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The Terra Cotta Army of Emperor Shi-Huangdi Founder of the Qin dynasty 221-206 BCE. X’ian, China In 1974, several farmers digging a well found the Terra Cotta Army in their field. They called in local authorities to examine the pieces they had uncovered. As they dug into this field , the archaeologists uncovered the army.They found 3 pits , each with different soldiers in them. Digging this well caused the army to be discovered in 1974. The farmers who found the site while digging a well were paid about $500 for their land by the government. Today ,they work signing autographs for tourists who visit it and are paid by the government. There are 3 large pits at this site. Pit 1 covers an area of 16,000 square meters . It is covered in a huge dome. Pit 2 covers an area of 7,100 square meters and includes bronze chariots. Pit 3 covers an area of 4,282 square meters and is the least excavated. Horses in Pit 2 Ramps to get the soldiers in. A group of ceremonial guards Pit Number One This pit contains over 6,ooo soldiers Putting the army back together The army being reassembled The bundles are missing pieces When archaeologists work at putting the soldiers back together, they find potential pieces and create a bundle of them for each one. Then the workers searches for the location of a specific piece. If they find ONE PIECE in a day, they are very happy. Putting this gigantic puzzle back together will be the life’s work of many archaeologists. Individual Faces An enlisted man An offficer and his horse Each soldier has a unique face. It is probable that each soldier was modeled after a specific soldier but there is no way to verify this. Clothing and hairstyles show us the class differences which existed in this army. An archer without his bow Seeing the army Moustaches • Archaeologists have found 24 different types of moustaches on the soldiers faces. They show the range of social classes which the army came from. Individual differences could indicate social status or simply personal preference. Another view Officers in the front in battle formation The army was found in pieces. Another view Cavalry troops Hairstyles show these were regular army Armies under repair Since few weapons of any kind were found with the soldiers, it is probable that they were stolen in the past so they could be used. A Ming era tomb on top of warriors Headless soldiers Pit Number Three Continuing work here A cavalry officer with his horse An impressive sight ! The Terra Cotta Army was created in the neighboring mountains. Chinese archaeologists have found the kilns used to bake the statues. For the army, individual soldiers can be used to identify the area they came from through clothing design. Bronze Chariot with umbrella Horses Bridle Silver and gold In 1987, the Terra Cotta Army was placed on the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. The site has been visited by approximately 40 million people in 20 years. It welcomes 1,500,000 visitors a year.
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