
Community volunteerism for team contributions            Finalists                                                 Steven L. Laman, Anthony R. Medley, Carlo D.
inside ORNL                                                Po-Yung Lu. For outstanding leadership of the           Melbihess, Dell Morgan, Melessa W. Ogan, Nicole
   Roger Jones, Lonna Cotter, Kahra G. Gilley,           2000 and 2001 Asian Pacific Heritage Month                E. Porter, Crystal A. Schrof and David D. Skipper.
Nancy E. Holcombe, C. Renae Humphrey, Greg               celebrations for DOE/ORO, contractors and the Oak         For transforming the UT-Battelle Leadership Team’s
Irby, Deborah Jenkins, Timothy K. Jones, Keith S.        Ridge community                                           vision for modernization of ORNL into a DOE-
Joy, Beverly S. Mathis, Betsy A. Riley, Patricia           Elizabeth Peelle. For a lifetime of achievement in      approved master plan that is now being executed on
Scofield, Janie Sharp, Diana L. Tucker, Ron Walli        community leadership and for her philosophy of            a scale and accelerated schedule that are the envy of
and Lora M. Wolfe. For leadership through serving        putting words into action
                                                                                                                   the rest of the DOE complex
as team captains in support of activities to raise       Science communicator
                                                                                                                   Environment, safety, health and quality
awareness and money for the Juvenile Diabetes              Arpad A. Vass. For important contributions of his
                                                                                                                      Sandra B. Kennedy. For promoting excellence in
Research Foundation                                      time and effort to demonstrate the relevance of his
                                                                                                                   environment, safety, health and quality in the
Good samaritan                                           research in the area of forensics, especially the Time-
                                                                                                                   Physics Division and at ORNL
   Claudia A. Walls. For serving as a child advocate     Since-Death Project, to a worldwide public through
in her community and as an advocate for the rights       magazines, newspapers and news production compa-
                                                                                                                      Mike Harrington. For excellence in developing
of the disabled through the East Tennessee Regional      nies
                                                                                                                   meaningful, useful safety documentation for the
Human Rights Committee                                   Finalists
                                                                                                                   Spallation Neutron Source
Finalists                                                  Glenn O. Allgood. For effectively communicating,
                                                                                                                      John Norman. For exemplary performance and
   Loretta Simpson. For exhibiting a compassionate       to an international public, ORNL’s leadership in the
                                                                                                                   contributions to cost avoidance in support of envi-
spirit and reacting to the needs of people by leading    R&D areas of smart sensors, wireless sensors and
                                                                                                                   ronmental safety and health initiatives within the
and coordinating Spallation Neutron Source Project       prognostics and health assessment for industry
                                                                                                                   Chemical Technology Division
community initiatives                                      Richard A. Lowden. For his widespread and
                                                                                                                   Secretarial support
   Ramie Wilkerson. For her unselfish and compas-        intelligent dissemination, to government and to a
                                                                                                                      Kathy Rosenbalm. For unparalleled administrative
sionate, long-term commitment and kindness to a          national audience, of information leading to an
                                                                                                                   competence, strong leadership and an unfailingly
child in need                                            understanding of non-lead ammunition science and
                                                                                                                   cheerful attitude in her role as the Spallation Neutron
Community volunteerism for individual                    technology developed at ORNL
                                                                                                                   Source Project’s executive secretary
contributions outside ORNL                                 Patricia Dreyer Parr. For her commitment and
   Tim Myrick. For his exemplary financial and           innovative approaches to communicating the ecologi-
                                                                                                                      Gil Farrell. For her demonstration of the highest
personal commitment to Habitat for Humanity of           cal significance of the Oak Ridge Reservation to the
                                                                                                                   quality of work and dedication to the success of the
Anderson County, Aid to Distressed Families of           general public
                                                                                                                   High Flux Isotope Reactor
Appalachian Counties and Team UT-Battelle                                                                             Sandy Lowe. For her outstanding accomplish-
Finalists                                                Laboratory Operations Awards                              ments in secretarial support, particularly those
   John Norman. For his long history of active             Administrative Support - exempt payroll                 associated with the DOE Report on Research
leadership and dedication to his community through         Brenda W. Campbell. For outstanding support of          Opportunities in Nanoscale Science and the
donation of his time, energy, money and profes-          the Organizational Review Task Force committee’s          Nanoscale Science Research Center
sional expertise in support of science education,        two models of ORNL’s organizational structure             Administrative and operational leadership by a
youth sports and charitable activities                   Finalists                                                 front-line manager
   Jim Rivers. For personifying the UT-Battelle            Walter Koncinski. For his pivotal role in gaining          Ronald A. Crone. For innovations and develop-
commitment to Excellence in Community Service            national recognition for ORNL’s technology transfer       ment of an exceptional maintenance and operations
through his longtime, valuable service to and            successes through the R&D 100 Awards program              programin the Research Reactors Division

4                                                                                                                                                        December 2001
Finalists                                                 research and capabilities at ORNL.                       Energy Division’s Building Thermal Envelopes
  Charmaine J. Foltz. For her leadership in the           Finalists                                                Systems and Materials program
ORNL Animal Care program, resulting in continued             James F. Lyon. For his leadership in developing a     Engineering development by a team
accreditation and in the development of criteria for a    novel concept for a fusion plasma device, the quasi-        Jim Hardy, Philip R. Bingham, Matt Chidley,
new animal facility                                       poloidal stellarator                                     Timothy F. Gee, James S. Goddard, Gregory R.
