Naturalism! Mr. Mummert English 4 Take a few minutes… • Quick Write (Write for 10 minutes): – What is the scariest thing you’ve ever faced? How did it turn out for you? What are some other ways this event could have turned out? – 1 page A quick recap… • In one sentence, sum up Romantic philosophy. • What philosophy comes next? • What did it attempt to portray? Result of Realists’ Writing • A closer examination of character, especially as it related to moral behavior • Works often did not have happy endings Naturalism • Developed out of realism and was more concerned with plot than character. • Portrayed human life as determined by outside forces of heredity and environment. • Characters are trapped in a world they can’t control and only the strong survive. – Do these last 2 ideas sound like any philosophy you know? Three Ways of Looking at a Sparrow • Different points of view: – a Romantic – a Realist – and a Naturalist… • Savvy? Romantic Point of View • Behold the lovely sparrow— • So small, so innocent! • Such gifts that nature brings! • Make me glad to see tomorrow! Realist Point of View • The sparrow searches for food. • He hops around, looking under leaves, picking at twigs, cocking his head to listen for danger. Naturalist Point of View • The sparrow is quick, but not quick enough. • The hawk swoops, capturing its prey in its strong talons. • Disemboweling the sparrow with its dagger-like beak. YOUR TURN: • Choose another subject from nature, such as a plant, animal, or rock and write descriptions of it from the romantic, realist, and naturalist points of view. – Romantic- Worship the object. – Realist- Describe the object. – Naturalist- Describe the object as strong enough or not strong enough to survive. Strategies for Reading Naturalist Literature • Pay attention to concrete details for information about characters and setting. • The setting, such as nature, may be a character Strategies for Reading Naturalist Literature • Notice the values of the characters and whether any characters have conflicting values. • Think of Curley & his conflict with everyone. • Lennie’s struggle to fit in. • Determine what causes a character’s downfall. • What can Lennie not do? • Pakhom? • Sasha? Strategies for Reading Naturalist Literature • Look for truths about ordinary life. • How Much Land? • What Men Live By? • “I should’ve shot my own dog, George.” To Build A Fire Voc 1 • Vocabulary– Relax it’s only 4 terms! • Conflagration- • A big, destructive fire To Build A Fire Voc 2 • Conjectural- • Based on guesswork • Is it really possible to know which brand Santa smokes? • *These pictures are from real ads. To Build A Fire Voc 3 • Peremptorily- • Commandingly • It’s as if science, or the doctor himself, were commanding someone to smoke this brand. To Build A Fire Voc 4 • Unwonted- • Unfamiliar • It’s unfamiliar to many of us to see babies used to sell cigarettes. Homework • Please write a ½ page summary of these notes. • Could Of Mice & Men have ended any other way?
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