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					                                     HUMAN SOCIETY AND ITS ENVIRONMENT

STAGE: ONE                                          CLASS:                                     TERM:


DURATION OF PROGRAM: TEN SESSIONS                                   UNIT TITLE: HOUSES THEN AND NOW


                            CONTENT STRANDS                                                      UNIT DESCRIPTION

                                                                    In this unit, the students will investigate how homes have changed over time.
                          CHANGE AND CONTINUITY                     They will explore homes in their local environment and identify them as ‘old’ or
                                                                    ‘new’. The students will identify external and internal features of homes and
                  SOCIAL SYSTEMS AND STRUCTURES                     discuss how they have changed. They will interview an older person to find
                                                                    out how and why homes have changed. They will link changes to homes, to
                                                                    changes in technologies and needs. The students will create a model of a
                                                                    street including both old and new homes. They will make a class big book
                                                                    which compares rooms within an old and new home. The students will also
                                                                    predict the gadgets they may find in a home in the future. They will make this
                                                                    gadget and role play its use.

                                                                    This unit is 14 pages and includes some worksheets.

    CHANGE AND CONTINUITY                       CULTURES OUTCOMES     ENVIRONMENTS OUTCOMES                       SOCIAL SYSTEMS AND
         OUTCOMES                                                                                                STRUCTURES OUTCOMES



              CC S1.2                                                                                                       SS S1.7




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                                     HUMAN SOCIETY AND ITS ENVIRONMENT

SESSION: ONE


OUTCOMES                          INDICATORS                                              MODELLING                                  LEARNING EXPERIENCE

                                                                      Prior to this session, gain parental permission for the
                 The students may, for example:                       students to take a walk around their suburb/town.
                                                                      Extra parental assistance would be an advantage .
   CC S1.2          Recognise houses that may be old or new
                                                                      Explain to the students that during this term they
                                                                      will explore the dwellings in which people live
                    Use appropriate language to describe the                                                                   Introduce the unit.
                                                                      now, in the past and predict what they will look
                     age of different dwellings For example, This
                                                                      like in the future.
                     house looks old. It was built a long time ago.
                                                                      Take the students on a walk around their suburb
                                                                      or town to view different examples of homes. (Try
                    Recognise different types of dwellings                                                                     Walk around the suburb or town
   SS S1.7                                                            to choose an area in which there is a variety of
                                                                      housing. E.g.: old, new, flats, townhouses,
                    Link different types of homes to people’s        terraces, caravan park etc.)
                     needs and wants
                                                                      As the students are viewing the houses, ask
                                                                      questions such as:                                        Discuss different types of homes
                                                                       Does this house look old or new? Why do
                                                                          you think that?
                                                                       Why do you think people live in homes?
                                                                       What type of dwelling would we call this
                                                                          building? E.g.: a block of flats
                                                                       Does this building look old or new? Why do
                                                                          you think that?
                                                                       Why do you think people live in flats?
                                                                       What features of the buildings can you see?
                                                                          E.g.: windows, doors, roof, chimney etc

                                                                      Take photographs to refer to in later sessions.




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                                     HUMAN SOCIETY AND ITS ENVIRONMENT

SESSION: TWO


OUTCOMES                          INDICATORS                                               MODELLING                                    LEARNING EXPERIENCE

                                                                      Prior to this session, ask the students to bring in a
                 The students may, for example:                       photo of their own home (if possible). If the students
                                                                      are unable to bring in a photo, they will still be able to
                                                                      do the task.
   CC S1.2          Recognise houses that may be old or new
                                                                      Review the previous session by showing the
                    Use appropriate language to describe the         students the photographs of the dwellings they
                                                                                                                                   Review previous session
                     age of different dwellings For example, This     saw on their walk. Ask the students to recall the
                     house looks old. It was built a long time ago.   types of homes such as terraces, townhouses,
                                                                      flats etc. Discuss whether they thought the
                    Recognise different types of dwellings           homes were old or new. Ask them to suggest
   SS S1.7
                                                                      ways that they could tell.
                    Link different types of homes to people’s
                     needs and wants                                  Discuss the reasons why some people may
                                                                      choose to live in certain dwellings. For example,
                    Describe the external features of a home         a family may choose to live in a house because
                                                                                                                                   Relate types of dwellings to needs
                                                                      they need the space. A young person living on
                    Suggest that materials used in construction      their own may choose to live in a flat because
                     have changed over time                           they don’t need the space.