  Edward B. Harris. For his leadership in transform-         William J. Reich. For his leadership role in          Hanson, Kathy W. Hylton, Karen Moore, Jeffery R.
ing the Work For Others Office to provide guidance        transitioning the DOE/NN-50 U.S/Russian Trans-           Price, Chuck Schaich, C. E. Thomas, Jr., Kenneth
and service “better, cheaper and faster”                  portation Security Project from Sandia National          W. Tobin, John C. Turner, Edgar Voelkl and G. R.
Administrative and operation leadership by a              Laboratories to ORNL                                     Wetherington, Jr. For overcoming significant
middle manager                                            R&D leadership by a middle manager                       challenges in a very short time to produce the first-
  Suzanne A. Herron. For her outstanding leadership          Stephen G. Hildebrand. For his exemplary leader-      of-a-kind, direct-to-digital holographic prototype
in developing and managing an effective project           ship of the Environmental Sciences Division in           wafer defect detection system
controls organization in the Spallation Neutron           establishing new scientific endeavors and excellence     Distinguished engineer
Source Project                                            in operations, including ESH&Q, work force                  Kenneth W. Tobin. For establishing an interna-
Finalists                                                 diversity and fiscal growth                              tionally recognized program in computer vision
  Barry A. Berven. For his leadership skills in              Finalists                                             technologies applied to industrial inspection,
developing new funding initiatives, developing new           Dabney Johnson. For her outstanding management        semiconductor metrology and yield management
facilities and managing the orderly transition of         of the Life Sciences Division’s Mammalian Genetics       Finalists
research from the Y-12 to the ORNL site                   and Genomics Section, resulting in major successes          Calvin M. Hopper. For sustained and dedicated
  John C. Sinclair III. For personal efforts in leading   in securing DOE and National Institutes of Health        leadership in developing guidance, tools and innova-
Building 3019 and the High Flux Isotope Reactor           funding                                                  tive concepts to further the discipline of nuclear
through extremely challenging operational readiness          Marion M. White. For her outstanding contribu-        criticality safety
reviews                                                   tions toward making the Spallation Neutron Source           Bradley E. Nelson. For developing, analyzing and
                                                          the first large-scale superconducting proton accelera-   evaluating novel magnetic fusion concepts
                                                          tor in the world                                         Early career award for scientific accomplishment
Science and Technology Awards                                                                                         Jizhong Zhou. For his innovative scientific
                                                          Early career award for engineering
Technical support by a team                                                                                        leadership in microbial ecology and pioneering
  Gene Barker, Melissa A. Beckmann, Debra J. S.                                                                    efforts in applications of genomic/molecular tech-
                                                             Warren Everett Dixon. For innovative advance-
Carpenter, Kay Houser, Kristen A. Kerber, Darla                                                                    nologies to environmental studies
                                                          ments in the application of energy-based analysis for
Miller, Irina L. Pinn and Sarah G. Shinpock. For                                                                   Finalists
                                                          stabilizing nonlinear engineering systems and for
rallying in a crisis to solve a variety of problems in                                                                Ian M. Anderson. For his outstanding contribu-
                                                          exceptional early career achievements in robotics
record time and provide the technical expertise to                                                                 tions to the science of electron microscopy and the
                                                          research and engineering
support a $12.7 million funding opportunity from the                                                               development of electron beam microanalysis
National Institutes of Health for ORNL and the                                                                     techniques for materials research
                                                             Michael A. Guillorn. For his development of
Tennessee Mouse Genome Consortium                                                                                     Mark D. Lumsden. For the discovery and under-
                                                          foundational nanostructure processing techniques
R&D leadership by a front-line manager                                                                             standing of a new phenomenon in magnetism, an
                                                          and methods
  Douglas H. Lowndes. For his innovative leader-                                                                   exotic field-induced spin reorientation transition not
                                                             Jan Kosny. For his outstanding contributions to the
ship in the development of nanoscale science                                                                       previously observed
                                                                                                                   Scientific research by a team
                                                                                                                      Steven Paul Hirshman, David Alban, Donald B.
