Using Quotations (PowerPoint download) by dandanhuanghuang


									Using Quotations
   North High School
  English/Literacy Labs
   Some of the primary reasons we use quotes…
       A) Credibility—using quotations as evidence that others
        have opinions similar to our own.
       B) Examples—when we use a quote to display something
        in particular.
       C) Evidence/Data/Facts—when we want to show that our
        opinion is backed by researched, quantitative data, or
        qualitative documented observations.
       D) Platforms of Disagreement—when we use a quote by
        someone that we disagree with, so that we can show that
        either their reasoning, examples, or evidence are flawed.
       E) Philosophy—when we use a quote that is wise,
        universally true, ridiculous, odd, or simply interesting.
                       A) Credibility
   As in war, often the side with more soldiers wins. When you are
    making an argument, the more people you can cite that agree with
    you, the stronger your case is that your thesis is indeed legitimate.
      Credibility—For Example…
   Suppose I want to prove to Ms. Barnes that she should
    try oranges, because they are sweet, wholesome, and
    delicious, but Ms. Barnes doesn’t initially believe me,
    because I tricked her into eating Brussel Sprouts before.
    But if I could prove that Ms. Leroy, Mr. Blus, Mr. Gilman,
    and Ms. McKiernen all agreed with me, then Ms. Barnes
    might be willing to try an orange.
            B) Examples
 One of the best reasons to use a quote is
 simply to explain something more
 thoroughly by using an example.
 Examples help to clarify the reader’s
 understanding of your argument. Can you
 think of an example?
         C) Evidence/Data/Facts
   Another reason to use a quote is when we want to use
    information or data collected by someone else. So, if I
    was trying to prove that oranges are wholesome, I could
    quote a finding by a scientist saying that, “one orange
    has 45 mg of vitamin C.”
  Platforms of Disagreement
 Sometimes   it can be useful to use a
 quote from someone that we disagree
 with, to prove that critics of our thesis
 are incorrect. For instance, I might
 want to acknowledge that “Mr. Davis,
 who is normally a peaceful man, hates
 oranges and says that they are
 disgusting.” (cont)
                 Davis and the Tree

   The key then, is to
    discredit the quote. In
    this case I might note
    that, “However, in Mr.
    Davis’ younger years, he
    was attacked by an
    orange tree while
    vacationing in Florida;
    therefore, his opposition
    to oranges is emotional,
    and has nothing to do
    with their sweet,
    wholesome, and
    delicious nature.”
                  E) Philosophy
   Finally, we might consider quoting a person that has
    something witty, wise, odd, ridiculous, or interesting—so
    long as the quote has something to do with our essay.

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