BCT POI 21-114 - DOC by UJofDl

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									                                           TSP NO. 2
                                             (VA-4)
                                           1 OCT 98


    TRAINING SUPPORT PACKAGE
               FOR
                   HONOR

   THIS                                      PACKAGE
 HAS BEEN                                   DEVELOPED
FOR USE BY                                    ALL U.S.
   ARMY                                      TRAINING
 CENTERS                                       THAT
 CONDUCT                                      INITIAL
  ENTRY                                      TRAINING


PREPARED
 COMBAT
                    BCT                    BY THE BASIC
                                             TRAINING




                MANAGEMENT OFFICE
             FORT BENNING, GEORGIA 31905
                                                                              BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



                   TRAINING SUPPORT PACKAGE (TSP)

TSP            BCT POI 21-114, Values Training - Honor
Number/        Training Support Package (TSP) VA4
Title

Effective Date 1 October 1998


Supersedes     N/A
TSP(s)

TSP User       Drill Sergeants / Instructor Cadre


Proponent      Center for Army Leadership, Combined Arms Center, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.


Improvement    Users are invited to send comments and suggested improvements on DA Form
Comments       2028, Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms.

               Completed forms, or equivalent response, will be mailed or attached to electronic
               e-mail and transmitted to:

               Commandant                           Fax:    Commercial
               U.S. Army Infantry School                    or DSN
               ATTN: ATSH-OTT-F                     E-mail: BCT-POI@
               Fort Benning, GA 31905-7857          E-mail-cc:   IET-CMD@ATSC.ARMY.MIL

                Note: Digital Library users are also provided opportunity to create and
                transmit electronic notes/lessons learned information as TSP/lesson
                materials are reviewed and prepared for instruction.



Security       Unclassified / Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI)
Clearance/
Access

Foreign        See enclosed lesson(s) for FD restriction statements per Chapter I-1, TR 350-70.
Disclosure
Restrictions




                                                                                                   1
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



                                     PREFACE


Purpose      This TSP provides instructor with a standardized lesson plan and presentation
             materials which support Initial Entry Training (IET) instruction for:

             TASK NUMBER                  TASK TITLE

             TBD                          Action: Apply the Army core values in your
                                          personal behavior.
                                          Condition: When faced with daily decisions.
                                          Standard: At all times and places, and in every
                                          situation.


Delivery     LESSON NUMBER                TECHNIQUE OF DELIVERY
Technique
             VA4                          Group-paced instruction (GP)


                                                                       Continued on next page




2
                                                                        BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



PREFACE, Continued

This TSP                            TABLE OF CONTENTS
Contains                                                                             Page
           Preface                                                                    2
           Lesson       Section I, Administrative Data                                4
           Plan         Section II, Introduction                                      9
                        Terminal Learning Objective: Identify the individual
                        actions and/or personal characteristics that embody the
                        Army core value honor.                                        10
                        Section III, Presentation                                     12
                        Enabling Learning Objective A: Define the Army core
                        value honor.                                                  12
                        Enabling Learning Objective B: Verbally describe aspects
                        of the meaning and importance of the Army value honor.        14
                        Enabling Learning Objective C: Identify actions taken in
                        the vignettes, or actions you would take, that demonstrate
                        the Army core value honor.                                    21
                        Section IV, Summary                                           29
                        Section V, Student Evaluation                                 32
           Appendixes   A. Instructional Media                                       A-1
                        B. Test and Test Solutions                                   N/A
                        C. Practical Exercises and Solutions                         N/A
                        D. Student Handouts                                          N/A
                        E. Course Map                                                N/A




                                                                                            3
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



               LESSON VA4: VALUES TRAINING – HONOR

SECTION I. ADMINISTRATIVE DATA
                                          1 October 1998



All Courses   COURSE NUMBER(S)               COURSE TITLE(S)
Including
This Lesson   BCT 21-114                     Basic Combat Training


Task(s)       TASK NUMBER                                         TASK TITLE
Taught or
Supported     TBD                              Apply the Army core values in your personal
                                               behavior.


Reinforced    TASK NUMBER                      TASK TITLE
Task(s)


Academic      The academic hours required to teach this lesson are as follows:
Hours
                                                 PEACETIME                                MOB
                                  AC          TASS Training Bns           AC/RC
                               Resident     AT/ADT         IDT           Non-res DL
                               HRS:MIN      HRS:MIN     HRS:MIN          HRS:MIN        HRS:MIN
                                 /MOI          /MOI       /MOI             /MOI           /MOI
                               0:35/CO       0:35/CO                                    0:35/CO
                               0:15/CS       0:15/CS                                    0:15/CS
                  Test
              Total Hours      1:00           1:00                                      1:00

Note 1:       Time reflects summation of lesson academic time by MOI.

Note 2:       Time must be shown in Hours:Minutes.

Note 3:       One academic hour equals 50 minutes and does not include “break” time. (1:40
              represents a 50-minute academic hour and an additional 40 minutes of
              instruction.)