  Director’s Awards                                                                                                Batchelor, Lee A. Berry, M. J. Cole, Amanda J.
                                                                                                                   Deisher, G. Y. Fu, James F. Lyon, William H.
  Outstanding team accomplishment                                                                                  Miner, Peter K. Mioduszewski, Donald A.
    (Chosen from among team award winners in all                                                                   Monticello, Bradley E. Nelson, David A.
  categories) Gene Barker, Melissa A. Beckmann,                                                                    Rasmussen, Raul Sánchez, Donald A. Spong,
  Debra J. S. Carpenter, Kay Houser, Kristen A.                                                                    Dennis J. Strickler, Prashant M. Valanju, Andrew S.
  Kerber, Darla Miller, Irina L. Pinn and Sarah G.                                                                 Ware and David E. Williamson. For research on the
  Shinpock. For support of ORNL’s efforts toward                                                                   physics of plasma confinement in three-dimensional
  National Institutes of Health funding and the                                                                    systems, leading to the development of the quasi-
  Tennessee Mouse Genome Consortium                                                                                poloidal stellarator concept
  Outstanding individual accomplishment in                                                                         Distinguished scientist
                                                     Myrick           Mook              Crone
  community service                                                                                                   Herb Mook. For outstanding scientific leadership
    Tim Myrick. For his exemplary financial and                                                                    and pioneering experiments in the application of
  personal commitment                                                                                              neutron scattering to materials research
  Outstanding individual accomplishment in                                                                         Finalists
  Laboratory operations                                                                                               David L. Greene. For his seminal interdisciplinary
    Ronald A. Crone. For his work in the Research                                                                  research in engineering, statistics and the social
  Reactors Division                                                                                                sciences, directed toward informing public policy on
                                                                                                 Curtis Boles
                                                                                                 Photos by

  Outstanding individual accomplishment in                                                                         transportation-related energy use and environmental
  science and technology                                                                                           impacts
    Herb Mook. For outstanding scientific leader-    The team of Barker, Beckmann,
                                                                                                                      Steve Lindberg. For his pioneering science in the
  ship and pioneering experiments in the application Carpenter, Houser, Kerber, Miller,                            measurement and understanding of biogeochemical
  of neutron scattering to materials research        Pinn and Shinpock
                                                                                                                   cycles and his mentoring of new scientists through

Oak Ridge National Laboratory                                                                                                                                          5
Seattle             Continued from page 1
                                                           and air channels for ventilation to
                                                           help the wall to breathe and dry out.
                                                              “Mold is the biggest item in the
set ventilation requirements that called for at least      building envelope design. Once it
eight hours of “fresh”—damp—air to be put into the         gets established it is almost impos-
buildings each day. The code changes also boosted          sible to get rid of,” says Achilles.
insulation ratings from R-11 to R-19.                      “The best way to prevent it is to
   “There is no question that bringing in outside air is   develop systems that prevent moisture.”
good for the internal environment. But, depending             Such building systems might include
on how you supply the air, internal pressures are          desiccant dehumidifying systems,
formed that in some instances, while it’s good for         polyethylene barriers with “smart
the occupants, cause additional harm to walls,” he         retarders” that allow a selective flow of
says.                                                      vapor at different relative humidities,
   Exacerbating the problem was a growing popula-          and gutter systems that channel water
tion density—more people in less space—and a               away from buildings.