                                                                      As a group, brainstorm a list of external features
                                                                                                                                   Brainstorm external features of
                                                                      that were evident on the homes. This list may
                                                                                                                                   homes
                                                                      include features such as doors, garages,
                                                                      windows, chimneys, roof, gutters, verandas etc.


                                                                      Continued over the page.




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                                      HUMAN SOCIETY AND ITS ENVIRONMENT

SESSION: TWO


OUTCOMES                           INDICATORS                                         MODELLING                               LEARNING EXPERIENCE


                 The students may, for example:                     Explain to the students that they are going to sit
                                                                    with a partner and describe the features of their
   SS S1.7           Link their own family’s needs to the home     own home. Encourage them to use the terms            Describe own home to a partner
                      they live in                                  brainstormed. The students refer to the
                                                                    photograph of their home that they have brought
                     Describe their own home in detail, using      in. Encourage the students to talk about how their
                      specific language eg: roof, windows, doors,   home suits the needs of their family. For
                      gutters, bricks etc                           instance, a new room may have been added as
                                                                    the family grew or it may have a “Granny flat” to
   CC S1.2           Suggest ways in which their own home has      accommodate a grandparent.
                      changed over time to accommodate a
                      changing family                               Explain to the students that they are going to
                                                                    paint a picture of their home. They label the        Paint a picture of their home
                                                                    picture using the terms brainstormed at the
                                                                    beginning of the session.




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                                     HUMAN SOCIETY AND ITS ENVIRONMENT

SESSION: THREE


OUTCOMES                          INDICATORS                                         MODELLING                               LEARNING EXPERIENCE

                                                                    Show the students two pictures. One of a modern
                 The students may, for example:                     home and the other of an old home. Ask the
                                                                    students to describe the differences they can see   Describe the differences observed
   CC S1.2          Identify the external differences between an   in the picture. Ask questions to assist them such   between an old and new home
                     old and new home                               as:
                                                                     Can you describe the materials used to build
   SS S1.7          Recognise that the changes in technology            this house?
                     and materials have changed the way in           What was used to construct the roof in each
                     which houses are built                              home?
                                                                     Can you describe the doors in each home?
                                                                         How are they the same/different?
                                                                     Can you describe the windows in each
                                                                         home? How are they the same/different?
                                                                     Can you see chimneys in the homes? What
                                                                         differences can you see?
                                                                    Explain to the students that houses have
                                                                    changed, just like people change. Technology
                                                                    has improved the materials that can be used to
                                                                    build homes.
                                                                    Explain to the students that they are going to
                                                                    record their observations about the two homes       Record external differences between
                                                                    on a chart. Show the students the chart (see        an old and new home on a chart
                                                                    appendix) and fill it in by referring to the two
                                                                    photographs the students have explored.
                                                                    Divide the students into groups of 4-5. Give each
                                                                    group a photo of an old home and a new home.
                                                                    Each group fills in the chart.




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                                    HUMAN SOCIETY AND ITS ENVIRONMENT

SESSION: FOUR AND FIVE


OUTCOMES                          INDICATORS                                        MODELLING                                LEARNING EXPERIENCE

                                                                  Prior to this session, have the students bring in a
                 The students may, for example:                   variety of small – medium empty boxes. For
                                                                  example: cereal boxes, shoe boxes
   CC S1.2          Identify the features of old and new homes
                                                                  Read the students a text related to different types   Shared reading of a text
                    Recognise the differences between old and    of homes.
                     new homes and create a model of a home       Explain to the students that they are going to
                                                                  create a model of a make believe street. This
                                                                  street will have a range of homes. Brainstorm the
                                                                  types of houses they have explored so far. These      Explanation of task.
                                                                  may include old, new, terraces, flats, single
                                                                  storey etc. Recall the features of homes that they
                                                                  have discussed in both old and new homes.             Recall external features of old and
                                                                  Recall the types of materials used to build old       new homes.
                                                                  and new homes.

