Plagiarism Educating_ Avoiding_ and Detecting by ewghwehws


									            CM 220
    College Composition II
       UNIT 6 Seminar

           Professor Wright
    General Education, Composition
          Kaplan University

              Unit 6 Learning Activities

    • Reading: Introduction to unit; The Kaplan Guide to
      Successful Writing, ch. 6 (pp. 37-44), ch. 14 (pp. 169-
    • WC handout on integrating quotations effectively
    • Invention Lab: Strategies for defeating writer’s block
    • Seminar: Draft idea development and organization
    • Project: First draft of big idea (3-5 pages with cohesive
      paragraphs, an introduction and conclusion, and at least
      3 academic sources cited)
    • Tech lab: Graphic design and Prezi

                Unit 6 Draft Guidelines

    This “blueprint for progress” is your initial attempt to put
      together all the pieces of your research, pre-writing, and
      organizational techniques. While this draft will not be
      perfect, it is not “rough,” either. It is a complete paper
      containing the main points of your project, and it should
      be clear, well researched and well organized.

                               More Guidelines
    •   Includes an introduction with a logical persuasive thesis statement and a conclusion
        that wraps up the essay. The mission statement is effective and needs little revision
        for the final project. Shows original thought.
    •   Supports main points effectively and clearly (no logical fallacies, outside sources used
        to support arguments where appropriate) and skillfully refutes counter-arguments
        without ignoring data that contradicts the student’s thesis.
    •   Refers to at least 3 secondary sources in the body of the paper and on the references
    •   Paragraphs are well-developed, coherent, and logically organized.
    •   The style is appropriate to the assignment, and sentences are engaging to read as well
        as clear, concise, and precise.
    •   Project is free of serious errors; grammar, punctuation, and spelling help to clarify the
        meaning by following accepted conventions of Standard American English.
    •   Follows APA guidelines for the document layout and citations (including title page, in
        text citations, and References page)
    •   Meets 3-5 page length requirement.

                     Strong Paragraphs
    •   Are limited and focused
    •   Are unified and coherent
    •   Are clearly relevant to the thesis
    •   Are well developed
    •   Include a clear topic sentence, supporting sentences, and
        a clear conclusion

           More help with Paragraphs

    • For a helpful Writing Center workshop on this
      topic, review:

               Developing your Paragraphs
    What are some methods for developing paragraphs?
    •   Use examples and illustrations
    •   Cite data (facts, statistics, evidence, details, and others)
    •   Examine testimony (what other people say such as quotes and paraphrases)
    •   Use an anecdote or story
    •   Define terms in the paragraph
    •   Compare and contrast
    •   Evaluate causes and reasons
    •   Examine effects and consequences
    •   Analyze the topic
    •   Describe the topic
    •   Offer a chronology of an event (On Paragraphs, 2010).

          Is this Paragraph Developed?

    We should provide more financial support for 9/11
     First Responders. Many are currently in poor
     health or dying from complications resulting
     from exposure to toxins at Ground Zero. It is
     unfair for them to suffer and die without
     adequate support from the government.

    What would YOU do to make this paragraph

               Using Transitions

    Show relationship between ideas
    Demonstrate that thoughts are logical and
      progressive, rather than random and
    Provide unity and coherence
    Provide smooth “flow” within and between

               Some Example Transitions
 To indicate time    To provide an   To indicate results
 order               example
 In the past         For example     As a result
 earlier             For instance    consequently
 before              To illustrate   Because of
 currently           specifically    Since
 preceding           In particular   therefore
 presently           namely          For this reason

                                  A more complete list

 Similarity                                 also, in the same way, just as ... so too, likewise, similarly

 Exception/contrast                         but, however, in spite of, on the one hand ... on the other hand,
                                            nevertheless, nonetheless, notwithstanding, in contrast, on the
                                            contrary, still, yet

 Sequence/order                             first, second, third, ... next, then, finally

 Time                                       after, afterward, at last, before, currently, during, earlier,
                                            immediately, later, meanwhile, now, recently, simultaneously,
                                            subsequently, then

 Example                                    for example, for instance, namely, specifically, to illustrate

 Emphasis                                   even, indeed, in fact, of course, truly

 Place/Position                             above, adjacent, below, beyond, here, in front, in back, nearby, there

 Cause and effect                           accordingly, consequently, hence, so, therefore, thus

 Additional Support or Evidence             additionally, again, also, and, as well, besides, equally important,
                                            further, furthermore, in addition, moreover, then
 Conclusion/Summary                         finally, in a word, in brief, briefly, in conclusion, in the end, in the
                                            final analysis, on the whole, thus, to conclude, to summarize, in sum,
                                            to sum up, in summary

       What transitions would you use and
     • One of Mary Washington University’s best features is its
       small student population. The average class size is 25-30
       students. Students have many opportunities to meet in
       one-on-one conferences with their professors. This gives
       each student the opportunity to discuss class
     • Napoleon and his navy were no match for the British. In
       fact, Napoleon lost almost all of his sea battles.
       The French army was very strong and powerful. Under
       Napoleon’s orders, it conquered most of continental


     Share a paragraph from your draft you are
       currently working on.
     Offer your classmates advice on strengthening
       their paragraphs.


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