preference of those inhabitants for the California            Achilles also points out that crawl
style—flat roofs and sheer stucco walls with few           spaces under houses are particularly
overhangs that shed water. Stucco in a dry climate is      nasty places for mold, and concrete pads
one thing, but any roofer will tell you that water will    that structures are built upon should be This moisture damage inside a stucco wall is typical of the
get in anywhere it can, and the same is true for walls,    properly drained.                             problems that have beset many newer buildings in Seattle, in
particularly in wind-driven rain, says BTC Group              The BTC hopes to convince building many cases also bringing on problems with mold (upper left).
Leader Andre Desjarlais.                                   materials manufacturers to submit
   “The designs increased the amount of water on the       building materials for hygrothermal
walls,” Andre says. “Insulation makes the outside of       testing at the user center. There is also a free             include cities in British Columbia, Minnesota and
a wall cold. Water condenses on it. In the past, when      downloadable computer program for builders to use.           Texas.
                    buildings were leakier, the               In the meantime, Seattle’s weather isn’t expected           ORNL’s moisture-engineered wall systems will
                    moving air had a drying effect.        to get any drier. Although the city receives a fairly        be one of a number of BTC systems and standards
  Moisture          Restrict that flow, and with hot       normal amount of rainfall compared with other                that will help builders and tenants of the future
  damage to air inside and cold outside, you               cities, in the past few decades the weather’s been           balance their energy efficiency goals with the
                    have convection transports, and        rainier. Other places with similar moisture problems         durability and quality of their buildings.—B.C.
  Seattle’s         the moisture finds a cold surface
  multifamily and condenses.”
                       The airtight designs, complete
  buildings         with polyethylene barriers and
  could cost with a different stucco mix that is
                                                           ORNL scores high in EM science project grants
  billions to also less porous, give the mois-
                    ture nowhere to go. The water is
                    stored and eventually gets into the
                                                           O    RNL has landed more than one-fourth of the
                                                                  latest round of Environmental Management
                                                           science funding allotted by DOE. The Lab also
                                                                                                                     strides in nuclear waste cleanup efforts at various
                                                                                                                     DOE sites,” Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham
                                                                                                                     said. “The success of these programs and the success
                    walls.                                 proposed about one-third of the projects that were        of the Department’s Environmental Management
   Achilles, Andre and Seattle officials surveyed 74       funded.                                                   Science program will be measured in actual cleanup
structures built between 1984 and 1998. They                 ORNL’s funding for the series of three-year             results, and we expect these programs to deliver.”
estimated $100 million in repair costs to fix just         projects amounts to just over $11 million.                   ORNL’s D&D projects funded include collabora-
those buildings, which represented only six percent          The EM projects include deactivation and decom-         tions with Washington University, Louisiana Tech
of Seattle’s multifamily structures built between          missioning, or D&D, research projects and                 University, Tulane University and the University of
1984 and 1998. Figure in all the multifamily build-        high-level waste research projects aimed at solving       California. They include research into the areas of
ings with moisture damage problems, and repair             some of the nation’s most complex environmental           laser ablation, nanoparticle formation and analysis
costs could total into the billions of dollars.            cleanup challenges.                                       and sensors as applied to characterization, D&D and
   The BTC team is taking a “holistic approach” to           “I’m dancing and turning cartwheels. What a             robotic-system advances.
the problem— a trademark of ORNL’s research into           credit to our scientists!” says an elated Environmen-        The high-level waste proposals include collabora-
complex systems such as building design.                   tal Technology Program Director Cindy Kendrick.           tions with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory;
   “We take the whole building system into ac-             She estimated that ORNL received 28 percent of the        the Savannah River Technology Center; Penn State
count—energy, air and moisture,” Achilles says.            funds. Of 13 D&D projects funded by DOE, seven            University; the University of North Texas; the
“This includes the heating,ventilation and air-            are ORNL projects; of 32 high-level waste projects,       universities of Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi and
conditioning system; the washer and dryer; the             eight are ORNL projects.                                  California; and Tufts University. Subject areas in the
shower; or anything that creates an internal load.           “We are delighted to have this opportunity to           HLW research include various areas of waste
Then we take data from the mold expert models and          apply ORNL expertise and resources, in partnership        characterization, separation and extraction toward
build that data into a mold-growth model that takes        with other research institutions, to solving the tough    development of technologies to characterize, retrieve
into account variables such as weather.”                   environmental cleanup problems of the Department,”        and treat waste concentrates and dispose of radioac-
   The ORNL approach promotes designs that have            Cindy says.                                               tive waste stored in underground storage tanks at
the maximum drying performance. That means                   DOE’s EM projects covered in the announcement           DOE facilities.