                                                                             Continued on next page




4
                                                                              BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



ADMINISTRATIVE DATA, Continued

Test Lesson                                         Hours              Lesson No.
Number                        Testing
                     (to include test review)


Prerequisite   LESSON NUMBER                             LESSON TITLE
Lesson(s)
               VA1                                       Values Training - Introduction


Security       Unclassified / Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI)
Clearance/
Access

Foreign        DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is
Disclosure     unlimited.
Restrictions


References     Number           Title                         Date         Additional
                                                                           Information
               FM 22-100        Army Leadership Field         Pending      Undergoing revision
                                Manual
               TRADOC           IET Soldier’s Handbook        Jan 98       Reprinted annually
               PAM 600-4


Student        TO BE ADDED
Study
Assignments

                                                                          Continued on next page




                                                                                                   5
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



ADMINISTRATIVE DATA, Continued

Instructor     None
Requirements

Additional     None
Support
Personnel
Requirements

Equipment                                                                        QTY REQ
Required       LIN/NSN              NOMENCLATURE                                PER CLASS

               AVTVE-PLR            Player, Video 3/4 or 1/2 Cassette                 1
               VC3/4 OR 1/2UM

               ANPRJ-PRJPTFP        Screen, Projector                                 1

               AVPRJ-               Projector, Overhead                               1
               PRJOVTRN

               AVTVE-RCV-           Receiver                                          2
               TVC Television

Note:          The quantity required per iteration is based on one training unit/platoon.
               This list is a minimum of what will be used. Specific training aids and
               equipment will be listed by the using ATC.


Materials      INSTRUCTOR MATERIALS:            Values Training—Honor Video (number
Required                                        pending), viewgraphs, chalkboard and chalk or
                                                butcher paper and easel.

               STUDENT MATERIALS:               Values card


                                                                        Continued on next page




6
                                                                                 BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



ADMINISTRATIVE DATA, Continued


Classroom,      RESOURCE ID                   DESCRIPTION
Training
Area, and       171-20                        General Instruction Building, 55PN
Range
Requirements

Ammunition      None
Requirements

Instructional   Before presenting this lesson, instructors must thoroughly prepare by studying this
Guidance        lesson and identified reference material.

                Follow the instructional plan outlined in the preface. It may be helpful to keep a
                note pad handy to jot down things that you want to remember for next time or as
                opportunities for improvement. Your notes will also be handy for the other
                instructors with whom you are working.

                Instructional time is limited. You will be required to present all developed
                materials within the allotted time. Stay on track. Although open discussion is
                required and encouraged during training, it will be up to you to keep things
                moving. Refocus on the value when side conversations slide off the topic.

Note:           In the Values Introduction lesson, the soldiers were encouraged to carry their
                values card with them at all times. In the introduction to this lesson, instruct
                the soldiers to refer to their Values card. Prior to class time, require the
                soldiers to carry their Values card with them to class. Before class begins,
                inform the soldiers how they may obtain additional copies in the event theirs
                has been misplaced.

Note:           Enabling learning objective C includes four vignettes (case studies) with
                suggested questions and answers. Review the vignettes in advance to get a feel
                for how long it might take to present each one. How many and which
                vignettes are presented is up to you. It is suggested that a minimum of two
                vignettes be presented in the allotted time. Additional vignettes are included
                in the BCT/OSUT Cadre Guide.

Note:           Use of the Army value “Honor” video is optional. However, it is
                recommended that you use the video to introduce or summarize the lesson.


                                                                            Continued on next page




                                                                                                      7
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



ADMINISTRATIVE DATA, Continued

Proponent     NAME          Rank   Position   Date
Lesson Plan
Approvals     TO BE ADDED                     1 Oct 98



Branch        NAME          Rank   Position   Date
Safety
Manager       TO BE ADDED                     1 Oct 98
Approvals




8
                                                                              BCT VA4 TSP No. XX




SECTION II. INTRODUCTION

            Method of instruction: Conference (CO)
            Instructor to student ratio is:  1   : 25
            Time of instruction (minutes):   10
            Media: Video

Motivator

Note:       Show: FIGURE 1 (Honor)

            Army Brigadier General Samuel Lyman Atwood Marshall was an American
            soldier, military writer, and journalist. When speaking about honor in 1950, he
            said, "A man has honor if he holds himself up to a course of conduct because of a
            conviction that it is in the general interest, even though he is well aware that it
            may lead to inconvenience, personal loss, humiliation, or grave personal risk."

            Question: What does this tell us about honor?

            Answers:
                   Honor has to do with what is in the “general interest,” not the personal
                    interest. It has to do with what’s right for the unit, for the Army, and for
                    the country. (This relates to our Army values of selfless service, respect,
                    and loyalty.)
                   Honor is about doing what’s right, in spite of opposition. (This relates to
                    our Army values of integrity and personal courage.)
                   Honor is about our conduct. We must live our values to consider
                    ourselves honorable. (This relates to our Army values of duty, and
                    honor.)

            Note that honor is not one of the “points” on the compass. Rather, honor is the
            value that surrounds all the points of the compass. It is the glue that holds the
            others together.

            Today, and all of this week, we will talk about honor. We will talk about what it
            means and how we behave in honorable ways. It is an honor for us to be in the
            Army. It is up to all of us to constantly act with honor, so that we bring honor to
            the country, to the Army, and to ourselves.


                                                                        Continued on next page




                                                                                                   9
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



INTRODUCTION, Continued

Terminal         Note: Inform the students of the following terminal learning objective
Learning         requirements.
Objective
                 At the completion of this lesson, you [the student] will:

                 ACTION:            Identify the individual actions and/or personal characteristics
                                    that embody the Army core value honor.
                 CONDITION:         During training, when faced with daily decisions on what
                                    personal actions to take.
                 STANDARD:          Fully define the Army core value honor;
                                    State an example of the Army core value honor;
                                    Always demonstrate correct application of the Army core
                                    value honor.


Safety           None
Requirements

Risk             This class is assigned a risk level of LOW.
Assessment
Level            Potential risk: produced locally.


Environmental    It is the responsibility of all soldiers and DA civilians to protect the environment
Considerations   from damage. There are no specific environmental considerations for this
                 lesson.


