Docstoc
EXCLUSIVE OFFER FOR DOCSTOC USERS
Try the all-new QuickBooks Online for FREE.  No credit card required.

Lithuania

Document Sample
Lithuania Powered By Docstoc
					Lithuania
   Lithuania is a country in Eastern, often
referred to as Northern Europe or in Baltic
Division. It is situated along the south-eastern
shore of the Baltic Sea, it shares borders with
Latvia to the north, Belarus to the southeast,
Poland, and the Russian exclave of the
Kaliningrad Oblast to the southwest. Lithuania
is a member of NATO and of the European
Union. Its population is 3.4 million. Its capital and
largest city is Vilnius. Total area of Lithuania is
65.200 km2.
                   History
   During the 14th century, Lithuania was the largest
country in Europe. With the Lublin Union of 1569 Poland
and Lithuania formed a new state, the Polish–
Lithuanian Commonwealth. Starting in 1940, Lithuania
was occupied first by the Soviet Union then Nazi
Germany. On March 11, 1990, Lithuania became the
first Soviet republic to declare its renewed
independence. Since Lithuania declared independence
on March 11, 1990.
            About Lithuania
  Klaipėda port is the only port in Lithuania. Vilnius
International Airport is the largest airport. It served 1.7
million passengers in 2007.
 Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant is a Soviet-era nuclear
station. Unit #1 was closed in December 2004, as a
condition of Lithuania's entry into the European Union.
The population of Lithuania stands at 3.3662 million,
84.6% of whom are ethnic Lithuanians who speak the
Lithuanian language (one of the two surviving members
of the Baltic language group), which is the official
language of the country. Several sizable minorities exist,
such as Poles (6.3%), Russians (5.1%), and Belarusians
(1.1%) In 2005 79% of Lithuanians belonged to the
Roman Catholic Church.
Ignalina’s nuclear station
Famous people from Lithuania
                 Jurga Šeduikytė,
  known by her stage name Jurga, is a Lithuanian singer and
songwriter. She is an art rock musician, won the Best Female Act
and the Best Album of 2005 in the Lithuanian Bravo Awards and the
Best Baltic Act at the MTV Europe Music Awards 2007.
VILNIUS
 Legend of establishing city of
            Vilnius
    Legend has it that the Grand Duke of Lithuania,
Gediminas, was hunting in the sacred forest near the
Valley of Šhventaragis. Tired after the successful day's
hunt, the Grand Duke settled in nearby for the night. He
fell soundly asleep and began to dream. A huge Iron
Wolf was standing on top a hill and the sound of
hundreds of other wolves inside it filled all of the
surrounding fields and woods. Upon awakening, the
Duke asked the pagan priest Lizdeika to interpret the
meaning of the dream. And the priest told him: "What is
destined for the ruler and the State of Lithuania, is thus:
the Iron Wolf represents a castle and a city which will be
established by you on this site. This city will be the
capital of the Lithuanian lands and the dwelling of their
rulers, and the glory of their deeds shall echo throughout
the world.
Gediminas and Iron wolf sculptures
Lithuanians
57,8%
Polish 18,7 %

Russian 14 %

Belarus 4 %

Jews 0,5 %

Others 5 %
     The culture of Vilnius
  Almost all styles of architecture can be
found in Vilnius, from Gothic to Classical.
However, Vilnius is the largest Baroque
city, north of the Alps, and is often referred
to as “Little Rome”.
Owing to its uniqueness, the Old Town of
Vilnius was inscribed on the UNESCO
World Heritage List in 1994.
Old town of Vilnius
The new city of Vilnius
The tower of Gediminas
Vilnius cathedral
Vilnius orthodox church
Saint Anna’s church
Vilnius synagogue
Aušros Vartų street
Europa sky-scraper
Department store “Akropolis”
Siemens Arena
Vilnius TV tower
“Vichy” aquapark
Thank you for your attention 




        Made by Agneshka Rykman, Vilnius, 2008 y.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:3
posted:3/7/2012
language:
pages:28