getting rid of polyethylene moisture barriers that         involve 21 universities, eight DOE labs, one other           Cindy credits the Lab’s success with this round of
create sauna-like situations inside the walls. Recom-      government institution and a private firm. “The           the EMSP to those who prepared and reviewed the
mended instead are two layers of building paper to         projects outlined are designed to apply advanced          proposals. “In terms of numbers of awards, this has
which the stucco is applied, which creates drainage        scientific research and initiatives to make significant   been our best EMSP year yet,” she says.—B.C.

6                                                                                                                                                         December 2001
Compensation plan for 2002 moves toward market-competitive goals
                                                                                                                   employees’ results plans and objectives for the next
O     RNL’s Compensation Increase Plan for 2002
       has been approved by DOE’s Oak Ridge
Office. Salary increases for salaried, non-bargaining-
                                                         external market, salary relationship among peers, and
                                                         overall value of contributions to the organization.
                                                            To determine the market averages, or reference pay
                                                                                                                   review period.
                                                                                                                      In late December or by mid-January, each em-
unit staff will be effective in January 2002.            zones, for all salaried jobs, ORNL participates in        ployee will receive a Compensation Change
  Highlights of the 2002 salary program, outlined        annual salary surveys that provide comparisons of         Document, commonly referred to as a “white card,”
recently by ORNL Compensation Manager Mike               Lab salaries with those for comparable positions in       from his or her immediate manager. An example of
Willard, include                                         local, regional and national markets, as appropriate.     a white card, with an explanation of the information
• a 15-month merit program;                              Compensation Specialist Doug Fore says, “The data         it includes, can be found on the Compensation home
• completion of a three-year plan to adjust the          from these surveys, along with the Laboratory’s           page on ORNL’s internal Web, at
  salaries of ORNL’s research and development            financial plan, are major considerations in the           divisions/human_resources/compensation.
  staff to the external market;                          development of the annual CIP that we present to the
• targeted adjustments for some nonexempt and            DOE to request salary structure changes and salary
  exempt non-R&D staff whose salaries were also          increase funds. Overall, the Laboratory’s objective is    Service
  lagging the external market; and
• continuation of ORNL’s current variable-pay
                                                         to keep its pay structures and average salaries aligned
                                                         with the appropriate external markets.”
  programs.                                                 Salary survey data and market benchmarking were        December
  In recognizing both the change of the annual focal     the basis of the original FY 2000 three-year plan for
date for 2002 salary increases from October 2001 to      market equity adjustments for ORNL’s R&D staff.           30 years: Mary J. Ruppe, Communications &
January 2002 and the resulting extension of the          “Based on market projections, we should effectively       Community Outreach
FY 2001 performance review period from 12 to             close the gap between ORNL’s average R&D staff
15 months, the 2002 CIP will actually represent a        salaries and the market after implementing the            25 years: William A. Brookshire and James D.
15-month salary program, says Mike. For example,         January 2002 salary increase program,” says Doug.         Howard, Facilities Management; James B.