Evaluation       Some or all of the following methods may be used to evaluate your performance
                 of the TLO.

                 Questions/Answers: You will respond satisfactorily to questions about the Army
                 core value honor any time during training.

                 Small-Group Discussions: You will participate in discussions about the Army
                 core value honor.

                 Observations: Your daily conduct will be observed to determine if you
                 demonstrate behaviors consistent with the Army core value honor regardless of
                 the stresses encountered in the performance of your daily duties.


                                                                             Continued on next page




10
                                                                              BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



INTRODUCTION, Continued

Evaluation      (continued)

                At the end of each BCT phase these observations will be recorded and evaluated
                during counseling sessions with the drill sergeant. At that time you will also be
                asked to define one of the Army core values taught during the phase and
                describe an application of that Army core value.

Note:           Inform the students how, when, and where performance of the TLO will be
                evaluated.


Instructional
Lead-In

Note:           Direct soldiers to take out their Values card prior to the training. (It
                should be a ready reference by now.) Give them a moment, during which
                time the instructor should encourage them to keep it handy and inform
                them how they may obtain additional copies. They will be using the Values
                card shortly.

Note:           Optional Video Presentation. The video is optional, and if used may be
                used anytime during the lesson. It is recommended that the video be used
                either to introduce or to summarize the training. If used during the
                introduction, the video will be presented at this time. Subsequent to the
                video, the material in the Presentation section below will be used to expand
                on and explore the issues raised by the video. The instructor should refer
                back to the video, where appropriate, during presentation of the
                Presentation section material below.

                We will now watch a short video that will serve as an introduction to the Army
                value honor. Pay attention throughout the video and the lesson because you
                will be required to answer questions and participate in discussions. You will
                also be observed during the rest of BCT, and evaluated at counseling sessions to
                determine whether your behavior is consistent with the Army value honor.


                                                                         Continued on next page




                                                                                                    11
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX




SECTION III. PRESENTATION

Enabling      Note: Inform the students of the Enabling Learning Objective requirements.
Learning
Objective A
              ACTION:           Define the Army core value honor.
              CONDITION:        During formal and routine training sessions while under
                                observation in the normal performance of assigned duty.
              STANDARD:         With no errors.


1.            Define honor.

              Method of instruction: Conference (CO)
              Instructor to student ratio is: 1   : 25
              Time of instruction (minutes):  5
              Media: Viewgraphs
              Reference: FM 22-100 Army Leadership Field Manual
              Security Classification:

Note:         Show: FIGURE 2 (The Seven Army Core Values)

              Honor is one of our seven Army core values. Yet it is a little different. It covers
              all of the other Army core values.

Note:         Direct soldiers to look at their Values card and read the definition of the
              Army value of honor.

              a. The Army definition of honor: Live up to all the Army values.

              This is the Army definition of honor. This is how the Army value honor is listed
              on the Values card. It tells us that we will have honor if we live up to the other
              values. Honor comes from living by all the other Army core values.

Note:         Lead into a further explanation of the definition. Use one or more quotations
              or questions.


                                                                          Continued on next page




12
                                                                               BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



PRESENTATION, Continued

Enabling      (continued)
Learning
Objective A
              William Shakespeare, a great English writer, wrote, “My honor is my life; Both
Note:         grow as one; Take honor from me, and my life is done.”

              Question: But what exactly is honor?

              Answers:
                  Honor is achieved by always doing what is right.
                  Honor is something we give to others whom we look up to.
                  Honor is something we can’t buy. It is given to us freely when we act in a
                    way that is good and worthy of high admiration.

              b. Explain the definition of honor.

              Honor is a state of high respect or esteem, based on personal worth or merit.

Note:         Show: FIGURE 3 (Honor Comes from Moral Values)

              We say that honor is “Living all of the Army values,” because honor is achieved
              by living by a code or a set of moral values. Moral values are values that are
              good, that are right. Each of us, even before we entered the Army, developed a set
              of values. Your values came from your family, your church, your school, or others
              who deeply influenced you. Those who do what is right achieve honor. The
              other Army values tell us what right means.

              In the Army, a soldier is honorable if he or she does what is right by upholding the
              Army’s values and following the “Code of Conduct.”

              In this sense, honor is like integrity. Integrity is defined as “Do what’s right,
              legally and morally.” A person with integrity does what is right based on his or
              her moral values. That is, the actions they take conform to their values. A person
              has honor when those moral values are also publicly accepted as a proper code of
              moral behavior. Therefore, an honorable person must have integrity to start with.

              Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States said, “Nobody can
              acquire honor by doing what is wrong.”

Note:         Conduct a check on learning and summarize the learning activity.


                                                                          Continued on next page




                                                                                                     13
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



PRESENTATION, Continued

Enabling
Learning
Objective B
              ACTION:         Verbally describe aspects of the meaning and importance of the
                              Army core value honor.
              CONDITION:      During formal and routine training sessions while under
                              observation in the normal performance of assigned duty.
              STANDARD:       The description provided will include two or meanings of
                              honor:
                                   Honor is a tradition (history, legacy) in America.
                                   Honor is a code of conduct or way of life (living,
                                  being, adopting the values, or being “on your honor”).
                                   Honor is receiving a justly deserved award for
                                  excellence (fame, glory, praise, or certificates).
                                   Honor is giving high esteem to someone or something
                                  we value (e.g., saluting the flag or an officer, giving
                                  privileges).
                              And two or more reasons why honor is important:
                                   Honor is essential to success in war: we must be able
                                  to trust and rely on one other.
                                   Actions or beliefs that are not honorable hurt you,
                                  others, the Army, and the country.
                                   Individual honor reflects on the honor of the Army,
                                  and we must not dishonor the Army or the country.
                                   Honor is important to personal character. Every
                                  soldier needs to try to be more honorable in order to be a
                                  better person.


