Anatomy Homework 1. Define cell and organelle. Chapter 1 (Continued) 2. Describe the general structure and function of 5. Define homeostasis. the plasma membrane. 6. What is the consequence of loss of homeostasis, or homeostasis imbalance? 3. Describe the general composition and function 7. Describe the anatomical position. of the cytosol and inclusions of the cytoplasm. 8. On what body surface (Anterior of Posterior) 4. Name the cellular organelles and explain the is each of the following located: Nose, calf of function of each of the following: leg, umbilicus, and fingernails? Microfilament, Microvilli, 9. Several pairs of structures are given next. In Cilia, Flagella, Ribosome, each case, choose the one that meets the Endoplasmic Reticulum, condition given first. Mitochondria, Nucleus a. Distal—the knee/the foot b. Lateral—the cheekbone/the nose 5. What is the difference between active and c. Superior—the neck/the chin passive transport processes? d. Anterior—the heel/the toenails e. External—the skin/skeletal muscles 6. Define diffusion, osmosis, filtration, 10. What kind of section would have to be made exocytosis, endocytosis, phagocytosis, and to cut the brain into anterior and posterior pinocytosis. parts? At the Clinic 1. A nurse informed John that Chapter 1 she was about to take blood Short Answer Essay from his antecubital region. 1. Define anatomy and physiology. What part of his body was she referring to? Later, she came back and said that she was 2. Why would you have a hard time trying to going to give him an antibiotic shot in the learn and understand physiology if you did not deltoid region. Did he take off his shirt or also understand anatomy? drop his pants to get the shot. Before John left the office, the nurse noticed that his left sural 3. List the 11 organ systems of the body, briefly region was bruised. What part of his body was describe the function of each, and then name bruised? two organs in each system. 2. How is the concept of homeostasis (or it’s 4. In addition to being able to metabolize, grow, loss) related to disease and aging? Provide digest food, and excrete wastes, what functions examples to support your reasoning. must an organism perform it if is to survive? 3. When we begin to become dehydrated, we usually become thirsty, which causes us to drink fluids. On the basis of what you now know about control systems, decide whether the thirst sensation is part of a negative or positive feedback control system and defend your choice 4. Jennie Dip fell off her motorcycle and tore a nerve in her axillary region. She also tore ligaments in her cervical and scapular regions and broke the sole bone of her right brachial region. Explain where each of her injuries is located.
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