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Terra Cotta Warriors (PowerPoint)


  • pg 1
									  The Terra Cotta Army
  Emperor Shi-Huangdi
Founder of the Qin dynasty
     221-206 BCE.
      X’ian, China
In 1974, several farmers digging a
well found the Terra Cotta Army in
   their field. They called in local
 authorities to examine the pieces
 they had uncovered. As they dug
 into this field , the archaeologists
uncovered the army.They found 3
pits , each with different soldiers in
Digging this well caused the army to be
          discovered in 1974.
The farmers who found the site
 while digging a well were paid
about $500 for their land by the
government. Today ,they work
signing autographs for tourists
who visit it and are paid by the
   There are 3 large pits at this site.
Pit 1 covers an area of 16,000 square
meters . It is covered in a huge dome.
Pit 2 covers an area of 7,100 square
meters and includes bronze chariots.
Pit 3 covers an area of 4,282 square
 meters and is the least excavated.
Horses in Pit 2
Ramps to get the soldiers in.
A group of ceremonial guards
Pit Number One
This pit contains over 6,ooo
Putting the army back together
The army being reassembled
The bundles are missing pieces
  When archaeologists work at putting
  the soldiers back together, they find
potential pieces and create a bundle of
 them for each one. Then the workers
 searches for the location of a specific
piece. If they find ONE PIECE in a day,
     they are very happy. Putting this
gigantic puzzle back together will be the
   life’s work of many archaeologists.
Individual Faces
An enlisted man
An offficer and his horse
Each soldier has a unique face. It is
   probable that each soldier was
modeled after a specific soldier but
    there is no way to verify this.
Clothing and hairstyles show us the
 class differences which existed in
              this army.
An archer without his bow
Seeing the army
• Archaeologists have found 24 different
  types of moustaches on the soldiers faces.
  They show the range of social classes
  which the army came from. Individual
  differences could indicate social status or
  simply personal preference.
Another view
Officers in the front in battle formation
The army was found in pieces.
Another view
Cavalry troops
Hairstyles show these were regular army
Armies under repair
Since few weapons of any kind
were found with the soldiers, it
   is probable that they were
stolen in the past so they could
            be used.
A Ming era tomb on top of warriors
Headless soldiers
Pit Number Three
Continuing work here
A cavalry officer with his horse
An impressive sight !
    The Terra Cotta Army was
    created in the neighboring
       mountains. Chinese
  archaeologists have found the
 kilns used to bake the statues.
For the army, individual soldiers
 can be used to identify the area
they came from through clothing
Bronze Chariot with umbrella
Horses Bridle
Silver and gold
 In 1987, the Terra Cotta Army
was placed on the list of World
  Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
 The site has been visited by
approximately 40 million people
    in 20 years. It welcomes
    1,500,000 visitors a year.

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