1.            Discuss the meaning of honor.

              Method of instruction: Conference (CO)
              Instructor to student ratio is:  1   : 25
              Time of instruction (minutes):   10
              Media: Viewgraphs
              References: FM 22-100 Army Leadership Field Manual
              Security Classification:


                                                                     Continued on next page




14
                                                                               BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



PRESENTATION, Continued

Enabling      (continued)
Learning
Objective B

Note:         Show: FIGURE 4 (Honor--An American Tradition)

              a. Honor is an American value with a long tradition in our history. On July 4,
              1776, representatives of the 13 colonies of Great Britain in North America signed
              a document they called the “Declaration of Independence.” After declaring their
              independence from Great Britain, they knew they now faced a great battle to make
              it come true. They wrote in the last line of this historic document, just above their
              signatures, "We mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our
              sacred honor.” The country’s beginning was thus stamped with the pledge of
              honor by our founding fathers.

              b. Honor is a way of life. Honor is living your values. Honor is having a high
              sense of personal moral standards and conduct. A person has honor if he or she
              holds to the right conduct even though it is hard, costly, or even dangerous.

              You’ve seen the Army commercial, “Be all you can be.” Honor is all about being
              someone who has the strength of mind to live always according to Army values.
              We do this even when the temptations to do otherwise are strong. For example,
              we all place a high value on our lives. However, we are willing to risk and even
              lose our lives when required to by our orders (duty), or when helping others
              (selfless service).

              Your strong belief in a code of conduct can help you make the tough decisions in
              life. General of the Army Douglas MacArthur was the man who oversaw the
              Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in the Pacific. He spoke about the
              values he had learned at the Army’s Military Academy at West Point. He said of
              this code, “Duty, honor, country: Those three hallowed words reverently dictate
              what you ought to be, what you can be, what you will be. They are your rallying
              point to build courage when courage seems to fail, to regain faith when there
              seems to be little cause for faith, to create hope when hope becomes forlorn.”

              The same can be true of your new code of Army values. Your moral strength and
              your honor come from letting them serve you, even as you follow them.

Note:         Instructor may direct the students, at this or at other times during the lesson,
              to repeat the definition of honor. The instructor may say, “What is the Army
              definition of honor?” The class should respond, “Live up to all the Army
              values, drill sergeant.”


                                                                           Continued on next page



                                                                                                      15
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



PRESENTATION, Continued


Enabling      (continued)
Learning
Objective B

Note:         Show: FIGURE 5 (Marksmanship)

              c. Honor can also be the fame and glory of receiving an award, a certificate, or
              perhaps a medal. This is the way we honor those who do well. Each of you,
              before you are done, will qualify on the M-16 rifle. You will receive the honor of
              being able to wear the individual badge of rifle Marksman, Sharpshooter, or
              Expert. As you continue your training and your career in the Army, you will have
              many opportunities to be honored for personal or unit excellence. These honors
              are given to those who do their duty well. Thus, you are honored for your
              excellence in another of the 7 Army core values—the value of duty.

Note:         Inform the soldiers that many of the example vignettes used in these values
              training sessions are based on the true stories of Medal of Honor winners.
              We have named our highest military medal after the value of honor.

              Question: What is our nations highest military medal?

              Answer: The Medal of Honor

Note:         Show: FIGURE 6 (Medal of Honor)

Note:         As early as 1782, General George Washington had established a “Badge of
              Military Merit” to recognize “any singularly meritorious action.” (The
              award consisted of a purple cloth heart, whose shape and color later became
              the basis for our modern “Purple Heart” given for injury in combat.) In
              1862, a congressional resolution was signed into law, providing for a Medal of
              Honor award for the Civil War. It was to be given “to such
              noncommissioned officers and privates as shall most distinguish themselves
              by their gallantry in action, and other soldier-like qualities, during the
              present insurrection.” Congress made the Medal of Honor a permanent
              award in 1863. More than 3,400 men and women have received the award
              for heroic actions in the nation’s battles since that time.

              You have already heard some Medal of Honor stories of men and women who
              have upheld the Army values. Although many of those soldiers died, honor is not
              so much about how you die, but rather about how you live. The Medal of Honor
              is given to honor those whose actions meet the highest standards of honor.


                                                                        Continued on next page



16
                                                                               BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



PRESENTATION, Continued

Enabling      (continued)
Learning
Objective B

Note:         Show: FIGURE 7 (Rendering Honor)

              d. Honor is something that is given as well as received. In this sense it is similar
              to the value of respect. For example, you have been taught to “render honor” to
              the flag of the United States—the symbol of our nation. You show your respect
              and give honor to the flag by standing at attention and saluting.

                  (1) When you respect other people, when you “treat people as they should be
                  treated,” you are honoring them, and you are being honorable.

                  (2) When you show loyalty to this country, the Army, your unit, and other
                  soldiers, you are showing honor and acting in an honorable way.

                  (3) The same can be said about each of the Army values. When you live up to
                  each of the other values, you are honoring others and being honorable
                  yourself.

              Question: In what other ways do you show honor while here at Basic Combat
              Training?

              Answers:
                  Honoring the flag by standing at attention and saluting.
                  Honoring the uniform by always wearing one that is clean and correct.
                  Honoring officers and their authority by saluting them.
                  Honoring your unit and your fellow soldiers by working with others as a
                    team.