an employee who receives a five-percent merit               Human Resources and Diversity Programs Direc-          Clendenen, Environmental Technology Programs;
increase in January 2002 would have received a           tor Darryl Boykins adds, “We are committed to             Terry L. Collins, SNS Accelerator Systems; Richard
four-percent increase (approximate annualized            maintaining a market-competitive compensation             C. Goldfinger, Computational Sciences & Engineer-
amount) under a regular 12-month program, assum-         program and this year’s plan will support the Lab’s       ing; Ann J. Luffman, Office of Technology
ing all other considerations are the same (i.e., no      achieving that objective. To sustain our capabilities     Transfer; Charles A. Maxwell and Rupert G. Smith,
difference in performance rating, current salary,        to provide highest-value research and technology to       Craft Resources; Joanne O. Ramey, Solid State
reference pay zone, etc.).                               our customers, we will continue to develop solutions
  According to Mike, “It is important to recognize       which address the need to pay competitive salaries        20 years: Bryan L. Broadhead, Nuclear Science &
that salary increases are based upon performance         while aggressively managing the cost of doing             Technology; Gwo-Liang Chen, Life Sciences;
and the value of employee contributions and, as a        business.”                                                Glenn M. Cross, Integrated Operations Support;
result, vary from individual to individual.” Factors        Annual performance review meetings between             Brenda A Johnson, Business & Information Ser-
considered by managers in the determination of           ORNL staff and their managers to discuss the              vices Dir.; Stephen Spooner, Solid State
individual salary increases include an employee’s        assessment of their performance and accomplish-
performance rating for the completed review period,      ments against their results plans should be completed
present salary in relation to the market average         by the end of January. Managers frequently use this
(reference pay zone) for comparable jobs in the          same meeting to discuss and agree upon their                   CIGNA deductible changes
                                                                                                                           effective January 1
Lab employees continue holiday giving                                                                                    For CIGNA participants, effective Jan. 1,
                                                                                                                      2002, the out-of-network deductible under
                                                                                                                      the CIGNA plan increases from 0.75 percent
T    he holidays have elicited the usual wave of
    generosity of spirit at ORNL. Among the
successes have been a Thanksgiving food drive and
                                                         for helping to ensure these children have a much
                                                         happier holiday season,” says Cathy.
                                                           The Spallation Neutron Source has again orga-
                                                                                                                      (three-fourths of a percent) of pay to one
                                                                                                                      percent of pay, and the deductible for pre-
                                                                                                                      scription drugs filled at a retail pharmacy will
an angel tree.                                           nized an angel tree and food basket collection for           increase from $50 to $100 annually for both
   The Values Committee’s food drive, coordinated        area needy families. Some of the baskets come                the CIGNA and indemnity plans. These
by Jerry Gray of the Operational Safety Services         decorated, including one that was even lit.                  changes were among those benefit plan
Division, collected 108 boxes of nonperishable food                                                                   changes communicated earlier in the year .
items and $550, which went to the First Cumberland          Team UT-Battelle will be seeking volunteers for           Call OneCall, 574-1500, with questions about
Presbyterian Church and to the Salvation Army in         the Oak Ridge Community Playhouse for the rest of            benefits delivery.
Oak Ridge.                                               its production season. The playhouse needs help
   The church delivered turkeys and the food items       primarily with stagecraft—lighting, set design and
to many needy families in the area. The delivery to      other behind-the-scenes tasks. If you’d like to help
the Salvation Army alleviated a shortage of food         the playhouse, call Bob Wham, 576-7783.                   Called up for military duty?
that was causing them to have to turn people away.          Team UT-Battelle is there to boost employees’            The events of Sept. 11 have resulted in a call-up
   Values’ Cathy Cheverton reports that this year’s      volunteerism on projects outside the Lab. If you          of military reservists and National Guard units. If
angel tree provided gifts for 181 children from 10       have a community cause or activity that you think         you are called up for military duty, including full-
surrounding counties and organizations and contrib-      Team UT-Battelle can help support with volunteer          time active duty, Human Resources asks that you
uted $445 in cash donations. “This has been a            or organizational assistance, call Brenda Hackworth,      notify your supervisor and then contact an HR
tremendous project and we want to thank everyone         574-4160.                                                 manager at 574-4433.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory                                                                                                                                             7
‘Technically right’: For Norbert Holtkamp, the SNS is the place to be
                                                         consumption, a shorter linac and an enhanced            light source driven by a superconducting linac, a
A     sk Norbert Holtkamp why he’s at ORNL, and
       he’ll likely give you a reason similar to the
one Willie Sutton gave for robbing banks.
                                                         upgrade potential—led to the decision to add
                                                         Jefferson Lab to the collaboration. The SNS’s proton
                                                                                                                 relativistic ion accelerator or a linear collider, one of
                                                                                                                 his former research areas. He says the latter will
   Willie said, “Because that’s where the money is.”     linac draws upon much of Jeff Lab’s experience with     likely be two superconducting linacs, each 100 times
Norbert might tell you, “Because that’s where the        its electron linac.                                     as long as the SNS’s linac, pointing extremely high-
Spallation Neutron Source is.”                              “I thought it was the                                energy, nanometer-sized beams directly at each other.
