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					            WOLVERINE SPORTS MEDICINE
Volume 1, Issue 4                                                                                                  November, 2010


 Sport Injuries                                                        Health
 Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome                                          Sleep
 Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) is really a group of              In the past decade, recovery has become one of the hottest
 conditions that cause pain around the kneecap and it can be           buzzwords in athletic performance. With so much time and
 related to many conditions such as bursitis, tendinitis,              money spent on recovery aids, it’s ironic that so many
 chondromalacia and osteoarthritis. Symptoms of PFPS typically         student-athletes overlook the most easily accessible,
 include gradual onset of general aching in front of the knee that     affordable and time tested recovery booster of all: SLEEP.
 worsens with stair climbing or prolonged sitting. There may or        But the value of sleep isn’t limited to recovery. Its’
 may not be swelling and the knee may feel weak, to the point          important role in athletic performance and overall health is
 where it feels like the knee is “giving way”. Many student-athletes   well documented.
 are prone to PFPS and there is no one specific sport that is
                                                                       The latest research on how sleep affects mental and
 primarily affected.
                                                                       physical ability suggests that time student-athletes spend
 PFPS is usually diagnosed through a physical exam. X-rays are         sleeping can be just as important as the time they spend in
 also helpful in determining bony abnormalities such as                the weight room. Both the physical and mental side of
 malalignment or loose bodies. Occasionally, MRI, CT or bone           sleep are important. Physically, sleep deprivation studies
 scans may be needed.                                                  have shown that subjects who have gotten less sleep
 Most of the time PFPS is treated with physical therapy. The main      consistently tire more quickly that those who have gotten
 concerns are relieving the pain and then restoring function. Since    more. The mental effects of sleep debt are much more
 most PFPS symptoms are caused by overuse, you have to first rest      pronounced. Research has shown that reaction time, stress
 and begin therapy. Anti-inflammatory medication and ice are very      level, alertness and overall energy level are negatively
 helpful in reducing the pain. As the pain diminishes you can begin    affected by sleep deprivation.
 strengthening and stretching exercises. As the condition improves     Perhaps most interesting of all, several studies have shown
 you can start sport-specific exercises and a maintenance program.     that subjects who suffer cognitive and motor impairments
 The prognosis for PFPS is good overall for the majority of            due to sleep debt are often unaware of their decreased
 student-athletes. However, there are some student-athletes that       ability. This might help to explain why student-athletes
 will continue to experience pain after this type of treatment and     don’t take sleep habits seriously. They don’t realize how
 may ultimately need surgical intervention.                            much it may hamper their alertness, reaction time and other
                                                                       skills essential to athletic success.

                                                                       The goal for teens should be 9 hours per night. That may
                                                                       seem unrealistic to many, but the closer they can come to
                                                                       that number, the better off they will feel. Consistency in
                                                                       sleep time is valuable as well. Going to bed and waking up
                                                                       at the same time every day takes maximum advantage of the
                                                                       body’s natural circadian rhythm. Once a routine is
                                                                       established, student-athletes are able to fall asleep more
                                                                       quickly and sleep more soundly through the night.

                                                                       Well-rested student-athletes may soon find they’re
                                                                       recovering faster after workouts, performing sport skills
                                                                       with greater proficiency and feeling better all day long.

                                                                                                                    Wolverine Sports Medic 1
                                                                   continued from page 1




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                                                               Wolverine Sports Medic 2
MORE WAYS TO CUSTOMIZE
                                                                      Inserting and Editing
THIS TEMPLATE                                                         Pictures
                                                                      Type your sub-heading here
FOOTERS
                                                                      You can replace the pictures in this template with your
To change the text at the very bottom of each page of your            company’s art. Select the picture you want to replace, point
newsletter, click Headers and Footers on the View menu.               to Picture in the Insert menu, and click From File. Choose a
Use the Header and Footer toolbar to open the footer, and             new picture and then click Insert. Select the Link to File box
replace the sample text with your own text.                           if you don’t want to embed the art in the newsletter. This is a
INSERT SYMBOL                                                         good idea if you need to minimize your file size; embedding
It is a good idea to place a small symbol at the end of each          a picture adds significantly to the size of the file.
article to let the reader know that the article is finished and       To edit a picture, click on it to activate the Picture toolbar.
will not continue onto another page. Position your cursor at          You can use this toolbar to adjust brightness and contrast,
the end of the article, click Symbol on the Insert menu,
choose the symbol you want, and then click Insert.                      Choose a new picture, and click the Link to File
                                                                         box if you don’t want to save the art with the
CONTINUED TEXT                                                                            newsletter.
To let the reader know that an article will continue on
another page, insert a small text box under the text box,             change line properties and crop the image. For more detailed
choose the Continued To style, and then type the words                editing, double-click on the graphic to activate the drawing
“Continued on Page”.                                                  layer where you can group or ungroup, re-color, or delete
                                                                      picture objects. 




                                                 without an envelope. For best results,            change the text in the footer, select it
                                                 use a medium to heavyweight paper. If             and type your new text. To change the
QUESTIONS AND                                    you’re mailing without an envelope,               border, click Borders and Shading on
ANSWERS                                          seal with a label.                                the Format menu.
                                                 Q: I would like to use my own clip                Q: Can I save a customized
Q: I would like to change some of                art. How do I change the art without              newsletter as a template for future
the text box shading to improve the              changing the design?                              editions?
print quality. Can that be done?
                                                 A: To change a picture, click on the              A: Yes. Type your own information
A: Yes. To change the shading or                 picture, then point to Picture on the             over the sample text and then click
color of a text box, select it and               Insert menu and click From File.                  Save As on the File menu. Choose
double click its borders to open the             Choose a new picture, and click Insert.           Document Template from the Save as
Format Text Box dialog box. Click the                                                              type drop down list (the extension
                                                 Q: How do I change the text and
Colors and Lines tab and then choose                                                               should change from .doc to .dot). Save
                                                 borders that appear at the bottom of
the new color from the Color drop-                                                                 the file under a new name. Next time
                                                 every page?
down list in the Fill section.                                                                     you want to create a newsletter, click
                                                 A: Click Headers and Footers on the
Q: What’s the best way to print this                                                               New on the File menu, then choose
                                                 View menu. Use the Header and
newsletter?                                                                                        your template.
                                                 Footer toolbar to navigate among
A: Print page 2 on the back of page              headers and footers, insert date or
1. Fold in half and mail with or                 time, or format the page numbers. To
                                                                                                                         Wolverine Sports Medic 3
Wolverine Sports Medic 4

				
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