Note:         Show: FIGURE 8 (Making it Happen)

Note:         This is an important point and should be emphasized strongly. Honor is
              about doing what is right—all the time. It’s not somebody else’s job to make
              you honorable; it’s up to you to be honorable. Honor requires you to take
              action.


                                                                          Continued on next page




                                                                                                     17
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



PRESENTATION, Continued

Enabling      (continued)
Learning
Objective B
              e. Honor requires action.

              The first step in being honorable is realizing that it is up to you to be so. Honor is
              taking responsibility for your own life. Honor is taking responsibility for all your
              choices and actions, and the results of those actions. You get to choose whom you
              will be. You have to live with the results. The high road is honor.

              One of the things that makes honor so amazing is that it doesn’t take academic
              genius or great physical conditioning to achieve it. It’s not influenced by genes,
              race, sex, size, or brainpower. Anyone can be honorable if he or she chooses. But
              you have to make that choice. It’s up to you; it’s your responsibility.

              Honor does mean that you have to conform to the Army’s core values. In the
              Army, we start you out by telling you up front what all the correct behaviors are.
              But over time we expect you to make your own decisions—the right decisions.
              And this means personal change deep inside you because honor is more than
              externally conforming to the Army core values. Honor is believing in the Army
              values. Honor is wanting to conform, faithfully trying to conform, and eventually
              living your life by the Army core values.

              Honor also requires you to act on your own initiative. This is because honor is
              doing the right thing even if it isn’t popular and nobody else is doing it. Just
              because others do not live by a code of honor doesn’t give us an excuse to follow a
              bad example. Honor is not always easy, but it is always just and right.

              To be “on your honor” means that you will do what is right without anyone
              looking over your shoulder. It means that you will act based on Army core values,
              which are now your values.

              We will be honorable—because we are the United States Army!

Note:         Conduct a check on learning and summarize the learning activity.


                                                                           Continued on next page




18
                                                                            BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



PRESENTATION, Continued

Enabling      (continued)
Learning
Objective B

2.            Discuss the importance of honor.

              Method of instruction: Conference (CO)
              Instructor to student ratio is:  1   : 25
              Time of instruction (minutes):   5
              Media: Viewgraphs
              References: FM 22-100 Army Leadership Field Manual
              Security Classification:

              Question: Why does the Army care about whether you and I, as individuals, are
              honorable?

              Answers:
                  We cannot win a war without honor.
                  The Army has honor only if its soldiers are honorable.
                  The Army has a loyalty to you, just as you have a loyalty to the Army.
                    Therefore, the Army wants to help you become a better person than you
                    ever were before.

Note:         Show: FIGURE 9 (The Importance of Honor)

              a. Honor is essential to success in war.

              General George Washington was the Commander of the Army of our American
              Revolution. He was also our nation’s first president, and is often called the
              “father” of our country. He once said, “War must be carried on systematically,
              and to do it you must have men of character activated by principles of honor.”


                                                                        Continued on next page




                                                                                                 19
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



PRESENTATION, Continued

Enabling      (continued)
Learning
Objective B
              What he knew was that to be successful in war, we must be able to trust one
              another. We must be able to rely on one another. We must know in our hearts
              that each of us will live the Army core values, for in war our very lives will
              depend on it.

              b. A code without honor, a false code of values hurts you, your unit, and the
              Army.

              A life without honor leads to selfishness, dishonesty, and deceit. Those who live
              without honor sow the seeds of mistrust, bad morale, and even our own
              destruction. Those who live without honor are hurting themselves and those
              around them. They hurt their friends, their unit, and the Army.

              The great Prussian soldier and military writer, Karl von Clausewitz, wrote in 1832,
              "The soldier trade, if it is to mean anything at all, has to be anchored to an
              unshakeable code of honor."

              c. Your personal honor reflects on the honor of the unit, the Army, and our
              Country. You are the US Army.

              General George Washington did his best to start this Army off with honor and
              with victory. The citizens of the United States today expect us to be honorable.
              They, and all the nations of the world, expect us to behave with honor in our use
              of the greatest military force in the world today.

              It is a great responsibility. Indeed, it is an honor to be a part of this great Army.
              This Army was built to protect the peace and to be ready at any time to go to war.
              But if we don’t go to war with honor, it would be better if we didn’t go at all.

Note:         Conduct a check on learning and summarize the learning activity.


                                                                           Continued on next page




20
                                                                                BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



PRESENTATION, Continued

Enabling
Learning
Objective C
              ACTION:           Identify actions taken in the vignettes, or actions you would
                                take, that demonstrate the Army core value honor.
              CONDITION:        Given vignettes that portray examples of honor.
              STANDARD:         Identify at least one action that represents the application of
                                honor during participation in discussions.


1.            Evaluate situations for honor.

              Method of instruction: Case study (CS)
              Instructor to student ratio is:   1    : 25
              Time of instruction (minutes):    15
              Media: None
              Reference: None
              Security Classification:

Note:         Four vignettes with suggested questions and answers are provided here for
              instructional use. The instructor should review the vignettes in advance to
              get a feel for how long it takes to present each one. The number of vignettes
              and specific ones presented is up to the instructor. However, at a minimum,
              at least two vignettes should be presented in the allotted time. Additional
              vignettes are in the BCT/OSUT Cadre Guide.

Note:         Instructors should facilitate a discussion of these vignettes with the soldiers in
              a manner that solicits their opinions and concerns relating to the value and
              the situation. The discussion should explore what Army core values are being
              shown and what behaviors are correct under the circumstances. The
              discussion should also cover how the vignette and the Army core values
              demonstrated might apply to other situations in day-to-day Army life.