                                                                  Have each student plan the type of home he/she
                                                                  will make by making a sketch and labelling the        Sketch and label a home
                                                                  external features.

                                                                  The students use boxes, paints and craft
                                                                  materials to make their model home.                   Create a model of the home

                                                                  Display by assembling the homes to form a
                                                                  street. The students may add a label to identify
                                                                  the type of home. For example: This is an old         Label and display homes
                                                                  terrace house. This is a new block of flats.




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                                     HUMAN SOCIETY AND ITS ENVIRONMENT

SESSION: SIX


OUTCOMES                          INDICATORS                                     MODELLING                               LEARNING EXPERIENCE

                                                               Show the students the photographs of the two
                 The students may, for example:                homes used in Session Three.
                                                               Explain to the students that over the past few
                                                               sessions, they have explored the difference
   SS S1.7          Identify rooms within a house             between old and new homes from the outside.
                                                               Explain that they are now going to explore the
                    Discuss items which would be found in a   inside of homes.
                     specific room within a home
                                                               As a class, brainstorm the rooms within a home.      Brainstorm rooms in a house

                                                               Divide the students into small groups and
                                                               allocate a room per group. Have the students
                                                               brainstorm and list everything they would            Small group work – brainstorm and
                                                               probably find within the room that they have been    record things found in a room
                                                               allocated. For example, in a laundry you would
                                                               expect to find:
                                                                Washing machine
                                                                Dryer
                                                                Iron
                                                                Ironing board
                                                                Sink/ tub
                                                               The students record their work on a large sheet
                                                               of paper. Have the students decorate their work
                                                               by finding pictures in magazines and gluing these
                                                               onto the sheet and adding their own illustrations.
                                                               This will be used for the class big book they will
                                                               create in the next session.




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                                    HUMAN SOCIETY AND ITS ENVIRONMENT

SESSION: SEVEN


OUTCOMES                         INDICATORS                                          MODELLING                                  LEARNING EXPERIENCE

                                                                 Prior to this session, have the students ask an older
                 The students may, for example:                  person (a grandparent or elderly neighbour, relative or
                                                                 friend) to describe the room that they focused on in
                                                                 the previous session. For instance, if, in their small
   CC S1.2          Discuss how rooms within a house have       group, the students described the laundry, then this is
                     changed over time                           the room that they would question the older person
                                                                 about. This should be done as part of their homework.
   SS S1.7          Recognise how different technologies have   See appendix for possible question sheet that the
                     resulted in changes within the home For     students could use.
                     example, the development of computer
                     technology may have meant that a study      Assemble the students into the small groups that
                     now contains a computer instead of a        they worked in the previous session. Explain to           Share results of the interview.
                     typewriter                                  the students that they are to share with the other
                                                                 members of their group, what their interviewee
                                                                 reported about the particular room in the house.
                                                                 Come together as a whole class and have a
                                                                 representative from each group report to the
                                                                 class what they found out about rooms in the
                                                                 past.

                                                                 Explain to the students that they are going to
                                                                 create a class book called “Rooms in a House:
                                                                 Then and Now”. The work they did in the
                                                                 previous session will form some of the pages.             Create a class big book about rooms
                                                                 Provide each group with a new sheet of paper.             within a house – then and now
                                                                 Have the students record statements and
                                                                 pictures which show what the room may have
                                                                 looked like in the past.
                                                                 Collect all of the sheets and create a class book.




