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Using Resident Formulated Multi-Dimensional Indicators to Assess

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					Using Resident Formulated Multi-Dimensional
  Indicators to Assess Urban Communities’
Progress Toward Meeting Sustainability Goals

International Conference on Whole Life Urban Sustainability and its Assessment

                        Glasgow Caledonian University
                             June 27 – 29, 2007
An Inclusionary Approach to Comprehensive
                 Planning
The Ohio State University Extension Sustainable
Communities Program:

1.   Residents develop vision
2.   Residents, public officials and community leaders
     develop goals, objectives and strategies
3.   Shared multi-dimensional indicators are created and
     adopted by supporting organizations
          Multi-dimensional Indicator Focus

Use of a Goal-Impact-Output Framework

•     Each indicator is focused on a specific goal

Example:
► Goal: All Noble County residents have access to water and sewer

Community Systems
•   Social: Number of inter- and intra-county connections between water systems
•   Environmental: The quality of local streams measured by e-coli, BOD, ammonia
    and other emerging identified measures
•   Economic: Average residential rates for public water and sewer do not exceed
    110% of the state averages for comparable systems
   City of Kent Sustainable Comprehensive
                     Plan
• Multi-dimensionality built in at the goal prioritization
  stage

  1. Social, economic and environmental goals linked to
  create “features” of the community
  2. Interconnections lead to multi-disciplinary goals
  (features)
     Kent Multi-Disciplinary Goal Example

Feature: Kent is home to many locally owned independent
  small businesses
      ↳Vibrant retail and service sector (economy)
         ↳A strong public educational system (social)
              ↳Street/sidewalk maintenance (social)
                       ↳Quality recreational opportunities
                                         (environment)
                                ↳Traffic management (environment)
         Kent Development of Indicators

• Planners and community professionals took resident’s
  multi-disciplinary feature and developed draft indicators

• Draft indicators for each multi-disciplinary feature
  reviewed and edited by interested citizens in community
  meetings

• Final draft of indicators placed into plan

• One final opportunity for review and comment at
  ordinance hearing of Kent City Council
       Kent Final Plan Features and Indicator
                      Example
ENVIRONMENT: Built Environment
•   Traffic management
•   Pedestrian orientation
•   Use of existing buildings


Implementation                                Indicator
•   Increase PARTA rides                      Net increase in rider ship
                                              Net increase in carpooling
•   Traffic calming plan                      Passage by Kent Council
•   Street boulevards at key entrances        Number constructed
•   Identify & construct sidewalks            Number identified
                                              Amount of public $
                                              Number of feet constructed
•   Public financing of façade improvements   Amount of grant funds distributed
                                              Amount of revolving loan funds distributed
                                              Amount of tax abatement dollars distributed
                    Lessons Learned

• More time spent in inclusionary planning and indicator
  develop processes leads citizen acceptance and to faster
  implementation of plan: Kent Plan 70% underway or completed
  within one year


• Goal-Impact-Output framework for indicator
  development works well at local community level

• Building shared local indicators increases the
  understanding and collaboration between organizations
  involved in implementing activities
                      Contact

Presented by:

Myra Moss & Bill Grunkemeyer, Co-Leaders
Ohio State University Sustainable Center
16714 Wolf Run Road (State Route 215)
Caldwell, Ohio 43724-9414 U.S.A.
740.732.2381
moss.63@osu.edu            grunkemeyer.1@osu.edu

				
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