                                                                           Continued on next page




                                                                                                    21
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



PRESENTATION, Continued




22
                                                                               BCT VA4 TSP No. XX




Enabling      (continued)
Learning
Objective C
              a. Honor Vignette 1: Honor and Respect

              Three male soldiers were eating together in the mess hall. They were in Phase III
              of their BCT, and were looking forward to continuing to more advanced training.
              A female soldier walked by and one of the male soldiers at the table said, “I think
              the Army is great. Before I signed up, I thought it would be just a bunch of guys,
              but I really like all the women they have around.” He smiled. The second soldier,
              however, got angry. “This is a man’s world. Women in the Army are ridiculous.
              They don’t have the strength, and they don’t have the brains. They should all be
              kept at home barefoot and pregnant.” The other two soldiers looked at him and
              then at each other. They couldn’t believe what they’d just heard.

              The first soldier stopped eating and put his fork on his plate. “Man,” he said,
              “you’re crazy. Women are an equal part of the Army. Haven’t you learned
              anything about respect?”

              “Yeah, like where were you when they talked about equal opportunity and all that
              stuff?” asked the third soldier.

              The second soldier sat back surprised. He didn’t expect this reaction from his
              friends. “Hey,” he said, “what are you doing ganging up on me? What about
              loyalty to me? Besides, I didn’t mean anything by it. I was just talking.”

Note:         We use many examples from Medal of Honor winners. Yet, honor is not just
              a one-time act of heroism. Honor means living the Army values on a daily
              basis. One of the most difficult situations we are faced with is when a friend
              clearly is violating our Army values.

              Question: What Army values did soldiers one and two demonstrate?

              Answers:
                  Loyalty to the Army values.
                  Loyalty to their friend—their friend must accept the values or it will be he
                    who suffers in the end.
                  Respect to female soldiers.
                  Integrity in standing up for what’s right.
                  Personal courage to disagree with a friend when he is wrong and face his
                    possible anger and even dislike.
                  Duty to take action and not agree with what’s wrong, or just be quiet.


                                                                          Continued on next page




                                                                                                    23
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX


PRESENTATION, Continued

Enabling      (continued)
Learning
Objective C
              Question: How did they demonstrate honor?

              Answers:
                  By living up to all the Army core values.
                  By doing the honorable thing.
                  By being honorable.

              b. Honor Vignette 2: An American Parade

              A soldier was home on leave after Basic Training. She felt lucky to have leave
              over the 4th of July holiday. She lived in a small town, and as was customary, the
              town was having a big parade. She and her grandfather sat on lawn chairs at the
              side of the road. Each time the American flag passed, her grandfather quickly
              stood up, removed his hat, and placed it over his heart. She was in uniform, and
              stood at attention and saluted. When the flag passed, they both sat down. She had
              been with him at parades before, but perhaps because she had been a child, she
              never before had understood the depth of his feeling in honoring the flag.

              She remembered that he had always honored the flag. Her grandfather was a quiet
              man, but when it came to honoring his country, he was the first to stand up and be
              counted. This seemed ironic to her, because she knew that her grandfather never
              served in the Armed Forces. An injury to his knee and back had kept him out of
              battle.

              After about the third time an American flag passed, she just looked at him with
              wonderment and a bit of curiosity. He looked over at her, and as if he knew what
              she was thinking, said, “You know more now than you did before. I see it in your
              eyes and in the way you salute with pride.” He smiled. “That flag represents
              everything good about this country—the greatest country in the world. Never
              forget the price that was paid by soldiers like you everywhere so you and I could
              be here today in peace and freedom. Never forget. Never forget."

              It amazed her that a man who had never worn a uniform, had never gone to basic
              training and had never had any formal military education could, in his heart and
              soul, keep alive such strong loyalty, commitment, and honor to this nation.


                                                                        Continued on next page




24
                                                                                BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



PRESENTATION, Continued

Enabling      (continued)
Learning
Objective C
              A few days later she was at an Army post, stopping in to use the PX with a fellow
              soldier. Coming out the front door, she noticed a couple of other soldiers rushing
              to their cars. “What’s going on?” she asked.

              “They’re trying to get to their cars before ‘Colors,’ I think,” her friend replied as
              he looked at his watch. “Hard to believe, isn’t it?” he asked, and shook his head in
              disbelief.

              Question: How did the soldier on leave and her grandfather demonstrate honor?

              Answers:
                  The soldier honored the flag and the country by standing and saluting as
                    the American flag went by.
                  Her grandfather honored the flag and the country by standing and putting
                    his hat over his heart as the American flag went by.
                  Both the soldier and grandfather demonstrated honor by the depth of their
                    feeling as they stood and saluted the flag. They didn’t do it because they
                    were supposed to. They did it because they loved this country and truly
                    wished to show it honor.

              Question: What can we say about the soldiers at the Post PX who were rushing
              to their cars to avoid “Colors”?

              Answers:
                  By avoiding the honoring of our flag, these soldiers are being
                    dishonorable. Honoring our nation's flag is a privilege.
                  During your time in the Army, you too may see soldiers (or civilians)
                    ducking into buildings or not leaving a building in the afternoon because
                    they are afraid they may have to participate in “Retreat” and “To The
                    Colors.” This is sad. Such behavior calls into question their values and
                    their character. It also may cause us to wonder what their actions will be
                    when they are beside us in battle. If they are not willing to honor the
                    country in peace, how will they act during war?