   Norbert came to Oak Ridge in February from            right way to go,” he                                    It’s an awesome idea, espoused in a recent High-
Fermilab, where he worked for more than two years.       says, “technically right,                               Energy Physics Advisory Panel report, and it’s meant
During that time, the native of Germany served on        in that it’s better to                                  for equally awesome science. Such a project will
some of the SNS project’s many review commit-            build the first                                         undoubtedly build on the experience and collabora-
tees, struck up some good relationships and received     high-powered                                            tion skills that the SNS has pioneered.
an offer from soon-to-retire Bob Kustom and Ed           superconducting                                            The SNS facility will involve top-shelf technology,
Temple to come and work on the project himself.          proton linac. That was                                  Norbert says. The 1.4-megawatt proton beam comes
As is typical with the SNS project, things happened      a very large attraction                                 with a level of beam control “two orders of magni-
fast; by April he was directing the project’s Accel-     to me; I always wanted                                  tude” more complicated than anything attempted so
erator Systems Division.                                 to do it, and it was a                                  far. And yet it’s also being designed to be a stable
   “The SNS provides an opportunity to do some-          project I could identify                                and reliable producer of neutron beams. So how
thing that hadn’t been done—build a large-scale          myself with.”                                           much technical risk is involved?
accelerator facility with a collaboration of laborato-      Norbert comes from                                      “The biggest challenge is in the superconducting
ries,” Norbert says. “People have to learn to work       a high-energy physics                                   linac,” he says. “It’s a technology that’s not been
together, and that was the steepest part of the          background, with            Norbert Holtkamp            used for that kind of beam. But the payoff will be
learning curve, too. But it’s the wave of the future     experience at the                                       tremendous—a potential power increase by a factor
for these large projects.”                               Stanford Linear Accelerator Center and Germany’s        of two that will cost less to build and less to power.”
   The SNS job offer created a challenge for             Deutches-Elektronen-Synchrotron, or DESY                   Norbert’s Accelerator Systems Division has the job
Norbert. A paper he had published at Fermilab—the        (pronounced “daisy”), as well as the two and a half     of pulling together the systems built by the different
subject was neutrino production using a muon             years at Fermilab.                                      labs and getting them installed in working order. “It’s
storage ring—had gained much attention. He was              “High-energy accelerator physics is an extremely     an assembly of a very interesting group of people.
also entertaining the possibility of working on a        valuable education. People in high-energy physics       They are from Oak Ridge, the partner DOE laborato-
project in Amman, Jordan, to construct a synchro-        are driven to have the highest energy possible, the     ries and international labs—highly motivated and, in
tron light source (SESAME)—a project involving           highest luminosity and therefore the most accelera-     many cases very young, people,” he says.
several Middle Eastern countries. He had several         tion per unit cost,” he says. “That naturally causes       These scientists, like Norbert, have come to the
options and all of them were attractive.                 people to work very hard on how to get as much out      SNS because it is cutting edge.
   The clincher for Norbert may have been the SNS        of the design as possible, and that drives a lot of        “The SNS is America’s most prestigious project,”
project’s superconducting linear accelerator. Early      innovation.”                                            he says. “It’s the dream of my life—being in charge
designs favored a more conventional “linac.”                In fact, he points out that lessons learned on the   of building a large accelerator project. If any other
However, advances in superconducting technology          SNS will very likely be applied to the Next Big         large-scale accelerator project is built during my
and advantages—which include reduced power               Thing, which could turn out to be a fourth-generation   career, the SNS will be the model for it.”—B.C.

                                                                                                                 Number 33, December 2001
                                                                                              PRSRT STD
                                                                                              U.S. Postage
                                                                                                  PAID           Seattle story,        page 1
P.O. Box 2008                                                                                 Permit #37
Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6146                                                                      Powell, TN         Kelly on ESH&Q, page 1
                                                                                                                 Lab Notes: Russells’ tribute,
                                                                                                                 Bethel Valley Road, biofacts,
                                                                                                                  page 3

                                                                                                                 Awards Night, pages 4- 5
                                                                                                                 EMSP scores, page 6
                                                                                                                 Compensation program, page 7


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