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The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia What are

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					The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
 What are the major historical events
    that shaped modern day Saudi
               Arabia?
  What are the major landforms of
            Saudi Arabia?
 What is the geography and climate
           of Saudi Arabia?
     What government/economic
  systems are used in Saudi Arabia?
Location
     LOCATION
•Saudi Arabia is the largest
country on the Arabian
Peninsula in SW Asia.
•It is bordered by Jordan,
Iraq, and Syria to the
north.
•It is bordered by Yemen
and Oman to the south.
•It is bordered by the Red
Sea to the west and the
Persian Gulf to the east.
Geography and
   Climate
•Saudi Arabia has a
desert landscape and a
desert (arid) climate.
•Water is scarce.
•The only source of fresh
water in Saudi Arabia is
found in scattered
oases.
•Saudi Arabia’s arid
climate means its
farmers rely on
irrigation.
History of Saudi Arabia
     History
•Saudi Arabia is the
home to the
religion of Islam.
•Islam was founded
in the city of
Mecca in the 600s.
•Islam spread
quickly throughout
Southwest Asia.
      History
•The territory now
known as Saudi
Arabia was made
up of a small
number of separate
kingdoms.
•These kingdoms
were unified by
King Ibn Saud in
1902, the head of
the Saud family.
    History


•Additional
territories
were added
and the
modern
kingdom of
Saudi Arabia
was created in
1932.
                   History




• Saudi Arabia is currently ruled by King
  Abdullah bin Abdul Jabar.

• He has ruled Saudi Arabia since 2005.
Ethnic Groups
•Arabs are the
largest ethnic
group in Saudi
Arabia.

•The majority of
Saudi Arabia’s
non-citizens are
workers from
countries around
the world.
     Religion
•Nearly 100% of
Saudi Arabia’s
citizens practice
Sunni Islam.
•The laws of Saudi
Arabia are
influenced by
Islamic teachings.
•The two holiest
places in Islam are
both located in
Saudi Arabia.
 The Two Great Mosques of Saudi
             Arabia
The Great Mosque   The Prophet’s Mosque
     Religion
•Islam was founded
in the city of Mecca
•Muhammad,
Islam’s founder,
lived in Mecca and
Medina.
•One of the Five
Pillars of Islam is
the hajj, or the
pilgrimage to Mecca
in one’s lifetime.
  Government
•Saudi Arabia is
an absolute
monarchy or
autocracy with
the king holding
total power.

•Saudi Arabia’s
current king is
the head of the
Saud family,
King Abdullah.
 Government
•The Saud family
has ruled parts of
Saudi Arabia since
the early 1700s.

•The Saud family
has been in power
since Saudi Arabia
was created in
1932.
          Government

The people of Saudi Arabia have no
 political power and do not elect
  any of the nation’s leadership.
    Economy
•Saudi Arabia
has a command
economy
controlled by
the king and his
advisors.
•The kingdom’s
economy
specializes in
the oil industry.
      Economy
•Because Saudi
Arabia
specializes in oil,
it is dependent
on other nations
to provide it
with the
majority of its
citizens needs
and wants.
           Oil
•Saudi Arabia is the
world’s largest exporter
of oil.
•They possess 1/5 of the
world’s oil reserves.
•Oil was discovered in
the region in 1931.
•Aramco is the nation’s
sole oil company. It is
controlled by the king.
       Oil
•The nation
exported
nearly $181
billion of oil in
2009.
•Japan and the
United States
purchased the
most oil from
Saudi Arabia.
         Oil
•The majority of
Saudi Arabia’s
oil is located
near the Persian
Gulf.
•The Persian
Gulf allows
Saudi Arabia to
easily export its
oil.
       Oil
•The discovery of
oil has made Saudi
Arabia and the
majority of Middle
Eastern countries
strategically
important and has
given these nations
worldwide
influence.
•The United States
is Saudi Arabia’s
main ally in the
West.
        Oil
•The exporting of
oil has also greatly
improved the
quality of life
(standard of living)
for the people of
Saudi Arabia.
•This has led to an
increase in life
expectancy and a
decline in infant
mortality.
    Oil---OPEC
•Saudi Arabia is
a member of
OPEC.
•OPEC is the
Organization of
Petroleum
Exporting
Countries.
•OPEC consists
of 12 countries.
   Oil---OPEC
•The goal of
OPEC is to
control the
supply of oil.
•They do this
in an attempt
to control of
the price of oil.

				
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