                                                                          Continued on next page




                                                                                                      25
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX




PRESENTATION, Continued

Enabling      (continued)
Learning
Objective C
              c. Honor Vignette 3: Task Force 160 at Grenada

              In 1982, there was a communist takeover of the small, economically deprived
              Caribbean island of Grenada—the smallest nation in the western hemisphere.
              This had opened the way for Cuba to extend its reach in the Caribbean,
              threatening shipping routes to and from the Panama Canal. In addition, there had
              been a power struggle on the island among competing communist factions, and
              600 medical students were endangered. In mid-October of 1982, the Organization
              of Eastern Caribbean States asked the United States to intervene.

              A week later, the US Joint Chiefs of Staff initiated planning for rescue of the
              students in a military plan code named Operation Urgent Fury. It was a joint
              effort (Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force) to dislodge Cuban troops and unseat the
              communist government.

              Army Special Operations Aviation Task Force, known as Task Force 160 (160th
              Aviation Battalion), was selected to conduct air assault and insert ground forces.
              They had a reputation in the Special Operations community as a unit that could
              deliver. They were always at the right place at the right time with the right assets.
              Their intensive training included focusing on long-range, low-level, flying at
              night—and the capabilities of blacked-out and close-formation flight. On 21
              October 1983, the unit received a short notice order to plan for Operation Urgent
              Fury in Grenada. Within 36 hours from notification, the 160th offloaded at the
              forward staging airbase in Barbados, prepared to launch combat operations into
              Grenada.

              Six MH-60s attempted an air assault against the Richmond Hill prison on
              Grenada. Receiving heavy fire, the first attempt was aborted. A second assault
              inserted the ground force. The two attempts to land on the prison resulted in
              extensive damage to all six MH-60s. One aircraft crashed east of Salines Airfield
              as a result of its battle damage. Two other MH-60s were allocated to an operation
              to locate and protect Sir Paul Scoon, the rightful Governor General of Grenada, at
              his residence.


                                                                           Continued on next page




26
                                                                             BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



PRESENTATION, Continued

Enabling      (continued)
Learning
Objective C
              As the helicopters approached the residence, Grenadian soldiers took them under
              fire. The helicopters evaded the fire and flew over St George’s harbor to the USS
              Guam. In a second attempt, Special Operations forces reached the Governor’s
              residence and protected Sir Paul Scoon. Despite flying against a heavily armed
              Cuban and Grenada force, the Task Force completed its mission, and earned the
              motto "Night Stalkers Don’t Quit."

              Question: What was honorable about the mission to Grenada and the actions of
                        the 106th Aviation Battalion?

              Answers:
                  The United States helped rescue a neighboring country from communist
                    takeover and reinstated the rightful democratic government. The country
                    acted on its values of respect for others, loyalty to neighbors in need,
                    and allegiance to our Constitution and way of life.
                  The US Army was trained and prepared to do its duty at a moment’s
                    notice.
                  The US Army worked as a team member with the other US Armed
                    Forces.
                  The members of the 160th Aviation Battalion demonstrated personal
                    courage in facing enemy fire.
                  The 160th Aviation Battalion did its duty, without giving up, as they
                    repeatedly tried a second time to complete their mission when forced
                    back the first time. They well earned their motto, “Night Stalkers Don’t
                    Quit.”


                                                                        Continued on next page




                                                                                                  27
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX




PRESENTATION, Continued

Enabling      (continued)
Learning
Objective C
              d. Honor Vignette 4: Leslie Allen Bellrichard

              On 20 May 1967, PFC Leslie Allen Bellrichard, a soldier in Company C, 1st
              Battalion, 8th Infantry, US Army, was acting as a fire-team leader during combat
              operations in Kontum Province, Republic of Vietnam. He was with four fellow
              soldiers in a foxhole on their unit's perimeter when the position came under a
              massive enemy attack. Following a 30-minute mortar barrage on PFC
              Bellrichard’s unit, the enemy launched a strong ground assault. PFC Bellrichard
              rose in face of a group of charging enemy soldiers and threw hand grenades into
              their midst, eliminating several of the foe and forcing the remainder to withdraw.
              Failing in their initial attack, the enemy repeated the mortar and rocket
              bombardment of the friendly perimeter, then once again charged against the
              defenders in a concerted effort to overrun the position. PFC Bellrichard resumed
              throwing hand grenades at the onrushing attackers. As he was about to hurl a
              grenade, a mortar round exploded just in front of his position, knocking him into
              the foxhole and causing him to lose his grip on the already armed grenade.
              Recovering instantly, PFC Bellrichard recognized the threat to the lives of his four
              comrades and threw himself upon the grenade, shielding his companions from the
              blast that followed. Although severely wounded, PFC Bellrichard struggled into
              an upright position in the foxhole and fired his rifle at the enemy until he
              succumbed to his wounds. His selfless heroism contributed greatly to the
              successful defense of the position, and he was directly responsible for saving the
              lives of several of his comrades.

              PFC Bellrichard’s acts were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military
              service and reflected great credit upon himself and the US Army. He was awarded
              the Medal of Honor for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk
              of his life above and beyond the call of duty.

              (PFC Bellrichard entered service in Oakland, California. He was born on 4
              December 1941, in Janesville, Wisconsin.)


                                                                          Continued on next page




28
                                                                             BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



PRESENTATION, Continued

Enabling      (continued)
Learning
Objective C

Note:         The instructor should stimulate discussion of the Army core value of honor
              using this material taken from a Medal of Honor citation. Use the questions
              below, and others, to stimulate discussion.

              Question: What Army core values did PFC Bellrichard demonstrate?