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                                    HUMAN SOCIETY AND ITS ENVIRONMENT

SESSION: EIGHT


OUTCOMES                         INDICATORS                                         MODELLING                              LEARNING EXPERIENCE


                 The students may, for example:                   Remind the students that they have looked at
                                                                  how the rooms within a house have changed
   CC S1.2          Recognise changes that have occurred         over time. Ask the students to suggest reasons      Suggest reasons for changes in
                     within homes                                 why there have been changes. Lead them in a         homes
                                                                  discussion identifying the change in needs and in
                    Predict changes in households which may      technology as being responsible for the changes
                     occur in the future                          that have occurred.

   SS S1.7          Attribute changes within homes to changing   Ask the students, “Do you think that rooms within
                     technology and needs                         our homes will always look the way that they do
                                                                  now? Why?”

                                                                  Ask the students to suggest how rooms within
                                                                  our homes may change in the future. Encourage       Predict the rooms of the future
                                                                  them to be specific about the types of equipment/
                                                                  appliances or gadgets that may be found within
                                                                  the room.

                                                                  Explain to the students that they are to record     Record predictions
                                                                  their predictions for the future of a room within
                                                                  the house. The students record their ideas on a
                                                                  sheet of paper.




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                                    HUMAN SOCIETY AND ITS ENVIRONMENT

SESSION: NINE AND TEN


OUTCOMES                         INDICATORS                                           MODELLING                                  LEARNING EXPERIENCE

                                                                  Prior to this session, have the students bring in a
                 The students may, for example:                   range of recyclable materials suitable for construction
                                                                  activities.
   CC S1.2          Predict changes in households which may
                                                                  Ask the students to share their ideas that they           Share ideas from the previous
                     occur in the future
                                                                  recorded in the previous session.                         session
   SS S1.7          Make a gadget or item which may be found
                                                                  Explain to the students that during this session
                     in the home in the future
                                                                  they are going to construct something that they
                                                                  may find in their futuristic room. Allow the
                    Role play using a gadget or item which may   students an opportunity to think about and sketch
                                                                                                                            Make a gadget or item which would
                     be found in the home in the future                                                                     be found in a household in the future
                                                                  their ideas before constructing it using a range of
                                                                  craft and recyclable materials.

                                                                  In Session 10, have the students seated in a
                                                                  large circle with the item they made in the               Role play using their futuristic gadget.
                                                                  previous session. Explain to the students that
                                                                  they are all going to share their items by stepping
                                                                  into the centre of the circle and role playing using
                                                                  the item that they made. The other students
                                                                  guess what it is and where in the home it may be
                                                                  useful.




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                                     HUMAN SOCIETY AND ITS ENVIRONMENT

                                                      POSSIBLE ASSESSMENT STRATEGIES



   Outcomes based checklist
   Anecdotal records
   Collect and analyse one task
   Photographs
   Student self assessment


                  RESOURCES                                         WEB LINKS          EVALUATION


   A variety of factual texts about homes        http://www.allegria.com.au/houses/
   Stimulus pictures
   Note requesting permission to go for a walk
    around the local area
   Camera and film
   Photographs of homes
   Pictures of old and new homes
   Photocopied worksheets
   Paint, paper, glue
   Old magazines
   Construction material such as boxes




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                                              APPENDIX




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External feature                        Old home   New home   Possible reason for
                                                                the difference
Main material
used to build
the home.

  Description of
  the windows


  Description of
   the doors


  Description of
    the roof


  Description of
 the chimney(s)



 Primary Programs Plus   www.ppplus.com.au                                         13
Dear __________________________,

In Human Society and Its Environment, my class is learning about homes. We
are interested in finding out what a room in a house looked like a long time ago.
Can you please help me by answering these questions?

My group is focusing on the ______________________________.

1/ Did you have this room in the house you lived in a long time ago? _______
How big was the room?
When was the room used?

2/ What pieces of furniture were in this room?
What did they look like?
Is there one piece of furniture that you had in the room which has changed
now? What is it?
How has it changed?




3/ What other things were in this room? For example, in a living room there may
have been a wireless. What did they look like?




Thank you for helping me.




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