              Answers:
                  Loyalty and respect to his fellow soldiers, by protecting them from the
                    grenade.
                  Duty to the highest degree, by using all his ability and resources to
                    destroy the enemy.
                  Selfless service, by putting the welfare of others above his own.
                  The integrity to do what’s right, in accordance with his Army core values.
                  Personal courage, by putting himself at great risk to destroy the enemy
                    and protect his men.

              Question: How did PFC Bellrichard demonstrate honor?

              Answers:
                  By living all the Army values.
                  By being a source of credit and distinction to himself, his unit, and the
                    Army.
                  By being worthy of the highest military honor, the Medal of Honor.

Note:         Conduct a check on learning and summarize the learning activity.




                                                                                                29
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX




SECTION IV. SUMMARY

            Method of Instruction:       Conference (CO)
            Instructor to student ratio is: 1 : 25
            Time of instructions (minutes):       5
            Media: Viewgraphs


Check on    Determine if students have learned the material presented by--
Learning
            a. Providing immediate feedback in context to the material presented and
            correcting student misunderstandings.

            The purpose of this lesson was to provide you with some information on what
            honor is all about. You are expected to be able to use this information. During
            this week and throughout the rest of your time in the Army, you will be expected
            to be able to talk about what honor is and how it applies to your life in the Army.
            Over time, you will think about honor. You will talk about honor. You will be
            expected to practice and demonstrate honorable actions.

            “Later this week, you will have the opportunity to _________. You will have
            honor if you ___________(do your best, don’t quit, help/encourage your fellow
            soldiers, etc.).”

            b. Soliciting student questions and explanations.

            c. Asking questions and getting answers from the students.

            Question: What is the definition of honor?

            Answer: Live up to all the Army core values.


                                                                        Continued on next page




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                                                                          BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



SUMMARY, Continued

Check on    (continued)
Learning
            Question: What are some specific ways you, as soldiers here at BCT, can
            demonstrate honor in your actions?

            Answers:
                By rendering proper respect to the flag.
                By always having an impeccable uniform.
                By working with others as members of a team, whether in routine,
                  emergency, or combat situations.
                By acting in accordance with the Code of Conduct.
                When asked by the drill sergeant, be able to describe the importance of
                  having high personal moral standards and conduct.
                By understanding and helping to stop any apparent sexual harassment.
                By not going Absent Without Leave (AWOL).
                By not crossing “off limits” lines established by leader during exercises.
                By following suicide prevention measures both on duty and off.
                By managing your money properly, not borrowing or lending, not living
                  above your income, and repaying all your debts.
                By helping prevent rape both in the military and civilian environment.
                By following your individual total fitness program.
                By being honorable in all things with all people.

Note:       The above examples include some of the common soldier tasks that are
            supported by this lesson. They may be used here and should also be used
            throughout the week as examples of honorable behavior.


Review/
Summarize
Lesson

Note:       Show: FIGURE 10 (Summary)

            Honor is living up to all the Army core values. You are honored to be in the
            Army. The Army and each person around you depend on you to live those values
            and bring honor to yourself and the Army. Remember that others will judge
            your honor by your own words and deeds. Your honor is in your own hands.


                                                                    Continued on next page




                                                                                              31
BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



SUMMARY, Continued

Review/         (continued)
Summarize
Lesson

Note:           Leave soldiers with a quote or other thoughtful comment about honor.

Note:           Show the final slide with its quote, select one or more from the list below, or
                use your own.

Note:           Show: FIGURE 11 (Final Quote)

                "The greatest way to live with honor in this world is to be what we pretend to
                be."                                                   -Socrates (470-399 BC)

                "No person was ever honored for what he received. Honor has been the reward
                for what he gave."                                       -Calvin Coolidge

                "Be honorable yourself if you wish to associate with honorable people."
                                                                             -Welsh Proverb

                "In the arena of human life the honors and rewards fall to those who show their
                good qualities in action."     -Aristotle, Nicomachen Ethics (4th century BC)

                "My country owes me nothing. It gave me, as it gives every boy and girl, a
                chance. It gave me schooling, independence of action, opportunity for service and
                honor. In no other land could a boy from a country village, without inheritance or
                influential friends, look forward with unbounded hope."
                                                                              -Herbert Hoover

                "Don't hit at all if it is honorably possible to avoid hitting; but never hit soft!"
                                                                              -Theodore Roosevelt


Transition to   You will learn more about honor and what it means to the Army as you continue
Next Lesson     your training. You will be expected to show yourselves honorable in your words
                and deeds on a daily basis. This material has given you the basics of what honor
                is all about. You will discuss the remaining values in the weeks ahead. Integrity
                is the next scheduled lesson.




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                                                                                BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



SECTION V. STUDENT EVALUATION

Feedback       a. Schedule and provide immediate feedback in context to the material presented;
Requirements   correct student misunderstandings.

               b. Provide remedial training as needed.


Testing        Phase counseling in Phases I, II, and III will include values evaluation. Drill
Requirements   sergeants will evaluate at least one Army core value by asking the soldier to--

               a. Define one of the Army core values taught during that phase.

               b. Describe an application of the Army core value.




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                                                       BCT VA4 TSP No. XX



APPENDIX A. INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA

List of   Figure 1.    Honor
Figures
          Figure 2.    The Seven Army Core Values

          Figure 3.    Honor Comes from Moral Values

          Figure 4.    Honor—An American Tradition

          Figure 5.    Marksmanship

          Figure 6.    Medal of Honor

          Figure 7.    Rendering Honor

          Figure 8.    Making it Happen

          Figure 9.    The Importance of Honor

          Figure 10.   Summary

          Figure 11.   Final Quote




                                                                      A-1

								
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